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Scientific Data Documentation
Fetal Death Detail Record, 1992
DSN: CC36.FETDTH92
Documentation of the Fetal Death Tape File for 1992 Data
Information on the fetal death data tape file was abstracted from
the Report of Fetal Death forms received in all the States and
the District of Columbia, with a record on the data file for each
report of a fetal death received.  The data is provided to the
National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS) through the Vital
Statistics Cooperative Program by the registration offices of all
States, the District of Columbia, and New York City.  Data from
New York, excluding New York City, were submitted in machine
readable form.  All other 1992 data were coded and keyed by the
U.S. Bureau of the Census.
Fetal death data are limited to deaths occurring within the
United States to U.S. residents and nonresidents.  Fetal deaths
occurring to U.S. citizens outside the United States are not
included in this data file.
In NCHS tabulations by place of residence, fetal deaths to
nonresidents of the United States are excluded.  The foreign
resident records can be identified by code 4 in tape location 7
of the data tape.  In addition, the majority of fetal death
tables published by NCHS include only those fetal deaths with
stated or presumed gestation of 20 weeks or more (see the
Technical Appendix).  Those records identified with a 2 in tape
location 5 are included in these tabulations.  All other records
are excluded.
Effective January 1, 1989, a revised U.S. Standard Report of
Fetal Death replaced the 1978 revision.  The 1989 revision
provides a wide variety of new information on maternal and fetal
health characteristics.  Questions on complications of labor and
delivery and congenital anomalies of fetus were changed from an
open-ended question to a checkbox format to improve reporting of
information.  Several new items were added that improve the data
file's value for monitoring and research of factors affecting
fetal mortality. 
The Office of Management and Budget revised its designation of
metropolitan statistical areas based on figures from the 1990
Census.  Effective with the 1990 data file, NCHS has been using
these new definitions and codes as indicated in the listing of
320 Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MSAs), Primary Metropolitan
Statistical Areas (PMSAs), and New England County Metropolitan
Areas (NECMSs) included in this documentation.  There are also 20
Consolidated Metropolitan Statistical Areas (CMSAs), which are
made up of PMSAs.  Other geographic changes based on the 1990
Census will be implemented later.
NCHS has adopted a new policy on release of vital statistics unit
record data files.  This new policy was implemented with the 1989
vital event files to prevent the inadvertent disclosure of
individuals and institutions.  As a result, this file does not
contain the actual day of the death.  The geographic detail is
also restricted; only counties and cities of 100,000 or more
population based on the 1980 Census as well as metropolitan areas
of 100,000 or more population based on the 1990 Census, are
identified.
Included in this document are:
1.   List of data elements and tape locations.
2.   Machine/File/Data Characteristics.
3.   Detail Record Layout.             
4.   Geographic Code Outline.          
5.   Metropolitan Statistical Areas as adopted for use by NCHS/DVS.
6.   Documentation Tables 1-14.                                    
7.   Technical Appendix.

SYMBOLS USED IN TABLES
Symbol    Explanation
  ---     Data not available
  ...     Category not applicable
   -      Quantity zero
  0.0     Quantity more than 0 but less than 0.05
   *      Figure does not meet standards of reliability or precision
List of Data Elements and Tape Locations
     
                                             Tape
     Data Items                              Locations
1.   General
     a.   Data year                          1-4
     b.   Tabulation flag                    5
     c.   Record type                        6
     d.   Resident status                    7
2.   Occurrence
     a.   NCHS State                         17-18
     b.   Expanded NCHS State                15-16
     c.   NCHS County                        19-21
     d.   Population size - county           27
     e.   Division                           13
     f.   Region                             12
     g.   FIPS State                         22-23
     h.   FIPS County                        24-26
3.   Residence                          
     a.   NCHS state                         33-34
     b.   Expanded NCHS State                31-32
     c.   NCHS County                        35-37
     d.   NCHS City                          38-40
     e.   Population size - city             41
     f.   Population size - county           59
     g.   NCHS MSA                           357-359
     h.   Met/Nonmet county                  42
     i.   Division                           29
     j.   Region                             28
     k.   FIPS State                         43-44
     l.   FIPS County                        45-47
     m.   FIPS CMSA                          53-54
     n.   FIPS MSA                           55-58
4.   Prenatal Care
     a.   Month began                        113-116
     b.   Number of visits                   117-120
5.   Fetus
     a.   Sex                                202-203
     b.   Race                               204-206
     c.   Plurality                          214-215
     d.   Weight at delivery                 207-213
     e.   Gestation                          197-201,216-217
     f.   Month/year of delivery             186-187,190-193
     g.   Day of week of delivery            194
                                                  Tape
     Data Items                                   Locations
6.   Mother
     a.   Age                                     69-75,87-88
     b.   Race                                    79-81     
     c.   Marital status                          86
     d.   Education                               82-84
     e.   Hispanic origin                         76-77
7.   Pregnancy History                  
     a.   Born alive, now living                  98-99
     b.   Born alive, now dead                    100-101
     c.   Other terminations                      102-103
     d.   Total birth order                       109-111
     e.   Live birth order                        105-107
8.   Father                             
     a.   Age                             160-164,173-174
     b.   Race                                    167-169
     c.   Education                               170-172
     d.   Hispanic origin                         165-166
9.   Other Items
     a.   Residence reporting flags               315-339
     b.   Attendant at delivery                   10-11
     c.   Place of delivery                       8-9
     d.   Interval since last live birth          135-139
10.  Medical and Health Data            
     a.   Method of delivery                      220-226
     b.   Medical risk factors                    228-244
     c.   Other risk factors
          Tobacco                                 245-248
          Alcohol                                 249-252
          Weight gain during pregnancy            253-255
     d.   Obstetric procedures                    256-262
     e.   Complications of labor and/or delivery  263-278
     f.   Congenital anomalies                    279-300
Machine/File/Data Characteristics:
1.   Machine used:            IBM/3081/K
2.   Language used:           PL/1
3.   File organization:       One file, one reel
4.   Record format:           Blocked, fixed format
5.   Record count:            70,929
6.   Record length:           360
7.   Blocksize                32400
8.   Recording mode:          IBM/EBCDIC 8-bit code
9.   Code scheme              Numeric/Alphabetic/Blanks
10.  Last block:              May be a short block
11.  Data counts:             ALL FETAL DEATHS:
                              a.   By occurrence:  70,929
                              b.   By residence:   70,871
                              c.   To foreign residents: 58
                              20 WEEKS AND OVER:
                              a.   By occurrence:  30,284
                              b.   By residence:   30,256
                              c.   To foreign residents: 28
Record Layout
Item           Item           Variable Name,
Location       Length         Item and Code Outline
  1-4            4            DATAYEAR
                              Year of Delivery (Data Year)  
                                1992    ...    1992
  5              1            TABFLAG
                              Tabulation Inclusion Flag
                                The majority of fetal death 
                                tables published by NCHS/DVS 
                                include only those fetal deaths 
                                with stated or presumed gestation 
                                of 20 weeks or more, see the
                                Technical Appendix.  This position 
                                is used to indicate which records 
                                to include in these tables.
                                1     ...   Under 20 weeks (excluded)
                                2     ...   20 weeks or more (included)
  6               1           RECTYPE
                              Record Type
                              1   ...  RESIDENTS: State and county of 
                                       occurrence and residence are the 
                                       same 
                              2   ...  NONRESIDENTS: State and/or county of
                                       occurrence and residence are 
                                       different.
  7               1           RESTATUS
                              Resident Status
     
