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Scientific Data Documentation
1991 Current Population Survey

cps91.zip

ABSTRACT


                CURRENT POPULATION SURVEY, MARCH 1991
                       TECHNICAL DOCUMENTATION
                            Washington, DC
                        Issued September 1991

                     U.S. DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE
                    Robert L. Mosbacher, Secretary
                Rockwell A. Schnabel, Deputy Secretary
        Michael R. Darby, Under Secretary for Economic Affairs

                         BUREAU OF THE CENSUS
                   Barbara Everitt Bryant, Director
                  C.Louis Kincannon, Deputy Director
                 Roland H. Moore, Associate Director

                     DATA USER SERVICES DIVISION
                   Marshall L. Turner, Jr., Chief
Acknowledgements

 This documentation was prepared within the Data Access and Use Staff, under
 the direction of Deborah D. Barrett, Chief, and Barbara J. Aldrich, Chief of
 its Technical Information Section.  Delores Baldwin was the coordinators for
 this file. Word processing was provided by Virginia Collins, Sylvia Nowlin,
 and Barbara Shugart. Technical assistance was provided by members of the
 Current Population Surveys Branch, Demographic Surveys Division.

 The file should be cited as follows:

    Current Population Survey March 1991 {machine readable data file}/
    conducted by the Bureau of the Census for the Bureau of Labor
    Statistics. -Washington: Bureau of the Census {producer and distributor},
    1991.

 The technical documentation should be cited as follows:

    Current Population Survey March 1991 Tape Technical Documentation /
    prepared by Data User Services Division, Data Access and Use
    Staff, Bureau of the Census. -Washington: The Bureau, 1991.

 For additional information concerning the tape, contact Data User Services
 Division, Customer Services, Bureau of the Census, Washington, DC 20233.
 Phone: (301)763-4100.

 For additional information concerning the technical documentation, contact
 Data User Services Division, Data Access and Use Staff, Bureau of the Census,
 Washington, DC 20233.
 Phone: (301)763-2074.

 For additional information concerning the subject matter of the file, contact
 Demographic Surveys Division, Current Population Surveys Branch, Bureau of
 the Census, Washington, DC 20233.
 Phone: (301)763-2773.

Type of File

    Microdata; unit of observation is individuals, families, and households.

Universe Description

    The universe is the civilian noninstitutional population of the United
    States living in housing units and members of the Armed Forces living in
    civilian housing units on a military base or in a household not on a
    military base. A probability sample is used in selecting housing units.

Subject-Matter Description

    This file, also known as the Annual Demographic File, provides the usual
    monthly labor force data, but in addition, provides supplemental data on
    work experience, income, noncash benefits, and migration. Comprehensive
    work experience information is given on the employment status, occupation,
    and industry of persons 15+ years old and over. Additional data for
    persons 15 years old and older are available concerning weeks worked
    and hours per week worked, reason not working full time, total income and
    income components, and residence on March 1, 1990. Data on employment and
    income refer to the preceding year, although demographic data refer to the
    time of the survey.

    This file also contains data covering nine noncash income sources: food
    stamps, school lunch program, employer-provided group health insurance
    plan, employer-provided pension plan, personal health insurance, Medicaid,
    Medicare, CHAMPUS or military health care, and energy assistance.

    Characteristics such as age, sex, race, household relationship, and
    Spanish origin are shown for each person in the household enumerated.

Geographic Coverage

    State of residence is uniquely identified as well as census geographic
    division and region. The 113 largest metropolitan statistical areas
    (CMSAs or MSAs), an additional 89 selected MSAs, 66 selected PMSAs, and
    30 central cities in multi-central city MSAs or PMSAs are also uniquely
    identified.(1) Within confidentiality restrictions, indicators are
    provided for MSA-PMSA/non-MSA-PMSA, central city/noncentral city, farm/
    nonfarm, and MSA/CMSA size.

Technical Description

    File Structure: Hierarchical.

    File Size: 300,012 logical records; record size is 656 characters.

    File Sort Sequence: Census state code (MSTSTATE), then MSA/PMSA rank code

Reference Materials

    Current Population Survey March 1991 Technical Documentation. The
    documentation includes this abstract, pertinent information about the
    file, a glossary, code lists, and a data dictionary. One copy accompanies
    each file order. When ordered separately, it is available for $5 from Data
    User Services Division, Customer Services, Bureau of the Census,
    Washington, DC 20233.

Related Printed Reports

    Data from the March Current Population Survey are published most
    frequently in the Current Population Reports P-20 and P-60 series. These
    reports are available from the Superintendent of Documents, U.S.
    Government Printing Office, Washington, DC 20402. Forthcoming reports will
    be cited in Census and You, CENDATA(TM), the Monthly Product Announcement
    (MPA), and the Bureau of the Census Catalog and Guide.

 1. MSA's = Metropolitan Statistical Areas; CMSA's = Consolidated Metropolitan
    Statistical Areas; PMSA's = Primary Metropolitan Statistical Areas.

Related Machine-Readable Data Files

    A public use edition of the Current Population Survey, March file is
    available for each year since 1968. For 1980, 1984, and 1988 two March
    files are available for each year. The first March 1980 file contains
    estimates based on 1970 population counts and should be used for
    historical comparisons ending in 1980. The reweighted March 1980 file
    contains estimates based on results of the 1980 census and should be used
    for comparisons between 1981 and 1984.

    In 1984, the Bureau of the Census introduced a step into the March second
    stage weighting procedure controlling individual weights to independent
    estimates of the Hispanic population. Since this introduction caused a
    major disruption in the Hispanic estimates from March two data files were
    created. The first file, without the Hispanic controls should be used for
    comparing estimates for years prior to 1984 and the second file should be
    used for comparison with 1985 and forward files.

    From March 1989 forward, data on the Annual Demographic File are processed
    using the rewrite system. The rewrite system includes revised procedures
    to match supplement records to basic CPS records; revised weighting
    procedures; revised demographic and family edits; revised imputation
    procedures; and more income detail on the file.

    For March 1988 there are two files, the regular Annual Demographic File
    and the Annual Demographic Rewrite File. The rewrite file has been
    prepared to allow historical comparison of data from the rewrite
    processing system implemented between 1988 and 1989. It is recommended
    that the rewrite file be used when comparing data collected from the March
    Annual Demographic Supplement from 1988 forward. Use the regular file,
    released in 1988, when comparing data from 1988 and prior years.

    This is not to say, however, that comparisons cannot be made between years
    before and after 1988. When such analyses are done, for example between
    1986 through 1989, data users must consider that similarities or
    differences between the data may be caused or effected by the rewritten
    system. Thus, comparing estimates from the 1988 rewrite files and the
    1988 regular file will reveal the extent of any differences caused by the
    processing system changes though not the specific change. The magnitude of
    the difference can then be applied to the estimates from 1986-1987 to
    reveal whether any real differences exist. There were several revisions
    made to the processing programs; therefore, it is difficult to determine
    which specific revision effected the differences or similarities in the
    data.

    Some non-March data also are available from 1968 to present. For more
    information, request the Data Developments on the Current Population
    Survey from Data User Services Division, Customer Services, Bureau of the
    Census, Washington, DC 20233.

File Availability

    The file may be ordered from Data User Services Division using the
    Customer Services order form for tapes on the following page.
    This file is available on 9 track tape, (EBCDlC or ASCII) at 1600 bpi on
    4 reels or at 6250 bpi on 2 reels at a cost of $175 per reel.
OVERVIEW

Introduction

 The Current Population Survey (CPS) is the source of the official Government
 statistics on employment and unemployment. The CPS has been conducted monthly
 for over 40 years. Currently, we interview about 57,000 households monthly,
 scientifically selected on the basis of area of residence to represent the
 Nation as a whole, individual States, and other specified areas. Each
 household is interviewed once a month for four consecutive months one year,
 and again for the corresponding time period a year later. This technique
 enables us to obtain month-to-month and year-to-year comparisons at a reason-
 able cost while minimizing the inconvenience to any one household.

 Although the main purpose of the survey is to collect information on the
 employment situation, a very important secondary purpose is to collect
 information on the demographic status of the population, information such as
 age, sex, race, marital status, educational attainment, and family structure.
 From time to time additional questions are included on such important
 subjects as health, education, income, and previous work experience. The
 statistics resulting from these questions serve to update similar information
 collected once every 10 years through the decennial census, and are used by
 Government policymakers and legislators as important indicators of our
 Nation's economic situation and for planning and evaluating many Government
 programs.

 The CPS provides current estimates of the economic status and activities of
 the population of the United States. Because it is not possible to develop
 one or two overall figures (such as the number of unemployed) that would
 adequately describe the whole complex of labor market phenomena, the CPS is
 designed to provide a large amount of detailed and supplementary data. Such
 data are made available to meet a wide variety of needs on the part of users
 of labor market information.

 Thus, the CPS is the only source of monthly estimates of total employment
 (both farm and non-farm); nonfarm self-employed persons, domestics, and
 unpaid workers in nonfarm family enterprises; wage and salary employees; and,
 finally, estimates of total unemployment.

 It provides the only available distribution of workers by the number of hours
 worked (as distinguished from aggregate or average hours for an industry),
 permitting separate analyses of part-time workers, workers on overtime, etc.
 The survey is also the only comprehensive current source of information on
 the occupation of workers and the industries in which they work. Information
 is available from the survey not only for persons currently in the labor
 force but also for those who are outside the labor force. The characteristics
 of such persons - whether married women with or without young children,
 disabled persons, students, older retired workers, etc., can be determined.
 Information on their current desire for work, their past work experience, and
 their intentions as to job seeking are also available.

 The March CPS, also known as the Annual Demographic File, contains the basic
 monthly demographic and labor force data described above, plus additional
 data on work experience, income, noncash benefits, and migration.

CPS Sample

 The CPS sample is based on the civilian noninstitutional population of the
 United States. The sample is located in 729 sample areas comprising 1,973
 counties and independent cities with coverage in every State and in the
 District of Columbia.

 In all, some 71,000 housing units or other living quarters are assigned for
 interview each month; about 57,000 of them containing approximately 114,500
 persons 15 years old and over are interviewed. Also included are demographic
 data for approximately 33,500 children 0-14 years old and 650 Armed Forces
 members living with civilians either on or off base within these households.
 The remainder of the assigned housing units are found to be vacant, converted
 to nonresidential use, contain persons with residence elsewhere, or are not
 interviewed because the residents are not found at home after repeated calls,
 are temporarily absent, or are unavailable for other reasons. Approximately
 14,000 noninterview households are present each month. The resulting file
 size is approximately 163,000 records. In March of each year supplemental
 data are collected for Armed Forces members residing with their families in
 civilian housing units or on a military base. The Armed Forces members,
 however, are not asked the monthly labor force questions. In addition, the
 March CPS is supplemented with a sample of Spanish households identified the
 previous November. This results in the addition of about 2,500 households in
 the March CPS. The inclusion of the additional sample of Spanish households
 began in 1976.

 A more precise explanation regarding the CPS sample design is provided in
 Technical Paper 40, The Current Population Survey Design and Methodology.

 For a more detailed discussion about the basic labor force data gathered on
 a monthly basis in the CPS survey, see the Bureau of Labor Statistics
 Report No. 463 and the Current Population Report P-23, No. 62, issued jointly
 by the Bureau of Labor Statistics and the Bureau of the Census in October,
 1976, and entitled Concepts and Methods Used In Labor Statistics derived from
 the Current Population Survey.

Revisions To The March CPS Processing System

 Introduction. Between 1988 and 1989 a new computer processing system was
 introduced for the March Current Population Survey. This processing system
 rewrite was long overdue; the system in use before this year was first
 introduced in March 1976 and was never fully updated to reflect the numerous
 questionnaire changes that have taken place since that time. In addition, the
 programs used to process the CPS file were written in a computer language
 that is being phased out of use at the Census Bureau. While the March 1989
 file is the first to reflect this new processing system, the March 1988 file
 was reprocessed based on these new procedures in order to: 1) better evaluate
 the new processing procedures, and 2) allow year-to-year comparisons to be
 made between income years 1987 and 1988 using a consistent processing system.

 While the following section deals mainly with modifications to the March
 imputation procedures and their subsequent effect on income and poverty
 rates, it should be pointed out that all of the processing programs were
 rewritten in 1989, so that not only are the files from 1989 forward based on
 a somewhat different imputation system, but also reflect a rewritten
 weighting system, data acceptance program, family relationship edits, and new
 procedures to match income supplement records to the monthly CPS file. As a
 result, it is difficult to ascertain whether differences (especially those
 based on relatively small bases) are the result of imputation or other
 processing differences between the original and revised files.

 Since the Census Bureau began imputing the missing income data on the CPS in
 1962, there have been three major revisions to the processing system (in
 1967,1976, and 1989). Through all of these revisions, the basic strategy used
 in make imputations has remained the same. This approach, commonly referred
 to as "hot deck" imputation, assigns missing responses to sample persons with
 information from matched sample persons with similar demographic and economic
 information who answered these questions.

 Under the new March processing system, there were three main modifications to
 the income imputation programs:

    1.  The edits and imputations were expanded to reflect the full detail of
        the March income questionnaire. The original processing system was
        still based on a less detailed CPS income questionnaire that has not
        been in use since 1980.

    2.  Under the revised processing procedures, entire sets of March income
        and noncash benefits data were imputed to supplement noninterviews
        from the same interviewed person. Under the original processing
        procedures, earnings, unearned income, and noncash benefits were
        imputed in separate stages during the processing system. Thus, the
        new processing system imputes noninterviews more efficiently and is
        better able to preserve the correlation between earnings, unearned
        income, and noncash benefits.

    3.  Both the old and new processing systems employ what are called
        "statisticial matches" to link sample cases with reported data to
        those requiring imputation for missing responses. In the original
        processing system, under certain circumstances, reported data was
        removed and replaced with imputed data during the statistical matching
        process. Under the new system, reported data are never removed. This
        was accomplished by expanding the number of statisticial matches
        in the income imputation system.

File Structure

 There is a household record for each household or group quarters. The
 household record is followed by one of three possible structures:

     A.If the household contains related persons and is not a group
       quarters household:

       1. The family record appears next followed by person records for
          members of the family who are not also members of a related
          subfamily. The person records would be ordered: family householder,
          spouse of family householder, children in the family, and other
          relatives of the family householder.

       2. The above records may be followed by one or more related subfamily
          records, each related subfamily record being followed immediately
          by person records for members of that related subfamily. The person
          records would be ordered: reference person of the related subfamily,
          spouse of subfamily reference person, and children of subfamily
          reference person.

       3. The above records may be followed by one or more unrelated subfamily
          records, each unrelated subfamily record being followed immediately
          by person records for members of that unrelated subfamily. The
          person records would be ordered: unrelated subfamily reference
          person, spouse of subfamily reference person, and children of
          subfamily-reference person.

       4. The above records may be followed by one or more persons living
          with nonrelatives family records, each to be followed by the person
          record for the unrelated individual it represents. (See Figure 1,
          page 2-4.)

     B.If the household contains a householder with no relatives and is not a
       group quarters household:

       1. The family record for the nonfamily householder is followed
          immediately by the person record for that nonfamily householder.

       2. These records may be followed by one or more unrelated subfamily
          records, each unrelated subfamily record being followed immediately
          by the person records for members of that unrelated subfamily.

       3. These records may be followed by one or more family records for
          persons living with nonrelatives, each person living with
          nonrelatives family record being followed immediately by the
          person record for that person living with nonrelatives. (See Figure
          2, page 2-5.)

     C.If the household is a group quarters, each person is defined as a
       person living with nonrelatives. There will be a family record followed
       by a person record for each person in the group quarters.

Relationship of Current Population Survey Files to Publications

 Each month, a significant amount of information about the labor force is
 published by the Bureau of Labor Statistics in the Employment and Earnings
 and Monthly Labor Review Reports.

 As mentioned previously, the CPS also serves as a vehicle for supplemental
 inquiries on subjects other than employment which are periodically
 added to the questionnaire. From the basic and supplemental data the Bureau
 of the Census issues four series of publications under the general title
 Current Population Reports:

     P-20 Population Characteristics
     P-23 Special Studies
     P-27 Farm Population
     P-60 Consumer Income


 Of particular interest to users of the March microdata file would be those
 reports based on information collected in March. These reports include the
 following titles:

     P-20 Population Profile of the United States: (Year)
     P-20 Household and Family Characteristics: March (Year)
     P-20 Households, Families, Marital Status, and Living Arrangements:
     March (Year)
     P-20 Geographical Mobility (Years)
     P-20 Educational Attainment in the United States (Years)
     P-20 Persons of Spanish Origin in the United States (Year)
     P-60 Money Income and Poverty Status of Families and Persons in the
     United States: (Year)
     P-60 Characteristics of the Population Below the Poverty Level: (Year)
     P-60 Characteristics of Households Receiving Selected Noncash Benefits:
     (Year)

 All Current Population Reports may be obtained by subscription from the U.S.
 Government Printing Office. Subscriptions are available as follows:
 Population Characteristics, Special Studies, Farm Population, and Consumer
 Income series (P-20, P-23, P-27, P-60) combined, $71 per year (sold as a
 package only); Population Estimates and Projections (P-25), $25 per year.
 Single issues may be ordered separately; ordering information and prices are
 provided on CENDATA(TM), in the Bureau of the Census Catalog and Guide, in
 Census and You, and the Monthly Product Announcement (MPA).
Figure 1. Record Sequence for Households Containing a Family

 Figure 1. Illustration of Record Sequence for Households Containing a Family

  Household Record

     Family Record

      Person 1 (Householder) Record
      Person 2 (Spouse) Record
           .
           .
           .
      Person n (Family Member)

     Family (Related Subfamily Record)

      Person 1 (Related Subfamily Reference Person) Record
      Person 2 (Spouse) Record
           .
           .
           .
      Person n (Related Subfamily Member) Record

     Family (Unrelated Subfamily) Record

      Person 1 (Unrelated Subfamily Reference Person) Record
      Person 2 (Spouse) Record
           .
           .
           .
      Person n (Unrelated Subfamily Member) Record

     Family (Persons Living With Nonrelatives) Record

      Person 1 (Person Living With Nonrelatives) Record
Figure 2. Sequence for Households With a Nonfamily Householder

 Figure 2. Illustration of Record Sequence for Households Containing a
           Nonfamily Householder.

   Household Record

     Family (Nonfamily Householder) Record

      Person (Nonfamily Householder) Record

     Family (Unrelated Subfamily) Record

      Person 1 (Unrelated Subfamily Reference Person) Record
      Person 2 (Spouse) Record
           .
           .
           .
      Person n (Unrelated Subfamily Member) Record

     Family (Person Living With Nonrelatives) Record

      Person (Persons Living With Nonrelatives) Record
Figure 3. Illustration of Record Sequence for Group Quarters

 Figure 3. Illustration of Record Sequence for Group Quarters.(1)

   Household Record

    Family (Persons Living With Nonrelatives) Record

      Person (Persons Living With Nonrelatives) Record

 1.NOTE: Each person in group quarters is by definition a person living with
         nonrelatives.
Geographic Limitations

 In July 1985, the CPS microdata files began carrying the metropolitan
 statistical area definitions announced by the Office of Management and Budget
 on June 30, 1984. The new CPS estimates for the total metropolitan population
 have consistently been higher than independent estimates of the total
 metropolitan population prepared by the Census Bureau; the new CPS
 nonmetropolitan estimates have been lower than the independent estimates. The
 magnitude of the monthly differences has varied from 900,000 to 2.5 million
 persons over the past year, so that the proportion of the population living
 in metropolitan areas according to the CPS has ranged from 0.4 to 1.0
 percentage points higher than the independent estimate. The difference in
 level between the two sets of estimates is partially attributable to the
 basic CPS sample design, which, because of sampling variability, includes an
 oversample of metropolitan households and an undersample of nonmetropolitan
 households. The monthly variations result from the exit and entrance of
 rotation groups, each with slightly different metropolitan-nonmetropolitan
 proportions, into the sample. The apparent overestimation of metropolitan
 and underestimation of nonmetropolitan population in the CPS relative to the
 Census Bureau's independent estimates should be taken into account when using
 the data. Because of the monthly variation in these estimates, month-to-month
 comparisons of metropolitan and nonmetropolitan estimates should be
 interpreted with caution.

 One other set of estimates that can be produced from CPS microdata files
 beginning in October 1985 should be treated with caution. These are estimates
 for individual metropolitan areas. The change in Census Bureau confidential-
 ity rules allowing identification of areas with populations of 100,000 or
 more instead of 250,000 has produced a situation where we now identity
 numerous small metropolitan areas on the CPS data files. Although estimates
 for the larger areas such as New York, Los Angeles, and so forth, should be
 fairly accurate and valid for a multitude of uses, estimates for the smaller
 metropolitan areas (those with populations under 500,000) should be used with
 caution because of the relatively large sampling variability associated with
 these estimates.

 It should be kept in mind that the sample design and methods of weighting
 CPS data are geared towards producing estimates for the entire Nation.
 Consequently, data for states are not as reliable as national data, and the
 file will lose some of its utility in certain applications. For further
 discussion of such considerations, the user should consult The Current
 Population Survey: Design and Methodology (Technical Paper 40, U.S. Bureau of
 the Census).

 The nature of the work done by each individual investigator using the
 microdata file will determine to what extent his/her requirements for
 precision will allow using some of the smaller geographic areas identified
 on the file.
2Weights

 For all CPS data files a single weight is prepared and used to compute the
 monthly labor force status estimates. An additional weight was prepared for
 the earnings universe which roughly corresponds to wage and salary workers in
 the two outgoing rotations. This is explained below in the section on
 earnings data. However, the difference in content of the March CPS supplement
 requires the presentation of additional weights: a household weight, a family
 weight, and a March supplement weight. In this section we briefly describe
 the construction and use of these weights. Chapter 5 of Technical paper 40,
 The Current Population Survey: Design and Methodology provides documentation
 of the weighting procedures for the CPS both with and without supplement
 questions.

 The final weight, which is the product of several adjustments, is used to
 produce population estimates for the various items covered in the regular
 monthly CPS. This weight is constructed from the basic weight for each
 person, which represents the probability of selection for the survey. The
 basic weight is adjusted for special sampling situations and failure to
 obtain interviews from eligible households (noninterview adjustment). A two-
 stage ratio estimation procedure adjusts the sample population to the known
 distribution of the entire population. This two-stage ratio estimation
 process produces factors which are applied to the basic weight (after the
 special weighting and noninterview adjustments are made) and results in the
 final weight associated with each record. In summary, the final weight is the
 product of: (I) the basic weight, (2) adjustments for special weighting,
 (3) noninterview adjustment, (4) first stage ratio adjustment factor, and
 (5) second stage ratio adjustment factor. This final weight should be used
 when producing estimates from the basic CPS data.

 Differences in the questionnaire, sample and data uses for the March CPS
 supplement result in the need for additional adjustment procedures to
 produce what is called the March supplement weight. The sample for the March
 CPS supplement is expanded to include male members of the Armed Forces who
 are living in civilian housing or with the family on a military base, as
 well as additional Spanish households which are not included in the monthly
 labor force estimates.

 The expanded sample and the need to have a husband and wife receive the same
 weight has resulted in a weighting system which produces the March supplement
 weight. The March supplement weight should be used for producing estimates
 from March supplement data.

 Finally, household and family weights are the weights assigned from the
 householder or reference person after all adjustments have been made and
 should be used when tabulating estimates of families-households.
Earnings Data

 Beginning in 1982, usual hourly and weekly earnings data appear on the Annual
 Demographic File (ADF) for that portion of the population roughly correspond-
 ing to wage and salary workers (self-employed persons in incorporated
 businesses are excluded, although they are normally included with the wage
 and salary population). These data are now collected on a monthly basis in
 the two outgoing rotation groups as part of the basic CPS labor force
 interview.

 Since the intent of the regular collection of earnings data was to initiate
 a family earnings data series, all persons in the two outgoing rotations
 receive an "earnings weight," even if they are not eligible for the earnings
 item. The earnings weight is a simple ratio-estimation to the person's labor
 force status by age, race, and sex. When tabulating estimates of earnings
 based on basic CPS data, use the earnings weight.

 Further information on this earnings series is contained in Technical
 Description of the Quaterly Data on Weekly Earnings from the Current
 Population Survey, BLS Report #601, July 1980. This report is available on
 request from the U.S. Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics,
 Washington, D.C. 20212. Attn: Office of Inquiries and Correspondence.

 NOTE: For 1982 and 1983, usual weekly earnings are not present for
 individuals who were not paid on an hourly basis.
MATCHING OF MARCH CPS FILES

General Information

 There are two basic limitations in linking the March CPS files across years.
 First, only fifty percent of the sample is included in two consecutive years.
 Second, the residents within the eligible housing units may have changed or
 appeared as noninterview records in one or both years. The result is a
 matched sample of considerably less than the upper limit of fifty percent.
 The basic procedures and variables used to link two or more March CPS files
 are outlined below.

Sample Selection

 The first step in matching year t with year t+1 is to select from year t
 those housing units with a "month in sample" value of 1 through 4, and from
 year t + 1 those units with a "month in sample" value of 5 through 8. This
 will identity the sample subset eligible for matching. Within this subset,
 housing units in year t, month 1 will match only with units in year t+ 1,
 month 5, etc.

Matching Housing Units

 Using one or more variables, it is possible to uniquely identify each housing
 unit in each sample rotation. However, because of changes in CPS procedures,
 the available information for matching housing units is not always identical.
 Below are the variables available for matching March CPS files.

 Years:      1968-1971
 Variables:  Random Cluster Code (F6- 10) and Serial Number (F11-14)

 Years:      1971-1972
             Changes in CPS clustering procedures and the accompanying change
             of household identification numbers prevent matching 1971 and
             1972 March CPS files.

 Years:      1972-1973
             The 1972 file uses 1960 random cluster codes while the 1973 file
             uses 1970 random cluster codes, thus precluding the matching of
             records.

 Years:      1973-1975
 Variables:  Random Cluster Code (F7-11). Segment Number (F12-16), and Serial
             Number (F217-218)

 Years:      1975-1976
 Variables:  1975: Random Cluster Code (F7-11) Segment Number (F12-16), and
             Serial Number (F217-218)
             1976: Random Cluster Code (H35-39), Segment Number (H40-43), and
             Serial Number (H44-45)

 Years:      1976-1977
             Matching is not possible because variables required for matching
             are in a different format each year.

 Years:      1977-1985
 Variable:   Household Identification Number (H18-29)

 Years:      1985-1986
             Matching is not possible because the 1986 file is based entirely
             on the 1980 census design sample.

 Years:      1986 Forward
 Variable:   Household Identification Number (H18-29)

Matching Households, Families, and Persons

 Although the information presented above allows matching of housing units
 across years, it is possible that the residents of the housing unit have
 changed. Consequently, it is necessary to perform additional matches to
 insure resident comparability. The specific variables used to match residents
 will vary according to the needs of the project but it is more efficient to
 arrange the matching in a hierarchical sequence. For example, matching on
 sex and race should precede matching on age or household relationship. The
 user should carefully work through the possible changes in household
 structure that might result in an inappropriate rejection of a household.
 For example, a husband-wife family in year t that experienced a divorce and
 became a female headed household in year t+ 1 would fail the test for
 matching sex of head. Clearly, the more criteria used in matching records
 will result in greater accuracy, but will also increase the expense and
 result in fewer matches.
HOW TO USE THE DATA DICTIONARY

 The Data Dictionary describes the contents and record layout of the public-
 use computer tape file. The first line of each data item description gives
 the data name, size of the data field, relative begin position of the field,
 and the range of the values.

 The next few lines contain descriptive text and any applicable notes.
 Categorical value codes and labels are given where needed. Comment notes
 marked by an (*) are provided throughout. Comments should be removed from the
 machine-readable version of the data dictionary before using it to help
 access the data file.

     Data. Alphabetic, numeric, and the special
     character (-). No other special characters are
     used. It may be a mnemonic such as "H-
     HHTYPE" or "HFIN-YN", or a sequential
     identifier such as "MIG-MTR1" or "SUR-
     SC1". Data item names are unique through-
     out the entire file (all 3 record types).

     Size. Numeric. The size of a data item is
     given in characters. Indication of implied
     decimal places is provided in notes.

     Begin. Numeric. Contains the location in the
     data record of the first character position of
     the data item field.

     Category Value. Numeric. Contains the
     range of values for the given data item.

 The first line of each data item description begins with the character "D"
 (left-justified, two characters). The "D" flag indicates lines in the data
 dictionary containing the name, size, and begin position of each data item.
 This information (in machine-readable form) can be used to help access
 the data file. The line beginning with the character "U" describes the
 universe for that item. Lines containing categorical value codes and labels
 follow next and begin with the character "V". The special character (.)
 denotes the start of the value labels. Two examples of data item descriptions
 follow:

 D H-HHTYPE    1     20      (1:3)
    Type of household
 U All households
 V          1  .Interview
 V          2  .Type A non-interview
 V          3  .Type B/C non-interview

 D MIG-MTR1    2    218    (01:09)
    Migration recode
 U MIGSAME = 2
 V         01 .Nonmover
 V         02 .MSA to MSA
 V         03 .MSA to nonMSA
 V         04 .NonMSA to MSA
 V         05 .NonMSA to nonMSA
 V         06 .Abroad to MSA
 V         07 .Abroad to nonMSA
 V         08 .Not in universe (children
 V            .under 1 year old)
 V         09 .Not identifiable
 How to Distinguish Supplement Variables from Monthly Variables

 Monthly variables have a prefix and trailer as follows:

   1. H-, HG-, or H% for household record variables.
   2. A-, A% for person record variables.
   3. The family record contains no monthly variables.

 Supplement variables are all one string or they have a suffix. For example
 HFIN-YN is a supplement variable on the household record.
CHANGES IN THE DATA DICTIONARY SINCE 1990

 The following variables were added and/or changed in the March 1991 Annual
 Demographic Supplement file:

  March 1990                           March 1991

                         Household Record
  Data     Size     Begin              Data     Size     Begin

  Filler   7        13                 Filler   2        13
                                       SCMST    5        15

                          Person Record
  Data     Size     Begin              Data     Size     Begin

  Filler   1        465                FL-665   1        465
  IMIG2    1        635                IMIG1    1        635
DATA DICTIONARY INDEX

Household Record

 Item                                               Mnemonic    Location

 1960 Census State code                             HG-ST60           40
 1980 State rank                                    HG-STRN           42
 Alimony payments income                            HALMVAL          225
 Alimony payments received                          HALM-YN          224
 Allocation flags for basic CPS                     H%HHNUM          296
 Allocation flags for basic CPS                     H%LIVQRT         297
 Allocation flags for basic CPS                     H%TELAVL         300
 Allocation flags for basic CPS                     H%TELHHD         299
 Allocation flags for basic CPS                     H%TELINT         301
 Allocation flags for basic CPS                     H%TENURE         295
 Allocation flags for supplement household items    I-HCHI           304
 Allocation flags for supplement household items    I-HCHINN         307
 Allocation flags for supplement household items    I-HCHINO         305
 Allocation flags for supplement household items    I-HCHINR         306
 Allocation flags for supplement household items    I-HCMCAR         302
 Allocation flags for supplement household items    I-HCMCEN         303
 Allocation flags for supplement household items    I-HENGAS         318
 Allocation flags for supplement household items    I-HENGVA         319
 Allocation flags for supplement household items    I-HFDVAL         315
 Allocation flags for supplement household items    I-HFLUNC         310
 Allocation flags for supplement household items    I-HFLUNN         311
 Allocation flags for supplement household items    I-HFOODM         317
 Allocation flags for supplement household items    I-HFOODN         316
 Allocation flags for supplement household items    I-HFOODS         314
 Allocation flags for supplement household items    I-HHOTLU         308
 Allocation flags for supplement household items    I-HHOTNO         309
 Allocation flags for supplement household items    I-HLOREN         313
 Allocation flags for supplement household items    I-HPUBLI         312
 Central city MSA status code                       HCCC-R            58
 Champus, VA, or military health care               HCHAMP           276
 Child support income                               HCSPVAL          217
 Child support payments                             HCSP-YN          216
 Children covered by insurance of person not
 living in household                                HCHINNO           67
 Children covered by insurance of person not
 living in household                                HCHINO            65
 Children covered by insurance of person not
 living in household                                HCHINRH           66
 Children covered by Medicare                       HCMCARE           62
 Children covered by Medicare                       HCMCENO           63
 Children covered by other health insurance         HCHI              64
 Children receiving free lunch                      HFLUNNO           73
 Children receiving free or reduced price lunches   HFLUNCH           72
 CMSA code                                          HG-CMSA           53
 Control Card Family Income                         H-FAMINC           9
 Disability benefits                                HDIS-YN          168
 Disability income                                  HDISVAL          169
 Dividend income                                    HDIVVAL          193
 Dividend payments                                  HDIV-YN          192
 Education assistance income                        HEDVAL           209
 Educational assistance benefits                    HED-YN           208
 Energy assistance benefits                         HENGAST           85
 Energy assistance income                           HENGVAL           86
 Families in household                              HNUMFAM           23
 Farm definition                                    HFARM             59
 Farm income                                        HFRVAL           107
 Farm self-employment                               HINC-FR          106
 Financial assistance income                        HFINVAL          233
 Financial assistance payments                      HFIN-YN          232
 Food stamps recipients                             HFOODSP           76
 Food stamps value                                  HFDVAL            81
 Food stamps, children covered                      HFOODNO           77
 Food stamps, months covered                        HFOODMO           79
 Health insurance coverage                          HHI-YN           277
 Hot lunch eaten by children at school              HHOTLUN           70
 Hot lunch, number of children who ate at school    HHOTNO            71
 Household earnings, total value                    HEARNVAL         256
 Household income                                   HOIVAL           241
 Household income percentiles                       HTOP5PCT         281
 Household income percentiles, national rank        HPCTCUT          282
 Household income, total                            HHINC            272
 Household income, total value                      HTOTVAL          248
 Household number                                   H-HHNUM           30
 Household record                                   HRECORD            1
 Household respondent line number                   H-RESPNM          12
 Household sequence number.....                     H-SEQ              2
 Household status                                   HHSTATUS         278
 Household type                                     H-TYPE            25
 Household type                                     H-HHTYPE          20
 Housing unit type                                  H-TYPEBC          33
 Income payments, other                             HOI-YN           240
 Income, value of other types                       HOTHVAL          264
 Individual Central City Code                       INDCCODE         285
 Interest payments                                  HINT-YN          184
 Interest income                                    HINTVAL          185
 Living quarters type                               H-LIVQRT          31
 March supplement household weight                  HSUP-WGT         287
 Medicaid coverage                                  HMCAID           275
 Medicare coverage                                  HMCARE           274
 Modified MSA status code                           HMSA-R            57
 Month in sample                                    H-MIS             29
 Month of survey                                    H-MONTH           26
 MSA or CMSA rank                                   HG-MSAR           50
 MSA or PMSA FIPS Code                              HG-MSAC           44
 MSA size                                           HMSSZ             55
 MSA/PMSA size                                      HPMSASZ           56
 Number of units in this structure                  HUUNITS           11
 Own business self-employment                       HINC-SE           98
 Persons in household                               H-NUMPER          21
 Persons in household age 5 to 18                   HH5TO18           68
 Persons in household under age 15                  HUNDER15          60
 Persons in household under age 18                  HUNDER18         279
 PMMSA rank                                         HG-PMSA           48
 Public assistance                                  HPAW-YN          145
 Public assistance income                           HPAWVAL          146
 Public housing project                             HPUBLIC           74
 Record type indicator                              HHPOS              7
 Reduced rent, Federal, State, or local government  HLORENT           75
 paid part of cost
 Region                                             HG-REG            39
 Rental income                                      HRNTVAL          201
 Rental payments                                    HRNT-YN          200
 Retirement income                                  HRETVAL          177
 Retirement payments                                HRET-YN          176
 Self employment income                             HSEVAL            99
 Social Security income                             HSSVAL           131
 Social Security payments                           HSS-YN           130
 Sunbelt recode                                     HSUN             286
 Supplemental Security benefits                     HSSI-YN          138
 Supplemental Security income                       HSSIVAL          139
 Survivor benefits                                  HSUR-YN          160
 Survivor income                                    HSURVAL          161
 Telephone available                                H-TELAVL          37
 Telephone in household                             H-TELHHD          36
 Telephone interview acceptable                     H-TELINT          38
 Tenure                                             H-TENURE          35
 Unemployment compensation                          HINC-UC          114
 Unemployment compensation income                   HUCVAL           115
 Unique household identification                    H-IDNUM          320
 Veterans' payments income                          HVET-YN          152
 Veterans' payments income                          HVETVAL          153
 Wage and salary                                    HINC-WS           90
 Wages and salaries value                           HWSVAL            91
 Worker's compensation income                       HWCVAL           123
 Workers compensation                               HINC-WC          122
 Year of survey - last digit                        H-YEAR            28

Family Record

 Item                                               Mnemonic       Location

 Alimony payments                                   FINC-ALM        181
 Alimony income                                     FALMVAL         182
 Child support payments                             FINC-CSP        173
 Child support value                                FCSPVAL         174
 Disability income                                  FDISVAL         126
 Disability payments                                FINC-DIS        125
 Dividend income                                    FDIVVAL         150
 Dividend payments                                  FINC-DIV        149
 Education benefits                                 FINC-ED         165
 Education income                                   FEDVAL          166
 Family earnings, total value                       FEARNVAL        213
 Family income - other                              FOIVAL          198
 Family income, total other                         FOTHVAL         221
 Family record                                      FRECORD           1
 Family spouse index in persons record              FSPOUIDX         19
 Family type                                        FTYPE            10
 Farm income                                        FFRVAL           64
 Farm self-employment                               FINC-FR          63
 Financial assistance income                        FFINVAL         190
 Financial assistance payments                      FINC-FIN        189
 Household sequence number                          FH-SEQ            5
 Householder or reference person weight             FSUP-WGT        233
 Income percentiles                                 FPCTCUT          30
 Index to persons record of family husband          FHUSBIDX         17
 Index to persons record of family reference person FHEADIDX         13
 Index to persons record of family wife             FWIFEIDX         15
 Interest income                                    FINTVAL         142
 Interest payments                                  FINC-INT        141
 llind of family                                    FKIND             9
 Last member of family person record
  index. Primary family includes
   related subfamily members                        FLASTIDX         21
 Last member of family person record
  index. Primary family excludes
   related subfamily members                        FMLASIDX         23
 Low income cutoff dollar amount                    FPOVCUT          32
 Low income cutoff dollar amount of
  related subfamily                                 FRSPPCT          42
 Number of persons in family                        FPERSONS         11
 Other income payments                              FINC-OI         197
 Own business self-employment                       FINC-SE          55
 Own children in family under 6                     FOWNU6           25
 Own never married children under 18                FOWNU18          27
 Public assistance family income                    FPAWVAL         103
 Public assistance or welfare benefits              FINC-PAW        102
 Ratio of family income to low-income level         POVLL            38
 Ratio of related subfamily income to
  low-income level                                  FRSPOV           40
 Ratio offamily income to low-income level          FAMLIS           37
 Record type and sequence indicator                 FFPOS             7
 Record type and sequence indicator                 FFPOSOLD        241
 Related persons in family under 18                 FRELU18          29
 Related persons in family under 6                  FRELU6           28
 Rental family income                               FRNTVAL         158
 Rental payments                                    FINC-RNT        157
 Retirement family income                           FRETVAL         134
 Retirement payments                                FINC-RET        133
 Self employment income                             FSEVAL           56
 Social security benefits                           FINC-SS          87
 Social Security family income family income        FSSVAL           88
 Spanish origin of reference person or spouse       FSPANISH        231
 Supplemental Security benefits                     FINC-SSI         95
 Supplemental Security family income                FSSIVAL          96
 Survivor family income                             FSURVAL         118
 Survivor's payments                                FINC-SUR        118
 Total family income                                FTOT-R           17
 Total family income                                FTOTVAL         229
 Unemployment compensation                          FINC-UC         205
 Unemployment compensation family income            FUCVAL           71
 Veteran payments family income                     FVETVAL           7
 Veterans' benefits                                 FINC-VET        110
 Wage and salary                                    FINC-WS         109
 Wages and salaries family income                   FWSVAL           47
 Worker's compensation family income                FWCVAL           48
 Workers compensation                               FINC-WC          79

Person Record

 Item                                               Mnemonic   Location

 Absent from job or business or
  on layoff last week                               A-JOBABS         84
 Absent from work last week, reason                 A-WHYABS         85
 Activity most of last week                         A-MAJACT         74
 AFDC or some other type of assistance received     PAW-TYP         302
 Age                                                A-AGE            15
 Age allocation flag                                A%AGE           491
 Age recode, persons 15 + years                     AGE1             40
 Alimony income received                            ALM-VAL         421
 Alimony payments                                   ALM-YN          420
 Allocation flag for basic CPS                      A%AVAIL         518
 Allocation flag for basic CPS                      A%CHKWJ         524
 Allocation flag for basic CPS                      A%CLSWKR        523
 Allocation flag for basic CPS                      A%EARNRT        531
 Allocation flag for basic CPS                      A%ENRCHK        538
 Allocation flag for basic CPS                      A%ENRLW         539
 Allocation flag for basic CPS                      A%FTABS         512
 Allocation flag for basic CPS                      A%FTPT          541
 Allocation flag for basic CPS                      A%FTREAS        506
 Allocation flag for basic CPS                      A%GRSWK         535
 Allocation flag for basic CPS                      A%HGA           496
 Allocation flag for basic CPS                      A%HGC           497
 Allocation flag for basic CPS                      A%HRLYWK        533
 Allocation flag for basic CPS                      A%HRS           503
 Allocation flag for basic CPS                      A%HRSCHK        504
 Allocation flag for basic CPS                      A%HRSPAY        534
 Allocation flag for basic CPS                      A%HSCOL         540
 Allocation flag for basic CPS                      A%IND           521
 Allocation flag for basic CPS                      A%INTEND        530
 Allocation flag for basic CPS                      A%JOBABS        509
 Allocation flag for basic CPS                      A%LFSR          500
 Allocation flag for basic CPS                      A%LINENO        488
 Allocation flag for basic CPS                      A%LKFTPT        517
 Allocation flag for basic CPS                      A%LKWK          513
 Allocation flag for basic CPS                      A%LOSTIM        507
 Allocation flag for basic CPS                      A%MAJACT        501
 Allocation flag for basic CPS                      A%MARITL        492
 Allocation flag for basic CPS                      A%MTHD          514
 Allocation flag for basic CPS                      A%NLFLJ         526
 Allocation flag for basic CPS                      A%NLFROT        525
 Allocation flag for basic CPS                      A%OCC           522
 Allocation flag for basic CPS                      A%OVRTIM        508
 Allocation flag for basic CPS                      A%PAYABS        511
 Allocation flag for basic CPS                      A%UNCOV         537
 Allocation flag for basic CPS                      A%UNMEM         536
 Allocation flag for basic CPS                      A%USLFT         505
 Allocation flag for basic CPS                      A%USLHRS        532
 Allocation flag for basic CPS                      A%WANTJB        528
 Allocation flag for basic CPS                      A%WHENLJ        520
 Allocation flag for basic CPS                      A%WHYABS        510
 Allocation flag for basic CPS                      A%WHYLFT        527
 Allocation flag for basic CPS                      A%WHYLK         515
 Allocation flag for basic CPS                      A%WHYNA         519
 Allocation flag for basic CPS                      A%WHYNL         529
 Allocation flag for basic CPS                      A%WKSLK         516
 Allocation flag for March supplement               I-ALMVAL        599
 Allocation flag for March supplement               I-ALMYN         598
 Allocation flag for March supplement               I-CHAMP         627
 Allocation flag for March supplement               I-CSPVAL        597
 Allocation flag for March supplement               I-CSPYN         596
 Allocation flag for March supplement               I-DISCS         576
 Allocation flag for March supplement               I-DISHP         575
 Allocation flag for March supplement               I-DISSC1        573
 Allocation flag for March supplement               I-DISSC2        574
 Allocation flag for March supplement               I-DISTYP        578
 Allocation flag for March supplement               I-DISVL1        579
 Allocation flag for March supplement               I-DISVL2        580
 Allocation flag for March supplement               I-DISYN         577
 Allocation flag for March supplement               I-DIVVAL        589
 Allocation flag for March supplement               I-DIVYN         588
 Allocation flag for March supplement               I-EDTYP1        593
 Allocation flag for March supplement               I-EDTYP2        594
 Allocation flag for March supplement               I-EDYN          592
 Allocation flag for March supplement               I-ERNSRC        623
 Allocation flag for March supplement               I-ERNVAL        543
 Allocation flag for March supplement               I-ERNYN         542
 Allocation flag for March supplement               I-FINVAL        601
 Allocation flag for March supplement               I-FINYN         600
 Allocation flag for March supplement               I-FRMVAL        549
 Allocation flag for March supplement               I-FRMYN         548
 Allocation flag for March supplement               I-HIELSE        632
 Allocation flag for March supplement               I-HIEMP         630
 Allocation flag for March supplement               I-HIOWN         629
 Allocation flag for March supplement               I-HIPAID        631
 Allocation flag for March supplement               I-HIYN          628
 Allocation flag for March supplement               I-HRCHK         612
 Allocation flag for March supplement               I-HRSWK         611
 Allocation flag for March supplement               I-INDUS         617
 Allocation flag for March supplement               I-INTVAL        587
 Allocation flag for March supplement               I-INTYN         586
 Allocation flag for March supplement               I-LJCW          616
 Allocation flag for March supplement               I-LKSTR         608
 Allocation flag for March supplement               I-LKWEEK        607
 Allocation flag for March supplement               I-LOSEWK        606
 Allocation flag for March supplement               I-MCAID         626
 Allocation flag for March supplement               I-MCARE         625
 Allocation flag for March supplement               I-MIG1          635
 Allocation flag for March supplement               I-MIG4          636
 Allocation flag for March supplement               I-NOEMP         624
 Allocation flag for March supplement               I-NWLKWK        604
 Allocation flag for March supplement               I-NWLOOK        603
 Allocation flag for March supplement               I-OCCUP         618
 Allocation flag for March supplement               I-OEDVAL        595
 Allocation flag for March supplement               I-OIVAL         602
 Allocation flag for March supplement               I-PAWMO         562
 Allocation flag for March supplement               I-PAWTYP        560
 Allocation flag for March supplement               I-PAWVAL        561
 Allocation flag for March supplement               I-PAWYN         559
 Allocation flag for March supplement               I-PENINC        634
 Allocation flag for March supplement               I-PENPLA        633
 Allocation flag for March supplement               I-PHMEMP        610
 Allocation flag for March supplement               I-PTRSN         615
 Allocation flag for March supplement               I-PTWKS         614
 Allocation flag for March supplement               I-PTYN          613
 Allocation flag for March supplement               I-PYRSN         609
 Allocation flag for March supplement               I-RETSC1        582
 Allocation flag for March supplement               I-RETSC2        583
 Allocation flag for March supplement               I-RETVL1        584
 Allocation flag for March supplement               I-RETVL2        585
 Allocation flag for March supplement               I-RETYN         581
 Allocation flag for March supplement               I-RNTVAL        591
 Allocation flag for March supplement               I-RNTYN         590
 Allocation flag for March supplement               I-RSNNOT        605
 Allocation flag for March supplement               I-SEVAL         547
 Allocation flag for March supplement               I-SEYN          546
 Allocation flag for March supplement               I-SSIVAL        558
 Allocation flag for March supplement               I-SSIYN         557
 Allocation flag for March supplement               I-SSVAL         556
 Allocation flag for March supplement               I-SSYN          555
 Allocation flag for March supplement               I-SURSC1        569
 Allocation flag for March supplement               I-SURSC2        570
 Allocation flag for March supplement               I-SURTYP        568
 Allocation flag for March supplement               I-SURVL1        571
 Allocation flag for March supplement               I-SURVL2        572
 Allocation flag for March supplement               I-SURYN         567
 Allocation flag for March supplement               I-UCVAL         551
 Allocation flag for March supplement               I-UCYN          550
 Allocation flag for March supplement               I-VETQVA        566
 Allocation flag for March supplement               I-VETTYP        564
 Allocation flag for March supplement               I-VETVAL        565
 Allocation flag for March supplement               I-VETYN         563
 Allocation flag for March supplement               I-WCTYP         553
 Allocation flag for March supplement               I-WCVAL         554
 Allocation flag for March supplement               I-WCYN          552
 Allocation flag for March supplement               I-WKCHK         622
 Allocation flag for March supplement               I-WKSWK         621
 Allocation flag for March supplement               I-WORKYN        619
 Allocation flag for March supplement               I-WSVAL         545
 Allocation flag for March supplement               I-WSYN          544
 Allocation flag for March supplement               I-WTEMP         620
 Any work allocation flag                           A%ANYWK         502
 Any work dones last week                           A-ANYWK          75
 Attending or enrolled in high school,
  college, or university                            A-HSCOL         143
 Attending or enrolled in high school,
  college, or university                            A-ENRLW         142
 Available for a job if offered one                 A-AVAIL         100
 Child covered by health insurance                  CH-HI           487
 Child covered by medicare                          CH-MC           486
 Child support payments received                    CSP-YN          414
 Child support payments value                       CSP-VAL         415
 Children in household                              HIELSE2         477
 Children not in household                          HIELSE3         478
 Civilian labor force status                        A-CIVLF         152
 Class of worker                                    A-CLSWRK        109
 Class of worker                                    LJCW            189
 Class of worker recode                             A-RCOW          164
 Covered by Champus, VA, or military
  health care                                       CHAMP           471
 Current activity/reason not looking                A-NLFREA        147
 Current earnings, hourly pay                       A-WERNTF        641
 Detailed industry code                             A-DTIND         157
 Detailed occupation code                           A-DTOCC         161
 Disability income, source 1                        DIS-VAL1        350
 Disability income, source 2                        DIS-VAL2        355
 Disability income other than Social
  Security or Veterans' benefits                    DIS-YN          345
 Disability income, other                           DIS-CS2         348
 Disability income, total                           DSAB-VAL        360
 Dividends received                                 DIV-YN          391
 Earner Status Recode                               EARNER          201
 Earnings before deductions, value                  ERN-VAL         228
 Earnings from employer or
  self-employment, value                            TCERNVAL        637
 Earnings from longest job                          ERN-YN          227
 Earnings per hour                                  A-HRSPAY        131
 Earnings per week at job before
  deductions                                        A-GRSWK         135
 Earnings, total value                              PEARNVAL        448
 Earnings/not in labor force weight                 A-ERNLWT         58
 Educational assistance                             ED-YN           404
 Educational assistance, government                 OED-TYP1        405
 Educational assistance, other                      OED-TYP3        407
 Educational assistance, scholarships,
  grants etc.                                       OED-TYP2        406
 Educational assistance, total value                ED-VAL          408
 Employment status, time worked or lost             A-WKSCH         151
 Expanded relationship code                         A-EXPRRP         13
 Experienced labor force employment status          A-EXPLF         150
 Family number                                      A-FAMNUM         29
 Family relationship                                A-FAMREL         32
 Family relationship, primary and
  unrelated subfamily only                          FAMREL           35
 Family type                                        A-FAMTYP         31
 Farm self employment income                        TCFFMVAL        640
 Farm self-employment                               FRMOTR          262
 Farm self-employment                               FRSE-YN         268
 Farm self-employment earnings value                FRM-VAL         263
 Farm self-employment earnings, total value         FRSE-VAL        269
 Final weight                                       A-FNLWGT         50
 Financial assistance                               FIN-YN          426
 Financial assistance income                        FIN-VAL         427
 FIPS State code                                    GRIN-ST         216
 Full-time labor force                              A-FTLF          153
 Full/part-time worker                              WEXP            196
 Full/part-time status                              A-WKSTAT        149
 Group health insurance, including
  dependents                                        COV-GH          484
 Health insurance plan coverage in
  own name                                          HIOWN           473
 Health insurance plan offered through
  employer or union                                 HIEMP           474
 Health plan portion paid by employer
  or union                                          HIPAID          475
 Health problem or a disability which
  prevents working                                  DIS-HP          343
 Highest grade attended                             A-HGA            22
 Highest grade completed                            A-HGC            24
 Hourly wages                                       A-HRLYWK        130
 Hours per week usually worked at job               A-USLHRS        128
 Hours worked last week at all jobs                 A-HRS1           76
 Hours worked per week                              HRSWK           181
 Household and Family Status                        HHDFMX           37
 Household sequence number                          PH-SEQ            2
 Household summary                                  HHDREL           34
 Income received, other                             OI-YN           434
 Income sources, other                              OI-OFF          432
 Income, other                                      OI-VAL          435
 Income, other persons total value                  POTHVAL         457
 Industry                                           A-IND           103
 Industry of longest job                            INDUSTRY        190
 Industry of longest job by detailed
  groups                                            WEIND           208
 Industry of longest job by major
  industry group                                    WEMIND          210
 Interest income received                           INT-VAL         386
 Interest received                                  INT-YN          385
 Interviewer check item                             A-ENRCHK        141
 Interviewer check item                             HRCHECK         183
 Interviewer check item                             WRK-CK          481
 Interviewer check item                             A-HRSCHK         78
 Interviewer check item                             WKCHECK         173
 Job not taken, reason                              A-WHYNA         101
 Labor force status recode                          A-LFSR          145
 Labor union or of an employee
  association member                                A-UNMEM         139
 Last full/part-time job                            A-NLFLJ         112
 Last time worked at a full/part-time
  job                                               A-WHENLJ        102
 Length of time looking for work                    A-WKSLK          97
 Line number                                        A-LINENO          9
 Longest job class of worker                        WECLW           203
 Longest job class of worker recode                 CLWK            202
 Looking for full/part-time work                    A-LKFTPT         99
 Looking for job, did nothing                       A-MTHD6          94
 Looking for job, employer directly                 A-MTHD3          91
 Looking for job, friends or relatives              A-MTHD4          92
 Looking for job, other methods                     A-MTHD7          95
 Looking for job, placed or answered
        ads                                         A-MTHD5          93
 Looking for job, private employment
  agency                                            A-MTHD2          90
 Looking for job, public employment
  agency                                            A-MTHD1          89
 Looking for work                                   NWLOOK          167
 Looking for work during next 12 months             A-INTEND        126
 Looking for work during past 4 weeks               A-LKWK           88
 Looking for work, reason                           A-WHYLK          96
 Lost time or time taken off from work,
  any reason                                        A-LOSTIM         82
 Low-income level of persons recode                 PERLIS          468
 Major industry code                                A-MJIND         155
 Major occupation code                              A-MJOCC         159
 March supplement final weight                      MARSUPWT         66
 Marital status                                     A-MARITL         17
 Medicaid coverage                                  MCAID           470
 Medicare coverage                                  MCARE           469
 Migration recode                                   MIG-MTR1        218
 Migration recode                                   MIG-MTR3        220
 Migration recode                                   MIG-MTR4        221
 Money earned from other work                       ERN-OTR         235
 MSA status description of residence                GRN-PLAC        224
 No dividends received                              DIV-NON         392
 Nonfarm self employment income                     TCSEVAL         639
 Not looking for work reason                        PYRSN           179
 Number of employers                                PHMEMPRS        180
 Occupation                                         A-OCC           106
 Occupation of longest job                          OCCUP           193
 Occupation of longest job                          POCCU2          204
 Occupation of longest job by major
  groups                                            WEMOCG          206
 Origin                                             A-REORGN         27
 Origin allocation flag for basic CPS               A%ORIGIN        499
 Other wage and salary earnings                     WAGEOTR         236
 Others in household                                HIELSE5         480
 Overtime work or worked at more
  than one job                                      A-OVRTIM         83
 Own business self-employment                       SEMP-YN         255
 Own business self-employment earnings,
  other work                                        SE-VAL          250
 Own business self-employment earnings,
  total value                                       SEMP-VAL        256
 Own business self-employment, other
  work                                              SEOTR           249
 Parent's line number                               A-PARENT         11
 Parent's line number allocation flag
  for basic CPS                                     A%PARENT        490
 Parent(s) present                                  PARENT           39
 Pension or retirement income other
  than Social Sec. or Veterans'
  benefits                                          RET-YN          366
 Pension plan participant                           PENINCL         483
 Pension plan provided by employer
  or union                                          PENPLAN         482
 People employed at job                             NOEMP           226
 Person income, total                               PTOT-R          466
 Person income, total                               PTOTVAL         440
 Person record                                      PRECORD           1
 Persons living in house last year                  MIGSAME         214
 Place description of residence last
  year                                              PLACDSCP        225
 Previous residence in sunbelt                      MIGSUN          223
 Previous residence region                          GRIN-REG        215
 Primary family relationship                        A-PFREL          33
 Private health insurance plan coverage             HI-YN           472
 Private health insurance, including
  dependents                                        COV-HI          485
 Public assistance or welfare value
  received                                          PAW-VAL         305
 Public assistance received                         PAW-YN          301
 Race                                               A-RACE           25
 Race allocation flag for basic CPS                 A%RACE          498
 Reason for not working                             RSNNOTW         170
 Reason for not working, believes no
  work available                                    A-WHYNL1        115
 Reason for not working, can't arrange
  child care                                        A-WHYNL6        120
 Reason for not working, couldn't find
  any work                                          A-WHYNL2        116
 Reason for not working, don't know                 A-WHYNLB        125
 Reason for not working, employers
  think too young or too old                        A-WHYNL4        118
 Reason for not working, family
  responsibilities                                  A-WHYNL7        121
 Reason for not working, ill health                 A-WHYNL9        123
 Reason for not working, in school or
  other training                                    A-WHYNL8        122
 Reason for not working, lacks
  necessary schooling, etc.                         A-WHYNL3        117
 Reason for not working, other                      A-WHYNLLA       124
 Reason for not working, other personal
  handicap in finding                               A-WHYNL5        119
 Reason left job                                    A-WHYLFT        113
 Record type and sequence indicator                 PPPOS             7
 Record type and sequence indicator                 PPOSOLD         110
 Regular job wanted, either
  full/part-time                                    A-WANTJB        144
 Relationship to reference person
  allocation flag for basic CPS                     A%RRP           489
 Rent income                                        RNT-VAL         399
 Rent income received                               RNT-YN          398
 Retire or leave a job for health
  reasons                                           DISCS           344
 Retirement income received, total                  RTM-VAL         379
 Retirement income source, type 1                   RET-SC1         367
 Retirement income, other, type 2                   RET-SC2         368
 Retirement income, type 1                          RET-VAL1        369
 Retirement income, type 2                          RET-VAL2        374
 School enrollment, full-time
  or part-time                                      A-FTPT          144
 Self only in household                             HIELSE4         479
 Sequence number of parent in household             PRNT-PTR         48
 Sequence number pointer to family
  record                                            PF-SEQ           46
 Sequence number pointer to own family
  record in household                               PHF-SEQ          44
 Sex                                                A-SEX            20
 Sex allocation flag for basic CPS                  A%SEX           494
 Social Security payments received                  SS-YN           290
 Social Security payments received,
      value                                         SS-VAL          291
 Social Security payments, months
      received                                      PAW-MON         303
 Source of earnings from longest job                ERN-SRCE        234
 Source of income                                   DIS-SC1         346
 Spouse in household                                HIELSE1         476
 Spouse's line number                               A-SPOUSE         18
 Spouse's line number allocation flag
  for basic CPS                                     A%SPOUSE        493
 Status of person identifier                        P-STAT           26
 Stock dividends value                              DIV-VAL         393
 Supplemental Security income                       SSI-VAL         297
 Supplemental Security income received              SSI-YN          296
 Supplemental unemployment benefits
        received                                    SUBUC           276
 Survivor's benefits other than Social
  Security or Veterans' benefits                    SUR-YN          322
 Survivor's income received, total                  SRVS-VAL        337
 Survivor's income, source 1                        SUR-SC1         323
 Survivor's income, source 1                        SUR-VAL1        327
 Survivor's income, source 2                        SUR-SC2         325
 Survivor's income, source 2                        SUR-VAL2        332
 Temporary, part-time, or seasonal work             WTEMP           166
 Total wage and salary earnings value               WSAL-VAL        243
 Unemployment compensation benefits                 UC-YN           275
 Unemployment compensation benefits value           UC-VAL          278
 Unemployment, reason                               A-UNTYPE        146
 Union or employee association contract             A-UNCOV         140
 Union unemployment or strike benefits received     STRKUC          277
 VA annual income questionnaire requirement         VET-QVA         316
 Veteran                                            A-VET            21
 Veteran status allocation flag for basic CPS       A%VET           495
 Veterans' payments income                          VET-VAL         317
 Veterans' payments received                        VET-YN          310
 Veterans' payments, type 1                         VET-TYP1        311
 Veterans' payments, type 2                         VET-TYP2        312
 Veterans' payments, type 3                         VET-TYP3        313
 Veterans' payments, type 4                         VET-TYP4        314
 Veterans' payments, type 5                         VET-TYP5        315
 Wage and salary earnings in ERN-YN or WAGEOTR      WSAL-YN         242
 Wage and salary earnings, other, value             WS-VAL          237
 Wage and salary income                             TCWSVAL         638
 Wages or salary received during week               A-PAYABS         86
 Weekly pay                                         A-HERNTF        642
 Weeks looking for job                              WEUEMP          200
 Weeks looking for work                             LKWEEKS         176
 Weeks looking for work in one stretch              LKSTRCH         178
 Weeks looking for work on layoff                   NWLKWK          168
 Weeks lost from work                               LOSEWKS         174
 Weeks nonworker looked for job                     WELKNW          199
 Weeks worked                                       LKNONE          175
 Weeks worked                                       WKSWORK         171
 Weeks worked last year                             WEWKRS          198
 Weeks worked less than 35 hours                    PTWEEKS         185
 Work at job or business during year                WORKYN          165
 Worked 35 hours or more a week at job              A-USLFT          79
 Worked 35 hours or more per week                   A-FTABS          87
 Worked less than 35 hours                          PTYN            184
 Worked less than 35 hours per week, reason         PTRSN           187
 Worker's compensation payments  received           WC-YN           283
 Worker's compensation payments, type               WC-TYPE         284
 Worker's compensation payments, value              WC-VAL          285
 Works 35 hours or more a week at job               A-FTREAS         80
 Years of school completed                          SCHL1            42
DATA DICTIONARY ALPHABETICAL VARIABLE LISTING

