United States Cancer Statistics
Cancer mortality data are available for the United States, state and metropolitan areas (MSA)
by age group, race, gender and cancer site
for the years 1999 - 2004.
The United States Cancer Statistics (USCS) are the official federal statistics on cancer incidence and mortality from registries having high-quality data and cancer mortality statistics for 50 states and the District of Columbia. USCS are produced by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and the National Cancer Institute (NCI), in collaboration with the North American Association of Central Cancer Registries (NAACCR).
Mortality data are provided by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS), National Vital Statistics System (NVSS).
You can produce tables, maps, charts, and data extracts.
Obtain death counts, crude rates, and age-adjusted rates with 95% confidence intervals, and
select specific disease and demographic criteria to produce cross-tabulated mortality measures.
Data are organized into three levels of geographic detail: national, state and Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MSAs).
The population estimates used as the denominator for rate calculations are also shown.
You can limit and index your data by any and all of these variables:
The following statistical measures are available as query results:
|Output:||You can produce tables, maps, charts, and data extracts. Obtain death counts, age-adjusted and crude death rates from the United States Cancer Statistics public information data. The population estimates used as the denominator for rate calculations are also shown.|
|Variables:||You can limit and index your data by any and all of these variables:|
|How?||The Request screen has sections to guide you through the
making a data request as step-by-step process.
However, to get your first taste of how the system works,
you might want to simply press any Send button,
and execute the default data request.
The data results for your query appear on the Table screen.
After you get your data results, try the Chart and Map screens.
Or export your data to a file (tab-delimited line listing) for download to your computer.
For more information, see the following:
Quick Start Guide;
Step 1, Organize and label results;
Step 2, Select location and time;
Step 3, Select demographics;
Step 4, Select cancers of interest;
Step 5, Other Options.
|'By-Variables'||Select variables that serve as keys (indexes) for organizing your data.
See How do I organize my data? for more information.
Note: To map your data, you must select at least one geographical location as a "By-Variable" for grouping your data, such as State or MSA.
|Help:||Click on any button labeled "Help", located to the right hand side of the screen at the top of each section. Each control's label, such as the "Location" label next to the Location entry box, is linked to the on-line help for that item.|
|Send:||Sends your data request to be processed on the CDC WONDER databases. The Send buttons are located on the bottom of the Request page, and also in the upper right corner of each section, for easy access.|
|Group Results By:||Select up to five variables that serve as keys for grouping your data. See Group Results By below for hints.|
|Include Crude Rates:||Select the checkbox to include Crude Rates in your report.|
|Title:||Enter any desired description to display as a title with your results.|
The following statistical measures are available as query results:
Select up to five variables that serve as keys for grouping your data. For example, you could select to group (summarize, stratify, index) your data by Location (State or MSA) and Race.
Cancer deaths are based on information from all death certificates in the 50 states and the District of Columbia and processed by the National Vital Statistics System (NVSS) at the National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS).
Age-adjusted rates are calculated with age distribution ratios from the Year 2000 "standard million" population, and the rates are shown per 100,000 population.
An age-adjusted rate is a weighted average of the age-specific (crude) rates, where the weights are the proportions of persons in the corresponding age groups of a standard million population. The potential confounding effect of age is reduced when comparing age-adjusted rates computed using the same standard million population.
For more information on how age-adjusted rates are calculated, see:
The age-adjusted rate is calculated by multiplying the age-specific rate for each age group by the corresponding weight from the specified standard population, then summing across all age groups, and then multiplying this result by 100,000.
Age-Adjusted Rate = (Sum of (Each Age Specific Rate * Each Standard Population Weight) )* 100,000
The age-specific rate is the number of incidents for a given age group, divided by the population of that age group.
|Number of incidents in age group|
|Age Specific Rate =|| |
|Population of age group|
The "standard population weight" for an age group is calculated by dividing the population for the age group by the sum of the populations for all of the age groups in the query.
|Population for age group|
|Standard Population Weight =|| |
|Sum of populations for all age groups|
What standard population weights are used for age-adjusted rate calculations?