                              1    ...  RESIDENTS:  State and county 
                                        of occurrence and residence 
                                        are the same.
                              2    ...  INTRASTATE NONRESIDENTS: State 
                                        of occurrence and residence are 
                                        the same, but county is 
                                        different.
                              3    ...  INTERSTATE NONRESIDENTS: State 
                                        of occurrence and residence are 
                                        different, but both are in the 
                                        U.S.
                              4    ...  FOREIGH RESIDENTS: State of 
                                        occurrence is one of the 50 
                                        States or the District of 
                                        Columbia, but place of 
                                        residence of mother is outside 
                                        of the U.S.
Item           Item           Variable Name,
Location       Length         Item and Code Outline
  8              1            PLDEL
                              Place or Facility of Delivery 
                                1      ...   Hospital delivery
                                2      ...   Doctor's offices, mother's
                                             residence, fire department, public
                                             place, etc.
                                3      ...   Delivery occurred en route to or on
                                             arrival at a facility
                                9      ...   Unknown or not stated
  9              1            PLDEL2
                              Place or Facility of Delivery Recode    
                                1     ...     In hospital
                                2     ...     Not in a hospital 
                                                (includes unknown)
  10             1            FATTND
                              Attendant at Delivery
                                1   ...  Doctor of Medicine (M.D.)
                                2   ...  Doctor of Osteopathy (D.O.)
                                3   ...  Certified Nurse Midwife (C.N.M.)
                                4   ...  Other Midwife
                                5   ...  Other
                                9   ...  Unknown or not stated
  11             1            FATTNDR
                              Attendant at Delivery Recode
                                1        ... Physician
                                2        ... Midwife
                                3        ... Other
                                9        ... Unknown or not stated
          
                     
Item           Item           Variable Name,
Location       Length         Item and Code Outline
  12-27          16           FOCCUR
                              Place of Occurrence
                              Refer to the Geographic Code Outline 
                              further back in this document for 
                              a detailed list of areas and codes.
  12-14          3            RDSSCOCC
                              Region, Division, and State Subcode of 
                              Occurrence
  12             1            REGNOCC
                              Region of Occurrence     
  13             1            DIVOCC
                              Division of Occurrence
  14             1            STSUBOCC
                              State Subcode of Occurrence
                                States are coded within division and the 
                                code structure is designed to sequence
                                the States as they appear in NCHS 
                                publications.
                                1        ...  NORTHEAST
                                  1      ...    New England
                                    1    ...      Maine
                                    2    ...      New Hampshire
                                    3    ...      Vermont 
                                    4    ...      Massachusetts
                                    5    ...      Rhode Island
                                    6    ...      Connecticut
                                  2      ...    Middle Atlantic  
                                    1    ...      New York
                                    2    ...      New Jersey
                                    3    ...      Pennsylvania
                                2        ...  MIDWEST
                                  3      ...    East North Central
                                    1    ...      Ohio
                                    2    ...      Indiana
                                    3    ...      Illinois
                                    4    ...      Michigan
                                    5    ...      Wisconsin
                                  4      ...    West North Central
                                    1    ...      Minnesota
                                    2    ...      Iowa
                                    3    ...      Missouri
                                    4    ...      North Dakota
                                    5    ...      South Dakota
                                    6    ...      Nebraska
                                    7    ...      Kansas
                       
Item           Item           Variable Name,
Location       Length         Item and Code Outline
  12-14          3            RDSSCOCC
                              Region, Division, State Subcode of 
                              Occurrence (Cont'd) 
                                3        ...  SOUTH
                                  5      ...    South Atlantic
                                    1    ...      Delaware
                                    2    ...      Maryland
                                    3    ...      District of Columbia
                                    4    ...      Virginia
                                    5    ...      West Virginia
                                    6    ...      North Carolina
                                    7    ...      South Carolina
                                    8    ...      Georgia
                                    9    ...      Florida
                                  6      ...    East South Central  
                                    1    ...      Kentucky
                                    2    ...      Tennessee
                                    3    ...      Alabama 
                                    4    ...      Mississippi
                                  7      ...    West South Central
                                    1    ...      Arkansas
                                    2    ...      Louisiana
                                    3    ...      Oklahoma
                                    4    ...      Texas
                                4        ...  WEST
                                  8      ...    Mountain
                                    1    ...      Montana
                                    2    ...      Idaho
                                    3    ...      Wyoming
                                    4    ...      Colorado
                                    5    ...      New Mexico
                                    6    ...      Arizona
                                    7    ...      Utah
                                    8    ...      Nevada
                                  9      ...    Pacific
                                    1    ...      Washington
                                    2    ...      Oregon
                                    3    ...      California
                                    4    ...      Alaska
                                    5    ...      Hawaii
Item           Item           Variable Name,
Location       Length         Item and Code Outline
  15-16          2            STFETEXP
                               Expanded State of Occurrence
                                This item is designed to separately 
                                identify New York city records from 
                                other New York State records.
                                01 ...  Alabama
                                02 ...  Alaska
                                03 ...  Arizona
                                04 ...  Arkansas
                                05 ...  California
                                06 ...  Colorado
                                07 ...  Connecticut
                                08 ...  Delaware
                                09 ...  District of Columbia
                                10 ...  Florida
                                11 ...  Georgia
                                12 ...  Hawaii
                                13 ...  Idaho
                                14 ...  Illinois
                                15 ...  Indiana
                                16 ...  Iowa
                                17 ...  Kansas
                                18 ...  Kentucky
                                19 ...  Louisiana
                                20 ...  Maine
                                21 ...  Maryland
                                22 ...  Massachusetts
                                23 ...  Michigan
                                24 ...  Minnesota
                                25 ...  Mississippi
                                26 ...  Missouri
                                27 ...  Montana
                                28 ...  Nebraska
                                29 ...  Nevada
                                30 ...  New Hampshire
                                31 ...  New Jersey
                                32 ...  New Mexico
                                33 ...  New York
                                34 ...  New York city
                                35 ...  North Carolina
                                36 ...  North Dakota
                                37 ...  Ohio
                                38 ...  Oklahoma
Item           Item           Variable Name,
Location       Length         Item and Code Outline
  15-16          2            STFETEXP
                               Expanded State of Occurrence Cont'd
                                39 ...  Oregon
                                40 ...  Pennsylvania
                                41 ...  Rhode Island
                                42 ...  South Carolina
                                43 ...  South Dakota
                                44 ...  Tennessee
                                45 ...  Texas
                                46 ...  Utah
                                47 ...  Vermont
                                48 ...  Virginia                        
                                49 ...  Washington
                                50 ...  West Virginia
                                51 ...  Wisconsin
                                52 ...  Wyoming
  17-18           2           STATEFET
                              State of Occurrence
                                01 ...  Alabama
                                02 ...  Alaska
                                03 ...  Arizona
                                04 ...  Arkansas
                                05 ...  California
                                06 ...  Colorado
                                07 ...  Connecticut
                                08 ...  Delaware
                                09 ...  District of Columbia
                                10 ...  Florida
                                11 ...  Georgia
                                12 ...  Hawaii
                                13 ...  Idaho
                                14 ...  Illinois
                                15 ...  Indiana
                                16 ...  Iowa
                                17 ...  Kansas
                                18 ...  Kentucky
                                19 ...  Louisiana
                                20 ...  Maine
                                21 ...  Maryland
                                22 ...  Massachusetts
                                23 ...  Michigan
                                24 ...  Minnesota
Item           Item           Variable Name,
Location       Length         Item and Code Outline
  17-18          2            STATEFET
                               State of Occurrence Cont'd
                                25         ...    Mississippi
                                26         ...    Missouri
                                27         ...    Montana
                                28         ...    Nebraska
                                29         ...    Nevada
                                30         ...    New Hampshire
                                31         ...    New Jersey
                                32         ...    New Mexico
                                33         ...    New York
                                34         ...    North Carolina
                                35         ...    North Dakota
                                36         ...    Ohio
                                37         ...    Oklahoma
                                38         ...    Oregon
                                39         ...    Pennsylvania
                                40         ...    Rhode Island
                                41         ...    South Carolina
                                42         ...    South Dakota
                                43         ...    Tennessee
                                44         ...    Texas
                                45         ...    Utah
                                46         ...    Vermont
                                47         ...    Virginia  
                                48         ...    Washington
                                49         ...    West Virginia
                                50         ...    Wisconsin
                                51         ...    Wyoming
  19-21          3            CNTYFET
                              County of Occurrence
                                001-nnn    ...    Counties and county equivalents
                                                  (independent and coextensive cities)
                                                  are numbered alphabetically within
                                                  each State and identify each county
                                                  with a population of 100,000 or more
                                                  in 1980.  (Note: to Uniquely
                                                  identify a county, both and State
                                                  and county codes must be used.)  A
                                                  complete list of counties is shown
                                                  in the Geographic Code Outline
                                                  further back in this document.
                            
