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Scientific Data Documentation
Fetal Death Detail Record, 1991
DSN: CC36.FETDTH91
Documentation of the Fetal Death Tape File for 1991 Data
Information on the fetal death data tape file was abstracted from
the Report of Fetal Death forms received in all the States and
the District of Columbia, with a record on the data file for each
report of a fetal death received.  The data is provided to the
National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS) through the Vital
Statistics Cooperative Program by the registration offices of all
States, the District of Columbia, and New York City.  Data from
New York, excluding New York City, were submitted in machine
readable form.  All other 1991 data were coded and keyed by the
U.S. Bureau of the Census.
Fetal death data are limited to deaths occurring within the
United States to U.S. residents and nonresidents.  Fetal deaths
occurring to U.S. citizens outside the United States are not
included in this data file.
In NCHS tabulations by place of residence, fetal deaths to
nonresidents of the United States are excluded.  The foreign
resident records can be identified by code 4 in tape location 7
of the data tape.  In addition, the majority of fetal death
tables published by NCHS include only those fetal deaths with
stated or presumed gestation of 20 weeks or more (see the
Technical Appendix).  Those records identified with a 2 in tape
location 5 are included in these tabulations.  All other records
are excluded.
Effective January 1, 1989, a revised U.S. Standard Report of
Fetal Death replaced the 1978 revision.  The 1989 revision
provides a wide variety of new information on maternal and fetal
health characteristics.  Questions on complications of labor and
delivery and congenital anomalies of fetus were changed from an
open-ended question to a checkbox format to improve reporting of
information.  Several new items were added that improve the data
file's value for monitoring and research of factors affecting
fetal mortality. 
The Office of Management and Budget revised its designation of
metropolitan statistical areas based on figures from the 1990
Census.  Effective with the 1990 data file, NCHS has been using
these new definitions and codes as indicated in the listing of
320 Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MSAs), Primary Metropolitan
Statistical Areas (PMSAs), and New England County Metropolitan
Areas (NECMSs) included in this documentation.  There are also 20
Consolidated Metropolitan Statistical Areas (CMSAs), which are
made up of PMSAs.  Other geographic changes based on the 1990
Census will be implemented later.
NCHS has adopted a new policy on release of vital statistics unit
record data files.  This new policy was implemented with the 1989
vital event files to prevent the inadvertent disclosure of
individuals and institutions.  As a result, this file does not
contain the actual day of the death.  The geographic detail is
also restricted; only counties and cities of 100,000 or more
population based on the 1980 Census as well as metropolitan areas
of 100,000 or more population based on the 1990 Census, are
identified.
 Included in this document are:
 1.   List of data elements and tape locations.
 2.   Machine/File/Data Characteristics.
 3.   Detail Record Layout.
 4.   Geographic Code Outline.
 5.   Metropolitan Statistical Areas as adopted for use by NCHS/DVS.
 6.   Documentation Tables 1-14.
 7.   Technical Appendix.

SYMBOLS USED IN TABLES
 Symbol    Explanation
  ---     Data not available
  ...     Category not applicable
   -      Quantity zero
  0.0     Quantity more than 0 but less than 0.05
   *      Figure does not meet standards of reliability or precision
 List of Data Elements and Tape Locations
 
                                        Tape
     Data Items                              Locations

 1.  General
     a.   Data year                          1-4
     b.   Tabulation flag                    5
     c.   Record type                        6
     d.   Resident status                    7

 2.  Occurrence
     a.   NCHS State                         17-18
     b.   Expanded NCHS State                15-16
     c.   NCHS County                        19-21
     d.   Population size - county           27
     e.   Division                           13
     f.   Region                             12
     g.   FIPS State                         22-23
     h.   FIPS County                        24-26

 3.  Residence                          
     a.   NCHS state                         33-34
     b.   Expanded NCHS State                31-32
     c.   NCHS County                        35-37
     d.   NCHS  City                         38-40
     e.   Population size - city             41
     f.   Population size - county           59
     g.   NCHS SMSA                          357-359
     h.   Met/Nonmet county                  42
     i.   Division                           29
     j.   Region                             28
     k.   FIPS State                         43-44
     l.   FIPS County                        45-47
     m.   FIPS SMSA                          55-58

 4.  Prenatal Care
     a.   Month began                        113-116
     b.   Number of visits                   117-120

 5.  Fetus
     a.   Sex                                202-203
     b.   Race                               204-206
     c.   Plurality                          214-215
     d.   Weight at delivery                 207-213
     e.   Gestation                          197-201,216-217
     f.   Month/year of delivery             186-187,190-193
     g.   Day of week of delivery            194

                                                  Tape
     Data Items                                   Locations
6. Mother a. Age 69-76,87-88 b. Race 79-81 c. Marital status 86 d. Education 82-84 e. Hispanic origin 76-77 7. Pregnancy History a. Born alive, now living 98-99 b. Born alive, now dead 100-101 c. Other terminations 102-103 d. Total birth order 109-111 e. Live birth order 105-107 8. Father a. Age 160-164,173-174 b. Race 167-169 c. Education 170-172 d. Hispanic origin 165-166 9. Other Items a. Residence reporting flags 315-339 b. Attendant at delivery 10-11 c. Place of delivery 8-9 d. Interval since last live birth 135-139 10. Medical and Health Data a. Method of delivery 220-226 b. Medical risk factors 228-244 c. Other risk factors Tobacco 245-248 Alcohol 249-252 Weight gain during pregnancy 253-255 d. Obstetric procedures 256-262 e. Complications of labor and/or delivery 263-278 f. Congenital anomalies 279-300
Machine/File/Data Characteristics:
 1.   Machine used:            IBM/3081/K
 2.   Language used:           PL/1
 3.   File organization:       One file, one reel
 4.   Record format:           Blocked, fixed format
 5.   Record count:            63,265
 6.   Record length:           360
 7.   Blocksize                32400
 8.   Recording mode:          IBM/EBCDIC 8-bit code
 9.   Code scheme              Numeric/Alphabetic/Blanks
 10.  Last block:              May be a short block
 11.  Data counts:             ALL FETAL DEATHS:
                               a.   By occurrence:       63,265
                               b.   By residence:        63,212
                               c.   To foreign residents:    53
                              20 WEEKS AND OVER:
                               a.   By occurrence:       30,185
                               b.   By residence:        30,160
                               c.   To foreign residents:    25

1991 FETAL DEATHS DETAIL RECORD
 Item           Item           Variable Name,
 Location       Length         Item and Code Outline
  1-4            4            DATAYEAR
                              Year of Delivery (Data Year)  
                                1991     ...    1991
  5              1            TABFLAG
                              Tabulation Inclusion Flag
                              The majority of fetal death tables published 
                              by NCHS/DVS include only those fetal deaths  
                              with stated or presumed gestation of 20 weeks          
                              or more, see the Technical Appendix. This 
                              position is used to indicate which records 
                              to include in these tables.
                                1    ...    Under 20 weeks (excluded)
                                2    ...    20 weeks or more (included)
  6               1           RECTYPE
                              Record Type
                                1     ...    RESIDENTS:  State and county of 
                                             occurrence and residence are the 
                                             same 
                                2     ...    NONRESIDENTS:  State and/or 
                                             county of occurrence and 
                                             residence are different.
  7               1           RESTATUS
                              Resident Status
     
                              1    ...  RESIDENTS: State and county of 
                                        occurrence and residence 
                                        are the same.
                              2    ...  INTRASTATE NONRESIDENTS: State 
                                        of ccurrence and residence are 
                                        the same, but county is different.
                              3    ...  INTERSTATE NONRESIDENTS:  State of
                                        occurrence and residence are 
                                        different, but both are in the U.S.
                              4   ...   FOREIGH RESIDENTS:  State of               
                                        occurrence is one of the 50 States 
                                        or the District of Columbia, but 
                                        place of residence of mother 
                                        is outside of the U.S.
 Item           Item           Variable Name,
 Location       Length         Item and Code Outline
  8              1            PLDEL
                              Place or Facility of Delivery 
                                1        ... Hospital delivery
                                2        ... Doctor's offices, 
                                             mother's residence, 
                                             Fire Department, 
                                             public place, etc.
                                3        ... Delivery occurred en 
                                             route to or on arrival 
                                             at a facility
                                9        ... Unknown or not stated
  9              1            PLDEL2
                              Place or Facility of Delivery Recode    
                                1        ... In hospital
                                2        ... Not in a hospital 
                                             (includes unknown)
  10             1            FATTND
                              Attendant at Delivery
                                1     ...    Doctor of Medicine (M.D.)
                                2     ...    Doctor of Osteopathy (D.O.)
                                3     ...    Certified Nurse Midwife 
                                             (C.N.M.)
                                4     ...    Other Midwife
                                5     ...    Other
                                9     ...    Unknown or not stated
  11             1            FATTNDR
                              Attendant at Delivery Recode
                                1        ... Physician
                                2        ... Midwife
                                3        ... Other
                                9        ... Unknown or not stated
          