Note that the weights used to calculate age-adjusted rates are derived from the specific populations selected as data request criteria. For example, if you limit your request to specific age groups, then the weights are calculated to represent the selected population.
What are the age-specific populations for the standard populations?
Refer to the following tables to see the age-specific populations for the various "standard million" populations.
|2000 US Standard Million Population|
Standard Age Group Population Weight 00-00 years 13,818 0.013818 01-04 years 55,317 0.055317 05-09 years 72,533 0.072533 10-14 years 73,032 0.073032 15-19 years 72,169 0.072169 20-24 years 66,478 0.066478 25-29 years 64,529 0.064529 30-34 years 71,044 0.071044 35-39 years 80,762 0.080762 40-44 years 81,851 0.081851 45-49 years 72,118 0.072118 50-54 years 62,716 0.062716 55-59 years 48,454 0.048454 60-64 years 38,793 0.038793 65-69 years 34,264 0.034264 70-74 years 31,773 0.031773 75-79 years 26,999 0.026999 80-84 years 17,842 0.017842 85+ years 15,508 0.015508
|1970 US Standard Million Population|
Standard Age Group Population Weight 00-00 years 17,151 0.017151 01-04 years 67,265 0.067265 05-09 years 98,204 0.098204 10-14 years 102,304 0.102304 20-24 years 80,561 0.080561 25-39 years 66,320 0.066320 30-34 years 56,249 0.056249 35-39 years 54,656 0.054656 40-44 years 58,958 0.058958 45-49 years 59,622 0.059622 50-54 years 54,643 0.054643 55-59 years 49,077 0.049077 60-64 years 42,403 0.042403 65-69 years 34,406 0.034406 70-74 years 26,789 0.026789 75-79 years 18,871 0.018871 80-84 years 11,241 0.011241 85+ years 7,435 0.007435
|1940 US Standard Million Population|
Standard Age Group Population Weight 00-00 years 15,343 0.015343 01-04 years 64,718 0.064718 05-09 years 81,147 0.081147 10-14 years 89,208 0.089208 15-19 years 93,670 0.093670 20-24 years 88,007 0.088007 25-29 years 84,277 0.084277 30-34 years 77,789 0.077789 35-39 years 72,495 0.072495 40-44 years 66,742 0.066742 45-49 years 62,697 0.062697 50-54 years 55,114 0.055114 55-59 years 44,383 0.044383 60-64 years 35,911 0.035911 65-69 years 28,911 0.028911 70-74 years 19,515 0.019515 75-79 years 11,422 0.011422 80-84 years 5,881 0.005881 85+ years 2,770 0.002770
|2000 World Standard Million Population|
Standard Age Group Population Weight 00-00 years 24,000 0.024000 01-04 years 96,000 0.096000 05-09 years 100,000 0.100000 10-14 years 90,000 0.090000 15-19 years 90,000 0.090000 20-24 years 80,000 0.080000 25-29 years 80,000 0.080000 30-34 years 60,000 0.060000 35-39 years 60,000 0.060000 40-44 years 60,000 0.060000 45-49 years 60,000 0.060000 50-54 years 50,000 0.050000 55-59 years 40,000 0.040000 60-64 years 40,000 0.040000 65-69 years 30,000 0.030000 70-74 years 20,000 0.020000 75-79 years 10,000 0.010000 80-84 years 5,000 0.005000 85+ years 5,000 0.005000
The 95% confidence intervals calculated for age-adjusted rates use the Chi Square or Gamma distribution method. The 1994-2004 data use the Tiwari method, see "Efficient interval estimation for age-adjusted cancer rates" by Ram C. Tiwari, Limin X. Clegg and Zhaohui Zou, published Statistical Methods in Medical Research 2006; 15: 547-569.
Crude Rates are optional. Select the checkbox on the Request page to include Crude Rates in your report.
Crude Rates are expressed as the number of cases reported each calendar year per 100,000 population.
