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Scientific Data Documentation

Anthropometric Data (1976-1980)

DSN: CC37.HANES2.ANTHRO


ABSTRACT


              HEALTH AND NUTRITION EXAMINATION SURVEY II, 1976-1980


 CONTENTS


  I.  Background

      A.  NHANES II 1976-1980

          1.  Description of Survey

          2.  Target Population

          3.  Data Collection Techniques and Content

      B.  Use of NHANES Data

      C.  Editing of the data sets

      D.  Use of sample weights

      E.  Sample Design, Variance Estimation, and
          Hypothesis testing


  I.  GENERAL NOTES

      A.  DEMOGRAPHIC INFORMATION



 II.  DATA DESCRIPTION


      A.  INDEX

      B.  Record Layout

          1.  Demographic Data

          2.  Detailed Notes

Use of NHANES Data
 NCHS requests the cooperation of recipients of data tapes in certain actions
 related to their use:

    1.  Any publication based on the data should acknowledge the National
        Center for Health Statistics (NCHS) as the original source.It should
        include a disclaimer which credits the authors for any analyses,
        interpretations, or conclusions, and not NCHS, which is responsible
        only for the data.

    2.  Consumers who wish to publish a technical description of the data
        should make a reasonable effort to ensure that the description is not
        inconsistent with that published by NCHS.This does not mean, however,
        that NCHS will review such descriptions.

    3.  The National Center for Health Statistics would appreciate receiving
        reprints of journal articles or other publications based upon find-
        ings from the NHANES II survey.  Please forward copies to:

              Division of Health Examination Statistics
              National Center for Health Statistics
              Center Building, Room 2-58,
              3700 East-West Highway
              Hyattsville, Maryland   20782

Editing of the Data Sets
 The data users' tapes have been subjected to a great deal of careful editing.
 Some of the continuous data items have extremely high or low values and it
 has been verified that they do in fact appear that way on the original inter-
 view documents; that is, it has been verified that the values have not been
 incorrectly keyed.Within each data tape numerous consistency checks have been
 performed.  However, due to the large volume of data collected in the survey,
 it is likely that a small number of errors or discrepancies remain undetected
 . The Division of Health Examination Statistics, NCHS would appreciate if any
 such errors are detected that they be brought to our attention so that errata
 sheets can be issued to previous purchasers and corrections made if new data
 tapes are created.


BACKGROUND
Description of Survey
 Description of Survey:  A detailed description of the design, content,ques-
 tionnaires, and operation of NHANES II is provided in the following report:
 Plan and Operation of the Second Health and Nutrition Examination Survey,
 1976-1980, DHHS Pub. No.  (PHS) 81-1317 Series 1, No. 15, Public Health
 Service, Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office,
 Washington, D.C. 20402. The stock number is 017-022-00752-5 and the cost is
 $5.50.  One copy is provided with the documentation herein, and a general
 summary of the data collection techniques and content is given in Appendix A.
DESCRIPTION OF POPULATION
 Target Population:NHANES II was conducted on a nationwide probability sample
 of approximately 28,000 persons, ages 6 months-74 years, from the civilian,
 noninstitutionalized population of the United States. The survey started in
 February 1976 and was completed in February 1980. The NHANES II sample was
 selected so that certain population groups thought to be at high risk of
 malnutrition (persons with low incomes, preschool children and the elderly)
 were oversampled. Adjusted sampling weights were then computed for 76 age,
 sex,and race categories in order to inflate the sample in such a manner as to
 closely reflect the estimated civilian noninstitutionalized U.S. population
 ages 6 months-74 years at the midpoint of the survey (March 1, 1978).


METHODS

Use of Sample Weights
 NHANES II uses a multistage sample designed to represent the civilian
 noninstitutionalized population of the United States,6 months-74 years of age
 . Since the sample is not a simple random one, it is necessary to incorporate
 the person's sample weight for proper analysis of the data.The sample weight
 is a composite of the individual selection probability, adjustments for
 nonresponese, and poststratification adjustments.

 NHANES II provides information on 20,322 interviewed and examined individuals
 . In addition to the general examination components, several more detailed
 examinations were performed on subsamples of the population.  Therefore,
 instead of there being one sample weight per person,there are several sample
 weights for each person.  If a person was not selected for a particular
 subsample, their associated subsample weight is zero.  When analyzing the
 special subsamples, the analyst must be careful to select the appropriate
 sampling weight from the weights found in tape locations 282-317. For a more
 complete description of how the sample weights are calculated, see the
 detailed note section of this documentation.

Sample Design, Variance Estimation, and Hypothesis Testing

 The data collected in the Second National Health and Nutrition Examination
 Survey (NHANES II) were obtained through a complex sample design involving
 both clustering and stratification.Because of the complex design and the
 ratio adjustments applied to the sample weights (see previous section on use
 of sample weights), the direct application of standard statistical analysis
 methods for variance estimation and hypothesis testing may be very misleading
 .The modification of statistical analysis procedures to incorporate the
 effects of complex survey designs is an important area of research;however,
 the current methodologies appropriate for the analysis of data from such
 surveys have not been made readily available in the standard packaged
 statistical software.

 There are computer programs available which do provide the capability of
 variance estimation for complex sample designs.  The balanced repeated
 replication approach 1/ is utilized in &REPERR-&PSALMS-OSIRIS.IV 2/ to
 calculate the variance-covariance matrix.SESUDAAN, SURREGR 3/ and SUPERCARP
 4/ are programs that calculate the variance-covariance matrix using the
 linearization approach 5/ (Taylor series expansion).

 In order to provide the user with the capability of estimating the complex
 sample variances in the NHANES II data using the above procedures, we have
 provided Strata and Pseudo Primary Sampling Unit (PSU) codes on all data
 tapes in positions 324-326. These variables and the sample weights are
 necessary for the calculation of variances.

 Even though the overall number of examined persons in this survey is quite
 large for statistical inference purposes, subclass analyses can lead to
 estimaters that are unstable, particularly estimates of variances.
 Consequently, analyses of subclasses require that the user pay particular
 attention to the coefficient of variation for the estimates of means,
 proportions and totals.In addition, small sample sizes, or a small number
 of PSU's used in the variance calculations may produce unstable estimates
 of the variances using the above computer programs.

 An NCHS Series 2 publication discussing these issues is in publication.6/


DEMOGRAPHIC DATA INFORMATION

General Information

 An advance letter, announcing the forthcoming arrival of an interviewer from
 the U.S.Bureau of the Census,was mailed to each household that fell into the
 NHANES II probability sample.  The interviewer subsequently visited the
 household to ascertain its composition and to administer a questionnaire,the
 primary purpose of which was to obtain demographic information.  The
 questionnaire was administered to each potential sample person in each
 household that was available and competent enough to respond to questions.In
 the event that a potential sample person was not at home at the time of
 interview, any responsible adult in the household was asked to respond to
 the questions for the absent person.


Demographic Data Summary - NHANES II
                                                                Tape Positions

 Sample Sequence Number                                                 1- 5
 Catalog Number (5371-for Demographic Data only)                        6- 9
 Data user work area                                                      10
 Size of place                                                            11
 SMSA-not SMSA                                                            12
 Data user work area                                                   13-23
 Type of living quarters                                                  24
 Land usage                                                         25
 If rural, asked does this place have 10 acres or more?                   26
 If 10 acres or more, asked if in the last 12 months did sales
   of farm produce and livestock amount to $50 or more?                   27
 If 10 acres or more, asked to $250 or more?                              28
 Data user work area                                                      29
 Total number of persons in household                                  30-31
 Total number of sample persons in household                           32-33

 Sample Person Data
                                                                Tape Positions

 Data user work area                                                      34
 Family relationship                                                      35
 Data user work area                                                      36
 Family unit number                                                    37-41
 Data user work area                                                   42-44
 Age-months (at interview)                                             45-46
 Age-years (at interview)                                              47-48
 Data user work area                                                   49-50
 Date of birth-month                                                   51-52
 Date of birth-year                                                    53-54
 Sex                                                            55
 Race                                                            56
 In what state was he/she born?                                        57-58
 Is he/she married, widowed, divorced, separated or
   never married?                                                         59
 Natural origin or ancestry                                            60-61
 Education level                                                       62-63
 Grade completed                                                          64
 What was he/she doing during most of the past 12 months?                 65
 What was he/she doing?                                                   66
 Did he/she work at a job or business at any time during the
   past three months?                                                     67
 Did he/she work full or part-time when working?                          68
 Was he/she working within last two weeks not counting work
   around the house?                                                      69
 Even though he/she did not work, does he/she have a job or
   business?                                                          70
 Was he/she looking for work or on layoff from a job?                     71
 Which, looking for work or on layoff from a job?                         72
 What kind of industry or business is this?                           73- 75
 What kind of work was he/she doing?                                  76- 78
 Was he/she in private company or business or individual for
   wages, salary or commission?                                           79
 Did he/she ever serve in the armed forces of the U.S.?                   80
 When did he/she serve?                                                   81
 Data user work area                                                  82- 90

 Household Data
                                                                Tape Positions

 How many rooms are in this...? Count the kitchen, but not the bath       91
 How many bedrooms are in this...?                                        92
 Ask only of unrelated household members.  Do you have complete
   kitchen facilities in your living quarters, that is a kitchen
   sink with piped water, a refrigerator and a range or cookstove?        93
 Do you have access to complete kitchen facilities in this
   house?                                                       94
 Do you have access to a range or cookstove?                              95
 Do you have access to a refrigerator?                                    96
 Do you have access to a sink with piped water?                           97
 Is there piped water in this house (these living quarters)?              98
 Is there both hot and cold water?                                        99
 Are these kitchen facilities used by anyone not living in
   this household?                                                       100
 What is the main type of heating system you have?                     101-102
 Do you have air conditioning?                                           103
 How many motor vehicles are owned or regularly used for
  transportation by members of your family?                              104
  Is any language other than English spoken by family members
   living here?                                                          105
 What language?                                                          106
 Which of these income groups represents your total combined
   family income for the past 12 months?                               107-108
 During the past 12 months, how much money did you and
   all members of your family receive in wages or salaries
   before deductions (under $7,000 only)?                              109-112
 Social security or railroad retirement?                                  113
 Data user work area                                                      114
 If yes, how much?                                                    115-118
 Welfare payments or other public assistance?                             119
 Data user work area                                                      120
 If yes, how much?                                                    121-124
 Unemployment compensation or workmen's compensation?                     125
 Data user work area                                                      126
 If yes, how much?                                                    127-130
 Government employee pension or private pensions?                         131
 Data user work area                                                      132
 If yes, how much?                                                    133-136
 Dividends, interest or rent?                                             137
 Data user work area                                                      138
 If yes, how much?                                                    139-142
 Net income from their own business (nonfarm)
   professional practice, or partnership?                                 143
 Data user work area                                                      144
 If yes, how much?                                                    145-148
 Net income from a farm?                                                  149
 Data user work area                                                      150
 If yes, how much?                                                    151-154
 Veteran's payments?                                                      155
 Data user work area                                                      156
 If yes, how much?                                                    157-160
 Alimony, child support or other support from persons not
   in household?                                                          161
 Data user work area                                                      162
 If yes, how much?                                                    163-166
 Any other income?                                                        167
 Data user work area                                                      168
 If yes, how much?                                                    169-172
 Total amount                                                       173-176
 Check Item B                                                           177
 Are you certified to participate in the food stamp program?              178
 Are you buying food stamps now?                                          179
 What is the main reason you are not participating in the
   program?                                                         180
 Are you certified for commodity distribution program?                    181
 Are you receiving commodity foods now for your family?                   182
 Why aren't you participating in the program?                             183
 Date of exam                                                       184-189
 Age in years (at examination)                                        190-191
 Data user work area                                                  192-205
 Race-sex recode for sample persons                                       206
 Farm, nonfarm recode for sample person                                   207
 Interview status                                                         208
 Region                                                     209
 Poverty index                                                        210-212
 Data user work area                                                  213-246

 Head of Household Data
                                                                Tape Positions

 Age in years                                                       247-248
 Data user work area                                                  249-250
 Date of birth-month                                                  251-252
 Date of birth-year                                                   253-254
 Sex                                                            255
 Race                                                            256
 In what state was he/she born?                                       257-258
 Is he/she married, widowed, divorced, separated or
   never married?                                                         259
 Natural origin or ancestry?                                          260-261
 Education level                                                      262-263
 Grade completed                                                          264
 What was he/she doing during most of the past 12 months?                 265
 What was he/she doing?                                                   266
 Did he/she work at a job or business at any time during the
   past three months?                                                     267
 Did he/she work full or part-time when working?                          268
 Was he/she working within last two weeks not counting work
   around the house?                                                      269
 Even though he/she did not work, does he/she have a job or
   business?                                                          270
 Was he/she looking for work or on layoff from a job?                     271
 Which?, looking for work or on layoff from a job?                        272
 Type of industry or business                                         273-275
 What kind of work was he/she doing?                                  276-278
 Was he/she in private company or business or individual for
   wages, salary or commission?                                           279
 Did he/she ever serve in the armed forces of the U.S.?                   280
 When did he/she serve?                                                   281

 Sample Weights
                                                                Tape Positions

 Examined final weight                                                282-287
 Medical history interview final weight                               288-293
 Glucose Tolerance Test final examined weight                         294-299
 Lead final examined weight                                           300-305
 Carboxyhemoglobin final examined weight                              306-311
 Bile acids final examined weight                                     312-317
 Data user work area                                                  318-323
 Strata code                                                      324-325
 Pseudo PSU code                                                          326
 Poverty, Nonpoverty segments                                             327
  (Not coded on Intake, Recall, Anthro and Glucose tapes)
 Data user work area                                                  328-350

2Use of Special Terms
                               Demographic Data

                             Use of Special Terms


 The term "data user work area" refers to blank areas in the data tape which
 are reserved for the user as needed.

 The term "blank, but applicable",is used to indicate a data item that was to
 have a response for a sample person but none was given. The terms "blank" and
 "Not applicable"refer to data items where the sample person was not supposed
 to respond to the question or receive the examination component.

 To more fully understand the questionnaire skip patterns and the
 categorizations used,see the Plan and Operation of the Second National Health
 and Nutrition Examination Survey document included with this documentation.
 All the questionnaires are included in this document.

Demographic Data - Record Layout

 001-005. Sample Sequence Number
 TAPE                                      ** CONTROL  NHANES II DATA SOURCE
 LOC.   ITEM DESCRIPTION & CODES              COUNTS         OR NOTES

 001-   Sample Sequence Number
 005    00001-27796

 006-009. Catalog Number
 TAPE                                      ** CONTROL  NHANES II DATA SOURCE
 LOC.   ITEM DESCRIPTION & CODES              COUNTS         OR NOTES

 006-   Catalog Number
 009    5371

 010. Data User Work Area
 TAPE                                      ** CONTROL  NHANES II DATA SOURCE
 LOC.   ITEM DESCRIPTION & CODES              COUNTS         OR NOTES

 010    Data User Work Area

 011. Size of Place
 TAPE                                      ** CONTROL  NHANES II DATA SOURCE
 LOC.   ITEM DESCRIPTION & CODES              COUNTS         OR NOTES

 011    Size of Place                                  See Detailed Notes

        1 - Urbanized area with 3,000,000 or
            more
        2 - Urbanized area 1,000,000 to
            2,999,999
        3 - Urbanized area with 250,000 to
            999,999
        4 - Urbanized area under 250,000
        5 - Urban place 25,000 or more outside
            urbanized area
        6 - Urban place 10,000-24,999 outside
            urbanized area
        7 - Urban place 2,500 to 9,999 outside
            urbanized area
        8 - Rural

 012. SMSA - Not SMSA
 TAPE                                      ** CONTROL  NHANES II DATA SOURCE
 LOC.   ITEM DESCRIPTION & CODES              COUNTS         OR NOTES

 012    SMSA-Not SMSA                                   See Detailed Notes

        1 - In SMSA, in central city
        2 - In SMSA, not in central city
        4 - Not in SMSA

 013-023. Data User Work Area
 TAPE                                      ** CONTROL  NHANES II DATA SOURCE
 LOC.   ITEM DESCRIPTION & CODES              COUNTS         OR NOTES

 013-   Data User Work Area
 023

 024. Type of Living Quarters
 TAPE                                      ** CONTROL  NHANES II DATA SOURCE
 LOC.   ITEM DESCRIPTION & CODES              COUNTS         OR NOTES

 024    Type of living quarters

        1 - Housing unit
        2 - Other unit

 025. Land Usage
 TAPE                                      ** CONTROL  NHANES II DATA SOURCE
 LOC.   ITEM DESCRIPTION & CODES              COUNTS         OR NOTES

 025    Land Usage

        1 - Urban
        2 - Rural

 026. If Rural, Does Place have 10 Acres or More?
 TAPE                                      ** CONTROL  NHANES II DATA SOURCE
 LOC.   ITEM DESCRIPTION & CODES              COUNTS         OR NOTES

 026    If rural, asked does this place have
        10 acres or more?

        1 - Yes
        2 - No
        9 - Not Applicable

 027. If 10 Acres or More, was Farm Produce/Livestock >= $50?
 TAPE                                      ** CONTROL  NHANES II DATA SOURCE
 LOC.   ITEM DESCRIPTION & CODES              COUNTS         OR NOTES

 027    If 10 acres or more, asked if in the
        last 12 months did sales of farm produce
        and livestock amount to $50 or more?