Item           Item           Variable Name,
Location       Length         Item and Code Outline
  22-26          5            FIPSOCC
                              Federal Information Processing Standards 
                              (FIPS) Geographic Codes (Occurrence)
                               Refer to the Geographic Code Outline
                               Further back in this document for 
                               a detailed list of areas and codes.  
                               For an explanation of FIPS codes, 
                               reference should be made to various 
                               National Institute of Standards and 
                               Technology (NIST) publications.
  22-23          2            STOCCFIP
                              State of Occurrence (FIPS) 
                                01 ...  Alabama
                                02 ...  Alaska
                                04 ...  Arizona
                                05 ...  Arkansas
                                06 ...  California
                                08 ...  Colorado
                                09 ...  Connecticut
                                10 ...  Delaware
                                11 ...  District of Columbia
                                12 ...  Florida
                                13 ...  Georgia
                                15 ...  Hawaii
                                16 ...  Idaho
                                17 ...  Illinois
                                18 ...  Indiana
                                19 ...  Iowa
                                20 ...  Kansas
                                21 ...  Kentucky
                                22 ...  Louisiana
                                23 ...  Maine
                                24 ...  Maryland
                                25 ...  Massachusetts
                                26 ...  Michigan
                                27 ...  Minnesota
                                28 ...  Mississippi
                                29 ...  Missouri
                                30 ...  Montana
                                31 ...  Nebraska
                                32 ...  Nevada
                                33 ...  New Hampshire
Item           Item           Variable Name,
Location       Length         Item and Code Outline
  22-23          2            STOCCFIP
                               Sate of Occurrence (Cont'd)
                                34       ... New Jersey
                                35       ... New Mexico
                                36       ... New York
                                37       ... North Carolina
                                38       ... North Dakota
                                39       ... Ohio
                                40       ... Oklahoma
                                41       ... Oregon
                                42       ... Pennsylvania
                                44       ... Rhode Island
                                45       ... South Carolina
                                46       ... South Dakota
                                47       ... Tennessee
                                48       ... Texas
                                49       ... Utah
                                50       ... Vermont
                                51       ... Virginia  
                                53       ... Washington
                                54       ... West Virginia
                                55       ... Wisconsin
                                56       ... Wyoming
  24-26          3            CNTOCFIP
                              County of Occurrence (FIPS)
                                001-nnn  ... Counties and county equivalents
                                             (independent and coextensive cities)
                                             are numbered alphabetically within
                                             each State and identify each county
                                             with a population of 100,000 or more
                                             in 1980.  (Note:  To uniquely
                                             identify a county, both the State
                                             and county codes must be used.)  A
                                             complete list of counties is shown
                                             in the Geographic Code Outline
                                             further back in this document.
  27             1            CNTOCPOP
                              Population Size of County of Occurrence
                               Based on the results of the 1980 Census
                               0   ...  County of 1,000,000 or more
                               1   ...  County of   500,000 to 1,000,000
                               2   ...  County of   250,000 to   500,000 
                               3   ...  County of   100,000 to   250,000
                               9   ...  County of    Less than   100,000
Item         Item           Variable Name,
Location       Length         Item and Code Outline
  28-59          32           FRESID
                               Place of Residence
                               Refer to the Geographic Code Outline
                               further back in this document for a 
                               detailed list of areas and codes.
  28-30          3            RDSCRES
                              Region, Division, and State Subcode of 
                              Residence
  28             1            REGNRES
                              Region of Residence
  29             1            DIVRES
                              Division of Residence
  30             1            STSUBRES
                              State Subcode of Residence
                               States are coded within Division and the 
                               code structure is designed to sequence
                               the States as they appear in NCHS 
                               publications.
                                000      ...  Foreign residents
                                1        ...  NORTHEAST
                                  1      ...    New England
                                    1    ...      Maine
                                    2    ...      New Hampshire
                                    3    ...      Vermont 
                                    4    ...      Massachusetts
                                    5    ...      Rhode Island
                                    6    ...      Connecticut
                                  2      ...    Middle Atlantic  
                                    1    ...      New York
                                    2    ...      New Jersey
                                    3    ...      Pennsylvania
                                2        ...  MIDWEST
                                  3      ...    East North Central
                                    1    ...      Ohio
                                    2    ...      Indiana
                                    3    ...      Illinois
                                    4    ...      Michigan
                                    5    ...      Wisconsin
                                  4      ...    West North Central
                                    1    ...      Minnesota
                                    2    ...      Iowa
                                    3    ...      Missouri
                                    4    ...      North Dakota
                                    5    ...      South Dakota
                                    6    ...      Nebraska
                                    7    ...      Kansas
Item           Item           Variable Name,
Location       Length         Item and Code Outline
  28-30          3            RDSCRES
                              Region, Division, State Subcode of 
                              Residence (Cont'd)
                                3        ...  SOUTH
                                  5      ...    South Atlantic
                                    1    ...      Delaware
                                    2    ...      Maryland
                                    3    ...      District of Columbia
                                    4    ...      Virginia
                                    5    ...      West Virginia
                                    6    ...      North Carolina
                                    7    ...      South Carolina
                                    8    ...      Georgia
                                    9    ...      Florida
                                  6      ...    East South Central  
                                    1    ...      Kentucky
                                    2    ...      Tennessee
                                    3    ...      Alabama 
                                    4    ...      Mississippi
                                  7      ...    West South Central
                                    1    ...      Arkansas
                                    2    ...      Louisiana
                                    3    ...      Oklahoma
                                    4    ...      Texas
                                4        ...  WEST
                                  8      ...    Mountain
                                    1    ...      Montana
                                    2    ...      Idaho
                                    3    ...      Wyoming
                                    4    ...      Colorado
                                    5    ...      New Mexico
                                    6    ...      Arizona
                                    7    ...      Utah
                                    8    ...      Nevada
                                  9      ...    Pacific
                                    1    ...      Washington
                                    2    ...      Oregon
                                    3    ...      California
                                    4    ...      Alaska
                                    5    ...      Hawaii
Item           Item           Variable Name,
Location       Length         Item and Code Outline
  31-32          2            STRESEXP
                              Expanded State of Residence
                                This item is designed to separately 
                                identify New York city records from 
                                other New York State records.
                                01      ...  Alabama
                                02      ...  Alaska
                                03      ...  Arizona
                                04      ...  Arkansas
                                05      ...  California
                                06      ...  Colorado
                                07      ...  Connecticut
                                08      ...  Delaware
                                09      ...  District of Columbia
                                10      ...  Florida
                                11      ...  Georgia
                                12      ...  Hawaii
                                13      ...  Idaho
                                14      ...  Illinois
                                15      ...  Indiana
                                16      ...  Iowa
                                17      ...  Kansas
                                18      ...  Kentucky
                                19      ...  Louisiana
                                20      ...  Maine
                                21      ...  Maryland
                                22      ...  Massachusetts
                                23      ...  Michigan
                                24      ...  Minnesota
                                25      ...  Mississippi
                                26      ...  Missouri
                                27      ...  Montana
                                28      ...  Nebraska
                                29      ...  Nevada
                                30      ...  New Hampshire
                                31      ...  New Jersey
                                32      ...  New Mexico
                                33      ...  New York
                                34      ...  New York city
                                35      ...  North Carolina
Item           Item           Variable Name,
Location       Length         Item and Code Outline
  31-32          2            STRESEXP
                              Expanded State of Residence Cont'd
                                36      ...  North Dakota
                                37      ...  Ohio
                                38      ...  Oklahoma
                                39      ...  Oregon
                                40      ...  Pennsylvania
                                41      ...  Rhode Island
                                42      ...  South Carolina
                                43      ...  South Dakota
                                44      ...  Tennessee
                                45      ...  Texas
                                46      ...  Utah
                                47      ...  Vermont
                                48      ...  Virginia
                                49      ...  Washington
                                50      ...  West Virginia
                                51      ...  Wisconsin
                                52      ...  Wyoming
                                53-58,60...  Foreign Residents
                                53      ...    Puerto Rico
                                54      ...    Virgin Islands
                                55      ...    Guam
                                56      ...    Canada
                                57      ...    Cuba
                                58      ...    Mexico
                                60      ...    Remainder of the world