Household Record

 Mnemonic             Item                                      Location

 H%HHNUM      Allocation flags for basic CPS                       296
 H%LIVQRT     Allocation flags for basic CPS                       297
 H%TELAVL     Allocation flags for basic CPS                       300
 H%TELHHD     Allocation flags for basic CPS                       299
 H%TELINT     Allocation flags for basic CPS                       301
 H%TENURE     Allocation flags for basic CPS                       295
 H-FAMINC     Control Card Family Income                             9
 H-HHNUM      Household number                                      30
 H-HHTYPE     Type of household                                     20
 H-IDNUM      Unique household identifler                          320
 H-LIVQRT     Type of living quarters                               31
 H-MIS        Month in sample                                       29
 H-MONTH      Month of survey                                       26
 H-NUMPER     Persons in household                                  21
 H-SEQ        Household sequence number                              2
 H-TELAVL     Telephone available                                   37
 H-TELHHD     Telephone in household                                36
 H-TELINT     Telephone interview acceptable                        38
 H-TENURE     Tenure                                                35
 H-TYPE       Household type                                        25
 H-TYPEBC     Type of housing unit                                  33
 H-YEAR       Year of survey - last digit                           28
 HALM-TH      Alimony payments received                            224
 HALMVAL      Alimony payments income                              225
 HCCC-R       Central city MSA status code                          58
 HCHAMP       Champus, VA, or military health care                 276
 HCHI         Children covered by other health insurance            64
 HCHINNO      Children covered by insurance of person not
              living in household                                   67
 HCHINO       Children covered by insurance of person not
              living in household                                   65
 HCHINRH      Children covered by insurance of person not
              living in household                                   66
 HCMCARE      Children covered by Medicare                          62
 HCMCENO      Children covered by Medicare                          63
 HCSP-YN      Child support payments                               216
 HCSPVAL      Child support income                                 217
 HDIS-YN      Disability benefits                                  168
 HDISVAL      Disability income                                    169
 HDIV-YN      Dividend payments                                    192
 HDIVVAL      Dividend income                                      193
 HEARNVAL     Household earnings, total value                      256
 HED-YN       Educational assistance benefits                      208
 HEDVAL       Education assistance income                          209
 HENGAST      Energy assistance benefits                            85
 HENGVAL      Energy assistance income                              86
 HFARM        Farm definition                                       59
 HFDVAL       Food stamps value                                     81
 HFIN-YN      Financial assistance payments                        232
 HFINVAL      Financial assistance income                          233
 HFLUNCH      Children receiving free or Reduced price lunches      72
 HFLUNNO      Children receiving free lunch                         73
 HFOODMO      Food stamps, months covered                           79
 HFOODNO      Food stamps, children covered                         77
 HFOODSP      Food stamps recipients                                76
 HFRVAL       Farm income                                          107
 HG-CMSA      CMSA code                                             53
 HG-MSAC      MSA or PMSA FIPS Code                                 44
 HG-MSAR      MSA or CMSA rank                                      50
 HG-PMSA      PMSA rank                                             48
 HG-REG       Region                                                39
 HG-ST60      1960 Census State code                                40
 HG-STRN      1980 State rank                                       42
 HH5TO18      Persons in household age 5 to 18                      68
 HHI-YN       Health insurance coverage                            277
 HHINC        Household income, total                              272
 HHOTLUN      Hot lunch eaten by children at school                 70
 HHOTNO       Hot lunch, number of children who ate at school       71
 HHPOS        Record type indicator                                  7
 HHSTATUS     Household status                                     278
 HINC-FR      Farm self-employment                                 106
 HINC-SE      Own business self-employment                          98
 HINC-UC      Unemployment compensation                            114
 HINC-WC      Workers compensation                                 122
 HINC-WS      Wage and salary                                       90
 HINT-YN      Interest payments                                    184
 HINTVAL      Household interest income                            185
 HLORENT      Reduced rent, federal, state, or local gov.
              paid part of cost                                     75
 HMCAID       Medicaid coverage                                    275
 HMCARE       Medicare coverage                                    274
 HMSA-R       Modified MSA status code                              57
 HMSSZ        MSA size                                              55
 HNUMFAM      Families in household                                 23
 HOI-YN       Income payments, other                               240
 HOIVAL       Household income                                     241
 HOTHVAL      Income, value of other types                         264
 HPAW-YN      Public assistance                                    145
 HPAWVAL      Public assistance income                             146
 HPCTCUT      Household income percentiles National rank           282
 HPMSASZ      MSA/PMSA size                                         56
 HPUBLIC      Public housing project                                74
 HRECORD      Household record                                       1
 H-RESPNM     Household respondent line number                      12
 HRET-YN      Retirement payments                                  176
 HRETVAL      Retirement income                                    177
 HRNT-YN      Rental payments                                      200
 HRNTVAL      Rental income                                        201
 HSEVAL       Self employment income                                99
 HSS-YN       Social Security payments                             130
 HSSI-YN      Supplemental Security benefits                       138
 HSSIVAL      Supplemental Security income                         139
 HSSVAL       Social Security income                               131
 HSUN         Sunbelt recode                                       286
 HSUP-WGT     March supplement household weight                    287
 HSUR-YN      Survivor benefits                                    160
 HSURVAL      Survivor income                                      161
 HTOP5PCT     Household income percentiles                         281
 HTOTVAL      Household income, total value                        248
 HUCVAL       Unemployment compensation income                     115
 HUNDER15     Persons in household under age 15                     60
 HUNDER18     Persons in household under age 18                    279
 HUUNITS      Number of units in this structure                     11
 HVET-YN      Veterans' payments income                            152
 HVETVAL      Veterans' payments income                            153
 HWCVAL       Worker's compensation income                         123
 HWSVAL       Wages and salaries value                              91
 I-HCHI       Allocation flags for supplement household items      304
 I-HCHINN     Allocation flags for supplement household items      307
 I-HCHINO     Allocation flags for supplement household items      305
 I-HCHINR     Allocation flags for supplement household items      306
 I-HCMCAR     Allocation flags for supplement household items      302
 I-HCMCEN     Allocation flags for supplement household items      303
 I-HENGAS     Allocation flags for supplement household items      318
 I-HENGVA     Allocation flags for supplement household items      319
 I-HFDVAL     Allocation flags for supplement household items      315
 I-HFLUNC     Allocation flags for supplement household items      310
 I-HFLUNN     Allocation flags for supplement household items      311
 I-HFOODM     Allocation flags for supplement household items      317
 I-HFOODN     Allocation flags for supplement household items      316
 I-HFOODS     Allocation flags for supplement household items      314
 I-HHOTLU     Allocation flags for supplement household items      308
 I-HHOTNO     Allocation flags for supplement household items      309
 I-HLOREN     Allocation flags for supplement household items      313
 I-HPUBLI     Allocation flags for supplement household items      312
 INDCCODE     Individual Central City Code                         285

Family Record

 Mnemonic     Item                                                   Location

 FALMVAL      Family alimony income                                      182
 FAMLIS       Ratio of family income to low-income level                  37
 FCSPVAL      Child support value                                        174
 FDISVAL      Disability income                                          126
 FDIVVAL      Dividend income                                            150
 FEARNVAL     Family earnings, total value                               213
 FEDVAL       Education income                                           166
 FFINVAL      Financial assistance income                                190
 FFPOS        Record type and sequence indicator                           7
 FFPOSOLD     Record type and sequence indicator                         241
 FFRVAL       Farm income                                                 64
 FH-SEQ       Household sequence number                                    5
 FHEADIDX     Index to persons record of family reference person          13
 FHUSBIDX     Index to persons record of family husband                   17
 FINC-ALM     Alimony payments                                           181
 FINC-CSP     Child support payments                                     173
 FINC-DIS     Disability payments                                        125
 FINC-DIV     Dividend payments                                          149
 FINC-ED      Education benefits                                         165
 FINC-FIN     Financial assistance payments                              189
 FINC-FR      Farm self-employment                                        63
 FINC-INT     Interest payments                                          141
 FINC-OI      Other income payments                                      197
 FINC-PAW     Public assistance or welfare benefits                      102
 FINC-RET     Retirement payments                                        133
 FINC-RNT     Rental payments                                            157
 FINC-SE      Own business self-employment                                55
 FINC-SS      Social Security benefits                                    87
 FINC-SSI     Supplemental Security benefits                              95
 FINC-SUR     Survivor's payments                                        117
 FINC-UC      Unemployment compensation                                   71
 FINC-VET     Veterans' benefits                                         109
 FINC-WC      Workers compensation                                        79
 FINC-WS      Wage and salary                                             47
 FINTVAL      Family income - interest income                            142
 FKIND        Kind of family                                               9
 FLASTIDX     Last member of family person record index.
              Primary family includes related subfamily members           21
 FMLASIDX     Last member of family person record index. Primary
              family excludes related subfamily members                   23
 FOIVAL       Family income - other                                      198
 FOTHVAL      Family income, total other                                 221
 FOWNU18      Own never married children under 18                         27
 FOWNU6       Own children in family under 6                              25
 FPAWVAL      Public assistance family income                            103
 FPCTCUT      Income percentiles                                          30
 FPERSONS     Number of persons in family                                 11
 FPOVCUT      Low income cutoff dollar amount                             32
 FRECORD      Family record                                                1
 FRELU6       Related persons in family under 6                           28
 FRELU18      Related persons in family under 18                          29
 FRETVAL      Retirement family income                                   134
 FRNTVAL      Rental family income                                       158
 FRSPOV       Ratio of related subfamily income to low-income level       40
 FRSPPCT      Low income cutoff dollar amount of related subfamily        42
 FSEVAL       Self employment income                                      56
 FSPANISH     Spanish origin of reference person or spouse               231
 FSPOUIDX     Family spouse index in persons record                       19
 FSSIVAL      Supplemental Security family income                         96
 FSSVAL       Social Security family income family income                 88
 FSUP-WGT     Householder or reference person weight                     233
 FSURVAL      Survivor family income                                     118
 FTOT-R       Total family income recode                                 229
 FTOTVAL      Total family income                                        205
 FTYPE        Family type                                                 10
 FUCVAL       Unemployment compensation family income                     72
 FVETVAL      Veteran payments family income                             110
 FWCVAL       Worker's compensation family income                         80
 FWIFEIDX     Index to persons record of family wife                      15
 FWSVAL       Wages and salaries family income                            48
 POVLL        Ratio of family income to low-income level                  38

Person Record

 Mnemonic     Item                                                   Location

 A%AGE        Age allocation flag                                        491
 A%ANYWK      Any work allocation flag                                   502
 A%AVAIL      Allocation flag for basic CPS                              518
 A%CHKWJ      Allocation flag for basic CPS                              524
 A%CLSWKR     Allocation flag for basic CPS                              523
 A%EARNRT     Allocation flag for basic CPS                              531
 A%ENRCHK     Allocation flag for basic CPS                              538
 A%ENRLW      Allocation flag for basic CPS                              539
 A%FTABS      Allocation flag for basic CPS                              512
 A%FTPT       Allocation flag for basic CPS                              541
 A%FTREAS     Allocation flag for basic CPS                              506
 A%GRSWK      Allocation flag for basic CPS                              535
 A%HGA        Allocation flag for basic CPS                              496
 A%HGC        Allocation flag for basic CPS                              497
 A%HRLYWK     Allocation flag for basic CPS                              533
 A%HRS        Allocation flag for basic CPS                              503
 A%HRSCHK     Allocation flag for basic CPS                              504
 A%HRSPAY     Allocation flag for basic CPS                              534
 A%HSCOL      Allocation flag for basic CPS                              540
 A%IND        Allocation flag for basic CPS                              521
 A%INTEND     Allocation flag for basic CPS                              530
 A%JOBABS     Allocation flag for basic CPS                              509
 A%LFSR       Allocation flag for basic CPS                              500
 A%LINENO     Allocation flag for basic CPS                              488
 A%LKFTPT     Allocation flag for basic CPS                              517
 A%LKWK       Allocation flag for basic CPS                              513
 A%LOSTIM     Allocation flag for basic CPS                              507
 A%MAJACT     Allocation flag for basic CPS                              501
 A%MARITL     Allocation flag for basic CPS                              492
 A%MTHD       Allocation flag for basic CPS                              514
 A%NLFLJ      Allocation flag for basic CPS                              526
 A%NLFROT     Allocation flag for basic CPS                              525
 A%OCC        Allocation flag for basic CPS                              522
 A%ORIGIN     Origin allocation flag for basic CPS                       499
 A%OVRTIM     Allocation flag for basic CPS                              508
 A%PARENT     Parent's line number allocation flag for basic CPS         490
 A%PAYABS     Allocation flag for basic CPS                              511
 A%RACE       Race allocation flag for basic CPS                         498
 A%RRP        Relationship to reference person allocation flag
              for basic CPS                                              489
 A%SEX        Sex allocation flag for basic CPS                          494
 A%SPOUSE     Spouse's line number allocation flag for basic CPS         493
 A%UNCOV      Allocation flag for basic CPS                              537
 A%UNMEM      Allocation flag for basic CPS                              536
 A%USLFT      Allocation flag for basic CPS                              505
 A%USLHRS     Allocation flag for basic CPS                              532
 A%VET        Veteran status allocation flag for basic CPS               495
 A%WANTJB     Allocation flag for basic CPS                              528
 A%WHENLJ     Allocation flag for basic CPS                              520
 A%WHYABS     Allocation flag for basic CPS                              510
 A%WHYLFT     Allocation flag for basic CPS                              527
 A%WHYLK      Allocation flag for basic CPS                              515
 A%WHYNA      Allocation flag for basic CPS                              519
 A%WHYNL      Allocation flag for basic CPS                              529
 A%WKSLK      Allocation flag for basic CPS                              516
 A-AGE        Age                                                         15
 A-ANYWK      Any work done last week                                     75
 A-AVAIL      Available for a job if offered one                         100
 A-CIVLF      Civilian Labor Force Status                                152
 A-CLSWKR     Class of worker                                            109
 A-DTIND      Detailed industry code                                     157
 A-DTOCC      Detailed occupation code                                   161
 A-ENRCHK     Interviewer check item                                     141
 A-ENRLW      Attending or enrolled in high school, college,
              or university                                              142
 A-ERNEL      Earnings eligibility flag                                  163
 A-ERNLWT     Earnings/not in labor force weight                          58
 A-EXPLF      Experienced labor force employment status                  150
 A-EXPRRP     Expanded relationship code                                  13
 A-FAMNUM     Family number                                               29
 A-FAMREL     Family relationship                                         32
 A-FAMTYP     Family type                                                 31
 A-FNLWGT     Final weight                                                50
 A-FTABS      Worked 35 hours or more per week                            87
 A-FTLF       Full-time labor force                                      153
 A-FTPT       School enrollment, full-time or part-time                  144
 A-FTREAS     Works 35 hours or more a week at job                        80
 A-GRSWK      Earnings per week at job before deductions                 135
 A-HERNTF     Weekly pay                                                 642
 A-HGA        Highest grade attended                                      22
 A-HGC        Highest grade completed                                     24
 A-HRLYWK     Hourly wages                                               130
 A-HRS1       Hours worked last week at all jobs                          76
 A-HRSCHK     Interviewer check item                                      78
 A-HRSPAY     Earnings per hour                                          131
 A-HSCOL      Attending or enrolled in high school or college            143
 A-IND        Industry                                                   103
 A-INTEND     Looking for work during next 12 months                     126
 A-JOBABS     Absent from job or business or on layoff last week          84
 A-LFSR       Labor force status recode                                  145
 A-LINENO     Line number                                                  9
 A-LKFTPT     Looking for full/part-time work                             99
 A-LKWK       Looking for work during past 4 weeks                        88
 A-LOSTIM     Lost time or time taken off from work, any reason           82
 A-MAJACT     Activity most of last week                                  74
 A-MARITL     Marital status                                              17
 A-MJIND      Major industry code                                        155
 A-MJOCC      Major occupation code                                      159
 A-MTHD1      Looking for job, public employment agency                   89
 A-MTHD2      Looking for job, private employment agency                  90
 A-MTHD3      Looking for job, employer directly                          91
 A-MTHD4      Looking for job, friends or relatives                       92
 A-MTHD5      Looking for job, placed or answered ads                     93
 A-MTHD6      Looking for job, did nothing                                94
 A-MTHD7      Looking for job, other methods                              95
 A-NLFLJ      Last full/part-time job                                    112
 A-NLFREA     Current activity/reason not looking                        147
 A-OCC        Occupation                                                 106
 A-OVRTIM     Overtime work or worked at more than one job                83
 A-PARENT     Parent's line number                                        11
 A-PAYABS     Wages or salary received during week                        86
 A-PFREL      Primary family relationship                                 33
 A-RACE       Race                                                        25
 A-RCOW       Class of worker recode                                     164
 A-REORGN     Origin                                                      27
 A-SEX        Sex                                                         20
 A-SPOUSE     Spouse's line number                                        18
 A-UNCOV      Union or employee association contract                     140
 A-UNMEM      Labor union or of an employee association member           139
 A-UNTYPE     Unemployment, reason                                       146
 A-USLFT      Worked 35 hours or more a week at job                       79
 A-USLHRS     Hours per week usually worked at job                       128
 A-VET        Veteran                                                     21
 A-WANTJB     Regular job wanted, either full/part-time                  114
 A-WERNTF     Current earnings, hourly pay                               641
 A-WHENLJ     Last time worked at a full/part-time job                   102
 A-WHYABS     Absent from work last week, reason                          85
 A-WHYLFT     Reason left job                                            113
 A-WHYLK      Looking for work, reason                                    96
 A-WHYNA      Job not taken, reason                                      101
 A-WHYNL1     Reason for not working, believes no work available         115
 A-WHYNL2     Reason for not working, couldn't find any work             116
 A-WHYNL3     Reason for not working, lacks necessary schooling,
              etc.                                                       117
 A-WHYNL4     Reason for not working, employers think too young
              or too old                                                 118
 A-WHYNL5     Reason for not working, other personal handicap in finding 119
 A-WHYNL6     Reason for not working, can't arrange child care           120
 A-WHYNL7     Reason for not working, family responsibilities            121
 A-WHYNL8     Reason for not working, in school or other training        122
 A-WHYNL9     Reason for not working, ill health                         123
 A-WHYNLA     Reason for not working, other                              124
 A-WHYNLB     Reason for not working, don't know                         125
 A-WKSCH      Employment status, time worked or lost                     151
 A-WKSLK      Length of time looking for work                             97
 A-WKSTAT     Full/part-time status                                      149
 AGE1         Age recode, persons 15 + years                              40
 ALM-VAL      Alimony income received                                    421
 ALM-YN       Alimony payments                                           420
 CH-HI        Child covered by health insurance                          487
 CH-MC        Child covered by medicare                                  486
 CHAMP        Covered by Champus, VA, or military health care            471
 CLWK         Longest job class of worker recode                         202
 COV-GH       Group health insurance, including dependetns               484
 COV-HI       Private health insurance, including dependents             485
 CSP-VAL      Child support payments value                               415
 CSP-YN       Child support payments received                            414
 DIS-CS       Retire or leave a job for health reasons                   344
 DIS-HP       Health problem or a disability which prevents working      343
 DIS-SC1      Source of income                                           346
 DIS-SC2      Disability income, other                                   348
 DlS-VAL1     Disability income, source 1                                350
 DIS-VAL2     Disability income, source 2                                355
 DIS-YN       Disability income other than Social Security or veterans'
              benefits                                                   345
 DIV-NON      No dividends received                                      392
 DIV-VAL      Stock dividends value                                      393
 DIV-YN       Dividends received                                         391
 DSAB-VAL     Disability income, total                                   360
 EARNER       Earner Status Recode                                       201
 ED-VAL       Educational assistance, total value                        408
 ED-YN        Educational assistance                                     404
 ERN-OTR      Money earned from other work                               235
 ERN-SRCE     Source of earnings from longest job                        234
 ERN-VAL      Earnings before deductions, value                          228
 ERN-YN       Earnings from longest job                                  227
 FAMREL       Family relationship, primary and unrelated subfamily only   35
 FIN-VAL      Financial assistance income                                427
 FIN-YN       Financial assistance                                       426
 FRM-VAL      Farm self-employment earnings value                        263
 FRMOTR       Farm self-employment                                       262
 FRSE-VAL     Farm self-employment earnings, total value                 269
 FRSE-YN      Farm self-employment                                       268
 GRIN-REG     Previous residence region                                  215
 GRIN-ST      FIPS State code                                            216
 GRN-PLAC     MSA status description of residence                        224
 HHDFMX       Household and family status                                 37
 HHDREL       Household summary                                           34
 HI-YN        Private health insurance plan coverage                     472
 HIELSE1      Spouse in household                                        476
 HIELSE2      Children in household                                      477
 HIELSE3      Children not in household                                  478
 HIELSE4      Self only in household                                     479
 HIELSE5      Others in household                                        480
 HIEMP        Health insurance plan offered through employer or
              union                                                      474
 HIOWN        Health insurance plan coverage in own name                 473
 HIPAID       Health plan portion paid by employer or union              475
 HRCHECK      Interviewer check item                                     183
 HRSWK        Hours worked per week                                      181
 I-ALMVAL     Allocation flag for March supplement                       599
 I-ALMYN      Allocation flag for March supplement                       598
 I-CHAMP      Allocation flag for March supplement                       627
 I-CSPVAL     Allocation flag for March supplement                       597
 I-CSPYN      Allocation flag for March supplement                       596
 I-DISCS      Allocation flag for March supplement                       576
 I-DISHP      Allocation flag for March supplement                       575
 I-DISSC1     Allocation flag for March supplement                       573
 I-DISSC2     Allocation flag for March supplement                       574
 I-DISTYP     Allocation flag for March supplement                       578
 I-DISVL1     Allocation flag for March supplement                       579
 l-DISVL2     Allocation flag for March supplement                       580
 I-DISYN      Allocation flag for March supplement                       577
 I-DIVVAL     Allocation flag for March supplement                       589
 I-DIVYN      Allocation flag for March supplement                       588
 I-EDTYP1     Allocation flag for March supplement                       593
 I-EDTYP2     Allocation flag for March supplement                       594
 I-EDYN       Allocation flag for March supplement                       592
 I-ERNSRC     Allocation flag for March supplement                       623
 I-ERNVAL     Allocation flag for March supplement                       543
 I-ERNYN      Allocation flag for March supplement                       542
 I-FINVAL     Allocation flag for March supplement                       601
 I-FINYN      Allocation flag for March supplement                       600
 I-FRMVAL     Allocation flag for March supplement                       549
 I-FRMYN      Allocation flag for March supplement                       548
 I-HIELSE     Allocation flag for March supplement                       632
 I-HIEMP      Allocation flag for March supplement                       630
 I-HIOWN      Allocation flag for March supplement                       629
 I-HIPAID     Allocation flag for March supplement                       631
 I-HIYN       Allocation flag for March supplement                       628
 I-HRCHK      Allocation flag for March supplement                       612
 I-HRSWK      Allocation flag for March supplement                       611
 I-INDUS      Allocation flag for March supplement                       617
 I-INTVAL     Allocation flag for March supplement                       587
 I-INTYN      Allocation flag for March supplement                       586
 I-LJCW       Allocation flag for March supplement                       616
 I-LKSTR      Allocation flag for March supplement                       608
 I-LKWEEK     Allocation flag for March supplement                       607
 I-LOSEWK     Allocation flag for March supplement                       606
 I-MCAID      Allocation flag for March supplement                       626
 I-MCARE      Allocation flag for March supplement                       625
 I-MIG1       Allocation flag for March supplement                       635
 I-MIG4       Allocation flag for March supplement                       636
 I-NOEMP      Allocation flag for March supplement                       624
 I-NWLKWK     Allocation flag for March supplement                       604
 I-NWLOOK     Allocation flag for March supplement                       603
 I-OCCUP      Allocation flag for March supplement                       618
 I-OEDVAL     Allocation flag for March supplement                       595
 I-OIVAL      Allocation flag for March supplement                       602
 I-PAWMO      Allocation flag for March supplement                       562
 I-PAWTYP     Allocation flag for March supplement                       560
 I-PAWVAL     Allocation flag for March supplement                       561
 I-PAWYN      Allocation flag for March supplement                       559
 I-PENINC     Allocation flag for March supplement                       634
 I-PENPLA     Allocation flag for March supplement                       633
 I-PHMEMP     Allocation flag for March supplement                       610
 I-PTRSN      Allocation flag for March supplement                       615
 I-PTWKS      Allocation flag for March supplement                       614
 I-PTYN       Allocation flag for March supplement                       613
 I-PYRSN      Allocation flag for March supplement                       609
 I-RETSC1     Allocation flag for March supplement                       582
 I-RETSC2     Allocation flag for March supplement                       583
 I-RETVL1     Allocation flag for March supplement                       584
 I-RETVL2     Allocation flag for March supplement                       585
 I-RETYN      Allocation flag for March supplement                       581
 I-RNTVAL     Allocation flag for March supplement                       591
 I-RNTYN      Allocation flag for March supplement                       590
 I-RSNNOT     Allocation flag for March supplement                       605
 I-SEVAL      Allocation flag for March supplement                       547
 I-SEYN       Allocation flag for March supplement                       546
 I-SSIVAL     Allocation flag for March supplement                       558
 I-SSIYN      Allocation flag for March supplement                       557
 I-SSVAL      Allocation flag for March supplement                       556
 I-SSYN       Allocation flag for March supplement                       555
 I-SURSC1     Allocation flag for March supplement                       569
 I-SURSC2     Allocation flag for March supplement                       570
 I-SURTYP     Allocation flag for March supplement                       568
 I-SURVL1     Allocation flag for March supplement                       571
 I-SURVL2     Allocation flag for March supplement                       572
 I-SURYN      Allocation flag for March supplement                       567
 I-UCVAL      Allocation flag for March supplement                       551
 I-UCYN       Allocation flag for March supplement                       550
 I-VETQVA     Allocation flag for March supplement                       566
 I-VETTYP     Allocation flag for March supplement                       564
 I-VETVAL     Allocation flag for March supplement                       565
 I-VETYN      Allocation flag for March supplement                       563
 I-WCTYP      Allocation flag for March supplement                       553
 I-WCVAL      Allocation flag for March supplement                       554
 I-WCYN       Allocation flag for March supplement                       552
 I-WKCHK      Allocation flag for March supplement                       622
 I-WKSWK      Allocation flag for March supplement                       621
 I-WORKYN     Allocation flag for March supplement                       619
 I-WSVAL      Allocation flag for March supplement                       545
 I-WSYN       Allocation flag for March supplement                       544
 I-WTEMP      Allocation flag for March supplement                       620
 INDUSTRY     Industry of longest job                                    190
 INT-VAL      Interest income received                                   386
 INT-YN       Interest received                                          385
 LJCW         Class of worker                                            189
 LKNONE       Weeks worked                                               175
 LKSTRCH      Weeks looking for work in one stretch                      178
 LKWEEKS      Weeks looking for work                                     176
 LOSEWKS      Weeks lost from work                                       174
 MARSUPWT     March supplement final weight                               66
 MCAID        Medicaid coverage                                          470
 MCARE        Medicare coverage                                          469
 MIG-MTR1     Migration recode                                           218
 M1G-MTR3     Migration recode                                           220
 M1G-MTR4     Migration recode                                           221
 MIGSAME      Persons living in house last year                          214
 MIGSUN       Previous residence in sunbelt                              223
 NOEMP        People employed at job                                     226
 NWLKWK       Weeks looking for work on layoff                           168
 NWLOOK       Looking for work                                           167
 OCCUP        Occupation of longest job                                  193
 OED-TYP1     Educational assistance, government                         405
 OED-TYP2     Educational assistance, scholarships, grants etc.          406
 OED-TPP3     Educational assistance, other                              407
 OI-OFF       Income sources, other                                      432
 OI-VAL       Income, other                                              435
 OI-YN        Income received, other                                     434
 P-STAT       Status of person identifier                                 26
 PARENT       Parent(s) present                                           39
 PAW-MON      Social Security payments, months received                  303
 PAW-TYP      AFDC or some other type of assistance received             302
 PAW-VAL      Public assistance or welfare value received                305
 PAW-YN       Public assistance received                                 301
 PEARNVAL     Earnings, total value                                      448
 PENINCL      Pension plan participant                                   483
 PENPLAN      Pension plan provided by employer or union                 482
 PERLIS       Low-income level of persons recode                         468
 PF-SEQ       Sequence number pointer to family record                    46
 PH-SEQ       Household sequence number                                    2
 PHF-SEQ      Sequence number pointer to own family record in
              household                                                   44
 PHMEMPRS     Number of employers                                        180
 PLACDSCP     Place description of residence last year                   225
 POCCU2       Occupation of longest job                                  204
 POTHVAL      Income, other persons total value                          457
 PPPOS        Record type and sequence indicator                           7
 PPPOSOLD     Record type and sequence indicator                           1
 PRECORD      Person record                                              110
 PRNT-PTR     Sequence number of parent in household                      48
 PTOT-R       Person income, total                                       466
 PTOTVAL      Person income, total                                       440
 PTRSN        Worked less than 35 hours per week, reason                 187
 PTWEEKS      Weeks worked less than 35 hours                            185
 PTYN         Worked less than 35 hours                                  184
 PYRSN        Not looking for work reason                                179
 RET-SC1      Retirement income source, type 1                           367
 RET-SC2      Retirement income, other, type 2                           368
 RET-VALl     Retirement income, type 1                                  369
 RET-VAL2     Retirement income, type 2                                  374
 RET-YN       Pension or retirement income other than                    366
              Social Security or veterans' benefits
 RNT-VAL      Rent income                                                399
 RNT-YN       Rent income received                                       398
 RSNNOTW      Reason for not working                                     170
 RTM-VAL      Retirement income received, total                          379
 SCHL1        Years of school completed                                   42
 SE-VAL       Own business self-employment earnings, other work          250
 SEMP-VAL     Own business self-employment earnings, total value         256
 SEMP-YN      Own business self-employment                               255
 SEOTR        Own business self-employment, other work                   249
 SRVS-VAL     Survivor's income received, total                          337
 SS-VAL       Social Security payments received, value                   291
 SS-YN        Social Security payments received                          290
 SSI-VAL      Supplemental Security income                               297
 SSI-YN       Supplemental Security income received                      296
 STRKUC       Union unemployment or strike benefits received             277
 SUBUC        Supplemental unemployment benefits received                276
 SUR-SCl      Survivor's income, source 1                                323
 SUR-SC2      Survivor's income, source 2                                325
 SUR-VAL1     Survivor's income, source 1                                327
 SUR-VAL2     Survivor's income, source 2                                332
 SUR-YN       Survivor's benefits other than Social Security or
              veterans' benefits                                         322
 TCERNVAL     Earnings from employer or self-employment, value           637
 TCFFMVAL     Farm self employment income                                640
 TCSEVAL      Nonfarm self employment income                             639
 TCWSVAL      Wage and salary income                                     638
 UC-VAL       Unemployment compensation benefits value                   278
 UC-YN        Unemployment compensation benefits                         275
 VET-QVA      VA annual income questionnaire requirement                 316
 VET-TYP1     Veterans' payments, type 1                                 311
 VET-TYP2     Veterans' payments, type 2                                 312
 VET-TYP3     Veterans' payments, type 3                                 313
 VET-TYP4     Veterans' payments, type 4                                 314
 VET-TYP5     Veterans' payments, type 5                                 315
 VET-VAL      Veterans' payments income                                  317
 VET-YN       Veterans' payments received                                310
 WAGEOTR      Other wage and salary earnings                             236
 WC-TYPE      Worker's compensation payments, type                       284
 WC-VAL       Worker's compensation payments, value                      285
 WC-YN        Worker's compensation payments received                    283
 WECLW        Longest job class of worker                                203
 WEIND        Industry of longest job by detailed groups                 208
 WELKNW       Weeks nonworker looked for job                             199
 WEMIND       Industry of longest job by major industry group            210
 WEMOCG       Occupation of longest job by major groups                  206
 WEUEMP       Weeks looking for job                                      200
 WEWKRS       Weeks worked last year                                     198
 WEXP         Full/part-time worker                                      196
 WKCHECK      Interviewer check item                                     173
 WKSWORK      Weeks worked                                               171
 WORKYN       Work at job or business during year                        165
 WRK-CK       Interviewer check item                                     481
 WS-VAL       Wage and salary earnings, other, value                     237
 WSAL-VAL     Total wage and salary earnings value                       243
 WSAL-YN      Wage and salary earnings in ERN-YN or WAGEOTR              242
 WTEMP        Temporary, part-time, or seasonal work                     166
DATA DICTIONARY

Household Record


 CURRENT POPULATION SURVEY, MARCH 1991 DD
            September 24, 1991

 Household Record

 D HRECORD     1      1  (1:1)
 U All households
 V          1 .Household record

 D H-SEQ       5      2  (00001:99999)
      Household sequence number
 U All households
 V 00001-99999.Household sequence number

 D HHPOS       2      7  (00:00)
      Trailer portion of unique household
      ID. 00 for HH record.
      Same function in family record is
      field FFPOS (01-39).
      Same function in person record is
      PPPOS (41-79).

 D HUUNITS     1      9  (0:5)
     Item 78 - How many units in the structure
 V          0 .NC
 V          1 .1 Unit
 V          2 .2 Units
 V          3 .3 - 4 Units
 V          4 .5 - 9 Units
 V          5 .10+ Units

 D H-FAMINC    2     10  (0:13,19:19)
     Family Income
     Note:  If a nonfamily household, income
     includes only that of householder.
 U All households
 V          0 .Less than $5,000 or NIU
 V          1 .$5,000 to $7,499
 V          2 .$7,500 to $9,999
 V          3 .$10,000 to $12,499
 V          4 .$12,500 to $14,999
 V          5 .$15,000 to $19,999
 V          6 .$20,000 to $24,999
 V          7 .$25,000 to $29,999
 V          8 .$30,000 to $34,999
 V          9 .$35,000 to $39,999
 V         10 .$40,000 to $49,999
 V         11 .$50,000 to $59,999
 V         12 .$60,000 to $74,999
 V         13 .$75,000 and over
 V         19 .Value Assigned

 D H-RESPNM    1     12  (0:7)
      Item 12 - Line number of household
      respondent
 V          0 .Blank or impossible
 V        1-6 .Line number
 V          7 .Nonhousehold respondent

 D FILLER      2     13
      Filler

 D SCMST       5     15  (0:99999)
      Unique segment identifier
 U All households

 D H-HHTYPE    1     20  (1:3)
      Type of household
 U All households
 v          1 .Interview
 v          2 .Type A non-interview
 v          3 .Type B/C non-interview

 D H-NUMPER    2     21  (00:39)
      Number of persons in household
 U H-HHTYPE = 1
 V         00 .Noninterview household
 V       1-39 .Number of persons in HHLD

 D HNUMFAM     2     23  (00:39)
      Number of families in household
 U H-HHTYPE = 1
 V         00 .Noninterview household
 V       1-39 .Number of families in HHLD

 D H-TYPE      1     25  (0:9)
      Household type
 U H-HHTYPE = 1
 V          0 .Not in universe
 V          1 .Husband/wife primary family
              .(neither Husband or wife in
              .Armed Forces)
 V          2 .Husband/wife primary family
              .(husband and/or wife in
              .Armed Forces)
 V          3 .Unmarried civilian male
              .primary family householder
 V          4 .Unmarried civilian female
              .primary family householder
 V          5 .Primary family household -
              .reference person in
              .Armed Forces and unmarried
 V          6 .Civilian male nonfamily
              .householder
 V          7 .Civilian female nonfamily
              .householder
 V          8 .Nonfamily householder
              .household - reference person
              .in Armed Forces
 V          9 .Group quarters

 D H-MONTH     2     26  (01:12)
      Month of survey
 U All households
 V      01-12 .Month
 D H-YEAR      1     28  (0:9)
      Year of survey - last digit
 U All households
 V        0-9 .Last digit of year

 D H-MIS       1     29  (1:8)
      Month in sample
 U All households
 V        1-8 .Month in sample

 D H-HHNUM     1     30  (0:8)
      Household number
 U All households
 V          0 .Blank
 V        1-8 .Household number

 D H-LIVQRT    2     31  (01:12)
      Item 4 - Type of living quarters
      (recode)
 U All households
      Housing unit
 V         01 .House, apt., flat
 V         02 .HU in nontransient hotel, etc.
 V         03 .HU, perm, in trans. hotel,
              .motel etc.
 V         04 .HU in rooming house
 V         05 .Mobile home or trailer with
              .no permanent room added
 V         06 .Mobile home or trailer with 1
              .or more perm. rooms added
 V         07 .HU not specified above
      Other unit
 V         08 .Qtrs not HU in rooming or
              .boarding house
 V         09 .Unit not perm in trans. hotel,
              .motel, etc.
 V         10 .Tent or trailer site
 V         11 .Student quarters in college
              .dormitory
 V         12 .Other not HU

 D H-TYPEBC    2     33  (00:19)
      Item 15 - Type B/C
 U H-HHTYPE = 3
 V          0 .Not in universe - interviewed
              .and Type A noninterviewed
              .households
      Type B
 V         01 .Vacant - regular
 V         02 .Vacant - storage of HHLD
              .furniture
 V         03 .Temp. occ. by persons with URE
 V         04 .Unfit or to be demolished
 V         05 .Under construction, not ready
 V         06 .Converted to temp. business or
              .storage
 V         07 .Occ. by AF members or persons
              .under 15
 V         08 .Unocc. tent or trailer site
 V         09 .Permit granted, construction
              .not started
 V         10 .Other
      Type C
 V         11 .Demolished
 V         12 .House or trailer moved
 V         13 .Outside segment
 V         14 .Converted to perm. business or
              .storage
 V         15 .Merged
 V         16 .Condemned
 V         17 .Built after April 1, 1980
 V         18 .Unused line of listing sheet
 V         19 .Other

 D H-TENURE    1     35  (0:3)
      Tenure
 U H-HHTYPE = 1
 V          0 .Not in universe
 V          1 .Owned or being bought
 V          2 .Rent
 V          3 .No cash rent

 D H-TELHHD    1     36  (0:2)
      Telephone in household
 U H-HHTYPE = 1
 V          0 .Not in universe (non-interview)
 V          1 .Yes
 V          2 .No

 D H-TELAVL    1     37  (0:2)
      Telephone available
 U H-HHTYPE = 1
 V          0 .Not in universe
 V          1 .Yes
 V          2 .No

 D H-TELINT    1     38  (0:2)
      Telephone interview acceptable
 U H-TELAVL = 1
 V          0 .Not in universe
 V          1 .Yes
 V          2 .No

 D HG-REG      1     39  (1:4)
      Region
 U All households
 V          1 .Northeast
 V          2 .Midwest
 V          3 .South
 V          4 .West

 D HG-ST60     2     40  (11:95)
      1960 census state code
      (First digit=geog. division code)
 U All households
      Northeast region (region 1)
      New England Division (Division 1)
 V         11 .Maine
 V         12 .New Hampshire
 V         13 .Vermont
 V         14 .Massachusetts
 V         15 .Rhode Island
 V         16 .Connecticut
      Middle Atlantic Division (Division 2)
 V         21 .New York
 V         22 .New Jersey
 V         23 .Pennsylvania
      Midwest Region (Region 2)
      East North Central Division (Division 3)
 V         31 .Ohio
 V         32 .Indiana
 V         33 .Illinois
 V         34 .Michigan
 V         35 .Wisconsin
      West North Central Division (Division 4)
 V         41 .Minnesota
 V         42 .Iowa
 V         43 .Missouri
 V         44 .North Dakota
 V         45 .South Dakota
 V         46 .Nebraska
 V         47 .Kansas
      South Region (Region 3)
      South Atlantic Division (Division 5)
 V         51 .Delaware
 V         52 .Maryland
 V         53 .District of Columbia
 V         54 .Virginia
 V         55 .West Virginia
 V         56 .North Carolina
 V         57 .South Carolina
 V         58 .Georgia
 V         59 .Florida
      East South Central Division (Division 6)
 V         61 .Kentucky
 V         62 .Tennessee
 V         63 .Alabama
 V         64 .Mississippi
      West South Central Division (Division 7)
 V         71 .Arkansas
 V         72 .Louisiana
 V         73 .Oklahoma
 V         74 .Texas
      West Region (Region 4)
      Mountain Division (Division 8)
 V         81 .Montana
 V         82 .Idaho
 V         83 .Wyoming
 V         84 .Colorado
 V         85 .New Mexico
 V         86 .Arizona
 V         87 .Utah
 V         88 .Nevada
      Pacific Division (Division 9)
 V         91 .Washington
 V         92 .Oregon
 V         93 .California
 V         94 .Alaska
 V         95 .Hawaii

 D HG-STRN     2     42  (01:51)
      1980 State rank
 U Allhouseholds

 D HG-MSAC     4     44  (0000:9340)
      MSA or PMSA FIPS code
 V       0000 .Not MSA/PMSA or not
              .identifiable (see appendix
              .for values)
 V  0040-9340 .MSA/PMSA code

 D HG-PMSA     2     48  (00:12)
      PMSA rank
 V         00 .Not a PMSA or not
              .identifiable
 V      01-12 .Ranking of PMSA within its CMSA
              .(see appendix for values)


 D HG-MSAR     3     50  (000:252)
      MSA or CMSA rank
 V        000 .Not an MSA or not identifiable
 V    001-252 .Ranking of MSAs or CMSAs by
              .population (see appendix for
              .values)

 D HG-CMSA     2     53  (0:91)
 V         00 .Not in CMSA or not identifiable
 V      07-91 .CMSA code (see appendix for
              .values)

 D HMSSZ       1     55     (0:8)
      MSA size
 U Allhouseholds
 V          1 .Not a MSA/CMSA or not identifiable
 V          2 .100,000 - 249,999
 V          3 .250,000 - 499,999
 V          4 .500,000 - 999,999
 V          5 .1 million - 2,499,999
 V          6 .2.5 million - 4,999,999
 V          7 .5 million - 9,999,999
 V          8 .10 million or more

 D HPMSASZ     1     56  (1:6)
      MSA/PMSA size recode
 U All
 V          1 .3,000,000 or more
 V          2 .1,000,000 to 2,999,999
 V          3 .500,000 to 999,999
 V          4 .250,000 to 499,999
 V          5 .Less than 250,000
 V          6 .Not identified

 D HMSA-R      1     57  (1:3)
      Modified metropolitan statistical
      area status code MSA residence
 U All households
 V          1 .MSA
 V          2 .Non MSA
 V          3 .Not identifiable

 D HCCC-R      1     58  (1:4)
      Central city metropolitan statistical
      area status code residence
 U All households
 V          1 .Central City
 V          2 .Balance of MSA
 V          3 .Non MSA
 V          4 .Not identifiable

 D HFARM       1     59  (1:2)
      Farm def'n - edited using urban/rural code
 U All households
 V          1 .Nonfarm
 V          2 .Farm
3Edited noncash household items

 D HUNDER15    2     60  (00:39)
      Recode
 U ITEM 79 = 1
      Number of persons in household
      under age 15
 V         00 .None
 V      01-39 .Number persons under 15

 D HCMCARE     1     62  (0:2)
      Item 80 - During 19.. how many of the
      children in this household were covered
      by Medicare or Medicaid
 U HUNDER15 = 1+
 V          0 .Not in universe
 V          1 .All or some
 V          2 .None

 D HCMCENO     1     63  (0:9)
      Item 80 - Number of children in
      household covered by Medicare or Medicaid
      Note:  If more than 9 children/persons
      present, a value of 9 does not necessarily
      mean "ALL."
 U HCMCARE = 1
 V          0 .Not in universe
 V          1 .1 child
              ...
 V          9 .9 or more children

 D HCHI        1     64  (0:2)
      Item 81 - During 19.. how many of the
      children in this household were
      covered by other health insurance
 U HUNDER15 = 1+
 V          0 .Not in universe
 V          1 .All or some
 V          2 .None

 D HCHINO      1     65  (0:9)
      Item 81 - Number of children in house-
      hold covered by a health insurance plan
      Note:  If more than 9 children/persons
      present, a value of 9 does not necessarily
      mean "ALL."
 U HCHI = 1
 V          0 .Not in universe
 V          1 .1 Child
              ...
 V          9 .9 or more children

 D HCHINRH     1     66  (0:2)
      Item 81A - During 19.. how many of
      these children were covered by the
      health insurance plan of someone not
      residing in this household
 U HCHI = 1
 V          0 .Not in universe
 V          1 .All or some
 V          2 .None

 D HCHINNO     1     67  (0:9)
      Item 81A - During 19.. how many of these
      children were covered by the health
      insurance plan of someone not residing
      in this household
      Note:  If more than 9 children/persons
      present, a value of 9 does not necessarily
      mean "ALL."
 U HCHINRH = 1
 V          0 .Not in universe
 V          1 .1 child
              ...
 V          9 .9 or more children

 D HH5TO18     2     68  (00:39)
      Recode
      Item 82 -Number of persons in household
      age 5 to 18
 V         00 .None
 V      01-39 .Number persons 5 to 18

 D HHOTLUN     1     70  (0:2)
      Item 83 - During 19.. how many of the
      children in this household
      usually ate a complete hot lunch
      offered at school
 U HH5TO18 = 1+
 V          0 .Not in universe
 V          1 .All or some
 V          2 .None

 D HHOTNO      1     71  (0:9)
      Item 83 - Number of children in
      household who usually ate hot lunch
      Note:  If more than 9 children/persons
      present, a value of 9 does not necessarily
      mean "ALL."
 U HHOTLUN = 1
 V          0 .Not in universe
 V          1 .1 child
              ...
 V          9 .9 or more children