 Item           Item           Variable Name,
 Location       Length         Item and Code Outline
  12-27          16           FOCCUR
                              Place of Occurrence
                                Refer to the Geographic Code Outline 
                                further back in this document for a 
                                detailed list of areas and codes.
  12-14          3            RDSSCOCC
                              Region, Division, and State Subcode of 
                              Occurrence
  12             1            REGNOCC
                              Region of Occurrence     
  13             1            DIVOCC
                              Division of Occurrence
  14             1            STSUBOCC
                              State Subcode of Occurrence
                                States are coded within division 
                                and the code structure is designed 
                                to sequence the States as they 
                                appear in NCHS publications.
                                1        ...  NORTHEAST
                                  1      ...    New England
                                    1    ...      Maine
                                    2    ...      New Hampshire
                                    3    ...      Vermont 
                                    4    ...      Massachusetts
                                    5    ...      Rhode Island
                                    6    ...      Connecticut
                                  2      ...    Middle Atlantic  
                                    1    ...      New York
                                    2    ...      New Jersey
                                    3    ...      Pennsylvania
                                2        ...  MIDWEST
                                  3      ...    East North Central
                                    1    ...      Ohio
                                    2    ...      Indiana
                                    3    ...      Illinois
                                    4    ...      Michigan
                                    5    ...      Wisconsin
                                  4      ...    West North Central
                                    1    ...      Minnesota
                                    2    ...      Iowa
                                    3    ...      Missouri
                                    4    ...      North Dakota
                                    5    ...      South Dakota
                                    6    ...      Nebraska
                                    7    ...      Kansas

 Item           Item           Variable Name,
 Location       Length         Item and Code Outline
  12-14          3            RDSSCOCC
                                Region, Division, State Subcode of Occurrence (Cont'd)
                                   
                                3        ...  SOUTH
                                  5      ...    South Atlantic
                                    1    ...      Delaware
                                    2    ...      Maryland
                                    3    ...      District of Columbia
                                    4    ...      Virginia
                                    5    ...      West Virginia
                                    6    ...      North Carolina
                                    7    ...      South Carolina
                                    8    ...      Georgia
                                    9    ...      Florida
                                  6      ...    East South Central  
                                    1    ...      Kentucky
                                    2    ...      Tennessee
                                    3    ...      Alabama 
                                    4    ...      Mississippi
                                  7      ...    West South Central
                                    1    ...      Arkansas
                                    2    ...      Louisiana
                                    3    ...      Oklahoma
                                    4    ...      Texas
                                4        ...  WEST
                                  8      ...    Mountain
                                    1    ...      Montana
                                    2    ...      Idaho
                                    3    ...      Wyoming
                                    4    ...      Colorado
                                    5    ...      New Mexico
                                    6    ...      Arizona
                                    7    ...      Utah
                                    8    ...      Nevada
                                  9      ...    Pacific
                                    1    ...      Washington
                                    2    ...      Oregon
                                    3    ...      California
                                    4    ...      Alaska
                                    5    ...      Hawaii
 Item           Item           Variable Name,
 Location       Length         Item and Code Outline
  15-16          2            STFETEXP
                              Expanded State of Occurrence
                              This item is designed to separately 
                              identify New York city records from 
                              other New York State records.
                                01 ...  Alabama
                                02 ...  Alaska
                                03 ...  Arizona
                                04 ...  Arkansas
                                05 ...  California
                                06 ...  Colorado
                                07 ...  Connecticut
                                08 ...  Delaware
                                09 ...  District of Columbia
                                10 ...  Florida
                                11 ...  Georgia
                                12 ...  Hawaii
                                13 ...  Idaho
                                14 ...  Illinois
                                15 ...  Indiana
                                16 ...  Iowa
                                17 ...  Kansas
                                18 ...  Kentucky
                                19 ...  Louisiana
                                20 ...  Maine
                                21 ...  Maryland
                                22 ...  Massachusetts
                                23 ...  Michigan
                                24 ...  Minnesota
                                25 ...  Mississippi
                                26 ...  Missouri
                                27 ...  Montana
                                28 ...  Nebraska
                                29 ...  Nevada
                                30 ...  New Hampshire
                                31 ...  New Jersey
                                32 ...  New Mexico
                                33 ...  New York
                                34 ...  New York city
                                35 ...  North Carolina
                                36 ...  North Dakota
                                37 ...  Ohio
                                38 ...  Oklahoma
 Item           Item           Variable Name,
 Location       Length         Item and Code Outline
  15-16          2            STFETEXP
                              Expanded State of Occurrence Cont'd
                                39 ...  Oregon
                                40 ...  Pennsylvania
                                41 ...  Rhode Island
                                42 ...  South Carolina
                                43 ...  South Dakota
                                44 ...  Tennessee
                                45 ...  Texas
                                46 ...  Utah
                                47 ...  Vermont
                                48 ...  Virginia                        
                                49 ...  Washington
                                50 ...  West Virginia
                                51 ...  Wisconsin
                                52 ...  Wyoming
  17-18           2           STATEFET
                              State of Occurrence
                                01 ...  Alabama
                                02 ...  Alaska
                                03 ...  Arizona
                                04 ...  Arkansas
                                05 ...  California
                                06 ...  Colorado
                                07 ...  Connecticut
                                08 ...  Delaware
                                09 ...  District of Columbia
                                10 ...  Florida
                                11 ...  Georgia
                                12 ...  Hawaii
                                13 ...  Idaho
                                14 ...  Illinois
                                15 ...  Indiana
                                16 ...  Iowa
                                17 ...  Kansas
                                18 ...  Kentucky
                                19 ...  Louisiana
                                20 ...  Maine
                                21 ...  Maryland
                                22 ...  Massachusetts
                                23 ...  Michigan
                                24 ...  Minnesota
 Item           Item           Variable Name,
 Location       Length         Item and Code Outline
  17-18          2            STATEFET
                               State of Occurrence Cont'd
                                25         ...    Mississippi
                                26         ...    Missouri
                                27         ...    Montana
                                28         ...    Nebraska
                                29         ...    Nevada
                                30         ...    New Hampshire
                                31         ...    New Jersey
                                32         ...    New Mexico
                                33         ...    New York
                                34         ...    North Carolina
                                35         ...    North Dakota
                                36         ...    Ohio
                                37         ...    Oklahoma
                                38         ...    Oregon
                                39         ...    Pennsylvania
                                40         ...    Rhode Island
                                41         ...    South Carolina
                                42         ...    South Dakota
                                43         ...    Tennessee
                                44         ...    Texas
                                45         ...    Utah
                                46         ...    Vermont
                                47         ...    Virginia  
                                48         ...    Washington
                                49         ...    West Virginia
                                50         ...    Wisconsin
                                51         ...    Wyoming
  19-21          3            CNTYFET
                              County of Occurrence
                            001-nnn  ... Counties and county equivalents 
                                         (independent and coextensive 
                                         cities) are numbered alphabet-
                                         ically within each State and 
                                         identify each county with a 
                                         population of 100,000 or more 
                                         in 1980. (Note: to Uniquely 
                                         identify a county, both and 
                                         State and county codes must 
                                         be used.)  A complete list of 
                                         counties is shown in the 
                                         Geographic Code Outline 
                                         further back in this document.
 Item           Item           Variable Name,
 Location       Length         Item and Code Outline
  22-26          5            FIPSOCC
                              Federal Information Processing Standards 
                              (FIPS) Geographic Codes (Occurrence)
                                Refer to the Geographic Code Outline 
                                Further back in this document for a
                                detailed list of areas and codes.  
                                For an explanation of FIPS codes, 
                                reference should be made to various 
                                National Institute of Standards and                  
                                Technology (NIST) publications.
  22-23          2            STOCCFIP
                              State of Occurrence (FIPS) 
                                01 ...  Alabama
                                02 ...  Alaska
                                04 ...  Arizona
                                05 ...  Arkansas
                                06 ...  California
                                08 ...  Colorado
                                09 ...  Connecticut
                                10 ...  Delaware
                                11 ...  District of Columbia
                                12 ...  Florida
                                13 ...  Georgia
                                15 ...  Hawaii
                                16 ...  Idaho
                                17 ...  Illinois
                                18 ...  Indiana
                                19 ...  Iowa
                                20 ...  Kansas
                                21 ...  Kentucky
                                22 ...  Louisiana
                                23 ...  Maine
                                24 ...  Maryland
                                25 ...  Massachusetts
                                26 ...  Michigan
                                27 ...  Minnesota
                                28 ...  Mississippi
                                29 ...  Missouri
                                30 ...  Montana
                                31 ...  Nebraska
                                32 ...  Nevada
                                33 ...  New Hampshire
 Item           Item           Variable Name,
 Location       Length         Item and Code Outline
  22-23          2            STOCCFIP
                               Sate of Occurrence (Cont'd)
                                34       ... New Jersey
                                35       ... New Mexico
                                36       ... New York
                                37       ... North Carolina
                                38       ... North Dakota
                                39       ... Ohio
                                40       ... Oklahoma
                                41       ... Oregon
                                42       ... Pennsylvania
                                44       ... Rhode Island
                                45       ... South Carolina
                                46       ... South Dakota
                                47       ... Tennessee
                                48       ... Texas
                                49       ... Utah
                                50       ... Vermont
                                51       ... Virginia  
                                53       ... Washington
                                54       ... West Virginia
                                55       ... Wisconsin
                                56       ... Wyoming
  24-26          3            CNTOCFIP
                              County of Occurrence (FIPS)
                             001-nnn   ... Counties and county equivalents
                                           (independent and coextensive
                                           cities)are numbered alphabet-
                                           ically within each State and 
                                           identify each county with a 
                                           population of 100,000 or more 
                                           in 1980.(Note: To uniquely 
                                           identify a county, both the 
                                           State and county codes must 
                                           be used). A complete list of 
                                           counties is shown in the 
                                           Geographic Code Outline 
                                           further back in this document.
  27             1            CNTOCPOP
                              Population Size of County of Occurrence
                               Based on the results of the 1980 Census
                              0   ...  County of  1,000,000 or more
                              1   ...  County of    500,000 to 1,000,000
                              2   ...  County of    250,000 to   500,000 
                              3   ...  County of    100,000 to   250,000
                              9   ...  County of     Less than   100,000
 Item           Item           Variable Name,
 Location       Length         Item and Code Outline
  28-59          32           FRESID
                              Place of Residence
                                Refer to the Geographic Code 
                                Outline further back in
                                this document for a detailed list 
                                of areas and codes.
  28-30          3            RDSCRES
                              Region, Division, and State Subcode of Residence
  28             1            REGNRES
                              Region of Residence
  29             1            DIVRES
                              Division of Residence
  30             1            STSUBRES
                              State Subcode of Residence
                           States are coded within Division and the code
                           structure is designed to sequence the States 
                           as they appear in NCHS publications.
                                000      ...  Foreign residents
                                1        ...  NORTHEAST
                                  1      ...    New England
                                    1    ...      Maine
                                    2    ...      New Hampshire
                                    3    ...      Vermont 
                                    4    ...      Massachusetts
                                    5    ...      Rhode Island
                                    6    ...      Connecticut
                                  2      ...    Middle Atlantic  
                                    1    ...      New York
                                    2    ...      New Jersey
                                    3    ...      Pennsylvania
                                2        ...  MIDWEST
                                  3      ...    East North Central
                                    1    ...      Ohio
                                    2    ...      Indiana
                                    3    ...      Illinois
                                    4    ...      Michigan
                                    5    ...      Wisconsin
                                  4      ...    West North Central
                                    1    ...      Minnesota
                                    2    ...      Iowa
                                    3    ...      Missouri
                                    4    ...      North Dakota
                                    5    ...      South Dakota
                                    6    ...      Nebraska
                                    7    ...      Kansas