        1 - Yes
        2 - No
        9 - Not Applicable

 028. If Less than 10 Acres, was Farm Produce/Livestock >= $250?
 TAPE                                      ** CONTROL  NHANES II DATA SOURCE
 LOC.   ITEM DESCRIPTION & CODES              COUNTS         OR NOTES

 028    If less than 10 acres, asked if in the
        last 12 months did sales or farm produce
        and livestock amount to $250 or more?

        1 - Yes
        2 - No
        9 - Not Applicable

 029. Data User Work Area
 TAPE                                      ** CONTROL  NHANES II DATA SOURCE
 LOC.   ITEM DESCRIPTION & CODES              COUNTS         OR NOTES

 029    Data User Work Area

 030-031. Total Number of Persons in Household
 TAPE                                      ** CONTROL  NHANES II DATA SOURCE
 LOC.   ITEM DESCRIPTION & CODES              COUNTS         OR NOTES

 030-   Total Number Of Persons In Household
 031
        01 - 15 - As given

 032-033. Total Number of Sample Persons in Household
 TAPE                                      ** CONTROL  NHANES II DATA SOURCE
 LOC.   ITEM DESCRIPTION & CODES              COUNTS         OR NOTES

 032-   Total Number Of Sample Persons In
 033    Household

        01 - 06 - As Given


 Sample Person Data (Tape Loc. 034-090)

 034. Data User Work Area
 TAPE                                      ** CONTROL  NHANES II DATA SOURCE
 LOC.   ITEM DESCRIPTION & CODES              COUNTS         OR NOTES

 034    Data User Work Area

 035. Family Relationship
 TAPE                                      ** CONTROL  NHANES II DATA SOURCE
 LOC.   ITEM DESCRIPTION & CODES              COUNTS         OR NOTES

 035    Family Relationship

        1 - Head one person living alone or
            with non-relatives
        2 - Head 2 or more related persons in
            family
        3 - Wife
        4 - Child
        5 - Other relative
        6 - Foster child
        7 - Husband

 036. Examination Status
 TAPE                                      ** CONTROL  NHANES II DATA SOURCE
 LOC.   ITEM DESCRIPTION & CODES              COUNTS         OR NOTES

 036    Examination Status

        1 - Examined

 037-041. Family Unit Code
 TAPE                                      ** CONTROL  NHANES II DATA SOURCE
 LOC.   ITEM DESCRIPTION & CODES              COUNTS         OR NOTES

 037-   Family Unit Code                               See Detailed Notes
 041
        00001-21050 - As Given

 042-044. Data User Work Area
 TAPE                                      ** CONTROL  NHANES II DATA SOURCE
 LOC.   ITEM DESCRIPTION & CODES              COUNTS         OR NOTES

 042-   Data User Work Area
 044

 045-046. Age-Months
 TAPE                                      ** CONTROL  NHANES II DATA SOURCE
 LOC.   ITEM DESCRIPTION & CODES              COUNTS         OR NOTES

 045-   Age-Months                                        At Interview
 046
        06-11 Months
        Blank, if greater than 11 months

 047-048. Age-Years
 TAPE                                      ** CONTROL  NHANES II DATA SOURCE
 LOC.   ITEM DESCRIPTION & CODES              COUNTS         OR NOTES

 047-   Age-Years                                         At Interview
 048
        01 - 74 Years
             00, If less than 12 months

 049-050. Data User Work Area
 TAPE                                      ** CONTROL  NHANES II DATA SOURCE
 LOC.   ITEM DESCRIPTION & CODES              COUNTS         OR NOTES

 049-   Data User Work Area
 050

 051-052. Date-of-Birth-Month
 TAPE                                      ** CONTROL  NHANES II DATA SOURCE
 LOC.   ITEM DESCRIPTION & CODES              COUNTS         OR NOTES

 051-   Date-Of-Birth-Month
 052
        01 - 12 Month

 053-054. Date-of-Birth-Year
 TAPE                                      ** CONTROL  NHANES II DATA SOURCE
 LOC.   ITEM DESCRIPTION & CODES              COUNTS         OR NOTES

 053-   Date-Of-Birth-Year
 054
        01 - 79 Year

 055. Sex
 TAPE                                      ** CONTROL  NHANES II DATA SOURCE
 LOC.   ITEM DESCRIPTION & CODES              COUNTS         OR NOTES

 055    Sex

        1 - Male
        2 - Female

 056. Race
 TAPE                                      ** CONTROL  NHANES II DATA SOURCE
 LOC.   ITEM DESCRIPTION & CODES              COUNTS         OR NOTES

 056    Race                                            See Detailed Notes

        1 - White
        2 - Black
        3 - Other

 057-058. In What State was He/She Born?
 TAPE                                      ** CONTROL  NHANES II DATA SOURCE
 LOC.   ITEM DESCRIPTION & CODES              COUNTS         OR NOTES

 057-   In what state was he/she born?                  See Detailed Notes
 058
        01 - 97
        88 - Blank, but applicable

 059. Is He/She Married,Widowed,Divorced,Separated,Never Married?
 TAPE                                      ** CONTROL  NHANES II DATA SOURCE
 LOC.   ITEM DESCRIPTION & CODES              COUNTS         OR NOTES

 059    Is he/she married, widowed, divorced,
        separated, or never married?

        1 - Under 17
        2 - Married
        3 - Widowed
        4 - Divorced
        5 - Separated
        6 - Never married
        8 - Blank, but applicable

 060-061. Natural Origin or Ancestry
 TAPE                                      ** CONTROL  NHANES II DATA SOURCE
 LOC.   ITEM DESCRIPTION & CODES              COUNTS         OR NOTES

 060-   Natural Origin or Ancestry
 061
        01 - Countries of Central or South
             America
        02 - Chicano
        03 - Cuban
        04 - Mexican
        05 - Mexicano
        06 - Mexican-American
        07 - Puerto Rican
        08 - Other Spanish
        09 - Other European, such as German,
             French, English, Irish
        10 - Black, Negro or Afro-American
        11 - American Indian or Alaskan Native
        12 - Asian or Pacific Islander Such as
             Chinese, Japanese, Korean,
             Philippino, Samoan
        13 - Another Group Not Listed
        88 - Blank, but applicable

 062-063. Highest Grade of School Attended
 TAPE                                      ** CONTROL  NHANES II DATA SOURCE
 LOC.   ITEM DESCRIPTION & CODES              COUNTS         OR NOTES

 062-   Highest Grade Of School Attended
 063
        00 - None (regardless of age)
        21 - 28 - Elementary Grades (1-8)
        31 - 34 - High School (1-4)
        41 - 45 - College (1-5+)
        88 - Blank, but applicable

 064. Grade Completed
 TAPE                                      ** CONTROL  NHANES II DATA SOURCE
 LOC.   ITEM DESCRIPTION & CODES              COUNTS         OR NOTES

 064    Grade Completed

        1 - Yes
        2 - No
        8 - Blank, but applicable
        Blank

 065. What was He/She Doing During Most of the Past 12 Months?
 TAPE                                      ** CONTROL  NHANES II DATA SOURCE
 LOC.   ITEM DESCRIPTION & CODES              COUNTS         OR NOTES

 065    What was he/she doing during most of
        the past 12 months?

        1 - Working
        2 - Keeping house
        3 - Something else
        8 - Blank, but applicable
        Blank

 066. What was He/She Doing?
 TAPE                                      ** CONTROL  NHANES II DATA SOURCE
 LOC.   ITEM DESCRIPTION & CODES              COUNTS         OR NOTES

 066    What was he/she doing?

        1 - Layoff
        2 - Retired
        3 - Student
        4 - Ill
        5 - Staying home
        6 - Looking for work
        7 - Unable to work
        8 - Blank, but applicable
        0 - Other
        Blank

 067. Did He/She Work at a Job/Business any During Past 3 Months?
 TAPE                                      ** CONTROL  NHANES II DATA SOURCE
 LOC.   ITEM DESCRIPTION & CODES              COUNTS         OR NOTES

 067    Did he/she work at a job or business at
        any time during the past three months?

        1 - Yes
        2 - No
        8 - Blank, but applicable
        Blank

 068. Did He/She Work Full or Part-Time when Working?
 TAPE                                      ** CONTROL  NHANES II DATA SOURCE
 LOC.   ITEM DESCRIPTION & CODES              COUNTS         OR NOTES

 068    Did he/she work full or part-time when
        working?

        1 - Full time
        2 - Part time
        8 - Blank, but applicable
        Blank

 069. Was He/She Working Within Last 2 Wks. - Not Housework?
 TAPE                                      ** CONTROL  NHANES II DATA SOURCE
 LOC.   ITEM DESCRIPTION & CODES              COUNTS         OR NOTES

 069    Was he/she working within last two
        weeks not counting work around the
        house?

        1 - Yes
        2 - No
        8 - Blank, but applicable
        Blank

 070. Though He/She did Not Work Does He/She have Job/Business?
 TAPE                                      ** CONTROL  NHANES II DATA SOURCE
 LOC.   ITEM DESCRIPTION & CODES              COUNTS         OR NOTES

 070    Even though he/she did not work does
        he/she have a job or business?

        1 - Yes
        2 - No
        8 - Blank, but applicable
        Blank

 071. Was He/She Looking for Work or on Layoff from a Job?
 TAPE                                      ** CONTROL  NHANES II DATA SOURCE
 LOC.   ITEM DESCRIPTION & CODES              COUNTS         OR NOTES

 071    Was he/she looking for work or on
        layoff from a job?

        1 - Yes
        2 - No
        8 - Blank, but applicable
        Blank

 072. Which Looking for Work or on Layoff from a Job?
 TAPE                                      ** CONTROL  NHANES II DATA SOURCE
 LOC.   ITEM DESCRIPTION & CODES              COUNTS         OR NOTES

 072    Which looking for work or on layoff
        from a job?

        1 - Looking
        2 - Layoff
        3 - Both
        8 - Blank, but applicable
        Blank

 073-075. What Kind of Industry or Business in This?
 TAPE                                      ** CONTROL  NHANES II DATA SOURCE
 LOC.   ITEM DESCRIPTION & CODES              COUNTS         OR NOTES

 073-   What kind of industry or business is              See Detailed Notes
 075    this?

        017 - 998 (last digit 7, 8, 9)
        000 - Blank, but applicable
        Blank

 076-078. What Kind of Work was He/She Doing?
 TAPE                                      ** CONTROL  NHANES II DATA SOURCE
 LOC.   ITEM DESCRIPTION & CODES              COUNTS         OR NOTES

 076-   What kind of work was he/she doing?               See Detailed Notes
 078

        001 - 992 - Occupation (last digit
                    0-6)
        000 - Blank, but applicable
        Blank

 079. Was He/She in Private Co./Business or Working for Someone?
 TAPE                                      ** CONTROL  NHANES II DATA SOURCE
 LOC.   ITEM DESCRIPTION & CODES              COUNTS         OR NOTES

 079    Was he/she in private company or
        business or working for individual for
        wages, salary or commission?

        1 - Private
        2 - A Federal government employee
        3 - A State government employee
        4 - A local government employee
        5 - Incorporated-Own
        6 - Self-employed (or farm)
        7 - Working without pay in family
            business or farm
        8 - Never worked
        0 - Blank, but applicable
        Blank

 080. Did He/She Ever Serve in the Armed Forces of the U.S.?
 TAPE                                      ** CONTROL  NHANES II DATA SOURCE
 LOC.   ITEM DESCRIPTION & CODES              COUNTS         OR NOTES

 080    Did he/she ever serve in the armed
        forces of the U.S.?

        1 - Yes
        2 - No
        8 - Blank, but applicable
        Blank

 081. When did He/She Serve?
 TAPE                                      ** CONTROL  NHANES II DATA SOURCE
 LOC.   ITEM DESCRIPTION & CODES              COUNTS         OR NOTES

 081    When did he/she serve?

        1 - Vietnam
        2 - Korean War
        3 - World War II
        4 - World War I
        5 - Post Vietnam
        6 - Other Service
        8 - Blank, but applicable
        9 - Do not know
        Blank

 082-090. Data User Work Area
 TAPE                                      ** CONTROL  NHANES II DATA SOURCE
 LOC.   ITEM DESCRIPTION & CODES              COUNTS         OR NOTES

 082-   Data User Work Area
 090

 Household Data (Tape Loc. 091-246)

 091. How Many Rooms are in This ...?
 TAPE                                      ** CONTROL  NHANES II DATA SOURCE
 LOC.   ITEM DESCRIPTION & CODES              COUNTS         OR NOTES

 091    How many rooms are in this..?  Count
        the kitchen, but not the bath.

        1 - 8 Rooms
        9 - 9 Or More Rooms

 092. How Many Bedrooms are in This ...?
 TAPE                                      ** CONTROL  NHANES II DATA SOURCE
 LOC.   ITEM DESCRIPTION & CODES              COUNTS         OR NOTES

 092    How many bedrooms are in this - ?

        0 - 7 Bedrooms - More than 7 bedrooms
                         coded as 7

 093. Do You have Complete Kitchen Facilities?
 TAPE                                      ** CONTROL  NHANES II DATA SOURCE
 LOC.   ITEM DESCRIPTION & CODES              COUNTS         OR NOTES

 093    Ask only of unrelated household members.
        Do you have complete kitchen facilities
        in your living quarters, that is a
        kitchen sink with piped water, a
        refrigerator and a range or cookstove?

        1 - Yes
        2 - No
        Blank

 094. Do You have Access to Complete Kitchen Facilities in House?
 TAPE                                      ** CONTROL  NHANES II DATA SOURCE
 LOC.   ITEM DESCRIPTION & CODES              COUNTS         OR NOTES

 094    Do you have access to complete kitchen
        facilities in this house?

        1 - Yes
        2 - No
        8 - Blank, but applicable
        Blank

 095. Do You have Access to a Range or Cookstove?
 TAPE                                      ** CONTROL  NHANES II DATA SOURCE
 LOC.   ITEM DESCRIPTION & CODES              COUNTS         OR NOTES

 095    Do you have access to a range or
        cookstove?

        1 - Yes
        2 - No
        8 - Blank, but applicable
        Blank

 098. Is There Piped Water in This House?
 TAPE                                      ** CONTROL  NHANES II DATA SOURCE
 LOC.   ITEM DESCRIPTION & CODES              COUNTS         OR NOTES

 098    Is there piped water in this house
        (these living quarters)?

        1 - Yes
        2 - No
        8 - Blank, but applicable
        Blank

 099. Is There Both Hot and Cold Water?
 TAPE                                      ** CONTROL  NHANES II DATA SOURCE
 LOC.   ITEM DESCRIPTION & CODES              COUNTS         OR NOTES

 099    Is there both hot and cold water?

        1 - Yes
        2 - No
        8 - Blank, but applicable
        Blank

 100. Are Kitchen Facilities Used by Anyone Not in Household?
 TAPE                                      ** CONTROL  NHANES II DATA SOURCE
 LOC.   ITEM DESCRIPTION & CODES              COUNTS         OR NOTES

 100    Are these kitchen facilities used by
        anyone not living in this household?

        1 - Yes
        2 - No
        8 - Blank, but applicable
        Blank

 101-102. Main Type of Heating System
 TAPE                                      ** CONTROL  NHANES II DATA SOURCE
 LOC.   ITEM DESCRIPTION & CODES              COUNTS         OR NOTES

 101-   What is the main type of heating system
 102    you have?