 D HFLUNCH     1     72  (0:2)
      Item 86 - During 19.. how many of the
      children in this household received free
      or reduced price lunches because they
      qualified for the federal school lunch
      program
 U HHOTLUN = 1
 V          0 .Not in universe
 V          1 .Some or all
 V          2 .None

 D HFLUNNO     1     73  (0:9)
      Item 86 - Number receiving free lunch
      Note:  If more than 9 children/persons
      present, a value of 9 does not necessarily
      mean "ALL."
 U HFLUNCH = 1
 V          0 .Not in universe
 V          1 .One
              ...
 V          9 .Nine or more

 D HPUBLIC     1     74  (0:2)
      Item 88 = Is this house in a public
      housing project, that is, is it owned
      by a local housing authority or other
      public agency
 U HTENURE = 2
 V          0 .Not in universe
 V          1 .Yes
 V          2 .No

 D HLORENT     1     75  (0:2)
      Item 89 - Are you paying lower rent
      because the federal, state, or local
      government is paying part of the cost
 U HPUBLIC = 2
 V          0 .Not in universe
 V          1 .Yes
 V          2 .No

 D HFOODSP     1     76  (0:2)
      Item 90 - Did anyone in this household
      get food stamps at any time in during
      19..
 U HHTYPE = 1
 V          0 .Not in universe
 V          1 .Yes
 V          2 .No

 D HFOODNO     1     77  (0:9)
      Item 91 - Number of people covered
      by food stamps
      Note:  If more than 9 children/persons
      present, a value of 9 does not necessarily
      mean "ALL."
 U HFOODSP = 1
 V          0 .Not in universe
 V          1 .One
              ...
 V          9 .Nine or more

 D FILLER      1     78
      Blank Filler

 D HFOODMO     2     79  (00:12)
      Item 92 - Number months covered
      by food stamps
 U HFOODSP = 1
 V         00 .Not in universe
 V         01 .One month
              ...
 V         12 .Months

 D HFDVAL      4     81  (0000:9999)
      Item 93 - What was the value of
      all food stamps received during 19..
 U HFOODSP = 1
 V       0000 .Not in universe
 V  0001-9999 .Food stamps value

 D HENGAST     1     85  (0:2)
      Item 94 - Since October 1, 19.., has
      this household received energy
      assistance from the Federal, State,
      or local government
 U HHINC = 01-12
 V          0 .Not in universe
 V          1 .Yes
 V          2 .No

 D HENGVAL     4     86  (0000:1999)
      Item 95 - Altogether, how much energy
      assistance has been received since
      October 1, 19..
 U HENGAST = 1
 V       0000 .Not in universe
 V  0001-1999 .Energy assistance

Household Income Recipency and Values
 Source of Income - Wages and Salaries

 D HINC-WS     1     90  (0:2)
      Recode - Wage and Salary
 U H-HHTYPE = 1
 V          0 .Not in universe
 V          1 .Yes
 V          2 .No

 D HWSVAL      7     91  (0000000:3899961)
      Recode - HHLD income - wages and
      salaries
 U HINC-WS = 1
 V    0000000 .None or not in universe
 V            .Dollar amount
 Source of Income - Self-employment (nonfarm)

 D HINC-SE     1     98  (0:2)
      Recode - Own business self-employment
 U H-HHTYPE = 1
 V          0 .Not in universe
 V          1 .Yes
 V          2 .No

 D HSEVAL      7     99  (-389961:3899961)
      Recode - HHLD income - self employment
      income
 U HINC-SE = 1
 V    0000000 .None or not in universe
 V    Neg Amt .Income (loss)
 V    Pos Amt .Income
 Source of Income - Self-employment farm

 D HINC-FR     1    106  (0:2)
      Recode - Farm self-employment
 U H-HHTYPE = 1
 V          0 .Not in universe
 V          1 .Yes
 V          2 .No

 D HFRVAL      7    107  (-389961:3899961)
      Recode - HHLD income - farm income
 U HINC-FR = 1
 V    0000000 .None or not in universe
 V    Neg Amt .Income (loss)
 V    Pos Amt .Income
 Source of Income - Unemployment Compensation

 D HINC-UC     1    114  (0:2)
      Recode - Unemployment Compensation Benefits
 U H-HHTYPE = 1
 V          0 .Not in universe
 V          1 .Yes
 V          2 .No

 D HUCVAL      7    115  (0000000:3899961)
      Recode - HHLD income - unemployment
      compensation
 U HINC-UC = 1
 V    0000000 .None or not in universe
 V            .Dollar amount
 Source of Income - Worker's Compensation

 D HINC-WC     1    122  (0:2)
      Recode - Workers Compensation
 U H-HHTYPE = 1
 V          0 .Not in universe
 V          1 .Yes
 V          2 .No

 D HWCVAL      7    123  (0000000:3899961)
      Recode - HHLD income - worker's
      compensation
 U HINC-WC = 1
 V    0000000 .None or not in universe
 V            .Dollar amount
 Source of Income - Social Security

 D HSS-YN      1    130  (0:2)
      Recode - Social Security payments
 U H-HHTYPE = 1
 V          0 .Not in universe
 V          1 .Yes
 V          2 .No

 D HSSVAL      7    131  (0000000:1169961)
      Recode - HHLD income - Social Security
 U HSS-YN = 1
 V    0000000 .None or not in universe
 V            .Dollar amount
 Source of Income - Supplemental Security

 D HSSI-YN     1    138  (0:2)
      Recode - Supplemental Security benefits
 U H-HHTYPE = 1
 V          0 .Not in universe
 V          1 .Yes
 V          2 .No

 D HSSIVAL     6    139  (000000:389961)
      Recode - HHLD income - Supplemental
      Security income
 U HSSI-YN = 1
 V          0 .None
 V            .Dollar amount
 Source of Income - Public Assistance  or Welfare

 D HPAW-YN     1    145  (0:2)
      Recode - Public Assistance
 U H-HHTYPE = 1
 V          0 .Not in universe
 V          1 .Yes
 V          2 .No

 D HPAWVAL     6    146  (000000:779961)
      Recode - HHLD income - Public Assistance
      income
 U HPAW-YN = 1
 V     000000 .None
 V            .Dollar amount
 Source of Income - Veterans' Benefits

 D HVET-YN     1    152  (0:2)
      Recode - Veterans' payments
 U H-HHTYPE = 1
 V          0 .Not in universe
 V          1 .Yes
 V          2 .No

 D HVETVAL     7    153  (0000000:1169961)
      Recode - HHLD income - Veteran payments
 U HVET-YN = 1
 V    0000000 .None or not in universe
 V            .Dollar amount
 Source of Income - Survivor's Income

 D HSUR-YN     1    160  (0:2)
      Recode - Survivor Benefits
 U H-HHTYPE = 1
 V          0 .Not in universe
 V          1 .Yes
 V          2 .No

 D HSURVAL     7    161  (0000000:3899961)
      Recode - HHLD income - Survivor income
 U HSUR-YN = 1
 V    0000000 .None or not in universe
 V            .Dollar amount
 Source of Income - Disability

 D HDIS-YN     1    168  (0:2)
      Recode - Disability Benefits
 U H-HHTYPE = 1
 V          0 .Not in universe
 V          1 .Yes
 V          2 .No

 D HDISVAL     7    169  (0000000:3899961)
      Recode - HHLD income - Disability income
 U HDIS-YN = 1
 V    0000000 .None or not in universe
 V            .Dollar amount
 Source of Income - Retirement Income

 D HRET-YN     1    176  (0:2)
      Recode - Retirement payments
 U H-HHTYPE = 1
 V          0 .Not in universe
 V          1 .Yes
 V          2 .No

 D HRETVAL     7    177  (0000000:3899961)
      Recode - HHLD income - Retirement income
 U HRET-YN = 1
 V    0000000 .None or not in universe
 V            .Dollar amount
 Source of Income - Interest

 D HINT-YN     1    184  (0:2)
      Recode - Interest payments
 U H-HHTYPE = 1
 V          0 .Not in universe
 V          1 .Yes
 V          2 .No

 D HINTVAL     7    185  (0000000:3899961)
      Recode - HHLD income - Interest income
 U HINT-YN = 1
 V    0000000 .None or not in universe
 V            .Dollar amount
 Source of Income - Dividends

 D HDIV-YN     1    192  (0:2)
      Recode - Dividend payments
 U H-HHTYPE = 1
 V          0 .Not in universe
 V          1 .Yes
 V          2 .No

 D HDIVVAL     7    193  (0000000:3899961)
      Recode - HHLD income - Dividend income
 U HDIV-YN = 1
 V    0000000 .None or not in universe
 V            .Dollar amount
 Source of Income - Rents

 D HRNT-YN     1    200  (0:2)
      Recode - Rental payments
 U H-HHTYPE = 1
 V          0 .Not in universe
 V          1 .Yes
 V          2 .No

 D HRNTVAL     7    201  (-389961:3899961)
      Recode - HHLD income - Rent income
 U HRNT-YN = 1
 V    0000000 .None or not in universe
 V            .Negative dollar amount
 V            .Positive dollar amount
 Source of Income - Education

 D HED-YN      1    208  (0:2)
      Recode - Educational Assistance benefits
 U H-HHTYPE = 1
 V          0 .Not in universe
 V          1 .Yes
 V          2 .No

 D HEDVAL      7    209  (0000000:3899961)
      Recode - HHLD income - Education income
 U HED-YN = 1
 V    000000 .None or not in universe
 V           .Dollar amount
 Source of Income - Child Support

 D HCSP-YN     1    216  (0:2)
      Recode - Child support payments
 U H-HHTYPE = 1
 V          0 .Not in universe
 V          1 .Yes
 V          2 .No

 D HCSPVAL     7    217  (0000000:3899961)
      Recode - HHLD income - Child support
 U HCSP-YN = 1
 V    0000000 .None or not in universe
 V            .Dollar amount
 Source of Income - Alimony

 D HALM-YN     1    224  (0:2)
     Recode - Alimony payments
 U H-HHTYPE = 1
 V          0 .Not in universe
 V          1 .Yes
 V          2 .No

 D HALMVAL     7    225  (0000000:3899961)
      Recode - HHLD income - Alimony
 U HALM-YN = 1
 V    0000000 .None or not in universe
 V            .Dollar amount
 Source of Income - Financial Assistance

 D HFIN-YN     1    232  (0:2)
      Recode - Financial assistance payments
 U H-HHTYPE = 1
 V          0 .Not in universe
 V          1 .Yes
 V          2 .No

 D HFINVAL     7    233  (0000000:3899961)
      Recode - HHLD income - Financial
      assistance income
 U HFIN-YN = 1
 V    0000000 .None or not in universe
 V            .Dollar amount
 Source of Income - Other Income

 D HOI-YN      1    240  (0:2)
      Other income payments
 U H-HHTYPE = 1
 V          0 .Not in universe
 V          1 .Yes
 V          2 .No

 D HOIVAL      7    241  (0000000:3899961)
      Recode - HHLD income - Other income
 U HOI-YN = 1
 V    0000000 .None or not in universe
 V            .Dollar amount
 Summary Household Income Recodes

 D HTOTVAL     8    248  (-389961:23399766)
      Recode - Total household income
 U H-HHTYPE = 1
 V   00000000 .None or not in universe
 V    Neg Amt .Income (loss)
 V    Pos Amt .Income

 D HEARNVAL    8    256  (-389961:11699883)
      Recode - Total household earnings
 U HINC-WS,HINC-SE or HINC-FR = 1
 V   00000000 .None or not in universe
 V    Neg Amt .Income (loss)
 V    Pos Amt .Income

 D HOTHVAL     8    264  (-389961:11699883)
      Other types of income except HEARNVAL
      Recode - total other household income
 V   00000000 .None or not in universe
 V    Neg Amt .Income (loss)
 V    Pos Amt .Income

 D HHINC       2    272  (00:41)
      Recode - Total household income
 U H-HHTYPE = 1
 V         00 .Not in universe
 V         01 .Under $2,500
 V         02 .$2,500 to $4,999
 V         03 .$5,000 to $7,499
 V         04 .$7,500 to $9,999
 V         05 .$10,000 to $12,499
 V         06 .$12,500 to $14,999
 V         07 .$15,000 to $17,499
 V         08 .$17,500 to $19,999
 V         09 .$20,000 to $22,499
 V         10 .$22,500 to $24,999
 V         11 .$25,000 to $27,499
 V         12 .$27,500 to $29,999
 V         13 .$30,000 to $32,499
 V         14 .$32,500 to $34,999
 V         15 .$35,000 to $37,499
 V         16 .$37,500 to $39,999
 V         17 .$40,000 to $42,499
 V         18 .$42,500 to $44,999
 V         19 .$45,000 to $47,499
 V         20 .$47,500 to $49,999
 V         21 .$50,000 to $52,499
 V         22 .$52,500 to $54,999
 V         23 .$55,000 to $57,499
 V         24 .$57,500 to $59,999
 V         25 .$60,000 to $62,499
 V         26 .$62,500 to $64,999
 V         27 .$65,000 to $67,499
 V         28 .$67,500 to $69,999
 V         29 .$70,000 to $72,499
 V         30 .$72,500 to $74,999
 V         31 .$75,000 to $77,499
 V         32 .$77,500 to $79,999
 V         33 .$80,000 to $82,499
 V         34 .$82,500 to $84,999
 V         35 .$85,000 to $87,499
 V         36 .$87,500 to $89,999
 V         37 .$90,000 to $92,499
 V         38 .$92,500 to $94,999
 V         39 .$95,000 to $97,499
 V         40 .$97,500 to $99,999
 V         41 .$100,000 and over

 Edited Health Insurance

 D HMCARE  1    274  (0:2)
      Anyone in HHLD covered by Medicare
 U H-HHTYPE = 1
 V          0 .Not in universe
 V          1 .Yes
 V          2 .No

 D HMCAID      1    275  (0:2)
      Anyone in HHLD covered by Medicaid
 U H-HHTYPE = 1
 V          0 .Not in universe
 V          1 .Yes
 V          2 .No

 D HCHAMP      1    276  (0:2)
      Champus, VA, or Military health care
 U H-HHTYPE = 1
 V          0 .Not in universe
 V          1 .Yes
 V          2 .No

 D HHI-YN      1    277  (0:2)
      Anyone in HHLD have health insurance
 U H-HHTYPE = 1
 V          0 .Not in universe
 V          1 .Yes
 V          2 .No
3Household Recodes

 D HHSTATUS    1    278  (0:3)
      Recode - Household status
 U H-TYPE = 1:8
 V          0 .Not in universe (group quarters)  .
 V          1 .Primary family
 V          2 .Nonfamily householder living alone
 V          3 .Nonfamily householder living with
              .nonrelatives

 D HUNDER18    2    279  (00:39)
      Recode - Number of persons in HHLD
      under age 18
 U H-HHTYPE = 1
 V         00 .None
 V      01-39 .Number persons under 18

 D HTOP5PCT    1    281  (0:2)
      Recode - Household income percentiles
 U H-HHTYPE = 1
 V          0 .Not in universe (group
              .quarters)  .
 V          1 .In top 5 percent
 V          2 .Not in top 5 percent

 D HPCTCUT     2    282  (00:20)
      Recode - HHLD income percentiles -
      national rank
 U H-HHTYPE = 1
 V         00 .Not in universe (group
              .quarters)  .
 V         01 .Lowest 5 percent
 V         02 .Second 5 percent
              . . .
 V         20 .Top 5 percent

 D FILLER      1    284
      Blank Filler

 D INDCCODE    1    285  (0:4)
 V          0 .Not individually identified
              .central city
 V        1-4 .See Geographic Appendix E
              .List 3 for MSA

 D HSUN        1    286  (1:2)
      Sunbelt recode
 U All households
 V          1 .In sunbelt
 V          2 .Not in sunbelt
 March Supplement Household Weight

 D HSUP-WGT    8    287  (00000000:99999999)
      (2 implied decimals)
 U H-HHTYPE = 1
 Allocation flags for basic CPS

 D H%TENURE    1    295  (0:4)
 V          0 .No change
 V          1 .Value to blank
 V          4 .Allocated

 D H%HHNUM     1    296  (0:8)
 V          0 .No change
 V          2 .Blank to value
 V          8 .Blank to NA - error

 D H%LIVQRT    1    297  (0:7)
 V          0 .No change
 V          4 .Allocated
 V          7 .Blank to NA - no error

 D FILLER      1    298
      Blank Filler

 D H%TELHHD    1    299  (0:4)
 V          0 .No change
 V          1 .Value to blank
 V          4 .Allocated

 D H%TELAVL    1    300  (0:4)
 V          0 .No change
 V          1 .Value to blank
 V          4 .Allocated

 D H%TELINT    1    301  (0:4)
 V          0 .No change
 V          1 .Value to blank
 V          4 .Allocated
 Allocation flags for supplement household items

 D I-HCMCAR    1    302  (0:1)
 V          0 .No change
 V          1 .Allocated

 D I-HCMCEN    1    303  (0:1)
 V          0 .No change
 V          1 .Allocated

 D I-HCHI      1    304  (0:1)
 V          0 .No change
 V          1 .Allocated

 D I-HCHINO    1    305  (0:1)
 V          0 .No change
 V          1 .Allocated

 D I-HCHINR    1    306  (0:1)
 V          0 .No change
 V          1 .Allocated

 D I-HCHINN    1    307  (0:1)
 V          0 .No change
 V          1 .Allocated

 D I-HHOTLU    1    308  (0:1)
 V          0 .No change
 V          1 .Allocated

 D I-HHOTNO    1    309  (0:1)
 V          0 .No change
 V          1 .Allocated

 D I-HFLUNC    1    310  (0:1)
 V          0 .No change
 V          1 .Allocated

 D I-HFLUNN    1    311  (0:1)
 V          0 .No change
 V          1 .Allocated

 D I-HPUBLI    1    312  (0:1)
 V          0 .No change
 V          1 .Allocated

 D I-HLOREN    1    313  (0:1)
 V          0 .No change
 V          1 .Allocated

 D I-HFOODS    1    314  (0:1)
 V          0 .No change
 V          1 .Allocated

 D I-HFDVAL    1    315  (0:1)
 V          0 .No change
 V          1 .Allocated

 D I-HFOODN    1    316  (0:1)
 V          0 .No change
 V          1 .Allocated

 D I-HFOODM    1    317  (0:1)
 V          0 .No change
 V          1 .Allocated

 D I-HENGAS    1    318  (0:1)
 V          0 .No change
 V          1 .Allocated

 D I-HENGVA    1    319  (0:1)
 V          0 .No change
 V          1 .Allocated

 D H-IDNUM    12    320
      Household identification number
 U All households

 D FILLER    325    332
      Blank Filler

Family Record


 CURRENT POPULATION SURVEY, MARCH 1991 DD
            September 24, 1991

 Family Record

 D FRECORD     1      1  (2:2)
 U All families
 V          2 .Family record

 D FH-SEQ      5      2  (00001:99999)
      Household sequence number
 U All families
 V 00001-99999.Household sequence number

 D FFPOS       2      7  (01:39)
      Unique family identifier
      Same function in household record is
      field HHPOS (00).
      Same function in person record is PPPOS
      (41-79).
 U All families
 V      01-39 .Index for
              .family identifier

 D FKIND       1      9  (1:3)
      Kind of family
 U All families
 V          1 .Husband-wife family
 V          2 .Other male head
 V          3 .Other female head

 D FTYPE       1     10  (1:5)
      Family type
 U All families
 V          1 .Primary family
 V          2 .Nonfamily householder
 V          3 .Related subfamily
 V          4 .Unrelated subfamily
 V          5 .Secondary individual

 D FPERSONS    2     11  (01:39)
      Number of persons in family
 U All families
 V      01-39 .Number of persons

 D FHEADIDX    2     13  (01:39)
      Index to person record of family head
 U All families
 V      01-39 .Index (roster position) for
              .reference person

 D FWIFEIDX    2     15  (00:39)
      Index to person record of family wife
 U F-KIND = 1
 V         00 .No wife
 V      01-39 .Index (roster position) for
              .wife

 D FHUSBIDX    2     17  (00:39)
      Index to person record of family
      husband
 U F-KIND = 1
 V         00 .No husband
 V      01-39 .Index (roster position) for
              .husband

 D FSPOUIDX    2     19  (00:39)
      Index to person record of family spouse
 U F-KIND = 1
 V         00 .No spouse
 V      01-39 .Index (roster position) for
              .spouse

 D FLASTIDX    2     21  (01:39)
      Index to person record of last
      member of family.  All persons from
      FHEADIDX thru FLASTIDX are
      members of this family.  (Primary
      family includes related subfamily
      members.)
 U All families
 V      01-39 .Index (roster position) for
              .last family member

 D FMLASIDX    2     23  (01:39)
      Index to person record of last
      member of family.  All persons from
      FHEADIDX thru FMLASIDX are
      members of this family.  (Primary
      family excludes subfamily members.)
 U All families
 V      01-39 .Index (roster position) for
              .last family member

 D FOWNU6      1     25  (0:6)
      Own children in family under 6
 V          0 .None, not in universe
 V          1 .1
 V          2 .2
              ...
 V          6 .6+

 D FILLER      1     26
      Zero filler

 D FOWNU18     1     27  (0:9)
      Number of own never married children
      under 18
 U All families
 V          0 .None, not in universe
 V          1 .1
              ...
 V          9 .9 or more

 D FRELU6      1     28  (0:6)
      Related persons in family under 6
 U All families
 V          0 .None, not in universe
 V          1 .1
 V          2 .2
              . . .
 V          6 .6+

 D FRELU18     1     29  (0:9)
      Related persons in family under 18
 U All families
 V          0 .None, not in universe
 V          1 .1
 V          2 .2
               . . .
 V          9 .9+

 D FPCTCUT     2     30  (01:20)
      Income percentiles
 U All families
 V         01 .Lowest 5 percent
 V         02 .Second 5 percent
              . . .
 V         20 .Top 5 percent

 D FPOVCUT     5     32  (00000:35000)
      Low income cutoff dollar amount
      If FTYPE = 3 then value comes from
      primary family

 D FAMLIS      1     37  (1:4)
      Ratio of family income to low-income
      level
      If FTYPE = 3 then value comes from
      primary family
 V          1 .Below low-income level
 V          2 .100 - 124 percent of the low-
              .income level
 V          3 .125 - 149 percent of the low-
              .income level
 V          4 .150 percent and above the
              .low-income level

 D POVLL       2     38  (01:14)
      Ratio of family income to low-income
      level
      If FTYPE = 3 then value comes from
      primary family
 V         01 .Under .50
 V         02 ..50 to .74
 V         03 ..75 to .99
 V         04 .1.00 to 1.24
 V         05 .1.25 to 1.49
 V         06 .1.50 to 1.74
 V         07 .1.75 to 1.99
 V         08 .2.00 to 2.49
 V         09 .2.50 to 2.99
 V         10 .3.00 to 3.49
 V         11 .3.50 to 3.99
 V         12 .4.00 to 4.49
 V         13 .4.50 to 4.99
 V         14 .5.00 and over

 D FRSPOV      2     40  (00:14)
      Ratio of related subfamily income to
      low-income level (care should be
      exercised when using this data as the
      related subfamilies are a part of the
      primary family and usually their
      poverty status comes from the
      primary family)
 U F-TYPE = 3
 V         00 .Not in universe
 V         01 .Under .50
 V         02 ..50 to .74
 V         03 ..75 to .99
 V         04 .1.00 to 1.24
 V         05 .1.25 to 1.49
 V         06 .1.50 to 1.74
 V         07 .1.75 to 1.99
 V         08 .2.00 to 2.49
 V         09 .2.50 to 2.99
 V         10 .3.00 to 3.49
 V         11 .3.50 to 3.99
 V         12 .4.00 to 4.49
 V         13 .4.50 to 4.99
 V         14 .5.00 and over

 D FRSPPCT     5     42  (00000:35000)
      Low income cutoff dollar amount of
      related subfamily (care should be
      exercised when using these data as the
      related subfamilies are a part of the
      primary family and usually their poverty
      status comes from the primary family)
 U F-TYPE = 3
 V     00000- .Not in related subfamilies
       35000  .

Family Income Recipency and Values

 Source of Income - Wages and Salaries

 D FINC-WS     1     47  (1:2)
      Wage and salary
 V          1 .Yes
 V          2 .No

 D FWSVAL      7     48  (0000000:3899961)
      Family income - wages and salaries
 U FINC-WS = 1
 V            .Dollar amount
 Source of Income - Self-employment (nonfarm)

 D FINC-SE     1     55  (1:2)
      Own business self-employment
 U All families
 V          1 .Yes
 V          2 .No

 D FSEVAL      7     56  (-389961:3899961)
      Family income - self employment income
 U FINC-SE = 1
 V    0000000 .None or not in universe
 V    Neg Amt .Income (loss)
 V    Pos Amt .Income
 Source of Income - Self-employment farm

 D FINC-FR     1     63  (1:2)
      Farm self-employment
 U All families
 V          1 .Yes
 V          2 .No

 D FFRVAL      7     64  (-389961:3899961)
      Family income - Farm income
 U FINC-FR = 1
 V    0000000 .None or not in universe
 V    Neg Amt .Income (loss)
 V    Pos Amt .Income
 Source of Income - Unemployment Compensation

 D FINC-UC     1     71  (1:2)
      Unemployment compensation
 U All families
 V          1 .Yes
 V          2 .No

 D FUCVAL      7     72  (0000000:3899961)
      Family income - Unemployment
      compensation
 U FINC-UC = 1
 V    0000000 .None or not in universe
 V            .Dollar amount
 Source of Income - Worker's Compensation

 D FINC-WC     1     79  (1:2)
      Worker's compensation
 U All families
 V          1 .Yes
 V          2 .No

 D FWCVAL      7     80  (0000000:3899961)
      Family income - Worker's compensation
 U FINC-WC = 1
 V    0000000 .None or not in universe
 V            .Dollar amount
 Source of Income - Social Security

 D FINC-SS     1     87  (1:2)
      Social Security Benefits
 U All families
 V          1 .Yes
 V          2 .No

 D FSSVAL      7     88  (0000000:1169961)
      Family income - Social Security
 U FINC-SS = 1
 V    0000000 .None or not in universe
 V            .Dollar amount
 Source of Income - Supplemental Security

 D FINC-SSI    1     95  (1:2)
      Supplemental Security Benefits
 U All families
 V          1 .Yes
 V          2 .No

 D FSSIVAL     6     96  (000000:389961)
      Family income - Supplemental Security
      Income
 U FINC-SSI = 1
 V          0 .None
 V            .Dollar amount
 Source of Income - Public Assistance or Welfare

 D FINC-PAW    1    102  (1:2)
      Public assistance or welfare benefits
 U All families
 V          1 .Yes
 V          2 .No

 D FPAWVAL     6    103  (000000:779961)
      Family income - public assistance income
 U FINC-PAW = 1
 V      00000 .None
 V            .Dollar amount
 Source of Income - Veterans' Benefits
 
 D FINC-VET    1    109  (1:2)
      Veterans' Benefits
 U All families
 V          1 .Yes
 V          2 .No

 D FVETVAL     7    110  (0000000:1169961)
      Family income - veteran payments
 U FINC-VET = 1
 V    0000000 .None or not in universe
 V            .Dollar amount
 Source of Income - Survivor's income

 D FINC-SUR    1    117  (1:2)
      Survivor's payments
 U All families
 V          1 .Yes
 V          2 .No

 D FSURVAL     7    118  (0000000:3899961)
      Family income - Survivor income
 U FINC-SUR = 1
 V    0000000 .None or not in universe
 V            .Dollar amount
 Source of Income - Disability

 D FINC-DIS    1    125  (1:2)
      Disability payments
 U All families
 V          1 .Yes
 V          2 .No

 D FDISVAL     7    126  (0000000:3899961)
      Family income - Disability income
 U FINC-DIS = 1
 V    0000000 .None or not in universe
 V            .Dollar amount
 Source of Income - Retirement Income

 D FINC-RET    1    133  (1:2)
      Retirement payments
 U All families
 V          1 .Yes
 V          2 .No

 D FRETVAL     7    134  (0000000:3899961)
      Family income - Retirement income
 U FINC-RET = 1
 V    0000000 .None or not in universe
 V            .Dollar amount
 Source of Income - Interest

 D FINC-INT    1    141  (1:2)
      Interest payments
 U All families
 V          1 .Yes
 V          2 .No

 D FINTVAL     7    142  (0000000:3899961)
      Family income - Interest income
 U FINC-INT = 1
 V    0000000 .None or not in universe
 V            .Dollar amount
 Source of Income - Dividends

 D FINC-DIV    1    149  (1:2)
      Dividend payments
 U All families
 V          1 .Yes
 V          2 .No

 D FDIVVAL     7    150  (0000000:3899961)
      Family income - Dividend income
 U FINC-DIV = 1
 V    0000000 .None or not in universe
 V            .Dollar amount
 Source of Income - Rents

 D FINC-RNT    1    157  (1:2)
      Rental payments
 U All families
 V          1 .Yes
 V          2 .No

 D FRNTVAL     7    158  (-389961:3899961)
      Family income - Rental income
 U FINC-RNT = 1
 V    0000000 .None or not in universe
 V            .Negative dollar amount
 V            .Positive dollar amount
 Source of Income - Education

 D FINC-ED     1    165  (1:2)
      Education benefits
 U All families
 V          1 .Yes
 V          2 .No

 D FEDVAL      7    166  (0000000:3899961)
      Family income - Education income
 U FINC-ED = 1
 V    0000000 .None or not in universe
 V            .Dollar amount
 Source of Income - Child support

 D FINC-CSP    1    173  (1:2)
      Child support payments
 U All families
 V          1 .Yes
 V          2 .No

 D FCSPVAL     7    174  (0000000:3899961)
      Family income - Child support
 U FINC-CSP = 1
 V    0000000 .None or not in universe
 V            .Dollar amount
 Source of Income - Alimony

 D FINC-ALM    1    181  (1:2)
      Alimony payments
 U All families
 V          1 .Yes
 V          2 .No

 D FALMVAL     7    182  (0000000:3899961)
      Family income - Alimony
 U FINC-ALM = 1
 V    0000000 .None or not in universe
 V            .Dollar amount
 Source of Income - Financial Assistance

 D FINC-FIN    1    189  (1:2)
      Financial assistance payments
 U All families
 V          1 .Yes
 V          2 .No

 D FFINVAL     7    190  (0000000:3899961)
      Family income - Financial assistance
      income
 U FINC-FIN = 1
 V    0000000 .None or not in universe
 V            .Dollar amount
 Source of Income - Other income

 D FINC-OI     1    197  (1:2)
      Other income payments
 U All families
 V          1 .Yes
 V          2 .No

 D FOIVAL      7    198  (0000000:3899961)
      Family income - Other income
 U FINC=OI = 1
 V    0000000 .None or not in universe
 V            .Dollar amount
 Family Summary Income Values and Recodes

 D FTOTVAL     8    205  (-389961:23399766)
      Total family income
 U All families
 V   00000000 .None
 V    Neg Amt .Income (loss)
 V    Pos Amt .Income

 D FEARNVAL    8    213  (-389961:11699883)
      Total family earnings
 U FINC-WS, FINC-SE OR FINC-FR = 1
 V   00000000 .None
 V    Neg Amt .Income (loss)
 V    Pos Amt .Income

 D FOTHVAL     8    221  (-389961:11699883)
      Total other family income
 U All other types of income except HEARNVAL
 V   00000000 .None
 V    Neg Amt .Income (loss)
 V    Pos Amt .Income
 D FTOT-R      2    229  (01:41)
      Total family income recode
 U All families
 V         01 .Under $2,500
 V         02 .$2,500 to $4,999
 V         03 .$5,000 to $7,499
 V         04 .$7,500 to $9,999
 V         05 .$10,000 to $12,499
 V         06 .$12,500 to $14,999
 V         07 .$15,000 to $17,499
 V         08 .$17,500 to $19,999
 V         09 .$20,000 to $22,499
 V         10 .$22,500 to $24,999
 V         11 .$25,000 to $27,499
 V         12 .$27,500 to $29,999
 V         13 .$30,000 to $32,499
 V         14 .$32,500 to $34,999
 V         15 .$35,000 to $37,499
 V         16 .$37,500 to $39,999
 V         17 .$40,000 to $42,499
 V         18 .$42,500 to $44,999
 V         19 .$45,000 to $47,499
 V         20 .$47,500 to $49,999
 V         21 .$50,000 to $52,499
 V         22 .$52,500 to $54,999
 V         23 .$55,000 to $57,499
 V         24 .$57,500 to $59,999
 V         25 .$60,000 to $62,499
 V         26 .$62,500 to $64,999
 V         27 .$65,000 to $67,499
 V         28 .$67,500 to $69,999
 V         29 .$70,000 to $72,499
 V         30 .$72,500 to $74,999
 V         31 .$75,000 to $77,499
 V         32 .$77,500 to $79,999
 V         33 .$80,000 to $82,499
 V         34 .$82,500 to $84,999
 V         35 .$85,000 to $87,499
 V         36 .$87,500 to $89,999
 V         37 .$90,000 to $92,499
 V         38 .$92,500 to $94,999
 V         39 .$95,000 to $97,499
 V         40 .$97,500 to $99,999
 V         41 .$100,000 and over

 D FSPANISH    1    231  (1:2)
      Reference person or spouse of Spanish
      origin
 U All families
 V          1 .Yes
 V          2 .No

 D FILLER      1    232
      Blank Filler

March Supplement Family Weight

 D FSUP-WGT    8    233  (00000000:99999999)
      Householder or reference person weight
      (2 implied decimal)
 U All families
 V    000000- .(2 implied decimal places)
       999999 .

 D FFPOSOLD    2    241
      Trailer portion of unique household ID.
      00 for HH record.  Same function in
      Family record is field FFPOSOLD
      (41-79).  Same function in Person
      record is PPPOSOLD (01-39)
 U All families

 D FILLER    414    243
     Blank Filler

Person Record


 CURRENT POPULATION SURVEY, MARCH 1991 DD
            September 24, 1991

 Person Record

 D PRECORD     1      1  (3:3)
 U All persons
 V          3 .Person record

 D PH-SEQ      5      2  (00001:99999)
      Household sequence number
 U All persons
 V 00001-99999.Household sequence number

 D PPPOS       2      7  (41:79)
      Trailer portion of unique household ID.
      00 Household record.  Same function in
      Family record is field FFPOS (01-39).
      Same function in Person record is PPPOS
      (41-79)
 Edited adult control card items

 D A-LINENO    2      9  (01:39)
      Item 18A - Line number
 U All persons
 V      01-39 .Line number

 D A-PARENT    2     11  (00:39)
      Item 18C - Parent's line number
 U All persons
 V         00 .None
 V      01-39 .Parent's line number

 D A-EXPRRP    2     13  (01:14)
      Expanded relationship code
 U All persons
 V         01 .Reference person with relatives
 V         02 .Reference person without
              .relatives
 V         03 .Husband
 V         04 .Wife
 V         05 .Natural/adopted child
 V         06 .Step child
 V         07 .Grandchild
 V         08 .Parent
 V         09 .Brother/sister
 V         10 .Other relative
 V         11 .Foster child
 V         12 .Nonrelative with relatives
 V         13 .Partner/roommate
 V         14 .Nonrelative without relatives

 D A-AGE       2     15  (00:90)
      Item 18D - Age
 U All persons
 V      00-90 .Years of age and over

 D A-MARITL    1     17  (1:7)
      Item 18E - Marital status
 U All persons
 V          1 .Married - civilian spouse
              .present
 V          2 .Married - af spouse present
 V          3 .Married - spouse absent (exc
              .separated)
 V          4 .Widowed
 V          5 .Divorced
 V          6 .Separated
 V          7 .Never married

 D A-SPOUSE    2     18  (00:39)
      Item 18F - Spouse's line number
 U All persons
          00 .None or children
 V      01-39 .Spouse's line number

 D A-SEX       1     20  (1:2)
      Item 18G - Sex
 U All persons
 V          1 .Male
 V          2 .Female

 D A-VET       1     21  (0:6)
      Veteran Status
 V          0 .Children or Armed Forces
 U All persons
 V          1 .Vietnam
 V          2 .Korean war
 V          3 .World war II
 V          4 .World war I
 V          5 .Other service
 V          6 .Nonveteran

 D A-HGA       2     22  (00:18)
      Item 18H - Highest grade attended
 U All persons
 V         00 .None , kindergarten or children
 V         01 .E1
 V         02 .E2
 V         03 .E3
 V         04 .E4
 V         05 .E5
 V         06 .E6
 V         07 .E7
 V         08 .E8
 V         09 .H1
 V         10 .H2
 V         11 .H3
 V         12 .H4
 V         13 .C1
 V         14 .C2
 V         15 .C3
 V         16 .C4
 V         17 .C5
 V         18 .C6+

 D A-HGC       1     24  (0:2)
      Item 18I - Grade completed
 U All persons
 V          0 .Children
 V          1 .Yes
 V          2 .No

 D A-RACE      1     25  (1:5)
      Item 18J - Race
 U All persons
 V          1 .White
 V          2 .Black
 V          3 .Amer Indian, Aleut Eskimo
 V          4 .Asian or Pacific Islander
 V          5 .Other
 Person Recodes

 D P-STAT      1     26  (1:3)
      Status of person identifier
 U All persons
 V          1 .Civilian 15+
 V          2 .Armed forces
 V          3 .Children 0 - 14

 D A-REORGN    2     27  (01:10)
      Item 18K - Origin
 U All persons
 V         01 .Mexican American
 V         02 .Chicano
 V         03 .Mexican (Mexicano)
 V         04 .Puerto Rican
 V         05 .Cuban
 V         06 .Central or South American
 V         07 .Other Spanish
 V         08 .All other
 V         09 .Don't know
 V         10 .NA

 D A-FAMNUM    2     29  (00:19)
      Family number
 U All persons
 V         00 .Not a family member
 V         01 .Primary family member only
 V      02-19 .Subfamily member

 D A-FAMTYP    1     31  (1:5)
      Family type
 U All persons
 V          1 .Primary family
 V          2 .Nonfamily householder
 V          3 .Related subfamily
 V          4 .Unrelated subfamily
 V          5 .Secondary individual

 D A-FAMREL    1     32  (0:4)
      Family relationship
 U All persons
 V          0 .Not a family member
 V          1 .Reference person
 V          2 .Spouse
 V          3 .Child
 V          4 .Other relative (primary family
              .and unrelated subfamily only)

 D A-PFREL     1     33  (0:5)
      Primary family relationship
 U All persons
 V          0 .Not in primary family
 V          1 .Husband
 V          2 .Wife
 V          3 .Own child
 V          4 .Other relative
 V          5 .Unmarried reference person

 D HHDREL      1     34  (1:8)
      Detailed household summary
      in household
 U All persons
 V          1 .Householder
 V          2 .Spouse of householder
      Child of householder:
 V          3 .Under 18 years, single
              .(never married)
 V          4 .Under 18 years, ever married
 V          5 .18 years and over
      Other householder
 V          6 .Other relative of householder
 V          7 .Nonrelative of householder
      In group quarters:
 V          8 .Secondary individual

 D FAMREL      2     35  (01:11)
      Family relationship - primary and
      unrelated subfamily only
 U All persons
 V         01 .Reference person of family
 V         02 .Spouse of reference person
      Child of reference person
 V         03 .Under 18 years, single
              .(never married)
 V         04 .Under 18 years, ever married
 V         05 .18 years and over
      Grandchild of reference person
 V         06 .Grandchild of reference person
      Other relative in family of reference
      person
 V         07 .Under 18 years, single
              .(never married)
 V         08 .Under 18 years, ever married
 V         09 .18 years and over
      Not in a family - Unrelated individual
 V         10 .Nonfamily householder
 V         11 .Secondary individual

 D HHDFMX      2     37  (01:51)
      Detailed household and family status
      in household
      In primary family
 U All persons
 V         01 .Householder
 V         02 .Spouse of householder
      Child of householder
      Under 18, single (never married)
 V         03 .Reference person of subfamily
 V         04 .Not in a subfamily
      Under 18, ever-married
 V         05 .Reference person of subfamily
 V         06 .Spouse of subfamily reference
              .person
 V         07 .Not in a subfamily
      18 years and over, single (never
      married)
 V         08 .Reference person of a subfamily
 V         09 .Not in a subfamily
      18 years and over, ever-married
 V         10 .Reference person of subfamily
 V         11 .Spouse of subfamily reference
              .person
 V         12 .Not in a subfamily
      Stepchild of householder
      Under 18, single (never married)
 V         13 .Reference person of subfamily
 V         14 .Not in a subfamily
      Under 18, ever-married
 V         15 .Reference person of subfamily
 V         16 .Spouse of subfamily reference
              .person
 V         17 .Not in a subfamily
      18 years and over, single (never
      married)
 V         18 .Reference person of
              .a subfamily
 V         19 .Not in a subfamily
      18 years and over, ever-married
 V         20 .Reference person of subfamily
 V         21 .Spouse of subfamily reference
              .person
 V         22 .Not in a subfamily
      Grandchild of householder
      Under 18, single (never married)
 V         23 .Reference person of subfamily
 V         24 .Child of a subfamily reference
              .person
 V         25 .Not in a subfamily
      Under 18, ever-married
 V         26 .Reference person of subfamily
 V         27 .Spouse of subfamily reference
              .person
 V         28 .Not used
 V         29 .Not in a subfamily
      18 years and over, single (never
      married)
 V         30 .Reference person of a subfamily
 V         31 .Not in a subfamily
      18 years and over, ever-married
 V         32 .Reference person of subfamily
 V         33 .Spouse of subfamily reference
              .person
 V         34 .Not in a subfamily
      Other relative of householder
      Under 18, single (never married)
 V         35 .Reference person of subfamily
 V         36 .Child of subfamily reference
              .person
 V         37 .Not in a subfamily
      Under 18, ever married
 V         38 .Reference person of subfamily
 V         39 .Spouse of subfamily reference
              .person
 V         40 .Not in a subfamily
      18 years and over, single (never
      married)
 V         41 .Reference person of a subfamily
 V         42 .Not in a subfamily
      18 years and over, ever-married
 V         43 .Reference person of subfamily
 V         44 .Spouse of subfamily reference
              .person
 V         45 .Not in a subfamily
      In unrelated subfamily
 V         46 .Reference person of unrelated
              .subfamily
 V         47 .Spouse of unrelated subfamily
              .reference person
      Child less than or equal to 18, single (never-married) of
      unrelated subfamily
 V         48 .Reference person
 V         49 .Nonfamily householder
 V         50 .Secondary individual
 V         51 .In group quarters: secondary
              .individuals

 D PARENT      1     39  (0:4)
      Family members under 18 (excludes
      reference person and spouse if under 18)
 V          0 .Not in universe
 V            .presence of parents
 V          1 .Both parents present
 V          2 .Mother only present
 V          3 .Father only present
 V          4 .Neither parent present

 D AGE1        2     40  (00:17)
      Age recode - Persons 15+ years
 V         00 .Not in universe
 V         01 .15 years
 V         02 .16 and 17 years
 V         03 .18 and 19 years
 V         04 .20 and 21 years
 V         05 .22 to 24 years
 V         06 .25 to 29 years
 V         07 .30 to 34 years
 V         08 .35 to 39 years
 V         09 .40 to 44 years
 V         10 .45 to 49 years
 V         11 .50 to 54 years
 V         12 .55 to 59 years
 V         13 .60 to 61 years
 V         14 .62 to 64 years
 V         15 .65 to 69 years
 V         16 .70 to 74 years
 V         17 .75 years and over

 D SCHL1       2     42  (00:10)
      Years of school completed
 V         00 .Not in universe
 V         01 .None - did not finish E1
 V         02 .Elementary  1-4
 V         03 .5-7
 V         04 .8
 V         05 .High school 1-3
 V         06 .4
 V         07 .College     1-3
 V         08 .4
 V         09 .5
 V         10 .6+

 D PHF-SEQ     2     44  (01:39)
      Pointer to the sequence number of own
      family record in household.
      (Related subfamily members point to
      related subfamily record.)
 U All persons

 D PF-SEQ      2     46  (01:39)
      Pointer to the sequence number of
      family record in household.
      (Related subfamilies point to
      primary family.)
 U All persons

 D PRNT-PTR    2     48  (01:39)
      Sequence number of parent in HHLD
 Basic CPS Weighs

 D A-FNLWGT    8     50  (00000000:99999999)
      Final weight (2 implied decimal places)
 U All persons
 V   00000000 .Supplemental spanish sample
 V 00000001 - .March basic sample
 V   99999999 .

 D A-ERNLWT    8     58  (00000000:99999999)
      Earnings/not in labor force weight
 U H-MIS = 4 or 8
 V   00000000 .Not in universe or children
              .and Armed Forces
 V 000000001- .(2 implied decimal places)
 V   99999999 .
 March Supplement Person Weights

 D MARSUPWT    8     66  (00000000:99999999)
      March supplement final weight (2 implied
      decimal places)
 U All persons
 V    000000- .(2 implied
       999999 .decimal places)
 Edited Labor Force Items

 D A-MAJACT    1     74  (0:8)
      Item 19 - What was ... doing most of
      last week
 U All persons
 V          0 .Children or Armed Forces
 V          1 .Working
 V          2 .With job but not at work
 V          3 .Looking for work
 V          4 .Keeping house
 V          5 .Going to school
 V          6 .Unable to work
 V          7 .Retired
 V          8 .Other

 D A-ANYWK     1     75  (0:2)
      Item 20 - Did ... do any work at all
      last week, not counting work around
      the house
 U A-MAJACT (I-19) = 2,3,4,5,7,8 (NE 1,6)
 V          0 .Not in universe or children
              .or Armed Forces
 V          1 .Yes
 V          2 .No

 D A-HRS1      2     76  (00:99)
      Item 20A - How many hrs did ... work
      last week at all jobs
 U A-MAJACT (I-19) = 1
   or  A-ANYWK (I-20) = yes
 V         00 .Not in universe or children
              .or Armed Forces
 V      01:99 .Number of hrs

 D A-HRSCHK    1     78  (0:3)
      Item 20B - Interviewer check of itm 20A
 U Same as A-HRS1 (I-20A)
 V          0 .Not in universe or children
              .or Armed Forces
 V          1 .49+
 V          2 .1-34
 V          3 .35-48

 D A-USLFT     1     79  (0:2)
      Item 20C - Does ... usually work 35 hrs
      or more a week at this job  (part 1)
 U A-HRSCHK (I-20B) = 2
 V          0 .Not in universe or children
              .or Armed Forces
 V          1 .Yes
 V          2 .No

 D A-FTREAS    2     80  (00:15)
      Item 20C - What is the reason ...
      (worked/usually works) less than
      35 hours (last week/a week)
 U H-HRSCHK (I-20B) = 2
 V         00 .Not in universe or children
              .or Armed Forces
 V         01 .Slack work
 V         02 .Material shortage
 V         03 .Plant or machine repair
 V         04 .New job started during week
 V         05 .Job terminated during week
 V         06 .Could find only part time
              .work
 V         07 .Holiday
 V         08 .Labor dispute
 V         09 .Bad weather
 V         10 .Own illness
 V         11 .On vacation
 V         12 .Too busy with house, school,
              .etc.
 V         13 .Did not want full time work
 V         14 .Full-time work weeks less
              .than or equal to 35 hrs
 V         15 .Other

 D A-LOSTIM    1     82  (0:2)
      Item 20D - Did ... lose any time or take
      any time off last week for any reason
      such as illness, holiday or slack work
 U A-HRSCHK (I-20B) = 3
 V          0 .Not in universe or children
              .or Armed Forces
 V          1 .Yes
 V          2 .No

 D A-OVRTIM    1     83  (0:2)
      Item 20E - Did ... work any overtime
      or at more than one job last week
 U A-LOSTIM (I-20D) = 2
 V          0 .Not in universe or children
              .and Armed Forces
 V          1 .Yes
 V          2 .No

 D A-JOBABS    1     84  (0:2)
      Item 21 - Did ... have a job or
      business from which he/she was
      temporarily absent or on layoff last
      week
 U A-ANYWK (I-20) = 2
 V          0 .Not in universe or children
              .or Armed Forces
 V          1 .Yes
 V          2 .No

 D A-WHYABS    1     85  (0:8)
      Item 21A - Why was ... absent from work
      last week
 U A-JOBABS (I-21) = 1
 V          0 .Not in universe or children
              .or Armed Forces
 V          1 .Own illness
 V          2 .On vacation
 V          3 .Bad weather
 V          4 .Labor dispute
 V          5 .New job to begin within 30 days
 V          6 .Temporary layoff (under 30
              .days)
 V          7 .Indefinite layoff (30 days
              .or more)
 V          8 .Other

 D A-PAYABS    1     86  (0:3)
      Item 21B - Is ... receiving wages or
      salary for any of the time off last
      week
 U A-WHYABS (I-21A) = 1-4, 8
 V          0 .Not in universe or children
              .or Armed Forces
 V          1 .Yes
 V          2 .No
 V          3 .Self-employed

 D A-FTABS     1     87  (0:2)
      Item 21C - Does ... usually work
      35 hours or more a week at this job
 U A-WHYABS (I-21A) = 1-4, 8
 V          0 .Not in universe or children
              .or Armed Forces
 V          1 .Yes
 V          2 .No

 D A-LKWK      1     88  (0:2)
      Item 22 - Has ... been looking for
      work during the past 4 weeks
 U A-JOBABS (I-21) = 2
 V          0 .Not in universe or children
              .or Armed Forces
 V          1 .Yes
 V          2 .No

   Item 22A - What has ... been doing in
   the last 4 weeks to find work
   Method use - multiple entries possible

 D A-MTHD1     1     89  (0:1)
      Checked with public employment agency
 U A-LKWK (I-22) = 1
 V          0 .Not in universe or children
              .or Armed Forces or no entry
 V          1 .Entry

 D A-MTHD2     1     90  (0:1)
      Checked with private employment agency
 U A-LKWK (I-22) = 1
 V          0 .Not in universe or children
              .or Armed Forces or no entry
 V          1 .Entry

 D A-MTHD3     1     91  (0:1)
      Checked with employer directly
 U A-LKWK (I-22) = 1
 V          0 .Not in universe or children
              .or Armed Forces or no entry
 V          1 .Entry

 D A-MTHD4     1     92  (0:1)
      Checked with friends or relatives
 U A-LKWK (I-22) = 1
 V          0 .Not in universe or children
              .or Armed Forces or no entry
 V          1 .Entry

 D A-MTHD5     1     93  (0:1)
      Placed or answered ads
 U A-LKWK (I-22) = 1
 V          0 .Not in universe or children
              .or Armed Forces or no entry
 V          1 .Entry

 D A-MTHD6     1     94  (0:1)
      Nothing
 U A-LKWK (I-22) = 1
 V          0 .Not in universe or children
              .or Armed Forces or no entry
 V          1 .Entry

 D A-MTHD7     1     95  (0:1)
      Other
 U A-LKWK (I-22) = 1
 V          0 .Not in universe or children
              .and Armed Forces
 V          1 .Entry

 D A-WHYLK     1     96  (0:7)
      Item 22B - Why did ... start looking
      for work was it because ...
 U A-LKWK (I-22) = 1
   or A-WHYABS (I-21A) = 5
 V          0 .Not in universe or children
              .or Armed Forces
 V          1 .Lost job
 V          2 .Quit job
 V          3 .Left school
 V          4 .Wanted temporary work
 V          5 .Change in home or family
              .responsibilities
 V          6 .Left military service
 V          7 .Other

 D A-WKSLK     2     97  (00:99)
      Item 22C -
      1) How many weeks  has ... been
      looking for work
      2) How many weeks ago did ...start
      looking
      3) How many weeks ago was ...laid off
 U A-WHYLK (I-22B) = entry or
   A-WHYABS (I-21A) = 6 or 7
 V         00 .Not in universe or children
              .or Armed Forces
 V      01-99 .Entry

 D A-LKFTPT    1     99  (0:2)
      Item 22D - Has ... been looking for
      full-time or or part-time work
 U Same as A-WKSLK (I-22C)
 V          0 .Not in universe or children
              .or Armed Forces
 V          1 .Full-time
 V          2 .Part-time

 D A-AVAIL     1    100  (0:2)
      Item 22E1 - Could ... have taken a
      job if one had been offered
 U Same as A-WKSLK (I-22C)
 V          0 .Not in universe or children
              .or Armed Forces
 V          1 .Yes
 V          2 .No

 D A-WHYNA     1    101  (0:4)
      Item 22E2- Why not
 U A-AVAIL (I-22E1) = 2
 V          0 .Not in universe or children
              .or Armed Forces
 V          1 .Already has a job
 V          2 .Temporary illness
 V          3 .Going to school
 V          4 .Other

 D A-WHENLJ    1    102  (0:5)
      Item 22F - When did ... last work
      at a full-time job or business lasting
      2 consecutive weeks or more
 U Same as A-WKSLK (I-22C)
 V          0 .Not in universe or children
              .or Armed Forces
 V          1 .In last 12 months
 V          2 .1-5 years ago
 V          3 .More than 5 years ago
 V          4 .Never worked full time
              .2 weeks or more
 V          5 .Never worked at all

   See Industry and Occupation Code
   Appendix for list of legal codes

 D A-IND       3    103  (000:991)
      Item 23B - Industry
 U A-CLSWKR = 1-7
 V        000 .Old not in universe or children
              .and Armed Forces
 V    010-991 .See Industry Code Appendix A1
 V            .for list of legal codes.


 D A-OCC       3    106  (000:905)
      Item 23C - Occupation
 U A-CLSWKR = 1-7
 V        000 .Old not in universe or children
              .and Armed Forces
 V    003-905 .See Occupation Code
 V            .Appendix B1 for list of
 V            .legal codes.