 Item           Item           Variable Name,
 Location       Length         Item and Code Outline
  28-30          3            RDSCRES
                              Region, Division, State Subcode of 
                              Residence (Cont'd)
                                3        ...  SOUTH
                                  5      ...    South Atlantic
                                    1    ...      Delaware
                                    2    ...      Maryland
                                    3    ...      District of Columbia
                                    4    ...      Virginia
                                    5    ...      West Virginia
                                    6    ...      North Carolina
                                    7    ...      South Carolina
                                    8    ...      Georgia
                                    9    ...      Florida
                                  6      ...    East South Central  
                                    1    ...      Kentucky
                                    2    ...      Tennessee
                                    3    ...      Alabama 
                                    4    ...      Mississippi
                                  7      ...    West South Central
                                    1    ...      Arkansas
                                    2    ...      Louisiana
                                    3    ...      Oklahoma
                                    4    ...      Texas
                                4        ...  WEST
                                  8      ...    Mountain
                                    1    ...      Montana
                                    2    ...      Idaho
                                    3    ...      Wyoming
                                    4    ...      Colorado
                                    5    ...      New Mexico
                                    6    ...      Arizona
                                    7    ...      Utah
                                    8    ...      Nevada
                                  9      ...    Pacific
                                    1    ...      Washington
                                    2    ...      Oregon
                                    3    ...      California
                                    4    ...      Alaska
                                    5    ...      Hawaii
        