        11 - Steam or hot water system
        12 - Central warm air furnace with
             ducts to individual rooms or
             central heat pump (forced air)

        13 - Built in electric units
             (permanently installed in wall,
             ceiling or baseboard
        14 - Floor, wall or pipeless furnace
        15 - Circulating, radiant or room
             heaters, with flue or vent,
             burning gas, oil, or kerosene
        16 - Circulating, radiant, or room
             heaters (not portable) without
             flue or vent burning gas, oil or
             kerosene
        17 - Fireplace or stoves burning coal,
             wood or coke
        18 - Portable room heaters of any kind
        19 - Some other type
        20 - None, unit is not heated
        88 - Blank, but applicable

 103. Do You have Air Conditioning?
 TAPE                                      ** CONTROL  NHANES II DATA SOURCE
 LOC.   ITEM DESCRIPTION & CODES              COUNTS         OR NOTES

 103    Do you have air conditioning?

        1 - Yes, individual room unit
        2 - Yes, central air conditioning
        3 - No
        8 - Blank, but applicable

 104. No. of Motor Vehicles Owner/Used by Members of Family
 TAPE                                      ** CONTROL  NHANES II DATA SOURCE
 LOC.   ITEM DESCRIPTION & CODES              COUNTS         OR NOTES

 104    How many motor vehicles are owned or
        regularly used for transportation by
        members of your family?

        0 - None
        1 - 8 Vehicles (more than 8 coded as 8)
        9 - Blank, but applicable

 105. Is Language Other than English Spoken by Family Members?
 TAPE                                      ** CONTROL  NHANES II DATA SOURCE
 LOC.   ITEM DESCRIPTION & CODES              COUNTS         OR NOTES

 105    Is any language other than English
        spoken by family members living here?

        1 - Yes
        2 - No
        8 - Blank, but applicable

 106. What Language?
 TAPE                                      ** CONTROL  NHANES II DATA SOURCE
 LOC.   ITEM DESCRIPTION & CODES              COUNTS         OR NOTES

 106    What language?

        0 - German
        1 - Italian
        2 - French
        3 - Polish
        4 - Russian
        5 - Spanish
        6 - Chinese
        7 - Other language
        8 - Blank, but applicable
        9 - Not applicable

 107-108. Group Representing Tot. Family Income for Past 12 Mo.
 TAPE                                      ** CONTROL  NHANES II DATA SOURCE
 LOC.   ITEM DESCRIPTION & CODES              COUNTS         OR NOTES

 107-   Which of these income groups represents          See Detailed Notes
 108    your total combined family income for
        the past 12 months?

        11 - Under $1,000
        12 - $1,000-1,999
        13 - $2,000-2,999
        14 - $3,000-3,999
        15 - $4,000-4,999
        16 - $5,000-5,999
        17 - $6,000-6,999
        18 - $7,000-9,999
        19 - $10,000-14,999
        20 - $15,000-19,999
        21 - $20,000-24,999
        22 - $25,000 and over
        88 - Blank, but applicable

 109-112. Amt. Money Received by Members of Family During 12 Mo.
 TAPE                                      ** CONTROL  NHANES II DATA SOURCE
 LOC.   ITEM DESCRIPTION & CODES              COUNTS         OR NOTES

 109-   During the past 12 months, how much
 112    money did you and all members of your
        family receive in wages or salaries
        before deductions?

        0000 - 6999 Amount
        8888 - Blank, but applicable
        Blank

 113. Social Security or Railroad Retirement?
 TAPE                                      ** CONTROL  NHANES II DATA SOURCE
 LOC.   ITEM DESCRIPTION & CODES              COUNTS         OR NOTES

 113    Social security or railroad
        retirement?

        1 - Yes
        2 - No
        8 - Blank, but applicable
        Blank

 114. Data User Work Area
 TAPE                                      ** CONTROL  NHANES II DATA SOURCE
 LOC.   ITEM DESCRIPTION & CODES              COUNTS         OR NOTES

 114    Data User Work Area

 115-118. If Yes, How Much? (Social Security/Railroad Retirement)
 TAPE                                      ** CONTROL  NHANES II DATA SOURCE
 LOC.   ITEM DESCRIPTION & CODES              COUNTS         OR NOTES

 115-   If yes, how much?
 118
        0038 - 6828 Amount
        8888 - Blank, but applicable
        Blank

 119. Welfare Payments or Other Public Assistance?
 TAPE                                      ** CONTROL  NHANES II DATA SOURCE
 LOC.   ITEM DESCRIPTION & CODES              COUNTS         OR NOTES

 119    Welfare payments or other public
        assistance?

        1 - Yes
        2 - No
        8 - Blank, but applicable
        Blank

 120. Data User Work Area
 TAPE                                      ** CONTROL  NHANES II DATA SOURCE
 LOC.   ITEM DESCRIPTION & CODES              COUNTS         OR NOTES

 120    Data User Work Area

 121-124. If Yes, How Much? (Welfare Payments/Other Assistance)
 TAPE                                      ** CONTROL  NHANES II DATA SOURCE
 LOC.   ITEM DESCRIPTION & CODES              COUNTS         OR NOTES

 121-   If yes, how much?
 124
        0012 - 6800 Amount
        8888 - Blank, but applicable
        Blank

 125. Unemployment Compensation or Workman's Compensation?
 TAPE                                      ** CONTROL  NHANES II DATA SOURCE
 LOC.   ITEM DESCRIPTION & CODES              COUNTS         OR NOTES

 125    Unemployment Compensation or Workman's
        Compensation

        1 - Yes
        2 - No
        8 - Blank, but applicable
        Blank

 126. Data User Work Area
 TAPE                                      ** CONTROL  NHANES II DATA SOURCE
 LOC.   ITEM DESCRIPTION & CODES              COUNTS         OR NOTES

 126    Data User Work Area

 127-130. If Yes, How Much? (Unempl. Comp./Workman's Comp.)
 TAPE                                      ** CONTROL  NHANES II DATA SOURCE
 LOC.   ITEM DESCRIPTION & CODES              COUNTS         OR NOTES

 127-   If yes, how much?
 130
        0015 - 5640 Amount
        8888 - Blank, but applicable
        Blank

 131. Government Employee Pension or Private Pensions?
 TAPE                                      ** CONTROL  NHANES II DATA SOURCE
 LOC.   ITEM DESCRIPTION & CODES              COUNTS         OR NOTES

 131    Government Employee Pension or Private
        Pensions?

        1 - Yes
        2 - No
        8 - Blank, but applicable
        Blank

 132. Data User Work Area
 TAPE                                      ** CONTROL  NHANES II DATA SOURCE
 LOC.   ITEM DESCRIPTION & CODES              COUNTS         OR NOTES

 132    Data User Work Area

 133-136. If Yes, How Much? (Gov't. Employee/Private Pension)
 TAPE                                      ** CONTROL  NHANES II DATA SOURCE
 LOC.   ITEM DESCRIPTION & CODES              COUNTS         OR NOTES

 133-   If yes, how much?
 136
        0036 - 6000 Amount
        8888 - Blank, but applicable
        Blank

 137. Dividends, Interest or Rent?
 TAPE                                      ** CONTROL  NHANES II DATA SOURCE
 LOC.   ITEM DESCRIPTION & CODES              COUNTS         OR NOTES

 137    Dividends, Interest or Rent?

        1 - Yes
        2 - No
        8 - Blank, but applicable
        Blank

 138. Data User Work Area
 TAPE                                      ** CONTROL  NHANES II DATA SOURCE
 LOC.   ITEM DESCRIPTION & CODES              COUNTS         OR NOTES

 138    Data User Work Area

 139-142. If Yes, How Much? (Dividends, Interest or Rent)
 TAPE                                      ** CONTROL  NHANES II DATA SOURCE
 LOC.   ITEM DESCRIPTION & CODES              COUNTS         OR NOTES

 139-   If yes, how much?
 142
        0001 - 5200 Amount
        8888 - Blank, but applicable
        Blank

 143. Net Income from Own Bus.,Professional Practice,Partnership?
 TAPE                                      ** CONTROL  NHANES II DATA SOURCE
 LOC.   ITEM DESCRIPTION & CODES              COUNTS         OR NOTES

 143    Net income from their own business
        (nonfarm) professional practice, or
        partnership?

        1 - Yes
        2 - No
        3 - Loss
        8 - Blank, but applicable
        Blank

 144. Data User Work Area
 TAPE                                      ** CONTROL  NHANES II DATA SOURCE
 LOC.   ITEM DESCRIPTION & CODES              COUNTS         OR NOTES

 144    Data User Work Area

 145-148. If Yes, How Much? (Net Income)
 TAPE                                      ** CONTROL  NHANES II DATA SOURCE
 LOC.   ITEM DESCRIPTION & CODES              COUNTS         OR NOTES

 145-   If yes, how much?
 148
        0001 - 6800 Amount
        8888 - Blank, but applicable
        Blank

 149. Net Income from a Farm?
 TAPE                                      ** CONTROL  NHANES II DATA SOURCE
 LOC.   ITEM DESCRIPTION & CODES              COUNTS         OR NOTES

 149    Net income from a farm?

        1 - Yes
        2 - No
        3 - Loss
        8 - Blank, but applicable
        Blank

 150. Data User Work Area
 TAPE                                      ** CONTROL  NHANES II DATA SOURCE
 LOC.   ITEM DESCRIPTION & CODES              COUNTS         OR NOTES

 150    Data User Work Area

 151-154. If Yes, How Much? (Net Income from Farm)
 TAPE                                      ** CONTROL  NHANES II DATA SOURCE
 LOC.   ITEM DESCRIPTION & CODES              COUNTS         OR NOTES

 151-   If yes, how much?
 154
        0000 - 6500 Amount
        8888 - Blank, but applicable
        Blank

 155. Veterans Payments?
 TAPE                                      ** CONTROL  NHANES II DATA SOURCE
 LOC.   ITEM DESCRIPTION & CODES              COUNTS         OR NOTES

 155    Veterans payments?

        1 - Yes
        2 - No
        8 - Blank, but applicable
        Blank

 156. Data User Work Area
 TAPE                                      ** CONTROL  NHANES II DATA SOURCE
 LOC.   ITEM DESCRIPTION & CODES              COUNTS         OR NOTES

 156    Data User Work Area

 157-160. If Yes, How Much? (Veterans Payments)
 TAPE                                      ** CONTROL  NHANES II DATA SOURCE
 LOC.   ITEM DESCRIPTION & CODES              COUNTS         OR NOTES

 157-   If yes, how much?
 160
        0060 - 6000 Amount
        8888 - Blank, but applicable
        Blank

 161. Alimony, Child Support or Other Support?
 TAPE                                      ** CONTROL  NHANES II DATA SOURCE
 LOC.   ITEM DESCRIPTION & CODES              COUNTS         OR NOTES

 161    Alimony, child support or other support
        from persons not in household?

        1 - Yes
        2 - No
        8 - Blank, but applicable
        Blank

 162. Data User Work Area
 TAPE                                      ** CONTROL  NHANES II DATA SOURCE
 LOC.   ITEM DESCRIPTION & CODES              COUNTS         OR NOTES

 162    Data User Work Area

 163-166. If Yes, How Much? (Alimony,Child Support,Other Support)
 TAPE                                      ** CONTROL  NHANES II DATA SOURCE
 LOC.   ITEM DESCRIPTION & CODES              COUNTS         OR NOTES

 163-   If yes, how much?
 166
        0020 - 6900 Amount
        8888 - Blank, but applicable
        Blank

 167. Any Other Income?
 TAPE                                      ** CONTROL  NHANES II DATA SOURCE
 LOC.   ITEM DESCRIPTION & CODES              COUNTS         OR NOTES

 167    Any other income?

        1 - Yes
        2 - No
        8 - Blank, but applicable
        Blank

 168. Data User Work Area
 TAPE                                      ** CONTROL  NHANES II DATA SOURCE
 LOC.   ITEM DESCRIPTION & CODES              COUNTS         OR NOTES

 168    Data User Work Area

 169-172. If Yes, How Much? (Other Income)
 TAPE                                      ** CONTROL  NHANES II DATA SOURCE
 LOC.   ITEM DESCRIPTION & CODES              COUNTS         OR NOTES

 169-   If yes, how much?
 172
        0003 - 6403 Amount
        8888 - Blank, but applicable
        Blank

 173-176. Total Amount
 TAPE                                      ** CONTROL  NHANES II DATA SOURCE
 LOC.   ITEM DESCRIPTION & CODES              COUNTS         OR NOTES

 173-   Total Amount                                      Q 21 & 22
 176
        0000 - 6999 Amount
        8888 - Blank, but applicable
        Blank

 177. Check Item B
 TAPE                                      ** CONTROL  NHANES II DATA SOURCE
 LOC.   ITEM DESCRIPTION & CODES              COUNTS         OR NOTES

 177    Check Item B

        2 - Food stamps available
        4 - Both - Food Stamps and
            commodities

 178. Are You Certified to Participate in Food Stamp Program?
 TAPE                                      ** CONTROL  NHANES II DATA SOURCE
 LOC.   ITEM DESCRIPTION & CODES              COUNTS         OR NOTES

 178    Are you certified to participate in
        the food stamp program?

        1 - Yes
        2 - No
        8 - Blank, but applicable
        Don't know

 179. Are You Buying Food Stamps Now?
 TAPE                                      ** CONTROL  NHANES II DATA SOURCE
 LOC.   ITEM DESCRIPTION & CODES              COUNTS         OR NOTES

 179    Are you buying food stamps now?

        1 - Yes, Regularly
        2 - Yes, Occasionally
        3 - No
        8 - Blank, but applicable
        Blank

 180. Main Reason You are Not Participating in Food Stamps Prog.
 TAPE                                      ** CONTROL  NHANES II DATA SOURCE
 LOC.   ITEM DESCRIPTION & CODES              COUNTS         OR NOTES

 180    What is the main reason you are not
        participating in the program?

        1 - No need
        2 - Not enough money at the time
        3 - No transportation
        4 - Pride
        5 - Other
        8 - Blank, but applicable
        Blank

 181. Are You Certified for Commodity Distribution Program?
 TAPE                                      ** CONTROL  NHANES II DATA SOURCE
 LOC.   ITEM DESCRIPTION & CODES              COUNTS         OR NOTES

 181    Are you certified for commodity
        distribution program?

        1 - Yes
        2 - No
        9 - Do not know
        Blank

 182. Are You Receiving Commidity Foods Now for Your Family?
 TAPE                                      ** CONTROL  NHANES II DATA SOURCE
 LOC.   ITEM DESCRIPTION & CODES              COUNTS         OR NOTES

 182    Are you receiving commodity foods now
        for your family?

        1 - Yes, regularly
        2 - Yes, occasionally
        3 - No
        Blank

 183. Why Aren't You Participating in Commodity Foods Program?
 TAPE                                      ** CONTROL  NHANES II DATA SOURCE
 LOC.   ITEM DESCRIPTION & CODES              COUNTS         OR NOTES

 183    Why aren't you participating in the
        program?

        1 - No need
        2 - No transportation
        3 - Pride
        4 - Other
        8 - Blank, but applicable
        Blank

 184-185. Date of Exam Month
 TAPE                                      ** CONTROL  NHANES II DATA SOURCE
 LOC.   ITEM DESCRIPTION & CODES              COUNTS         OR NOTES

 184-   Date of Exam Month                                Control Record
 185
        01 - 12

 186-187. Date of Exam Day
 TAPE                                      ** CONTROL  NHANES II DATA SOURCE
 LOC.   ITEM DESCRIPTION & CODES              COUNTS         OR NOTES

 186-   Date of Exam Day                                  Control Record
 187
        00 - 31

 188-189. Date of Exam Year
 TAPE                                      ** CONTROL  NHANES II DATA SOURCE
 LOC.   ITEM DESCRIPTION & CODES              COUNTS         OR NOTES

 188-   Date of Exam Year                                 Control Record
 189
        76 - 80

 190-191. Age Years
 TAPE                                      ** CONTROL  NHANES II DATA SOURCE
 LOC.   ITEM DESCRIPTION & CODES              COUNTS         OR NOTES

 190-   Age Years                                         At Examination
 191
        01 - 75 Years
        00 - If less than 12 months or non-
             examined

 192-205. Data User Work Area
 TAPE                                      ** CONTROL  NHANES II DATA SOURCE
 LOC.   ITEM DESCRIPTION & CODES              COUNTS         OR NOTES

 192-   Data User Work Area
 205

 206. Race Sex Recode for Sample Person
 TAPE                                      ** CONTROL  NHANES II DATA SOURCE
 LOC.   ITEM DESCRIPTION & CODES              COUNTS         OR NOTES

 206    Race Sex Recode For Sample Person                See Detailed Notes

        1 - Male, White
        2 - Male, Black
        3 - Male, Other
        4 - Female, White
        5 - Female, Black
        6 - Female, Other

 207. Farm, Non-Farm Recode for Sample Person
 TAPE                                      ** CONTROL  NHANES II DATA SOURCE
 LOC.   ITEM DESCRIPTION & CODES              COUNTS         OR NOTES

 207    Farm, Non-Farm Recode For Sample Person           See Detailed Notes

        1 - Farm
        2 - Non-Farm

 208. Interview Status
 TAPE                                      ** CONTROL  NHANES II DATA SOURCE
 LOC.   ITEM DESCRIPTION & CODES              COUNTS         OR NOTES