 D A-CLSWKR    1    109  (0:8)
      Item 23E - Class of worker
 U A-LFSR = 1-3 or A-LFSR = 4-7;
   and A-NLFROT = 2 and A-NLFLJ = 1-5
 V          0 .Not in universe or children
              .or Armed Forces
 V          1 .Private
 V          2 .Federal government
 V          3 .State government
 V          4 .Local government
 V          5 .Self-employed-incorporated
 V          6 .Self-employed-not incorporated
 V          7 .Without pay
 V          8 .Never worked

 D PPPOSOLD    2    110  (01:39)
      Trailer portion of unique household ID
      00 for HH Record.  Same function in
      Family Record is filed FFPOSOLD (41-79)
      Same function in Person Record is
      PPPOSOLD (01-39)

 D A-NLFLJ     1    112  (0:7)
      Item 24A - When did ... last work for
      pay at a regular job or business, either
      full-time or part-time
 U A-NLFROT  (I-24) = 2
 V          0 .Not in universe or children
              .or Armed Forces
 V          1 .Within past 12 months
 V          2 .1 up to 2 years ago
 V          3 .2 up to 3 years ago
 V          4 .3 up to 4 years ago
 V          5 .4 up to 5 years ago
 V          6 .5 or more years ago
 V          7 .Never worked

 D A-WHYLFT    1    113  (0:8)
      Item 24B - Why did ... leave that job
 U A-NLFLJ (I-24A) = 1-5
 V          0 .Not in universe or children
              .or Armed Forces
 V          1 .Personal, family or school
 V          2 .Health
 V          3 .Retirement or old age
 V          4 .Seasonal job completed
 V          5 .Slack work or business
              .conditions
 V          6 .Temporary nonseasonal job
              .completed
 V          7 .Unsatisfactory work
              .arrangements
 V          8 .Other

 D A-WANTJB    1    114  (0:4)
      Item 24C - Does ... want a regular job
      now, either full or part-time
 U A-NLFROT  (I-24) = 2
 V          0 .Not in universe or children
              .or Armed Forces
 V          1 .Yes
 V          2 .Maybe-it depends
 V          3 .No
 V          4 .Don't know

   Item 24D - What are the reasons ... is
   not looking for work (multiple entries
   possible)
   (For A-WHYNL1-9 and A-WHYNLA-B)

 D A-WHYNL1    1    115  (0:1)
      Believes no work available
 U A-WANTJB (I-24C) = 1 or 2
 V          0 .Not in universe or children
              .or Armed Forces or no entry
 V          1 .Entry

 D A-WHYNL2    1    116  (0:1)
      Couldn't find any work
 U A-WANTJB (I-24C) = 1 or 2
 V          0 .Not in universe or children
              .or Armed Forces or no entry
 V          1 .Entry

 D A-WHYNL3    1    117  (0:1)
      Lacks necessary schooling, etc.
 U A-WANTJB (I-24C) = 1 or 2
 V          0 .Not in universe or children
              .or Armed Forces or no entry
 V          1 .Entry

 D A-WHYNL4    1    118  (0:1)
      Employers think too young or too old
 U A-WANTJB (I-24C) = 1 or 2
 V          0 .Not in universe or children
              .or Armed Forces or no entry
 V          1 .Entry

 D A-WHYNL5    1    119  (0:1)
      Other personal handicap in finding job
 U A-WANTJB (I-24C) = 1 or 2
 V          0 .Not in universe or children
              .or Armed Forces or no entry
 V          1 .Entry

 D A-WHYNL6    1    120  (0:1)
      Can't arrange child care
 U A-WANTJB (I-24C) = 1 or 2
 V          0 .Not in universe or children
              .or Armed Forces or no entry
 V          1 .Entry

 D A-WHYNL7    1    121  (0:1)
      Family responsibilities
 U A-WANTJB (I-24C) = 1 or 2
 V          0 .Not in universe or children
              .or Armed Forces or no entry
 V          1 .Entry

 D A-WHYNL8    1    122  (0:1)
      In school or other training
 U A-WANTJB (I-24C) = 1 or 2
 V          0 .Not in universe or children
              .or Armed Forces or no entry
 V          1 .Entry

 D A-WHYNL9    1    123  (0:1)
      Ill health
 U A-WANTJB (I-24C) = 1 or 2
 V          0 .Not in universe or children
              .or Armed Forces or no entry
 V          1 .Entry

 D A-WHYNLA    1    124  (0:1)
      Other
 U A-WANTJB (I-24C) = 1 or 2
 V          0 .Not in universe or children
              .or Armed Forces or no entry
 V          1 .Entry

 D A-WHYNLB    1    125  (0:1)
      Don't know
 V          0 .Not in universe or children
              .or Armed Forces or no entry
 V          1 .Entry

 D A-INTEND    1    126  (0:4)
      Item 24E - Does ... intend to look for
      work of any kind in the next 12 months
 U A-NLFROT (I-24) = 2
 V          0 .Not in universe or children
              .and Armed Forces
 V          1 .Yes
 V          2 .It depends
 V          3 .No
 V          4 .Don't know

 D FILLER      1    127
      Blank Filler
 Edited Earnings Items

 D A-USLHRS    2    128  (00:99)
      Item 25A - How many hrs per week
      does ... usually work at this job
 U A-EARNRT (I-25) = 2
 V         00 .None, not in universe or
              .children or Armed Forces
 V      01-99 .Entry

 D A-HRLYWK    1    130  (0:2)
      Item 25B - is ... paid by the hour on
      this job
 U A-EARNRT (I-25) = 2
 V          0 .Not in universe or children
              .and Armed Forces
 V          1 .Yes
 V          2 .No

 D A-HRSPAY    4    131  (0000:9999)
      Item 25C
      How much does ... earn per hour
 U A-HRLYWK (I-25B) = 1
 V       0000 .Not in universe or children
              .or Armed Forces
 V  0001-9999 .Entry (2 implied decimal
              .places)

 D A-GRSWK     4    135  (0000:1923)
      Item 25D - How much does ... usually
      earn per  week at this job
      before deductions?
      For hourly workers, subject to
      topcoding, the higher of either the
      amount of item 25A times item 25C or
      the actual item 25D entry will be
      present.
 U A-EARNRT (I-25) = 2
 V       0000 .Not in universe or children
              .or Armed Forces
 V  0001-1923 .Entry

 D A-UNMEM     1    139  (0:2)
      Item 25E - On this job, is ... a
      member of a labor union or of an
      employee association similar to a union
 U A-EARNRT (I-25) = 2
 V          0 .Not in universe or children
              .or Armed Forces
 V          1 .Yes
 V          2 .No

 D A-UNCOV     1    140  (0:2)
      Item 25F - On this job, is ... covered
      by a union or employee association
      contract
 U A-UNMEM (I-25E) = 2
 V          0 .Not in universe or children
              .or Armed Forces
 V          1 .Yes
 V          2 .No

 D A-ENRCHK    1    141  (0:2)
      Item 26 - Interviewer check item
 U All persons
 V          0 .Children or Armed Forces
 V          1 .This person is 16-24 years of age
 V          2 .All others

 D A-ENRLW     1    142  (0:2)
      Item 26A1 - Last week was ... attending
      or enrolled in a high school, college
      or university
 U A-ENRCHK (I-26) = 1
 V          0 .Not in universe or children
              .or Armed Forces
 V          1 .Yes
 V          2 .No

 D A-HSCOL     1    143  (0:2)
      Item 26A2
 U A-ENRLW (I-26A1) = 1
 V          0 .Not in universe or children
              .or Armed Forces
 V          1 .High school
 V          2 .College or university

 D A-FTPT      1    144  (0:2)
      Item 26B - Is ... enrolled in school
      as a full-time or part-time student
 U A-ENRLW (I-26A1) = 1
 V          0 .Not in universe or children
              .or Armed Forces
 V          1 .Full time
 V          2 .Part time
 Labor Force Person Recodes

 D A-LFSR      1    145  (0:7)
      Labor force status recode
 U All persons
 V          0 .Children or Armed Forces
 V          1 .Working
 V          2 .With job,not at work
 V          3 .Unemployed, looking for work
 V          4 .Unemployed, on layoff
 V          5 .NILF - working w/o pay less
              .than or equal to 15 hrs;
              .Temp absent from w/o pay job
 V          6 .NILF - unavailable
 V          7 .Other NILF

 D A-UNTYPE    1    146  (0:5)
      Reason for unemployment
 U A-LFSR = 3 or 4
 V          0 .Not in universe or children
              .or Armed Forces
 V          1 .Job loser - on layoff
 V          2 .Other job loser
 V          3 .Job leaver
 V          4 .Re-entrant
 V          5 .New entrant

 D A-NLFREA    2    147  (00:11)
      Current activity/reason not looking
      for work
 U LFSR = 5, 6 or 7 and MIS = 4 or 8
 V         00 .Not in universe or children
              .or Armed Forces
 V         01 .School
 V         02 .Ill, disabled
 V         03 .Keeping house
 V         04 .Retired or old age
 V         05 .No desire
 V         06 .Employers think too young
              .or old
 V         07 .Lacks education or training
 V         08 .Other personal reason
 V         09 .Could not find work
 V         10 .Thinks no job available
 V         11 .Other

 D A-WKSTAT    1    149  (0:7)
      Full/part-time status
 U All persons
 V          0 .Children or Armed Forces
 V          1 .Not in labor force
 V          2 .Full-time schedules
 V          3 .Part-time for economic
              .reasons, usually full-time
 V          4 .Part-time for non-economic
              .reasons, usually part-time
 V          5 .Part-time for economic reasons,
              .usually part-time
 V          6 .Unemployed full-time
 V          7 .Unemployed part- time

 D A-EXPLF     1    150  (0:2)
      Experienced labor force employment
      status
 U A-COW NE 8
 V          0 .Not in experienced labor force
 V          1 .Employed
 V          2 .Unemployed

 D A-WKSCH     1    151  (0:4)
      Labor force by time worked or lost
 U All
 V          0 .Not in universe
 V          1 .At work
 V          2 .With job, not at work
 V          3 .Unemployed, seeks full-time
 V          4 .Unemployed, seeks part-time

 D A-CIVLF     1    152  (0:1)
      Civilian labor force
 V          0 .Not in universe or children
              .or Armed Forces
 V          1 .In universe

 D A-FTLF      1    153  (0:1)
      Full-time labor force
 U Full-time
 V          0 .Not in universe or children
              .or Armed Forces
 V          1 .In universe

 D FILLER      1    154
      Blank Filler

 D A-MJIND     2    155  (00:23)
      Major industry code
 U A-CLSWKR = 1-7
 V         00 .Not in universe or children
 V         01 .Agriculture
 V         02 .Mining
 V         03 .Construction
      Manufacturing
 V         04 .Manufacturing-durable goods
 V         05 .Manufacturing-nondurable goods
      Transportation,communications,and other
      public utilities
 V         06 .Transportation
 V         07 .Communications
 V         08 .Utilities and sanitary services
      Wholesale and retail trade
 V         09 .Wholesale trade
 V         10 .Retail trade
 V         11 .Finance,insurance and real
              .estate
      Services (12-20)
 V         12 .Private household
      Miscellaneous services
 V         13 .Business and repair
 V         14 .Personal services, except
              .private household
 V         15 .Entertainment
      Professional and related services
 V         16 .Hospital
 V         17 .Medical, except hospital
 V         18 .Educational
 V         19 .Social services
 V         20 .Other professional
 V         21 .Forestry and fisheries
 V         22 .Public administration
 V         23 .Armed Forces

 D A-DTIND     2    157  (00:51)
      Detailed industry recode
      See Appendix A2 for list of legal codes
 U A-CLSWKR = 1-7
 V         00 .Not in universe or children
              .or Armed Forces

 D A-MJOCC     2    159  (00:15)
      Major occupation code
 U A-CLSWKR = 1-7
 V         00 .Not in universe or children
              .or Armed Forces
      Managerial and professional
 V         01 .Executive, admin. and managerial
 V         02 .Professional specialty
      Technical, sales and admin. support
 V         03 .Technicians and related support
 V         04 .Sales
 V         05 .Administrative support, incl.
              .clerical
      Service
 V         06 .Private household
 V         07 .Protective service
 V         08 .Other service
 V         09 .Precision production, craft and
              .repair
      Operators, fabricators and laborers
 V         10 .Machine operators, assemblers and
              .inspectors
 V         11 .Transportation and material moving
 V         12 .Handlers, equip. cleaners, etc.
 V         13 .Farming, forestry and fishing
 V         14 .Armed Forces
 V         15 .No previous experience - never
              .worked

 D A-DTOCC     2    161  (00:46)
      Detailed occupation recode
      See Appendix B2 for list of legal codes
 U A-CLSWKR = 1-7
 V         00 .Not in universe for children
              .or Armed Forces

 D A-ERNEL     1    163  (0:1)
      Earnings eligibility flag
 U All persons
 V          0 .Not earnings eligible
 V          1 .Earnings eligible

 D A-RCOW      1    164  (0:7)
      Class of worker recode
 U All persons V          0 .Not in universe or children
              .or Armed Forces
 V          1 .Private
 V          2 .Federal
 V          3 .State
 V          4 .Local
 V          5 .Self-employment-
              .unincorporated
 V          6 .Without pay
 V          7 .Never worked
 Edited Work Experience Items - All Persons 15+ Years

   The following items are from the March
   supplement 665 questionnaire
   Edited work experience items -
   all persons 15+ years

 D WORKYN      1    165  (0:2)
      Item 29A
      Did ... work at a job or business at any
      time during 19..
 U All persons         0 .Not in universe or children
 V          1 .Yes
 V          2 .No

 D WTEMP       1    166  (0:2)
      Item 29B
      Did ... do any temporary, part-time,
      or seasonal work even for a few days
      during 19..
 U WORKYN = 2
 V          0 .Not in universe or children
 V          1 .Yes
 V          2 .No

 D NWLOOK      1    167  (0:2)
      Item 30
      Even though ... did not work in 19..
      did spend any time trying to find
      a job or on layoff
 U WTEMP = 2
 V          0 .Not in universe or children
 V          1 .Yes
 V          2 .No

 D NWLKWK      2    168  (00:52)
      Item 31
      How may different weeks was ... looking
      for work or on layoff
 U WTEMP = 2
 V         00 .Not in universe or children
 V         01 .1 week
              ...
 V         52 .52 weeks

 D RSNNOTW     1    170  (0:6)
      Item 32
      What was the main reason ... did not
      work in 19..
 U WTEMP = 2
 V          0 .Not in universe
 V          1 .Ill or disabled
 V          2 .Retired
 V          3 .Taking care of home or family
 V          4 .Going to school
 V          5 .Could not find work
 V          6 .Other

 D WKSWORK     2    171  (00:52)
      Item 33
      During 19.. in how many weeks did ...
      work even for a few hours?
      Include paid vacation and sick leave
      as work
 U WORKYN = 1 or WTEMP = 1
 V         00 .Not in universe
 V         01 .1 week
              ...
 V         52 .52 weeks

 D WKCHECK     1    173  (0:3)
      Item 34
      Interviewer check item - number of
      weeks in item 33 is
 U WKSWORK = 1+
 V          0 .Not in universe
 V          1 .1-49 weeks
 V          2 .50-51 weeks
 V          3 .52 weeks

 D LOSEWKS     1    174  (0:2)
      Item 35
      Did ... lose any full weeks of work in
      19.. because was on layoff
      from a job or lost a job
 U WKSWORK = 50, 51
 V          0 .Not in universe
 V          1 .Yes
 V          2 .No

 D LKNONE      1    175  (0:1)
      Item 36
      You said... worked about (entry in
      item 33) weeks in 19..
      How many of the remaining (52 minus
      entry in item 33) weeks was ... looking
      for work or on layoff from a job
 U WKSWORK = 1-49
 V          0 .Not in universe
 V          1 .No weeks looking for work
              .or on layoff

 D LKWEEKS     2    176  (00:51)
      Item 36
      How many weeks was ... looking for
      work or on layoff from a job
 U WKSWORK = 1-49
 V         00 .Not in universe
 V         01 .01 weeks
              ...
 V         51 .51 weeks

 D LKSTRCH     1    178  (0:3)
      Item 37
      Were the (entry in item 36) weeks ...
      was looking for work (or on layoff)
      all in one stretch
 U Entry in LKWEEKS
 V          0 .Not in universe
 V          1 .Yes, 1 stretch
 V          2 .No, 2 stretches
 V          3 .No, 3 plus stretches

 D PYRSN       1    179  (0:6)
      Item 38
      What was the main reason ... was not
      working or looking for work in the
      remaining weeks of 19..
 U Sum of entries in WKSWORK and LKWEEKS
   add to a number less
   than 52
 V          0 .Not in universe
 V          1 .Ill or disabled
 V          2 .Taking care of home
 V          3 .Going to school
 V          4 .Retired
 V          5 .No work available
 V          6 .Other

 D PHMEMPRS    1    180  (0:3)
      Item 39
      For how many employers did ... work
      in 19..?  If more than one at same
      time, only count it as one employer
 U WKSWORK = 1+
 V          0 .Not in universe
 V          1 .1 employer
 V          2 .2
 V          3 .3 plus

 D HRSWK       2    181  (00:99)
      Item 40
      In the weeks that ... worked how may
      hours did ... usually work per week
 U WKSWORK = 1+
 V         00 .Not in universe
 V         01 .1 hour
              ...
 V         99 .99 hours plus

 D HRCHECK     1    183  (0:2)
      Item 41
      Interviewer check item - number
      of hours in item 41 is
 U WKSWORK = 1+
 V          0 .Not in universe
 V          1 .Part-time (1-34)
 V          2 .Full-time (35+)

 D PTYN        1    184  (0:2)
      Item 42
      Did ... work less than 35 hours for
      at least one week in 19..?
      Exclude time off with pay because of
      holidays, vacation, days off, or
      sickness
 U HRCHECK = 1
 V          0 .Not in universe
 V          1 .Yes
 V          2 .No

 D PTWEEKS     2    185  (00:52)
      Item 43
      How many weeks did ... work less
      than 35 hours in 19..
 U PTYN = 1
 V         00 .Not in universe
 V         01 .1 week
              ...
 V         52 .52 weeks

 D PTRSN       1    187  (0:4)
      Item 44
      What was the main reason ... worked
      less than 35 hours per week
 U PTYN = 1
 V          0 .Not in universe
 V          1 .Could only find part time job
 V          2 .Wanted part time
 V          3 .Slack work
 V          4 .Other

 D FILLER      1    188
      Blank Filler

 D LJCW        1    189  (0:7)
      Item 46E
      Class of worker
 U WKSWORK = 1+
 V          0 .Not in universe
 V          1 .Private
 V          2 .Federal
 V          3 .State
 V          4 .Local
 V          5 .Self-employed incorporated, yes
 V          6 .Self-employed incorporated, no
              .or farm
 V          7 .Without pay

 D INDUSTRY    3    190  (000:991)
      Item 46B
      Industry of longest job
      See Industry Code Appendix A1 for list
      of legal codes
 U WKSWORK = 1+
 V        000 .Not in universe
 V    010-991 .Industry code

 D OCCUP       3    193  (000:905)
      Item 46C
      Occupation of longest job
      See Industry Code Appendix B1 for list
      of legal codes
 U WKSWORK = 1+
 V        000 .Not in universe or children
 V    003-905 .Occupation code
 Work Experience Recodes

 D WEXP        2    196  (00:13)
      Recode -  Worker/nonworker recode -
      full/part-time worker
 U WKSWORK = 1+
 V         00 .Not in universe
      Worked full-time
 V         01 .50 to 52 weeks
 V         02 .48 to 49 weeks
 V         03 .40 to 47 weeks
 V         04 .27 to 39 weeks
 V         05 .14 to 26 weeks
 V         06 .13 weeks or less
      Worked part-time
 V         07 .50 to 52 weeks
 V         08 .48 to 49 weeks
 V         09 .40 to 47 weeks
 V         10 .27 to 39 weeks
 V         11 .14 to 26 weeks
 V         12 .13 weeks or less
 V         13 .Nonworker

 D WEWKRS      1    198  (0:5)
      Recode -  Worker/nonworker recode -
      weeks worked last year
 V          0 .Not in universe
      Full year worker
 V          1 .Full-time
 V          2 .Part-time
      Part year worker
 V          3 .Full-time
 V          4 .Part-time
 V          5 .Nonworker

 D WELKNW      1    199  (0:7)
      Recode -  Worker/nonworker recode -
      weeks looking for nonworkers
 V          0 .Children
 V          1 .None (not looking for work)   .
 V          2 .1 to 4 weeks looking
 V          3 .5 to 14 weeks looking
 V          4 .15 to 26 weeks looking
 V          5 .27 to 39 weeks looking
 V          6 .40 or more weeks looking
 V          7 .Workers

 D WEUEMP      1    200  (0:9)
      Recode - Worker/nonworker recode -
      part year worker weeks looking
 V          0 .Not in universe
 V          1 .None
 V          2 .1 to 4 weeks
 V          3 .5 to 10 weeks
 V          4 .11 to 14 weeks
 V          5 .15 to 26 weeks
 V          6 .27 to 39 weeks
 V          7 .40 or more weeks
 V          8 .Full year worker
 V          9 .Nonworker

 D EARNER      1    201  (0:2)
      Recode - Earner status of longest job
 U PEARNVAL NE 0
 V          0 .Not in universe
 V          1 .Earner
 V          2 .Nonearner

 D CLWK        1    202  (0:5)
      Recode - Longest job class of
      worker recode   .
 U WKSWORK = 1+
 V          0 .Not in universe
 V          1 .Private (includes self-
              .employment, inc.)
 V          2 .Government
 V          3 .Self-employed
 V          4 .Without pay
 V          5 .Never worked

 D WECLW       1    203  (0:9)
      Recode - Longest job class of worker
 U WKSWORK = 1+
 V          0 .Not in universe
      Agriculture
 V          1 .Wage and salary
 V          2 .Self-employed
 V          3 .Unpaid
      Nonagriculture
 V          4 .Private household
 V          5 .Other private
 V          6 .Government
 V          7 .Self-employed
 V          8 .Unpaid
 V          9 .Never worked

 D POCCU2      2    204  (00:53)
      Recode - Occupation of longest job
      by detailed groups
 U WKSWORK = 1
 V         00 .Children
      Managerial and professional specialty
      occupations
      Executive, administrative, and
      managerial occupations
 V         01 .Officials and administrators,
              .public administration
      Managers and administrators
      except public administration
 V         03 .Salaried
 V         04 .Self-employed
 V         05 .Management related occupations
 V         06 .Accountants and auditors
      Professional specialty occupations
 V         07 .Engineers:  Architects, and
 V            .surveyors
 V         08 .Engineers
 V         09 .Natural scientists and
              .mathematicians
 V         10 .Computer systems analysts and
              .scientists
 V         11 .Health diagnosing occupations
 V         12 .Physicians and dentists
 V         13 .Health assessment and treating
              .occuptions
 V         14 .Teachers, librarians, and
              .counselors
 V         15 .Teachers, except postsecondary
 V         16 .Other professional specialty
              .occupations
      Technical: sales, and administrative
      support occupations
 V         17 .Health technologists and
              .technicians
 V         18 .Engineering and science
              .technicians
 V         19 .Technicians, except health,
              .engineering, and science
              .Sales occupations
 V         20 .Supervisors and proprietors,
      Sales occupations
 V         21 .Sales representatives,
              .commodities and finance
 V         22 .Other sales occupations
      Administrative support occupations,
      including clerical
 V         23 .Computer equipment operators
 V         24 .Secretaries, stenographers,
              .and typists
 V         25 .Financial records processing
              .occupations
 V         26 .Other administrative support
              .occupations,including clerical
      Service occupations
 V         27 .Private household occupations
 V         28 .Service occupations, except
              .protective and household
 V         29 .Food services occupations
 V         30 .Health service occupations
 V         31 .Cleaning and building service
              .occupations
 V         32 .Personal service occupations
      Farming, forestry, and fishing occupations
 V         33 .Farm operators and managers
 V         34 .Farm occupations, except
              .managerial
 V         35 .Related agricultural occupations
 V         36 .Forestry and fishing occupations
      Precision production: craft, and repair
      occupations
 V         37 .Mechanics and repairers
 V         38 .Construction trades and
              .extractive occupations
 V         39 .Carpenters
      Precision production occupations
 V         40 .Supervisors, production
              .occupations
 V         41 .Precision metal working
              .occupations
 V         42 .Other precision production
              .occupations
      Operators, fabricators, and laborers
      machine operators, assemblers, and
      inspectors
 V         43 .Machine operators and tenders
              .except precision
 V         44 .Fabricators, assemblers, and
              .hand working occupations
 V         45 .Production inspectors, testers,
              .samplers, and weighers
 V         46 .Transportation occupations
 V         47 .Material moving equipment
              .operators
      Handlers, equipment cleaners,
      helpers and laborers
 V         48 .Construction laborers
 V         49 .Freight, stock and material
              .handlers
 V         50 .Other specified handlers,
              .equipment cleaners and helpers
 V         51 .Laborers, except construction
 V         52 .Armed Forces - currently
              .civilian
 V         53 .Never worked

 D WEMOCG      2    206  (00:15)
      Recode - Occupation of longest job
      by major groups
 U WORKYN = 1
 V         00 .Children
      Managerial and professional specialty
      occupations
 V         01 .Executive, administrative, and
              .managerial occupations
 V         02 .Professional specialty
              .occupations
      Technical, sales, and administrative
      support occupations
 V         03 .Technicians and related
              .support occupations
 V         04 .Sales occupations
 V         05 .Administrative support
              .occupations, including clerical
              .service occupations
 V         06 .Private household occupations
 V         07 .Protective service occupations
 V         08 .Service occupations, except
              .household and protective
 V         09 .Farming, forestry, and fishing
              .occupations
 V         10 .Precision production: craft,
              .and repair occupations
      Operators, fabricators, and laborers
 V         11 .Machine operators, assemblers,
              .and inspectors
 V         12 .Transportation and material
              .moving occupations
 V         13 .Handlers, equipment cleaners,
              .helpers, and laborers
 V         14 .Armed Forces - currently
              .civilian
 V         15 .Never worked

 D WEIND       2    208  (00:47)
      Recode - Industry of longest job by
      detailed groups
 U WORKYN = 1
 V         00 .Children
 V         01 .Agriculture
 V         02 .Mining
 V         03 .Construction
      Manufacturing
      Durable goods
 V         04 .Lumber and wood products,
              .except furniture
 V         05 .Furniture and fixtures
 V         06 .Stone, clay, glass, concrete
              .products
      Metal industries
 V         07 .Primary metals
 V         08 .Fabricated metals
 V         09 .Not specified metal industries
 V         10 .Machinery, except electrical
 V         11 .Electrical machinery,
              .equipment, supplies
      Transportation equipment
 V         12 .Motor vehicles and equipment
      Other transportation equipment
 V         13 .Aircraft and parts
 V         14 .Other transportation equipment
 V         15 .Professional and photo
              .equipment, watches
 V         16 .Toys, amusements, and sporting
              .goods
 V         17 .Miscellaneous and not specified
              .manufacting, industry
      Nondurable goods
 V         18 .Food and kindred products
 V         19 .Tobacco manufactures
 V         20 .Textile mill products
 V         21 .Apparel and other finished
              .textile products
 V         22 .Paper and allied products
 V         23 .Printing, publishing, and
              .allied industry
 V         24 .Chemicals and allied products
 V         25 .Petroleum and coal products
 V         26 .Rubber and miscellaneous
              .plastics products
 V         27 .Leather and leather products
      Transportation: communications, and
      other public utilities
 V         28 .Transportation
      Communication and other public utilities
 V         29 .Communication
 V         30 .Utilities and sanitary services
      Wholesale and retail trade
 V         31 .Wholesale trade
 V         32 .Retail trade
      Finance, insurance, and real estate
 V         33 .Banking and other finance
 V         34 .Insurance and real estate
      Service
 V         35 .Private household
      Miscellaneous services
      Business and repair services
 V         36 .Business services
 V         37 .Repair services
 V         38 .Personal service except
              .private household
 V         39 .Entertainment and recreation
              .services
      Professional and related services
 V         40 .Hospitals
 V         41 .Health services, except
              .hospitals
 V         42 .Educational services
 V         43 .Social services
 V         44 .Other professional services
 V         45 .Forestry and fisheries
 V         46 .Public administration
 V         47 .Never worked

 D WEMIND      2    210  (00:15)
      Recode - Industry of longest job by
      major industry group
 U WORKYN = 1
 V         00 .Not in universe
 V         01 .Agriculture, forestry, and
              .fisheries
 V         02 .Mining
 V         03 .Construction
      Manufacturing
 V         04 .Durable goods
 V         05 .Nondurable goods
 V         06 .Transportation, communications
              .and public utilities
      Wholesale and retail trade
 V         07 .Wholesale  trade
 V         08 .Retail trade
 V         09 .Finance, insurance, and
              .real estate
 V         10 .Business and repair services
      Personal services
 V         11 .Personal services, including
              .private households
 V         12 .Entertainment and recreation
              .services
 V         13 .Professional and related
              .services
 V         14 .Public administration
 V         15 .Never worked

 D FILLER2     2    212
      Blank Filler
 Edited Migration Items Persons 1+ Years

 D MIGSAME     1    214  (0:2)
      Item 54
      Was ... living in this house 1 year ago
 V          0 .Not in universe under 1 years
              .old
 V          1 .Yes
 V          2 .No

 D GRIN-REG    1    215  (0:5)
      Recode - Region of previous residence
 U MIGSAME = 2
 V          0 .Not in universe under 1 year
              .old/nonmover
 V          1 .Northeast
              .Maine
              .New Hampshire
              .Vermont
              .Massachusetts
              .Rhode Island
              .Connecticut
              .New York
              .New Jersey
              .Pennsylvania
 V          2 .Midwest
              .Ohio
              .Indiana
              .Illinois
              .Michigan
              .Wisconsin
              .Minnesota
              .Iowa
              .Missouri
              .North Dakota
              .South Dakota
              .Nebraska
              .Kansas
 V          3 .South
              .Delaware
              .Maryland
              .District of Columbia
              .Virginia
              .West Virginia
              .North Carolina
              .South Carolina
              .Georgia
              .Florida
              .Kentucky
              .Tennessee
              .Alabama
              .Mississippi
              .Arkansas
              .Louisiana
              .Oklahoma
              .Texas
 V          4 .West
              .Montana
              .Idaho
              .Wyoming
              .Colorado
              .New Mexico
              .Arizona
              .Utah
              .Nevada
              .Washington
              .Oregon
              .California
              .Alaska
              .Hawaii
 V          5 .Abroad

 D GRIN-ST     2    216  (00:56)
      Recode - FIPS State Code from the
      Grin file
 U MIGSAME = 2
 V         00 .Not in universe, nonmover
 V         01 .Alabama
 V         02 .Alaska
 V         04 .Arizona
 V         05 .Arkansas
 V         06 .California
 V         08 .Colorado
 V         09 .Connecticut
 V         10 .Delaware
 V         11 .District of Columbia
 V         12 .Florida
 V         13 .Georgia
 V         15 .Hawaii
 V         16 .Idaho
 V         17 .Illinois
 V         18 .Indiana
 V         19 .Iowa
 V         20 .Kansas
 V         21 .Kentucky
 V         22 .Louisiana
 V         23 .Maine
 V         24 .Maryland
 V         25 .Massachusetts
 V         26 .Michigan
 V         27 .Minnesota
 V         28 .Mississippi
 V         29 .Missouri
 V         30 .Montana
 V         31 .Nebraska
 V         32 .Nevada
 V         33 .New Hampshire
 V         34 .New Jersey
 V         35 .New Mexico
 V         36 .New York
 V         37 .North Carolina
 V         38 .North Dakota
 V         39 .Ohio
 V         40 .Oklahoma
 V         41 .Oregon
 V         42 .Pennsylvania
 V         44 .Rhode Island
 V         45 .South Carolina
 V         46 .South Dakota
 V         47 .Tennessee
 V         48 .Texas
 V         49 .Utah
 V         50 .Vermont
 V         51 .Virginia
 V         53 .Washington
 V         54 .West Virginia
 V         55 .Wisconsin
 V         56 .Wyoming
 V         96 .Abroad
 Migration Recodes

 D MIG-MTR1    2    218  (01:09)
      Migration recode
 U MIGSAME = 2
 V         01 .Nonmover
 V         02 .MSA to MSA
 V         03 .MSA to nonMSA
 V         04 .NonMSA to MSA
 V         05 .NonMSA to nonMSA
 V         06 .Abroad to MSA
 V         07 .Abroad to nonMSA
 V         08 .Not in universe
              .(children under 1 year old)
 V         09 .Not identifiable

 D MIG-MTR3    1    220   (1:9)
      Migration recode
 U MIGSAME = 2
 V          1 .Nonmover
 V          2 .Same county
 V          3 .Different county, same state
 V          4 .Different state, same division
 V          5 .Different division, same region
 V          6 .Different region
 V          7 .Abroad
 V          8 .Not in universe (children
              .under 1 yr old)
 V          9 .Not identifiable

 D MIG-MTR4    2    221  (01:10)
      Migration recode
 U MIGSAME = 2
 V         01 .Nonmover
 V         02 .Same county
 V         03 .Different county, same state
 V         04 .Different state in Northeast
 V         05 .Different state in Midwest
 V         06 .Different state in South
 V         07 .Different state in West
 V         08 .Abroad
 V         09 .Not in universe (children
              .under 1 year old)
 V         10 .Not identifiable

 D MIGSUN      1    223  (1:3)
      Migration recode
      Previous residence in sunbelt
         North Carolina
         South Carolina
         Georgia
         Florida
         Alabama
         Mississippi
         Louisiana
         Tennessee
         Arkansas
         Oklahoma
         Texas
         New Mexico
         Arizona
         Nevada
            Clark county only
         California (if in the following
            counties:  Imperial, Kern,
            Los Angeles, Orange, Riverside,
            San Bernardino, San Diego,
            Santa Barbara, and Ventura)
 U MIGSAME = 2
 V          1 .Yes
 V          2 .No
 V          3 .Not in universe
              .(children less than 1 or
              .nonmover)

 D GRN-PLAC    1    224  (0:4)
      Item 55A
      Metropolitan statistical area status
      description of residence last year
 U MIGSAME = 2
 V          0 .Not in universe, nonmover
 V          1 .MSA
 V          2 .Non MSA
 V          3 .Abroad
            4 .Not identifiable

 D PLACDSCP    1    225  (0:5)
      Item 55A
      Place description of residence last year
 U MIGSAME = 2
 V          0 .Not in universe, nonmover
 V          1 .Central city
 V          2 .MSA/PMSA balance
 V          3 .Non MSA/PMSA
 V          4 .Abroad
 V          5 .Not identifiable

 D NOEMP       1    226  (0:5)
      Item 47
      At this job about how many people
      were employed by ...'s employer at
      the location where ... worked?
 V          0 .Not in universe
 V          1 .Under 25
 V          2 .25 - 99
 V          3 .100 - 499
 V          4 .500 - 999
 V          5 .1000+

Edited and Allocated Income Fields
 Source of Income - Earnings

 D ERN-YN      1    227  (0:2)
      Earnings from longest job recode
      Earnings from employer or net earnings
      from business/ farm after expenses from
      longest job during 19..
 V          0 .Not in universe
 V          1 .Yes
 V          2 .No

   Items 48A through 49B -
   Persons 15+ years

 D ERN-VAL     6    228  (-9999:99999)
      Item 48A and B
      How much did ... earn from this
      employer before deductions in 19..
      What was ... net earnings from this
      business/ farm after expenses
      during 19..
 U ERN-YN = 1
 V      00000 .None or not in universe
 V-9999-99999 .Wages and self-employment

 D ERN-SRCE    1    234  (0:4)
      Earnings  recode
      Source of earnings from longest job.
 U ERN-YN = 1
 V          0 .Not in universe
 V          1 .Wage and salary
 V          2 .Self-employment
 V          3 .Farm self-employment
 V          4 .Without pay

 D ERN-OTR     1    235  (0:2)
      Item 49A
      Did ... earn money from other work
      he/she did during 19..
 V          0 .Not in universe
 V          1 .Yes
 V          2 .No

 D WAGEOTR     1    236  (0:2)
      Item 49B
      Other wage and salary earnings
 U ERN-OTR = 1
 V          0 .Not in universe
 V          1 .Yes
 V          2 .No

 D WS-VAL      5    237  (00000:99999)
      Item 49B
      Other wage and salary earnings
 U ERN-OTR =1
 V      00000 .None or not in universe
 V     00001- .Wage and salary
        99999 .

 D WSAL-YN     1    242  (0:2)
      Recode
      Any wage and salary earnings in
      ERN-YN or WAGEOTR
 U ERN-YN = 1 or WAGEOTR = 1
 V          0 .Not in universe
 V          1 .Yes
 V          2 .No

 D WSAL-VAL    6    243  (000000:199998)
      Recode - Total wage and salary earnings
      (Combined amounts in ERN-VAL, if
      ERN-SRCE=1, and WS-VAL
 U ERN-YN = 1 or WAGEOTR = 1
 V     000000 .None or not in universe
 V    000001-.Wage and salary
      199998 .

 D SEOTR       1    249  (0:2)
      Item 49B
      Other work - Own business
      self-employment
 U ERN-OTR = 1
 V          0 .Not in universe
 V          1 .Yes
 V          2 .No

 D SE-VAL      5    250  (-9999:99999)
      Item 49B
      Other work - own business
      self-employment earnings
 U ERN-OTR = 1
 V      00000 .None or not in universe
 V -9999-99999.Own business self employment

 D SEMP-YN     1    255  (0:2)
      Recode - Any own business
      self-employment in ERN-YN or SEOTR
 U ERN-YN = 1 or SEOTR = 1
 V          0 .Not in universe
 V          1 .Yes
 V          2 .No

 D SEMP-VAL    6    256  (-9999:199998)
      Total own business self-employment
      earnings (Combined amounts in ERN-VAL,
      if ERN-SRCE=2, and SE-VAL)
 U ERN-YN =1 or SEOTR = 1
 V     000000 .None or not in universe
 V     -9999- .Own business self employment
 V     199998 .

 D FRMOTR      1    262  (0:2)
      Item 49B
      Farm self-employment
 U ERN-OTR = 1
 V          0 .Not in universe
 V          1 .Yes
 V          2 .No

 D FRM-VAL     5    263  (-9999:99999)
      Item 49B
      Farm self-employment earnings
 U ERN-OTR = 1
 V      00000 .None or not in universe
 V     -9999- .Farm self-employment
       99999  .

 D FRSE-YN     1    268  (0:2)
      Any own farm self-employment in
      ERN-YN or FRMOTR
 U ERN-YN = 1 or FRMOTR = 1
 V          0 .Not in universe
 V          1 .Yes
 V          2 .No

 D FRSE-VAL    6    269  (-9999:199998)
      Recode - Total amount of farm
      self-employment earnings
      (Combined amounts in ERN-VAL, if
      ERN-SRCE=3, and FRM-VAL
 U ERN-YN = 1 or FRMOTR = 1
 V     000000 .None or not in universe
 V     -9999- .Farm self employment
 V     199998 .
 Source of Income - Unemployment Compensation

 D UC-YN       1    275  (0:2)
      Item 52A
      At any time during 19.. did ... receive
      any state or federal unemployment
      compensation
 V          0 .Not in universe
 V          1 .Yes
 V          2 .No

 D SUBUC       1    276  (0:2)
      Item 52A
      At any time during 19.. did ... receive
      any supplemental unemployment benefits
 U UC-YN = 1
 V          0 .Not in universe
 V          1 .Yes
 V          2 .No

 D STRKUC      1    277  (0:2)
      Item 52A
      At any time during 19.. did ... receive
      any union unemployment or strike benefits
 U UC-YN = 1
 V          0 .Not in universe
 V          1 .Yes
 V          2 .No

 D UC-VAL      5    278  (00000:99999)
      Item 52B
      How much did ... receive in unemployment
      benefits during 19..
 U UC-YN = 1
 V      00000 .None or not in universe
 V     00001- .Unemployment compensation
 V       99999.
 Source of Income - Worker's Compensation

 D WC-YN       1    283  (0:2)
      Item 53A
      During 19.. did ... receive any
      worker's compensation payments or
      other payments as a result of a
      job related injury or illness
 V          0 .Not in universe
 V          1 .Yes
 V          2 .No

 D WC-TYPE     1    284  (0:4)
      Item 53B
      What was source of these payments
 U WC-YN = 1
 V          0 .Not in universe
 V          1 .State workers compensation
 V          2 .Employer or employers insurance
 V          3 .Own insurance
 V          4 .Other

 D WC-VAL      5    285  (00000:99999)
      Item 53C
      How much compensation did ... receive
      during 19..
 U WC-YN = 1
 V      00000 .None or not in universe
 V     00001- .Worker's compensation
 V      99999 .
 Source of Income - Social Security Income

 D SS-YN       1    290  (0:2)
      Item 56B
      Did ... receive S.S.
 U HSS-YN = 1
 V          0 .Not in universe
 V          1 .Yes
 V          2 .No

 D SS-VAL      5    291  (00000:29999)
      Item 56C
      How much did ... receive in Social
      Security payments during 19..
 U SS-YN = 1
 V      00000 .None or not in universe
 V      00001-
 V      29999 .Social Security
 Source of Income - Supplemental Security Income

 D SSI-YN      1    296  (0:2)
      Item 57B
      Did ... receive SSI
 U HSSI-YN = 1
 V          0 .Not in universe
 V          1 .Yes
 V          2 .No

 D SSI-VAL     4    297  (0000:9999)
      Item 57C
      How much did ... receive in supplemental
      security income during 19..
 U SSI-YN = 1
 V       0000 .None or not in universe
 V  0001-9999 .Supplemental security income
 Source of Income - Public Assistance or Welfare

 D PAW-YN      1    301  (0:2)
      Item 59B
      Did ... receive public assistance
 U HPAW-YN = 1
 V          0 .Not in universe
 V          1 .Yes
 V          2 .No

 D PAW-TYP     1    302  (0:3)
      Item 59C
      Did ... receive AFDC or some other type
      of assistance
 U PAW-YN = 1
 V          0 .Not in universe
 V          1 .AFCD (ADC)
 V          2 .Other
 V          3 .Both

 D PAW-MON     2    303  (00:12)
      Item 59D
      In how many months of 19.. did ...
      receive public assistance payment
 U PAW-YN = 1
 V         00 .Not in universe
 V         01 .One
              ...
 V         12 .Twelve

 D PAW-VAL     5    305  (00000:19999)
      Item 59E
      How much did ... receive in public
      assistance or welfare during 19..
 U PAW-YN = 1
 V      00000 .None or not in universe
 V     00001- .Public assistance income
        19999 .
 Source of Income - Veterans' Administration Benefits

 D VET-YN      1    310  (0:2)
      Item 60B
      Did ... receive veterans' payments
 U HVET-YN = 1
 V          0 .Not in universe
 V          1 .Yes
 V          2 .No

   VET-TYP1 throught VET-TYP5
   What type of veterans payments
   did .... receive

 D VET-TYP1    1    311  (0:2)
      Item 60C
      Disability Compensation
 U VET-YN = 1
 V          0 .Not in universe
 V          1 .Yes
 V          2 .No

 D VET-TYP2    1    312  (0:2)
      Item 60C
      Survivor Benefits
 U VET-YN = 1
 V          0 .Not in universe
 V          1 .Yes
 V          2 .No

 D VET-TYP3    1    313  (0:2)
      Item 60C
      Veterans' Pension
 U VET-YN = 1
 V          0 .Not in universe
 V          1 .Yes
 V          2 .No

 D VET-TYP4    1    314  (0:2)
      Item 60C
      Education assistance
 U VET-YN = 1
 V          0 .Not in universe
 V          1 .Yes
 V          2 .No

 D VET-TYP5    1    315  (0:2)
      Item 60C
      Other Veterans' payments
 U VET-YN = 1
 V          0 .Not in universe
 V          1 .Yes
 V          2 .No

 D VET-QVA     1    316  (0:2)
      Item 60D
      Is ... required to fill out an
      annual income questionnaire for
      the Veterans' Administration
 U VET-YN = 1
 V          0 .Not in universe
 V          1 .Yes
 V          2 .No

 D VET-VAL     5    317  (00000:29999)
      Item 60E
      How much did ... receive from
      Veteran's Administration during 19..
 U VET-YN = 1
 V      00000 .None or not in universe
 V          1-29999 = Veterans' payments
 Source of Income - Survivor's Income

 D SUR-YN      1    322  (0:2)
      Item 61B
      Other than Social Security or
      VA benefits did ... receive and income
      in 19.. from survivor or widow's
      pensions, estates, trusts, annuities
      or any other survivors benefits
 U HSUR-YN = 1
 V          0 .Not in universe
 V          1 .Yes
 V          2 .No

 D SUR-SC1     2    323  (00:10)
      Item 61C
      What was the source of this income
      Survivor's income - source 1
 U SUR-YN = 1
 V         00 .None or not in universe
 V         01 .Company or union survivor
              .pension
 V         02 .Federal government
 V         03 .US Military Retirement
              .survivor pension
 V         04 .State or local gov't survivor
              .pension
 V         05 .US Railroad Retirement
              .survivor pension
 V         06 .Worker's Compensation survivor
 V         07 .Not used
 V         08 .Regular payments from estates
              .or trusts
 V         09 .Regular payments from annuities or
              .paid-up life insurance
 V         10 .Other or don't know

 D SUR-SC2     2    325  (00:10)
      Item 61D
      Any other pension or retirement income
      Survivor's income - source 2
      (See source types in SUR-SC1 above)
 U SUR-YN = 1

 D SUR-VAL1    5    327  (00000:99999)
      Item 61E
      How much did ... receive from source 1
      (See SUR-SC1) during 19..
      Survivor's income - source 1
 U SUR-YN = 1
 V      00000 .None or not in universe
 V      00001-
 V      99999 .Survivor's income - source 1

 D SUR-VAL2    5    332  (00000:99999)
      Item 61G
      How much did ... receive from source 2
      (See SUR-SC2) during 19..
      Survivor's income - source 2
 U SUR-SC2 = 1+
 V      00000 .None or not in universe
 V      00001-
 V      99999 .Survivor's income - source 1

 D SRVS-VAL    6    337  (000000:199998)
      Recode total amount of survivor's
      income received
      (Combined amounts in SUR-VAL1 and
      SUR-VAL2)
 V     000000 .None or not in universe
 V    000001- .Survivor's income
       199998 .
 Source of Income - Disability Income

 D DIS-HP      1    343  (0:2)
      Item 62B
      Does ... have a health problem or  a
      disability which prevents him/her from
      working or which limits the kind or
      amount of work
 U HDIS-YN = 1
 V          0 .Not in universe
 V          1 .Yes
 V          2 .No

 D DIS-CS      1    344  (0:2)
      Item 62C
      Did ... retire or leave a job for
      health reasons
 U HDIS-YN = 1
 V          0 .Not in universe
 V          1 .Yes
 V          2 .No

 D DIS-YN      1    345  (0:2)
      Item 64B
      Other than social security or
      VA benefits did ... receive
      any income in 19.. as a result of
      health problems
 U DIS-HP = 1 or DIS-CS = 1
 V          0 .Not in universe
 V          1 .Yes
 V          2 .No

 D DIS-SC1     2    346  (00:10)
      Item 64C
      What was the source of income
      disability income - source 1
 U DIS-YN = 1
 V         00 .Not in universe
 V         01 .Worker's compensation
 V         02 .Company or union disability
 V         03 .Federal government disability
 V         04 .US Military Retirement Disability
 V         05 .State or local gov't employee
              .disability
 V         06 .US Railroad Retirement Disability
 V         07 .Accident or disability insurance
 V         08 .Not used
 V         09 .Not used
 V         10 .Other or don't know

 D DIS-SC2     2    348  (00:10)
      Item 64C
      Any other disability income
      Disability income - source 2
      (see DIS-SC1 for sources of disability)
 U DIS-YN = 1

 D DIS-VAL1    5    350  (00000:99999)
      Item 64E
      How much did ... receive from source 1
      (See DIS-SC1) during 19..
 U DIS-SC1 = 1+
 V      00000 .None or not in universe
 V     00001- .Disability income
        99999 .

 D DIS-VAL2    5    355  (00000:99999)
      Item 64G
      How much did ... receive from source 2
      (See DIS-SC2) during 19..
 U DIS-SC2 = 1+
 V      00000 .None or not in universe
 V     00001- .Disability income
       99999  .

 D DSAB-VAL    6    360  (000000:199998)
      Recode total amount of disability
      income received (Combined amounts in
      DIS-VAL1 and DIS-VAL2)
 V     000000 .None or not in universe
 V    000001- .Disability income
       199998 .
 Source of Income - Retirement Income

 D RET-YN      1    366  (0:2)
      Item 65B
      Other than Social Security or VA
      benefits, did ... receive
      any pension or retirement income
 U HRET-YN = 1
 V          0 .Not in universe
 V          1 .Yes
 V          2 .No

 D RET-SC1     1    367  (0:8)
      Item 65C
      What was the source of retirement
      income
      Retirement income - source 1
 U RET-YN = 1
 V          0 .None or not in universe
 V          1 .Company or union pension
 V          2 .Federal government retirement
 V          3 .US military retirement
 V          4 .State or local government
              .retirement
 V          5 .US Railroad Retirement
 V          6 .Regular payments from annuities
              .or paid insurance policies
 V          7 .Regular payments from IRA or
              .KEOGH accounts
 V          8 .Other sources or don't know

 D RET-SC2     1    368  (0:8)
      Item 65C
      Any other retirement income
      Retirement income - source 2
      (see RET-SC1 for sources of
      retirement)
 U RET-YN = 1

 D RET-VAL1    5    369   (00000:99999)
      Item 65E
      How much did ... receive from source
      type 1 (see RET-SC1) during 19..
 U RET-SC1 = 1+
 V      00000 .None or not in universe
 V     00001- .Retirement income
        99999 .

 D RET-VAL2    5    374   (00000:99999)
      Item 65G
      How much did ... receive from
      source type 2 (see RET-SC1) during 19..
 U RET-SC2 = 1+
 V      00000 .None or not in universe
 V      00001-99999 = retirement income

 D RTM-VAL     6    379  (000000:199998)
      Recode total amount of retirement
      income received (combined amounts in
      RET-VAL1 and RET-VAL2)
 V     000000 .None or not in universe
 V    000001- .Retirement income
       199998 .
 Source of Income - Interest Income

 D INT-YN      1    385  (0:2)
      Item 66B
      Did ... receive Interest
 U HINT-YN = 1
 V          0 .Not in universe
 V          1 .Yes
 V          2 .No

 D INT-VAL     5    386  (00000:99999)
      Item 66C
      How much did ... receive in interest
      from these sources during 19..,
      including small amounts credited to
      accounts
 U INT-YN = 1
 V     000000 .None or not in universe
 V     00001- .Interest income
        99999 .
 Source of Income - Dividends Income

 D DIV-YN      1    391  (0:2)
      Item 67B
      Did ... receive dividends
 U HDIV-YN = 1
 V          0 .Not in universe
 V          1 .Yes
 V          2 .No

 D DIV-NON     1    392  (0:1)
      Item 67C
      No dividends received
 U DIV-YN = 1
 V          0 .Not in universe
 V          1 .None

 D DIV-VAL     5    393  (00000:99999)
      Item 67C
      How much did ... receive in dividends
      from stocks (mutual funds) during 19..
 U DIV-YN = 1
 V      00000 .None or not in universe
 V     00001- .Dividends
        99999 .
 Source of Income - Rent Income

 D RNT-YN      1    398  (0:2)
      Item 68B
      Did ... receive rental income
 U HRNT-YN = 1
 V          0 .Not in universe
 V          1 .Yes
 V          2 .No

 D RNT-VAL     5    399  (-9999:99999)
      Item 68C
      How much did ... receive in income
      from rent after expenses during 19..
 U RNT-YN = 1
 V      00000 .None or not in universe
 V     -9999- .Rental income
        99999 .
 Source of Income - Education Assistance

 D ED-YN       1    404  (0:2)
      Item 69C
      Did ... receive educational assistance
 U HED-YN = 1
 V          0 .Not in universe
 V          1 .Yes
 V          2 .No

 D OED-TYP1    1    405  (0:2)
      Item 69D(1) and (2)
      Source of educational assistance
      government assistance
 U ED-YN = 1
 V          0 .Not in universe
 V          1 .Yes
 V          2 .No

 D OED-TYP2    1    406  (0:2)
      Item 69D(3)
      Source of educational assistance
      scholarships, grants etc. from the school
 U ED-YN = 1
 V          0 .Not in universe
 V          1 .Yes
 V          2 .No

 D OED-TYP3    1    407  (0:2)
      Item 69D(4)
      Source of educational assistance
      other assistance(employers
      friends, etc.)
 U ED-YN = 1
 V          0 .Not in universe
 V          1 .Yes
 V          2 .No

 D ED-VAL      5    408  (00000:99999)
      Item 69H
      Total amount of educational
      assistance received
 U ED-YN = 1
 V      00000 .None or not in universe
 V     00001- .Educational assistance
        99999 .