 Item           Item           Variable Name,
 Location       Length         Item and Code Outline
  31-32          2            STRESEXP
                              Expanded State of Residence
                               This item is designed to separately 
                               identify New York City records
                               from other New York State records.
                                01      ...  Alabama
                                02      ...  Alaska
                                03      ...  Arizona
                                04      ...  Arkansas
                                05      ...  California
                                06      ...  Colorado
                                07      ...  Connecticut
                                08      ...  Delaware
                                09      ...  District of Columbia
                                10      ...  Florida
                                11      ...  Georgia
                                12      ...  Hawaii
                                13      ...  Idaho
                                14      ...  Illinois
                                15      ...  Indiana
                                16      ...  Iowa
                                17      ...  Kansas
                                18      ...  Kentucky
                                19      ...  Louisiana
                                20      ...  Maine
                                21      ...  Maryland
                                22      ...  Massachusetts
                                23      ...  Michigan
                                24      ...  Minnesota
                                25      ...  Mississippi
                                26      ...  Missouri
                                27      ...  Montana
                                28      ...  Nebraska
                                29      ...  Nevada
                                30      ...  New Hampshire
                                31      ...  New Jersey
                                32      ...  New Mexico
                                33      ...  New York
                                34      ...  New York city
                                35      ...  North Carolina
 Item           Item           Variable Name,
 Location       Length         Item and Code Outline
  31-32          2            STRESEXP
                               Expanded State of Residence Cont'd
                                36      ...  North Dakota
                                37      ...  Ohio
                                38      ...  Oklahoma
                                39      ...  Oregon
                                40      ...  Pennsylvania
                                41      ...  Rhode Island
                                42      ...  South Carolina
                                43      ...  South Dakota
                                44      ...  Tennessee
                                45      ...  Texas
                                46      ...  Utah
                                47      ...  Vermont
                                48      ...  Virginia
                                49      ...  Washington
                                50      ...  West Virginia
                                51      ...  Wisconsin
                                52      ...  Wyoming
                                53-58,60 ...  Foreign Residents
                                53      ...    Puerto Rico
                                54      ...    Virgin Islands
                                55      ...    Guam
                                56      ...    Canada
                                57      ...    Cuba
                                58      ...    Mexico
                                60      ...    Remainder of the world
 Item           Item           Variable Name,
 Location       Length         Item and Code Outline
  33-34          2            STATERES
                               State of Residence
                                01 ...  Alabama
                                02 ...  Alaska
                                03 ...  Arizona
                                04 ...  Arkansas
                                05 ...  California
                                06 ...  Colorado
                                07 ...  Connecticut
                                08 ...  Delaware
                                09 ...  District of Columbia
                                10 ...  Florida
                                11 ...  Georgia
                                12 ...  Hawaii
                                13 ...  Idaho
                                14 ...  Illinois
                                15 ...  Indiana
                                16 ...  Iowa
                                17 ...  Kansas
                                18 ...  Kentucky
                                19 ...  Louisiana
                                20 ...  Maine
                                21 ...  Maryland
                                22 ...  Massachusetts
                                23 ...  Michigan
                                24 ...  Minnesota
                                25 ...  Mississippi
                                26 ...  Missouri
                                27 ...  Montana
                                28 ...  Nebraska
                                29 ...  Nevada
                                30 ...  New Hampshire
                                31 ...  New Jersey
                                32 ...  New Mexico
                                33 ...  New York
                                34 ...  North Carolina
                                35 ...  North Dakota
                                36 ...  Ohio
                                37 ...  Oklahoma
                                38 ...  Oregon
                                39 ...  Pennsylvania
                                40 ...  Rhode Island
                                41 ...  South Carolina
                                42 ...  South Dakota
 Item           Item           Variable Name,
 Location       Length         Item and Code Outline
  33-34          2            STATERES
                               State of Residence Cont'd
                                43      ...  Tennessee
                                44      ...  Texas
                                45      ...  Utah
                                46      ...  Vermont
                                47      ...  Virginia
                                48      ...  Washington
                                49      ...  West Virginia
                                50      ...  Wisconsin
                                51      ...  Wyoming
                                52-57,59 ...  Foreign Residents
                                52      ...    Puerto Rico
                                53      ...    Virgin Islands
                                54      ...    Guam
                                55      ...    Canada
                                56      ...    Cuba
                                57      ...    Mexico
                                59      ...    Remainder of the world
  35-37          3            CNTYRES
                              County of Residence
                              A complete list of counties is shown 
                              in the Geographic Code Outline 
                              further back in this document.
                              001-nnn ...Counties and county equivalents 
                                         (independent and coextensive 
                                         cities) are numbered alphabet-
                                         ically within each State and 
                                         identify each county with a 
                                         population of 100,000 or more 
                                         in 1980. (Note: To uniquely 
                                         identify a county, both the 
                                         State and county codes must be 
                                         used.)
                           ZZZ        ...    Foreign Residents
  38-40          3            CITYRES
                              City of Residence
                                A complete list of cities is shown in 
                                the Geographic Code Outline further  
                                back in this document.
                                001-nnn ...  Cities are numbered alphabetically
                                             within each State and identify each
                                             city with a population of 100,000 or
                                             more in 1980.  (Note:  To uniquely
                                             identify a city, both the State and
                                             city codes must be used.  State,
                                             county and city codes may also be
                                             used.)
                                999     ...  Balance of county
                                ZZZ     ...  Foreign residents
 Item           Item           Variable Name,
 Location       Length         Item and Code Outline
  41             1            CITRSPOP
                               Population Size of City of Residence
                              Based on the results of the 1980 census
                              0  ... Place of  1,000,000 or more
                              1  ... Place of    500,000 to 1,000,000
                              2  ... Place of    250,000 to   500,000
                              3  ... Place of    100,000 to   250,000
                              9  ... All other areas in the U.S.
                              Z  ... Foreign residents
  42             1            METRORES
                              Metropolitan - Nonmetropolitan County of 
                              Residence
                                1  ...  Metropolitan county
                                2  ...  Nonmetropolitan county
                                Z  ...  Foreign residents
  43-58          16           FIPSRES
                              Federal Information Processing Standards 
                              (FIPS) Geographic Codes (Residence)
                              Refer to the Geographic Code Outline 
                              further back in this document for 
                              a detailed list of areas and codes. 
                              For an explanation of FIPS codes, 
                              reference should be made to various 
                              National Institute of Standards and 
                              Technology (NIST)publications.
  43-44          2            STRESFIP
                              State of Residence (FIPS)
                                00 ...  Foreign residents
                                01 ...  Alabama
                                02 ...  Alaska
                                04 ...  Arizona
                                05 ...  Arkansas
                                06 ...  California
                                08 ...  Colorado
                                09 ...  Connecticut
                                10 ...  Delaware
 Item           Item           Variable Name,
 Location       Length         Item and Code Outline
  43-44          2            STRESFIP
                               State of Residence (Cont'd)
                                11 ...  District of Columbia
                                12 ...  Florida
                                13 ...  Georgia
                                15 ...  Hawaii
                                16 ...  Idaho
                                17 ...  Illinois
                                18 ...  Indiana
                                19 ...  Iowa
                                20 ...  Kansas
                                21 ...  Kentucky
                                22 ...  Louisiana
                                23 ...  Maine
                                24 ...  Maryland
                                25 ...  Massachusetts
                                26 ...  Michigan
                                27 ...  Minnesota
                                28 ...  Mississippi
                                29 ...  Missouri
                                30 ...  Montana
                                31 ...  Nebraska
                                32 ...  Nevada
                                33 ...  New Hampshire
                                34 ...  New Jersey
                                35 ...  New Mexico
                                36 ...  New York
                                37 ...  North Carolina
                                38 ...  North Dakota
                                39 ...  Ohio
                                40 ...  Oklahoma
                                41 ...  Oregon
                                42 ...  Pennsylvania
                                44 ...  Rhode Island
                                45 ...  South Carolina
                                46 ...  South Dakota
                                47 ...  Tennessee
                                48 ...  Texas
                                49 ...  Utah
                                50 ...  Vermont
                                51 ...  Virginia
                                53 ...  Washington
                                54 ...  West Virginia
                                55 ...  Wisconsin
                                56 ...  Wyoming
                     
 Item           Item           Variable Name,
 Location       Length         Item and Code Outline
  45-47          3            CNTYRFIP
                              County of Residence (FIPS)
                               000  ... Foreign residents
                               001-nnn  ... Counties and county 
                                           equivalents (independent and 
                                           coextensive cities) are 
                                           numbered alphabetically within 
                                           each State and identify each 
                                           county with a population of 
                                           100,000 or more in 1980.  
                                           (Note: To uniquely identify  
                                           a county, both the State and 
                                           county codes must be used.) A 
                                           complete list of counties is 
                                           shown in the Geographic Code 
                                           Outline further back in this 
                                           document.
  48-52          5            R1
                              Reserved Positions
  53-54          2            CMSA
                              CMSA of Residence (FIPS)
                              Consolidated Metropolitan Statistical 
                              Areas are groupings of certain Primary 
                              Metropolitan Statistical Areas and 
                              are defined by the U.S. Office of 
                              Management and Budget (OMB) as of 
                              June 30, 1990.
                              00   ...  Not a CMSA
                              07   ...  Boston - Lawrence-Salem, MA-NH
                              10   ...  Buffalo - Niagara Falls, NY
                              14   ...  Chicago - Gary-Lake County, 
                                        IL-IN-WI
                              21   ...  Cincinnati - Hamilton, OH-KY-IN
                              28   ...  Cleveland - Akron-Lorain, OH
                              31   ...  Dallas - Fort Worth, TX
                              34   ...  Denver - Boulder, CO
                              35   ...  Detroit - Ann Arbor, MI
                              41   ...  Hartford - New Britain-
                                        Middletown,CT
                              42   ...  Houston - Galveston-
                                        Brazoria, TX
                              49   ...  Los Angeles-Anaheim-
                                        Riverside, CA
                              56   ...  Miami - Fort Lauderdale, FL
                              63   ...  Milwaukee - Racine, WI
                              70   ...  New York-Northern New Jersey-
                                        Long Island, NY-NJ-CT
                              77   ...  Philadelphia - Wilmington-
                                        Trenton, PA-NJ-DE-MD
                              78   ...  Pittsburgh - Beaver Valley, PA
                              79   ...  Portland - Vancouver, OR-WA
                              80   ...  Providence - Pawtucket-Fall 
                                        River, RI-MA
                              84   ...  San Francisco-Oakland-
                                        San Jose, CA
                              91   ...  Seattle - Tacoma, WA
                           
 Item           Item           Variable Name,
 Location       Length         Item and Code Outline
  55-58          4            SMSARFIP
                              PMSA/MSA of Residence (FIPS)
                              Primary Metropolitan Statistical Areas and
                              Metropolitan Statistical Areas are those 
                              defined by the U.S. Office of Management 
                              and Budget as of June 30,1990. For 
                              New England, the New England County
                              Metropolitan Areas (NECMS's) are used.       
     