Item           Item           Variable Name,
Location       Length         Item and Code Outline
  33-34          2            STATERES
                               State of Residence
                                01 ...  Alabama
                                02 ...  Alaska
                                03 ...  Arizona
                                04 ...  Arkansas
                                05 ...  California
                                06 ...  Colorado
                                07 ...  Connecticut
                                08 ...  Delaware
                                09 ...  District of Columbia
                                10 ...  Florida
                                11 ...  Georgia
                                12 ...  Hawaii
                                13 ...  Idaho
                                14 ...  Illinois
                                15 ...  Indiana
                                16 ...  Iowa
                                17 ...  Kansas
                                18 ...  Kentucky
                                19 ...  Louisiana
                                20 ...  Maine
                                21 ...  Maryland
                                22 ...  Massachusetts
                                23 ...  Michigan
                                24 ...  Minnesota
                                25 ...  Mississippi
                                26 ...  Missouri
                                27 ...  Montana
                                28 ...  Nebraska
                                29 ...  Nevada
                                30 ...  New Hampshire
                                31 ...  New Jersey
                                32 ...  New Mexico
                                33 ...  New York
                                34 ...  North Carolina
                                35 ...  North Dakota
                                36 ...  Ohio
                                37 ...  Oklahoma
                                38 ...  Oregon
                                39 ...  Pennsylvania
                                40 ...  Rhode Island
                                41 ...  South Carolina
                                42 ...  South Dakota
Item           Item           Variable Name,
Location       Length         Item and Code Outline
  33-34          2            STATERES
                                                            State of Residence Cont'd
                                43      ...  Tennessee
                                44      ...  Texas
                                45      ...  Utah
                                46      ...  Vermont
                                47      ...  Virginia
                                48      ...  Washington
                                49      ...  West Virginia
                                50      ...  Wisconsin
                                51      ...  Wyoming
                                52-57,59     ...  Foreign Residents
                                52      ...  Puerto Rico
                                53      ...  Virgin Islands
                                54      ...  Guam
                                55      ...  Canada
                                56      ...  Cuba
                                57      ...  Mexico
                                59      ...  Remainder of the world
  35-37          3            CNTYRES
                              County of Residence
                                A complete list of counties is shown in the
                                 Geographic Code Outline further back in 
                                this document.
                                001-nnn ...  Counties and county equivalents
                                             (independent and coextensive cities)
                                             are numbered alphabetically within
                                             each State and identify each county
                                             with a population of 100,000 or more
                                             in 1980.  (Note: To uniquely
                                             identify a county, both the State
                                             and county codes must be used.)
                                ZZZ     ...  Foreign Residents
  38-40          3            CITYRES
                              City of Residence
                                A complete list of cities is shown in the
                                Geographic Code Outline further back in 
                                this document.
                                                                             001-nnn ...  Cities are numbered alphabetically
                                             within each State and identify each
                                             city with a population of 100,000 or
                                             more in 1980.  (Note:  To uniquely
                                             identify a city, both the State and
                                             city codes must be used.  State,
                                             county and city codes may also be
                                             used.)
                                999          ...  Balance of county
                                ZZZ          ...  Foreign residents
Item           Item           Variable Name,
Location       Length         Item and Code Outline
  41             1            CITRSPOP
                                Population Size of City of Residence
                                Based on the results of the 1980 census
                                0  ...  Place of 1,000,000 or more
                                1  ...  Place of   500,000 to 1,000,000
                                2  ...  Place of   250,000 to   500,000
                                3  ...  Place of   100,000 to   250,000
                                9  ...  All other areas in the U.S.
                                Z  ...  Foreign residents
  42             1            METRORES
                              Metropolitan - Nonmetropolitan County of 
                              Residence
                                1  ...  Metropolitan county
                                2  ...  Nonmetropolitan county
                                Z  ...  Foreign residents
  43-58          16           FIPSRES
                              Federal Information Processing Standards (FIPS)
                              Geographic Codes (Residence)
                                Refer to the Geographic Code Outline 
                                further back in this document for a 
                                detailed list of areas and codes.  
                                For an explanation of FIPS codes, 
                                reference should be made to various 
                                National Institute of Standards and 
                                Technology (NIST) publications.
  43-44          2            STRESFIP
                              State of Residence (FIPS)
                                00 ...  Foreign residents
                                01 ...  Alabama
                                02 ...  Alaska
                                04 ...  Arizona
                                05 ...  Arkansas
                                06 ...  California
                                08 ...  Colorado
                                09 ...  Connecticut
                                10 ...  Delaware
Item           Item           Variable Name,
Location       Length         Item and Code Outline
  43-44          2            STRESFIP
                              State of Residence (Cont'd)
                                11 ...  District of Columbia
                                12 ...  Florida
                                13 ...  Georgia
                                15 ...  Hawaii
                                16 ...  Idaho
                                17 ...  Illinois
                                18 ...  Indiana
                                19 ...  Iowa
                                20 ...  Kansas