 D FILLER      1    413
      Blank Filler
 Source of Income - Child support

 D CSP-YN      1    414  (0:2)
      Item 70B
      Did ... receive child support payments
 U HCSP-YN = 1
 V          0 .Not in universe
 V          1 .Yes
 V          2 .No

 D CSP-VAL     5    415  (00000:99999)
      Item 70C
      How much did ... receive in child
      support payments
 U CSP-YN = 1
 V      00000 .None or not in universe
 V     00001- .Child support
        99999 .
 Source of Income - Alimony

 D ALM-YN      1    420  (0:2)
      Item 71B
      Did ... receive alimony payments
 U HALM-YN = 1
 V          0 .Not in universe
 V          1 .Yes
 V          2 .No

 D ALM-VAL     5    421  (00000:99999)
      Item 71C
      How much did ... receive in alimony
      income during 19..
 U ALM-YN = 1
 V      00000 .None or not in universe
 V     00001- .Alimony income
        99999 .
 Source of Income - Financial Assistance

 D FIN-YN      1    426  (0:2)
      Item 72B
      Did ... receive financial assistance
 U HFIN-YN = 1
 V          0 .Not in universe
 V          1 .Yes
 V          2 .No

 D FIN-VAL     5    427  (00000:99999)
      Item 72C
      How much did ... receive in financial
      assistance income during 19..
 U FIN-YN = 1
 V      00000 .None or not in universe
 V     00001- .Financial assistance income
        99999 .
 Source of Income - Other Income

 D OI-OFF      2    432  (00:19)
      Item 73C
 U OI-YN = 1
 V         00 .Not in universe
 V         01 .Social Security
 V         02 .Private pensions
 V         03 .AFDC
 V         04 .Other public assistance
 V         05 .Interest
 V         06 .Dividends
 V         07 .Rents or royalties
 V         08 .Estates or trusts
 V         09 .State disability payments
              .(worker's compensation)
 V         10 .Disabilty payments (own insur.)
 V         11 .Unemployment compensation
 V         12 .Strike benefits
 V         13 .Annuities or paid up insurance
              .policies
 V         14 .Not income
 V         15 .Longest job
 V         16 .Wages or salary
 V         17 .Nonfarm self-employment
 V         18 .Farm self-employment
 V         19 .Anything else

 D OI-YN       1    434  (0:2)
      Item 73B
      Did ... receive other income
 U HOI-YN = 1
 V          0 .Not in universe
 V          1 .Yes
 V          2 .No

 D OI-VAL      5    435  (00000:99999)
      Item 73D
      How much did ... receive in other
      incomes
 U OI-YN = 1
 V      00000 .None or not in universe
 V     00001- .Other income
        99999 .
 Summary Income Values by Type

 D PTOTVAL     8    440  (-389961:599994)
      Recode - Total persons income
      (PEARNVAL and POTHVAL)
 V          0 .None
 V    Neg Amt .Income (loss)
 V    Pos Amt .Income

 D PEARNVAL    8    448  (-389961:299997)
      Recode - Total persons earnings
      (WSAL-VAL,SEMP-VAL,FRSE-VAL)
 V          0 .None
 V    Neg Amt .Income (loss)
 V    Pos Amt .Income

 D FILLER      1    456
      Blank Filler

 D POTHVAL     8    457  (-389961:299997)
      Recode - Total other persons income
      (all income except PEARNVAL)
 V          0 .None
 V    Neg Amt .Income (loss)
 V    Pos Amt .Income

 D FL-665      1    465  (0:3)
 U All persons
 V          0 .No 665 person match
 V          1 .665 person match
 V          2 .Non-interview 665 matched to
 V            .CPS household
 V          3 .Match not enough data
Person Recodes

 D PTOT-R      2    466  (00:41)
      Recode - Total person income recode
 V         00 .Not in universe
 V         01 .Under $2,500
 V         02 .$2,500 to $4,999
 V         03 .$5,000 to $7,499
 V         04 .$7,500 to $9,999
 V         05 .$10,000 to $12,499
 V         06 .$12,500 to $14,999
 V         07 .$15,000 to $17,499
 V         08 .$17,500 to $19,999
 V         09 .$20,000 to $22,499
 V         10 .$22,500 to $24,999
 V         11 .$25,000 to $27,499
 V         12 .$27,500 to $29,999
 V         13 .$30,000 to $32,499
 V         14 .$32,500 to $34,999
 V         15 .$35,000 to $37,499
 V         16 .$37,500 to $39,999
 V         17 .$40,000 to $42,499
 V         18 .$42,500 to $44,999
 V         19 .$45,000 to $47,499
 V         20 .$47,500 to $49,999
 V         21 .$50,000 to $52,499
 V         22 .$52,500 to $54,999
 V         23 .$55,000 to $57,499
 V         24 .$57,500 to $59,999
 V         25 .$60,000 to $62,499
 V         26 .$62,500 to $64,999
 V         27 .$65,000 to $67,499
 V         28 .$67,500 to $69,999
 V         29 .$70,000 to $72,499
 V         30 .$72,500 to $74,999
 V         31 .$75,000 to $77,499
 V         32 .$77,500 to $79,999
 V         33 .$80,000 to $82,499
 V         34 .$82,500 to $84,999
 V         35 .$85,000 to $87,499
 V         36 .$87,500 to $89,999
 V         37 .$90,000 to $92,499
 V         38 .$92,500 to $94,999
 V         39 .$95,000 to $97,499
 V         40 .$97,500 to $99,999
 V         41 .$100,000 and over


 D PERLIS      1    468   (1:4)
      Recode - Low-income level of persons
      (subfamily members have primary
      family recode)
 V          1 .Below low-income level
 V          2 .100 - 124 percent of the
              .low-income level
 V          3 .125 - 149 percent of the
              .low-income level
 V          4 .150 percent and above the
              .low-income level
Edited Noncash Benefit Items -  All Persons

 D MCARE       1    469  (1:2)
      Item 74B
      Was ... covered by Medicare
 U HMCARE = 1
 V          0 .Not in universe
              .(Children under 15)
 V          1 .Yes
 V          2 .No

 D MCAID       1    470  (1:2)
      (See CH-MC for additional
      coverage of children < 15)
      Item 74D
      Was ... covered by Medicaid
 U HMCAID = 1
 V          1 .Yes
 V          2 .No

 D CHAMP       1    471  (1:2)
      Item 74F
      Was ... covered by CHAMPUS, VA, or
      military health care
 U HCHAMP = 1
 V          1 .Yes
 V          2 .No

 D HI-YN       1    472  (0:2)
      Item 75B
      Was ... covered by private health
      insurance plan
 U HHI-YN = 1
 V          0 .Not in universe
 V          1 .Yes
 V          2 .No

 D HIOWN       1    473  (0:2)
      Item 75C
      Was this health insurance plan coverage
      in ...'s own nam
 U HI-YN = 1
 V          0 .Not in universe
 V          1 .Yes
 V          2 .No

 D HIEMP       1    474  (0:2)
      Item 75D
      Was this health insurance plan
      offered through ...'s current or former
      employer or union
 U HIOWN = 1
 V          0 .Not in universe
 V          1 .Yes
 V          2 .No

 D HIPAID      1    475  (0:3)
      Item 75E
      Did ...'s employer or union pay for
      all, part, or none of the cost of
      this health plan
 U HIEMP = 1
 V          0 .Not in universe
 V          1 .All
 V          2 .Part
 V          3 .None

   HIELSE1 through HIELSE5
   Other than ... who else in this
   household was covered by this health
   insurance policy

 D HIELSE1     1    476  (0:2)
      Item 75F
      Spouse
 U HIOWN = 1
 V          0 .Not in universe
 V          1 .Yes
 V          2 .No

 D HIELSE2     1    477  (0:2)
      Item 75F
      Children in household
 U HIOWN = 1
 V          0 .Not in universe
 V          1 .Yes
 V          2 .No

 D HIELSE3     1    478  (0:2)
      Item 75F
      Children not in household
 U HIOWN = 1
 V          0 .Not in universe
 V          1 .Yes
 V          2 .No

 D HIELSE4     1    479  (0:2)
      Item 75F
      Other
 U HIOWN = 1
 V          0 .Not in universe
 V          1 .Yes
 V          2 .No

 D HIELSE5     1    480  (0:2)
      Item 75F
      Self only (No one else)
 U HIOWN = 1
 V          0 .Not in universe
 V          1 .Yes
 V          2 .No

 D WRK-CK      1    481  (0:2)
      Item 76
      Interviewer check item
      worked last year
 U WORKYN = 1 or WTEMP = 1
 V          0 .Not in universe
 V          1 .Yes
 V          2 .No

 D PENPLAN     1    482  (0:2)
      Item 76A
      Other than Social Security did the
      employer or union that ... worked for
      in 19.. have a pension or other
      type of retirement plan for any of the
      employees
 U WRK-CK = 1
 V          0 .Not in universe
 V          1 .Yes
 V          2 .No

 D PENINCL     1    483  (0:2)
      Item 76B
      Was ... included in that plan
 U PENPLAN = 1
 V          0 .Not in universe
 V          1 .Yes
 V          2 .No

 D COV-GH      1    484  (1:2)
      (See CH-HI = 2 for additional
      coverage of children < 15)
     Recode - Includes dependents included
      in group health
 U All persons
 V          1 .Yes
 V          2 .No

 D COV-HI      1    485  (1:2)
      (See CH-HI = 1 for additional
      coverage of children < 15)
      Recode - Includes dependents covered
      by private health insurance
 U All persons
 V          1 .Yes
 V          2 .No

 D CH-MC       1    486  (0:2)
      Item 80
      Recode - Child covered by Medicare or
      Medicaid.  (Is interpreted in Census
      Bureau tabulations as Medicaid.)
 U A-AGE less than 15
 V          0 .Not child's record
 V          1 .Yes
 V          2 .No

 D CH-HI       1    487  (0:3)
      Items 81-81A
      Recode - Child covered by health
      insurance.
 U A-AGE less than 15
 V          0 .Not child's record
 V          1 .Covered by person in household
              .(Interpreted by Census Bureau
              .as private health)
 V          2 .Covered by person outside of
              .household
              .(Interpreted by Census Bureau
               as group health)
 V          3 .Not covered
Allocation Flags for Basic CPS - Edited and Allocated Items

 D A%LINENO    1    488  (0:3)
      Line number allocation flag
 V          0 .No change
 V          2 .Blank to value
 V          3 .Value to value

 D A%RRP       1    489  (0:5)
      Relationship to reference person
      allocation flag
 V          0 .No change
 V          2 .Blank to value
 V          3 .Value to value
 V          5 .Value to value - no error

 D A%PARENT    1    490  (0:5)
      Parent's line number allocation flag
 V          0 .No change
 V          2 .Blank to value
 V          3 .Value to value
 V          5 .Value to value - no error

 D A%AGE       1    491  (0:4)
      Age allocation flag
 V          0 .No change
 V          2 .Blank to value
 V          4 .Allocated

 D A%MARITL    1    492  (0:5)
      Marital status allocation flag
 V          0 .No change
 V          2 .Blank to value
 V          3 .Value to value
 V          4 .Allocated
 V          5 .Value to value - no error

 D A%SPOUSE    1    493  (0:5)
      Spouse's line number allocation flag
 V          0 .No change
 V          2 .Blank to value
 V          3 .Value to value
 V          5 .Value to value - no error

 D A%SEX       1    494  (0:4)
      Sex allocation flag
 V          0 .No change
 V          2 .Blank to value
 V          3 .Value to value
 V          4 .Allocated

 D A%VET       1    495  (0:4)
      Veteran status allocation flag
 V          0 .No change
 V          2 .Blank to value
 V          3 .Value to value
 V          4 .Allocated

 D A%HGA       1    496  (0:4)
      Highest grade attended allocation flag
 V          0 .No change
 V          4 .Allocated

 D A%HGC       1    497  (0:2)
      Highest grade completed allocation flag
 V          0 .No change
 V          2 .Blank to value

 D A%RACE      1    498  (0:4)
      Race allocation flag
 V          0 .No change
 V          2 .Blank to value
 V          4 .Allocated

 D A%ORIGIN    1    499  (0:8)
      Origin allocation flag
 V          0 .No change
 V          2 .Blank to value
 V          5 .Value to value - no error
 V          8 .Blank to n/a code

 D A%LFSR      1    500  (0:4)
      Labor force status recode allocation
      flag
 V          0 .No change or children
              .or Armed Forces
 V          1 .Value to blank
 V          2 .Blank to value
 V          3 .Value to value
 V          4 .Allocated

 D A%MAJACT    1    501  (0:4)
 V          0 .No change or children
              .or Armed Forces
 V          1 .Value to blank
 V          2 .Blank to value
 V          3 .Value to value
 V          4 .Allocated
 D A%ANYWK     1    502  (0:4)
 V          0 .No change or children
              .or Armed Forces
 V          1 .Value to blank
 V          2 .Blank to value
 V          3 .Value to value
 V          4 .Allocated

 D A%HRS       1    503  (0:4)
 V          0 .No change or children
              .or Armed Forces
 V          1 .Value to blank
 V          2 .Blank to value
 V          3 .Value to value
 V          4 .Allocated

 D A%HRSCHK    1    504  (0:4)
 V          0 .No change or children
              .or Armed Forces
 V          1 .Value to blank
 V          2 .Blank to value
 V          3 .Value to value
 V          4 .Allocated

 D A%USLFT     1    505  (0:4)
 V          0 .No change or children
              .or Armed Forces
 V          1 .Value to blank
 V          2 .Blank to value
 V          3 .Value to value
 V          4 .Allocated

 D A%FTREAS    1    506  (0:4)
 V          0 .No change or children
              .or Armed Forces
 V          1 .Value to blank
 V          2 .Blank to value
 V          3 .Value to value
 V          4 .Allocated

 D A%LOSTIM    1    507  (0:4)
 V          0 .No change or children
              .or Armed Forces
 V          1 .Value to blank
 V          2 .Blank to value
 V          3 .Value to value
 V          4 .Allocated

 D A%OVRTIM    1    508  (0:4)
 V          0 .No change or children
              .or Armed Forces
 V          1 .Value to blank
 V          2 .Blank to value
 V          3 .Value to value
 V          4 .Allocated

 D A%JOBABS    1    509  (0:4)
 V          0 .No change or children
              .or Armed Forces
 V          1 .Value to blank
 V          2 .Blank to value
 V          3 .Value to value
 V          4 .Allocated

 D A%WHYABS    1    510  (0:4)
 V          0 .No change or children
              .or Armed Forces
 V          1 .Value to blank
 V          2 .Blank to value
 V          3 .Value to value
 V          4 .Allocated

 D A%PAYABS    1    511  (0:4)
 V          0 .No change or children
              .or Armed Forces
 V          1 .Value to blank
 V          2 .Blank to value
 V          3 .Value to value
 V          4 .Allocated

 D A%FTABS     1    512  (0:4)
 V          0 .No change or children
              .or Armed Forces
 V          1 .Value to blank
 V          2 .Blank to value
 V          3 .Value to value
 V          4 .Allocated

 D A%LKWK      1    513  (0:4)
 V          0 .No change or children
              .or Armed Forces
 V          1 .Value to blank
 V          2 .Blank to value
 V          3 .Value to value
 V          4 .Allocated

 D A%MTHD      1    514  (0:4)
 V          0 .No change or children
              .or Armed Forces
 V          1 .Value to blank
 V          2 .Blank to value
 V          3 .Value to value
 V          4 .Allocated

 D A%WHYLK     1    515  (0:4)
 V          0 .No change or children
              .or Armed Forces
 V          1 .Value to blank
 V          2 .Blank to value
 V          3 .Value to value
 V          4 .Allocated

 D A%WKSLK     1    516  (0:4)
 V          0 .No change or children
              .or Armed Forces
 V          1 .Value to blank
 V          2 .Blank to value
 V          3 .Value to value
 V          4 .Allocated

 D A%LKFTPT    1    517  (0:4)
 V          0 .No change or children
              .or Armed Forces
 V          1 .Value to blank
 V          2 .Blank to value
 V          3 .Value to value
 V          4 .Allocated

 D A%AVAIL     1    518  (0:4)
 V          0 .No change or children
              .or Armed Forces
 V          1 .Value to blank
 V          2 .Blank to value
 V          3 .Value to value
 V          4 .Allocated

 D A%WHYNA     1    519  (0:4)
 V          0 .No change or children
              .or Armed Forces
 V          1 .Value to blank
 V          2 .Blank to value
 V          3 .Value to value
 V          4 .Allocated

 D A%WHENLJ    1    520  (0:4)
 V          0 .No change or children
              .or Armed Forces
 V          1 .Value to blank
 V          2 .Blank to value
 V          3 .Value to value
 V          4 .Allocated

 D A%IND       1    521  (0:4)
 V          0 .No change or children
              .or Armed Forces
 V          1 .Value to blank
 V          2 .Blank to value
 V          3 .Value to value
 V          4 .Allocated

 D A%OCC       1    522  (0:4)
 V          0 .No change or children
              .or Armed Forces
 V          1 .Value to blank
 V          2 .Blank to value
 V          3 .Value to value
 V          4 .Allocated

 D A%CLSWKR    1    523  (0:4)
 V          0 .No change or children
              .or Armed Forces
 V          1 .Value to blank
 V          2 .Blank to value
 V          3 .Value to value
 V          4 .Allocated

 D A%CHKWJ     1    524  (0:4)
 V          0 .No change or children
              .or Armed Forces
 V          1 .Value to blank
 V          2 .Blank to value
 V          3 .Value to value
 V          4 .Allocated

 D A%NLFROT    1    525  (0:4)
 V          0 .No change or children
              .or Armed Forces
 V          1 .Value to blank
 V          2 .Blank to value
 V          3 .Value to value
 V          4 .Allocated

 D A%NLFLJ     1    526  (0:4)
 V          0 .No change or children
              .or Armed Forces
 V          1 .Value to blank
 V          2 .Blank to value
 V          3 .Value to value
 V          4 .Allocated

 D A%WHYLFT    1    527  (0:4)
 V          0 .No change or children
              .or Armed Forces
 V          1 .Value to blank
 V          2 .Blank to value
 V          3 .Value to value
 V          4 .Allocated

 D A%WANTJB    1    528  (0:4)
 V          0 .No change or children
              .or Armed Forces
 V          1 .Value to blank
 V          2 .Blank to value
 V          3 .Value to value
 V          4 .Allocated

 D A%WHYNL     1    529  (0:4)
 V          0 .No change or children
              .or Armed Forces
 V          1 .Value to blank
 V          2 .Blank to value
 V          3 .Value to value
 V          4 .Allocated

 D A%INTEND    1    530  (0:4)
 V          0 .No change or children
              .or Armed Forces
 V          1 .Value to blank
 V          2 .Blank to value
 V          3 .Value to value
 V          4 .Allocated

 D A%EARNRT    1    531  (0:4)
 V          0 .No change or children
              .or Armed Forces
 V          1 .Value to blank
 V          2 .Blank to value
 V          3 .Value to value
 V          4 .Allocated

 D A%USLHRS    1    532  (0:4)
 V          0 .No change or children
              .or Armed Forces
 V          1 .Value to blank
 V          2 .Blank to value
 V          3 .Value to value
 V          4 .Allocated

 D A%HRLYWK    1    533  (0:4)
 V          0 .No change or children
              .or Armed Forces
 V          1 .Value to blank
 V          2 .Blank to value
 V          3 .Value to value
 V          4 .Allocated

 D A%HRSPAY    1    534  (0:4)
 V          0 .No change or children
              .or Armed Forces
 V          1 .Value to blank
 V          2 .Blank to value
 V          3 .Value to value
 V          4 .Allocated

 D A%GRSWK     1    535  (0:4)
 V          0 .No change or children
              .or Armed Forces
 V          1 .Value to blank
 V          2 .Blank to value
 V          3 .Value to value
 V          4 .Allocated

 D A%UNMEM     1    536  (0:4)
 V          0 .No change or children
              .or Armed Forces
 V          1 .Value to blank
 V          2 .Blank to value
 V          3 .Value to value
 V          4 .Allocated

 D A%UNCOV     1    537  (0:4)
 V          0 .No change or children
              .or Armed Forces
 V          1 .Value to blank
 V          2 .Blank to value
 V          3 .Value to value
 V          4 .Allocated

 D A%ENRCHK    1    538  (0:4)
 V          0 .No change or children
              .or Armed Forces
 V          1 .Value to blank
 V          2 .Blank to value
 V          3 .Value to value
 V          4 .Allocated

 D A%ENRLW     1    539  (0:4)
 V          0 .No change or children
              .or Armed Forces
 V          1 .Value to blank
 V          2 .Blank to value
 V          3 .Value to value
 V          4 .Allocated

 D A%HSCOL     1    540  (0:4)
 V          0 .No change or children
              .or Armed Forces
 V          1 .Value to blank
 V          2 .Blank to value
 V          3 .Value to value
 V          4 .Allocated

 D A%FTPT      1    541  (0:4)
 V          0 .No change or children
              .or Armed Forces
 V          1 .Value to blank
 V          2 .Blank to value
 V          3 .Value to value
 V          4 .Allocated
Allocation Flags for March Supplement - Edited and Allocated Ite

 D I-ERNYN     1    542  (0:1)
 V          0 .No change or children
 V          1 .Allocated

 D I-ERNVAL    1    543  (0:1)
 V          0 .No change or children
 V          1 .Allocated

 D I-WSYN      1    544  (0:1)
 V          0 .No change or children
 V          1 .Allocated

 D I-WSVAL     1    545  (0:1)
 V          0 .No change or children
 V          1 .Allocated

 D I-SEYN      1    546  (0:1)
 V          0 .No change or children
 V          1 .Allocated

 D I-SEVAL     1    547  (0:1)
 V          0 .No change or children
 V          1 .Allocated

 D I-FRMYN     1    548  (0:1)
 V          0 .No change or children
 V          1 .Allocated

 D I-FRMVAL    1    549  (0:1)
 V          0 .No change or children
 V          1 .Allocated

 D I-UCYN      1    550  (0:1)
 V          0 .No change or children
 V          1 .Allocated

 D I-UCVAL     1    551  (0:1)
 V          0 .No change or children
 V          1 .Allocated

 D I-WCYN      1    552  (0:1)
 V          0 .No change or children
 V          1 .Allocated

 D I-WCTYP     1    553  (0:1)
 V          0 .No change or children
 V          1 .Allocated

 D I-WCVAL     1    554  (0:1)
 V          0 .No change or children
 V          1 .Allocated

 D I-SSYN      1    555  (0:1)
 V          0 .No change or children
 V          1 .Allocated

 D I-SSVAL     1    556  (0:1)
 V          0 .No change or children
 V          1 .Allocated

 D I-SSIYN     1    557  (0:1)
 V          0 .No change or children
 V          1 .Allocated

 D I-SSIVAL    1    558  (0:1)
 V          0 .No change or children
 V          1 .Allocated

 D I-PAWYN     1    559  (0:1)
 V          0 .No change or children
 V          1 .Allocated

 D I-PAWTYP    1    560  (0:1)
 V          0 .No change or children
 V          1 .Allocated

 D I-PAWVAL    1    561  (0:1)
 V          0 .No change or children
 V          1 .Allocated

 D I-PAWMO     1    562  (0:1)
 V          0 .No change or children
 V          1 .Allocated

 D I-VETYN     1    563  (0:1)
 V          0 .No change or children
 V          1 .Allocated

 D I-VETTYP    1    564  (0:1)
 V          0 .No change or children
 V          1 .Allocated

 D I-VETVAL    1    565  (0:1)
 V          0 .No change or children
 V          1 .Allocated

 D I-VETQVA    1    566  (0:1)
 V          0 .No change or children
 V          1 .Allocated

 D I-SURYN     1    567  (0:1)
 V          0 .No change or children
 V          1 .Allocated

 D I-SURTYP    1    568  (0:1)
 V          0 .No change or children
 V          1 .Allocated

 D I-SURSC1    1    569  (0:1)
 V          0 .No change or children
 V          1 .Allocated

 D I-SURSC2    1    570  (0:1)
 V          0 .No change or children
 V          1 .Allocated

 D I-SURVL1    1    571  (0:1)
 V          0 .No change or children
 V          1 .Allocated

 D I-SURVL2    1    572  (0:1)
 V          0 .No change or children
 V          1 .Allocated

 D I-DISSC1    1    573  (0:1)
 V          0 .No change or children
 V          1 .Allocated

 D I-DISSC2    1    574  (0:1)
 V          0 .No change or children
 V          1 .Allocated

 D I-DISHP     1    575  (0:1)
 V          0 .No change or children
 V          1 .Allocated

 D I-DISCS     1    576  (0:1)
 V          0 .No change or children
 V          1 .Allocated

 D I-DISYN     1    577  (0:1)
 V          0 .No change or children
 V          1 .Allocated

 D I-DISTYP    1    578  (0:1)
 V          0 .No change or children
 V          1 .Allocated

 D I-DISVL1    1    579  (0:1)
 V          0 .No change or children
 V          1 .Allocated

 D I-DISVL2    1    580  (0:1)
 V          0 .No change or children
 V          1 .Allocated

 D I-RETYN     1    581  (0:1)
 V          0 .No change or children
 V          1 .Allocated

 D I-RETSC1    1    582  (0:1)
 V          0 .No change or children
 V          1 .Allocated

 D I-RETSC2    1    583  (0:1)
 V          0 .No change or children
 V          1 .Allocated

 D I-RETVL1    1    584  (0:1)
 V          0 .No change or children
 V          1 .Allocated

 D I-RETVL2    1    585  (0:1)
 V          0 .No change or children
 V          1 .Allocated

 D I-INTYN     1    586  (0:1)
 V          0 .No change or children
 V          1 .Allocated

 D I-INTVAL    1    587  (0:1)
 V          0 .No change or children
 V          1 .Allocated

 D I-DIVYN     1    588  (0:1)
 V          0 .No change or children
 V          1 .Allocated

 D I-DIVVAL    1    589  (0:1)
 V          0 .No change or children
 V          1 .Allocated
 D I-RNTYN     1    590  (0:1)
 V          0 .No change or children
 V          1 .Allocated

 D I-RNTVAL    1    591  (0:2)
 V          0 .No change or children
 V          1 .Allocated

 D I-EDYN      1    592  (0:1)
 V          0 .No change or children
 V          1 .Allocated

 D I-EDTYP1    1    593  (0:1)
 V          0 .No change or children
 V          1 .Allocated

 D I-EDTYP2    1    594  (0:1)
 V          0 .No change or children
 V          1 .Allocated

 D I-OEDVAL    1    595  (0:1)
 V          0 .No change or children
 V          1 .Allocated

 D I-CSPYN     1    596  (0:1)
 V          0 .No change or children
 V          1 .Allocated

 D I-CSPVAL    1    597  (0:1)
 V          0 .No change or children
 V          1 .Allocated

 D I-ALMYN     1    598  (0:1)
 V          0 .No change or children
 V          1 .Allocated

 D I-ALMVAL    1    599  (0:1)
 V          0 .No change or children
 V          1 .Allocated

 D I-FINYN     1    600  (0:1)
 V          0 .No change or children
 V          1 .Allocated

 D I-FINVAL    1    601  (0:1)
 V          0 .No change or children
 V          1 .Allocated

 D I-OIVAL     1    602  (0:1)
 V          0 .No change or children
 V          1 .Allocated

 D I-NWLOOK    1    603  (0:1)
 V          0 .No change or children
 V          1 .Allocated

 D I-NWLKWK    1    604  (0:1)
 V          0 .No change or children
 V          1 .Allocated

 D I-RSNNOT    1    605  (0:1)
 V          0 .No change or children
 V          1 .Allocated

 D I-LOSEWK    1    606  (0:1)
 V          0 .No change or children
 V          1 .Allocated

 D I-LKWEEK    1    607  (0:1)
 V          0 .No change or children
 V          1 .Allocated

 D I-LKSTR     1    608  (0:1)
 V          0 .No change or children
 V          1 .Allocated

 D I-PYRSN     1    609  (0:1)
 V          0 .No change or children
 V          1 .Allocated

 D I-PHMEMP    1    610  (0:1)
 V          0 .No change or children
 V          1 .Allocated

 D I-HRSWK     1    611  (0:1)
 V          0 .No change or children
 V          1 .Allocated

 D I-HRCHK     1    612  (0:1)
 V          0 .No change or children
 V          1 .Allocated

 D I-PTYN      1    613  (0:1)
 V          0 .No change or children
 V          1 .Allocated

 D I-PTWKS     1    614  (0:1)
 V          0 .No change or children
 V          1 .Allocated

 D I-PTRSN     1    615  (0:1)
 V          0 .No change or children
 V          1 .Allocated

 D I-LJCW      1    616  (0:1)
 V          0 .No change or children
 V          1 .Allocated

 D I-INDUS     1    617  (0:1)
 V          0 .No change or children
 V          1 .Allocated

 D I-OCCUP     1    618  (0:1)
 V          0 .No change or children
 V          1 .Allocated

 D I-WORKYN    1    619  (0:1)
 V          0 .No change or children
 V          1 .Allocated

 D I-WTEMP     1    620  (0:1)
 V          0 .No change or children
 V          1 .Allocated

 D I-WKSWK     1    621  (0:1)
 V          0 .No change or children
 V          1 .Allocated

 D I-WKCHK     1    622  (0:1)
 V          0 .No change or children
 V          1 .Allocated

 D I-ERNSRC    1    623  (0:1)
 V          0 .No change or children
 V          1 .Allocated

 D I-NOEMP     1    624  (0:1)
 V          0 .No change or children
 V          1 .Allocated

 D I-MCARE     1    625  (0:2)
 V          0 .No change or children
 V          1 .Allocated
 V          2. Not allocated

 D I-MCAID     1    626  (0:2)
 V          0 .No change or children
 V          1 .Allocated
 V          2. Not allocated

 D I-CHAMP     1    627  (0:2)
 V          0 .No change or children
 V          1 .Allocated

 D I-HIYN      1    628  (0:2)
 V          0 .No change or children
 V          1 .Allocated
 V          2. Not allocated

 D I-HIOWN     1    629  (0:1)
 V          0 .No change or children
 V          1 .Allocated

 D I-HIEMP     1    630  (0:1)
 V          0 .No change or children
 V          1 .Allocated

 D I-HIPAID    1    631  (0:1)
 V          0 .No change or children
 V          1 .Allocated

 D I-HIELSE    1    632  (0:1)
 V          0 .No change or children
 V          1 .Allocated

 D I-PENPLA    1    633  (0:1)
 V          0 .No change or children
 V          1 .Allocated

 D I-PENINC    1    634  (0:1)
 V          0 .No change or children
 V          1 .Allocated

 D I-MIG1      1    635  (0:2)
      Mobility status
 V          0 .No change or children
 V          1 .Allocated

 D I-MIG4      1    636  (0:3)
      Level of allocation
 V          0 .No change or children
 V          1 .MCD and below assigned/
              .allocated
 V          2 .County and below assigned/
              .allocated
 V          3 .State and below assigned/
              .allocated

    The maximum amount that may be shown
    is indicated in the range of Item.
    Any amount exceeding the maximum has
    been recoded to the maximum for
    persons 15+ years and over
    V         0 .Not topcoded
    V         1 .Value topcoded

 D TCERNVAL    1    637  (0:1)
      Earnings from employer or
      self-employment

 D TCWSVAL     1    638   (0:1)
      Wage and salary income suppression flag

 D TCSEVAL     1    639   (0:1)
      Nonfarm self employment income
      suppression flag

 D TCFFMVAL    1    640  . (0:1)
      Farm self employment income
      suppression flag

 D A-WERNTF    1    641  . (0:1)
      Current earnings - weekly pay

 D A-HERNTF    1    642  . (0:1)
      Current earnings - hourly pay

 D FILLER     14    643
      Blank Filler
GLOSSARY

Geographic Concepts

 Geographic Division. An area composed of contiguous States, with Alaska and
 Hawaii also included in one of the divisions. (A State is one of the 51 major
 political units in the United States.) The nine geographic divisions have
 been largely unchanged for the presentation of summary statistics since the
 1910 census.

 Regions. There are four regions: Northeast, Midwest (formerly North Central),
 West, and South. States and divisions within regions are presented below.

 NORTHEAST REGION

 New England Division             Middle Atlantic Division

       Connecticut                       New Jersey
       Maine                             New York
       Massachusetts                     Pennsylvania
       New Hampshire
       Rhode Island
       Vermont

 MIDWEST REGION

 East North Central Division       West North Central Division

        Illinois                         Iowa
        Indiana                          Kansas
        Michigan                         Minnesota
        Ohio                             Missouri
        Wisconsin                        Nebraska
                                         North Dakota
                                         South Dakota

 The Midwest Region was designated as the North Central Region until June 1964.

 WEST REGION

 Mountain Division                 Pacific Division

        Arizona                           Alaska
        Colorado                          California
        Idaho                             Hawaii
        Montana                           Oregon
        Nevada                            Washington.
        Utah
        Wyoming

 SOUTH REGION

 East South Central Division           West South Central Division

        Alabama                                Arkansas
        Kentucky                               Louisiana
        Mississippi                            Oklahoma
        Tennessee                              Texas

 South Atlantic Division

        Delaware
        District of Columbia
        Florida
        Georgia
        Maryland
        North Carolina
        South Carolina
        Virginia
        West Virginia

Subject Concepts
A-E

 Age. Age classification is based on the age of the person at his/her last
 birthday. The adult universe (i.e., population of marriageable age) is
 comprised of persons 15 years old and over for March supplement data and for
 CPS labor force data.

 Annuities. (See Income.)

 Armed Forces. Armed Forces members enumerated in off-base housing or on base
 with their families are included on the CPS data file in March. In addition
 to demographic and family data, only supplemental data on income are
 included for Air Forces members.

 Base Weight. The constant weight assigned to the sample (inverse of the
 sampling fraction) which is adjusted to produce the final weight.

 Civilian Labor Force. (See Labor Force.)

 Class of Worker. This refers to the broad classification of the person's
 employer. On the March file, these broad classifications for current jobs are
 private, government, self-employed, without pay, and never worked. Private
 and government workers are considered "wage and salary workers;" this
 classification scheme includes self-employed, incorporated persons in with
 "private" workers. For the longest job held last year, this class of worker
 scheme includes private; government by level/Federal, State, and local; self-
 employed incorporated, self-employed unincorporated or farm; and without pay.
 The wage and salary category for longest job held includes private,
 government (all levels), and self-employed incorporated.

 Dividends. (See Income.)

 Duration of Unemployment. Duration of unemployment represents the length of
 time (through the current survey week) during which persons classified as
 unemployed are continuously looking for work. For persons on layoff, duration
 of unemployment represents the number of full weeks since the termination of
 their most recent employment. A period of two weeks or more during which a
 person is employed or ceased looking for work is considered to break the
 continuity of the present period of seeking work. Average duration is an
 arithmetic mean computed from a distribution by single weeks of unemployment.

 Earners, Number of. The file includes all persons 15 years old and over in
 the household with $1 or more in wages and salaries, or $1 or more of a
 loss in net income from farm or nonfarm self- employment during the preceding
 year.

 Earnings Weight. Each person record in month-in-sample 4 and 8 contains an
 earnings weight for current earnings.

 Education. (See Years of School Completed.)

 Employed. (See Labor Force.)

 Energy Assistance Program. The Low-Income Home Energy Assistance Program
 provides financial assistance to qualified households to help them pay
 heating costs. The program is funded by the Federal government and
 administered by the States under broad guidelines. In some States a household
 may automatically be eligible for this program if the household receives
 (1) Aid to Families with Dependent Children, (2) Food Stamps,
 (3) Supplemental Security Income (SS1), and (4) certain Veterans' benefits.

 The energy assistance questions were asked for the first time in 1982.
 Questions asked in the March 1989 survey included (1) recipient since
 October 1,1988, and (2) total amount received during the reference period.

 ESR (Employment Status Recode). This classification is available for each
 civilian 15 years old and over according to his/her responses to the monthly
 (basic) labor force items in March.
F-G

 Family. A family is a group of two persons or more (one of whom is the
 householder) residing together and related by birth, marriage, or adoption.
 All such persons (including related subfamily members) are considered as
 members of one family. Beginning with the 1980 CPS, unrelated subfamilies
 (referred to in the past as secondary families) are no longer included in
 the count of families, nor are the members of unrelated subfamilies included
 in the count of family members.

 Family Household. A family household is a household maintained by a family
 (as defined above), and may include among the household members any unrelated
 persons (unrelated subfamily members and/or unrelated individuals) who may be
 residing there. The number of family households is equal to the number of
 families. The count of family household members differs from the count of
 family members, however, in that the family household members include all
 persons living in the household, whereas family members include only the
 householder and his/her relatives. (See the definition of Family).

 Family Weight. The weight on the family record is the March supplement weight
 of the householder or reference person. This weight on the primary family
 record should be used to tabulate the number of families.

 Farm Self-Employment Net Income. The term is defined as net money income
 (gross receipts minus operating expenses) from the operation of a farm by a
 person on his own account, as an owner, as a renter, or as a sharecropper.
 Gross receipts include the value of all products sold, government crop loans,
 money received from the rental of farm equipment to others, and incidental
 receipts from the sale of wood, sand, gravel, etc.

 Operation expenses include cost of feed, fertilizer, seed, and other farming
 supplies, cash wages paid to farm hands, depreciation charges, cash rent,
 interest on farm mortgages, farm building repairs, farm taxes (not State and
 Federal income taxes), etc. The value of fuel, food, or other farm products
 used for household living is not included as part of net income. Inventory
 changes are considered in determining net income only when they are accounted
 for in replies based on income tax returns or other official records which
 reflect inventory changes.

 Final Weight. Used in tabulating monthly labor force items. This weight
 should be used when producing estimates from the basic CPS data. It should
 not be used to tabulate March supplement data.

 Food Stamps. The Food Stamp Act of 1977 was enacted for the purpose of
 increasing the food purchasing power of eligible households through the use
 of coupons to purchase food. The Food and Nutrition Service of the U.S.
 Department of Agriculture (USDA) administers the Food Stamp Program through
 State and local welfare offices. The Food Stamp Program is the major national
 income support program which provides benefits to all low-income and low-
 resource households regardless of household characteristics (e.g., sex, age,
 disability, etc.). The questions on participation in the Food Stamp Program
 in the March CPS were designed to identify households in which one or more of
 the current members received food stamps during the previous calendar year.
 Once a food stamp household was identified, a question was asked to determine
 the number of current household members covered by food stamps during the
 previous calendar year. Questions were also asked about the number of months
 food stamps were received during the previous calendar year and the total
 face value of all food stamps received during that period.

 Full-Time Worker. Persons on full-time schedules include persons working 35
 hours or more, persons who worked 1-34 hours for noneconomic reasons (e.g.,
 illness) and usually work full-time, and persons "with a job but not at work"
 who usually work full-time.

 Group Health Insurance Coverage. Civilian persons 15 years old and over who
 worked in the previous calendar year and who participated in group health
 insurance plans provided by the employer or union were asked whether part or
 all of the health insurance premiums were paid for by the union or employer
 and the extent of persons covered.

 Additional questions were asked to determine if sample persons were covered
 by any other type of health insurance plan. These items are intended to
 measure retirees covered by continuing employer provided coverage and persons
 who purchased coverage on their own.

 Group Quarters. Group quarters are noninstitutional living arrangements for
 groups not living in conventional housing units or groups living in housing
 units containing nine or more persons unrelated to the person in charge.
H-J

 Head Versus Householder. Beginning with the March 1980 CPS, the Bureau of the
 Census discontinued the use of the terms "head of household" and "head of
 family." Instead, the terms "householder" and "family householder" are used.

 Highest Grade of School Attended. (See Years of School Completed.)

 Hours of Work. Hours of work statistics relate to the actual number of hours
 worked during the survey week. For example, a person who normally works 40
 hours a week but who is off on the Veterans Day holiday is reported as
 working 32 hours even though he is paid for the holiday.

 For persons working in more than one job, the figures relate to the number of
 hours worked in all jobs during the week. However, all the hours are credited
 to the major job.

 Household. A household consists of all the persons who occupy a house, an
 apartment, or other group of rooms, or a room, which constitutes a housing
 unit. A group of rooms or a single room is regarded as a housing unit when it
 is occupied as separate living quarters; that is, when the occupants do not
 live and eat with any other person in the structure, and when there is direct
 access from the outside or through a common hall. The count of households
 excludes persons living in group quarters, such as rooming houses, military
 barracks, and institutions. Inmates of institutions (mental hospitals, rest
 homes, correctional institutions, etc.) are not included in the survey.

 Household Weight. Household weight is the March Supplement weight of the
 householder. This weight should be used to tabulate estimates of households.

 Householder. The householder refers to the person (or one of the persons) in
 whose name the housing unit is owned or rented (maintained) or, if there is
 no such person, any adult member, excluding roomers, boarders, or paid
 employees. If the house is owned or rented jointly by a married couple, the
 householder may be either the husband or the wife. The person designated as
 the householder on the file is the "reference person" on the CPS-260 control
 card to whom the relationship of all other household members, if any, is
 recorded.

 Householder With No Other Relatives in Household. A householder who has no
 relatives living in the household. This is the entry for a person living
 alone. Another example is the designated householder of an apartment shared
 by two or more unrelated individuals.

 Householder With Other Relatives (Including Spouse) in Household. The person
 designated as householder if he/she has one or more relatives (including
 spouse) living in the household.

 Income. For each person in the sample who is 15 years old and over, questions
 are asked on the amount of money income received in the preceding calendar
 year from each of the following sources: (1) money wages or salary; (2) net
 income from nonfarm self-employment; (3) net income from farm self-employment;
 (4) Social Security or railroad retirement; (5) Supplemental Security Income;
 (6) public assistance or welfare payments; (7) interest (on savings or bonds);
 (8) dividends, income from estates or trusts, or net rental income; (9)
 veterans' payment or unemployment and workmen's compensation; (10) private
 pensions or government employee pensions; (11) alimony or child support,
 regular contributions from persons not living in the household, and other
 periodic income.

 Although income statistics refer to receipts during the preceding year, the
 characteristics of the person such as age, labor force status, etc., and
 the composition of households refer to the time of the survey. The income of
 the household does not include amounts received by persons who are members of
 the household during all or part of the income year if these persons no
 longer reside with the household at the time of enumeration. On the other
 hand, household income includes amounts reported by persons who did not
 reside with the household during the income year but who were members of the
 household at the time of enumeration.

 Data on consumer income collected in the CPS by the Bureau of the Census
 cover money income received (exclusive of certain money receipts such as
 capital gains) before payments for personal income taxes, Social Security,
 union dues, Medicare deductions, etc. Also, money income does not reflect the
 fact that some households receive part of their income in the form of non-
 money transfers such as food stamps, health benefits, subsidized housing, and
 energy assistance; that many farm households receive nonmoney income in the
 form of rent free housing and goods produced and consumed on the farm; or
 that nonmoney income is received by some nonfarm residents that often takes
 the form of the use of business transportation and facilities, or full or
 partial contributions for retirement programs, medical and educational
 expenses, etc. These elements should be considered when comparing income
 levels. Moreover, readers should be aware that for many different reasons
 there is a tendency in household surveys for respondents to under report
 their income. From an analysis of independently derived income estimates, it
 has been determined that wages and salaries tend to be much better reported
 than such income types as public assistance, Social Security, and net income
 from interest, dividends, rents, etc.

 Income Sources - Wages and Salary. Money wages or salary is defined as total
 money earnings received for work performed as an employee during the income
 year. It includes wages, salary, Armed Forces pay, commissions, tips, piece-
 rate payments, and cash bonuses earned, before deductions are made for taxes,
 bonds, pensions, union dues, etc. Earnings for self-employed incorporated
 businesses are considered wage and salary.

 Income Sources - Nonfarm Self-Employment. Net income from nonfarm self-
 employment is net money income (gross receipts minus expenses) from one's own
 business, professional enterprise, or partnership. Gross receipts include the
 value of all goods sold and services rendered. Expenses include costs of
 goods purchased, rent, heat, light, power, depreciation charges, wages and
 salaries paid, business taxes (not personal income taxes), etc. In general,
 inventory changes are considered in determining net income since replies
 based on income tax returns or other official records do reflect inventory
 changes. However, when values of inventory changes are not reported, net
 income figures exclusive of inventory changes are accepted. The value of
 saleable merchandise consumed by the proprietors of retail stores is not
 included as part of net income.

 Income Sources - Farm Self-Employment. Net income from farm self-employment
 is net money income (gross receipts minus operating expenses) from the
 operation of a farm by a person on his own account, as an owner, as a renter,
 or as a sharecropper. Gross receipts include the value of all products sold,
 government crop loans, money received from the rental of farm equipment to
 others, and incidental receipts from the sale of wood, sand, gravel, etc.

 Operating expenses include cost of feed, fertilizer, seed, and other farming
 supplies, cash wages paid to farm hands, depreciation charges, cash rent, in-
 terest on farm mortgages, farm building repairs, farm taxes (not State and
 Federal income taxes), etc. The value of fuel, food, or other farm products
 used for family living is not included as part of net income. In general,
 inventory changes are considered in determining net income only when they are
 accounted for in replies based on income tax returns or other official
 records which reflect inventory changes; otherwise, inventory changes are not
 taken into account.

 Income Sources - Social Security. Social Security includes Social Security
 pensions and survivors' benefits, and permanent disability insurance payments
 made by the Social Security Administration prior to deductions for medical
 insurance and railroad retirement insurance checks from the U.S. Government.
 "Medicare" reimbursements are not included.

 Income Sources - Supplemental Security Income. Supplemental Security Income
 includes payments made by Federal, State, and local welfare agencies to low
 income persons who are (1) aged (65 years old and over), (2) blind, or (3)
 disabled.

 Income Sources - Public Assistance. Public assistance or welfare payments
 include public assistance payments such as Aid to Families with Dependent
 Children and general assistance.

 Income Sources - Interest and Dividends. Interest, dividends, income from
 estates or trusts, net rental income or royalties include dividends from
 stockholdings or membership in associations, interest on savings or bonds,
 periodic receipts from estates or trust funds, net income from rental of a
 house, store, or other property to others, receipts from boarders or lodgers,
 and net royalties.

 Income Sources - Unemployment Compensation, Worker's Compensation, and
 Veterans' Payments. Unemployment compensation, veterans' payments, or
 worker's compensation includes: (1) unemployment compensation received from
 government unemployment insurance agencies or private companies during
 periods of unemployment and any strike benefits received from union funds;
 (2) money paid periodically by the Veterans Administration to disabled
 members of the Armed Forces or to survivors of deceased veterans, subsistence
 allowances paid to veterans for education and on-the-job training, as well as
 so-called "refunds" paid to ex-servicemen as GI insurance premiums; and (3)
 worker's compensation received periodically from public or private insurance
 companies for injuries incurred at work. The cost of this insurance must
 have been paid by the employer and not by the person.

 Income Sources - Private and Government Pensions and Annuities. Many
 employers and unions have established pension program their employees so that
 upon retirement the employee will receive regular income to replace his/her
 earnings. Many of these programs also provide income to the employees if he/
 she becomes severely disabled, or to his/her survivors if the employee dies.
 Other types of retirement income include annuities and paid up life insurance
 policies. Some people purchase annuities which yield a set amount over a
 certain number of years. Other people may convert their paid up life
 insurance policy into an annuity after they retire.

 Income Sources - Alimony and Child Support. Alimony is money received
 periodically from a former spouse following a divorce or separation. Child
 support is money received from a parent for the support of their children
 following a divorce or legal separation. Money received from relatives, other
 then the parent, or friends is not considered as child support.

 Receipts Not Counted As Income. Receipts from the following sources are not
 included as income: (1) money received from the sale of property, such as
 stocks, bonds, a house, or a car (unless the person is engaged in the
 business of selling such property, in which case the net proceeds is counted
 as income from self-employment); (2) withdrawals of bank deposits; (3) money
 borrowed; (4) tax refunds; (5) gifts; and (6) lump-sum inheritances of
 insurance payments. Industry, Occupation, and Class of Worker (I&O) - Current
 Job (basic data). For the employed, current job is the job held in the
 reference week (the week before the survey). Persons with two or more jobs
 are classified in the job at which they worked the most hours during the
 reference week. The unemployed are classified according to their latest full-
 time job lasting two or more weeks or by the job (either full-time or part-
 time) from which they were on layoff. The I & 0 questions are also asked of
 persons not in the labor force who are in the fourth and eighth months in
 sample and who have worked in the last five years. The occupation/industry
 classification system for the 1980 Census of Population was used to code
 March CPS data beginning with the March 1983 file.

 Industry, Occupation, and Class of Worker-Longest Job (supplement data).
 Longest job applies to the job held longest during the preceding year for
 persons who worked that year, without regard to their current employment sta-
 tus.

                              Character Position
                                                              Longest Job
 Subject                               Current or Most        LastYear
                                       Recent Full-Time Job   (WorkExperience)

 Industry      3 digit detailed        P49-51                  P151-153
               2-digit detailed        P52-53                  P322-323
                   (Recode)
               Major Group Recode      N/A                     P316-317
 Occupation    3-digit detailed        P56-58                  P154-156
               2-digit detailed        P54-55                  P318-319
                    (Recode)
               Major Group recode      N/A                     P320-321
 Class of Worker                       P59                      P314

 Job Seekers. All unemployed persons who made specific efforts to find a job
 sometime during the 4-week period preceding the survey week.
K-M

 Keeping House. Persons are classified as keeping house if they engage in own
 housework. This is one of the "not in labor force" classifications employment
 status recode (ESR) = 4.

 Labor Force. Persons are classified as in the labor force if they are
 employed, unemployed, or in the Armed Forces during the survey week. The
 "civilian labor force" includes all civilians classified as employed or
 unemployed. The file includes labor force data for civilians age 15 and over.
 However, the official definition of the civilian labor force is age 16 and
 over.

         1. Employed. Employed persons comprise (1) all civilians who, during
            the survey week did any work at all as paid employees or in their
            own business or profession, or on their own farm, or who work 15
            hours or more as unpaid workers on a farm or a business operated
            by a member of the family; and (2) all those who have jobs but who
            are not working because of illness, bad weather, vacation, or
            labor-management dispute, or because they are taking time off for
            personal reasons, whether or not they are seeking other jobs.
            These persons would have an Labor Force Status Recode (LFSR) of 1
            or 2 respectively in character 12 of the person record which
            designates "at work" and "with a job, but not at work." Each
            employed person is counted only once. Those persons who held more
            than one job are counted in the job at which they worked the
            greatest number of hours during the survey week. If they worked
            an equal number of hours at more than one job, they are counted
            at the job they held the longest.

         2. Unemployed. Unemployed persons are those civilians who, during the
            survey week, have no employment but are available for work, and
            (1) have engaged in any specific job seeking activity within the
            past 4 weeks such as registering at a public or private employment
            office, meeting with prospective employers, checking with friends
            or relatives, placing or answering advertisements, writing letters
            of application, or being on a union or professional register; (2)
            are waiting to be called back to a job from which they had been
            laid off; or (3) are waiting to report to a new wage or salary job
            within 30 days. These persons would have an LFSR code of 3 in
            character 12 of the person record. The unemployed includes job
            leavers, job losers, new job entrants, and job reentrants.

            a.   Job Leavers. Persons who quit or otherwise terminate their
                 employment voluntarily and immediately begin looking for
                 work.

             b.  Job Losers. Persons whose employment ends involuntarily, who
                 immediately begin looking for work, and those persons who
                 are already /on layoff.

             c.  New Job Entrants. Persons who never worked at a full-time job
                 lasting two weeks or longer.

             d.  Job Reentrants. Persons who previously worked at a full-time
                 job lasting two weeks or longer but are out of the labor
                 force prior to beginning to look for work.

         3. Not in Labor Force. All civilians 15 years old and over who are
            not classified as employed or unemployed. These persons are
            further classified as major activity: keeping house, going to
            school, unable to work because of long-term physical or mental
            illness, and other. The "other" group includes, for the most part,
            retired persons. Persons who report doing unpaid work in a family
            farm or business for less than 15 hours are also classified as not
            in the labor force.

            For persons not in the labor force, data on previous work
            experience, intentions to seek work again, desire for a job at the
            time of interview, and reasons for not looking for work are asked
            only in those households that are in the fourth and eighth months
            of the sample, i.e., the "outgoing" groups, those which had been
            in the sample for three previous months and would not be in for
            the subsequent month.

            These items are asked in question 24; see the questionnaire
            facsimile. Such persons have an LFSR code of 5-7 in character 12
            of the person record.

            Finally, it should be noted that the unemployment rate represents
            the number of persons unemployed as a percent of the civilian
            labor force 16 years old and over. This measure can also be
            computed for groups within the labor force classified by sex, age,
            marital status, race, etc. The job loser, job leaver, reentrant,
            and new entrant rates are each calculated as a percent of the
            civilian labor force 16 years old and over; the sum of the rates
            for the four groups thus equals the total unemployment rate.

 Layoff. A person who is unemployed but expects to be called back to a
 specific job. If he/she expects to be called back within 30 days, it is
 considered a temporary layoff; otherwise, it is an indefinite layoff.

 Looking for Work. A person who is trying to get work or trying to establish
 a business or profession.

 March Supplement Weight. The March supplement weight is on all person records
 and is used to produce "supplement" estimates; that is, income, work
 experience, migration, and family characteristic estimates.

 Marital Status. The marital status classification identifies four major
 categories: single (never married), married, widowed, and divorced. These
 terms refer to the marital status at the time of enumeration.

 The category "married" is further divided into "married, civilian spouse
 present," "married, Armed Force spouse present", "married, spouse absent,"
 "married, Armed Force spouse absent," and "separated." A person is classified
 as "married, spouse present" if the husband or wife is reported as a member
 of the household even though he or she may be temporarily absent on business
 or on vacation, visiting, in a hospital, etc., at the time of the
 enumeration. Persons reported as "separated" included those with legal
 separations, those living apart with intentions of obtaining a divorce, and
 other persons permanently or temporarily estranged from their spouses because
 of marital discord.

 For the purpose of this file, the group "other marital status" includes
 "widowed and divorced," "separated," and "other married, spouse absent."

 Medicare. The Medicare Program is designed to provide medical care for the
 aged and disabled. The Basic Hospital Insurance Plan (Part A) is designed to
 provide basic protection against hospital costs and related post-hospital
 services. This plan also covers many persons under 65 years old who receive
 Social Security or railroad retirement benefits based on long-term
 disability. Part A is financed jointly by employers and employees through
 Social Security payroll deductions. Qualified persons 65 years old and over
 who are not otherwise eligible for Part A benefits may pay premiums directly
 to obtain this coverage. The Medical Insurance Plan (Part B) is a voluntary
 plan which builds upon the hospital insurance protection provided by the
 basic plan. It provides insurance protection covering physicians' and
 surgeons' services and a variety of medical and other health services
 received either in hospitals or on an ambulatory basis. It is financed
 through monthly premium payments by each enrollee, and subsidized by Federal
 general revenue funds.