                               Further back in this document is a list of 
                               PMSA's, MSA's, NECMS's, and their 
                               component counties.
                               0000          ...  Nonmetropolitan counties or 
                                                  foreign residents
                               0040-9360     ...  Code range
                               9999          ...  Area of less than 
                                                  100,000 population
  59             1            CNTRSPOP
                              Population Size of County of Residence
                              Based on the results of the 1980 Census.
                              0  ...   County of  1,000,000 or more
                              1  ...   County of    500,000 to 1,000,000
                              2  ...   County of    250,000 to   500,000
                              3  ...   County of    100,000 to   250,000
                              9  ...   County of     Less than   100,000
                              Z  ...   Foreign resident
  60-68          9            R1A
                              Reserved Positions
  69             1            MAGERFLG
                              Reported Age of Mother Used Flag
                                This position is flagged whenever the 
                                mother's reported age is used.  The 
                                reported age is used, if valid, when 
                                age could not be computed or when the
                                computed age is outside the 10-49 code 
                                range.
                                Blank       ...   Reported age is not used
                                1           ...   Reported age is used
  70             1            MAGEIMP
                              Age of Mother Imputation Flag
                                Blank       ...   Age is not imputed
                                1           ...   Age is imputed
  71-72          2            DMAGE
                              Age of Mother
                                This item is: a) computed using dates 
                                of birth of mother and of delivery; 
                                b) reported; or c) imputed. This is 
                                the age item used in NCHS publications.
                                10-49       ...   Age is single years
 Item           Item           Variable Name,
 Location       Length         Item and Code Outline
  73-74          2            MAGE12
                              Age of Mother Recode 12
                                01 ...  Under 15 years
                                02 ...  15 years
                                03 ...  16 years
                                04 ...  17 years
                                05 ...  18 years
                                06 ...  19 years
                                07 ...  20 - 24 years
                                08 ...  25 - 29 years
                                09 ...  30 - 34 years
                                10 ...  35 - 39 years
                                11 ...  40 - 44 years
                                12 ...  45 - 49 years
     
  75             1            MAGE8
                              Age of Mother Recode 8
                                1  ...  Under 15 years
                                2  ...  15 - 19 years
                                3  ...  20 - 24 years
                                4  ...  25 - 29 years
                                5  ...  30 - 34 years
                                6  ...  35 - 39 years
                                7  ...  40 - 44 years
                                8  ...  45 - 49 years
  76             1            ORMOTH
                              Hispanic Origin of Mother
                                Origin is not reported by all areas.  
                                      See reporting flags.       
                                0  ...  Non-Hispanic
                                1  ...  Mexican
                                2  ...  Puerto Rican
                                3  ...  Cuban
                                4  ...  Central or South American
                                5  ...  Other and unknown Hispanic
                                9  ...  Origin unknown or not stated

 Item           Item           Variable Name,
 Location       Length         Item and Code Outline
  77             1            ORRACEM
                              Hispanic Origin and Race of Mother Recode
                                Origin's not reported by all areas.  
                                      See reporting flags.
                                1  ...  Mexican
                                2  ...  Puerto Rican
                                3  ...  Cuban
                                4  ...  Central or South American
                                5  ...  Other and unknown Hispanic
                                6  ...  Non-Hispanic White
                                7  ...  Non-Hispanic Black
                                8  ...  Non-Hispanic other races
                                9  ...  Origin unknown or not stated
  78             1            MRACEIMP
                              Race of Mother Imputation Flag
                              Blank ...  Race is not imputed
                              1     ...  Race is imputed
  79-80          2            MRACE
                              Race of Mother
                              Race codes effective with 1989 data 
                              differ from previous years.
                              01   ...  White
                              02   ...  Black
                              03   ...  American Indian (includes 
                                        Aleuts and Eskimos)
                              04   ...  Chinese
                              05   ...  Japanese
                              06   ...  Hawaiian (includes 
                                        Part-Hawaiian)
                              07   ...  Filipino
                              08   ...  Other Asian or Pacific 
                                        Islander
                              09   ...  All other Races
                        
 Item           Item           Variable Name,
 Location       Length         Item and Code Outline
  81             1            MRACE3
                              Race of Mother Recode
                                1       ...  White
                                2       ...  Races other than White 
                                             or Black
                                3       ...  Black
  82-83          2            DMEDUC
                              Education of Mother
                              Education is not reported by all areas.  
                              See reporting flags.
                              00   ...  No formal education
                              01-08 ...  Years of elementary school
                              09   ...  1 year of high school
                              10   ...  2 years of high school
                              11   ...  3 years of high school
                              12   ...  4 years of high school
                              13   ...  1 year of college
                              14   ...  2 years of college
                              15   ...  3 years of college
                              16   ...  4 years of college
                              17   ...  5 or more years of college
                              99   ...  Not stated     
  84             1            MEDUC6
                              Education of Mother Recode
                                Education is not reported by all areas.  
                                      See reporting flags.
                                1       ...  0 - 8 years
                                2       ...  9 - 11 years
                                3       ...  12 years
                                4       ...  13 - 15 years
                                5       ...  16 years and over
                                6       ...  Not stated
  85             1            R1C
                              Reserved Position
 Item           Item           Variable Name,
 Location       Length         Item and Code Outline
  86             1            DMAR
                              Marital Status of Mother
                                Marital status is not reported by all 
                                areas. See reporting flags.
                                1       ...  Married
                                2       ...  Unmarried
                                9       ...  Unknown or not stated
  87-88          2            DMAGERPT
                              Reported Age of Mother
                                10-49   ...  Age in single years
                                99      ...  Unknown or not stated
  89-97          9            R2
                              Reserved Positions
  98-99          2            NLBNL
                              Number of Live Births, Now Living
                                00-30  ...  Stated number of children
                                99    ...  Unknown or not stated
  100-101        2            NLBND
                              Number of Live Births, Now Dead
                                00-30  ...  Stated number of children
                                99    ...  Unknown or not stated
  102-103        2            NOTERM
                              Number of Other Terminations
                                Includes spontaneous and induced at any 
                                time after conception.
                                00-30   ...  Stated number of other 
                                             terminations
                                99      ...  Unknown or not stated
  104            1            R2A
                              Reserved Position
 Item           Item           Variable Name,
 Location       Length         Item and Code Outline
  105-106        2            DLIVORD
                              Detail Live Birth Order
                               Sum of live births now living and 
                               now dead. If either item is unknown, 
                               this item is made unknown.
                                00-40   ...  Number of children born 
                                             alive to mother
                                99      ...  Unknown live birth order
  107            1            LIVORD9
                              Live Birth Order Recode
                                0       ...  No children born alive to 
                                             mother
                                1       ...  One
                                2       ...  Two
                                3       ...  Three
                                4       ...  Four
                                5       ...  Five
                                6       ...  Six
                                7       ...  Seven
                                8       ...  Eight or more
                                9       ...  Unknown Live Birth Order
  108            1            R2B
                              Reserved Position
  109-110        2            DTOTORD
                              Detail Total Birth Order
                              Sum of live birth order and other 
                              terminations of pregnancy plus one 
                              (for this pregnancy). If either item 
                              is unknown, this item is made unknown.
                              01-41   ...  Number of live births and 
                                           other terminations of pregnancy
                              99      ...  Unknown total birth order
 Item           Item           Variable Name,
 Location       Length         Item and Code Outline
  111            1            TOTORD9
                              Total Birth Order Recode
                                1       ...  One
                                2       ...  Two
                                3       ...  Three
                                4       ...  Four
                                5       ...  Five
                                6       ...  Six
                                7       ...  Seven
                                8       ...  Eight or more
                                9       ...  Unknown Total Birth Order
  112            1            R2C
                              Reserved Position
  113-114        2            MONPRE
                              Detail Month of Pregnancy Prenatal Care Began
                                Month prenatal care began is not reported 
                                by all areas.  See reporting flags.
                                00      ...  No prenatal care
                                01      ...  1st month
                                02      ...  2nd month
                                03      ...  3rd month
                                04      ...  4th month
                                05      ...  5th month
                                06      ...  6th month
                                07      ...  7th month
                                08      ...  8th month
                                09      ...  9th month
                                99      ...  Unknown or not stated
  115            1            MPRE6
                              Month Prenatal Care Began Recode 6
                               Month prenatal care began is not reported 
                               by all areas.  See reporting flags.
                                1       ...  1st - 2nd month
                                2       ...  3rd month
                                3       ...  4th - 6th month
                                4       ...  7th - 9th month
                                5       ...  No prenatal care
                                6       ...  Unknown or not stated
             
 Item           Item           Variable Name,
 Location       Length         Item and Code Outline
  116            1            MPRE5
                              Month Prenatal Care Began Recode 5
                              Month prenatal care began is not 
                              reported by all areas.  See reporting 
                              flags.
                                1  ...  1st Trimester(1st-3rd month)
                                2  ...  2nd Trimester(4th-6th month)
                                3  ...  3rd Trimester(7th-9th month)
                                4  ...  No prenatal care
                                5  ...  Unknown or not stated
  117-118        2            NPREVIST
                              Total Number of Prenatal Visits
                                Number of prenatal visits is not reported 
                                by all areas.  See reporting flags
                                00      ...  No prenatal visits
                                01-48   ...  Stated number of visits
                                49      ...  49 or more visits
                                99      ...  Unknown or not stated
     