Crude Rate = Count / Population * 100,000
The population estimates for the denominators of rates are race-specific (all races, white, black, and Asian/ Pacific Islander) and sex-specific county population estimates aggregated to the state or metropolitan area level. See Population Denominator Data Sources below for more information.Notes:
Select the location(s) for the query. Any number of locations can be specified here. However, you can only request data from one of the lists, State or Metropolitan Statistical Area (MSA). Be sure the button for State or MSA is set to your choice.
Select All ages or any combination of the individual age groups.
|1||< 1 year|
The following table shows the age group code values and descriptions, as specified for data export.
Code Description F Female M Male
Select All or any combination of values.
|A-PI||Asian or Pacific Islander|
|2054-5||Black or African American|
|2131-1||Other Races Combined|
|Female Genital System [47-53]|
|Cervix Uteri |
|Corpus Uteri |
|Uterus, NOS |
|Other Female Genital Organs |
|Male Genital System [54-57]|
|Other Male Genital Organs |
|Female Breast [46F]|
|Male Breast [46M]|
|Female Breast, In Situ [92F]|
|Male Breast, In Situ [92M]|
The following table shows the Cancer Site code values and descriptions, as specified for data export.
Code Description 1-10 Oral Cavity and Pharynx [1-10] 1 Lip  2 Tongue  3 Salivary Gland  4 Floor of Mouth  5 Gum and Other Mouth  6 Nasopharynx  7 Tonsil  8 Oropharynx  9 Hypopharynx  10 Other Oral Cavity and Pharynx  11-36 Digestive System [11-36] 11 Esophagus  12 Stomach  13 Small Intestine  15-26 Colon and Rectum [15-26] 15-23 Colon excluding Rectum [15-23] 15 Cecum  16 Appendix  17 Ascending Colon  18 Hepatic Flexure  19 Transverse Colon  20 Splenic Flexure  21 Descending Colon  22 Sigmoid Colon  23 Large Intestine, NOS  25-26 Rectum and Rectosigmoid Junction [25-26] 25 Rectosigmoid Junction  26 Rectum  27 Anus, Anal Canal and Anorectum  29-30 Liver and Intrahepatic Bile Duct [29-30] 29 Liver  30 Intrahepatic Bile Duct  31 Gallbladder  32 Other Biliary  33 Pancreas  34 Retroperitoneum  35 Peritoneum, Omentum and Mesentery  36 Other Digestive Organs  37-41 Respiratory System [37-41] 37 Nose, Nasal Cavity and Middle Ear  38 Larynx  39 Lung and Bronchus  40 Pleura  41 Trachea, Mediastinum and Other Respiratory Organs  42 Bones and Joints  43 Soft Tissue including Heart  44-45 Skin excluding Basal and Squamous [44-45] 44 Melanoma of the Skin  45 Other Non-Epithelial Skin  46 Breast  * 46F Female Breast [46F] * 46M Male Breast [46M] * 47-53 Female Genital System [47-53] 47 Cervix Uteri  48 Corpus Uteri  49 Uterus, NOS  50 Ovary  51 Vagina  52 Vulva  53 Other Female Genital Organs  54-57 Male Genital System [54-57] 54 Prostate  55 Testis  56 Penis  57 Other Male Genital Organs  58-61 Urinary System [58-61] 58 Urinary Bladder  ¶ 59 Kidney and Renal Pelvis  60 Ureter  61 Other Urinary Organs  62 Eye and Orbit  63-64 Brain and Other Nervous System [63-64] 63 Brain  64 Cranial Nerves Other Nervous System  65-66 Endocrine System [65-66] 65 Thyroid  66 Other Endocrine including Thymus  68-72 Lymphomas [68-72] 68-69 Hodgkin lymphoma [68-69] 68 Hodgkin - Nodal  69 Hodgkin - Extranodal  71-72 Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma [71-72] 71 NHL - Nodal  72 NHL - Extranodal  73 Myeloma  74-85,89 Leukemias [74-85,89] 74 Acute Lymphocytic Leukemia  75 Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia  77 Acute Myeloid Leukemia  78 Chronic Myeloid Leukemia  76,80,83,85,89 Other Leukemias [76,80,83,85,89] 76 Other Lymphocytic Leukemia  80 Acute Monocytic Leukemia  83 Other Acute Leukemia  85 Aleukemic, Subleukemic and NOS  89 Other Myeloid/Monocytic Leukemia  87 Mesothelioma  88 Kaposi Sarcoma  86 Miscellaneous  92 In Situ Breast Cancer  * 92F Female Breast, In Situ [92F] * 92M Male Breast, In Situ [92M] * Notes: ¶   Urinary Bladder includes invasive and in situ. *   Data for in situ Breast Cancers are listed separately from Breast Cancers and not included in the "all sites" category.