 208    Interview Status

        1 - Interviewed

 209. Region
 TAPE                                      ** CONTROL  NHANES II DATA SOURCE
 LOC.   ITEM DESCRIPTION & CODES              COUNTS         OR NOTES

 209    Region                                            See Detailed Noted

        1 - Northeast
        2 - Midwest
        3 - South
        4 - West

 210-212. Poverty Index
 TAPE                                      ** CONTROL  NHANES II DATA SOURCE
 LOC.   ITEM DESCRIPTION & CODES              COUNTS         OR NOTES

 210-   Poverty Index (x.xx)                            See Detailed Notes
 212
        001 - 880 - As Given
        999 - Unknown

 213-246. Data User Work Area
 TAPE                                      ** CONTROL  NHANES II DATA SOURCE
 LOC.   ITEM DESCRIPTION & CODES              COUNTS         OR NOTES

 213-   Data User Work Area
 246

 Head of Household Data (Tape Loc. 247-281)

 247-248. Age Years
 TAPE                                      ** CONTROL  NHANES II DATA SOURCE
 LOC.   ITEM DESCRIPTION & CODES              COUNTS         OR NOTES

 247-   Age Years
 248
        15 - 99 Years (more than 100 coded
                as 99)

 249-250. Data User Work Area
 TAPE                                      ** CONTROL  NHANES II DATA SOURCE
 LOC.   ITEM DESCRIPTION & CODES              COUNTS         OR NOTES

 249-   Data User Work Area
 250

 251-252. Date-of-Birth-Month
 TAPE                                      ** CONTROL  NHANES II DATA SOURCE
 LOC.   ITEM DESCRIPTION & CODES              COUNTS         OR NOTES

 251-   Date-Of-Birth-Month
 252
        01 - 12 Month
        88 - Blank, but applicable

 253-254. Date-of-Birth-Year
 TAPE                                      ** CONTROL  NHANES II DATA SOURCE
 LOC.   ITEM DESCRIPTION & CODES              COUNTS         OR NOTES

 253-   Date-Of-Birth-Year
 254
        00 - 99 Year

 255. Sex
 TAPE                                      ** CONTROL  NHANES II DATA SOURCE
 LOC.   ITEM DESCRIPTION & CODES              COUNTS         OR NOTES

 255    Sex

        1 - Male
        2 - Female

 256. Race
 TAPE                                      ** CONTROL  NHANES II DATA SOURCE
 LOC.   ITEM DESCRIPTION & CODES              COUNTS         OR NOTES

 256    Race                                              See Detailed Notes

        1 - White
        2 - Black
        3 - Other

 257-258. In What State was He/She Born?
 TAPE                                      ** CONTROL  NHANES II DATA SOURCE
 LOC.   ITEM DESCRIPTION & CODES              COUNTS         OR NOTES

 257-   In what state was he/she born?                    See Detailed Notes
 258
        01 - 97
        88 - Blank, but applicable

 259. Is He/She Married,Widowed,Divorced,Separated,Never Married?
 TAPE                                      ** CONTROL  NHANES II DATA SOURCE
 LOC.   ITEM DESCRIPTION & CODES              COUNTS         OR NOTES

 259    Is he/she married, widowed, divorced,
        separated, or never married?

        1 - Under 17
        2 - Married
        3 - Widowed
        4 - Divorced
        5 - Separated
        6 - Never married
        8 - Blank, but applicable

 260-261. Natural Origin or Ancestry
 TAPE                                      ** CONTROL  NHANES II DATA SOURCE
 LOC.   ITEM DESCRIPTION & CODES              COUNTS         OR NOTES

 260-   Natural Origin or Ancestry?
 261
        01 - Countries of Central or South
             America
        02 - Chicano
        03 - Cuban
        04 - Mexican
        05 - Mexicano
        06 - Mexican-American
        07 - Puerto Rican
        08 - Other Spanish
        09 - Other European, such as German,
             French, English, Irish
        10 - Black, Negro or Afro-American
        11 - American Indian or Alaskan Native
        12 - Asian or Pacific Islander Such as
             Chinese, Japanese, Korean,
             Philippino, Samoan
        13 - Another Group Not Listed
        88 - Blank, but applicable

 262-263. Highest Grade Attended
 TAPE                                      ** CONTROL  NHANES II DATA SOURCE
 LOC.   ITEM DESCRIPTION & CODES              COUNTS         OR NOTES

 262-   Highest Grade Attended
 263
        00 - None (regardless of age)
        21 - 28 - Elementary Grades (1-8)
        31 - 34 - High School (1-4)
        41 - 45 - College (1-5+)
        88 - Blank, but applicable

 264. Grade Completed?
 TAPE                                      ** CONTROL  NHANES II DATA SOURCE
 LOC.   ITEM DESCRIPTION & CODES              COUNTS         OR NOTES

 264    Grade Completed

        1 - Yes
        2 - No
        8 - Blank, but applicable
        Blank

 265. What was He/She Doing During Most of the Past 12 Months?
 TAPE                                      ** CONTROL  NHANES II DATA SOURCE
 LOC.   ITEM DESCRIPTION & CODES              COUNTS         OR NOTES

 265    What was he/she doing during most of
        the past 12 months?

        1 - Working
        2 - Keeping house
        3 - Something else
        8 - Blank, but applicable
        Blank

 266. What was He/She Doing?
 TAPE                                      ** CONTROL  NHANES II DATA SOURCE
 LOC.   ITEM DESCRIPTION & CODES              COUNTS         OR NOTES

 266    What was he/she doing?

        1 - Layoff
        2 - Retired
        3 - Student
        4 - Ill
        5 - Staying home
        6 - Looking for work
        7 - Unable to work
        8 - Blank, but applicable
        0 - Other
        Blank

 267. Did He/She Work at Job/Business During Past 3 Months?
 TAPE                                      ** CONTROL  NHANES II DATA SOURCE
 LOC.   ITEM DESCRIPTION & CODES              COUNTS         OR NOTES

 267    Did he/she work at job or business
        during past three months?

        1 - Yes
        2 - No
        8 - Blank, but applicable
        Blank

 268. Did He/She Work Full or Part-Time when Working?
 TAPE                                      ** CONTROL  NHANES II DATA SOURCE
 LOC.   ITEM DESCRIPTION & CODES              COUNTS         OR NOTES

 268    Did he/she work full or part-time when
        working?

        1 - Full time
        2 - Part time
        8 - Blank, but applicable
        Blank

 269. Did He/She Work During Last 2 Wks. - Not Housework?
 TAPE                                      ** CONTROL  NHANES II DATA SOURCE
 LOC.   ITEM DESCRIPTION & CODES              COUNTS         OR NOTES

 269    Did he/she work at any time the last
        two weeks not counting work around
        the house?

        1 - Yes
        2 - No
        8 - Blank, but applicable
        Blank

 270. Though He/She did Not Work, Does He/She have Job/Business?
 TAPE                                      ** CONTROL  NHANES II DATA SOURCE
 LOC.   ITEM DESCRIPTION & CODES              COUNTS         OR NOTES

 270    Even though he/she did not work, does
        he/she have a job or business?

        1 - Yes
        2 - No
        8 - Blank, but applicable
        Blank

 271. Was He/She Looking for Work or on Layoff from a Job?
 TAPE                                      ** CONTROL  NHANES II DATA SOURCE
 LOC.   ITEM DESCRIPTION & CODES              COUNTS         OR NOTES

 271    Was he/she looking for work or on
        layoff from a job?

        1 - Yes
        2 - No
        8 - Blank, but applicable
        Blank

 272. Which, Looking for Work or on Layoff from a Job?
 TAPE                                      ** CONTROL  NHANES II DATA SOURCE
 LOC.   ITEM DESCRIPTION & CODES              COUNTS         OR NOTES

 272    Which, looking for work or on layoff
        from a job?

        1 - Looking
        2 - Layoff
        3 - Both
        8 - Blank, but applicable
        Blank

 273-275. Type of Industry or Business?
 TAPE                                      ** CONTROL  NHANES II DATA SOURCE
 LOC.   ITEM DESCRIPTION & CODES              COUNTS         OR NOTES

 273-   Type of industry or business?                     See Detailed Notes
 275

        017 - 998 (last digit 7, 8, 9)
        000 - Blank, but applicable
        Blank

 276-278. What Kind of Work was He/She Doing?
 TAPE                                      ** CONTROL  NHANES II DATA SOURCE
 LOC.   ITEM DESCRIPTION & CODES              COUNTS         OR NOTES

 276-   What kind of work was he/she doing?               See Detailed Notes
 278

        001 - 992 - Occupation (last digit
                    0-6)
        000 - Blank, but applicable
        Blank

 279. Was He/She in Private Co./Business or Working for Someone?
 TAPE                                      ** CONTROL  NHANES II DATA SOURCE
 LOC.   ITEM DESCRIPTION & CODES              COUNTS         OR NOTES

 279    Was he/she in private company or
        business or working for individual for
        wages, salary or commission?

        1 - Private
        2 - A Federal government employee
        3 - A State government employee
        4 - A local government employee
        5 - Incorporated-Own
        6 - Self-employed (or farm)
        7 - Working without pay in family
            business or farm
        8 - Never worked
        0 - Blank, but applicable
        Blank

 280. Did He/She Ever Serve in the Armed Forces of the U.S.?
 TAPE                                      ** CONTROL  NHANES II DATA SOURCE
 LOC.   ITEM DESCRIPTION & CODES              COUNTS         OR NOTES

 280    Did he/she ever serve in the armed
        forces of the U.S.?

        1 - Yes
        2 - No
        8 - Blank, but applicable
        Blank

 281. When Did He/She Serve?
 TAPE                                      ** CONTROL  NHANES II DATA SOURCE
 LOC.   ITEM DESCRIPTION & CODES              COUNTS         OR NOTES

 281    When did he/she serve?

        1 - Vietnam
        2 - Korean War
        3 - World War II
        4 - World War I
        5 - Post Vietnam
        6 - Other Service
        8 - Blank, but applicable
        9 - Do not know
        Blank

 Sample Weights (Tape Loc. 282-350)

 282-287. Examined Final Weight
 TAPE                                      ** CONTROL  NHANES II DATA SOURCE
 LOC.   ITEM DESCRIPTION & CODES              COUNTS         OR NOTES

        SEE DETAILED NOTES FOR POSITIONS
        282-326

 282-   Examined Final Weight
 287
        001218 - 079634

 288-293. Medical History Interview Final Weight
 TAPE                                      ** CONTROL  NHANES II DATA SOURCE
 LOC.   ITEM DESCRIPTION & CODES              COUNTS         OR NOTES

        SEE DETAILED NOTES FOR POSITIONS
        282-326

 288-   Medical History Interview Final Weight
 293
        001171 - 071969

 294-299. Glucose Tolerance Test Final Examined Weight
 TAPE                                      ** CONTROL  NHANES II DATA SOURCE
 LOC.   ITEM DESCRIPTION & CODES              COUNTS         OR NOTES

        SEE DETAILED NOTES FOR POSITIONS
        282-326

 294-   Glucose Tolerance Test Final Examined
 299    Weight

        003502 - 084477
        000000

 300-305. Lead Final Examined Weight
 TAPE                                      ** CONTROL  NHANES II DATA SOURCE
 LOC.   ITEM DESCRIPTION & CODES              COUNTS         OR NOTES

        SEE DETAILED NOTES FOR POSITIONS
        282-326

 300-   Lead Final Examined Weight
 305
        001218 - 084115
        000000

 306-311. Carboxyhemoglobin Final Examined Weight
 TAPE                                      ** CONTROL  NHANES II DATA SOURCE
 LOC.   ITEM DESCRIPTION & CODES              COUNTS         OR NOTES

        SEE DETAILED NOTES FOR POSITIONS
        282-326

 306-   Carboxyhemoglobin Final Examined Weight
 311
        002546 - 110759
        000000

 312-317. Bile Acids Final Examined Weight
 TAPE                                      ** CONTROL  NHANES II DATA SOURCE
 LOC.   ITEM DESCRIPTION & CODES              COUNTS         OR NOTES

        SEE DETAILED NOTES FOR POSITIONS
        282-326

 312-   Bile Acids Final Examined Weight
 317
        003519 - 087638
        000000

 318-323. Data User Work Area
 TAPE                                      ** CONTROL  NHANES II DATA SOURCE
 LOC.   ITEM DESCRIPTION & CODES              COUNTS         OR NOTES

        SEE DETAILED NOTES FOR POSITIONS
        282-326

 318-   Data User Work Area
 323

 324-325. STRATA
 TAPE                                      ** CONTROL  NHANES II DATA SOURCE
 LOC.   ITEM DESCRIPTION & CODES              COUNTS         OR NOTES

        SEE DETAILED NOTES FOR POSITIONS
        282-326

 324-   STRATA
 325
        01 - 32

 326. PSEUDO Primary Sampling Unit
 TAPE                                      ** CONTROL  NHANES II DATA SOURCE
 LOC.   ITEM DESCRIPTION & CODES              COUNTS         OR NOTES

        SEE DETAILED NOTES FOR POSITIONS
        282-326

 326    PSEUDO Primary Sampling Unit

        1 OR 2

 328. Poverty/Non-Poverty Segments
 TAPE                                      ** CONTROL  NHANES II DATA SOURCE
 LOC.   ITEM DESCRIPTION & CODES              COUNTS         OR NOTES
 328    Poverty/Non-Poverty Segments

        1-Non-Poverty
        2-Poverty

 328-350. Data User Work Area
 TAPE                                      ** CONTROL  NHANES II DATA SOURCE
 LOC.   ITEM DESCRIPTION & CODES              COUNTS         OR NOTES

 328-   Data User Work Area
 350


DETAILED NOTES, DEMOGRAPHIC DATA

 Tape Position 11 - Size of Place
 
 Size of place classification was derived from the 1970 census. According to
 the definition used in the 1970 census, the urban population was comprised of
 all persons living in (a) places of 2,500 inhabitants or more incorporated as
 cities, boroughs (except Alaska),villages and towns (except towns in New York
 ,New England States,and Wisconsin),but excluding those persons living in the
 rural portions of extended cities; (b) unincorporated places of 2,500
 inhabitants or more; and (c) other territories included in urbanized areas.
 the remaining population was classified as rural.

 Urban areas are further classified by population size for places within
 urbanized areas and other places outside urbanized areas.

 Tape Position 12 - SMSA
 
 Except in New England,a standard metropolitan statistical area is basically a
 county or a group of contiguous counties which contains at least one city of
 50,000 inhabitants or more, or "twin cities" with a combined population of at
 least 50,000. In addition to the county or counties containing such a city or
 cities, contiguous counties are included in an SMSA if, according to the 1970
 census, they are socially and economically integrated with the central city.
 Each SMSA must include at least one central city,and the complete title of an
 SMSA identifies the central city or cities. In New England, SMSA's consist of
 towns and cities, rather than counties.

 Tape Positions 37-41 - Family Unit Code

 All related sample persons in the same family unit have the same computer
 generated family unit code.  This will enable analysis of individual family
 units.

 Tape Positions 56, 206, 256 - Race

 The race of the respondent was marked by observation and the interviewers
 were instructed to assume the race of all related persons was the same as the
 respondent unless otherwise learned.The race categories were "White","Black"
 or "Other".  If the appropriate category could not be marked by observation,
 then race was asked.  Interviewers were instructed to record persons who
 responded with something other than White or Black,such as Japanese,Chinese,
 American Indian, Korean, Hindu, Eskimo, etc., as "Other"; and to include
 Mexicans,Puert Ricans and other persons of Latin American descent in "White",
 unless definitely Black, American Indian, or of other non-white race.