  119-120        2            NPREV12
                              Number of Prenatal Visits Recode
                                Number of prenatal visits is not reported by all
                                areas.  See reporting flags
                                01      ...  No visits
                                02      ...  1 - 2 visits
                                03      ...  3 - 4 visits
                                04      ...  5 - 6 visits
                                05      ...  7 - 8 visits
                                06      ...  9 - 10 visits
                                07      ...  11 - 12 visits
                                08      ...  13 - 14 visits
                                09      ...  15 - 16 visits
                                10      ...  17 - 18 visits
                                11      ...  19 visits or more
                                12      ...  Unknown or not stated
 Item           Item           Variable Name,
 Location       Length         Item and Code Outline
  121-128        8            LMPDATE
                              Date Last Normal Menses Began
                                Date of last normal menses is not reported 
                                by all areas.  See reporting flags.
  121-122        2            LMPMON
                              Month
                                01      ...  January
                                02      ...  February
                                03      ...  March
                                04      ...  April
                                05      ...  May
                                06      ...  June
                                07      ...  July
                                08      ...  August
                                09      ...  September
                                10      ...  October
                                11      ...  November
                                12      ...  December
                                99      ...  Unknown or not stated 
                                             month of LMP
  123-124        2            LMPDAY
                              Day
                                01-31   ...  As applicable to month  
                                             of LMP
                                99      ...  Unknown or not stated   
                                             day of LMP
  125-128        4            LMPYR
                              Year
                                1990    ...  1990
                                1991    ...  1991
                                9999    ...  Unknown or not stated   
                                             year of LMP
 Item           Item           Variable Name,
 Location       Length         Item and Code Outline
  129-134        6            LLBDATE
                              Date of last Live Birth
                                Date of last live birth is not reported 
                                by all areas.  See reporting flags
                                777777  ...  No previous live birth
  129-130        2            LLBMON
                              Month of Last Live Birth
                                01      ...  January
                                02      ...  February
                                03      ...  March
                                04      ...  April
                                05      ...  May
                                06      ...  June
                                07      ...  July
                                08      ...  August
                                09      ...  September
                                10      ...  October
                                11      ...  November
                                12      ...  December
                                99      ...  Unknown or not stated 
  131-134        4            LLBYR
                              Year of Last Live Birth
                                1900-1991    ...  Stated year
                                9999         ...  Unknown or not stated
  135-137        3            DISLLB
                              Interval Since Last Live Birth
                                This item is computed from date of 
                                delivery and date of last live birth.
                                777     ...  No previous live birth
                                000     ...  Zero months (plural 
                                             birth)
                                001-500 ...  One - five hundred months
                                999     ...  Unknown
  138-139        2            ISLLB1O
                              Interval Since Last Live Birth Recode
                                00      ...  Not applicable 
                                             (no previous live 
                                             birth)
                                01      ...  Zero months (plural 
                                             birth)
                                02      ...  1 - 11 months
                                03      ...  12 - 17 months
                                04      ...  18 - 23 months
                                05      ...  24 - 35 months
                                06      ...  36 - 47 months
                                07      ...  48 - 59 months
                                08      ...  60 - 71 months
                                09      ...  72 months and over
                                10      ...  Unknown
 Item           Item           Variable Name,
 Location       Length         Item and Code Outline
  140-159        20           R3
                              Reserved Positions 
  160            1            FAGERFLG
                              Reported Age of Father Used Flag
                              This position is flagged whenever 
                              the Father's reported age is used.  
                              The reported age is used, if valid, 
                              when age could not be computed or 
                              when the computed age is less than 10.
                               Blank  ...     Reported age is not used
                               1      ...     Reported age is used
  161-162        2            DFAGE
                              Age of Father
                                This item is either computed from date 
                                of birth of father and date of delivery 
                                or is the reported age. This is the age 
                                item used in NCHS publications.
                                10-98   ...  Age is single years
                                99      ...  Unknown or not stated
  163-164        2            FAGE11
                              Age of Father Recode
                                01      ...  Under 15 years
                                02      ...  15 - 19 years
                                03      ...  20 - 24 years
                                04      ...  25 - 29 years
                                05      ...  30 - 34 years
                                06      ...  35 - 39 years
                                07      ...  40 - 44 years
                                08      ...  45 - 49 years
                                09      ...  50 - 54 years
                                10      ...  55 - 59 years
                                11      ...  60 - 98 years
                                12      ...  Not stated
     
  165            1            ORFATH
                              Hispanic Origin of Father
                                Origin is not reported by all areas.  
                                See reporting flags.
                                0  ...  Non-Hispanic
                                1  ...  Mexican
                                2  ...  Puerto Rican
                                3  ...  Cuban
                                4  ...  Central or South American
                                5  ...  Other and unknown Hispanic
                                9  ...  Origin unknown or not stated

 Item           Item           Variable Name,
 Location       Length         Item and Code Outline
  166            1            ORRACEF
                              Hispanic Origin and Race of Father Recode
                                Origin is not reported by all areas.  
                                See reporting flags.
                                1  ...  Mexican
                                2  ...  Puerto Rican
                                3  ...  Cuban     
                                4  ...  Central or South American
                                5  ...  Other and unknown Hispanic
                                6  ...  Non-Hispanic White
                                7  ...  Non-Hispanic Black
                                8  ...  Non-Hispanic other or unknown 
                                        race
                                9  ...  Origin unknown or not stated
  167-168        2            FRACE
                              Race of Father
                                Race codes effective with 1989 data 
                                differ from previous years.
                                01 ...  White
                                02 ...  Black
                                03 ...  American Indian (includes 
                                        Aleuts and Eskimos)
                                04 ...  Chinese
                                05 ...  Japanese
                                06 ...  Hawaiian (includes 
                                        Part-Hawaiian)
                                07 ...  Filipino
                                08 ...  Other Asian or Pacific Islander
                                09 ...  All other races
                                99 ...  Unknown or not stated
  169           1             FRACE4
                              Race of Father Recode
                                1  ...  White
                                2  ...  Race other than White, Black, or 
                                        unknown
                                3  ...  Black
                                4  ...  Unknown or not stated
               
 Item           Item           Variable Name,
 Location       Length         Item and Code Outline
  170-171        2            DFEDUC
                              Education of Father
                                Education is not reported by all areas.  
                                See reporting flags
                                00      ...  No formal education
                                01-08   ...  Years of elementary 
                                             school
                                09      ...  1 year of high school
                                10      ...  2 years of high school
                                11      ...  3 years of high school
                                12      ...  4 years of high school
                                13      ...  1 year of college
                                14      ...  2 years of college
                                15      ...  3 years of college
                                16      ...  4 years of college
                                17      ...  5 or more years of 
                                             college
                                99      ...  Non stated
  172           1             FEDUC6
                              Education of Father Recode
                                Education is not reported by all areas.  
                                See reporting flags
                                1       ...  0 - 8 years
                                2       ...  9 - 11 years
                                3       ...  12 years
                                4       ...  13 - 15 years
                                5       ...  16 years and over
                                6       ...  Not stated
  173-174        2            DFAGERPT
                              Reported Age of Father
                                10-98   ...  Age in single years
                                99      ...  Unknown or not stated
  175-183        9            R4
                              Reserved Positions
  184            1            FDODMIMP
                              Month of Delivery Imputation Flag
                                Blank   ...  Month is not imputed
                                1       ...  Month is imputed
 Item           Item           Variable Name,
 Location       Length         Item and Code Outline
  185            1            R4A
                              Reserved Position
  186-187        2            DELMON
                              Month
                                01      ...  January
                                02      ...  February
                                03      ...  March
                                04      ...  April
                                05      ...  May
                                06      ...  June
                                07      ...  July
                                08      ...  August
                                09      ...  September
                                10      ...  October
                                11      ...  November
                                12      ...  December
  188-189        2            R4B
                              Reserved Positions
  190-193        4            DELYR
                              Year
                                1991    ...  1991
  194            1            WEEKDAY
                              Day of Week of Delivery
                                1       ...  Sunday
                                2       ...  Monday
                                3       ...  Tuesday
                                4       ...  Wednesday
                                5       ...  Thursday
                                6       ...  Friday
                                7       ...  Saturday
               
 Item           Item           Variable Name,
 Location       Length         Item and Code Outline
  195            1            GESTESTM
                              Clinical Estimate of Gestation Used Flag
                                This position is flagged whenever the 
                                clinical estimate of gestation is 
                                used.  It is used whenever gestation 
                                could not be computed or when the 
                                computed gestation is outside the 
                                02-47 code range.
                                Blank   ...  Clinical estimate is not
                                             used
                                1       ...  Clinical estimate is used
  196            1            GESTIMP
                              Gestation Imputation Flag
                                Blank   ...  Gestation is not imputed
                                1       ...  Gestation is imputed
  197-198        2            DGESTAT
                              Gestation
                                This item is: a) computed using dates of 
                                delivery and last normal menses; b) the 
                                clinical estimate; c) imputed; or d) 
                                unknown when there is insufficient data 
                                to impute or no valid clinical estimate.  
                                This is the gestation item used in 
                                NCHS publications.
                                02-47   ...  2nd through 47th week of 
                                             gestation
                                99      ...  Unknown
                                        