                                21 ...  Kentucky
                                22 ...  Louisiana
                                23 ...  Maine
                                24 ...  Maryland
                                25 ...  Massachusetts
                                26 ...  Michigan
                                27 ...  Minnesota
                                28 ...  Mississippi
                                29 ...  Missouri
                                30 ...  Montana
                                31 ...  Nebraska
                                32 ...  Nevada
                                33 ...  New Hampshire
                                34 ...  New Jersey
                                35 ...  New Mexico
                                36 ...  New York
                                37 ...  North Carolina
                                38 ...  North Dakota
                                39 ...  Ohio
                                40 ...  Oklahoma
                                41 ...  Oregon
                                42 ...  Pennsylvania
                                44 ...  Rhode Island
                                45 ...  South Carolina
                                46 ...  South Dakota
                                47 ...  Tennessee
                                48 ...  Texas
                                49 ...  Utah
                                50 ...  Vermont
                                51 ...  Virginia
                                53 ...  Washington
                                54 ...  West Virginia
                                55 ...  Wisconsin
                                56 ...  Wyoming
Item           Item           Variable Name,
Location       Length         Item and Code Outline
  45-47          3            CNTYRFIP
                              County of Residence (FIPS)
                                000      ... Foreign residents
                                001-nnn  ... Counties and county equivalents
                                             (independent and coextensive cities)
                                             are numbered alphabetically within
                                             each State and identify each county
                                             with a population of 100,000 or more
                                             in 1980.  (Note:  To uniquely
                                             identify a county, both the State
                                             and county codes must be used.)  A
                                             complete list of counties is shown
                                             in the Geographic Code Outline
                                             further back in this document.
  48-52          5            R1
                              Reserved Positions
  53-54          2            CMSA
                              CMSA of Residence (FIPS)
                                Consolidated Metropolitan Statistical 
                                Areas are groupings of certain 
                                Primary Metropolitan Statistical Areas 
                                and are defined by the U.S. Office
                                of Management and Budget (OMB) as of 
                                June 30, 1990.
                                00 ...  Not a CMSA
                                07 ...  Boston - Lawrence-Salem, MA-NH
                                10 ...  Buffalo - Niagara Falls, NY
                                14 ...  Chicago - Gary-Lake County, 
                                        IL-IN-WI
                                21 ...  Cincinnati - Hamilton, OH-KY-IN
                                28 ...  Cleveland - Akron-Lorain, OH
                                31 ...  Dallas - Fort Worth, TX
                                34 ...  Denver - Boulder, CO
                                35 ...  Detroit - Ann Arbor, MI
                                41 ...  Hartford - New Britain-
                                        Middletown, CT
                                42 ...  Houston - Galveston-
                                        Brazoria, TX
                                49 ...  Los Angeles-Anaheim-
                                        Riverside, CA
                                56 ...  Miami - Fort Lauderdale, FL
                                63 ...  Milwaukee - Racine, WI
                                70 ...  New York-Northern New Jersey-
                                        Long Island, NY-NJ-CT
                                77 ...  Philadelphia - Wilmington-
                                        Trenton, PA-NJ-DE-MD
                                78 ...  Pittsburgh - Beaver Valley, PA
                                79 ...  Portland - Vancouver, OR-WA
                                80 ...  Providence - Pawtucket-Fall 
                                        River, RI-MA
                                84 ...  San Francisco-Oakland-San Jose, 
                                        CA
                                91 ...  Seattle - Tacoma, WA
Item           Item           Variable Name,
Location       Length         Item and Code Outline
  55-58          4            SMSARFIP
                              PMSA/MSA of Residence (FIPS)
                                Primary Metropolitan Statistical Areas 
                                and Metropolitan Statistical Areas 
                                are those defined by the U.S. Office 
                                of Management and Budget as of June
                                30, 1990.  For New England, the New 
                                England County Metropolitan Areas 
                                (NECMS's) are used. Further back in 
                                this document is a list of PMSA's,
                                MSA's, NECMS's, and their component 
                                counties.
                                0000      ...  Nonmetropolitan counties 
                                               or foreign residents
                                0040-9360 ...  Code range
                                9999      ...  Area of less than 100,000 
                                               population
  59             1            CNTRSPOP
                              Population Size of County of Residence
                                Based on the results of the 1980 Census.
                                0  ...  County of 1,000,000 or more
                                1  ...  County of   500,000 to 1,000,000
                                2  ...  County of   250,000 to   500,000
                                3  ...  County of   100,000 to   250,000
                                9  ...  County of    Less than   100,000
                                Z  ...  Foreign resident
  60-68          9            R1A
                              Reserved Positions
  69             1            MAGERFLG
                              Reported Age of Mother Used Flag
                                This position is flagged whenever the 
                                mother's reported age is used.  The 
                                reported age is used, if valid, 
                                when age could not be computed or 
                                when the computed age is outside 
                                the 10-49 code range.
                                Blank    ...  Reported age is not used
                                1        ...  Reported age is used
  70             1            MAGEIMP
                              Age of Mother Imputation Flag
                                Blank       ...   Age is not imputed
                                1           ...   Age is imputed
  71-72          2            DMAGE
                              Age of Mother
                                This item is: a) computed using dates 
                                of birth of mother and of delivery; 
                                b) reported; or c) imputed. This is 
                                the age item used in NCHS publications.
                                10-49       ...   Age is single years
                          