 Tape Positions 57-58 and 257-258
  
                                  United States
 Name of Place                                                           Code

 Alabama                                                      01
 Alaska                                                     02
 Arizona                                                      04
 Arkansas                                                       05
 California                                                         06
 Colorado                                                       08
 Connecticut                                                          09
 Delaware                                                       10
 District of Columbia                                                     11
 Florida                                                      12
 Georgia                                                      13
 Hawaii                                                     15
 Idaho                                                            16
 Illinois                                                       17
 Indiana                                                      18
 Iowa                                                            19
 Kansas                                                     20
 Kentucky                                                       21
 Louisiana                                                        22
 Maine                                                            23
 Maryland                                                       24
 Massachusetts                                                            25
 Michigan                                                       26
 Minnesota                                                        27
 Mississippi                                                          28
 Missouri                                                       29
 Montana                                                      30
 Nebraska                                                       31
 Nevada                                                     32
 New Hampshire                                                            33
 New Jersey                                                         34
 New Mexico                                                         35
 New York                                                       36
 North Carolina                                                           37
 North Dakota                                                           38
 Ohio                                                            39
 Oklahoma                                                       40
 Oregon                                                     41
 Pennsylvania                                                           42
 Rhode Island                                                           44
 South Carolina                                                           45
 South Dakota                                                           46
 Tennessee                                                        47
 Texas                                                            48
 Utah                                                            49
 Vermont                                                      50
 Virginia                                                       51
 Washington                                                         53
 West Virginia                                                            54
 Wisconsin                                                        55
 Wyoming                                                      56

                       Outlying Areas of the United States

 Name of Place                       Code             Description

 American Samoa                       60    U.S. territory in the Pacific
 Canal Zone                           61    Territory in Panama leased by U.S.
 Canton and Enderbury Islands         62    Under common US-UK administration
 Guam                                 66    U.S. territory in the Pacific
 Johnston Atoll                             U.S. territory in the Pacific,
                                              includes Sand Island
 Midway Islands                       71    U.S. territory in the Pacific
 Puerto Rico                          72    Commonwealth associated with the
                                              U.S.
 Swan Islands                         74    U.S. territory in the Caribbean
 Trust Territories of the Pacific     75    U.S. administered, includes
   Islands                                    Caroline, Mariana, and Marshall
                                              Island Groups
 U.S. Miscellaneous Caribbean         76    Includes Navassa Islands, Quito
   Islands                                    Sueno Bank, Roncador Cay,
                                              Serrana Bank, Serranilla Bank
 U.S. Miscellaneous Pacific           77    Includes Kingman Reef, Howland,
   Islands                                    Baker and Jarvis Islands,
                                              Palmyra Atoll
 Virgin Islands                       78    U.S. territory in the Caribbean
 Wake Island                          79    U.S. territory in the Pacific

                                Foreign Countries

 North America                        91
 South America                        92
 Europe                               93
 Africa                               94
 Asia                                 95
 Australasia                          96
 Pacific Islands                      97

 Tape Pos. 73-75,76-78,273-275,276-278-Industry/Occupation Codes

 A person's occupation may be defined as his principal job or business. For
 this survey purpose, the principal job or business of a respondent is defined
 in one of the following ways:  If the person worked during the two-week
 interview period or had a job or business, the question concerning his
 occupation (or work) applies to his job during that period.If the respondent
 held more than one job, the question is directed to the one at which he spent
 the most time.  It refers to the one he considers most important when equal
 time is spent at each job.  A person who has not begun work at a new job, is
 looking for work, or is on layoff from work is questioned about his last
 full-time civilian job.A full-time job is defined as one at which the person
 spent 35 or more hours per week and which lasted two consecutive weeks or
 more. A person who has a job to which he has not yet reported and has never
 had a previous job or business is classified as a "new worker".

 The 1970 census of population Alphabetical Index of Industries and Occupa-
 tion was used in the coding of both the industry and occupation. Library of
 Congress Number 74-612012.  For sale by the Superintendent of Documents,U.S.
 Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C. 20402.  $3.00.  Stock Number
 0301-2283.

 Tape Positions 107-108 - Family Income Group

 The respondent was handed a card with 12 income ranges listed as Group A to
 Group L and asked "Which of these income groups represents your total com-
 bined family income for the past 12 months,that is,yours, your ...'s, etc?
 include income from all sources such as wages,salaries,social security or
 retirement benefits, help from relatives, rent from property and so forth."

 If the respondent answered Group A through G,that is with an income less than
 $7,000,then questions 21 and 22 detailing exact sources and amounts of income
 were asked; otherwise, these questions were skipped.

 No effort was made to reconcile amounts reported in detailed questions 21 and
 22 with the categorical response to the family income group question.  During
 the survey time period, no adjustments to the income groups or $7,000 value
 were made to account for inflation.

 Tape Position 207 - Land

 Land used for farming purposes (Code 1 in Tape Position 207) was identified
 as being rural land (Code 2 in Tape Position 25) consisting of 10 or more
 acres (Code 1 in Tape Position 26) with crop sales amounting to $50 or more
 (Code 1 in Tape Position 27), or rural land (Code 2 in Tape Position 25)
 consisting of less than 10 acres(Code 2 in Tape Position 26)with crop sales
 amounting to $250 or more (Code 1 in Tape Position 28).All other land is
 classified as nonfarm (Code 2 in Tape Position 207).

 Tape Position 209 - Region

 The United States was divided into four broad geographic regions of
 approximately equal population. Those regions, which deviate somewhat from
 the groups used by the Bureau of Census, are as follows:

     Region                          States Included

     Northeast                       Maine, Vermont, New Hampshire,
                                     Massachusetts, Connecticut, Rhode
                                     Island, New York, New Jersey, and
                                     Pennsylvania

     South                           Delaware, Maryland, District of
                                     Columbia, West Virginia, Virginia,
                                     Kentucky, Tennessee, North Carolina,
                                     South Carolina, Georgia, Florida,
                                     Alabama, Mississippi, Louisiana, and
                                     Arkansas

     Midwest                         Ohio, Illinois, Indiana, Michigan,
                                     Wisconsin, Minnesota, Iowa, Missouri

     West                            Washington, Oregon, California, Nevada,
                                     New Mexico, Arizona, Texas, Oklahoma,
                                     Kansas, Nebraska, North Dakota, South
                                     Dakota, Idaho, Utah, Colorado, Montana,
                                     Wyoming, Alaska, Hawaii

 Tape Positions 210-212 - Poverty Index

 Income status was determined by the Poverty Income Ratio (PIR).  Poverty
 statistics published in the Census Bureau reports 1-5 were based on the
 poverty index developed by the Social Security Administration (SSA) in 1964.
 (For a detailed discussion of the SSA poverty standards, see reference 6.)
 Modifications in the definition of poverty were adopted in 1969.7 The stand-
 ard data series in poverty for statistical use by all executive departments
 and establishments has been established.8

 The two components of the PIR are the total income of the household (numera-
 tors the median of the income group for incomes $7,000 and above; the sum of
 the porponent parts of the income questions for incomes under $7,000) and a
 multiple of the total income necessary to maintain a family with given
 characteristics on a nutritionally adequate food plan3 (denominator). The
 dollar value of the denominator of the PIR is constructed from a food plan
 (economy plan) necessary to maintain minimum recommended daily nutritional
 requirements.The economy plan is designated by the Department of Agriculture
 for "emergency or temporary use when funds are low."

 For families of three or more persons,the poverty level was set at three
 times the cost of the economy food plan.For smaller families and persons
 living alone,the cost of the economy food plan was adjusted by the relatively
 higher fixed expenses of these smaller households.

 The denominator or poverty income cutoff adjusts the family poverty income
 maintenance requirements by the family size, the sex of the family head, the
 age of the family head in families with one or two members, and the place of
 residence (farm, nonfarm).Annual revisions of the poverty income cutoffs are
 based on the changes in the average cost of living as reflected in the
 Consumer Price Index.

 As shown in the tables, the annual income considered to be the poverty level
 increases as the family size increases.  A family with any combination of
 characteristics and with the same income as shown in the table has been
 designated as having a PIR or poverty level of 1.0. The same family with
 twice the income found in the table would have a PIR of 2.0. Ratios of less
 than 1.0 can be described as "below poverty",ratios greater than or equal to
 1.0, as "at or above poverty".

 Poverty thresholds are computed on a national basis only. No attempt has been
 made to adjust these thresholds for regional,state,or other variations in the
 cost of living (except for the farm, nonfarm difference).None of the noncash
 public welfare benefits such as food stamp bonuses are included in the income
 of the low income families receiving these benefits.PIR has been adjusted by
 year (see tables) and accounts in some part for inflation.


 1   U.S. Bureau of the Census, Current Population Reports, Series P-60, No.
     107, "Money Income and Poverty Status of Families and Persons in the
     United States: 1976" (Advance Report) U.S. Government Printing Office,
     Washington, D.C., 1977.
 2   U.S. Bureau of the Census, Current Population Reports, Series P-60, No.
     116, "Money Income and Poverty Status of Families and Persons in the
     United States: 1977" (Advance Report) U.S. Government Printing Office,
     Washington, D.C., 1978.
 3   U.S. Bureau of the Census, Current Population Reports, Series P-60, No.
     120, "Money Income and Poverty Status of Families and Persons in the
     United States: 1978" (Advance Report), U.S. Government Printing Office,
     Washington, D.C., 1979.
 4   U.S. Bureau of the Census, Current Population Reports, Series P-60, No.
     125, "Money Income and Poverty Status of Families and Persons in the
     United States: 1979" (Advance Report), U.S. Government Printing Office,
     Washington, D.C., 1980.
 5   U.S. Bureau of the Census, Current Population Reports, Series P-60, No.
     127, "MoneyIncome and Poverty Status of Families and Persons in the
     United States: 1980"(Advance Data from the March 1981 Current Population
     Survey), U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C., 1981.
 6   Orshansky, M.: "Counting the Poor: Another Look at the Poverty Profile",
     Social Security Bulletin, January 1965; "Who's Who Among the Poor: A
     demographic View of Poverty", Social Security Bulletin, July 1965.
 7   U.S. Bureau of the Census, Current Population Reports, Series P-23,
     No. 28 "Special Studies", U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington,
     D.C., August 12, 1969.
 8   Circular No. A-46,Transmitted Memorandum No. 9,Executive Office of the
     President, Bureau of the Budget, August 29, 1969, and Exhibit L (rev.).

 Tape Positions 282-323

 A multistage estimation procedure was used to calculate the various NHANES
 II subsample sample weights that are necessary to use in any analysis of the
 data.The procedure has three basic components:(1) inflation by reciprocals
 of the probabilities of selection, (2) adjustment for nonresponse, and (3)
 poststratification ratio adjustment by age-sex-race. A brief description
 of each component is as follows:

     Inflation by reciprocals of the sampling probabilities.Since the survey
     utilized a three-stage sample design, there were three probabilities of
     selection:  (1) the probability of selecting the PSU,(2) the probability
     of selecting a segment (housing unit),and (3) the probability of select-
     ing a sample person.

     Adjustment for nonresponse.  Estimates from the NHANES II data were
     adjusted to account for sample persons who were not examined.  The
     estimates were inflated by a multiplication factor calculated within five
     selected income groups, three age groups, four regions, and standard
     metropolitan statistical area (SMSA) or non-SMSA.  The numerator of these
     factors was the sum of the weights for sample persons resulting from the
     reciprocal of the probability of selection, and the denominator was the
     sum of the weights for examined persons also resulting from the
     reciprocals of  the sampling probabilities.

 Poststratification by age-sex-race.  The estimates were ratio adjusted within
 each of 76 age-sex-race cells to an independent estimate,provided by the U.S.
 Bureau of the Census, of the population of each cell as of March 1, 1978,
 (approximate mid-point of the survey).  The ratio adjustment was a
 multiplication factor of which the numerator was the U.S.population and the
 denominator was the sum of the weights adjusted for nonresponse for examined
 persons.  This ratio estimation process makes the sample more closely
 representative of the civilian, noninstitutionalized population of the U.S.

 Potential bias of nonresponse.Usually a sizeable number of sample persons who
 initially are willing to complete the household information and some of the
 medical history questionnaire subsequently will not participate in the
 examination.This creates the potential for bias if these persons differ from
 other sample persons with respect to the variables being studied. Intense
 efforts were undertaken during NHANES II to develop and implement standard
 procedures and inducements that would reduce the number of nonrespondents
 and thereby reduce the potential for bias.

 The user needs to be aware of and should explore the potential bias for
 nonresponse in any analysis of the NHANES II data.

Tables (By Size of Family, Sex of Head, Farm-Nonfarm Residence)

 Table 15. Weighted Avg. Thresholds-Poverty Cutoffs in 1976
 Table 15.  WEIGHTED AVERAGE THRESHOLDS--POVERTY CUTOFFS IN 1976, BY SIZE OF
            FAMILY AND SEX OF HEAD, BY FARM-NONFARM RESIDENCE


                                                         NONFARM

 SIZE OF FAMILY UNIT            Total       Total     Male Head   Female Head
                               (Dollars)   (Dollars)   (Dollars)    (Dollars)

 1 Person (Unrelated
   Individual). . . . . . . . .  2 877       2 884       3 016        2 788
   14 to 64 Years . . . . . . .  2 954       2 959       3 069        2 840
   65 Years And Over. . . . . .  2 720       2 730       2 758        2 722

 2 Persons. . . . . . . . . . .  3 688       3 711       3 721        3 660
   Head 14 to 64 Years. . . . .  3 806       3 826       3 846        3 733
   Head 65 Years and Over . . .  3 417       3 445       3 447        3 428

 3 Persons. . . . . . . . . . .  4 515       4 540       4 565        4 414
 4 Persons. . . . . . . . . . .  5 786       5 815       5 818        5 790
 5 Persons. . . . . . . . . . .  6 838       6 876       6 884        6 799
 6 Persons. . . . . . . . . . .  7 706       7 760       7 766        7 709
 7 Persons Or More. . . . . . .  9 505       9 588       9 622        9 375


                                                            FARM

 SIZE OF FAMILY UNIT                       Total     Male Head   Female Head
                                          (Dollars)   (Dollars)    (Dollars)

 1 Person (Unrelated Individual). . . . .   2 438        2 532        2 348
   14 to 64 Years . . . . . . . . . . . .   2 542        2 608        2 413
   65 Years And Over. . . . . . . . . . .   2 322        2 344        2 313

 2 Persons. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   3 128        3 133        3 033
   Head 14 to 64 Years. . . . . . . . . .   3 267        3 271        3 159
   Head 65 Years and Over . . . . . . . .   2 928        2 928        2 922

 3 Persons. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   3 858        3 864        3 734
 4 Persons. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   4 950        4 953        4 840
 5 Persons. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   5 870        5 871        5 847
 6 Persons. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   6 585        6 584        6 607
 7 Persons Or More. . . . . . . . . . . .   8 072        8 068        8 428

Table 15. Weighted Avg. Thresholds-Poverty Cutoffs in 1977

 Table 15.  WEIGHTED AVERAGE THRESHOLDS--POVERTY CUTOFFS IN 1977, BY SIZE OF
            FAMILY AND SEX OF HEAD, BY FARM-NONFARM RESIDENCE


                                                         NONFARM

 SIZE OF FAMILY UNIT            Total       Total     Male Head   Female Head
                               (Dollars)   (Dollars)   (Dollars)    (Dollars)

 1 Person (Unrelated
   Individual). . . . . . . . .  3 067       3 075       3 214        2 969
   14 to 64 Years . . . . . . .  3 147       3 152       3 267        3 023
   65 Years And Over. . . . . .  2 895       2 906       2 936        2 898

 2 Persons. . . . . . . . . . .  3 928       3 951       3 961        3 907
   Head 14 to 64 Years. . . . .  4 054       4 072       4 095        3 981
   Head 65 Years and Over . . .  3 637       3 666       3 670        3 646

 3 Persons. . . . . . . . . . .  4 806       4 833       4 860        4 708
 4 Persons. . . . . . . . . . .  6 157       6 191       6 195        6 162
 5 Persons. . . . . . . . . . .  7 279       7 320       7 329        7 238
 6 Persons. . . . . . . . . . .  8 208       8 261       8 268        8 197
 7 Persons Or More. . . . . . . 10 137      10 216      10 249        9 995


                                                           FARM

 SIZE OF FAMILY UNIT                       Total     Male Head   Female Head
                                          (Dollars)   (Dollars)    (Dollars)

 1 Person (Unrelated Individual). . . . .   2 588        2 672        2 498
   14 to 64 Years . . . . . . . . . . . .   2 709        2 776        2 569
   65 Years And Over. . . . . . . . . . .   2 475        2 495        2 563

 2 Persons. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   3 318        3 325        3 176
   Head 14 to 64 Years. . . . . . . . . .   3 466        3 474        3 278
   Head 65 Years and Over . . . . . . . .   3 128        3 131        3 079

 3 Persons. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   4 093        4 110        3 893
 4 Persons. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   5 273        5 274        5 213
 5 Persons. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   6 247        6 247        6 237
 6 Persons. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   7 026        7 026        7 040
 7 Persons Or More. . . . . . . . . . . .   8 708        8 706        8 738

Table A-3. Weighted Avg. Thresholds at Poverty Level in 1978

 Table A-3. WEIGHTED AVERAGE THRESHOLDS AT THE POVERTY LEVEL IN 1978, BY SIZE
             OF FAMILY AND SEX OF HEAD, BY FARM-NONFARM RESIDENCE


                                                         NONFARM
 SIZE OF FAMILY UNIT                                     Male        Female
                                   Total       Total     Head1       Head1


 1 Person (Unrelated
   Individual). . . . . . . . .   $3,302      $3,311      $3,460       $3,196
   14 to 64 Years . . . . . . .    3,386       3,392       3,516        3,253
   65 Years And Over. . . . . .    3,116       3,127       3,159        3,118