 Item           Item           Variable Name,
 Location       Length         Item and Code Outline
  199-200        2            GESTAT12
                              Gestation Recode 12
                                01      ...  Under 16 weeks
                                02      ...  16-19 weeks
                                03      ...  20-23 weeks
                                04      ...  24-27 weeks
                                05      ...  28-31 weeks
                                06      ...  32-35 weeks
                                07      ...  36    weeks
                                08      ...  37-39 weeks
                                09      ...  40    weeks
                                10      ...  41    weeks
                                11      ...  42    weeks and over
                                12      ...  Unknown
  201            1            GESTAT5
                              Gestation Recode 5
                                1       ...  Under 20 weeks
                                2       ...  20-23 weeks
                                3       ...  24-27 weeks
                                4       ...  28 weeks and over 
                                5       ...  Unknown
  202            1            FSEXIMP
                              Sex Imputation Flag
                                Sex is imputed only for those records 
                                with stated or presumed period of 
                                gestation of 20 weeks or more.
                                Blank   ...  Sex is not imputed
                                1       ...  Sex is imputed
  203                 1            FSEX
                              Sex
                                1       ...  Male
                                2       ...  Female
                                9       ...  Unknown or not stated
 Item           Item           Variable Name,
 Location       Length         Item and Code Outline
  204-205        2            RACEF
                              Race of Fetus
                                Race code effective with 1989 data 
                                differ from previous years.
                                01      ...  White
                                02      ...  Black
                                03      ...  American Indian 
                                             (includes Aleuts and 
                                             Eskimos)
                                04      ...  Chinese
                                05      ...  Japanese
                                06      ...  Hawaiian (includes 
                                             Part-Hawaiian)
                                07      ...  Filipino
                                08      ...  Other Asian or Pacific 
                                             Islander
                                09      ...  All other races
  206                 1            FRACE3
                              Race of Fetus Recode
                                1       ...  White
                                2       ...  Races other than White 
                                             or Black
                                3       ...  Black
  207-210        4            DBIRWT
                              Weight at Delivery
                                0000-8165 ...  Number of grams
                                9999    ...  Unknown or not stated
  211-212        2            BIRWT14
                              Weight at Delivery Recode 14
                           
                                01      ...  249 grams or less
                                02      ...  250-349 grams
                                03      ...  350-499 grams
                                04      ...  500-999 grams
                                05      ...  1000-1499 grams
                                06      ...  1500-1999 grams
                                07      ...  2000-2499 grams
                                08      ...  2500-2999 grams
                                09      ...  3000-3499 grams
                                10      ...  3500-3999 grams
                                11      ...  4000-4499 grams
                                12      ...  4500-4999 grams
                                13      ...  5000-8165 grams
                                14      ...  Unknown or not stated
                        
 Item           Item           Variable Name,
 Location       Length         Item and Code Outline
  213             1           BIRWT4
                              Weight at Delivery Recode 4
                                1  ...  1499 grams or less
                                2  ...  1500-2499 grams
                                3  ...  2500 grams or more
                                4  ...  Unknown or not stated
  214            1            PLURIMP
                              Plurality Imputation Flag
                                Blank  ...    Plurality is not imputed
                                1     ...    Plurality is imputed
  215            1            DPLURAL
                              Plurality
                                Louisiana does not report plurality.
                                1       ...  Single
                                2       ...  Twin
                                3       ...  Triplet
                                4       ...  Quadruplet
                                5       ...  Quadruplet or higher
                                9       ...  Louisiana occurrence to 
                                             resident
  216-217        2            CLINGEST
                              Clinical Estimate of Gestation
                                Clinical estimate is not reported by 
                                all areas. See reporting flags.
                                02-47   ...  Estimated gestation in 
                                             weeks
                                99      ...  Unknown or not stated
  218-219        2            R5
                              Reserved Positions
 Item           Item           Variable Name,
 Location       Length         Item and Code Outline
  220-314        95           MEDINFO
                              Medical and Health Data
                               Some States do not report an entire item 
                               while other States do not report all 
                               of the categories within an item. 
                               If an item is not reported, it is 
                               indicated by code zero in the 
                               appropriate reporting flag.
                               If a category within an item is not 
                               reported it is indicated by code 
                               8 in the position for that category.
  220-226        7            DELMETH
                              Method of Delivery
                               Each method is assigned a separate 
                               position, and the code structure for 
                               each method (position) is:
                                1  ...  The method was used
                                2  ...  The method was not used
                                8  ...  Method not on certificate
                                9  ...  Method unknown or not stated
  220            1            VAGINAL
                              Vaginal
  221            1            VBAC
                              Vaginal Birth After Previous C-Section
  222            1            PRIMAC
                              Primary C-Section
  223            1            REPEAC
                              Repeat C-Section
  224            1            FORCEP
                              Forceps
  225            1            VACUUM
                              Vacuum
  226            1            HYSTER
                              Hysterotomy/Hysterectomy
 Item           Item           Variable Name,
 Location       Length         Item and Code Outline
  227            1            DELMETH6
                              Method of Delivery Recode
                                1  ...  Vaginal (excludes Vaginal 
                                        after previous C-section   
                                2  ...  Vaginal birth after previous 
                                        C-section
                                3  ...  Primary C-section
                                4  ...  Repeat C-Section
                                5  ...  Hysterotomy/Hysterectomy
                                6  ...  Not stated
  228-244        17           MEDRISK
                              Medical Risk Factors
                                Each risk factor is assigned a separate 
                                position, and the code structure for 
                                each risk factor (position) is:
                                1  ...  Factor reported
                                2  ...  Factor not reported
                                8  ...  Factor not on certificate
                                9  ...  Factor not classifiable
  228            1            ANEMIA
                              Anemia (Hct.<30/Hgb.<10)
  229            1            CARDIAC
                              Cardiac disease
  230            1            LUNG
                              Acute or chronic lung disease
  231            1            DIABETES
                              Diabetes
  232            1            HERPES
                              Genital herpes
  233            1            HYDRA
                              Hydramnios/Oligohydramnios
  234            1            HEMO
                              Hemoglobinopathy
 Item           Item           Variable Name,
 Location       Length         Item and Code Outline
  235            1            CHYPER
                              Hypertension, chronic
  236            1            PHYPER
                              Hypertension, pregnancy-associated
  237            1            ECLAMP
                              Eclampsia
  238            1            INCERVIX
                              Incompetent cervix
  239            1            PRE4000
                              Previous infant 4000+ grams
  240            1            PRETERM
                              Previous preterm or small-for-gestational-age infant
  241            1            RENAL
                              Renal disease
  242            1            RH
                              Rh sensitization
  243            1            UTERINE
                              Uterine bleeding
  244            1            OTHERMR
                              Other Medical Risk Factors 

 Item           Item           Variable Name,
 Location       Length         Item and Code Outline
  245-255        11           OTHERRSK
                              Other Risk Factors For This Pregnancy
  245-248        4            TOBACRSK
                              Tobacco Risks
  245            1            TOBACCO
                              Tobacco Use During Pregnancy
                                1       ...  Yes
                                2       ...  No
                                9       ...  Unknown or not stated
  246-247        2            CIGAR
                              Average Number of Cigarettes Per Day
                                00-97   ...  As stated
                                98      ...  98 or more cigarettes 
                                             per day
                                99      ...  Unknown or not stated
  248            1            CIGAR6
                              Average Number of Cigarettes Per Day Recode
                                0       ...  Non smoker
                                1       ...  1-5 cigarettes per day
                                2       ...  6-10 cigarettes per day
                                3       ...  11-20 cigarettes per day
                                4       ...  21-40 cigarettes per day
                                5       ...  41 or more cigarettes per 
                                             day
                                6       ...  Unknown or not stated
  249-252        4            ALCOHRSK
                              Alcohol
  249            1            ALCOHOL
                              Alcohol Use During Pregnancy
                                1       ...  Yes
                                2       ...  No
                                9       ...  Unknown or not stated