 The Medicare question on the March CPS attempted to identify all persons 15
 years old and over who were "covered" by Medicare at any time during the
 previous calendar year. The term "covered" means enrolled in the Medicare
 Program. In order to be counted, the person did not necessarily have to
 receive medical care paid for by Medicare.

 Medicaid. The Medicaid Program is designed to provide medical assistance to
 needy families with dependent children, and to aged, blind, or permanently
 and totally disabled individuals whose incomes and resources are insufficient
 to meet the costs of necessary medical services. The program is administered
 by State agencies through grants from the Health Care Financing Administra-
 tion of the Department of Health and Human Services. Funding for medical
 assistance payments consists of a combination of Federal, State, and in some
 cases, local funds.

 Medicaid is a categorical program with complex eligibility rules which vary
 from State to State. There are two basic groups of eligible individuals:
 the categorically eligible and the medically needy. The major categorically
 eligible groups are all Aid to Families with Dependent Children (AFDC)
 recipients and most Supplemental Security Income (SS1) recipients. Other
 categorically eligible groups are (1) those who meet basic State cash
 assistance eligibility rules/aged, blind, disabled, needy single parents with
 children, and, in some States, needy unemployed parents with children, but
 who are not currently receiving money payments; and (2) needy persons who
 meet categorical eligibility standards but are institutionalized for medical
 reasons (e.g., low-income elderly persons in nursing homes). However, such
 institutionalized persons are not included in the CPS universe and,
 therefore, are not reflected in these statistics.

 In roughly one-half of the States, coverage is extended to the medically
 needy/persons meeting categorical age, sex, or disability criteria, whose
 money incomes and assets exceed eligibility levels for cash assistance but
 are not sufficient to meet the cost of medical care. In such States,
 qualifying income and asset levels are usually above those set for cash
 assistance. Families with large medical expenses relative to their incomes
 and assets may also meet medically needy eligibility standards in these
 States.

 The Medicaid question on the March CPS attempted to identify all persons who
 were "covered" by Medicaid at any time during the previous calendar year.
 The term "covered" means enrolled in the Medicaid program, i.e., had a
 Medicaid medical assistance card, or incurred medical bills which were paid
 for by Medicaid. In order to be counted, the person did not have to receive
 medical care paid for by Medicaid.

 Alter data collection and creation of an initial microdata file, further
 refinements were made to assign Medicaid coverage to children. In this
 procedure all children under 21 years old in families were assumed to be
 covered by Medicaid if either the householder or spouse reported being
 covered by Medicaid (this procedure was required mainly because the Medicaid
 coverage question was asked only for persons 15 years old and over). All
 adult AFDC recipients and their children, and SS1 recipients living in States
 which legally require Medicaid coverage of all SS1 recipients, were also
 assigned coverage.

 Mobility Status. The population of the United States, 15 years old and over,
 is classified according to mobility status on the basis of a comparison
 between the place of residence of each individual at the time of the March
 CPS and the place of residence in March of the previous year.

 The information on mobility status is obtained from the responses to a series
 of inquiries. The first of three inquiries is: "Was...living in this house 1
 year ago...?" If the answer was "No," the enumerator asked, "Where did...live
 on March 1, 1988?" In classification, three main categories distinguish
 nonmovers, movers, and movers from abroad.

 Nonmovers are all persons who are living in the same house at the end of the
 period as at the beginning of the period. Movers are all persons who are
 living in a different house at the end of the period than at the beginning of
 the period. Movers from abroad include all persons, either citizens or
 aliens, whose place of residence is outside the United States at the begin-
 ning of the period, that is, in an outlying area under the jurisdiction of
 the United States or in a foreign country. The mobility status for children
 is fully allocated from the mother if she is in the household; otherwise it
 is allocated from the householder.

 Month-In-Sample. The term is defined as the number of times a unit is
 interviewed. Each unit is interviewed eight times during the life of the
 sample.
N-R

 Never Worked. A person who has never held a full-time civilian job lasting
 two consecutive weeks or more.

 Nonfamily Householder. A nonfamily householder (formerly called a primary
 individual) is a person maintaining a household while living alone or with
 nonrelatives only.

 Nonfarm Self-employment Net Income. The term is defined as net money income
 (gross receipts minus expenses) from an individual's own business,
 professional enterprise, or partnership. Gross receipts include the value of
 all goods sold and services rendered. Expenses include costs of goods
 purchased, rent, heat, light, power, depreciation charges, wages and salaries
 paid, business taxes (not personal income taxes), etc. In general, inventory
 changes are considered in determining net income; replies based on income
 tax returns or other official records do reflect inventory changes; however,
 when values of inventory changes are not reported, net income figures
 exclusive of inventory changes are accepted. The value of saleable
 merchandise consumed by the proprietors of retail stores is not included as
 part of net income.

 Nonworker. A person who did not do any work in the calendar year preceding
 the survey.

 Nonrelative of Householder With No Own Relatives in Household. A nonrelative
 of the householder who has no relative(s) of his own in the household. This
 category includes such nonrelatives as a ward, a lodger, a servant, or a
 hired hand, who has no relatives of his own living with him in the household.

 Nonrelative of Householder With Own Relatives (Including Spouse) in
 Household. Any household member who is not related to the householder but
 has relatives of his own in the household; for example, a lodger, his spouse,
 and their son.

 Other Relative of Householder. Any relative of the householder other than
 his spouse, child (including natural, adopted, foster, or step child),
 sibling, or parent; for example, grandson, daughter-in-law, etc.

 Own Child. A child related by birth, marriage, or adoption to the family
 householder.

 Part-Time, Economic Reasons. The item includes slack work, material
 shortages, repairs to plant or equipment, start or termination of job during
 the week, and inability to find full-time work. (See also Full-Time Worker.)

 Part-Time Other Reasons. The item includes labor dispute, bad weather, own
 illness, vacation, demands of home housework, school, no desire for full-time
 work, and full-time worker only during peak season.

 Part-Time Work. Persons who work between 1 and 34 hours are designated as
 working "part-time" in the current job held during the reference week. For
 the March supplement, a person is classified as having worked part-time
 during the preceding calendar year if he worked less than 35 hours per week
 in a majority of the weeks in which he worked during the year. Conversely, he
 is classified as having worked full-time if he worked 35 hours or more per
 week during a majority of the weeks in which he worked.

 Part-Year Work. Part-year work is classified as less than 50 weeks' work.

 Pension Plan. The pension plan question on the March CPS attempted to
 identify if pension plan coverage was available through an employer or
 union and if the employee was included. This information was collected for
 civilian persons 15 years old and over who worked during the previous
 calendar year.

 Population Coverage. Population coverage includes the civilian population of
 the United States plus approximately 820,000 members of the Armed Forces in
 the United States living off post or with their families on post but excludes
 all other members of the Armed Forces. This file excludes inmates of
 institutions. The labor force and work experience data are not collected for
 Armed Forces members.

 Poverty. In this file, families and unrelated individuals are classified as
 being above or below the poverty level using a poverty index adopted by
 a Federal Interagency Committee in 1969 and slightly modified in 1981.

 The modified index provides a range of income cutoffs or "poverty thresholds"
 adjusted to take into account family size, number of children, and age of the
 family householder or unrelated individual; prior to 1981, adjustments were
 also made on the basis of farm-nonfarm residence and sex of the householder.
 The impact of these revisions on the poverty estimates is minimal at the
 national level. The poverty cutoffs are updated every year to reflect changes
 in the Consumer Price Index. The average poverty threshold for a family of
 four was $ 12,091 in 1985. For a detailed explanation of the poverty
 definition, see Current Population Reports, Series P-60, No. 154, Money
 Income and Poverty Status of Persons in the United States: 1988.

 Public Assistance. (See Income.)

 Public or Other Subsidized Housing. Participation in public housing is
 determined by two factors: program eligibility and the availability of
 housing. Income standards for initial and continuing occupancy vary by local
 housing authority, although the limits are constrained by Federal guidelines.
 Rental charges, which, in turn, define net benefits, are set by a Federal
 statute not to exceed 30 percent of net monthly money income. A recipient
 unit can either be a family of two or more related persons or an individual
 who is handicapped, elderly, or displaced by urban renewal or natural
 disaster. There are some programs through which housing assistance is
 provided to low-income families and individuals living in public or privately
 owned dwellings. Two of the more common types of programs in which Federal,
 State, and local funds are used to subsidize private sector housing are rent
 supplement and interest reduction plans. Under a rent supplement plan the
 difference between the "fair market" rent and the rent charged to the tenant
 is paid to the owner by a government agency. Under an interest reduction
 program the amount of interest paid on the mortgage by the owner is reduced
 so that subsequent savings can be passed along to low income tenants in the
 form of lower rent charges.

 There were two questions dealing with public and low cost housing on the
 March CPS supplement questionnaire. The first question identifies residence
 in a housing unit owned by a public agency. The second question identifies
 beneficiaries who were not living in public housing projects, but who were
 paying lower rent due to a government subsidy. These questions differ from
 other questions covering noncash benefits in that they establish current
 recipiency status in March of the current year rather than recipiency status
 during the previous year.

 Race. The population is divided into five groups on the basis of race: White,
 Black, American Indian/Aleut Eskimo, Asian or Pacific Islander and Other
 races beginning with March 1989. The last category includes any other race
 except the four mentioned. In most of the published tables, "Other Races"
 are shown in total population.

 Receipts Not Counted as Income. Receipts from the following sources are not
 included as income: (1) money received from the sale of property, such as
 stocks, bonds, a house, or a car (unless the person was engaged in the
 business of selling such property, in which case the net proceeds would be
 counted as income from self-employment); (2) withdrawals of bank deposits;
 (3) money borrowed; (4) tax refunds; (5) gifts; and (6) lump-sum inheritances
 or insurance payments.

 Reentrants. Persons who previously worked at a full-time job lasting two
 weeks or longer but who are out of the labor force prior to beginning to
 look for work.

 Related Children. Related children in a family include own children and all
 other children in the household who are related to the householder by birth,
 marriage, or adoption. For each type of family unit identified in the CPS,
 the count of own children under 18 years old is limited to single (never
 married) children; however, "own children under 25" and "own children of any
 age," include all children regardless of marital status. The totals include
 never-married children living away from home in college dormitories.

 Related Subfamily. A related subfamily is a married couple with or without
 children, or one parent with one or more own single (never married) children
 under 18 years old, living in a household and related to, but not including,
 the householder or spouse. The most common example of a related subfamily is
 a young married couple sharing the home of the husband's or wife's parents.
 The number of related subfamilies is not included in the number of families.
S-Y

 School. A person who spent most of his time during the survey week attending
 any kind of public or private school, including trade or vocational schools
 in which students receive no compensation in money or kind.

 School Lunches. The National School Lunch Program is designed to assist
 States in providing a school lunch for all children at moderate cost. The
 National School Lunch Act of 1946 was further amended in 1970 to provide
 free and reduced-price school lunches for children of needy families. The
 program is administered by the Food and Nutrition Service of the U.S.
 Department of Agriculture (USDA) through State educational agencies or
 through regional USDA nutrition services for nonprofit private schools. The
 program is funded by a combination of Federal funds and matching State funds.

 All students eating lunches prepared at participating schools pay less than
 the total cost of the lunches. Some students pay the "full established" price
 for lunch (which itself is subsidized) while others pay a "reduced" price for
 lunch, and still others receive a "free" lunch. Program regulations require
 students receiving free lunches to live in households with incomes below 125
 percent of the official poverty level. Those students receiving a reduced-
 price school lunch (10 to 20 cents per meal) live in households with incomes
 between 125 percent and 195 percent of the official poverty level. The data
 in this file, however, do not distinguish between recipiency of free and
 reduced-price school lunches.

 The questions on the March CPS provide a very limited amount of data for the
 school lunch program. Questions concerning the school lunch program were
 designed to identify the number of members 5 to 18 years old in households
 who "usually" ate a hot lunch. This defined the universe of household members
 usually receiving this noncash benefit. This was followed by a question to
 identify the number of members receiving free or reduced price lunches.

 Self-Employed. Self-employed persons are those who work for profit or fees
 in their own business, profession or trade, or operate a farm.

 Spanish Origin. Persons of Spanish origin in this file are determined on the
 basis of a question that asked for self-identification of the person's origin
 or descent. Respondents are asked to select their origin (or the origin of
 some other household member) from a "flash card" listing ethnic origins.
 Persons of Spanish origin, in particular, are those who indicated that their
 origin was Mexican-American, Chicano, Mexican, Mexicano, Puerto Rican, Cuban,
 Central or South American, or other Spanish.

 Stretches of Unemployment. A continuous stretch is one that is not
 interrupted by the person getting a job or leaving the labor market to go to
 school, to keep house, etc. A period of two weeks or more during which a
 person is employed or ceased looking for work is considered to break the
 continuity of the period of seeking work.

 Topcode. For confidentiality purposes, usual hourly earnings from the current
 job and earnings from the longest job are topcoded, i.e., cut off at a
 particular amount.

 Refer to Appendix F for an explanation and topcode values of hourly earnings
 from the current job. Earnings from the longest job are collected during
 enumeration up to $299,999; however, the amount is topcoded on the public
 use file at $99,999.

 From the supplement, total person's income is the sum of the amounts from the
 individual income types; total family income is the sum of the total persons
 income for each family member; total household income is the sum of the total
 income for each person in the household.

 Total Money Income. The term is defined is the arithmetic sum of money wages
 and salaries, net income from self-employment, and income other than
 earnings. The total income of a household is the arithmetic sum of the
 amounts received by all income recipients in the household.

 Unable to Work. A person is classified as unable to work because of long-term
 physical or mental illness, lasting six months or longer.

 Unemployed. (See Labor Force.)

 Unemployment Compensation. (See Income.)

 Unpaid Family Workers. Unpaid family workers are persons working without pay
 for 15 hours a week or more on a farm or in a business operated by a member
 of the household to whom they are related by birth or marriage.

 Unrelated Individuals. Unrelated individuals are persons of any age (other
 than inmates of institutions) who are not living with any relatives. An
 unrelated individual may be (1) a nonfamily householder living alone or with
 nonrelatives only, (2) a roomer, boarder, or resident employee with no
 relatives in the household, or (3) a group quarters member who has no
 relatives living with him/her. Thus, a widow who occupies her house alone or
 with one or more other persons not related to her, a roomer not related to
 anyone else in the housing unit, a maid living as a member of her employer's
 household but with no relatives in the household, and a resident staff
 member in a hospital living apart from any relatives are all examples of
 unrelated individuals.

 Unrelated Subfamily. An unrelated subfamily is a family that does not include
 among its members the householder and relatives of the householder. Members
 of unrelated subfamilies may include persons such as guests, roomers,
 boarders, or resident employees and their relatives living in a household.
 The number of unrelated subfamily members is included in the number of
 household members but is not included in the count of family members.

 Persons living with relatives in group quarters were formerly considered as
 members of families. However, the number of such unrelated subfamilies is so
 small that persons in these unrelated subfamilies are included in the count
 of secondary individuals.

 Veteran Status. If a person served at any time during the four major wars of
 this century, the code for the most recent wartime service is entered. The
 following codes are used:

     0  Females, children under 15
     1  Vietnam era
     2  Korean
     3  WWI
     4  WWII
     5  Other Service
     6  Nonveteran

 Wage and Salary Workers. Wage and salary workers receive wages, salary,
 commission, tips, or pay in kind from a private employer or from a
 governmental unit. Also included are persons who are self-employed in an
 incorporated business. (See income.)

 Weeks Worked in the Income Year. Persons are classified according to the
 number of different weeks, during the preceding calendar year, in which they
 did any civilian work for pay or profit (including paid vacations and sick
 leave) or worked without pay on a family-operated farm or business.

 Workers. (See Labor Force--Employed.)

 Work Experience. Includes those persons who during the preceding calendar
 year did any work for pay or profit or worked without pay on a family-
 operated farm or business at any time during the year, on a part-time or
 full-time basis.

 Year-Round Full-Time Worker. A year-round full-time worker is one who usually
 worked 35 hours or more per week for 50 weeks or more during the preceding
 calendar year. Years of School Completed. Data on years of school completed
 are derived from the combination of answers to questions concerning the
 highest grade of school attended by the person and whether or not that grade
 is finished. Educational attainment applies only to progress in "regular"
 school. Such schools include graded public, private, and parochial elementary
 and high schools (both junior and senior high), colleges, universities, and
 professional schools, whether day schools or night schools. Thus, regular
 schooling is that which may advance a person toward an elementary school
 certificate or high school diploma, or a college, university, or professional
 school degree. Schooling in other than regular schools is counted only if the
 credits obtained are regarded as transferable to a school in the regular
 school system.
APPENDIX A1 - DETAILED INDUSTRY CLASSIFICATION CODES

Detailed Industry Classification Codes

 (Numbers in parentheses are the 1972 SIC code equivalent; see Executive
 Office of the President, Office of Management and Budget, Standard Industrial
 Classification Manual, 1972 and the 1977 Supplement. "Pt" means part;
 "n.e.c." means not elsewhere classified.)

 Code         Industries

 000-009       not used
 010-031       AGRICULTURE, FORESTRY, AND FISHERIES
 010           Agricultural production, crops (01)
 011           Agricultural production, livestock (02)
 012-019       not used
 020           Agricultural services, except horticultural (07, except 078)
 021           Horticultural services (078)
 022-029       not used
 030           Forestry (08)
 031           Fishing, hunting, and trapping (09)
 032-039       not used

 040-050       MINING
 040           Metal mining (10)
 041           Coal mining (11,12)
 042           Crude petroleum and natural gas extraction (13)
 043-049       not used
 050           Nonmetallic mining and quarrying, except fuel (14)
 051-059       not used

 060           CONSTRUCTION (15,16,17)
 061-099       not used

 100-392       MANUFACTURING
 100-222       Nondurable Goods
 100-122         Food and kindred products
 100              Meat products (201)
 101              Dairy products (202)
 102              Canned and preserved fruits and vegetables (203)
 103-109          not used
 110              Grain mill products (204)
 111              Bakery products (205)
 112              Sugar and confectionery products (206)
 113-119          not used
 120              Beverage industries (208)
 121              Miscellaneous food preparations and kindred products
                  (207,209)
 122              Not specified food industries
 123-129         not used
 130             Tobacco manufactures (21)
 131             not used
 132-150         Textile mill products
 132              knitting mills (225)
 133-139          not used
 140              Dyeing and finishing textiles, except wool and knit goods
                  (226)
 141              Floor coverings, except hard surface (227)
 142              Yarn, thread, and fabric mills (228,221-224)
 143-149          not used
 150              Miscellaneous textile mill products (229)
 151-152         Apparel and other finished textile products
 151              Apparel and accessories, except knit (231-238)
 152              Miscellaneous fabricated textile products (239)
 153-159         not used
 160-162         Paper and allied products
 160              Pulp, paper, and paperboard mills (261-263,266)
 161              Miscellaneous paper and pulp products (264)
 162              Paperboard containers and boxes (265)
 163-170         not used
 171-172         Printing, publishing, and allied industries
 171              Newspaper publishing and printing (271)
 172              Printing, publishing, and allied industries, except
                  newspapers (272-279)
 173-179         not used
 180-192         Chemicals and allied products
 180              Plastics, synthetics, and resins (282)
 181              Drugs (283)
 182              Soaps and cosmetics (284)
 183-189          not used
 190              Paints, varnishes, and related products (285)
 191              Agricultural chemicals (287)
 192              Industrial and miscellaneous chemicals (281,286,289)
 193-199         not used
 200-201         Petroleum and coal products
 200              Petroleum refining (291)
 201              Miscellaneous petroleum and coal products (295,299)
 202-209         not used
 210-212         Rubber and miscellaneous plastics products
 210              Tires and inner tubes (301)
 211              Other rubber products, and plastics footwear and belting
                  (302-304,306)
 212              Miscellaneous plastics products (307)
 213-219         not used
 220-222         Leather and leather products
 220              Leather tanning and finishing (311)
 221              Footwear, except rubber and plastic (313,314)
 222              Leather products, except footwear (315-317,319)
 223-229         not used
 230-391         Durable Goods
 230-241         Lumber and wood products, except furniture
 230              Logging (241)
 231              Sawmills, planning mills, and millwork (242,243)
 232              Wood buildings and mobile homes (245)
 233-240         not used
 241              Miscellaneous wood products (244,249)
 242             Furniture and fixtures (25)
 243-249         not used
 250-262         Stone, clay, glass, and concrete products
 250              Glass and glass products (321-323)
 251              Cement, concrete, gypsum, and plaster products (324,327)
 252              Structural clay products (325)
 253-260         not used
 261              Pottery and related products (326)
 262              Miscellaneous nonmetallic mineral and stone products
                  (328,329)
 263-269         not used
 270-301         Metal industries
 270              Blast furnaces, steelworks, rolling and finishing mills (331)
 271              Iron and steel foundries (332)
 272              Primary aluminum industries (3334, part 334,3353-3355,3361)
 273-279          not used
 280              Other primary metal industries (3331-3333,3339, part 334,
                  3351,3356,3357,3362,3369,339)
 281              Cutlery, handtools, and other hardware, (342)
 282              Fabricated structural metal products (344)
 283-289          not used
 290              Screw machine products (345)
 291              Metal forgings and stampings (346)
 292              Ordnance (348)
 293-299          not used
 300              Miscellaneous fabricated metal products (341,343,347,349)
 301              Not specified metal industries
 302-309         not used
 310-332         Machinery, except electrical
 310              Engines and turbines (351)
 311              Farm machinery and equipment (352)
 312              Construction and material handling machines (353)
 313-319          not used
 320              Metalworking machinery (354)
 321              Office and accounting machines (357, except 3573)
 322              Electronic computing equipment (3573)
 323-330         not used
 331              Machinery, except electrical, n.e.c. (355,356,358,359)
 332              Not specified machinery
 333-339         not used
 340-350         Electrical machinery, equipment, and supplies
 340              Household appliances (363)
 341              Radio, T.V. and communication equipment (365.366)
 342              Electrical machinery, equipment, and supplies, n.e.c. (361,
                  362.364,367,369)
 343-349          not used
 350              Not specified electrical machinery, equipment, and supplies
 351-370         Transportation equipment
 351              Motor vehicles and motor vehicle equipment (371)
 352              Aircraft and parts (372)
 353-359         not used
 360              Ship and boat building and repairing (373)
 361              Railroad locomotives and equipment (374)
 362              Guided missiles, space vehicles, and parts (376)
 363-369         not used
 370              Cycles and miscellaneous transportation equipment (375,379)
 371-382         Professional and photographic equipment, and watches
 371              Scientific and controlling instruments (381,382)
 372              Optical and health services supplies (383,384,385)
 373-379         not used
 380              Photographic equipment and supplies (386)
 381              Watches, clocks, and clockwork operated devices (387)
 382              Not specified professional equipment
 383-389        not used
 390             Toys, amusement, and sporting goods (394)
 391             Miscellaneous manufacturing industries (39 except 394)
 392             Not specified manufacturing industries(1)
 393-399       not used

 1. When shown separately, "Not specified manufacturing," is at the same level
 as "Nondurable goods" and "Durable goods." When not shown, it is tallied with
 "Durable goods."

 400-472       TRANSPORTATION, COMMUMCATIONS, AND OTHER PUBLIC UTILITIES
 400-432       Transportation
 400             Railroads (40)
 401             Bus service and urban transit (41 except 412)
 402             Taxicab service (412)
 403-409         not used
 410             Trucking service (421,423)
 411             Warehousing and storage (422)
 412             U.S. Postal Service (43)
 413-419         not used
 420             Water transportation (44)
 421             Air transportation (45)
 422             Pipe lines, except natural gas (46)
 423-431         not used
 432             Services incidental to transportation (47)
 433-439       not used
 440-442       Communications
 440             Radio and television broadcasting (483)
 441             Telephone (wire and radio) (481)
 442             Telegraph and miscellaneous communication services (482,489)
 443-459       not used
 460-472       Utilities and sanitary services
 460             Electric light and power (491)
 461             Gas and steam supply systems (492,496)
 462             Electric and gas, and other combinations (493)
 463-469         not used
 470             Water supply and irrigation (494,497)
 471             Sanitary services (495)
 472             Not specified utilities
 473-479       not used

 500-571       WHOLESALE TRADE
 500-532       Durable Goods
 500             Motor vehicles and equipment (501)
 501             Furniture and home furnishings (502)
 502             Lumber and construction materials (503)
 503-509        not used
 510             Sporting goods, toys, and hobby goods (504)
 511             Metals and minerals, except petroleum (505)
 512             Electrical goods (506)
 513-520         not used
 521             Hardware, plumbing and heating supplies (507)
 522             Not specified electrical and hardware products
 523-529         not used
 530             Machinery, equipment, and supplies (508)
 531             Scrap and waste materials (5093)
 532             Miscellaneous wholesale, durable goods (5094,5099)
 533-539       not used
 540-571       Nondurable Goods
 540             Paper and paper products (511)
 541             Drugs, chemicals, and allied products (512,516)
 542             Apparel, fabrics, and notions (513).
 543-549        not used
 550            Groceries and related products (514)
 551            Farm products - raw materials (515)
 552            Petroleum products (517)
 553-559        not used
 560            Alcoholic beverages (518)
 561            Farm supplies (5191)
 562            Miscellaneous wholesale, nondurable goods (5194,5198,5199)
 563-570        not used
 571            Not specified wholesale trade
 572-579       not used

 580-691       RETAIL TRADE
 580             Lumber and building material retailing (521,523)
 581             hardware stores (525)
 582             retail nurseries and garden stores (526)
 583-589        not used
 590             Mobile home dealers (527)
 591             Department stores (531)
 592             Variety stores (533)
 593-599         not used
 600             Miscellaneous general merchandise stores (539)
 601             Grocery stores (541)
 602             Dairy products stores (545)
 603-609         not used
 610             Retail bakeries (546)
 611             Food stores, n.e.c. (542,543,544,549)
 612             Motor vehicle dealers (551,552)
 613-619         not used
 620             Auto and home supply stores (553)
 621             Gasoline service stations (554)
 622             Miscellaneous vehicle dealers (555,556,557,559)
 623-629         not used
 630             Apparel and accessory stores, except shoe (56, except 566)
 631             Shoe stores (566)
 632             Furniture and home furnishings stores (571)
 633-639         not used
 640             Household appliances, TV, and radio stores (572,573)
 641             Eating and drinking places (58)
 642             Drug stores (59 1)
 643-649         not used
 650             Liquor stores (592)
 651             Sporting goods, bicycles, and hobby stores (5941,5945,5946)
 652             Book and stationery stores (5942,5943)
 653-659         not used
 660             Jewelry stores (5944)
 661             Sewing, needlework, and piece goods stores (5949)
 662             Mail order houses (5961)
 663-669        not used
 670             Vending machine operators (5962)
 671             Direct selling establishments (5963)
 672             Fuel and ice dealers (598)
 673-680        not used
 681             Retail florists (5992)
 682             Miscellaneous retail stores (593,5947,5948,5993,5994,5999)
 683-690        not used
 691             Not specified retail trade
 692-699         not used

 700-712       FINANCE, INSURANCE, AND REAL ESTATE
 700             Banking (60)
 701             Savings and loan associations (612)
 702             Credit agencies, n.e.c. (61, except 612)
 703-709        not used
 710             Security, commodity brokerage, and investment companies (62,
                 67)
 711             Insurance (63, 64)
 712             Real estate: including real estate-insurance-law offices (65,
                 66)
 713-720       not used

 721-760       BUSINESS AND REPAIR SERVICES
 721             Advertising (731)
 722             Services to dwellings and other buildings (734)
 723-729         not used
 730             Commercial research, development, and testing labs (7391,
                 7397)
 731             Personnel supply services (736)
 732             Business management and consulting services (7392)
 733-739         not used
 740             Computer and data processing services (737)
 741             Detective and protective services (7393)
 742             Business services, n.e.c. (732,733,735,7394,7395,7396,7399)
 743-749         not used
 750             Automotive services, except repair (751,752,754)
 751             Automotive repair shops (753)
 752             Electrical repair shops (762,7694)
 753-759         not used
 760             Miscellaneous repair services (763,764,7692,7699)
 761-791       PERSONAL SERVICES
 761            Private households (88)
 762            Hotels and motels (701)
 763-769        not used
 770            Lodging places, except hotels and motels (702,703,704)
 771            Laundry, cleaning, and garment services (721)
 772            Beauty shops (723)
 773-779        not used
 780            Barber shops (724)
 781            Funeral service and crematories (726)
 782            Shoe repair shops (725)
 783-789        not used
 790            Dressmaking shops (part 729)
 791            Miscellaneous personal services (722, part 729)
 792-799       not used

 800-802       ENTERTAINMENT AND RECREATION SERVICES
 800             Theaters and motion pictures (78,792)
 801             Bowling alleys, billiard and pool parlors (793)
 802             Miscelianeous entertainment and recreation services (791,794,
                 799)
 803-811       not used

 812-892       PROFESSIONAL AND RELATED SERVICES
 812             Offices of physicians (801,803)
 813-819         not used
 820             Offices of dentists (802)
 821             Offices of chiropractors (8041)
 822             Offices of optometrists (8042)
 823-829         not used
 830             Offices of health practitioners, n.e.c. (8049)
 831             Hospitals (806)
 832             Nursing and personal care facilities (805)
 833-839        not used
 840             Health services, n.e.c. (807,808,809)
 841             Legal services (81)
 842             Elementary and secondary schools (821)
 843-849        not used
 850             Colleges and universities (822)
 851             Business, trade, and vocational schools (824)
 852             Libraries (823)
 853-859         not used
 860             Educational services, n.e.c. (829)
 861             Job training and vocational rehabilitation services (833)
 862             Child day care services (835)
 863-869         not used
 870             Residential care facilities, without nursing (836)
 871             Social services, n.e.c. (832,839)
 872             Museums, art galleries, and zoos (84)
 873-879         not used
 880             Religious organizations (866)
 881             Membership organizations (861-865,869)
 882             Engineering, architectural, and surveying services (891)
 883-889         not used
 890             Accounting, auditing, and bookkeeping services (893)
 891             Noncommercial educational and scientific research (892)
 892             Miscellaneous professional and related services (899)
 893-889       not used

 900-932       PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION
 900             Executive and legislative offices (911-913)
 901             General government, n.e.c. (919)
 902-909         not used
 910             Justice, public order, and safety (92)
 911-920         not used
 921             Public finance, taxation, and monetary policy (93)
 922             Administration of human resources programs (94)
 923-929         not used
 930             Administration of environmental quality and housing programs
                 (95)
 931             Administration of economic programs (96)
 932             National security and international affairs (97)
 933-990       not used

 991           Assigned to persons whose labor force status is unemployed and
               whose last job was Armed Forces.
APP. B1-OCCUPATIONAL CLASS. CODES FOR DETAILED OCCUPATIONAL CAT.

    Occupational Classification Codes for Detailed Occupational Categories

 (Numbers in parentheses are the 1980 SIC code equivalent; see U.S. Department
 of Commerce, Office of Federal Statistical Policy and Standards, Standard
 Occupational Classification Manual, 1980. "Pt" means part; "n.e.c." means not
 elsewhere classified.)

 Code          Occupations

 000-002       not used
 003-199       MANAGERIAL AND PROFESSIONAL SPECIALTY OCCUPATIONS
 003-037       Executive, Administrative, and Managerial Occupations
 003             Legislators (111)
 004             Chief executives and general administrators, public
                 administration (112)
 005             Administrators and officials, public administration (1132-
                 1139)
 006             Administrators, protective services (1131)
 007             Financial managers (122)
 008             Personnel and labor relations managers (123)
 009             Purchasing managers (124)
 010-012         not used
 013             Managers, marketing, advertising, and public relations (125)
 014             Administrators, education and related fields (128)
 015             Managers, medicine and health (131)
 016             Managers, properties and real estate (1353)
 017             Postmasters and mail superintendents (1344)
 018             Funeral directors (pt 1359)
 019             Managers and administrators, n.e.c. (121, 126,127,132-139,
                 exc. 1344, 1353, pt 1359)
 020-022         not used
 023-037         Management Related Occupations
 023              Accountants and auditors (1412)
 024              Underwriters (1414)
 025              Other financial officers (1415, 1419)
 026              Management analysts (142)
 027              Personnel, training, and labor relations specialists (143)
 028              Purchasing agents and buyers, farm products (1443)
 029              Buyers, wholesale and retail trade except farm products
                  (1442)
 030-032          not used
 033              Purchasing agents and buyers, n.e.c. (144)
 034              Business and promotion agents (145)
 035              Construction inspectors (1472)
 036              Inspectors and compliance officers, exc. construction (1473)
 037              Management related occupations, n.e.c. (149)
 038-042       not used
 043-199       Professional Specialty Occupations
 043-063         Engineers, Architects, and Surveyors
 043              Architects (161)
 044-059          Engineers
 044                 Aerospace (1622)
 045                 Metallurgical and materials (1623)
 046                 Mining (1624)
 047                 Petroleum (1625)
 048                 Chemical (1626)
 049                 Nuclear (1627)
 050-052             not used
 053                 Civil (1628)
 054                 Agricultural (1632)
 055                 Electrical and electronic (1633, 1636)
 056                 Industrial (1634)
 057                 Mechanical (1635)
 058                 Marine and naval architects (1637)
 059                 Engineers, n.e.c. (1639)
 060-062           not used
 063               Surveyors and Mapping Scientists (164)
 064-068          Mathematical and Computer Scientists
 064               Computer systems analysts and scientists (171)
 065               Operations and systems researchers and analysts (172)
 066               Actuaries (1732)
 067               Statisticians (1733)
 068               Mathematical scientists, n.e.c. (1739)
 069-083          Natural Scientists
 069               Physicists and astronomers (1842, 1843)
 070-072           not used
 073               Chemists, except biochemists (1845)
 074               Atmospheric and space scientists (1846)
 075               Geologists and geodeists (1847)
 076               Physical scientists, n.e.c. (1849)
 077               Agricultural and food scientists (1853)
 078               Biological and life scientists (1854)
 079               Forestry and conservation scientists (1852)
 080-082           not used
 083               medical scientists (1855)
 084-089          Health Diagnosing Occupations
 084               Physicians (261)
 085               Dentists (262)
 086               Veterinarians (27)
 087               Optometrists (281)
 088               Podiatrists (283)
 089               Health diagnosing practitioners, n.e.c. (289)
 090-094          not used
 095-106          Health Assessment and Treating Occupations
 095               Registered nurses (29)
 096               Pharmacists (301)
 097               Dietitians (302)
 098-105           Therapists
 098                  Inhalation therapists (3031)
 099                  Occupational therapists (3032)
 100-102              not used
 103                  Physical therapists (3033)
 104                  Speech therapists (3034)
 105                  Therapists, n.e.c. (3039)
 106               Physicians' assistants (3040
 107-112          not used
 113-154          Teachers, Postsecondary
 113               Earth, environmental, and marine science teachers (2212)
 114               Biological science teachers (2213)
 115               Chemistry teachers (2214)
 116               Physics teachers (2215)
 117               Natural science teachers, n.e.c. (2216)
 118               Psychology teachers (2217)
 119               Economics teachers (2218)
 120-122           not used
 123               History teachers (2222)
 124               Political science teachers (2223)
 125               Sociology teachers (2224)
 126               Social science teachers, n.e.c. (2225)
 127               Engineering teachers (2226)
 128               Mathematical science teachers (2227)
 129               Computer science teachers (2228)
 130-132           not used
 133               Medical science teachers (2231)
 134               Health specialties teachers (2232)
 135               Business, commerce, and marketing teachers (2233)
 136               Agriculture and forestry teachers (2234)
 137               Art, drama, and music teachers (2235)
 138               Physical education teachers (2236)
 139               Education teachers (2237)
 140-142           not used
 143               English teachers (2238)
 144               Foreign language teachers (2242)
 145               Law teachers (2243)
 146               Social work teachers (2244)
 147               Theology teachers (2245)
 148               Trade and industrial teachers (2246)
 149               Home economics teachers (2247)
 150-152           not used
 153               Teachers, postsecondary, n.e.c. (2249)
 154               Postsecondary teachers, subject not specified
 155-159         Teachers, Except Postsecondary
 155              Teachers, prekindergarten and kindergarten (231)
 156              Teachers, elementary school (232)
 157              Teachers, secondary school (233)
 158              Teachers, special education (235)
 159              Teachers, n.e.c. (236,239)
 160-162         not used
 163              Counselors, educational and vocational (24)
 164-165          Librarians, Archivists, and Curators
 164                 Librarians (251)
 165                 Archivists and curators (252)
 166-173          Social Scientists and Urban Planners
 166                 Economists (1912)
 167                 Psychologists (1915)
 168                 Sociologists (1916)
 169                 Social scientists, n.e.c. (1913,1914,1919)
 170-172             not used
 173                 Urban planners (192)
 174-177          Social, Recreation, and Religious Workers
 174                 Social workers (2032)
 175                 Recreation workers (2033)
 176                 Clergy (2042)
 177                 Religious workers, n.e.c. (2049)
 178-179          Lawyers and Judges
 178                 Lawyers (211)
 179                 Judges (2 12)
 180-182          not used
 183-199          Writers, Artists, Entertainers, and Athletes
 183                 Authors (321)
 184                 Technical writers (398)
 185                 Designers (322)
 186                 Musicians and composers (323)
 187                 Actors and directors (324)
 188                 Painters, sculptors, craft-artists, and artists print-
                     makers (325)
 189                 Photographers (326)
 190-192             not used
 193                 Dancers (327)
 194                 Artists, performers, and related workers, n.e.c.
                     (328,329)
 195                 Editors an reporters (331)
 196                 not used
 197                 Public relations specialists (332)
 198                 Announcers (333)
 199                 Athletes (34)
 200-202        not used

 203-389        TECHNICAL, SALES, AND ADMINISTRATIVE SUPPORT OCCUPATIONS
 203-235        Technicians and Related Support Occupations
 203-208         Health Technologists and Technicians
 203              Clinical laboratory technologists and technicians (362)
 204              Dental hygienists (363)
 205              Health record technologists and technicians (364)
 206              Radiologic technicians (365)
 207              Licensed practical nurses (366)
 208              Health technologists and technicians, n.e.c. (369)
 209-212         not used
 213-235         Technologists and Technicians, Except Health
 213-218          Engineering and Related Technologists and Technicians
 213                 Electrical and electronic technicians (3711)
 214                 Industrial engineering technicians (3712)
 215                 Mechanical engineering technicians (3713)
 216                 Engineering technicians, n.e.c. (3719)
 217                 Drafting occupations (372)
 218                 Surveying and mapping technicians (373)
 219-222          not used
 223-225          Science Technicians
 223                 Biological technicians (382)
 224                 Chemical technicians (3831)
 225                 Science technicians n.e.c. (3832,3833,384,389)
 226-235          Technicians; Except Health, Engineering, and Science
 226                 Airplane pilots and navigators (825)
 227                 Air traffic controllers (392)
 228                 Broadcast equipment operators (393)
 229                 Computer programmers (3971,3972)
 230-232             not used
 233                 Tool programmers, numerical control (3974)
 234                 Legal assistants (396)
 235                 Technicians, n.e.c. (399)
 236-242        not used
 243-285        Sales Occupations
 243             Supervisors and proprietors, sales occupations (40)
 244-252         not used
 253-257         Sales Representatives, Finance and Business Services
 253              Insurance sales occupations (4122)
 254              Real estate sales occupations (4123)
 255              Securities and financial services sales occupations (4124)
 256              Advertising and related sales occupations (4153)
 257              Sales occupations, other business services (4152)
 258-259         Sales Representatives, Commodities Except Retail
 258              Sales engineers (421)
 259              Sales representatives, mining, manufacturing, and wholesale
                  (423,424)
 260-262         not used
 263-278         Sales Workers, Retail and Personal Services
 263              Sales workers, motor vehicles and boats (4342,4344)
 264
                  Sales workers, apparel (4346)
 265              Sales workers, shoes (4351)
 266              Sales workers, furniture and home furnishings (4348)
 267              Sales workers, radio, TV, hi-fi, and appliances (4343,4352)
 268              Sales workers, hardware and building supplies (4353)
 269              Sales workers, parts (4367)
 270-273          not used
 274              Sales workers, other commodities (4345, 4347, 4354, 4356,
                  4359, 4362, 4369)
 275              Sales counter clerks (4363)
 276              Cashiers (4364)
 277              Street and door-to-door sales workers (4366)
 278              News vendors (4365)
 279-282         not used
 283-285         Sales Related Occupations
 283              Demonstrators, promoters and models, sales (445)
 284              Auctioneers (447)
 285              Sales support occupations, n.e.c. (444,446,449)
 286-302        not used
 303-389        Administrative Support Occupations, Including Clerical
 303-307         Supervisors, Administrative Support Occupations
 303              Supervisors, general office (4511,4513,4514,4515,4516,4519,
                  4529)
 304              Supervisors, computer equipment operators (4512)
 305              Supervisors, financial records processing (4521)
 306              Chief communications operators (4523)
 307              Supervisors; distribution, scheduling, and adjusting clerks
                  (4522,4524-4528)
 308-309         Computer Equipment Operators
 308              Computer operators (4612)
 309              Peripheral equipment operators (4613)
 310-312         not used
 313-315         Secretaries, Stenographers and Typists
 313              Secretaries (4622)
 314              Stenographers (4623)
 315              Typists (4624)
 316-323         Information Clerks
 316              Interviewers (4642)
 317              Hotel clerks (4643)
 318              Transportation ticket and reservation agents (4644)
 319              Receptionists (4645)
 320-322          not used
 323              Information clerks, n.e.c. (4649)
 324             not used
 325-336         Records Processing Occupation, Except Financial
 325              Classified-ad clerks (4662)
 326              Correspondence clerks (4663)
 327              Order clerks (4664)
 328              Personnel clerks, except payroll and timekeeping (4692)
 329              Library clerks (4694)
 330-334          not used
 335              File clerks (4696)
 336              Records clerks (4699)
 337-344         Financial Records Processing Occupations
 337              Bookkeepers, accounting, and auditing clerks (4712)
 338              Payroll and timekeeping clerks (4713)
 339              Billing clerks (4715)
 340-342          not used
 343              Cost and rate clerks (4716)
 344              Billing, posting, and calculating machine operators (4718)
 345-347         Duplicating, Mail and Other Machine Operators
 345              Duplicating machine operators (4722)
 346              Mail preparing and paper handling machine operators (4723)
 347              Office machine operators, n.e.c. (4729)
 348-353         Communications Equipment Operators
 348              Telephone operators (4732)
 349              Telegraphers (4733)
 350-352          not used
 353              Communications equipment operators, n.e.c. (4793)
 354-357         Mail and Message Distributing Occupations
 354              Postal clerks, exc. mail carriers (4742)
 355              Mail carriers, postal service (4743)
 356              Mail clerks, exc. postal service (4744)
 357              Messengers (4745)
 358             not used
 359-374         Material Recording, Scheduling, and Distributing Clerks,
                 n.e.c.
 359              Dispatchers (4751)
 360-362          not used
 363              Production coordinators (4752)
 364              Traffic, shipping, and receiving clerks (4753)
 365              Stock and inventory clerks (4754)
 366              Meter readers (4755)
 367              not used
 368              Weighers, measurers, and checkers (4756)
 369              Samplers (4757)
 370-372          not used
 373              Expediters (4758)
 374              Material recording, scheduling, and distributing clerks,
                  n.e.c. (4759)
 375-378         Adjusters and Investigators
 375              Insurance adjusters, examiners, and investigators (4782)
 376              Investigators and adjusters, except insurance (4783)
 377              Eligibility clerks, social welfare (4784)
 378              Bill and account collectors (4786)
 379-389         Miscellaneous Administrative Support Occupations
 379              General office clerks (463)
 380-382          not used
 383              Bank tellers (4791)
 384              Proofreaders (4792)
 385              Data-entry keyers (4793)
 386              Statistical clerks (4794)
 387              Teachers aides (4795)
 388              not used
 389              Administrative support occupations, n.e.c. (4787,4799)
 390-402         not used

 403-469        SERVICE OCCUPATIONS
 403-407        Private Household Occupations
 403             Launderers and ironers (503)
 404             Cooks, private household (504)
 405             Housekeepers and butlers (505)
 406             Child care workers, private household (506)
 407             Private household cleaners and servants (502,507,509)
 408-412        not used
 413-427        Protective Service Occupations
 413-415        Supervisors, protective service occupations
 413              Supervisors, firefighting and fire prevention occupations
                  (5111)
 414              Supervisors, police and detectives (5112)
 415              Supervisors, guards (5113)
 416-417         Firefighting and fire prevention occupations
 416              Fire inspection and fire prevention occupations (5122)
 417              Firefighting occupations (5123)
 418-424         Police and detectives
 418              Police and detectives, public service (5132)
 423              Sheriffs, bailiffs, and other law enforcement officers
                  (5134)
 424              Correctional institution officers (5133)
 425-427         Guards
 425              Crossing guards (5142)
 426              Guards and police, exc., public service (5144)
 427              Protective service occupations, n.e.c. (5149)
 433-469         Service Occupations, Except Protective and Household
 433-444         Food preparation and service occupations
 433              Supervisors, food preparation and service occupations (5211)
 434              Bartenders (5212)
 435              Waiters and waitresses (5213)
 436              Cooks, except short order (5214)
 437              Short-order cooks (5215)
 438              Food counter, fountain and related occupations (5216)
 439              Kitchen workers, food preparation (5217)
 440-442          not used
 443              Waiters'/waitresses' assistants (5218)
 444              Miscellaneous food preparation occupations (5219)
 445-447         Health Service Occupations
 445              Dental assistants (5232)
 446              Health aides, except nursing (5233)
 447              Nursing aides, orderlies, and attendants (5236)
 448-455         Cleaning and Building Service Occupations, except Household
 448              Supervisors, cleaning and building service workers (5241)
 449              Maids and housemen (5242,5249)
 450-452          not used
 453              Janitors and cleaners (5244)
 454              Elevator operators (5245)
 455              Pest control occupations (5246)
 456-469         Personal Service Occupations
 456              Supervisors, personal service occupations (5251)
 457              Barbers (5252)
 458              Hairdressers and cosmetologists (5253)
 459              Attendants, amusement and recreation facilities (5254)
 460-462          not used
 463              Guides (5255)
 464              Ushers (5256)
 465              Public transportation attendants (5257)
 466              Baggage porters and bellhops (5262)
 467              Welfare service aides (5263)
 468              Child care workers, except private household (5264)
 469              Personal service occupations, n.e.c. (5258,5269)
 470-472        not used

 473-499        FARMING, FORESTRY, AND FISHING OCCUPATIONS
 473-476        Farm Operators and Managers
 473             Farmers, except horticulture (5512,5514)
 474             Horticultural specialty farmers, (5515)
 475             Managers, farms, except horticultural (5522-5524)
 476             Managers, horticultural specialty farms (5525)
 477-489        Other Agricultural and Related Occupations
 477-484         Farm Occupations, Except Managerial
 477              Supervisors, farm workers (5611)
 478              not used
 479              Farm workers (5612-5617)
 480-482          not used
 483              Marine life cultivation workers (5618)
 484              Nursery workers (5619)
 485-489         Related Agricultural Occupations
 485              Supervisors, related agricultural occupations (5621)
 486              Groundskeepers and gardeners, except farm (5622)
 487              Animal caretakers, except farm (5624)
 488              Graders and sorters, agricultural products (5625)
 489              Inspectors, agricultural products (5627)
 490-493        not used
 494-496        Forestry and Logging Occupations
 494             Supervisors, forestry and logging workers (571)
 495             Forestry workers, except logging (572)
 496             Timber cutting and logging occupations (573,579)
 497-499        Fishers, Hunters, and Trappers
 497             Captains and other officers, fishing vessels (pt 8241)
 498             Fishers (583)
 499             Hunters and trappers (584)
 500-502        not used
 503            PRECISION PRODUCTION, CRAFT, AND REPAIR OCCUPATIONS
 503-549        Mechanics and Repairers
 503             Supervisors, Mechanics and Repairers (60)
 504             not used
 505-549         Mechanics and Repairers, Except Supervisors
 505-517          Vehicle and Mobile Equipment Mechanics and Repairers
 505                 Automobile mechanics (pt 6111)
 506                 Automobile mechanic apprentices (pt 6111)
 507                 Bus, truck, and stationary engine mechanic (6112)
 508                 Aircraft engine mechanics (6113)
 509                 Small engine repairers (6114)
 510-513             not used
 514                 Automobile body and related repairers (6115)
 515                 Aircraft mechanics, exc. engine (6116)
 516                 Heavy equipment mechanics (6117)
 517                 Farm equipment mechanics (6118)
 518              Industrial machinery repairers (613)
 519              Machinery maintenance occupations (614)
 520-522          not used
 523-533          Electrical and Electronic Equipment Repairers
 523                 Electronic repairers, communications and industrial
                     equipment (6151,6153,6155)
 524                 not used
 525                 Data processing equipment repairers (6154)
 526                 Household appliance and power tool repairers (6156)
 527                 Telephone line installers and repairers (6157)
 528                 not used
 529                 Telephone installers and repairers (6158)
 530-532             not used
 533                 Miscellaneous electrical and electronic equipment
                     repairers (6152,6159)
 534              Heating, air conditioning, and refrigeration mechanics (616)
 535-549          Miscellaneous Mechanics and Repairers
 535                 Camera, watch, and musical instrument repairers (6171,
                     6172)
 536                 Locksmiths and safe repairers (6173)
 537                 not used
 538                 Office machine repairers (6174)
 539                 Mechanical controls and valve repairers (6175)
 540-542             not used
 543                 Elevator installers and repairers (6176)
 544                 Millwrights (6178)
 545-546             not used
 547                 Specified mechanics and repairers, n.e.c. (6177,6179)
 548                 not used
 549                 Not specified mechanics and repairers
 550-552        not used
 553-599        Construction Trades
 553-558         Supervisors, Construction Occupations
 553              Supervisors; brickmasons, stonemasons, and tile setters
                  (6312)
 554              Supervisors, carpenters and related workers (6313)
 555              Supervisors, electricians and power transmission installers
                  (6134)
 556              Supervisors; painters, paperhangers, and plasterers (6315)
 557              Supervisors: plumbers, pipefitters, and steamfitters (6316)
 558              Supervisors, n.e.c. (6311, 6318)
 559-562         not used
 563-599         Construction Trades, Except Supervisors
 563              Brickmasons and stonemasons (pt 6412, pt 6413)
 564              Brickmason and stonemason apprentices (pt 6412, pt 6413)
 565              Tile setters, hard and soft (6414, pt 6462)
 566              Carpet installers (pt 6462)
 567              Carpenters (pt 6422)
 568              not used
 569              Carpenter apprentices (pt 6422)
 570-572          not used
 573              Drywall installers (6424)
 574              not used
 575              Electricians (pt 6432)
 576              Electrician apprentices (pt 6432)
 577              Electrical power installers and repairers (6433)
 578              not used
 579              Painters, construction and maintenance (6442)
 580-582          not used
 583              Paperhangers (6443)
 584              Plasterers (6444)
 585              Plumbers, pipefitters, and steamfitters (pt 645)
 586              not used
 587              Plumber, pipefitter, and steamfitter apprentices (pt 645)
 588              Concrete and terrazzo finishers (6463)
 589              Glaziers (6464)
 590-592          not used
 593              Insulation workers (6465)
 594              Paving, surfacing, and tamping equipment operators (6466)
 595              Roofers (6468)
 596              Sheetmetal duct installers (6472)
 597              Structural metal workers (6473)
 598              Drillers, earth (6474)
 599              Construction trades, n.e.c. (6467,6475,6476,6479)
 600-612        not used
 613-617        Extractive Occupations
 613             Supervisors, extractive occupations (632)
 614             Drillers, oil will (652)
 615             Explosives workers (653)
 616             Mining machine operators (654)
 617             Mining occupations, n.e.c. (656)
 618-632        not used
 633-699        Precision Production Occupations
 633             Supervisors, production occupations (67,710
 634-655         Precision Metal Working Occupations
 634              Tool and die makers (pt 6811)
 635              Tool and die maker apprentices (pt 6811)
 636              Precision assemblers, metal (6812)
 637              Machinists (pt 6813)
 638              not used
 639              Machinist apprentices (pt 6813)
 640-642          not used
 643              Boilermakers (6814)
 644              Precision grinders, filers, and tool sharpeners (6816)
 645              Patternmakers and model makers, metal (6817)
 646              Lay-out workers (6812)
 647              Precious stones and metals workers (jewelers) (6822,6866)
 648              not used
 649              Engravers, metal (6823)
 650-652          not used
 653              Sheet metal workers (pt 6824)
 654              Sheet metal worker apprentices (pt 6824)
 655              Miscellaneous precision metal workers (6829)
 656-659         Precision Woodworking Occupations
 656              Patternmakers and model makers, wood (6831)
 657              Cabinet makers and bench carpenter (6832)
 658              Furniture and wood finishers (6835)
 659              Miscellaneous precision woodworkers (6839)
 660-665         not used
 666-674         Precision Textile, Apparel, and Furnishings Machine Workers
 666              Dressmakers (pt 6852, pt 7752)
 667              Tailors (pt 6852)
 668              Upholsterers (6853)
 669              Shoe repairers (6854)
 670-672          not used
 673              Apparel and fabric patternmakers (6856)
 674              Miscellaneous precision apparel and fabric workers (6859, pt
                  7752)
 675              Hand molders and shapers, except jewelers (6861)
 676              Patternmakers, lay-out workers, and cutters (6862)
 677              Optical goods workers (6864, pt 7477, pt 7677)
 678              Dental laboratory and medical appliance technicians (6865)
 679              Bookbinders (6844)
 680-682          not used
 683              Electrical and electronic equipment assemblers (6867)
 684              Miscellaneous precision workers, n.e.c. (6869)
 685             not used
 686-688         Precision Food Production Occupations
 686              Butchers and meat cutters (6871)
 687              Bakers (6872)
 688              Food batchmakers (6873,6879)
 689-693         Precision Inspectors, Testers, and Related Workers
 689              Inspectors, testers, and graders (6881,828)
 690-692          not used
 693              Adjusters and calibrators (6882)
 694-699         Plant and System Operators
 694              Water and sewage treatment plant operators (691)
 695              Power plant operators (pt 693).
 696              Stationary engineers (pt 693,7668)
 697-698          not used
 699              Miscellaneous plant and system operators (692,694,695,696)
 700-702        not used