 2 Persons. . . . . . . . . . .    4,225       4,249       4,258        4,206
   Head 14 to 64 Years. . . . .    4,363       4,383       4,407        4,286
   Head 65 Years and Over . . .    3,917       3,944       3,948        3,923

 3 Persons. . . . . . . . . . .    5,178       5,201       5,231        5,065
 4 Persons. . . . . . . . . . .    6,628       6,662       6,665        6,632
 5 Persons. . . . . . . . . . .    7,833       7,880       7,888        7,806
 6 Persons. . . . . . . . . . .    8,825       8,891       8,895        8,852
 7 Persons Or More. . . . . . .   10,926      11,002      11,038       10,765


                                                           FARM
 SIZE OF FAMILY UNIT                                     Male        Female
                                              Total      Head1       Head1


 1 Person (Unrelated Individual). . . . .    $2,795       $2,898       $2,690
   14 to 64 Years . . . . . . . . . . . .     2,913        2,987        2,764
   65 Years And Over. . . . . . . . . . .     2,661        2,685        2,650

 2 Persons. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .     3,578        3,582        3,497
   Head 14 to 64 Years. . . . . . . . . .     3,731        3,737        3,614
   Head 65 Years and Over . . . . . . . .     3,352        3,354        3,313

 3 Persons. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .     4,413        4,430        4,216
 4 Persons. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .     5,681        5,683        5,622
 5 Persons. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .     6,714        6,714        6,700
 6 Persons. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .     7,541        7,543        7,462
 7 Persons Or More. . . . . . . . . . . .     9,373        9,386        8,813


 1 For one person (i.e., unrelated individual), sex of the individual.

Table 17. Weighted Avg. Thresholds-Poverty Cutoffs in 1979

 Table 17.  WEIGHTED AVERAGE THRESHOLDS--POVERTY CUTOFFS IN 1979, BY SIZE AND
            TYPE OF FAMILY, BY FARM-NONFARM RESIDENCE


                                                          NONFARM
                                                         Families With
 SIZE OF FAMILY UNIT               Total       Total     Female HHLDR,
                                                     No Husband1    All Other
                                                       Present      Families2
                               (Dollars)   (Dollars)   (Dollars)    (Dollars)

 1 Person (Unrelated
   Individual). . . . . . . . .    3 683       3 689       3 556        3 855
   14 to 64 Years . . . . . . .    3 773       3 778       3 619        3 912
   65 Years And Over. . . . . .    3 472       3 479       3 469        3 515

 2 Persons. . . . . . . . . . .    4 702       4 725       4 669        4 737
   Head 14 to 64 Years. . . . .    4 858       4 878       4 762        4 905
   Head 65 Years and Over . . .    4 364       4 390       4 362        4 394

 3 Persons. . . . . . . . . . .    5 763       5 784       5 624        5 820
 4 Persons. . . . . . . . . . .    7 386       7 412       7 381        7 416
 5 Persons. . . . . . . . . . .    8 736       8 775       8 690        8 785
 6  Persons. . . . . . . . . . .    9 849       9 914       9 843        9 922
 7 Persons Or More. . . . . . .   12 212      12 280      12 037       12 322


                                                            FARM
                                                         Families With
                                                         Female HHLDR,
                                                     No Husband     All Other
 SIZE OF FAMILY UNIT                        Total      Present1     Families2
                                          (Dollars)   (Dollars)     (Dollars)

 1 Person (Unrelated Individual). . . . .     3 138        3 001        3 236
   14 to 64 Years . . . . . . . . . . . .     3 254        3 076        3 324
   65 Years And Over. . . . . . . . . . .     2 963        2 948        2 988

 2 Persons. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .     3 987        3 917        3 991
   Head 14 to 64 Years. . . . . . . . . .     4 156        4 027        4 163
   Head 65 Years and Over . . . . . . . .     3 730        3 686        3 732

 3 Persons. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .     4 917        4 680        4 928
 4 Persons. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .     6 329        6 261        6 332
 5 Persons. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .     7 492        7 509        7 492
 6 Persons. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .     8 424        8 309        8 428
 7 Persons Or More. . . . . . . . . . . .    10 533       10 178       10 547


 1 Includes female unrelated individuals.
 2 Includes male unrelated individuals.

Table 17. Weighted Avg. Thresholds-Poverty Cutoffs in 1980

 Table 17. WEIGHTED AVERAGE THRESHOLDS--POVERTY CUTOFFS IN 1980, BY SIZE AND
            TYPE OF FAMILY, BY FARM-NONFARM RESIDENCE


                                                           NONFARM
                                                         Families With
 SIZE OF FAMILY UNIT               Total       Total     Female HHLDR,
                                                     No Husband1   All Other
                                                       Present     Families2
                               (Dollars)   (Dollars)   (Dollars)    (Dollars)

 1 Person (Unrelated
   Individual). . . . . . . . .    4 184       4 190       4 037        4 379
   14 to 64 Years . . . . . . .    4 286       4 290       4 109        4 441
   65 Years And Over. . . . . .    3 941       3 949       3 938        3 990

 2 Persons. . . . . . . . . . .    5 338       5 363       5 316        5 373
   Head 14 to 64 Years. . . . .    5 518       5 537       5 415        5 568
   Head 65 Years and Over . . .    4 954       4 983       4 946        4 988

 3 Persons. . . . . . . . . . .    6 539       6 565       6 388        6 605
 4 Persons. . . . . . . . . . .    8 385       8 414       8 382        8 418
 5 Persons. . . . . . . . . . .    9 923       9 966       9 878        9 976
 6 Persons. . . . . . . . . . .   11 215      11 269      11 227       11 274
 7 Persons Or More. . . . . . .   13 883      13 955      13 767       13 986


                                                            FARM
                                                          Families With
                                                          Female HHLDR,
                                                      No Husband    All Other
 SIZE OF FAMILY UNIT                         Total      Present1    Families2
                                           (Dollars)   (Dollars)    (Dollars)

 1 Person (Unrelated Individual). . . . .    3 539        3 392        3 680
   14 to 64 Years . . . . . . . . . . . .    3 693        3 492        3 773
   65 Years And Over. . . . . . . . . . .    3 359        3 347        3 392

 2 Persons. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .    4 502        4 302        4 513
   Head 14 to 64 Years. . . . . . . . . .    4 714        4 497        4 721
   Head 65 Years and Over . . . . . . . .    4 233        4 185        4 237

 3 Persons. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .    5 573        5 271        5 587
 4 Persons. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .    7 170        7 152        7 170
 5 Persons. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .    8 472        8 373        8 474
 6 Persons. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .    9 613        9 168        9 625
 7 Persons Or More. . . . . . . . . . . .    11 915       12 133       11 389


 1 Includes female unrelated individuals.
 2 Includes male unrelated individuals.


ANTHROPOMETRIC DATA INFORMATION

 General Information
 
    Anthropometry:  In the mobile examination center, two health tech-
 nicians obtained measurements of height and weight and a series of body and
 skinfold measurements for all examinees.  See Appendix B for a description
 of procedures and instructions for body measurements from the NHANES II
 examination staff procedures manual.

 Data Editing

 Anthropometry Data Editing: All anthropometric measurements obtained in the
 mobile examination center were compiled and keyed by the U.S. Bureau of the
 Census and sent to the Division of Health Examination Statistics on tape.
 The data were edited for completeness and accuracy and certain consistency
 and range edits were performed to check for unusual or problematic data.
 When a question of accuracy arose, reference was made to microfilm
 records of the original recording documents.

 Anthropometric Data Summary
                                                              Tape Positions

 Catalog Number 5301                                              351-354
 Examiner Number                                                  355-356

                              Bitrochanteric Breadth              357-359

 Imputation Code                                                    360

                                  Elbow Breadth

 Right side measurement                                           361-363
 Imputation Code (right side)                                       364
 Left side measurement                                            365-367

                                 Upper Arm Girth

 Right side measurement                                           368-370
 Imputation Code (right side)                                       371
 Left side measurement                                            372-374

                                Chest Circumference

 Erect (ages 2-7 years only)                                      375-377
 Supine (age 3 years and under)                                   378-380

                                Head Circumference                381-383

                                Triceps Skinfold

 Right side measurement                                           384-386
 Imputation Code (right side)                                       387
 Left side measurement                                            388-390

                              Subscapular Skinfold

 Right side measurement                                           391-393
 Imputation Code (right side)                                       394
 Left side measurement                                            395-397

                                  Sitting Height                  398-401

 Imputation Code                                                    402

                                   Crown Rump                    403-405

 Is examinee right or left handed?                                  406

                                     Weight

 In pounds                                                407-411
 In kilograms                                                   412-416
 Imputation Code                                                    417

                                     Height

 In centimeters                                                   418-421
 In inches                                                422-424
 Imputation Code                                                    425

                                 Recumbent Length                 426-429

 Use of Special Terms
 
 Anthropometry Data
  
 The term "data user work area" refers to blank areas in the data tape
 which are reserved for the user as needed.

 The term "blank, but applicable", is used to indicate a data item
 that was to have a response for a sample person but none was given.
 The terms "blank" and "Not Applicable" refer to data items where the
 sample person was not supposed to respond to the question or receive the
 examination component.

 To more fully understand the questionnaire skip patterns and the
 categorizations used, see the Plan and Operation of the Second National
 Health and Nutrition Examination Survey document included with this
 documenation. All the questionnaires are included in this document.

 Anthropometric Data - Record Layout

 351-354. Catalog
 TAPE                                         CONTROL  NHANES II DATA SOURCE
 POS.   ITEM DESCRIPTION & CODES              COUNTS   OR NOTES

 351-   Catalog Number                        20,322
 354    5301

 355-356. Examiner Number
 TAPE                                         CONTROL  NHANES II DATA SOURCE
 POS.   ITEM DESCRIPTION & CODES              COUNTS   OR NOTES

 355-   Examiner Number                                See Appendix B for a
 356                                                   description of body
        01 - 95 - As given                    20,319   measurement proce-
        88 - Blank, but applicable                 3   dures.

 357-359. Bitrochanteric Breadth
 TAPE                                         CONTROL  NHANES II DATA SOURCE
 POS.   ITEM DESCRIPTION & CODES              COUNTS   OR NOTES

 357-   Bitrochanteric Breadth
 359    (in cm. - xx.x - decimal not shown
        on tape)

        099 - 534 - As given                  20,322

 360. Imputation Code
 TAPE                                         CONTROL  NHANES II DATA SOURCE
 POS.   ITEM DESCRIPTION & CODES              COUNTS   OR NOTES

 360    Imputation Code

        Blank - As observed                   20,220
            1 - Missing data - imputed           102

 361-363. Elbow Breadth - Right Side Measurement
 TAPE                                         CONTROL  NHANES II DATA SOURCE
 POS.   ITEM DESCRIPTION & CODES              COUNTS   OR NOTES

        Elbow Breadth
        (in cm. - xx.x - decimal not shown
        on tape)

 361-   Right side measurement
 363
        026-099 - As given                    20,322

 364. Elbow Breadth - Imputation Code (Right Side)
 TAPE                                         CONTROL  NHANES II DATA SOURCE
 POS.   ITEM DESCRIPTION & CODES              COUNTS   OR NOTES

        Elbow Breadth
        (in cm. - xx.x - decimal not shown
        on tape)

 364    Imputation Code (right side)

        Blank - As observed                   20,272
            1 - Missing data - imputed            50

 365-367. Elbow Breadth - Left Side Measurement
 TAPE                                         CONTROL  NHANES II DATA SOURCE
 POS.   ITEM DESCRIPTION & CODES              COUNTS   OR NOTES

        Elbow Breadth
        (in cm. - xx.x - decimal not shown
        on tape)

 365-   Left side measurement
 367    (in cm. - xx.x - decimal not shown on
        tape)                                            See Detailed Notes

        031-091 - As given                     3,962
            888 - Blank, but applicable          136
            999 - Not applicable              16,224

 368-370. Upper Arm Girth - Right Side Measurement
 TAPE                                         CONTROL  NHANES II DATA SOURCE
 POS.   ITEM DESCRIPTION & CODES              COUNTS   OR NOTES

        Upper Arm Girth
        (in cm. - xx.x - decimal not shown
        on tape)

 368-   Right side measurement
 370
        105 - 576 - As given                  20,322

 371. Upper Arm Girth - Imputation Code (Right Side)
 TAPE                                         CONTROL  NHANES II DATA SOURCE
 POS.   ITEM DESCRIPTION & CODES              COUNTS   OR NOTES

        Upper Arm Girth
        (in cm. - xx.x - decimal not shown
        on tape)

 371    Imputation Code (right side)

        Blank - As observed                   20,254
            1 - Missing data imputed              68

 372-374. Upper Arm Girth - Left Side Measurement
 TAPE                                         CONTROL  NHANES II DATA SOURCE
 POS.   ITEM DESCRIPTION & CODES              COUNTS   OR NOTES

        Upper Arm Girth
        (in cm. - xx.x - decimal not shown
        on tape)

 372-   Left side measurement
 374    (in cm. - xx.x - decimal not shown on
        tape)                                            See Detailed Notes

        124 - 525 - As given                   3,957
              888 - Blank, but applicable        141
              999 - Not applicable            16,224

 375-377. Chest Circumference - Erect (Ages 2-7)
 TAPE                                         CONTROL  NHANES II DATA SOURCE
 POS.   ITEM DESCRIPTION & CODES              COUNTS   OR NOTES

        Chest Circumference
        (in cm. - xx.x - decimal not shown
        on tape)

 375-   Erect (ages 2 through 7)
 377
        422 - 759 - As given                   3,571     See Detailed Notes
              888 - Blank, but applicable         60
              999 - Not applicable - less
                    than 2 years              16,691

 378-380. Chest Circumference - Supine (Ages 3 and Under)
 TAPE                                         CONTROL  NHANES II DATA SOURCE
 POS.   ITEM DESCRIPTION & CODES              COUNTS   OR NOTES

        Chest Circumference
        (in cm. - xx.x - decimal not shown
        on tape)

 378-   Supine (ages 3 and under)
 380
        285 - 712 - As given                   2,512      See Detailed Notes
              888 - Blank, but applicable         45
              999 - Not applicable 4-74
                    years old                 17,765

 381-383. Head Circumference (Ages 7 and Under)
 TAPE                                         CONTROL  NHANES II DATA SOURCE
 POS.   ITEM DESCRIPTION & CODES              COUNTS   OR NOTES

 381-   Head Circumference (ages 7 and under)
 383    (in cm. - xx.x - decimal not shown
        on tape)                                        See Detailed Notes

        347 - 652 - As given                   4,625
              888 - Blank, but applicable         66
              999 - Not applicable 8-74
                    years old                 15,631

 384-386. Triceps Skinfold - Right Side Measurement
 TAPE                                         CONTROL  NHANES II DATA SOURCE
 POS.   ITEM DESCRIPTION & CODES              COUNTS   OR NOTES

        Triceps skinfold
        (in mm. - xx.x - decimal not shown
        on tape)

 384-   Right side measurement
 386
        010 - 650 - As given                  20,322

 387. Triceps Skinfold - Imputation Code (Right Side)
 TAPE                                         CONTROL  NHANES II DATA SOURCE
 POS.   ITEM DESCRIPTION & CODES              COUNTS   OR NOTES

        Triceps skinfold
        (in mm. - xx.x - decimal not shown
        on tape)

 387    Imputation Code (right side)

        Blank - As observed                   20,159
            1 - Missing data imputed             163

 388-390. Triceps Skinfold - Left Side Measurement
 TAPE                                         CONTROL  NHANES II DATA SOURCE
 POS.   ITEM DESCRIPTION & CODES              COUNTS   OR NOTES

        Triceps skinfold
        (in mm. - xx.x - decimal not shown
        on tape)

 388-   Left side measurement
 390                                                     See Detailed Notes
        010 - 565 - As given                   3,939
              888 - Blank, but applicable        159
              999 - Not applicable            16,224

 391-393. Subscapular Skinfold - Right Side Measurement
 TAPE                                         CONTROL  NHANES II DATA SOURCE
 POS.   ITEM DESCRIPTION & CODES              COUNTS   OR NOTES

        Subscapular skinfold
        (in mm. - xx.x - decimal not shown
        on tape)

 391-   Right side measurement
 393
        010 - 650 - As given                  20,322

 394. Subscapular Skinfold - Imputation Code (Right Side)
 TAPE                                         CONTROL  NHANES II DATA SOURCE
 POS.   ITEM DESCRIPTION & CODES              COUNTS   OR NOTES

        Subscapular skinfold
        (in mm. - xx.x - decimal not shown
        on tape)

