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NIOSH Recommendations for Occupational Safety and Health Standards 1988
Publication date: 08/26/1988
Table of Contents
INTRODUCTIONActing under the authority of the Occupational Safety and Health Act of 1970 (Public Law 91-596), the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) develops and periodically revises recommendations for limits of exposure to potentially hazardous substances or conditions in the workplace. NIOSH also recommends preventive measures designed to reduce or eliminate the adverse health effects of these hazards. In formulating these recommendations, NIOSH evaluates all known and available scientific information relevant to the potential hazard. The recommendations are then published and transmitted to the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) or the Mine Safety and Health Administration (MSHA) of the U.S. Department of Labor for use in promulgating legal standards.
NIOSH recommendations are published in a variety of documents. Criteria documents specify a NIOSH recommended exposure limit (REL) and appropriate preventive measures designed to reduce or eliminate adverse health effects.
Special hazard reviews, occupational hazard assessments, alerts, and technical guidelines are other types of NIOSH documents that complement the Institute's recommendations for standards. These documents provide safety and health assessments of specific problems associated with a given agent or hazard, and they recommend appropriate control and monitoring methods. Although these documents do not supplant the more comprehensive criteria documents, they are prepared to assist OSHA or MSHA in the formulation of regulations.
NIOSH periodically presents testimony before various Congressional committees and at regulatory hearings convened by OSHA or MSHA. The testimony always includes the current NIOSH policy concerning the hazard in question.
NIOSH Current Intelligence Bulletins (CIBs) review and evaluate new and emerging information on occupational hazards. These bulletins may draw attention to a formerly unrecognized hazard, report new data on a known hazard, or disseminate information on hazard control.
The recommendations listed in this summary are based on existing NIOSH policy as previously published in any of the forms listed above. The intent of this table is to provide a rapid reference to the most recent NIOSH REL or other recommendation for each potential hazard. The current OSHA permissible exposure limit (PEL) or standard is also presented. Unless otherwise noted in the table, the NIOSH recommendations were originally published in criteria documents.
Note to Readers:
Copies of NIOSH publications are generally available from the U.S. Government Printing Office and the National Technical Information Service. Single copies of these publications may be obtained (while the supply lasts) from Publications Dissemination Division of Standards Development and Technology Transfer National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health 4676 Columbia Parkway Cincinnati, Ohio 45226 (513) 533-8287 Please enclose a self-addressed mailing label with your request.
Definitions of Abbreviations and TermsAction level the exposure concentration at which employers must initiate certain provisions of the NIOSH recommended standard such as periodic measurements of worker exposure, training of workers, and medical monitoring
Ca agent recommended by NIOSH to be treated as a potential human
CD criteria document
CFR Code of Federal Regulations
CIB Current Intelligence Bulletin
CNS central nervous system
dBA decibels measured on the A scale, which approximates the response of the human ear
J/cm((2)) joules per square centimeter
ug/m((3)) micrograms per cubic meter
mg/m((3)) milligrams per cubic meter
mppcf millions of particles per cubic foot
MSHA Mine Safety and Health Administration
mW/cm((2)) milliwatts per square centimeter
NIOSH National Institute for Occupational Safety and Healthnm nanometerNOTE TO SYSTEM USER: The remainder of this document is tabular and, therefore, not entered into telecommunication channels.
OSHA Occupational Safety and Health Administration
PCBs polychlorinated biphenyls
PCDDs polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins
PCDFs polychlorinated dibenzofurans
PEL permissible exposure limit (OSHA)
ppb parts per billion
ppm parts per million
REL recommended exposure limit (NIOSH)
(Skin) potential contribution to overall exposure by the cutaneous
route, including mucous membranes and eyes
TWA time-weighted average
WL working level
WLM working level month
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