 703-889        OPERATORS, FABRICATORS, AND LABORERS
 703-799        Machine Operators, Assemblers, and Inspectors
 703-779         Machine Operators and Tenders, except Precision
 703-715          Metal Working and Plastic Working Machine Operators
 703                 Lathe and turning machine set-up operators (7312)
 704                 Lathe and turning machine operators (7512)
 705                 Milling and planing machine operators (7313,7513)
 706                 Punching and stamping press machine operators (7314,7317,
                     7514,7517)
 707                 Rolling machine operators (7316,7516)
 708                 Drilling and boring machine operators (7318,7518)
 709                 Grinding, abrading, buffing, and polishing machine
                     operators (7322,7324,7522)
 710-712             not used
 713                 Forging machine operators (7319,7519)
 714                 Numerical control machine operators (7326
 715                 Miscelianeous metal, plastic, stone, and glass working
                     machine operators (7329,7529)
 716              not used
 717                 Fabricating machine operators, n.e.c. (7339,7539)
 718                 not used
 719-725             Metal and plastic processing machine operators
 719                 Molding and casting machine operators (7315,7342,7515,
                     7542)
 720-722             not used
 723                 Metal plating machine operators (7343,7543)
 724                 Heat treating equipment operators (7344,7544)
 725                 Miscellaneous metal and plastic processing machine
                     operators (7349,7549)
 726-733          Woodworking Machine Operators
 726                 Wood lathe, routing, and planeing machine operators
                     (7431,7432,7631,7632)
 727                 Sawing machine operators (7433,7633)
 728                 Shaping and joining machine operators (7435,7635)
 729                 Nail and tacking machine operators (7636)
 730-732             not used
 733                 Miscellaneous woodworking machine operators (7434,7439,
                     7634,7639)
 734-737          Printing Machine Operators
 734                 Printing machine operators (7443,7643)
 735                 Photoengravers and lithographers (6842,7444,7644)
 736                 Typesetters and compositors (6841,7642)
 737                 Miscellaneous printing machine operators (6849,7449,7649)
 738-749          Textile, Apparel and Furnishings Machine Operators
 738                 Winding and twisting machine operators (7451,7651)
 739                 Knitting, looping, taping, and weaving machine operators
                     (7452,7652)
 740-742             not used
 743                 Textile cutting machine operators (7654)
 744                 Textile sewing machine operators (7655)
 745                 Shoe machine operators (7656)
 746                 not used
 747                 Pressing machine operators (7657)
 748                 Laundering and dry cleaning machine operators (6855,7658)
 749                 Miscellaneous textile machine operators (7459,7659)
 750-752          not used
 753-779          Machine Operators, Assorted Materials
 753                 Cementing and gluing machine operators (7661)
 754                 Packaging and filling machine operators (7562,7662)
 755                 Extruding and forming machine operators (7463,7663)
 756                 Mixing and blending machine operators (7664)
 757                 Separating, filtering, and clarifying machine operators
                     (7476,7666,7676)
 758                 Compressing and compacting machine operators (7646,7667)
 759                 Painting and paint spraying machine operators (7669)
 760-762             not used
 763                 Roasting and baking machine operators, food (7472,7672)
 764                 Washing, cleaning, and pickling machine operators (7673)
 765                 Folding machine operators (7474,7674)
 766                 Furnace, kiln, and oven operators, exc. food (7675)
 767                 not used
 768                 Crushing and grinding machine operators (pt 7477,
                     pt 7677)
 769                 Slicing and cutting machine operators (7478,7678)
 770-772             not used
 773                 Motion picture projectionists (pt 7479)
 774                 Photographic process machine operators (6863,6868,7671)
 775-776             not used
 777                 Miscellaneous machine operators, n.e.c. (pt 7479,7665,
                     7679)
 778                 not used
 779                 Machine operators, not specified
 780-782         not used
 783-795          Fabricators, Assemblers, and Hand Working Occupations
 783                 Welders and cutters (7332,7532,7714)
 784                 Solderers and brazers (7333,7533,7717)
 785                 Assemblers (772,774)
 786                 Hand cutting and trimming occupations (7753)
 787                 Hand molding, casting, and forming occupations (7754,
                     7755)
 788                 not used
 789                 Hand painting, coating, and decorating occupations (7756)
 790-792             not used
 793                 Hand engraving and printing occupations (7757)
 794                 Hand grinding and polishing occupations (7758)
 795                 Miscellaneous hand working occupations (7759)
 796-799          Production Inspectors, Testers, Samplers, and Weighers
 796                 Production inspectors, checkers, and examiners (782,787)
 797                 Production testers (783)
 798                 Production samplers and weighers (784)
 799                 Graders and sorters, exc. agricultural (785)
 800-802        not used
 803-859        Transportation and Material Moving Occupations
 803-814         Motor Vehicle Operators
 803              Supervisors, motor vehicle operators (8111)
 804              Truck drivers, heavy (8212,8213)
 805              Truck drivers, light (8214)
 806              Driver-sales workers (8218)
 807              not used
 808              Bus drivers (8215)
 809              Taxicab drivers and chauffeurs (8216)
 810-812          not used
 813              Parking lot attendants (874)
 814              Motor transportation occupations, n.e.c. (8219)
 815-822         not used
 823-834         Transportation Occupations, Except Motor Vehicles
 823-826          Rail Transportation Occupations
 823                 Railroad conductors and yardmasters (8113)
 824                 Locomotive operating occupations (8232)
 825                 Railroad brake, signal, and switch operators (8233)
 826                 Rail vehicle operators, n.e.c. (8239)
 827              not used
 828-834          Water Transportation Occupations
 828                 Ship captains and mates, except fishing boasts (pt 8241,
                     8242)
 829                 Sailors and deckhands (8243)
 830-832             not used
 833                 Marine engineers (8244)
 834                 Bridge, lock, and lighthouse tenders (8245)
 835-842         not used
 843-859         Material Moving Equipment Operators
 843              Supervisors, material moving equipment operators (812)
 844              Operating engineers (8312)
 845              Longshore equipment operators (8313)
 846-847          not used
 848              Hoist and winch operators (8314)
 849              Crane and tower operators (8315)
 850-852          not used
 853              Excavating and loading machine operators (8316)
 854              not used
 855              Grader, dozer, and scraper operators (8317)
 856              Industrial truck and tractor equipment operators (8318)
 857-858          not used
 859              Miscellaneous material moving equipment operators (8319)
 860-862        not used
 863-889        Handlers, Equipment Cleaners, Helpers, and Laborers
 863             Supervisors, handlers, equipment cleaners, and laborers,
                 n.e.c. (85)
 864             Helpers, mechanics and repairers (863)
 865-867         Helpers, Construction and Extractive Occupations
 865              Helpers, construction trades (8641-8645,8648)
 866              Helpers, surveyor (8646)
 867              Helpers, extractive occupations (865)
 868             not used
 869             Construction laborers (871)
 870-872         not used
 873             Production helpers (861,862)
 874             not used
 875-883         Freight, Stock, and Material Handlers
 875              Garbage collectors (8722)
 876              Stevedores (8723)
 877              Stock handlers and baggers (8724)
 878              Machine feeders and offbearers (8725)
 879-882          not used
 883              Freight, stock, and material handlers, n.e.c. (8726)
 884             not used
 885             Garage and service station related occupation (873)
 886             not used
 887             Vehicle washers and equipment cleaners (875)
 888             Hand packers and packagers (8761)
 889             Laborers, except construction (8769)
 890-904         not used
 905            Assigned to persons whose labor force status is unemployed and
                whose last job was Armed Forces.
APPENDIX B2 - DETAILED OCCUPATION RECODES

                          Detailed Occupation Recodes
                                     (01-46)

 Detailed Occupation                                Recode     Occupation Code

 Administrators and Officials,
 Public Administration                                  01             003-006
 Other Executive, Administrators, and Managers          02             007-019
 Management Related Occupations                         03             023-037

 Engineers                                              04             044-059
 Mathematical and Computer Scientists                   05             064-068
 Natural Scientists                                     06             069-083
 Health Diagnosing Occupations                          07             084-089
 Health Assessment and Treating Occupations             08             095-106
 Teachers, College and University                       09             113-154
 Teachers, Except College and University                10             155-159
 Lawyers and Judges                                     11             178-179
 Other Professional Specialty Occupations               12             043-063
                                                                       163-177
                                                                       183-199

 Health Technologists and Technicians                   13             203-208
 Engineering and Science Technicians                    14             213-225
 Technicians, Except Health
 Engineering, and Science                               15             226-235

 Supervisors and Proprietors,
 Sales Occupations                                      16                 243
 Sales Representatives, Finance,
 and Business Service                                   17             253-257
 Sales Representatives, Commodities,
 Except Retail                                          18             258-259
 Sales Workers, Retail and
 Personal Services                                      19             263-278
 Sales Related Occupations                              20             283-285

 Supervisors - Administrative Support                   21             303-307
 Computer Equipment Operators                           22             308-309
 Secretaries, Stenographers, and Twists                 23             313-315
 Financial Records, Processing Occupations              24             337-344
 Mail and Message Distributing                          25             354-357
 Other Administrative Support Occupations,
 Including Clerical                                     26             316-336

 Private Household Service Occupations                  27             403-407
 Protective Service Occupations                         28             413-427
 Food Service Occupations                               29             433-444
 Health Service Occupations                             30             445-447
 Cleaning and Building Service Occupations              31             448-455
 Personal Service Occupations                           32             456-469

 Mechanics and Repairers                                33             503-549
 Construction Trades                                    34             553-599
 Other Precision Production Occupations                 35             613-699
 Machine Operators and Tenders,
 Except Precision                                       36             703-779
 Fabricators, Assemblers, Inspectors,
 and Samplers                                           37             783-799
 Motor Vehicle Operators                                38             803-814
 Other Transportation Occupations
 and Material Moving                                    39             823-859
 Construction Laborer                                   40                 869
 Freight, Stock and Material Handlers                   41             875-883
 Other Handlers, Equipment Cleaners,
 and Laborers                                           42             863-867
                                                                   873,885-889

 Farm Operators and Managers                            43             473-476
 Farm Workers and Related Occupations                   44             477-489
 Forestry and Fishing Occupations                       45             494-499

 Armed Forces, Currently Civilian                       46                 905
APPENDIX B3 - MAJOR OCCUPATION GROUP RECODES

                          Major Occupation Group Recodes
                                     (01-14)

 Occupation Group                                 Recode       Occupation Code

 Executive, Administrative, and Managerial
 Occupations                                          01               003-037

 Professional Specialty Occupations                   02               043-199

 Technicians and Related Support Occupations          03               203-389

 Sales Occupations                                    04               243-285

 Administrative Support Occupations,
 Including Clerical                                   05               303-389

 Private Household Service Occupations                06               403-407

 Protective Service Occupation                        07               413-427

 Service Occupations, Except Protective and
 Household                                            08               433-469

 Farming, Forestry, and Fishing Occupations           09               473-499

 Precision Production, Craft, and Repair
 Occupations                                          10               503-699

 Machine Operators, Assemblers, and
 Inspectors                                           11               703-799

 Transportation and Material Moving
 Equipment Occupations                                12               803-859

 Handlers, Equipment Cleaners, Helpers,
 and Laborers                                         13               863-889

 Armed Forces, Currently Civilian                     14                   905
APPENDIX E - SPECIFIC METROPOLITAN IDENTIFIERS

Specific Metropolitan ldentifiers

 The specific metropolitan identifiers on this file are based on the Office of
 Management and Budget's June 30,1984 definitions and are ranked according to
 Census Bureau population estimates for July 1,1983. Identification of CMSA's
 is based on the CMSA/MSA rank code (see List 1) or the CMSA FIPS Code (see
 List 5). MSA's can be Identified by using either the CMSA/MSA rank code (List
 1) or the FIPS MSA/PMSA code (List 4). PMSA's can be Identified by either the
 FIPS MSA/PMSA code (List 4) or a combination of the CMSA/MSA rank codes and
 the PMSA rank code (List 2). Identification of Individual central cities is
 based on a combination of codes (See List 3). Individual central cities are
 identified by the appropriate central city code and the FIPS MSA/PMSA code or
 the appropriate central city code, the CMSA/MSA rank code, and, if necessary,
 the PMSA rank code. Some examples of the proper coding of specific
 metropolitan areas are given below.

                                CMSA/       PMSA        INDIVIDUAL    FIPS
                                MSA         RANK        CENTRAL       MSA/PMSA
                                RANK        CODE        CITY CODE     CODE

 AREA                           (HG-MSAR)   (HG-PMSA)   (INDCCODE)   (HG-MSAC)

                                List 1      List 2        List 3      List 4

 Dallas-Fort Worth, TX CMSA     010         N/C           N/C         N/C
 Fort Worth-Arlington, TX PMSA  010         02            N/C         N/C
    OR                          N/C         N/C           N/C         2800
 Fort Worth, TX Central City    010         02            1           N/C
    OR                          N/C         N/C           1           2800
 Phoenix, AZ MSA                023         N/C           N/C         N/C
    OR                          N/C         N/C           N/C         6200
 Mesa, AZ Central City          023         N/C           2           N/C
    OR                          N/C         N/C           2           6200
 Burlington, VT MSA             224         N/C           N/C         N/C
    OR                          H/C         N/C           N/C         1305

  N/C = No Code Required

 NOTES:

 1. Do not attempt to tally CMSA totals by summing identified PMSA's. The
    specific PMSA identification for some PMSA's is suppressed while the
    specific CMSA for those areas is available. The New Hampshire portion of
    the Boston CMSA is an example of this. While specific identification of
    Nashua and the Lawrence-Haverill and Lowell portions is suppressed, all
    areas are coded as being in the Boston CMSA.

 2. Many of the smaller metropolitan areas in sample do not contain central
    city/balance breakdowns and hence, are coded "not identifiable" in the
    household central city metropolitan statistical area residence status
    code (HCCC-R). It is recommended that this code in conjunction with the
    modified household metropolitan statistical area residence status code
    (HMSA-R) be used for tallying metropolitan residence status for
    national and other grouped data. The HG in each listing refers to
    Household Geographic.

List 1: CMSA/MSA 1983 Rank Codes (HG-MSAR)

 CMSA/        FIPS
 MSA          MSA/
 RANK         PMSA
 CODE         CODE
 (HG-MSAR)    (HG-MSAC)     CMSA/MSA TITLE

 001                        New York-New Jersey-Long Island, NY-NJ CMSA
 002                        Los Angeles-Anaheim-Riverside, CA CMSA
 003                        Chicago-Gary-Lake County, IL-IN-WI CMSA (Wisconsin
                             portion not in sample)
 004                        Philadelphia-Wilmington-Trenton, PA-NJ-DE-MD CMSA
                             (Maryland portion suppressed)
 005                        San Francisco-OaKland-San Jose, CA CMSA
 006                        Detroit-Ann Arbor, MI CMSA
 007                        Boston-Lawrence-Salem, MA-NH CMSA
 000                        Houston-Galveston-Braz:oria, TX CMSA
 009           0040         Washington, DC-VA MSA
 010                        Dallas-Fort Worth, TX CMSA
 011                        Cleveland-Akron-Lorain, OH CMSA
 012                        Miami-Fort Lauderdale, FL CMSA
 013                        Pittsburgh-Deaver Valley, PA CMSA
 014                        St. Louis, MO-IL CMSA
 015           0520         Atlanta, GA MSA
 016           0720         Baltimore, MD MSA
 017           5120         Minneapolis-St. Paul, MN-WI MSA (Wisconsin portion
                             not identified)
 010                        Seattle-Tacoma, WA CMSA
 019           7320         San Diego, CA MSA
 020           0280         Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater, FL MSA
 021                        Denver-Boulder, CO CMSA
 022                        Cincinnati-Hamilton, OH-KY-IN CMSA (Indiana
                             portion not identified)
 023           6200         Phoenix, AZ MSA
 024                        Milwaukee-Racine, WI CMSA
 025           3760         Kansas City, MO-KS MSA
 026                        Portland-Vancouver, OR-WA CMSA
 027           5560         New Orleans, LA MSA
 020           1040         Columbus, OH MSA
 029           5720         Norfolk-Virginia Beach-Newport News, VA MSA
 030                        Buffalo-Niagara Falls, NY CMSA
 031           6920         Sacramento, CA MSA
 032           3480         Indianapolis, IN MSA
 033           7240         San Antonio, TX MSA
 034                        Providence-Pawtucket-Fall River, RI-MA CMSA
 035           1520         Charlotte-Gastonia-Rock Hill, NC-SC MSA
 036                        Hartford-New Britian-Middletown, CT CMSA
 037           7160         Salt Lake City-Ogden, UT MSA
 030           6840         Rochester, NY MSA
 039           5880         OKlahoma City, OK MSA
 040           4520         Louisville, KY-IN MSA
 041           2000         Dayton-Springfield, OH MSA
 042           4920         Memphis, TN-AR-MS MSA (Arkansas and Mississippi
                             portions not identified)
 043           1000         Birmingham, AL MSA
 044           5360         Nashville, TN MSA
 045           3120         Greenboro-Winston Salem-High Point, NC MSA
 046           0160         Albany-Schenectady-Troy NY MSA
 047           3320         Honolulu, HI MSA
 048           5960         Orlando, FL MSA
 049           6760         Richmond-Petersburg, VA MSA (Dinwiddie and Prince
                             George counties and Colonial Heights, Hopewell,
                             and Petersburg cities not in sample)
 050           3600         Jacksonville, FL MSA
 051           7560         Scranton-Wilkes Barre, PA MSA (Monroe county not
                             in sample)
 052           0560         Tulsa, OK MSA
 053           8960         West Palm Beach-Boca Raton-Delray Beach, FL MSA
 054           8160         Syracuse, NY MSA
 055           0240         Allentown-Bethlehem, PA-NJ MSA (New Jersey portion
                             not identified)
 056           0640         Austin, TX MSA
 057           3000         Grand Rapids, MI MSA
 058           8400         Toledo, OH MSA
 059           5920         Omaha, NE-IA MSA (Iowa portion not identified)
 060           6640         Raleigh-Durham, NC MSA
 061           3160         Greenville-Spartanburg, SC MSA
 062           3840         Knoxville, TN MSA
 063           8520         Tucson, AZ MSA
 064           3240         Harrisonburg-Lebanon-Carlisle, PA MSA (Lebanon
                             county not in sample)
 065           2840         Fresno, CA MSA
 066           0760         Baton Rouge, LA MSA
 067           9320         Youngstown-Warren, OH MSA
 068           4120         Las Vegas, NV MSA
 069           8000         Springfield, MA MSA
 070           2320         El Paso, TX MSA
 071           5480         New Haven-Meriden, CT MSA
 072           4400         Little Rock-North Little Rock, AR MSA
 073           1440         Charleston, SC MSA
 074           5160         Mobile, AL MSA (Baldwin county not in sample)
 075           0680         Bakersfield, CA MSA
 076           3660         Johnson City-Kingsport-Bristol, TN-VA MSA
                             (Virginia portion not identified)
 077           2640         Flint, MI MSA
 078           0200         Albuquerque, NM MSA
 079           9040         Wichita, KS MSA
 080           1760         Columbia, SC MSA
 081           1560         Chattanooga, TN-GA MSA (Marion and Sequatchie
                             counties Tennessee not in sample)
 082           6960         Saginaw-Bay City-Midland, MI MSA
 083           4040         Lansing-East Lansing, MI MSA
 084           9240         Worcester, MA MSA
 085           1320         Canton, OH MSA
 086           0840         Beaumont-Port Arthur, TX MSA
 087           9280         York, PA MSA
 088           1960         Davenport-Rock Island-Moline, IA-IL MSA
 089           8120         Stockton, CA MSA
 090           2120         Des Moines, IA MSA (Dallas county not in sample)
 091           4000         Lancaster, PA MSA
 092           3560         Jackson, MS MSA
 093           6120         Peoria, IL MSA
 094           0600         Augusta, GA-SC, MSA
 095           1880         Corpus Christi, TX MSA
 096           7680         Shreveport, LA MSA
 097           2760         Fort Wayne, IN MSA
 098           7840         Spokane, WA MSA
 099           3980         Lakeland-Winter Haven, FL MSA
 100           1720         Colorado Springs, CO MSA
 101           3400         Huntington-Ashland, WV-KY-OH MSA (Kentucky and
                             Ohio portions not identified)
 102           4720         Madison, WI MSA
 103           4880         McAllen-Edinburg-Mission, TX MSA
 104           4200         Lexington-Fayette, KY MSA
 105           8680         Utica-Rome, NY MSA
 106           7480         Santa Barbara-Santa Maria-Lompoc, CA MSA
 107           6680         Reading, PA MSA
 108           6080         Pensacola, FL MBA
 109           7120         Salinas-Seaside-Monterey, CA MSA
 110           4900         Melbourne-Titusville-Palm Bay, FL MSA
 111           0460         Appleton-Oshkosh-Neenah, WI MSA
 112           2020         Daytona Beach, FL MSA
 113           5170         Modesto, CA MSA
 115           5240         Montgomery, AL MSA
 116           2360         Erie, PA MSA
 117           6880         Rockford, IL MSA
 118           2440         Evansville, IN-KY MSA (Kentucky portion not
                             identified)
 119           4600         Macon-Warner Robins, GA MSA
 120           1400         Charleston, WV MSA
 121           2400         Eugene-Springfield, OR MSA
 122           0960         Binghamton, NY MSA
 123           8700         Visalia-Tulare-Porterville, CA MSA
 124           3680         Johnstown, PA MSA
 125           2240         Duluth, MN-WI MSA (Wisconsin portion not
                             identified)
 126           5520         New London-Norwich, CT-RI MSA (Rhode Island
                             portion suppressed)
 127           7000         Salem, OR MSA
 128           6460         Poughkeepsie, NY MSA
 129           2560         Fayetteville, NC MSA
 130           1800         Columbus, GA-AL MSA (Alabama portion not in
                             sample)
 131           2700         Fort Myers, FL MSA
 132           7000         South Bend-Mishawaka, IN MSA
 133           6520         Provo-Orem, UT MSA (Central City portion only
                             identified)
 134           1240         Brownsville-Harlingen, TX MSA
 135           7520         Savannah, GA MSA
 136           7510         Sarasota, FL MSA
 137           6000         Roanoke, VA MSA
 138           4600         Lubbock, TX MSA
 139           3080         Lafayette, LA MSA
 140           3810         Killeen-Temple, TX MSA
 141           7920         Springfield, MO MSA
 142           3720         Kalamazoo, MI MSA
 143           0300         Anchorage, AK MSA
 144           6720         Reno, NV MSA (Central City portion only
                             identified)
 145           3290         Hickory, NC MSA
 146           3440         Huntsville, AL MSA
 147           8000         Waterbury, CT MSA
 148           8240         Tallahassee, FL MSA
 149           6450         Portsmouth-Dover-Rochester, NH-ME MSA
                             (Maine portion not entirely in sample and it is
                             not identified)
 150           6400         Portland, ME MSA
 151           4360         Lincoln, NE MSA
 152           0920         Biloxi-Gulfport, MS MSA
 153           3350         Houma-Thibodaux, LA MSA
 154           7080         Springfield, IL MSA
 156           1000         Boise City, ID MSA
 157           2900         Gainesville, FL MSA
 150           9000         Wheeling, WV-OH MSA (Ohio portion not identified)
 161           8000         Waco, TX MSA
 163           3960         Lake Charles, LA MSA
 164           1360         Cedar Rapids, IA MSA
 165           5400         New Bedford, MA MSA
 166           1400         Champaign-Urbana-Rantoul, IL MSA
 169           2720         Fort Smith, AR-OK MSA (OKlahoma portion not in
                             sample)
 170           1140         Bradenton, FL MBA
 171           0480         Asheville, NC MSA
 172           0870         Benton Harbor, MI MSA
 173           8920         Waterloo-Cedar Falls, IA MSA
 174           2670         Fort Collins-Loveland, CO MBA
 178           8440         Topeka, HA MSA (Central City portion only
                             identified)
 179           1620         Chico, CA MSA
 180           5320         Muskegon, MI MSA
 181           4320         Lima, OH MSA
 184           5790         Ocala, FL MSA
 185           3520         Jackson, MS MSA
 186           5200         Monroe, LA MSA
 192           8600         Tuscaloosa, AL MSA
 193           0780         Battle Creek, MI MSA
 194           0405         Anderson, SC MSA
 197           5910         Olympia, WA MSA
 198           8320         Terre Haute, IN MSA
 199           2650         Florence, AL MSA
 201           0280         Altoona, PA MSA
 202           0400         Anderson, IN MSA
 203           4760         Manchester, NH MSA
 204           4890         Medford, OR MBA
 207           3710         Joplin, MO MSA
 209           4800         Mansfield, OH MSA
 211           7610         Sharon, PA MSA
 216           6560         Pueblo, CO MSA
 219           4200         Lawton, OK MSA
 221           1040         Bloomington-Normal, IL MSA
 222           2750         Fort Walton Beach, FL MSA
 224           1305         Burlington, VT MSA
 225           9140         Williamsport, PA MSA
 226           7720         Sioux City, IA-NE MSA (Nebraska portion not in
                             sample)
 231           7760         Sioux Falls, SD MSA
 233           2655         Florence, SC MSA
 240           0860         Bellingham, WA MSA
 242           9340         Yuba City, CA MSA
 246           1740         Colombia, MO MSA
 247           2880         Gadsden, AL MSA
 248           2580         Fayetteville-Springdale, AK MSA
 252           3740         Kankakee, IL MSA

List 2: PMSA 1983 Rank Codes (HG-PMSA)

       Note:  The PMSA Rank is assigned based on a PMSA's population
       when compared to other PMSA's within the parent CMSA.

                            FIPS
 CMSA         PMSA          MSA
 RANK         RANK          PMSA
 CODE         CODE          CODE
 (HG-MSAR)    (HG-PMSA)     (HG-MSAC)    PMSA TITLE

 001          01            5600         New York, NY
              02            5380         Nassau-Suffolk, NY
              03            5640         Newark, NJ
              04            0875         Bergen-Passaic, NJ
              05            5015         Middlesex-Somerset-Hunterdon, NJ
              06            5190         Monmouth-Ocean, NJ
              07            3640         Jersey City, NJ
              00            1160         Bridgeport-Milford, CT
              09            5950         Orange County, NY
              10            8040         Stamford, CT
              11            1930         Danbury, CT
              12            5760         Norwalk, CT
 002          01            4480         Los Angeles-Long Beach, CA
              02            0360         Anaheim-Santa Ana, CA
              03            6700         Riverside-San Bernardino, CA
              04            6000         Oxnard-Ventura, CA
 003          01            1600         Chicago, IL
              02            2960         Gary-Hammond, IN
              03            3965         Lake County, IL
              04            3690         Joliet, IL
              05            0620         Aurora-Elgin, IL
 004          01            6160         Philadelphia, PA-NJ
              02            9160         Wilmington, DE-NJ-MD (New Jersey
                                          portion not identified, Maryland
                                          portion suppressed.)
              03            8400         Trenton, NJ
 005          01            5775         OaKland, CA
              02            7360         San Francisco, CA
              03            7400         San Jose, CA
              04            8720         Vallejo-Fairfield-Napa, CA
              05            7500         Santa Rosa-Petaluma, CA
              06            7485         Santa Cruz, CA
 006          01            2160         Detroit, Mt
              02            0440         Ann Arbor, MS
 007          01            1120         Boston, MA
              02            4160         Lawrence-Haverill, MA-NH (New
                                          Hampshire portion not identified)
              03            7090         Salem-Gloucester, MA
              04            4560         Lowell, MA-NH (New Hampshire portion
                                          not identified)
              05            1200         Brockton, MA
 008          01            3360         Houston, TX
              02            2920         Galveston-Texas City, TX
              03            1145         Brazoria, TX
 010          01            1920         Dallas, TX
              02            2800         Fort Worth-Arlington, TX
 011          01            1680         Cleveland, OH
              02            0080         Akron, OH
              03            4440         Lorain-Elyria, OH
 012          01            5000         Miami-Hialeah, FL
              02            2600         Fort Lauderdale-Hollywood-Pompano
                                          Beach, FL
 013          01            6280         Pittsburgh, PA
              02            0845         Beaver County, PA
 014          01            7040         St, Louis, MO-IL (Illinois portion
                                          not identified)
 018          01            7600         Seattle, WA
              02            8200         Tacoma, WA
 021          01            2080         Denver, CO
              02            1125         Boulder-Longmont, CO
 022          01            1640         Cincinnati, OH-KY-IN (Indiana portion
                                          not identified)
              02            3200         Hamilton-Middletown, OH
 024          01            5080         Milwaukee, WI
              02            6600         Racine, WI
 026          01            6440         Portland, OR
              02            8725         Vancouver, WA
 030          01            1200         Buffalo, NY
              02            5700         Niagara Falls, NY
 034          01            6400         Providence, RI
              02            6060         Pawtuckett-Woonsocket-Attleboro, RI-
                                          MA (Rhode Island-Central City
                                          portion only identified)
 036          01            3200         Hartford, CT
              02            5440         New Britain, CT

List 3: Individual Central CIM Codes (INDCCODE)

 CMSA/MSA       PMSA          INDIVIDUAL
 RANK           RANK          CENTRAL CITY
 CODE           CODE          CITY CODE
 (HG-MSAR)     (HG-PMSA1      (INDCCODE         CITY

   001               03           1             Newark, NJ
                                  2             Elizabeth, NJ
   002               01           1             Los Angeles, CA
                                  2             Long Beach, CA
                                  3             Pasadena, CA
                                  0             Others
                     02           1             Anaheim, CA
                                  2             Santa Ana, CA
                     03           1             Riverside, CA
                                  0             Others
   003               01           1             Chicago, IL
                                  0             Others
                     02           1             Gary, IN
                                  0             Others
   005               01           1             OaKland, CA
                                  0             Others
   006               01           1             Detroit, MI
                                  0             Others
   007               01           1             Boston, MA
                                  0             Others
   010               01           1             Dallas, TX
                                  0             Others
                     02           1             Fort Worth, TX
                                  2             Arlington, TX
   012               01           1             Miami, FL
                                  0             Others
                     02           1             Fort Lauderdale, FL
                                  0             Others
   017               -            1             Minneapolis, MN
                                  0             Others
   020               -            1             Tampa, FL
                                  0             Others
   023               -            1             Phoenix, AZ
                                  2             Mesa, AZ
                                  0             Others
   029               -            1             Norfolk, VA
                                  2             Virginia Beach, VA
                                  3             Newport News, VA
                                  4             Hampton, VA
                                  0             Others
   045               -            1             Greensboro, NC
                                  0             Others
   046               -            1             Albany, NY
                                  0             Others
   060               -            1             Raleigh, NC
                                  0             Others
   069               -            1             Springfield, MA
                                  0             Others

List 4: TIPS MSA/PMSA Codes (HG-MSAC)

 CMSA/                      FIPS
 MSA          PMSA          MSA/
 RANK         RANK          PMSA
 CODE         CODE          CODE
 (HG-MSAR)    (HG-PMSA)     (HG-MSAC)    MSA/PMSA TITLE

 011          02            0080         Akron, OH, PMSA
 046                        0160         Albany-Schenectady-Troy, NY MSA
 078                        0200         Albuquerque, NM MSA
 055                        0240         Allentown-Bethlehem, PA-NJ MSA (New
                                          Jersey portion not identified)
 201                        0280         Altoona, PA MSA
 002          02            0360         Anaheim-Santa Ana, CA PMSA
 143                        0380         Anchorage, AK MSA
 202                        0400         Anderson, IN MSA
 194                        0405         Anderson, SC MSA
 006          02            0440         Ann Arbor, MI PMSA
 111                        0460         Appleton-Oshkosh-Neenaht, WI MSA
 171                        0480         Asheville, NC MSA
 015                        0520         Atlanta, GA MSA
 094                        0600         Augusta, GA-SC MSA
 003          05            0620         Aurora-Elgin, IL PMSA
 056                        0640         Austin, TX MSA
 075                        0680         Bakersfield, CA MSA
 016                        0720         Baltimore, MD MSA
 066                        0760         Baton Rouge, LA MSA
 193                        0780         Battle Creek, MI MSA
 086                        0840         Beaumont-Port Arthur, FL MSA
 013          02            0845         Beaver County, PA PMSA
 240                        0860         Bellingham, WA MSA
 172                        0870         Benton Harbor, MI MSA
 001          04            0875         Bergen-Passaic, NJ PMSA
 152                        0920         Biloxi-Gulfport, MS MSA
 122                        0960         Binghamton, NY MSA
 043                        1000         Birmingham, AL MSA
 221                        1040         Bloomington-Normal, IL MSA
 156                        1080         Boise City, ID MSA
 007          01            1120         Boston, MA PMSR
 021          02            1125         Boulder-Longmont, CO PMSA
 170                        1140         Bradenton, FL MSA
 008          03            1145         Brazoria, TX PMSA
 001          08            1160         Bridgeport-Milford, CT PMSA
 007          05            1200         Brockton, MA PMSA
 134                        1240         Brownsville-Harlingen, TX MSA
 030          01            1280         Buffalo, NY PMSA
 224                        1305         Burlington, VT MSA
 085                        1320         Canton, OH MSA
 164                        1360         Cedar Rapids, IA MSA
 166                        1400         Champaign-Urbana-Rantoul, IL MSA
 073                        1440         Charleston, SC MSA
 120                        1480         Charleston, WV MSA
 035                        1520         Charlotte-Gastonia-Rock Hill, NC-SC
                                          MSA
 081                        1560         Chattanooga, TN-A MSA (Marion and
                                          Sequatchie counties Tennessee not
                                          in sample)
 003          01            1600         Chicago, IL PMSA
                                          identified)
 179                        1620         Chico, CA MSA
 022           01           1640         Cincinnati, OH-KY-IN PMSA
                                          (Indiana portion not
                                          identified)
 011           01           1680         Cleveland, OH PMSA
 100                        1720         Colorado Springs, CO MSA
 246                        1740         Colombia, MO MSA
 080                        1760         Columbia, SC MSA
 130                        1800         Columbus, GA-AL MSA (Alabama
                                          portion not in sample)
 020            -           1840         Columbus, OH MSA
 095                        1880         Corpus Christi, TX MSA
 010           01           1920         Dallas, TX PMSA
 001           11           1930         Danbury, CT PMSR
 088                        1960         Davenport.Rock Island-Moline,
                                          IA-IL MSA
 041                        2000         Dayton-Springfield, OH MSA
 112                        2020         Daytona Beach, FL MSA
 021           01           2080         Denver, CO PMSA
 090                        2120         Des Moines, IA MSA (Dallas
                                          County not in sample)
 006           01           2160         Detroit, MI PMSA
 125                        2240         Duluth, MN-WI MSA (Wisconsin
                                          portion not identified)
 070                        2320         El Paso, TX MSA
 116                        2360         Erie, PA MSA
 121                        2400         Eugene-Springfield, OR MSA
 118                        2440         Evansville, IN-KY MSA (Kentucky
                                          portion not identified)
 129                        2560         Fayetteville, NC MSA
 248                        2580         Fayetteville-Springdale, AR MSA
 077                        2640         Flint, MI MSA
 199                        2650         Florence, AL MSA
 233                        2655         Florence, SC MSA
 174                        2670         Fort Collins-Loveland, CO MSA
 012           02           2680         Fort Lauderdale-Hollywood-
                                          Pompano Beach, FL
                                          PMSA
 131                        2700         Fort Myers, FL MSA
 169                        2720         Fort Smith, AR-OK MSA (Oklahoma
                                          portion not in sample)
 222                        2750         Fort Walton Beach, FL MSA
 097                        2760         Fort Wayne, IN MSA
 010           02           2800         Fort Worth-Arlington, TX PMSA
 065                        2840          Fresno, CA MSA
 247                        2880          Gadsden, AL MSA
 157                        2900          Gainesville, FL MSA
 008           02           2920          Galveston-Texas City, TX PMSA
 003           02           2960          Gary-Hammond, IN PMSA
 057                        3000          Grand Rapids, MI MSA
 045                        3120          Greenboro-Winston Salem-High
                                           Point, NC MSA
 061                        3160          Greenville-Spartanburg, SC MSA
 022           02           3200          Hamilton-Middletown, OH PMSA
 064                        3240          Harrisburg-Lebanon-Carlisle,PA MSA
                                           (Lebanon County not in sample)
 036           01           3280          Hartford, CT PMSA
 145                        3290          Hickory, NC MSA
 047                        3320         Honolulu, HI MSA
 153                        3350         Houma-Thibodaux, I-A MSA
 008          01            3360         Houston, TX PMSA
 101                        3400         Huntington-Ashland, WV-KY-OH MSA
                                          (Kentucky and Ohio portions not
                                          identified)
 146                        3440         Huntsville, AL MSA
 032                        3480         Indianapolis, IN MSA
 185                        3520         Jackson, MI MSA
 092                        3560         Jackson, MS MSA
 050                        3600         Jacksonville, FL MSA
 001          07            3640         Jersey City, NJ PMSA
 076                        3660         Johnson City-Kingsport-Bristol, TN-
                                          VA MSA
                                          (Virginia portion not identified)
 124                        3680         Johnstown, PA MSA
 003          04            3690         Joliet, IL PMSA
 207                        3710         Joplin, MO MSA
 142                        3720         Kalamazoo, MI MSA
 252                        3740         Kankakee, IL MSA
 025                        3760         Kansas City, MO-KS MSA
 140                        3810         Killeen-Temple, TX MSA
 062                        3840         Knoxville, TN MSA
 139                        3880         Lafayette, LA MSA
 163                        3960         Lake Charles, LA MSA
 003          03            3965         Lake County, IL PMSA
 099                        3980         Lakeland-Winter Haven, FL MSA
 091                        4000         Lancaster, PA MSA
 083                        4040         Lansing-East Lansing, MI MSA
 060                        4120         Las Vegas, NV MSA
 007          02            4160         Lawrence-Haverill, MA-NH PMSA (New
                                          Hampshire portion not identified)
 219                        4200         Lawton, OK MSA
 104                        4280         Lexington-Fayette, KY MSA
 181                        4320         Lima, OH MSA
 151                        4360         Lincoln, NE MSA
 072                        4400         Little Rock-North Little Rock, AK
                                          MSA
 011          03            4440         Lorain-Elyria, OH PMSA
 002          01            4480         Los Angeles-Long Beach, CA PMSA
 040                        4520         Louisville, KY-IN MSA
 007          04            4560         Lowell, MA-NH PMSA (New Hampshire
                                          portion not identified)
 138                        4600         Lubbock, TX MSA
 119                        4680         Macon-Warner Robins, GA MSA
 102                        4720         Madison, WI MSA
 203                        4760         Manchester, NH MSA
 209                        4800         Mansfield, OH MSA
 103                        4880         McAllen-Edinburg-Mission, TX MSA
 204                        4890         Medford, OR MSA
 110                        4900         Melbourne-Titusville-Palm Bay, FL
                                          MSA
 042                        4920         Memphis, TN-AR-MS MSA (Arkansas and
                                          Mississippi portions not
                                          identified)
 012          01            5000         Miami-Hialeah, FL PMSA
 001          05            5015         Middlesex-Somerset-Hunterdon, NJ
                                          PMSA
 024          01            5080         Milwaukee, WI PMSA
 017                        5120         Minneapolis-St. Paul, MN-WI MSA
                                          (Wisconsin portion not identified)
 074                        5160         Mobile, AL MSA (Baldwin county not
                                          in sample)
 113                        5170         Modesto, CA MSA
 001          06            5190         Monmouth-Ocean, NJ PMSA
 106                        5200         Monroe, LA MSA
 115                        5240         Montgomery, AL MSA
 100                        5320         Muskegon, MI MSA
 044                        5360         Nashville, TN MSA
 001          02            5380         Nassau-Suffolk, NY PMSA
 165                        5400         New Bedford, MA MSA
 036          02            5440         New Britain, CT PMSA
 071                        5480         New Haven-Meriden, CT MSA
 126                        5520         New London-Norwich, CT-RI MSA (Rhode
                                          Island portion suppressed)
 027                        5560         New Orleans, I-A MSA
 001          01            5600         New York, NY PMSA
 001          03            5640         Newark, NJ PMSA
 030          02            5700         Niagara ralls, NY PMSA
 029                        5720         Norfolk-Virginia Beach-Newport News,
                                          VA MSA
 001          12            5760         Norwalk, CT PMSA
 005          01            5775         Oakland, CA PMSA
 184                        5790         Ocala, FL MSA
 039                        5880         Oklahoma City, OK MSA
 197                        5910         Olympia, WA MSA
 059                        5920         Omaha, NE-IA MSA (Iowa potion not
                                          identified)
 001          09            5950         Orange County, NY PMSA
 048                        5960         Orlando, FL MSA
 002          04            6000         Oxnard-Ventura, CA PMSA
 034          02            6060         Pawtuckett-Woonsocket-Attleboro,
                                          RI-MA PMSA
                                          (Rhode Island Central City portion
                                          only identified)
 100                        6080         Pensacola, FL MSA
 093                        6120         Peoria, IL MSA
 004          01            6160         Philadelphia, PA-NJ PMSA
 023                        6200         Phoenix, AZ MSA
 013          01            6280         Pittsburgh, PA PMSA
 150                        6400         Portland, ME MSA
 026          01            6440         Portland, OR PMSA
 149                        6450         Portsmouth-Dover-Rochester, NH-ME
                                          MSA (Maine portion not entirely in
                                          sample and it is not identified)
 128                        6460         Poughkeepsie, NY MSA
 034          01            6480         Providence, RI PMSA
 133                        6520         Provo-Orem, UT MSA (Central City
                                          portion only identified)
 216                        6560         Pueblo, CO MSA
 024          02            6600         Racine, WI PMSA
 060                        6640         Raleigh-Durham, NC MSA
 107                        6680         Reading, PA MSA
 144                        6720         Reno, NV MSA (Central City portion
                                          only identified)
 049                        6760         Richmond-Petersburg, VA MSA
                                          (Dinwiddie and Prince George
                                          counties and Colonial Heights,
                                          Hopeweli, and Petersburg
                                          cities not in sample)
 002          03            6780         Riverside-San Bernardino, CA PMSA
 137                        6800         Roanoke, VA MSA
 038                        6840         Rochester, NY MSA
 117                        6880         Rockford, IL MSA
 031                        6920         Sacramento, CA MSA
 082                        6960         Saginaw-Bay City-Midland, MI MSA
 014          01            7040         St. Louis, FL PMSA (Illinois portion
                                          not identified)
 127                        7080         Salem, OR MSA
 007          03            7090         Salem-Gloucester, MA PMSA
 109                        7120         Sallnas-Seaside-Monterey, CA MSA
 037                        7160         Salt Lake City-Ogden, UT MSA
 033                        7240         San Antonio, TX MSA
 019                        7320         San Diego, CA MSA
 005          02            7360         San Francisco, CA PMSA
 005         03'            7400         San Jose, CA PMSA
 106                        7480         Santa Barbara-Santa Maria-Lompoc, CA
                                          MSA
 005          06            7485         Santa Cruz, CA PMSA
 005          05            7500         Santa Rosa-Petaluma, CA PMSA
 136                        7510         Sarasota, FL MSA
 135                        7520         Savannah, GA MSA
 051                        7560         Scranton-Wilkes Barre, PA MSA
                                          (Monroe county not in sample)
 018          01            7600         Seattle, WA PMSA
 211                        7610         Sharon, PA MSA
 096                        7680         Shreveport, I-A MSA
 226                        7720         Sioux City, IA-NE MSA (Nebraska
                                          portion not in sample)
 231                        7760         Sioux Falls, SD MSA
 132                        7800         South Bend-Mishawaka, IN MSA
 090                        7840         Spokane, WA MSA
 154                        7880         Springfield, IL MSA
 141                        7920         Springfield, MO MSA
 069                        8000         Springfield, MA MSA
 001          10            8040         Stamford, CT PMSA
 089                        8120         Stockton, CA MSA
 054                        8160         Syracuse, NY MSA
 018          02            8200         Tacoma, WA PMSA
 148                        8240         Tallahassee, FL MSA
 020                        8280         Tampa-St, Petersburg-Clearwater, FL
                                          MSA
 198                        8320         Terre Haute, IN MSA
 058                        8400         Toledo, OH MSA
 170                        8440         Topeka, KA MSA (Central City portion
                                          only identified)
 004          03            8480         Trenton, NJ PMSA
 063                        8520         Tucson, AZ MSA
 052                        8560         Tulsa, OK MSA
 192                        8600         Tuscaloosa, AL MSA
 105                        8680         Utica-Rome, NY MSA
 005          04            8720         Vallejo-Fairfield-Napa, CA PMSA
 026          02            8725         Vancouver, WA PMSA
 123                        8780         Visalia.Tulare-Portervllle, CA MSA
 161                        8800         Waco, TX MSA
 009                        8840         Washington, DC-MD-VA MSA
 147                        8880         Waterbury, CT MSA
 173                        8920         Waterloo-Cedar Falls, IA MSA
 053                        8960         West Palm Beach-Boca Raton-Delray
                                          Beach, FL MSA
 158                        9000         Wheeling, WV-OH MSA (Ohio portion
                                          not identified)
 079                        9040         Wichita, KA MSA
 225                        9140         Williamsport, PA MSA
 004          02            9160         Wilmington, DE-NJ-MD PMSA (New
                                          Jersey portion not identified,
                                          Maryland portion suppressed.)
 004                        9240         Worcester, MA MSA
 087                        9280         York, PA MSA
 067                        9320         Youngstown-Warren, OH MSA
 242                        9340         Yuba City, CA MSA

List 5: CMSA Codes (HG-CMSA)

 FIPS CODE
 (HG-CMSA)                    CMSA TITLE

    07                  Boston-Lawrence-Salem, MA-NH

    10                  Buffalo-Niagara Falls, NY

    14                  Chicago-Gary-Lake County, IL-IN-WI
                        (Wisconsin portion not in sample)

    21                  Cincinnati-Hamilton, OH-KY-IN
                        (Indiana portion not identified)

    28                  Cleveland-Akron-Lorain, OH

    31                  Dallas-Fort Worth, TX

    34                  Denver-Boulder, CO

    35                  Detroit-Ann Arbor, MI

    41                  Hartford-New Britian-Middletown, CT

    42                  Houston-Galveston-Brazoria, TX

    47                  Kansas City, MO-KS

    56                  Miami-Fort Lauderdale, FL

    63                  Milwaukee-Racine, WI

    70                  New York-Northern New Jersey-Long Island, NY-NJ-CT

    77                  Philadelphia-Wilmington-Trenton, PA-NJ-DE-MD
                        (Maryland portion suppressed)

    78                  Pittsburgh-Beaver Valley, PA

    79                  Portland-Vancouver, OR-WA

    80                  Providence- Pawtucket-Fall River, RI-MA

    91                  Seattle-Tacoma, WA
APPENDIX F - TOPCODING OF USUAL HOURLY EARNINGS

 This variable will be topcoded based on an individual's usual hours worked
 variable, if the individual's edited usual weekly earnings variable is $999.
 The topcode is computed such that the product of usual hours times usual
 hourly does not exceed an annualized wage of $100,000 ($1923.07 per week).
 Below is a list of the appropriate topcodes.


 Hours               Topcode                    Hours               Topcode

   1                 None                        50                 $38.46
   2                 None                        51                 $37.70
   3                 None                        52                 $36.98
   4                 None                        53                 $36.28
   5                 None                        54                 $35.61
   6                 None                        55                 $34.96
   7                 None                        56                 $34.34
   8                 None                        57                 $33.73
   9                 None                        58                 $33.15
  10                 None                        59                 $32.59
  11                 None                        60                 $32.05
  12                 None                        61                 $31.52
  13                 None                        62                 $31.01
  14                 None                        63                 $30.52
  15                 None                        64                 $30.04
  16                 None                        65                 $29.58
  17                 None                        66                 $29.13
  18                 None                        67                 $28.70
  19                 None                        68                 $28.28
  20                 $96.15                      69                 $27.87
  21                 $91.57                      70                 $27.47
  22                 $87.41                      71                 $27.08
  23                 $83.61                      72                 $26.70
  24                 $80.12                      73                 $26.34
  25                 $76.92                      74                 $25.98
  26                 $73.96                      75                 $25.64
  27                 $71.22                      76                 $25.30
  28                 $68.68                      77                 $24.97
  29                 $66.31                      78                 $24.65
  30                 $64.10                      79                 $24.34
  31                 $62.03                      80                 $24.03
  32                 $60.09                      81                 $23.74
  33                 $58.27                      82                 $23.45
  34                 $56.56                      83                 $23.16
  35                 $54.94                      84                 $22.89
  36                 $53.41                      85                 $22.62
  37                 $51.97                      86                 $22.36
  38                 $50.60                      87                 $22.10
  39                 $49.30                      88                 $21.85
  40                 $48.07                      89                 $21.60
  41                 $46.90                      90                 $21.36
  42                 $45.78                      91                 $21.13
  43                 $44.72                      92                 $20.90
  44                 $43.70                      93                 $20.67
  45                 $42.73                      94                 $20.45
  46                 $41.80                      95                 $20.24
  47                 $40.91                      96                 $20.03
  48                 $40.06                      97                 $19.82
  49                 $39.24                      98                 $19.62
                                                 99                 $19.42
APPENDIX G - SOURCE AND ACCURACY STATEMENT

Source of Data
Background

 The data for this survey came from the March 1991 Current Popula-
 tion Survey (CPS), conducted by the Bureau of the Census. The
 March survey uses two sets of questions, the basic CPS and the
 supplements.

Basic CPS

 Basic CPS.   The monthly CPS collects primarily labor force data
 about the civilian noninstitutional population.  Interviewers ask
 questions concerning labor force participation about each member
 15 years old and over in every sample household.

 The present CPS sample was selected from the 1980 Decennial
 Census files with coverage in all 50 states and the District of
 Columbia.  The sample is continually updated to account for new
 residential construction.  It is located in 729 areas comprising
 1,973 counties, independent cities, and minor civil divisions.
 About 60,000 occupied households are eligible for interview every
 month. Interviewers are unable to obtain interviews at about
 2,600 of these units.  The occupants of these units are not found
 at home after repeated calls or are unavailable for some other
 reason.

 Since the introduction of the CPS, the Bureau of the Census has
 redesigned the CPS sample several times.  These redesigns have
 improved the quality and reliability of the data and have satis-
 fied changing data needs.   The most recent changes were complete-
 ly implemented in July 1985.

March Supplement

 March supplement.   In addition to the basic CPS questions,
 interviewers asked supplementary questions in March about money
 income received in the previous calendar year, educational
 attainment, household and family characteristics, marital status
 and geographical mobility.

 To obtain more reliable data for the Hispanic origin population,
 the March CPS sample was increased by about 2,500 eligible
 housing units.  These housing units were interviewed the previous
 November and contained at least one sample person of Hispanic
 origin.  In addition, the sample included persons in the Armed
 Forces living off post or with their families on post.

Estimation Procedure

 Estimation procedure.  This survey's estimation procedure in-
 flates weighted sample results to independent estimates of the
 civilian noninstitutional population of the United States by age,
 sex, race and Hispanic/non-Hispanic categories.  The independent
 estimates were based on statistics from decennial censuses of
 population; statistics on births, deaths, immigration and emigra-
 tion; and statistics on the size of the Armed Forces.  The
 estimation procedure for the March supplement included a further
 adjustment so husband and wife of a household received the same
 weight.

Accuracy of the Estimates
Background

 Since the CPS estimates come from a sample, they may differ from
 figures from a complete census using the same questionnaires,
 instructions, and enumerators.  A sample survey estimate has two
 possible types of error:  nonsampling and sampling.  The accuracy
 of an estimate depends on both types of error, but the full
 extent of the nonsampling error is unknown.   Consequently, one
 should be particularly careful when interpreting results based on
 a relatively small number of cases or on small differences
 between estimates.

Nonsampling Variability

 Nonsampling variability.  Several sources of nonsampling error
 include:

     -  inability to get information about all sample cases;
     -  definitional difficulties;
     -  differences in interpretation of questions;
     -  respondents' inability or unwillingness to provide
        correct information;
     -  respondents, inability to recall information;
     -  errors made in data collection, such as recording
        and coding data;
     -  errors made in processing the data;
     -  errors made in estimating values for missing data;
        and
     -  failure to represent all units with the sample
        (undercoverage)

 CPS undercoverage results from missed housing units and missed
 persons within sample households.  Compared to the level of the
 1980 Decennial Census, overall CPS undercoverage is about 7
 percent.   CPS undercoverage varies with age, sex, and race.
 Generally, undercoverage is larger for males than for females and
 larger for Blacks and other races combined than for Whites.  As
 described previously, ratio estimation to independent age-sex-
 race-Hispanic population controls partially corrects for the bias
 due to undercoverage.  However, biases exist in the estimates to
 the extent that missed persons in missed households or missed
 persons in interviewed households have different characteristics
 from those of interviewed persons in the same age-sex-race-
 Hispanic group.  Furthermore, the independent population controls
 have not been adjusted for undercoverage in the 1980 census.