Item           Item           Variable Name,
Location       Length         Item and Code Outline
  73-74          2            MAGE12
                              Age of Mother Recode 12
                                01 ...  Under 15 years
                                02 ...  15 years
                                03 ...  16 years
                                04 ...  17 years
                                05 ...  18 years
                                06 ...  19 years
                                07 ...  20 - 24 years
                                08 ...  25 - 29 years
                                09 ...  30 - 34 years
                                10 ...  35 - 39 years
                                11 ...  40 - 44 years
                                12 ...  45 - 49 years
     
  75             1            MAGE8
                              Age of Mother Recode 8
                                1  ...  Under 15 years
                                2  ...  15 - 19 years
                                3  ...  20 - 24 years
                                4  ...  25 - 29 years
                                5  ...  30 - 34 years
                                6  ...  35 - 39 years
                                7  ...  40 - 44 years
                                8  ...  45 - 49 years
  76             1            ORMOTH
                              Hispanic Origin of Mother
                              Origin is not reported by all areas.  
                              See reporting flags.          
                                0  ...  Non-Hispanic
                                1  ...  Mexican
                                2  ...  Puerto Rican
                                3  ...  Cuban
                                4  ...  Central or South American
                                5  ...  Other and unknown Hispanic
                                9  ...  Origin unknown or not stated
Item           Item           Variable Name,
Location       Length         Item and Code Outline
  77             1            ORRACEM
                              Hispanic Origin and Race of Mother Recode
                              Origin's not reported by all areas.  
                              See reporting flags.
                                1  ...  Mexican
                                2  ...  Puerto Rican
                                3  ...  Cuban
                                4  ...  Central or South American
                                5  ...  Other and unknown Hispanic
                                6  ...  Non-Hispanic White
                                7  ...  Non-Hispanic Black
                                8  ...  Non-Hispanic other races
                                9  ...  Origin unknown or not stated
  78             1            MRACEIMP
                              Race of Mother Imputation Flag
                                Blank ...    Race is not imputed
                                1  ...  Race is imputed
  79-80          2            MRACE
                              Race of Mother
                                Beginning with 1992 data, some areas 
                                started reporting additional Asian 
                                or Pacific Islander codes for race.  
                                Codes 18-68 replace old code 08 for 
                                these areas. Code 78 replaces old code 
                                08 for all other areas. For consistency 
                                with Census races code 09 (all other 
                                races) used prior to 1992 has been
                                imputed.  
                                01 ...  White
                                02 ...  Black
                                03 ...  American Indian (includes 
                                        Aleuts and Eskimos)
                                04 ...  Chinese
                                05 ...  Japanese
                                06 ...  Hawaiian (includes 
                                        part-Hawaiian)
                                07 ...  Filipino
                                18 ...  Asian Indian
                                28 ...  Korean
                                38 ...  Samoan
                                48 ...  Vietnamese
                                58 ...  Guamanian
                                68 ...  Other Asian or Pacific Islander 
                                        in areas reporting codes 18-58
                                78 ...  Combined other Asian or Pacific 
                                        Islander, includes codes 18-68 
                                        for areas that do not report 
                                        them separately

Item           Item           Variable Name,
Location       Length         Item and Code Outline
  81             1            MRACE3
                              Race of Mother Recode
                                1       ...  White
                                2       ...  Races other than White 
                                             or Black
                                3       ...  Black
  82-83          2            DMEDUC
                              Education of Mother
                                Education is not reported by all areas.  
                                See reporting flags.
                                00      ...  No formal education
                                01-08   ...  Years of elementary 
                                             school
                                09      ...  1 year of high school
                                10      ...  2 years of high school
                                11      ...  3 years of high school
                                12      ...  4 years of high school
                                13      ...  1 year of college
                                14      ...  2 years of college
                                15      ...  3 years of college
                                16      ...  4 years of college
                                17      ...  5 or more years of 
                                             college
                                99      ...  Not stated     
  84             1            MEDUC6
                              Education of Mother Recode
                                Education is not reported by all areas.  
                                See reporting flags.
                                1       ...  0 - 8 years
                                2       ...  9 - 11 years
                                3       ...  12 years
                                4       ...  13 - 15 years
                                5       ...  16 years and over
                                6       ...  Not stated
  85             1            R1C
                              Reserved Position

Item           Item           Variable Name,
Location       Length         Item and Code Outline
  86             1            DMAR
                              Marital Status of Mother
                                Marital status is not reported 
                                by all areas. See reporting flags.
                                1       ...  Married
                                2       ...  Unmarried
                                9       ...  Unknown or not stated
  87-88          2            DMAGERPT
                              Reported Age of Mother
                                10-49   ...  Age in single years
                                99      ...  Unknown or not stated
  89-97          9            R2
                              Reserved Positions
  98-99          2            NLBNL
                              Number of Live Births, Now Living
                                00-30   ...  Stated number of children
                                99      ...  Unknown or not stated
  100-101        2            NLBND
                              Number of Live Births, Now Dead
                                00-30   ...  Stated number of children
                                99      ...  Unknown or not stated
  102-103        2            NOTERM
                              Number of Other Terminations
                                Includes spontaneous and induced at any 
                                time after conception.
                                00-30   ...  Stated number of other 
                                             terminations
                                99      ...  Unknown or not stated
  104                 1            R2A
                              Reserved Position
Item           Item           Variable Name,
Location       Length         Item and Code Outline
  105-106        2            DLIVORD
                              Detail Live Birth Order
                                Sum of live births now living and now dead.  
                                If either item is unknown, this item 
                                is made unknown.
                                00-40   ...  Number of children born 
                                             alive to mother
                                99      ...  Unknown live birth order
  107            1            LIVORD9
                              Live Birth Order Recode
                                0       ...  No children born alive to 
                                             mother
                                1       ...  One
                                2       ...  Two
                                3       ...  Three
                                4       ...  Four
                                5       ...  Five
                                6       ...  Six
                                7       ...  Seven
                                8       ...  Eight or more
                                9       ...  Unknown live birth order
  108            1            R2B
                              Reserved Position
  109-110        2            DTOTORD
                              Detail Total Birth Order
                                Sum of live birth order and other 
                                terminations of pregnancy plus one 
                                (for this pregnancy).  If either item 
                                is unknown, this item is made unknown.
                                01-41   ...  Number of live births and 
                                             other     terminations of 
                                             pregnancy
                                99      ...  Unknown total birth order
Item           Item           Variable Name,
Location       Length         Item and Code Outline
  111                 1            TOTORD9
                              Total Birth Order Recode
                                1       ...  One
                                2       ...  Two
                                3       ...  Three
                                4       ...  Four
                                5       ...  Five
                                6       ...  Six
                                7       ...  Seven
                                8       ...  Eight or more
                                9       ...  Unknown total birth order
  112            1            R2C
                              Reserved Position
  113-114        2            MONPRE
                              Detail Month of Pregnancy Prenatal Care 
                              Began
                              Month prenatal care began is not reported 
                              by all areas.  See reporting flags.
                                00      ...  No prenatal care
                                01      ...  1st month
                                02      ...  2nd month
                                03      ...  3rd month
                                04      ...  4th month
                                05      ...  5th month
                                06      ...  6th month
                                07      ...  7th month
                                08      ...  8th month
                                09      ...  9th month
                                99      ...  Unknown or not stated
  115            1            MPRE6
                              Month Prenatal Care Began Recode 6
                              Month prenatal care began is not reported 
                              by all areas.  See reporting flags.
                                1       ...  1st - 2nd month
                                2       ...  3rd month
                                3       ...  4th - 6th month
                                4       ...  7th - 9th month
                                5       ...  No prenatal care
                                6       ...  Unknown or not stated