 394    Imputation Code (right side)

        Blank - As observed                   20,041
            1 - Missing data imputed             281

 395-397. Subscapular Skinfold - Left Side Measurement
 TAPE                                         CONTROL  NHANES II DATA SOURCE
 POS.   ITEM DESCRIPTION & CODES              COUNTS   OR NOTES

        Subscapular skinfold
        (in mm. - xx.x - decimal not shown
        on tape)

 395-   Left side measurement
 397                                                      See Detailed Notes
        005 - 650 - As given                   3,909
              808 - Blank, but applicable        189
              999 - Not applicable            16,224

 398-401. Sitting Height (Ages 2 and Over)
 TAPE                                         CONTROL  NHANES II DATA SOURCE
 POS.   ITEM DESCRIPTION & CODES              COUNTS   OR NOTES

 398-   Sitting Height (ages 2 and over)
 401    (in cm. - xxx.x - decimal not shown
        on tape)

        0414 - 1046 - As given                19,260
               9999 - Not applicable - Less
                      than 2 years old         1,062

 402. Imputation Code
 TAPE                                         CONTROL  NHANES II DATA SOURCE
 POS.   ITEM DESCRIPTION & CODES              COUNTS   OR NOTES

 402    Imputation Code

        Blank - As observed                   20,199
            1 - Missing data imputed             123

 403-405. Crown Rump (Ages 3 and Under)
 TAPE                                         CONTROL  NHANES II DATA SOURCE
 POS.   ITEM DESCRIPTION & CODES              COUNTS   OR NOTES

 403-   Crown Rump (ages 3 and under)
 405    (in cm. - xx.x - decimal not shown
        on tape)                                          See Detailed Notes

        348 - 666 - As given                   2,509
              888 - Blank, but applicable         48
              999 - Not applicable 4-74 years
                    old                       17,765

 406. Is Examinee Right or Left Handed?
 TAPE                                         CONTROL  NHANES II DATA SOURCE
 POS.   ITEM DESCRIPTION & CODES              COUNTS   OR NOTES

 406    Is Examinee right or left handed?                 See Detailed Notes

        1 - Right handed                      17,121
        2 - Left handed                        1,574
        3 - Uses both hands about the same       487
        4 - Not sure                             675
        8 - Blank, but applicable                465

 407-411. Weight in Pounds
 TAPE                                         CONTROL  NHANES II DATA SOURCE
 POS.   ITEM DESCRIPTION & CODES              COUNTS   OR NOTES

 407-   Weight
 411    (in pounds - xxx.xx - decimal not
        shown on tape)

        01175 - 38775 - As given              20,322

 412-416. Weight in Kilograms
 TAPE                                         CONTROL  NHANES II DATA SOURCE
 POS.   ITEM DESCRIPTION & CODES              COUNTS   OR NOTES

 412-   Weight
 416    (in kilograms - xxx.xx - decimal not
        shown on tape)

        00533 - 17588 - As given              20,322

 417. Imputation Code - Weight
 TAPE                                         CONTROL  NHANES II DATA SOURCE
 POS.   ITEM DESCRIPTION & CODES              COUNTS   OR NOTES

 417    Imputation Code

        Blank - As observed                   20,296
            1 - Missing data imputed              26

 418-421. Height in Centimeters (Ages 2 and Over)
 TAPE                                         CONTROL  NHANES II DATA SOURCE
 POS.   ITEM DESCRIPTION & CODES              COUNTS   OR NOTES

 418-   Height (ages 2 and over)
 421    (in centimeters - xxx.x - decimal not
        shown on tape)

        0766 - 2000 - As given                19,260
               9999 - Not applicable - less
                      than 2 years old         1,062

 422-424. Height in Inches (Ages 2 and Over)
 TAPE                                         CONTROL  NHANES II DATA SOURCE
 POS.   ITEM DESCRIPTION & CODES              COUNTS   OR NOTES

 422-   Height (ages 2 and over)
 424    (in inches - xx.x - decimal not
        shown on tape)

        302 - 787 - As given                  19,260    Computer Generated
              999 - Not applicable - less
                      than 2 years old         1,062

 425. Imputation Code - Height
 TAPE                                         CONTROL  NHANES II DATA SOURCE
 POS.   ITEM DESCRIPTION & CODES              COUNTS   OR NOTES

 425    Imputation Code

        Blank - As observed                   20,258
            1 - Missing data imputed              64

 426-429. Recumbent Length in Centimeters (Ages 3 and Under)
 TAPE                                         CONTROL  NHANES II DATA SOURCE
 POS.   ITEM DESCRIPTION & CODES              COUNTS   OR NOTES

 426-   Recumbent Length (ages 3 and under)
 429    (in cm. - xxx.x - decimal not shown on
        tape)                                             See Detailed Notes

        0500 - 1251 - As given                 2,511
               8888 - Blank, but applicable       46
               9999 - Not applicable 4-74
                      years old               17,765


 DETAILED NOTES, ANTHROPOMETRIC DATA

 Tape Positions 365-367, 372-374, 388-290, 395-397-Left Side Meas
 
 Left side measurements of the elbow breadth, upper arm girth, triceps
 skinfold, and subscapular skinfold were randomly done on approximately
 20 percent of the examined sample persons.  These measures were collected
 for quality control purposes and are not a representative sample of the
 U.S. population. Therefore, none of the sample weights are applicable for
 analysis using these measurements.

 Tape Positions 375-383, 403-406, 426-429
 
 The missing data for the following Anthropometric Measurements were not
 imputed:  Chest circumference (Erect, Supine); Head circumference; Crown
 Rump; Is examinee right or left handed?; Recumbent length


APPENDIX A - DATA COLLECTION TECHNIQUES AND CONTENT

 The plan developed with respect to the content of NHANES II called for the
 following:
     A.  Questionnaires completed in the household:
         (1)  Household questionnaire:  For each household member, questions
              referred to family relationships;certain demographic items such
              as age, sex, and race; selected housing information;occupation,
              income, education, veteran status; and an indication of
              participation in food stamp programs.
         (2)  Medical history questionnaires:
              (a)  For each sample person ages 6 months-11 years
                 The questionnaire included items on birth weight,
                 prematurity,congenital conditions, medication, neurological
                 conditions, lead poisoning, accidents, hospital care,
                 disability, diarrhea, pica, vision, and a variety of chronic
                 conditions.  In addition, data were collected on allergies,
                 kidney and bladder disease, anemia, speech and hearing, lung
                 and chest conditions, and participation in food programs.
              (b)  For each sample person ages 12-74 years
                 The questionnaire included items on medication; hospital
                 care; tuberculosis; a variety of acute and chronic diseases;
                 tobacco usage, physical activity; weight; height; vision
                 disability, exposure to pesticides; gastrointestinal
                 problems; and for females; a menstrual and pregnancy
                 history.  In addition, data were collected on anemia,
                 diabetes, respiratory condition, hearing and speech, liver
                 and gallbladder conditions, kidney and bladder disease,
                 allergies, hypertension, cardiovascular conditions, stroke,
                 arthritis (stressing middle and upper back and neck
                 problems), and participation in food programs.
         Questionnaires and tests administered in the mobile examination
         center:
         (3)  Dietary Questionnaires
            (a)  For each examined person, a 24-Hour Recall was administered
                 by trained dietary interviewers.  Specific and quantitative
                 detail of every food or drink consumed during the previous
                 day was recorded and calculated, thus providing estimates of
                 calories, protein, carbohydrates, fat, unsaturated fats,
               cholesterol, and specific vitamins and minerals consumed.
            (b)  For each examined person, a Food Frequency interview was
                 administered to ascertain usual patterns of food consumption.
                 Daily and/or weekly consumption of foods within 26 subgroups
                 were recorded.  In addition, data were collected on usual
                 vitamin-mineral supplement usage.
            (c)  For each person ages 12-74 years, a Dietary Supplement form
                 was self-administered and reviewed.  This form provided
                 information on special diets, recent medications and barriers
                 to purchasing groceries or eating foods; it does not provide
                 information on vitamin/mineral or other supplements to the
                 diet.
         (4)  Medication/Vitamin Usage Form provided information on the past
              week's usage of any medicines; vitamins or minerals for al
              examined persons.
         (5)  Behavior Questionnaire elicited data on behavior which may be
              associated with coronary heart disease for examined persons
              ages 25-74.
              B.  Examination by physician
                  A physician performed and recorded the results of a medical
                  examination giving special attention to specified findings
                  related to nutrition, to hearing, to the thyroid gland,and
                  to the cardiovascular, respiratory, neurological and
                  musculoskeletal systems.
              C.  Special clinical procedures and tests
                  A specially trained health technician carried out the
                  following on examined persons in the designated age ranges:
                  1.  Spirometry trials of examined persons ages 6-24 years,
                    were digitized and recorded on magnetic tape.  Various
                    pulmonary function indicators such as FVC (forced vital
                    capacity), FEV1 (forced expiratory volume in one second),
                    and peak flow rate were subsequently derived from these
                    data.
                2.  Electrocardiograms Electrocardiographic signals of
                    examined persons ages 25-74 years were digitized and
                    recorded on magnetic tape providing normative data of
                    amplitude, duration, interval and axis measurements and
                    permitting interpretations of heart disease according to
                    the Minnesota classification code.
                3.  Body Measurements were made on all examinees and included
                    standing height, body weight, triceps and subscapular
                    skinfolds, and several other anthropometric measurements.
                4.  Puretone audiometry Tests were carried out on examined
                    persons between the ages of 4 and 19 years, permitting
                    determination of threshold levels of hearing for
                    frequencies of 500, 1000, 2000, and 4000 Hertz for right
                    and left ears.
                5.  Speech recording, involving use of tape recording of the
                    subject's repetition of specially developed sentences,was
                    carried out on examined persons between the ages of 4 and
                    6 years, permitting interpretations as an indication of
                    problems with articulation and language development.
                6.  Allergy tests, involving skin tests (prick test) with
                    eight common allergens (housedust, alternaria, cat fur,
                    dog fur, ragweed, oak, rye grass, and Bermuda grass).The
                    tests were made on examined persons between the ages of 6
                    and 74 years, to obtain degrees of skin reaction.
              D.  X-Rays
                  For examined persons ages 25-74 years, two x-rays were made.
                  No x-rays were taken of pregnant women and no lumbar x-rays
                  were taken on women under 50 years of age.
                1.  X-ray of cervical and lumbar spine, were taken to provide
                    evidence of osteoarthritis and degenerative disc disease,
                    and
                2.  X-ray of chest, to be used in the diagnosis of respiratory
                    diseases and to serve as a measure of left ventricular
                    enlargement.
             E.  Urine tests
                Tests as follows were performed on casual samples of urine:
                1.  N-Multistix tests for qualitative protein, glucose,
                    ketones, bilirubin, blood, urobilinogen, pH, and
                    bacteriuria (nitrite test) were done for examined persons
                    ages 6-74 years.
                2.  Urinary sediments, including red cells, white cells, and
                    casts, were measured for a subsample of examined adults
                    ages 20-74 years.
                3.  Gonorrhea cultures, of urinary sediments were performed
                    for male and female examined persons ages 12-40 years.
                    However, of those females who received the Glucose
                    Tolerance Test (GTT) only those ages 20-24 years had the
                    gonorrhea test performed.
                4.  Analyses for pesticide residue and metabolite levels,were
                    carried out on a subsample of examined persons ages 12-74
                    years, including measures of the body burdens from
                    exposure to alkyl phosphate residues and metabolites,
                    carbamate residues, phenolic compound residues and
                    malathion metabolites.
            F.  Tests on blood samples
                Samples of blood provide a broad range of information related
                to health and nutrition.  The particular tests performed
                varied with the specific target condition and age group as
                described in the Series 1, No.15 program description (page
                39).
                1.  Glucose tolerance test (GTT)
                    This test involved collection of blood specimens while in
                  a fasting state, as well as at one and two hours after
                  glucose challenge.  The test was performed on a specified
                  subsample of examined adults to provide estimates of the
                  prevalence of diabetes.
                2.  Tests related to liver function
                    (a)  Post-prandial liver bile acid test.  This test
                     measures the ability of the liver to remove bile
                     acids from the blood following consumption of a food
                     preparation which induces eventual addition of bile
                           acids to the blood via contraction of the
                           gallbladder.
                   (b)  Liver biochemistries performed include bilirubin,
                        SGOT, and alkaline phosphatase tests.
                  3.  Anemia-related laboratory tests
                      The tests made to characterize anemia consisted of
                      protoporphyrin,iron,total iron binding capacity (TIBC),
                      zinc, copper, red cell folates, serum folates, serum
                      ferritin, B12, and the determination of abnormal
                      hemoglobin.
                  4.  Other nutritional biochemistries
                      These tests include albumin,Vitamin A and Vitamin C.
                  5.  Serum lipids
                      Because of their important relevance to cardiovascular
                      disease, determinations were made of cholesterol,
                      triglycerides, and high density lipoprotein (HDL).
                  6.  Biochemistries for body burden from environmental
                      exposures
                      Determinations were made of body burden levels of lead
                      and pesticide residues and metabolites.Tests were also
                      performed for carboxyhemoglobin which reflects
                      environmental exposure to carbon monoxide and the
                      individual's smoking habits.
                  7.  Hematology
                      The hematology included determinations of hemoglobin,
                      hematocrit,red blood cell count,white blood cell count
                      and differential leukocyte analysis, and red blood cell
                      morphology and hemoglobin phenotyping.
                  8.  Kidney function
                    The only quantitative test for kidney function performed
                    on blood samples was the serum creatinine test.
                9.  Syphilis
                    The serology determinations for syphilis included
                    qualitative and quantitative ART, a FTA-ABS and MHA-TP.


APPENDIX B - BODY MEASUREMENT PROCEDURES

 Equipment

     Anthropometer parts:  2 sets of four sections each, 4 sliding arms,
       1 circuar metal base
     Body measurement table
     Footstool
     Sliding calipers
     Skinfold calipers
     Steel tape
     Fiberglass tape
     Special height scale
     Polaroid land camera
     Special light attachment for camera
     Self-balancing weight scale
     Set of weights for calibration of weight scale (one 25-lb. weight
       and five 50-lb. weights)
     Children's measuring board

 Anthropometers
 
    Two anthropometers are provided, one as a spare.  Each anthropometer
 consists of a rod in four sections with two caliper arms.  One of the arms
 is fixed to the top end of the instrument: the other slides. The lower two
 sections are used for sitting heights and will be mounted in the circular
 metal base.  The top section is used for bitrochanteric breadth.  The
 remaining section can be used when required for measuring sitting heights
 of large examinees.  The sliding calipers used to measure elbow breadth may
 become too loose; if so, use candle wax to tighten them.
     With these anthropometers there are three sources of error which must
 be checked daily.  The chief technician should see that:

     1. The anthropometer numbers read in the proper sequence and the
        movable arms slide freely without slipping;
     2. When mounted in the base, the instruments stands vertically
        without support; and
     3. The bottom end of the anthropometer is perfectly flush with the
        undersurface of the metal stand. (Do not handle anthropometers by
        the upper ends alone as this tends to wrench them from their bases.)

 Measuring and Recording
 
    The examiner takes each measurement and says it to the recorder. The
 recorder repeats the number, records it in the proper space, and says the
 name of the next measurement.  The examiner should keep the measuring
 instrument set until the recorder repeats the number. If the anthropometer
 becomes unset in any way before the measurement is read back, the measurement
 should be made again.  On standing measurements the recorder will ensure that
 the subject stands erect. For the standing height measurement the recorder
 should check the height photo to be sure of the accuracy of the technician's
 reading.
     A recorder is important because he helps ensure the accurate recording
 of the measurement while also helping the examiner position the examinee
 correctly. The recorder also assists the examiner by seeing that the steel
 tape is horizontal with proper tension when girths are measured.  The
 recorder, having had the same training as the examiner, should recognize an
 error in measurement or in reading from the wrong scale. (The anthropometer
 has two scales--ascending and descending.)  When he does see an error he
 should call it to the examiner's attention and have the mistake corrected.
     All measurements are to be taken to the nearest tenth of a centimeter,
 except skinfolds which are to be taken to the nearest half of a millimeter.
 If the digit to the right of the last digit to be recorded appears to be
 exactly 5, the last digit to be recorded should be raised one unit if
 it is odd or stay unchanged if it is even. If a skinfold is too tight to
 be measured, write "too tight" in the recording space for that measurement
 (but, do try to get the subject to relax for the measurement).
     The original examiner and recorder will complete an examination once
 it is started.
     The measurements taken consist of various heights, breadths, girths, &
 skinfolds. All are to be taken on the right side of the body if possible.
 When any of the measurements cannot be taken on the right side because
 of casts, amputations, or any other reasons, these particular measurements
 should be made on the left side and the reasons noted on the recording page.
     When the examinee's sample number ends in "3" or "6," four of the
 measurements are to be taken on the left side, as well as the right
 side unless there is some reason it is impossible to take them on the
 left side.  In this instance, again, the reason not taken should be
 noted on the body measurement page.