 For additional information on nonsampling error including the
 possible impact on CPS data when known, refer to Statistical
 Policy Working Paper 3, An Error Profile: Employment as Measured
 by the Current Population Survey, Office of Federal Statistical
 Policy and Standards, U.S. Department of Commerce, 1978 and
 Tecnnical Paper 40, The Current Population Survey: Design and
 Methodology, Bureau of the Census, U.S. Department of Commerce.

Comparability of Data

 Comparability of data.   Data obtained from the CPS and other
 sources are not entirely comparable.  This results from dif-
 ferences in interviewer training and experience and in differing
 survey processes.  This is an example of nonsampling variability
 not reflected in the standard errors.  Use caution when comparing
 results from different sources.

 Caution should also be used when comparing data from this micro-
 data file, which reflects 1980 census-based population controls,
 with microdata files from March 1980 and earlier years, which
 reflect 1970 census-based population controls.  This change in
 population control is had relatively little impact on summary
 measures such as means, medians, and percentage distributions.
 It did have a significant impact on levels.   For example, use of
 1980 based population controls results in about a 2-percent
 increase in the civilian noninstitutional population and in the
 number of families and households.  Thus, estimates of levels for
 data collected in 1981 and later years will differ from those for
 earlier years by more than what could be attributed to actual
 changes in the population.  These differences could be dispropor-
 tionately greater for certain subpopulation groups than for the
 total population.

 Since no independent population control totals for persons of
 Hispanic origin were used before 1985, compare Hispanic estimates
 over time cautiously.

Note when using Small Estimates

 Note when using small estimates.   Because of the large standard
 errors involved, summary measures probably do not reveal useful
 information when computed on a base smaller than 75,000.

 Take care in the interpretation of small differences.   Even a
 small amount of nonsampling error can cause a borderline differ-
 ence to appear significant or not, thus distorting a seemingly
 valid hypothesis test.

Sampling Variability

 Sampling variability.  Sampling variability is variation that
 occurred by chance because a sample was surveyed rather than the
 entire population.   Standard errors as calculated below are
 primarily measures of sampling variability, but they may include
 some nonsampling error.

Standard Errors and their Use

 Standard errors and their use.  A number of approximations are
 required to derive, at a moderate cost, standard errors applica-
 ble to estimates from this data.   Instead of providing an indi-
 vidual standard error for each estimate, generalized sets of
 standard errors are provided for various types of characteris-
 tics. Thus, the tables show levels of magnitude of standard
 errors rather than the precise standard errors.

 The sample estimate and its standard error enable one to con-
 struct a confidence interval. A confidence interval is a range
 that would include the average result of all possible samples
 with a known probability. For example, if all possible samples
 were surveyed under essentially the same general conditions and
 the same sample design, and if an estimate and its standard error
 were calculated from each sample, then approximately 90 percent
 of the intervals from 1.6 standard errors below the estimate to
 1.6 standard errors above the estimate would include the average
 result of all possible samples.

 A particular confidence interval may or may not contain the
 average estimate derived from all possible samples.  However, one
 can say with specified confidence that the interval includes the
 average estimate calculated from all possible samples.

Standard Errors may be used to perform Hypothesis Testing

 Standard errors may be used to perform hypothesis testing.  This
 is a procedure for distinguishing between population parameters
 using sample estimates.  The most common type of hypothesis is
 that the population parameters are different.  An example of this
 would be comparing the percentage of Whites with a college educa-
 tion to the percentage of Blacks with a college education.

 Tests may be performed at various levels of significance.  A
 significance level is the probability of concluding that the
 characteristics are differen~ when, in fact, they are the same.
 For example,  to conclude that two parameters are different at
 the 0.10 level of significance, the absolute value of the esti-
 mated difference between characteristics must be greater than or
 equal to 1.6 times the standard error of the difference.

 The Census Bureau uses 90-percent confidence intervals and 0.10
 levels of significance to determine statistical validity.
 Consult standard statistical texts for alternative criteria.

Standard Errors of Estimated Numbers

 Standard errors of estimated numbers.  There are two ways to
 compute the approximate standard error, Sx, of an estimated
 number. The first uses the formula

                          Sx = fs                              (1)

 where f is a factor from Table III, and s is the standard error
 of the estimate obtained by interpolation from Table I.A or II.A.
 The second method uses formula (2), from which the standard
 errors in Tables I.A and II.A were calculated.  This formula will
 provide more accurate results than formula (1).


                              __________
                             /   2
                     Sx = \/ (ax)  + bx                        (2)

 Here x is the size of the estimate and a and b are the parameters
 in Table IV associated with the particular type of characteris-
 tic.  When calculating standard errors for numbers from cross-
 tabulations involving different characteristics, use the factor
 or set of parameters for the characteristic which will give the
 largest standard error.

 Illustration

 Suppose there are 8,419,000 high school graduates aged 20 to 24
 years old.  Use the appropriate parameters from Table IV and
 formula (2) to get

     Number, x                  8,419,000
     a parameter                -0.000019
     b parameter                    2,468
     Standard error               139,000
     90%  conf. int.      8,196,600  -  8,641,400

 The standard error is calculated as
                 ________________________________________
                /                    2
       Sx =  \/ (-0.000019x8,419,000)  + 2,468x8,419,000  =  139,000


 The 90-percent confidence interval is calculated as 8,419,000 + or -
 1.6 x 139,000.

 A conclusion that the average estimate derived from all possible
 samples lies within a range computed in this way would be correct
 for roughly 90 percent of all possible samples.

 The alternate calculation of the standard error, using formula
 (1), with f = 1.00 from Table III and s = 138,000 by interpola-
 tion from Table I.A is

                 Sx = 1.00x138,000  = 138,000

Standard Errors of Estimated Percentages

 Standard errors of estimated percentages.  The reliability of an
 estimated percentage, computed using sample data for both numera-
 tor and denominator, depends on the size of the percentage and
 its base.  Estimated percentages are relatively more reliable
 than the corresponding estimates of the numerators of the per-
 centages, particularly if the percentages are 50 percent or more.
 When the numerator and denominator of the percentage are in
 different categories, use the factor or parameter from Tables III
 and IV indicated by the numerator.


 The approximate standard error, Sx,p , of an estimated percentage
 can be obtained by use of the formula

                         Sx,p = fs                             (3)

 In this formula, f is the appropriate fac=or from Table III and s
 is the standard error of the estimate obtained by interpolation
 from Tables I. S. 1 through I. B. 9 or II. B. 1 through II. B. 5.

 Alternatively, formula (4) will provide more accurate results:
                                 _______________
                                / b
                    Sx,p =    /  --- p(100 - p)                (4)
                           \/     x

 Here x is the total number of persons, families, households, or
 unrelated individuals in the base of the percentage, p is the
 percentage (0 <or= p <or= 100), and b is the parameter in Table IV
 associated with the characteristic in the numerator of the
 percentage.

 Illustration

 Suppose that of the 8,419,000 high school graduates aged 20 to
 24, 12 percent were Black.   Use the appropriate parameter from
 Table IV and formula (4) to get

     Percentage, p           12.0
     Base, x            8,419,000
     b parameter            3,339
     Standard error           0.6
     90% conf. int.    11.0 - 13.0

 The standard error is calculated as
                                ________________________________
                               /   3,339
                   Sx,p =    /  -----------  x 12.0 x 88.0 = 0.6
                          \/     8,419,000

 The 90-percent confidence interval for the percentage of high
 school graduates aged 20 to 24 who were Black is calculated as
 12.0   1.6x0.6.

  The alternate calculation of the standard error, using formula
  (3), with f = 1.16 from Table III and s = 0.6 by interpolation
  from Table I.B.I is

                    Sx,p  =  1.16 X 0.6  =  0.7

Standard Error of a Difference

 Standard error of a difference.  The standard error of the
 difference between two sample estimates is approximately equal
                                 ____________
                                /   2      2
                      Sx-y = \/ (Sx) + (Sy)                    (5)

 where Sx and Sy are the standard errors of the estimates, x and
 y.  The estimates can be numbers, percentages, ratios, etc.  This
 will represent the actual standard error quite accurately for the
 difference between estimates of the same characteristic in two
 different areas, or for the difference between separate and
 uncorrelated characteristics in the same area.   However, if there
 is a high positive (negative) correlation between the two charac-
 teristics, the formula will overestimate (underestimate) the true
 standard error.

 Illustration

 Suppose 8,419,000 persons 25 to 29 years old and 8,228,000
 persons 20 to 24 years old had completed four years of high
 school and no more.  Use the appropriate parameters from Table IV
 and formulas (4) and (5) to get

                         x              y          difference
     Estimate        8,419,000      8,228,000       191,000
     a parameter     -0.000019      -0.000019          -
     b parameter         2,468          2,468          -
     Standard error    139,000        138,000       196,000
     90% conf. int.      -              -      -122,600 - 504,600

 The standard error of the difference is calculated as
                         _______________________
                        /        2            2
             Sx,y  = \/ (139,000)  + (138,000)    = 196,000

 The 90-percent confidence interval around the difference is
 calculated as 191,000   1.6x196,000.  Since this interval con-
 tains zero, we cannot conclude, at the 10-percent significance
 level, that the number of persons who completed four years of
 high school and no more is different for 20 to 24 year olds and
 25 to 29 year olds.

Standard Error of a Mean for Grouped Data

 Standard error of a mean for grouped data.  The formula used to
 estimate the standard error of a mean for grouped data is
                               ________
                              / b     2
                    S_ =    /  --- (s)                         (6)
                     x   \/     y

 In this formula, y is the size of the base of the                   2
 distribution and b is a parameter from Table IV.   The variance, (s) ,
 is given by the following formula:

                             __c   _2   _2
                         2   \   p x  - x
                      (s)  = /__  i i                          (7)
                              i=1

 where  x , the mean of the distribution, is estimated by
                             __c   _
                         _   \   p x
                         x = /__  i i                          (8)
                              i=1

 c   is the number of groups; i indicates a specific group, thus
     taking on values 1 through c.

 p   is the estimated proportion of households,  families or persons
  i  whose values, for the characteristic (x-values) being considered,
     fall in group i.
     _
     x  is (Z   + Z )/2  where Z    and Z  are the lower and upper
      i      i-1   i            i-1      i             _
     interval boundaries, respectively, for group i.   x , is assumed
                                                        i
     to be the most representative value for the characteristic for
     households, families, and unrelated individuals or persons in
     group i.   Group c is open-ended,  i.e., no upper interval boundary
     exists.   For this group the approximate average value is

                             _     3
                             x  = --- (Z   )                   (9)
                              c    2    c-1

Standard Error of a Ratio

 Standard error of a ratio.  Certain estimates may be calculated
 as the ratio of two numbers.  The standard error of a ratio, x/y,
 may be computed using
                           ________________________________
                          /    2         2
                x       /  (Sx)      (Sy)          SxSy
        Sx/y = ---    /   ------- + -------  - 2r ------       (10)
                y  \/        x         y            xy


 The standard error of the numerator, Sx , and that of the denomi-
 nator, Sy, may be calculated using formulas described earlier.
 In formula (10), r represents the correlation between the numera-
 tor and the denominator of the estimate.

 For one type of ratio, the denominator is a count of families or
 households and the numerator is a count of persons in those
 families or households with a certain characteristic.   If there
 is at least one person with the characteristic in every family or
 household, use 0.7 as an estimate of r.  An example of this type
 is the mean number of children per family with children.

 For all other types of ratios, r is assumed to be zero.   If r is
 actually positive (negative), then this procedure will provide an
 overestimate (underestimate)  of the standard error of the ratio.
 Examples of this type are the mean number of children per family
 and the poverty rate.

 NOTE:   For estimates expressed as the ratio of x per 100 y or x
 per 1,000 y, multiply formula (10) by 100 or 1,000, respectively,
 to obtain the standard error.

 Illustration

 Suppose the ratio of male movers from abroad, x, to female movers
 from abroad, y, is 1.28.  The standard error of this ratio is
 calculated as follows:

                          x          y          ratio
     Estimate          641,000    501,000        1.28
     a parameter     -0.000035  -0.000035         -
     b parameter         2,626      2,626         -
     Standard error     41,000     36,000        0.12
     90% conf. int.       -          -        1.09 - 1.47

 Using formula (10) with r = 0  the estimate of the standard error
 is
                          ____________________________________
            641,000      /               2                  2
    Sx/y = ---------  \/ (41,000/641,000) + (36,000/501,000)   = 0.12
            501,000

Standard Error of a Median

 Standard error of a median.  The sampling variability of an
 estimated median depends on the form of the distribution and the
 size of the base.  One can approximate the reliability of an
 estimated median by determining a confidence interval about it.
 (See the section on sampling variability for a general discussion
 of confidence intervals. )

 Estimate the 68-percent confidence limits of a median based on
 sample data using the following Procedure.

   1.   Determine,  using formula  (4),  the standard error of the
        estimate of 50 percent from the distribution.

   2.   Add to and subtract from 50 percent the standard error
        determined in step 1.

   3.   Using the distribution of the characteristic, determine
        upper and lower limits of the 68-percent confidence interval
        by calculating values corresponding to the two points estab-
        lished in step 2.

       Use the following formula to calculate the upper and lower
       limits.

                     pN - N
                           1
             X   =  --------- (A - A ) + A                     (11)
              pN      N - N     2   1     1
                       2   1
       where

       X  = estimated upper and lower bounds for the confidence
        pN
       interval  (0 <or= p <or= 1).   For purposes of calculating the
       confidence interval, p takes on the values determined in
       step 2.   Note that X   estimates the median when p = 0.50.
                            pN

       N = for distribution of numbers:   the total number of units
       (persons, households, etc.)  for the characteristic in the
       distribution.

         = for distribution of percentages:   the value 1.0.

       p = the values obtained in step 2.

       A , A  = the lower and upper bounds, respectively, of the
        1   2
       interval containing X  .
                            pN

       N , N  = for distribution of numbers:   the estimated number
        1   2
       of units  (persons, households, etc.) with values of the
       characteristic greater than or equal to A and A , respec-
       tively.                                  1      2

           = for distribution of percentages: the estimated percent-
       age of units (persons, households, etc.) having values of
       the characteristic greater than or equal to A and A ,
       respectively.                                1     2

   4.  Divide the difference between the two points determined in
       step 3 by two to obtain the standard error of the median.

 A recent report by the Bureau of the Census shows the following
 distribution and median income for families in 1989.

          Total                                       66,090
     Under $5,000                                      2,398
     $5,000  to  $9,999                                4,141
     $10,000  to  $14,999                              5,354
     $15,000  to  $19,999                              5,565
     $20,000  to  $24,999                              5,461
     $25,000  to  $29,999                              5,576
     $30,000  to  $34,999                              5,294
     $35,000  to  $39,999                              4,959
     $40,000  to  $44,999                              4,464
     $45,000  to  $49,999                              3,689
     $50,000  to  $54,999                              3,545
     $55,000  to  $59,999                              2,595
     $60,000  to  $64,999                              2,278
     $65,000  to  $69,999                              1,839
     $70,000  to  $74,999                              1,463
     $75,000  to  $79,999                              1,251
     $80,000  to  $84,999                              1,036
     $85,000  to  $89,999                                774
     $90,000  to  $94,999                                695
     $95,000  to  $99,999                                518
     $100,000 and over                                 3,197

     Median income                                   $34,213

 1.   Using formula (4) with b = 2,058, the standard error of 50
      percen~ on a base of 66,090,000 is about 0.3 percent.

 2.   To obtain a 68-percent confidence interval on an estimated
      median, add to and subtract from 50 percent the standard
      error found in step 1.   This yields percent limits of 49.7
      and 50.3.

 3.   The lower and upper limits for the interval in which the
      median falls are 830,000 and $35,000, respectively.

      Then, by addition, the estimated numbers of families with an
      income greater than or equal to $30,000 and $35,000 are
      37,597,000 and 32,303,000, respectively.

      Using formula (11), the upper limit for the confidence
      interval of the median is found to be about

   0.497x66,090,000  -  37,597,000
  --------------------------------- (35,000 - 30,000) - 30,000  =  34,500
     32,303,000  -  37,597,000

           Similarly, the lower limit is found to be about

   0.503x66,090,000  -  37,597,000
  --------------------------------- (35,000 - 30,000) + 30,000  =  34,100
      32,303,000  -  37,597,000

           Thus, a 68-percent confidence interval for the median income
           for families is from $34,100 to $34,500.

 4.   The standard error of the median is, therefore,

                          34,500 - 34,100
                         ----------------- = 200
                                 2

      U.S. Bureau of the Census, Current Population Reports, Series
      P-60,  No.  168,  Money Income and Poverty Status  in the United
      States: 1989  (Advance Data From the March 1990 Current Population
      Survey) U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1990.

Accuracy of State Estimates

    Accuracy of state estimates.  The redesign of the CPS following
    the 1980 census provided an opportunity to increase efficiency
    and accuracy of state data.  All strata are now defined within
    state boundaries.  The sample is allocated among the states to
    produce state and national estimates with the required accuracy
    while keeping total sample size to a minimum.   Improved accuracy
    of state data has been achieved with about the same sample size
    as in the 1970 design.

    Since the CPS is designed to produce both state and national
    estimates, the proportion of the total population sampled and the
    sampling rates differ among the states.   In general, the smaller
    the population of the state the larger the sampling proportion.
    For example, in Vermont approximately 1 in every 300 households
    was sampled each month.   In New York the sample was about 1 in
    every 1,600 households.   Nevertheless, the size of the sample in
    New York is four times larger than in Vermont because New York
    has a larger population.

Computation of Standard Errors for State Estimates

    Computation of standard errors for state estimates.  Standard
    errors for a state may be obtained by adjusting generalized
    standard errors given in the tables or by adjusting the a and b
    parameters and using the standard error equations described
    earlier.

    Multiply the standard errors in Tables I.A, I.B.1 through I.B.9,
    II.A, and II.B.I through II.B.5 by f for that state in Table V.

                                                    2
    Multiply the a and b parameters in Table IV by f  from Table
    obtain state parameters.

    Illustration

    Suppose there were 11,200,000 persons 25 years old and over
    living in New York, 22.7 percent of whom had completed college.
    Interpolation in Table I.B.I shows the standard error on 22.7
    percent to be approximately 0.65.   Table V shows the factor for
    New York to be 0.89.   Thus, the standard error on the estimate cf
    the percentage of persons 25 and older in New York state who had
    completed college is approximately 0.58 = 0.89x0.65.

    To obtain state parameters for educational attainment   2
    in  New York,  multiply the parameters in Table IV by  f  in Table V
    for the state of interest.   For Educational Attainment for Total or
    White in New York this gives a = -.000019xO.80 = -0.000015 and b
    =  2,468x0.80  =  1,974.

Computation of a Factor for Groups of States

    Computation of a factor for groups of states.   The factor adjust-
    ing standard errors for a group of states may be obtained by
    computing a weighted sum of the squared factors for the individu-
    al states in the group and taking the square root of the result.
    Depending on the combination of states, the resulting figure can
    be an overestimate.

    The squared factor for a group of n states is given by

                            __n         2
                            \   POP x f
                            /__    i   i
                        2    i=1
                       f  = --------------                     (12)
                              __n
                              \   POP
                              /__    i
                               i=1
                                             2
    where POP  in the state population and f   is obtained from Table
             i                              i
    V.  The 1980 census population for each state is also given in
    Table V.

    Illustration

    Suppose a factor for the state group Illinois-Wisconsin-Michigan
    was required.   The appropriate squared factor would be

           9,153,000x0.96 + 3,810,000x1.11 + 7,241,000x0.85
      f = -------------------------------------------------  = 0.95
                 9,153,000 + 3,810,000 + 7,241,000

                                       2
   Multiply the a and b parameters by f , 0.90, to obtain parameters
   for the state group; multiply standard errers by f, 0.95, for
   standard errors for this state group.

Computation of Standard Errors for Data for Combined Years

   Computation of standard errors for data for combined years.
   Sometimes estimates for multiple years are combined to improve
                                      _
   precision.   For example, suppose  x  is a mean derived from n
                                      __c
                                  _   \    x /n
   consecutive years' data, i.e., x = /__   i     where the x  are the
                                       i=1                   i

   estimates for the individual years.

   Use the formulas described previously to estimate the standard

   error, Sx , of each year's estimate.  Then the standard error of
            i
   _
   x, s_ , is
       x                          Sx
                           s_  = ----                          (13)
                            x     n
   where

                            ______________________________
                           / __n            __n
                Sx =     /   \     2        \                  (14)
                       /     /__  S xi + 2r /__  Sxi Sxi+1
                    \/         i=1            i=1



   The correlation between consecutive years, r, is 0.35 for non-
   Hispanic households and 0.55 for Hispanic households.   Correla-
   tion between nonconsecutive years is zero.  The correlations were
   derived for income estimates but they can be used for other types
   of estimates where the year-to-year correlation between identical
   households is high.

   Illustration

   Suppose a mean for three consecutive years for some character-
   istic is 1,000,000 and the standard errors for the individual
   years are 67,000, 73,000, and 65,000.

   Using formula (13),  the standard error for the three years
   combined data is
         _____________________________________________________________________
        /     2        2        2
 Sx =\/ 67,000 + 73,000 + 65,000 + 2x0.35x67,000x73,000 + 2x0.35x73,000x65,000

    = 144,000

   Therefore, the standard error of the mean, using formula (13), is

                   s_  =  144,000/3  = 48,000
                    x
Standard Errors, Parameters and Factors

Index

 I.   Standard Errors for Persons

      A. Estimated Numbers

           Use the following table for the listed characteristics
           by Total or White, Black and other races and Hispanic
           Origin:

           Table I.A.      Standard Errors of Estimated Numbers of
                           Persons for Selected Characteristics

                Educational Attainment
                Employment
                Persons Tabulated by Family Income
                Income
                Marital Status, Household, and Family Character-
                istics
                Mobility
                  Demographic Characteristics
                  U.S., County, State, Regional, or MSA
                Poverty
                Unemployment

      B.   Estimated Percentages

           Use the following tables for standard errors of esti-
           mated percentages for characteristics of persons:

            Table I.B.1.   Educational Attainment:  Total or White
            Table I.B.2.   Employment:  All
            Table I.B.3.   Tabulated by Family Income:  Total or
                           White
            Table I.B.4.   Income:  Total or White
            Table I.B.5.   Marital Status, Household and Family
                           Characteristics: Total or White
            Table I.B.6.   Mobility:  Demographic Characteristics:
                           All
            Table I.B.7.   Mobility:  U.S., County, State, Region-
                           al, or MSA:  All
            Table I.B.8.   Poverty:  All
            Table I.B.9.   Unemployment:  Total or White

 II.  Standard Errors for Families, Households, or Unrelated Indi-
      viduals

      A.   Estimated Numbers

           Use the following table for the listed characteristics
           by Total or White, Black and other races and Hispanic
           Origin:

           Table II.A.     Standard Errors of Estimated Numbers of
                           Families, Households, or Unrelated Indi-
                           viduals for Selected Characteristics

                Employment
                Income
                Marital Status, Household, and Family Characteristics
                Poverty
                Unemployment

      B.   Estimated Percentages

           Use the following tables for standard errors of esti-
           mated percentages for characteristics of families,
           households, or unrelated individuals:

           Table II.B.1.   Employment:  All
           Table lI.B.2.   Income:  Total or White
           Table II.B.3.   Marital Status, Household and Family
                           Characteristics and Educational Attain-
                           ment:  Total or White
           Table II.B.4.   Poverty:  All
           Table II.B.5.   Unemployment:  Total or White

 III. Factors and Parameters

      A.  Table III.       Factors to be Applied to Tables I.B.1
                           through I.B.9 and Tables II.B.1 through
                           II.B.5.
      B.  Table IV.        a and b Parameters for Standard Error
                           Estimates for Persons and Families
      C.  Table V.         Factors for State Standard Errors and
                           Parameters and Populations
Tables

 Table I.A.  Standard Errors of Estimated Numbers of Persons for Selected
             Characteristics

                                                  March 1991
                                        Size of Estimate (in thousands)

 Characteristic       25   50    100   250   500   1000    2500   5000   10000

 Educational Attainment
   Total or White      8   11     16    25    35     49      78    109     151
   Black and Other     9   13     18    29    40     56      83    106     106
   Hispanic Origin     9   13     18    29    40     55      80     94      40
 Employment
   Total or White      8   11     16    25    35     50      78    109     151
   Black and Other     8   11     16    25    35     48      72     92      95
   Hispanic Origin     8   11     16    25    34     48      70     85      62
 Persons Tabulated by Family Income
   Total or White     11   15     21    34    47     67     106    148     207
   Black and Other    11   16     23    36    50     70     108    145     182
   Hispanic Origin    11   16     23    36    50     69     101    123      95
 Income
   Total or White      8   11     15    24    34     47      75    105     146
   Black and Other     8   11     16    25    36     50      77    103     129
   Hispanic Origin     8   11     16    25    35     49      71     87      67
 Marital Status, Household and Family
   Total or White     11   15     22    35    49     69     109    153     213
   Black and Other    13   19     26    41    58     81     124    165     201
   Hispanic Origin    13   18     26    41    57     79     117    142     109
 Mobility
   Demography
    Total or White     8   11     16    26    36     51      80    111     151
    Black and Other    8   11     16    26    36     51      80    111     151
    Hispanic Origin    8   11     16    25    35     49      72     88      68
   U.S., County, State, Region or MSA
    Total or White    13   19     27    42    60     84     133    187     262
    Black and Other   13   19     27    42    60     84     133    187     262
    Hispanic Origin   13   19     27    42    58     81     119    145     111
  Poverty
    Total or White    15   22     31    49    69     97     153    216     302
    Black and Other   15   22     31    49    68     96     147    199     250
    Hispanic Origin   15   22     31    48    67     93     137    167     128
 Unemployment
   Total or Uhite      8   11     15    24    34     48      76    106     148
   Black and Other     8   12     16    26    36     50      76     97     102
   Hispanic Origin     8   12     16    26    36     50      73     89      68


 Characteristic          15000   25000    50000  100000  150000

 Educational Attainment
   Total or White          181     223      275     238     (x)
   Black and Other          12     (x)      (x)     (x)     (x)
   Hispanic Origin         (x)     (x)      (x)     (x)     (x)
 Esployment
   Total or White          182     224      277     242     (x)
   Black and Other          39     (x)      (x)     (x)     (x)
   Hispanic Origin         (x)     (x)      (x)     (x)     (x)
 Persons Tabulated by Family Income
   Total or White          250     315      413     480     426
   Black and Other         189     118      (x)     (x)     (x)
   Hispanic Origin         (x)     (x)      (x)     (x)     (x)
 Income
   Total or White          177     222      292     340     301
   Black and Other         134      83      (x)     (x)     (x)
   Hispanic Origin         (x)     (x)      (x)     (x)     (x)
 Marital Status, Household and Family
   Total or White          257     322      417     467     364
   Black and Other         198     (x)      (x)     (x)     (x)
   Hispanic Origin         (x)     (x)      (x)     (x)     (x)
 Mobility
   Demography
    Total or White         178     209      209     (x)     (x)
    Black and Other        178     209      209     (x)     (x)
    Hispanic Origin        (x)     (x)      (x)     (x)     (x)
   U.S., County, State, Region or MSA
    Total or White         318     403      542     680     712
    Black and Other        318     403      542     680     712
    Hispanic Origin        (x)     (x)      (x)     (x)     (x)
  Poverty
    Total or White         366     463      619     762     770
    Black and Other        264     189      (x)     (x)     (x)
    Hispanic Origin        (x)     (x)      (x)     (x)     (x)
 Unemployment
   Total or White          177     218      270     236     (x)
   Black and Other          57     (x)      (x)     (x)     (x)
   Hispanic Origin         (x)     (x)      (x)     (x)     (x)

 Note:  Multiply these standard errors by 1.5 when tabulating by nonmetropol-
        itan.  When the characteristic of Interest is total state population,
        the standard error is 0.0.
        (x) Not applicable.


 Table I.B.1.  Standard Errors of Estimated Percentages for Persons
                     Educational Attainment:  March 1991
                               Total or White
 Base of
 Percentage        1 or    2 or     5 or     10 or    25 or     50
 (thousands)        99      98       95        9O       75

           25      3.1      4.4      6.8      9.4     13.6     15.7
           50      2.2      3.1      4.8      6.7      9.6     11.1
          100      1.6      2.2      3.4      4.7      6.8      7.9
          250      1.0      1.4      2.2      3.0      4.3      5.0
          500      0.7      1.0      1.5      2.1      3.0      3.5
         1000      0.5      0.7      1.1      1.5      2.2      2.5
         2500      0.3      0.4      0.7      0.9      1.4      1.6
         5000      0.2      0.3      0.5      0.7      1.0      1.1
        10000      0.16     0.2      0.3      0.5      0.7      0.8
        25000      0.10     0.14     0.2      0.3      0.4      0.5
        50000      0.07     0.10     0.15     0.2      0.3      0.4
       100000      0.05     0.07     0.11     0.1      0.2      0.2

 NOTE:    Multiply these standard errors by 1.5 when tabulating by
          nonmetropolitan.  See Table III for factors to be applied to
          these standard errors for Black and Other Races and Hispanic
          Origin.

 Table I.B.2.  Standard Errors of Estimated Percentages for Persons
                           Employment:  March 1991
                               Total or White
      Base of
   Percentage       1  or     2  or    5 or    10 or     25 or       50
  (thousands)         99        98      95       90        75

           25        3.1       4.4     6.9      9.5       13.7      15.8
           50        2.2       3.1     4.9      6.7        9.7      11.1
          100        1.6       2.2     3.4      4.7        6.8       7.9
          250        1.0       1.4     2.2      3.0        4.3       5.0
          500        0.7       1.0     1.5      2.1        3.1       3.5
         1000        0.5       0.7     1.1      1.5        2.2       2.5
         2500        0.3       0.4     0.7      0.9        1.4       1.6
         5000        0.2       0.3     0.5      0.7        1.0       1.1
        10000        0.16      0.2     0.3      0.5        0.7       0.8
        25000        0.10      0.14    0.2      0.3        0.4       0.5
        50000        0.07      0.10    0.15     0.2        0.3       0.4
       100000        0.05      0.07    0.11     0.1        0.2       0.2

 NOTE:    Multiply these standard errors by 1.5 when tabulating by
          nonmetropolitan.  See Table III for factors to be applied to
          these standard errors for Black and Other Races and Hispanic
          Origin.

 Table I.B.3.  Standard Errors of Estimated Percentages for Persons
                    Tabulated by Family Income:  March 1991
                                    Total or White
      Base of       1 or       2 or         5 or    10 or    25 or     50
   Percentage        99         98           95       90       75
  (thousands)
           25       4.2         5.9          9.3     12.7    18.4     21.2
           50       3.0         4.2          6.5      9.0    13.0     15.0
          100       2.1         3.0          4.6      6.4     9.2     10.6
          250       1.3         1.9          2.9      4.0     5.8      6.7
          500       0.9         1.3          2.1      2.8     4.1      4.7
         1000       0.7         0.9          1.5      2.0     2.9      3.4
         2500       0.4         0.6          0.9      1.3     1.8      2.1
         5000       0.3         0.4          0.7      0.9     1.3      1.5
        10000       0.2         0.3          0.5      0.6     0.9      1.1
        25000       0.13        0.19         0.3      0.4     0.6      0.7
        50000       0.09        0.13         0.2      0.3     0.4      0.5
       100000       0.07        0.09         0.15     0.2     0.3      0.3

 NOTE:    Multiply these standard errors by 1.5 when tabulating by
          nonmetropolitan.  See Table III for factors to be applied to
          these standard errors for Black and Other Races and Hispanic
          Origin.


 Table I.B.4.  Standard Errors of Estimated Percentages for Persons
                             Income:  March 1991
                                Total or White
    Base of
   Percentage      1 or     2 or      5 or    10 or      25 or       50
 (thousands)         99       98        95       90        75

           25       3.0      4.2       6.5      9.0       13.0      15.0
           50       2.1      3.0       4.6      6.4        9.2      10.6
          100       1.5      2.1       3.3      4.5        6.5       7.5
          250       0.9      1.3       2.1      2.8        4.1       4.7
          500       0.7      0.9       1.5      2.0        2.9       3.4
         1000       0.5      0.7       1.0      1.4        2.1       2.4
         2500       0.3      0.4       0.7      0.9        1.3       1.5
         5000       0.2      0.3       0.5      0.6        0.9       1.1
        10000       0.1      0.2       0.3      0.5        0.7       0.8
        25000       0.09     0.13      0.2      0.3        0.4       0.5
        50000       0.07     0.09      0.15     0.2        0.3       0.3
       100000       0.05     0.07      0.10     0.14       0.2       0.2

 NOTE:    Multiply these standard errors by 1.5 when tabulating by
          metropolitan.  See Table III for factors to be applied to
          these standard errors for Black and Other Races and Hispanic
          Origin.


 Table I.B.5.  Standard Errors of Estimated Percentages for Persons
 Marital Status, Household and Family Characteristics:  March 1991
                               Total or White
 Base of
 Percentage         1 or     2 or      5 or   10 or      25 or       50
 (thousands)         99       98        95      9O         75

           25       4.4      6.1       9.5     13.1       18.9      21.9
           50       3.1      4.3       6.7      9.3       13.4      15.5
          100       2.2      3.1       4.8      6.6        9.5      10.9
          250       1.4      1.9       3.0      4.2        6.0       6.9
          500       1.0      1.4       2.1      2.9        4.2       4.9
         1000       0.7      1.0       1.5      2.1        3.0       3.5
         2500       0.4      0.6       1.0      1.3        1.9       2.2
         5000       0.3      0.4       0.7      0.9        1.3       1.5
        10000       0.2      0.3       0.5      0.7        0.9       1.1
        25000       0.14     0.19      0.3      0.4        0.6       0.7
        50000       0.10     0.14      0.2      0.3        0.4       0.5
       100000       0.07     0.10      0.15     0.2        0.3       0.3

 NOTE:    Multiply these standard errors by 1.5 when tabulating by
          nonmetropolitan.  See Table III for factors to be applied to
          these standard errors for Black and Other Races and Hispanic
          Origin.

 Table I.B.6.  Standard Errors of Estimated Percentages for Persons
               Mobility:  Demographic Characteristics:  March 1991
                                    All
    Base of
   Percentage       1 or     2 or      5 or    10 or      25 or      50
   (thousands)       99       98        95       90        75

           25       3.2      4.5       7.1      9.7       14.0      16.2
           50       2.3      3.2       5.0      6.9        9.9      11.5
          100       1.6      2.3       3.5      4.9        7.0       8.1
          250       1.0      1.4       2.2      3.1        4.4       5.1
          500       0.7      1.0       1.6      2.2        3.1       3.6
         1000       0.5      0.7       1.1      1.5        2.2       2.6
         2500       0.3      0.5       0.7      1.0        1.4       1.6
         5000       0.2      0.3       0.5      0.7        1.0       1.1
        10000       0.2      0.2       0.4      0.5        0.7       0.8
        25000       0.10     0.14      0.2      0.3        0.4       0.5
        50000       0.07     0.10      0.16     0.2        0.3       0.4
       100000       0.05     0.07      0.11     0.15       0.2       0.3

 NOTE:    Multiply these standard errors by 1.5 when tabulating by
          metropolitan.  See Table III for factors to be applied to
          these standard errors for Black and Other Races and Hispanic
          Origin.

 Table I.B.7.  Standard Errors of Estimated Percentages for Persons
         Mobility:  U.S., County, State, Region or MSA:  March 1991
                                    All
   Base of
 Percentage         1 or    2 or    5 or   10 or    25 or     50
 (thousands)         99      98      95      90       75

           25       5.3     7.5     11.6    16.0     23.1    26.7
           50       3.8     5.3      8.2    11.3     16.4    18.9
          100       2.7     3.7      5.8     8.0     11.6    13.4
          250       1.7     2.4      3.7     5.1      7.3     8.4
          500       1.2     1.7      2.6     3.6      5.2     6.0
         1000       0.8     1.2      1.8     2.5      3.7     4.2
         2500       0.5     0.7      1.2     1.6      2.3     2.7
         5000       0.4     0.5      0.8     1.1      1.6     1.9
        10000       0.3     0.4      0.6     0.8      1.2     1.3
        25000       0.17    0.2      0.4     0.5      0.7     0.8
        50000       0.12    0.17     0.3     0.4      0.5     0.6
       100000       0.08    0.12     0.18    0.3      0.4     0.4

 NOTE:    Multiply these standard errors by 1.5 when tabulating by
          nonmetropolitan.  See Table III for factors to be applied to
          these standard errors for Black and Other Races and Hispanic
          Origin.

 Table I.B.8.  Standard Errors of Estimated Percentages for Persons
                            Poverty:  March 1991
                                    All
    Base of
 Percentage         1 or     2 or     5 or    10 or      25 or       50
 (thousands)         99       98       95       90         75

           25       6.1      8.6      13.4     18.5       26.7      30.8
           50       4.3      6.1       9.5     13.1       18.9      21.8
          100       3.1      4.3       6.7      9.2       13.3      15.4
          250       1.9      2.7       4.2      5.8        8.4       9.7
          500       1.4      1.9       3.0      4.1        6.0       6.9
         1000       1.0      1.4       2.1      2.9        4.2       4.9
         2500       0.6      0.9       1.3      1.8        2.7       3.1
         5000       0.4      0.6       1.0      1.3        1.9       2.2
        10000       0.3      0.4       0.7      0.9        1.3       1.5
        25000       0.19     0.3       0.4      0.6        0.8       1.0
        50000       0.14     0.19      0.3      0.4        0.6       0.7
       100000       0.10     0.14      0.2      0.3        0.4       0.5

 NOTE:    Multiply these standard errors by 1.5 when tabulating by
          nonmetropolitan.  See Table III for factors to be applied to
          these standard errors for Black and Other Races and Hispanic
          Origin.

 Table I.B.9.  Standard Errors of Estimated Percentages for Persons
                          Unemployment:  March 1991
                                Total or White
      Base of
   Percentage      1  or    2  or      5 or    10 or     25 or      50
  (thousands)        99       98        95       90        75

           25       3.1      4.3       6.7      9.2      13.3      15.4
           50       2.2      3.0       4.7      6.5       9.4      10.9
          100       1.5      2.1       3.3      4.6       6.6       7.7
          250       1.0      1.4       2.1      2.9       4.2       4.9
          500       0.7      1.0       1.5      2.1       3.0       3.4
         1000       0.5      0.7       1.1      1.5       2.1       2.4
         2500       0.3      0.4       0.7      0.9       1.3       1.5
         5000       0.2      0.3       0.5      0.7       0.9       1.1
        10000       0.15     0.2       0.3      0.5       0.7       0.8
        25000       0.10     0.14      0.2      0.3       0.4       0.5
        50000       0.07     0.10      0.15     0.2       0.3       0.3
       100000       0.05     0.07      0.11     0.15      0.2       0.2

 NOTE:    Multiply these standard errors by 1.5 when tabulating by
          nonmetropalitan.  See Table III for factors to be applied to
          these standard errors for Black and Other Races and Hispanic
          Origin.

 Table II.A.  Standard Errors of Estimated Numbers of Families, Households,
              or Unrelated Individuals for Selected Characteristics
                                   March 1991

                                  Size of Estimate (in thousands)
 Characteristic        25  50   100   250    500   1000    2500   5000   10000
 Employment
   Total or White      7   10    15    23    33     46      72    100      136
   Black and Other     7   10    15    23    32     43      61     64      (x)
   Hispanic Origin     7   10    15    23    32     44      65     79       57
 Income
   Total or White      7   10    14    23    32     45      71    100      139
   Black and Other     7   11    15    24    33     46      70     93      109
   Hispanic Origin     7   11    15    23    33     45      67     81       63
 Marital Status, Household and Family
   Total or White      7   10    14    22    31     43      68     96      134
   Black and Other     7    9    13    21    29     41      62     82      100
   Hispanic Origin     7    9    13    20    29     40      58     71       54
 Poverty
   Total or White      7   11    15    24    34     48      79    116      178
   Black and Other     7   11    15    24    34     48      79    116      178
   Hispanic Origin     7   11    15    24    34     49      82    126      202
 Unemployment
   Total or White      8   11    15    24    34     48      76    106      148
   Black and Other     8   12    16    26    36     50      76     97      102
   Hispanic Origin     8   12    16    26    36     50      73     89       68



  Characteristic             15000   25000    50000  100000  150000
  Employment
    Total or White             160     187      180     (x)     (x)
    Black and Other            (x)     (x)      (x)     (x)     (x)
    Hispanic Origin            (x)     (x)      (x)     (x)     (x)
  Income
    Total or White             168     210      270     293     197
    Black and Other             99     (x)      (x)     (x)     (x)
    Hispanic Origin            (x)     (x)      (x)     (x)     (x)
  Marital Status, Household and Family
    Total or White             161     201      260     283     193
    Black and Other             99     (x)      (x)     (x)     (x)
    Hispanic Origin            (x)     (x)      (x)     (x)     (x)
  Poverty
    Total or White             233     336      583    1065    1544
    Black and Other            233     336      583    1065    1544
    Hispanic Origin            274     414      758    1440    2121
  Unemployment
    Total or White             177     218      270     236     (x)
    Black and Other             57     (x)      (x)     (x)     (x)
    Hispanic Origin            (x)     (x)      (x)     (x)     (x)

 Note:    Multiply these standard errors by 1.5 when tabulating by nonmetro-
          politan.
          (x) Not applicable.


 Table II.B.1.  Standard Errors of Estimated Percentages for Families,
                Households, or Unrelated Individuals
                Employment:  March 1991
                                           All
          Base of
       Percentage      1 or     2 or       5 or     10 or    25 or       50
       (thousands)       99       98         95       90       75

                25      2.9      4.1        6.4      8.8      12.7      14.7
                50      2.1      2.9        4.5      6.2       9.0      10.4
               100      1.5      2.1        3.2      4.4       6.3       7.3
               250      0.9      1.3        2.0      2.8       4.0       4.6
               500      0.7      0.9        1.4      2.0       2.8       3.3
              1000      0.5      0.6        1.0      1.4       2.0       2.3
              2500      0.3      0.4        0.6      0.9       1.3       1.5
              5000      0.2      0.3        0.5      0.6       0.9       1.0
             10000      0.15     0.2        0.3      0.4       0.6       0.7
             25000      0.09     0.13       0.2      0.3       0.4       0.5
             50000      0.07     0.09       0.14     0.20      0.3       0.3
            100000      0.05     0.06       0.10     0.14      0.2       0.2

      NOTE:    Multiply these standard errors by 1.5 when tabulating by
               metropolitan.  See Table III for factors to be applied to
               these standard errors for Black and Other Races and Hispanic
               Origin.


 Table II.B.2.  Standard Errors of Estimated Percentages for Families,
                    Households, or Unrelated Individuals
                             Income:  March 1991
                               Total or White
   Base of
 Percentage        1 or    2 or       5 or    10 or     25 or       50
 (thousands)         99      98         95      90        75

           25       2.9     4.0        6.3     8.6       12.4      14.3
           50       2.0     2.8        4.4     6.1        8.8      10.1
          100       1.4     2.0        3.1     4.3        6.2       7.2
          250       0.9     1.3        2.0     2.7        3.9       4.5
          500       0.6     0.9        1.4     1.9        2.8      32
         1000       0.5     0.6        1.0     1.4        2.0       2.3
         2500       0.3     0.4        0.6     0.9        1.2       1.4
         5000       0.2     0.3        0.4     0.6        0.9       1.0
        10000       0.14    0.2        0.3     0.4        0.6       0.7
        25000       0.09    0.13       0.20    0.3        0.4       0.5
        50000       0.06    0.09       0.14    0.19       0.3       0.3
       100000       0.05    0.06       0.10    0.14       0.20      0.2

 NOTE:    Multiply these standard errors by 1.5 when tabulating by
          nonmetropolitan.  See Table III for factors to be applied to
          these standard errors for Black and Other Races and Hispanic
          Origin.

 Table II.B.3.  Standard Errors of Estimated Percentages for Families,
                Households, or Unrelated Individuals
    Marital Status, Household and Family Characteristics, and Educational
                           Attainment:  March 1991
                                Total or White
      Base of
   Percentage       1  or     2  or    5 or    10 or      25 or      50
  (thousands)         99        98      95       90         75

           25        2.7       3.9     6.0      8.3       11.9      13.8
           50        1.9       2.7     4.2      5.8        8.4       9.7
          100        1.4       1.9     3.0      4.1        6.0       6.9
          250        0.9       1.2     1.9      2.6        3.8       4.4
          500        0.6       0.9     1.3      1.8        2.7      31
         1000        0.4       0.6     0.9      1.3        1.9       2.2
         2500        0.3       0.4     0.6      0.8        1.2       1.4
         5000        0.19      0.3     0.4      0.6        0.8       1.0
        10000        0.14      0.19    0.3      0.4        0.6       0.7
        25000        0.09      0.12    0.19     0.3        0.4       0.4
        50000        0.06      0.09    0.13     0.18       0.3       0.3
       100000        0.04      0.06    0.09     0.13       0.19      0.2

 N0TE:    Multiply these standard errors by 1.5 when tabulating by
          metropolitan.  See Table III for factors to be applied to
          these standard errors for Black and Other Races and Hispanic
          Origin.


 Table II.B.4.  Standard Errors of Estimated Percentages for Families,
                     Households, or Unrelated Individuals
                             Poverty:  March 1991
                                     All
    Base of
 Percentage        1 or    2 or       5 or    10 or     25 or       50
 (thousands)        99      98         95       90        75

           25       3.0     4.2        6.5      9.0      13.0      15.0
           50       2.1     3.0        4.6      6.4       9.2      10.6
          100       1.5     2.1        3.3      4.5       6.5       7.5
          250       0.9     1.3        2.1      2.8       4.1       4.7
          500       0.7     0.9        1.5      2.0       2.9       3.3
         1000       0.5     0.7        1.0      1.4       2.1       2.4
         2500       0.3     0.4        0.7      0.9       1.3       1.5
         5000       O.2     0.3        0.5      0.6       0.9       1.1
        10000       0.15    0.2        0.3      0.4       0.6       0.7
        25000       0.09    0.13       0.2      0.3       0.4       0.5
        50000       0.07    0.09       0.15     0.2       0.3       0.3
       100000       0.05    0.07       0.10     0.14      0.21      0.2

 NOTE:    Multiply these standard errors by 1.5 when tabulating by
          nonmetropolitan.  See Table III for factors to be applied to
          these standard errors for Black and Other Races and Hispanic
          Origin.

 Table II.B.5.  Standard Errors of Estimated Percentages for Families,
                     Households, or Unrelated Individuals
                          Unemployment:  March 1991
                                Total or White
    Base of
 Percentage        1 or     2 or      5 or    10 or     25 or       50
 (thousands)        99       98        95       90        75

           25       3.1      4.3       6.7      9.2      13.3      15.4
           50       2.2      3.0       4.7      6.5       9.4      10.9
          100       1.5      2.1       3.3      4.6       6.6       7.7
          250       1.0      1.4       2.1      2.9       4.2       4.9
          500       0.7      1.0       1.5      2.1       3.0       3.4
         1000       0.5      0.7       1.1      1.5       2.1       2.4
         2500       0.3      0.4       0.7      0.9       1.3       1.5
         5000       0.2      0.3       0.5      0.7       0.9       1.1
        10000       0.15     0.2       0.3      0.5       0.7       0.8
        25000       0.10     0.14      0.2      0.3       0.4       0.5
        50000       0.07     0.10      0.15     0.2       0.3       0.3
       100000       0.05     0.07      0.11     0.15      0.2       0.2

 NOTE:    Multiply these standard errors by 1.5 when tabulating by
          nonmetropolitan.  See Table III for factors to be applied to
          these standard errors for Black and Other Races and Hispanic
          Origin.

 Table III.  Factors to be Applied to Tables I.B.1 Through I.B.9
                    and Tables II.B.1 Through II.B.5.
                                                           Factor
                                             Total or    Black and    Hispanic
 Characteristic                                White    Other Races     Origin

 PERSONS
    Educational Attainment                      1.00        1.16          1.16
    Employment                                  1.00        1.00          1.00
    Persons Tabulated by Family Income          1.00        1.07          1.07
    Income                                      1.00        1.07          1.07
    Marital Status, Household and
       Family Characteristics                   1.00        1.20          1.20
    Mobility
       Demographic Characteristics              1.00        1.00          1.00
       US,County, State, Regional or MSA        1.00        1.00          1.00
    Poverty                                     1.00        1.00          1.00
    Unemployment                                1.00        1.07          1.07

   FAMILIES, HOUSEHOLDS, OR UNRELATED INDIVIDUALS
        Employment                              1.00        1.00          1.00
        Income                                  1.00        1.04          1.04
        Marital Status, Household and
           Family Characteristics               1.00        0.95          0.95
        Poverty                                 1.00        1.00          1.00
        Unemployment                            1.00        1.07          1.07

 NOTE:  When the characteristic of interest is the total state population, the
        factor is 0.00.

 Table IV.  a and b Parameters for Standard Error Estimates for Persons and
            Families
                                  March 1991

                                     Total or White         Black

 Characteristic                          a       b         a        b

 PERSONS
 Educational Attainment              -0.000019  2468   -0.000222  3339
 Employment Characteristics          -0.000019  2485   -0.000159  2485
 Persons by Family Income            -0.000022  4508   -0.000184  5154
 Income                              -0.000011  2254   -0.000092  2577
 Marital Status, Household and Family
    Characteristics                  -0.000026  4785   -0.000283  6864
 Mobility Characteristics
   Demographic Characteristics       -0.000035  2626   -0.000035  2626
   U.S., County, State, Regional,
   or MSA                            -0.000025  7130   -0.000025  7130
 Poverty                             -0.000037  9501   -0.000323  9501
 Unemployment                        -0.000018  2357   -0.000166  2708

 FAMILIES, HOUSEHOLDS, OR UKRELATED INDIVIDUALS
 Employment Characteristics          -0.000030  2150   -0.000264  2150
 Income                              -0.000012  2058   -0.000106  2243
 Marital Status, Household and Family
    Characteristics, Educational     -0.000011  1899   -0.000071  1716
    Attainment, Population by Age or Sex
 Poverty                              0.000091  2243    0.000091  2243
 Unemployment                        -0.000018  2357   -0.000166  2708


 Characteristic                          a       b

 PERSONS
 Educational Attainment              -0.000318  3339
 Employment Characteristics          -0.000210  2485
 Persons by Family Income            -0.000426  5154
 Income                              -0.000213  2577
 Marital Status, Household and Family
    Characteristics                  -0.000567  6864
 Mobility Characteristics
   Demographic Characteristics       -0.000217  2626
   U.S., County, State, Regional,
   or MSA                            -0.000589  7130
 Poverty                             -0.000785  9501
 Unemployment                        -0.000224  2708

 FAMILIES, HOUSEHOLDS, OR UKRELATED INDIVIDUALS
 Employment Characteristics          -0.000182  2150
 Income                              -0.000185  2243
 Marital Status, Household and Family
    Characteristics, Educational     -0.000142  1716
    Attainment, Population by Age or Sex
 Poverty                              0.000185  2243
 Unemployment                        -0.000224  2708


 NOTE:   Multiply a and b parameters by 1.5 when tabulating by nonmetro-
         politan.  If the characteristic of interest is total state
         population, not subtotaled by race or ethnic origin, the a and b
         parameters are 0.0.


 Table V. Factors for State Standard Errors and Parameters and State
          Populations for March 1991


 State                    f         f(2)        Population

 Alabama                 1.07      1.15         3,202,000
 Alaska                  0.36      0.13           383,000
 Arizona                 1.03      1.06         2,719,000
 Arkansas                0.81      0.66         1,867,000
 California              1.12      1.25        22,439,000
 Colorado                1.03      1.06         2,581,000
 Connecticut             1.10      1.20         2,604,000
 Delaware                0.48      0.23           531,000
 District of Columbia    0.48      0.23           483,000
 Florida                 0.95      0.90        10,258,000
 Georgia                 1.33      1.78         4,940,000
 Hawaii                  0.59      0.35           866,000
 Idaho                   0.51      0.26           758,000
 Illinois                0.96      0.93         9,153,000
 Indiana                 1.30      1.70         4,381,000
 Iowa                    0.87      0.76         2,245,000
 Kansas                  0.81      0.66         1,952,000
 Kentucky                1.03      1.06         2,929,000
 Louisiana               1.14      1.29         3,302,000
 Maine                   0.61      0.37           969,000
 Maryland                1.23      1.52         3,716,000
 Massachusetts           0.70      0.49         4,794,000
 Michigan                0.85      0.73         7,241,000
 Minnesota               1.14      1.31         3,395,000
 Mississippi             0.81      0.66         1,981,000
 Missouri                1.25      1.57         4,064,000
 Montana                 0.47      0.22           622,000
 Nebraska                0.64      0.41         1,253,000
 Nevada                  0.60      0.36           874,000
 New Hampshire           0.64      0.41           873,000
 New Jersey              0.78      0.61         6,210,000
 New Mexico              0.64      0.41         1,142,000
 New York                0.89      0.80        14,294,000
 North Carolina          0.70      0.49         5,212,000
 North Dakota            0.40      0.16           507,000
 Ohio                    0.91      0.83         8,557,000
 Oklahoma                0.94      0.88         2,506,000
 Oregon                  0.97      0.95         2,233,000
 Pennsylvania            0.95      0.90         9,678,000
 Rhode Island            0.59      0.35           805,000
 South Carolina          0.90      0.81         2,719,000
 South Dakota            0.40      0.16           548,000
 Tennessee               1.13      1.28         3,903,000
 Texas                   1.12      1.26        12,792,000
 Utah                    0.68      0.46         1,160,000
 Vermont                 0.45      0.20           449,000
 Virginia                1.18      1.39         4,859,000
 Washington              1.17      1.37         3,729,000
 West Virginia           0.72      0.52         1,479,000
 Wisconsin               1.11      1.23         3,810,000
 Wyoming                 0.42      0.18           359,000



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