Item           Item           Variable Name,
Location       Length         Item and Code Outline
  116                 1            MPRE5
                              Month Prenatal Care Began Recode 5
                              Month prenatal care began is not reported 
                              by all areas.  See reporting flags.
                                1  ...  1st Trimester (1st-3rd month)
                                2  ...  2nd Trimester (4th-6th month)
                                3  ...  3rd Trimester (7th-9th month)
                                4  ...  No prenatal care
                                5  ...  Unknown or not stated
  117-118        2            NPREVIST
                              Total Number of Prenatal Visits
                              Number of prenatal visits is not reported 
                              by all areas.  See reporting flags
                                00      ...  No prenatal visits
                                01-48   ...  Stated number of visits
                                49      ...  49 or more visits
                                99      ...  Unknown or not stated
     
  119-120        2            NPREV12
                              Number of Prenatal Visits Recode
                              Number of prenatal visits is not reported 
                              by all areas.  See reporting flags
                                01      ...  No visits
                                02      ...  1 - 2 visits
                                03      ...  3 - 4 visits
                                04      ...  5 - 6 visits
                                05      ...  7 - 8 visits
                                06      ...  9 - 10 visits
                                07      ...  11 - 12 visits
                                08      ...  13 - 14 visits
                                09      ...  15 - 16 visits
                                10      ...  17 - 18 visits
                                11      ...  19 visits or more
                                12      ...  Unknown or not stated

Item           Item           Variable Name,
Location       Length         Item and Code Outline
  121-128        8            LMPDATE
                              Date Last Normal Menses Began
                              Date of last normal menses is not reported 
                              by all areas.  See reporting flags.
  121-122        2            LMPMON
                              Month
                                01      ...  January
                                02      ...  February
                                03      ...  March
                                04      ...  April
                                05      ...  May
                                06      ...  June
                                07      ...  July
                                08      ...  August
                                09      ...  September
                                10      ...  October
                                11      ...  November
                                12      ...  December
                                99      ...  Unknown or not stated 
                                             month of LMP
  123-124        2            LMPDAY
                              Day
                                01-31   ...  As applicable to month 
                                             of LMP
                                99      ...  Unknown or not stated day 
                                             of LMP
  125-128        4            LMPYR
                              Year
                                1991    ...  1991
                                1992    ...  1992
                                9999    ...  Unknown or not stated year 
                                             of LMP
Item           Item           Variable Name,
Location       Length         Item and Code Outline
  129-134        6            LLBDATE
                              Date of last Live Birth
                              Date of last live birth is not reported 
                              by all areas. See reporting flags
                                777777  ...  No previous live birth
  129-130        2            LLBMON
                              Month of Last Live Birth
                                01      ...  January
                                02      ...  February
                                03      ...  March
                                04      ...  April
                                05      ...  May
                                06      ...  June
                                07      ...  July
                                08      ...  August
                                09      ...  September
                                10      ...  October
                                11      ...  November
                                12      ...  December
                                99      ...  Unknown or not stated 
  131-134        4            LLBYR
                              Year of Last Live Birth
                                1900-1992    ...  Stated year
                                9999    ...  Unknown or not stated
  135-137        3            DISLLB
                              Interval Since Last Live Birth
                              This item is computed from date of 
                              delivery and date of last live birth.
                              777  ...  No previous live birth
                              000  ...  Zero months (plural birth)
                              001-500 ...    One - five hundred months
                              999  ...  Unknown
  138-139        2            ISLLB1O
                              Interval Since Last Live Birth Recode
                                00 ...  Not applicable (no previous 
                                        live birth)
                                01 ...  Zero months (plural birth)
                                02 ...  1 - 11 months
                                03 ...  12 - 17 months
                                04 ...  18 - 23 months
                                05 ...  24 - 35 months
                                06 ...  36 - 47 months
                                07 ...  48 - 59 months
                                08 ...  60 - 71 months
                                09 ...  72 months and over
                                10 ...  Unknown
                
Item           Item           Variable Name,
Location       Length         Item and Code Outline
  140-159        20           R3
                              Reserved Positions 
  160            1            FAGERFLG
                              Reported Age of Father Used Flag
                              This position is flagged whenever 
                              the Father's reported age is used.  
                              The reported age is used, if valid, 
                              when age could not be computed or 
                              when the computed age is less than 
                              10.
                                Blank  ...  Reported age is not used
                                1     ...  Reported age is used
  161-162        2            DFAGE
                              Age of Father
                              This item is either computed from 
                              date of birth of father and date 
                              of delivery or is the reported age.  
                              This is the age item used in NCHS 
                              publications.
                                10-98   ...  Age is single years
                                99      ...  Unknown or not stated
  163-164        2            FAGE11
                              Age of Father Recode
                                01      ...  Under 15 years
                                02      ...  15 - 19 years
                                03      ...  20 - 24 years
                                04      ...  25 - 29 years
                                05      ...  30 - 34 years
                                06      ...  35 - 39 years
                                07      ...  40 - 44 years
                                08      ...  45 - 49 years
                                09      ...  50 - 54 years
                                10      ...  55 - 59 years
                                11      ...  60 - 98 years
                                12      ...  Not stated
     
  165            1            ORFATH
                              Hispanic Origin of Father
                              Origin is not reported by all areas.  
                              See reporting flags.
                                0  ...  Non-Hispanic
                                1  ...  Mexican
                                2  ...  Puerto Rican
                                3  ...  Cuban
                                4  ...  Central or South American
                                5  ...  Other and unknown Hispanic
                                9  ...  Origin unknown or not stated
                