 Item           Item           Variable Name,
 Location       Length         Item and Code Outline
  250-251        2            DRINK
                              Average Number of Drinks Per Week
                                00-97   ...  As stated
                                98      ...  98 or more drinks per 
                                             week
                                99      ...  Unknown or not stated
  252            1            DRINK5
                              Average Number of Drinks Per Week Recode
                                0       ...  Non drinker
                                1       ...  1 drink per week
                                2       ...  2 drinks per week
                                3       ...  3-4 drinks per week
                                4       ...  5 or more drinks per week
                                5       ...  Unknown or not stated
  253-255        3            WTGANRSK
                              Weight Gain During Pregnancy
  253-254        2            WTGAIN
                              Weight Gain
                                00-97   ...  Stated number of pounds
                                98      ...  98 pounds or more
                                99      ...  Unknown or not stated
  255            1            WTGAIN8
                              Weight Gain Recode
                                1       ...  Less than 10 pounds
                                2       ...  10-14 pounds
                                3       ...  15-19 pounds
                                4       ...  20-24 pounds
                                5       ...  25-29 pounds
                                6       ...  30-34 pounds
                                7       ...  35 or more pounds
                                8       ...  Unknown or not stated

 Item           Item           Variable Name,
 Location       Length         Item and Code Outline
  256-262        7            OBSTETRC
                              Obstetric Procedures
                                Each procedure is assigned a separate 
                                position, and the code structure for 
                                each procedure (position) is:
                                1  ...  Procedure reported
                                2  ...  Procedure not reported
                                8  ...  Procedure not on certificate
                                9  ...  Procedure not classifiable
  256            1            AMNIO
                              Amniocentesis
  257            1            MONITOR
                              Electronic fetal monitoring
  258            1            INDUCT
                              Induction of labor
  259            1            STIMULA
                              Stimulation of labor
  260            1            TOCOL
                              Tocolysis
  261            1            ULTRAS
                              Ultrasound
  262            1            OTHEROB
                              Other Obstetric Procedures

 Item           Item           Variable Name,
 Location       Length         Item and Code Outline
  263-278        16           LABOR
                              Complications of Labor and/or Delivery
                                Each complication is assigned a 
                                separate position, and the code 
                                structure for each complication
                                (position) is:
                                1  ...  Complication reported
                                2  ...  Complication not reported
                                8  ...  Complication not on certificate
                                9  ...  Complication not classifiable
  263            1            FEBRILE
                              Febrile (>100 degrees F. or 38 degrees 
                              C.) 
  264            1            MECONIUM
                              Meconium
  265            1            RUPTURE
                              Premature rupture of membrane (>12 hours) 
  266            1            ABRUPTIO
                              Abruptio placenta
  267            1            PREPLACE
                              Placenta previa
  268            1            EXCEBLD
                              Other excessive bleeding
  269            1            SEIZURE
                              Seizures during labor
  270            1            PRECIP
                              Precipitous labor (<3 hours) 
  271            1            PROLONG
                              Prolonged labor (>20 hours)
  272            1            DYSFUNC
                              Dysfunctional labor
  273            1            BREECH
                              Breech/Malpresentation
  274            1            CEPHALO
                              Cephalopelvic disproportion
  275            1            CORD
                              Cord prolapse

 Item           Item           Variable Name,
 Location       Length         Item and Code Outline
  276            1            ANESTHE
                              Anesthetic complications
  277            1            DISTRESS
                              Fetal distress
  278            1            OTHERLB
                              Other Complication of Labor and/or 
                              Delivery
  279-300        22           CONGENIT
                              CONGENITAL ANOMALIES
                                Each anomaly is assigned a separate 
                                position, and the code structure 
                                for each anomaly (position) is:
                                1  ...  Anomaly reported
                                2  ...  Anomaly not reported
                                8  ...  Anomaly not on certificate
                                9  ...  Anomaly not classifiable
  279            1            ANEN
                              Anencephalus
  280            1            SPINA
                              Spina bifida/Meningocele
  281            1            HYDRO
                              Hydrocephalus
  282            1            MICROCE
                              Microcephalus
  283            1            NERVOUS
                              Other central nervous system anomalies
  284            1            HEART
                              Heart malformations
  285            1            CIRCUL
                              Other circulatory/respiratory anomalies
  286            1            RECTAL
                              Rectal atresia/stenosis
  287            1            TRACHEO
                              Tracheo - esophageal fistula/Esophageal 
                              atresia

 Item           Item           Variable Name,
 Location       Length         Item and Code Outline
  288            1            OMPHALO
                              Omphalocele/Gastroschisis
  289            1            GASTRO
                              Other gastrointestinal anomalies
  290            1            GENITAL
                              Malformed genitalia
  291            1            RENALAGE
                              Renal agenesis
  292            1            UROGEN
                              Other urogenital anomalies
  293            1            CLEFTLP
                              Cleft lip/palate
  294            1            ADACTYLY
                              Polydactyly/Syndactyly/Adactyly
  295            1            CLUBFOOT
                              Club foot
  296            1            HERNIA
                              Diaphragmatic hernia
  297            1            MUSCULO
                              Other musculoskeletal/integumental anomalies
  298            1            DOWNS
                              Down's syndrome
  299            1            CHROMO
                              Other chromosomal anomalies
  300            1            OTHERCON
                              Other Congenital Anomalies
  301-314        14           R5A
                              Reserved Positions

 Item           Item           Variable Name,
 Location       Length         Item and Code Outline
  315-339        25           FLRES
                              REPORTING FLAGS FOR PLACE OF RESIDENCE
                                These positions contain flags to 
                                indicate whether or not the specified 
                                item is included in the report of
                                fetal death of the State of residence 
                                identified in positions 31-32.
                                The code structure for each flag 
                                (position) is:
                                0  ...  The item is not reported
                                1  ...  The item is reported
  315            1            GESTALL
                              All Gestations Reported
  316            1            ORIGM
                              Origin of mother
  317            1            ORIGF
                              Origin of father
  318            1            EDUCM
                              Education of mother
  319            1            EDUCF
                              Education of father
  320            1            LLBF
                              Date of last live birth
  321            1            DMARF
                              Marital status
  322            1            DATELMP
                              Date of last normal menses
  323            1            PNCF
                              Month prenatal care began
  324            1            PNVF
                              Number of prenatal visits
  325            1            GESTE
                              Clinical estimate of gestation
  326            1            DELMETRF
                              Method of delivery
  327            1            MEDRSK
                              Medical risk factors
                                 
 Item           Item           Variable Name,
 Location       Length         Item and Code Outline
  328            1            TOBUSE
                              Tobacco use
  329            1            CIGARSF
                              Number of cigarettes
  330            1            ALCUSE
                              Alcohol use
  331            1            DRINKSF
                              Number of drinks
  332            1            WTGN
                              Weight gain
  333            1            OBSTRC
                              Obstetric procedures
  334            1            CLABOR
                              Complications of labor and/or delivery
  335            1            CONGAN
                              Congenital anomalies
  336            1            UCF
                              Underlying cause
  337            1            PLURALF
                              Plurality
  338-339        2            R8
                              Reserved positions
  340            1            ALLGOCC
                              ALL GESTATIONS REPORTING FLAG FOR PLACE 
                              OF OCCURRENCE
                                This position indicates whether or not 
                                all gestation periods are reported 
                                by the State of occurrence
                                identified in positions 15-16.
                                0  ...  All gestations are not reported
                                1  ...  All gestations are reported

 Item           Item           Variable Name,
 Location       Length         Item and Code Outline
  341-356        16           R8A
                              Reserved Positions
  357-359        3            SMSARES
                              NCHS Standard Metropolitan Statistical 
                              Area (SMSA) OF Residence
                                  
                              Based on residence of the mother. Primary
                              Metropolitan Statistical Areas and 
                              Metropolitan Statistical Areas are 
                              those defined by the U.S. Office of 
                              Managemnt and Budget (OMB) as of June 30,
                              1990.  For New England, the New England 
                              county Metropolitan Areas (NECMA's) are used.
                               
                                Further back in this document is a list 
                                of SMSA's and their component counties.
                                000          ...  Nonmetropolitan counties
                                001-320      ...  Code range
                                999          ...  Area of less than 100,000 
                                                  population
                                ZZZ          ...  Foreigh residents
  360            1            POPSMAS
                              SMSA Population Size
                                Based on the results of the 1990 
                                Census.
     
                                1  ...  SMSA of 250,000 and over
                                2  ...  SMSA of 100,000 to 250,000
                                9  ...  SMSA of less than 100,000 or
                                        Nonmetropolitan area
                                Z  ...  Foreigh resident




This page last reviewed: Thursday, January 28, 2016
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