The following table shows the Leading Cancer Sites code values and descriptions, as specified for data export.
Code Description 00 All Sites Combined * 63-64 Brain and Other Nervous System 46 Breast * 47 Cervix Uteri 15-26 Colon and Rectum 48 Corpus Uteri 11 Esophagus 31 Gallbladder 59 Kidney and Renal Pelvis 38 Larynx 74-89 Leukemias 29 Liver 39 Lung and Bronchus 44 Melanoma of the Skin 73 Myeloma 71-72 Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma 1-10 Oral Cavity and Pharynx 50 Ovary 33 Pancreas 54 Prostate 12 Stomach 65 Thyroid 58 Urinary Bladder ¶ Notes:   ¶ Urinary Bladder includes invasive and in situ.   * Data for in situ Breast Cancers are listed separately from Breast Cancers and not included in the "all sites" category.
|Export Results:||If checked, then query results are exported to a local file. More information on how to import this file into other applications can be found here.|
|Show Totals:||If checked totals and sub-totals will appear in the results table.|
|Show Zero Values:||If checked, then rows containing zero counts (no deaths) will appear in the results table. If unchecked, zero count rows are suppressed.|
|Precision:||Select the precision for rate calculations. When the rate calculated for a small numerator (death count) is zero, you may increase the precision to reveal the rate by showing more numbers to the right of the decimal point.|
|Data Access Timeout:||This value specifies the maximum time to wait for the data access for a query to complete. If the data access takes too long to complete, a message will be displayed and you can increase the timeout or simplify your request. If you can't complete a request using the maximum timeout, contact user support and we will try to run a custom data request for you.|
|Standard Populations for Age-Adjusted Rates:||Select the standard population used to calculate age-adjusted rates. See Age-Adjusted Rates for more information.|
The United States Cancer Statistics (USCS) are the official federal statistics on cancer incidence from registries having high-quality data and cancer mortality statistics for 50 states and the District of Columbia. USCS are produced by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and the National Cancer Institute (NCI), in collaboration with the North American Association of Central Cancer Registries (NAACCR).
Mortality data are produced by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS), National Vital Statistics System (NVSS).
To learn more about the methods and source of these data please refer to:
|Population Data Sources:||
The population estimates for the denominators of mortality rates
are race-specific (all races, white, black, and Asian/ Pacific Islander)
and sex-specific county population estimates aggregated to the state or metropolitan area level.
The population estimates are a slight modification of the annual time series of July 1 county population estimates
(by age, sex, race, and Hispanic origin) produced by the Population Estimates Program of the U.S. Bureau of the Census (Census Bureau)
with support from the National Cancer Institute (NCI) through an interagency agreement.
For more information on the Census Bureau's population estimates and documentation of the procedures used to develop them, see SEER - US Population Data.
|Suggested Data Source Citations:||United States Cancer Mortality Statistics: 1999-2004, WONDER On-line Database. United States Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention; August 2008.|
|Contact:||Contact CDC's Cancer Prevention and Control division at http://www.cdc.gov/cancer/comments.htm or e-mail CancerInfo@cdc.gov.|
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