 Procedure for Measuring Examinees 8 Years and Over
 
    Record on the control record the examiner number and the time the
 procedure begins.  Record on the body measurement form the examiner
 and recorder numbers.
     Have the examinee stand with his feet together in the standard erect
 position for the following five measurements.

     1.  Bitrochanteric breadth--With the top section of the anthropometer
         measure to the nearest 0.1 cm the maximum breadth of the body at
         the level of the greater femoral trochanters.  Compress the soft
         tissue over the trochanters as much as possible by applying pressure
         on the caliper arms near where they touch the body (not where the
         arms are attached to the anthropometer).  Take this measurement
         over the examinee's gown.

     2.  Elbow breadth--Have the examinee extend his right arm forward
         until it is perpendicular to his body. Bend the arm so the angle
         at the elbow forms 90* with the fingers pointing up and the dorsal
         part of the wrist toward the examiner. With the sliding calipers
         along the axis of the upper arm, measure to the nearest 0.1 cm the
         greatest breadth across the elbow joint.  This is a bone to bone
         measurement across the epicondyles of the humerus and is usually
         taken at an oblique angle because the inner condyle is lower than the
         outer condyle.  Be careful that the calipers do not slide off the
         epicondyle.

     3.  Upper arm girth--With the examinee's right arm flexed 90* at
         the elbow, use the fiberglass tape to measure to the nearest 0.1
         cm the distance from the outer edge of the acromial process to the
         olecranon process of the ulna. Mark the outer edge of the acromial
         process first, then place the tape on the mark and locate the
         midpoint between the acrimial and olecranon processes. Mark this
         midpoint carefully. This is the level at which both the arm girth
         and triceps skinfold are measured.

     4.  Triceps skinfold--Have the examinee relax his shoulder and let his
         arm hand freely at his side. Mark a point on the right midtriceps
         in the same plane as the midhumeral point used for the upper arm
         girth & perpendicular to the olecranon process of the ulna. Grasp
         the skin and subcutaneous tissue firmly with thumb and forefinger
         approximately 1 cm above this level and draw directly back from
         the body making sure that no muscle tissue is included in the fold.
         The crest of the fold should be parallel to the long axis of the
         arm. Apply the calipers at the level of the point marked above
         and measure the fold to the nearest 1/2 mm without releasing the
         fingers. Take a second measurement; if the two disagree, continue
         taking measurements until you get two that agree to within 1 mm.

     5.  Subscapular skinfold--Have the examinee relax his shoulders
         and arms.  Palpate the inferior angle of the scapula.  Grasp a
         fold of skin and subcutaneous tissue directly above the angle
         firmly with the thumb & forefinger and draw straight back from
         the body making sure that no muscle tissue is included in the fold.
         The fold should parallel natural cleavage lines of the skin which
         are often lines about 45* from the horizontal extending medially
         upward. Apply the calipers about 1 cm below the thumb & forefinger
         and measure the fold to the nearest 1/2 mm without releasing the
         fingers. Take a second measurement; if the two disagree, continue
         taking measurements until two agree to within 1 mm.

     6.  Sitting height--Have the examinee sit as far back on the measuring
         table as he can so that the backs of his knee joints (popliteal
         fossae) are at the front edge of the table. Have him sit erectly
         with his eyes straight ahead & the infraorbital meatal line parallel
         to the table top (i.e., eyes in horizontal plane looking straight
         ahead). Check with the recorder on the examinee's position before
         making the measurement. Then bring the caliper arm down firmly
         against the midline of the examinee's head. (Note: you might
         have to compress some hairstyles.) Take the measurement to the
         nearest 0.1 cm with your eyes at the same level as the caliper arm.
         Do not make the reading at an angle. Shorter technicians should
         use the stool available in the measuring room as an aid.

     7.  Ask the examinee whether he is right-handed or left-handed and
         record his answer by checking the appropriate box.

     8.  Weight
         a.  Examinees who weigh 250 pounds or less:
             (1) Ask the examinee to stand still on the scale (in slippers).
             (2) Wait until the scale pointer stops moving.
             (3) Insert the bottom of the body measurement page on the case
                 record in the slot at the front of the scale's printer.
             (4) Depress the bar on the front of the printer to record the
                 weight on the record to the nearest quarter of a pound.
             (5) Check to be sure that the recorded weight is legible.
             (6) Record weight on the body measurement form in the space
                 provided (Item 10) near the bottom of the form.  Always
                 record the weight in five digits, fill in the blank
                 spaces with zeroes as appropriate, e.g., 98.5 should
                 be entered as 098.50.
         b.  Examinees who weight more than 250 pounds:
             Since the scale printer will only print to 250 pounds, the
             following procedure must be followed if an examinee weighs
             more than 250 pounds:
             (1) If the examinee weighs more than 250 pounds, but no
                 more than 350 pounds:
                 (a) Move the bottom weight on the notched bar on the front
                     of the scale to 100 pounds (far right);
                 (b) Weigh the examinee and stamp his case record just
                     as though he weighed less than 250 pounds;
                 (c) Add 100 pounds to the stamped weight total on the body
                     measurement page; and then
                 (d) Record the total weight (stamped weight plus 100 pounds)
                     in the proper space on the body measurement page.
             (2) If the examinee weighs more than 350 pounds, but no
                 more than 400 pounds:
                 (a) Move the bottom weight on the notched bar to 100 pounds;
                 (b) Move the top weight on the numbered bar to 50 pounds
                     (far right);
                 (c) Weigh the examinee and stamp his case record just as
                     though he weighed less than 250 pounds;
                 (d) Add 150 pounds to the stamped weight total on the body
                     measurement page; and then
                 (e) Record the total weight (stamped weight plus 150 pounds)
                     in the proper space on the body measurement page.
             (3) If the examinee weighs more than 400 pounds ask him to
                 estimate his weight.

     9.  Height
         a.  Have the examinee stand erect with his back and heels against
             the upright bar of the height scale, ("Stand up tall" or "Stand
             up straight") with feet together and head in the Frankfort
             Horizontal Plane ("Look straight ahead"). Grasp the examinee
             under the mastoid processes and stretch him gently upward.
         b.  Bring the horizontal bar down snugly to the examinee's head.
         c.  Stick one of the sample number labels next to the tape on the
             upright bar so the number label can be read when the height
             scale is photographed.
         d.  Photograph the height measurement and ask the examinee to
             step aside.
         e.  Process the film and place the sample number label from
             the height scale on the photo.  Do not cover up the scale
             or the photographed sample number.
         f.  Record the standing height on the body measurement form as read
             from the photograph in the space provided (Item 11).  This
             should be recorded in four digits to the nearest mm (0.1 of cm)
             from the metric scale. If there are less than four digits,
             fill in the blank spaces with zeroes as appropriate, e.g.,
             99.0 should be 099.0.  When the measurement is exactly at
             the half-way point between 2 mm round up if the preceding
             whole number is odd and round down if even.

 Procedure for Measuring Children Under 8 Years Old

     1.  Bitrochanteric breadth--Use the same procedure as that for older
         examinees.

     2.  Elbow breadth--With child standing or sitting, use the same
         procedure as that for older examinees.

     3.  Upper arm girth--The arm must be fully extended and as relaxed as
         possible.  Otherwise, use the same procedure as that for older
         examinees.

     4.  Chest circumference
         a.  2 years old and over, standing--Using the steel tape, measure
             to the nearest 0.1 cm the chest circumference at the level
             of the nipple line at midrespiration, with the examinee
             breathing normally and with his arms relaxed at the sides.
             The tape should pass around the chest so that it is at right
             angles to the longitudinal axis of the body.
         b.  3 years old and under, supine--Measure the child lying supine
             on the infant measuring board. Measure the circumference with a
             steel tape at nipple level, the tape being placed at the right
             angles to the longitudinal axis of the body. The measurement
             is taken to the nearest 0.1 cm at normal midrespiration.

     5.  Head circumference--The child can be either sitting or standing.
         Steady the child's head & measure its circumference to the nearest
         0.1 cm by placing the steel tape firmly around the frontal bones
         (forehead) just above but not including the supra-orbital ridges,
         passing it around the head just above the ears on each side,
         and laying it over the maximum occipital prominence at the back
         of the head.  The tape should be pulled firmly to compress
         the hair and underlying soft tissues.

     6.  Triceps skinfold--With the child either standing or sitting
         (preferably standing) use the same procedure as that for
         older examinees.

     7.  Subscapular skinfold--With the child either standing or sitting
         (preferably standing) use the same procedure as that for older
         examinees.

     8.  Sitting height (2 years old and over)--Have the child sit erectly on
         the measuring table with his eyes directed straight ahead (the eyes
         should be in a horizontal plane looking straight ahead).  The child
         should sit far back on the table as he can so that he backs of his
         knee joints (popliteal fossae) are in contact with the front edge of
         the table.  CHECK WITH THE RECORDER ON THE CHILD'S POSITION BEFORE
         MAKING THE MEASUREMENT.  Younger children need to be encouraged
         to sit straight, and you might have to give support to a younger
         child,  i.e., straighten out his back by placing one hand (right)
         over the upper part of the chest and the other hand (left) over
         the lumbar area, and pushing gently. After checking the child's
         position with the recorder, bring the caliper arm firmly against
         the midline of the examinee's head.  NOTE, you might have to
         compress some hairstyles. Take the measurement to the nearest 0.1
         cm with your eyes at the same level as the caliper arm.

     9.  Sitting height, recumbent (crown-rump length), children under 3
         years--Measure on the infant measuring board with the child lying
         on his back with his knees bent to a right angle. One technician
         holds the child's head in the Frankfort plane (i.e., eyes straight
         ahead, in this case straight upward so that the plane they form
         is parallel to the movable footboard) and applies gentle traction
         to bring the head into contact with the fixed headboard.  The
         second technician supports the child's legs under the flexed knees
         and brings the movable footboard to rest against the child's
         buttocks with firm pressure.

    10.  Weight--Use the same procedure as that for older examinees.

    11.  Standing height (2 years old and over).--Use the same procedure
         as that for older examinees.

    12.  Recumbent length (children under 3 years)--Measure on the infant
         measuring board with the child lying supine. One technician holds
         the child's head in the Frankfort plane & applies gentle traction
         to bring the head into contact with the fixed headboard.  The
         second technician holds the child's legs roughly midway between
         the ankles & knees, with the toes pointing directly upward. Then,
         while applying downward pressure to the legs (to prevent the
         knees from slexing), the technician brings the movable footboard
         to rest firmly against the child's heels. You may need extra
         help (third person) for restless infants under 2 years to make
         measurements as quickly as possible and maintain accuracy.

 Field Checks

     1.  Calipers--Calipers must be checked before each stand and once a
         week during the stand against a metric tape. The skinfold caliper
         should be checked daily before use.  To do this place the
         standards between the caliper arms and see that the reading on the
         scale corresponds to the length of the standard.  If the calipers
         are not right, adjust them by pressing firmly on the arms.  If
         they are 1 mm or more out of calibration, use the other available
         calipers & return the ones out of calibration to headquarters.

     2.  Height
         a.  At the beginning and end of each stand, check to be sure that:
             (1) The upright bar and tape measure have not been changed or
                 damaged. Check the accuracy of the tape with the sitting
                 height anthropometer. Set the sitting height anthropometer
                 at about the middle of the height scale base. Turn the
                 movable anthropometer's caliper arm upside down. Take the
                 picture of the height measurement. Read the anthropometer
                 measurement the same way as for sitting height and record
                 the reading on the back of the photograph. Send the photo-
                 graph to the chief, Quality Control Section, headquarters.
                 The photograph should include the stand number & location,
                 date, number of the person who checked the scale,
                 anthropometer reading, and whether it was the beginning
                 or end of the stand. If the measurement does not agree
                 with the sitting height anthropometer, adjust the sighting
                 window until the measurement does agree with the sitting
                 height anthropometer setting.  Take a picture after the
                 adjustment & send the photograph to headquarters.
             (2) The horizontal bar is firmly attached to the upright
                 section that slides on the upright bar.
             (3) The camera and light are working to produce optimum
                 photos. Any necessary repairs and adjustments should
                 be made as soon as possible.  This equipment is the
                 only means we have for measuring height.
         b.  Check daily that the standing height measurer operates smoothly.

     3.  Weight--At the beginning of each stand before the examinations begin
         and again at the end of the stand, the scale should be calibrated
         at zero & at intervals of 25 pounds all the way up to 250 pounds. If
         the scale is out of calibration by a constant amount at all calibra-
         tion weights, correct the error with the adjustment knob on the left
         side of the scale. If the trailer is not level the scale will have
         to be zeroed. If adjusted to lower than 0.00 it will read E.EE; but
         when adjusted correctly it will read 0.00. After zeroing the scale
         properly, stamp zero on any ordinary sheet of 8 x 10 1/2 paper.
         Then weigh the calibration weights in increments of 25 pounds,
         starting with 25 pounds & going up to 250 pounds & stamping each
         weight on the paper. Altogether, 11 recordings should be made on the
         paper. The paper with the recorded weights should also include the
         stand number & location, date, the number of the person doing the
         check procedure, & whether it was the beginning or end of the stand.
         Mail the recording immediately to the Chief Quality Control Section,
         headquarters.
         If the scale is out of calibration by 1/2 pound or more at three
         stations, have it repaired.
         The ribbon for printing the weight will need occasional replacement
         (approximately every 6 months).  When the printing starts getting
         dim call a Toledo Scales dealer for replacement ribbon.
         At the end of each stand, turn the scale lock to a vertical position
         for transit.
         The tech responsible for the body measurement station should weigh
         himself daily to roughly check the accuracy of the weight scales.
         If there is any reason to believe the scales are not accurate
         a complete calibration should be done. The recording of the
         calibration should be sent to headquarters.

     4.  Anthropometers--Check daily to see that the sitting height
         anthropometer is vertical on the table top and that the
         caliper arm is perpendicular to the bar & not bent. See that
         the arms of the bitrochanteric breadth anthropometer are
         perpendicular to the bar and not bent.

     5.  Log Book--In a book that stays with the trailers write in
         the following headings:
             Date, Technician Number, Measuring Device Number, 0 mm,
             10 mm, 20 mm, 30 mm, 40 mm, 50 mm, Counter Reading,
             and Tape Measure Reading
         Record daily in the log book the required identifying information
         under the appropriate headings. Then record the skinfold caliper
         calibration reading for each standard. Finally, move the foot board
         of the baby board as close as possible to the head board; record
         in the book the counter reading. Measure with the tape measure the
         distance between head and foot boards, and record that reading.

     6.  Cleaning of equipment--At the beginning of each stand the
         anthropometer, calipers, and tape measures should be cleaned
         with vinegar.

 Replicates

     An intertechnician body measurement replicate is to be done every
 fourth session on the examinee who arrives first at the exam center. The
 sessions on which replicates are to be done are shown in the schedule sheet.
     For the sessions during which a replicate is to be done, the coordinator
 should write the examinee's sample number in the appropriate space on the
 schedule sheet and should assign the original body measurements on that
 examinee to a technician according to the usual flow system rules.
 She should assign the replicate measurements in a random way to one
 of the other technicians and write that technician's number in the
 appropriate space on the schedule sheet.


REFERENCES
 1.  National Center for Health Statistics:  Replication an Approach to the
     Analysis of Data from Complex Surveys by P.J. McCarthy.  Vital and Health
     Statistics Series 2-No. 14. DHEW Pub. No.(PHS) 79-1269. Public Health
     Service.  Washington, D.C.  U.S. Government Printing Office, 1966.
 2.  Survey Research Center Computer Support Group, OSIRIS IV User's Manual,
     Institute for Social Research, 1979.
 3.  Holt, M.M.: SURREGR: Standard errors of regression coefficients from
     sample survey data. (unpublished) Research Triangle Institute, NC, 1977.
 4.  Hidiruglou, M.A.,Fuller,W.A.,Hickman, R.D.:(SUPERCARP) Survey Section,
     Statistical Laboratory,Iowa State University. Ames, Iowa. Sixth Edition.
     October 1980.
 5.  Woodruff, R.S.: A simple method for approximating the variance of a
     complicated estimate. JASA 66:411-414, 1971.
 6.  National Center for Health Statistics: A General Statistical Methodology
     for the Analysis of Data from a Complex Survey: NHANES I by J.R. Landis,
     J.H. Lepkowski, S.A. Stehouwer, and S.A. Eklund. Vital and Health
     Statistics, Series 2. (In publication)




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