Item           Item           Variable Name,
Location       Length         Item and Code Outline
  166            1            ORRACEF
                              Hispanic Origin and Race of Father Recode
                              Origin is not reported by all areas.  
                              See reporting flags.
                                1  ...  Mexican
                                2  ...  Puerto Rican
                                3  ...  Cuban     
                                4  ...  Central or South American
                                5  ...  Other and unknown Hispanic
                                6  ...  Non-Hispanic White
                                7  ...  Non-Hispanic Black
                                8  ...  Non-Hispanic other or 
                                        unknown race
                                9  ...  Origin unknown or not stated
  167-168        2            FRACE
                              Race of Father
                              Beginning with 1992 data, some areas 
                              started reporting additional Asian 
                              or Pacific Islander codes for race.  
                              Codes 18-68 replace old code 08 for 
                              these areas. Code 78 replaces old 
                              code 08 for all other areas.  Code 
                              09 (all other races) used prior to 
                              1992 has been changed to 99.
                                01 ...  White
                                02 ...  Black
                                03 ...  American Indian (includes 
                                        Aleuts and Eskimos)
                                04 ...  Chinese
                                05 ...  Japanese
                                06 ...  Hawaiian (includes 
                                        part-Hawaiian)
                                07 ...  Filipino
                                18 ...  Asian Indian
                                28 ...  Korean
                                38 ...  Samoan
                                48 ...  Vietnamese
                                58 ...  Guamanian
                                68 ...  Other Asian or Pacific 
                                        Islander in areas reporting 
                                        codes 18-58
                                78 ...  Combined other Asian or 
                                        Pacific Islander, includes 
                                        codes 18-68 for areas that 
                                        do not report them separately
                                99 ...  Unknown or not stated
  169           1             FRACE4    
                              Race of Father Recode
                                1  ...  White
                                2  ...  Race other than White, Black, 
                                        or unknown
                                3  ...  Black
                                4  ...  Unknown or not stated
            
Item           Item           Variable Name,
Location       Length         Item and Code Outline
  170-171        2            DFEDUC
                              Education of Father
                              Education is not reported by all areas. 
                              See reporting flags
                                00    ...  No formal education
                                01-08  ...  Years of elementary school
                                09    ...  1 year of high school
                                10    ...  2 years of high school
                                11    ...  3 years of high school
                                12    ...  4 years of high school
                                13    ...  1 year of college
                                14    ...  2 years of college
                                15    ...  3 years of college
                                16    ...  4 years of college
                                17    ...  5 or more years of college
                                99    ...  Non stated
  172           1             FEDUC6
                              Education of Father Recode
                              Education is not reported by all areas.  
                              See reporting flags
                                1       ...  0 - 8 years
                                2       ...  9 - 11 years
                                3       ...  12 years
                                4       ...  13 - 15 years
                                5       ...  16 years and over
                                6       ...  Not stated
  173-174        2            DFAGERPT
                              Reported Age of Father
                                10-98   ...  Age in single years
                                99      ...  Unknown or not stated
  175-183        9            R4
                              Reserved Positions
  184            1            FDODMIMP
                              Month of Delivery Imputation Flag
                                Blank   ...  Month is not imputed
                                1       ...  Month is imputed
Item           Item           Variable Name,
Location       Length         Item and Code Outline
  185            1            R4A
                              Reserved Position
  186-187        2            DELMON
                              Month
                                01      ...  January
                                02      ...  February
                                03      ...  March
                                04      ...  April
                                05      ...  May
                                06      ...  June
                                07      ...  July
                                08      ...  August
                                09      ...  September
                                10      ...  October
                                11      ...  November
                                12      ...  December
  188-189        2            R4B
                              Reserved Positions
  190-193        4            DELYR
                              Year
                                1992    ...  1992
  194            1            WEEKDAY
                              Day of Week of Delivery
                                1       ...  Sunday
                                2       ...  Monday
                                3       ...  Tuesday
                                4       ...  Wednesday
                                5       ...  Thursday
                                6       ...  Friday
                                7       ...  Saturday

Item           Item           Variable Name,
Location       Length         Item and Code Outline
  195            1            GESTESTM
                              Clinical Estimate of Gestation Used Flag
                                This position is flagged whenever the 
                                clinical estimate of gestation is 
                                used.  It is used whenever gestation 
                                could not be computed or when the 
                                computed  gestation is outside the 
                                02-47 code range.
                                Blank  ...  Clinical estimate is not 
                                            used
                                 1     ...  Clinical estimate is used
  196            1            GESTIMP
                              Gestation Imputation Flag
                                Blank  ...  Gestation is not imputed
                                1     ...  Gestation is imputed
  197-198        2            DGESTAT
                              Gestation
                                This item is: a) computed using dates 
                                of delivery and last normal menses; 
                                b) the clinical estimate; c) imputed; 
                                or d) unknown when there is 
                                insufficient data to impute or no 
                                valid clinical estimate.  This
                                is the gestation item used in NCHS 
                                publications.
                                02-47  ...  2nd through 47th week of 
                                          gestation
                                99    ...  Unknown
Item           Item           Variable Name,
Location       Length         Item and Code Outline
  199-200        2            GESTAT12
                              Gestation Recode 12
                                01      ...  Under 16 weeks
                                02      ...  16-19 weeks
                                03      ...  20-23 weeks
                                04      ...  24-27 weeks
                                05      ...  28-31 weeks
                                06      ...  32-35 weeks
                                07      ...  36    weeks
                                08      ...  37-39 weeks
                                09      ...  40    weeks
                                10      ...  41    weeks
                                11      ...  42    weeks and over
                                12      ...  Unknown
  201            1            GESTAT5
                              Gestation Recode 5
                                1       ...  Under 20 weeks
                                2       ...  20-23 weeks
                                3       ...  24-27 weeks
                                4       ...  28 weeks and over 
                                5       ...  Unknown
  202            1            FSEXIMP
                              Sex Imputation Flag
                                Sex is imputed only for those 
                                records with stated or presumed 
                                period of gestation of 20 weeks 
                                or more.
                                Blank   ...  Sex is not imputed
                                1       ...  Sex is imputed
  203            1            FSEX
                              Sex
                                1       ...  Male
                                2       ...  Female
                                9       ...  Unknown or not stated
Item           Item           Variable Name,
Location       Length         Item and Code Outline
  204-205        2            RACEF
                              Race of Fetus
                                Beginning with 1992 data, some areas 
                                started reporting additional Asian 
                                or Pacific Islander codes for race.  
                                Codes 18-68 replace old code 08 for 
                                these areas.  Code 78 replaces old 
                                code 08 for all other areas.
                                01 ...  White
                                02 ...  Black
                                03 ...  American Indian (includes 
                                        Aleuts and Eskimos)
                                04 ...  Chinese
                                05 ...  Japanese
                                06 ...  Hawaiian (includes 
                                        part-Hawaiian)
                                07 ...  Filipino
                                18 ...  Asian Indian
                                28 ...  Korean
                                38 ...  Samoan
                                48 ...  Vietnamese
                                58 ...  Guamanian
                                68 ...  Other Asian or Pacific 
                                        Islander in areas reporting 
                                        codes 18-58
                                78 ...  Combined other Asian or 
                                        Pacific Islander. Includes 
                                        codes 18-68 for areas that 
                                        do not report them separately
  206            1            FRACE3
                              Race of Fetus Recode
                                1  ...  White
                                2  ...  Races other than White or Black
                                3  ...  Black
  207-210        4            DBIRWT
                              Weight at Delivery
                                0000-8165    ...  Number of grams
                                9999    ...  Unknown or not stated
  211-212        2            BIRWT14
                              Weight at Delivery Recode 14
                           
                                01      ...  249 grams or less
                                02      ...  250-349 grams
                                03      ...  350-499 grams
                                04      ...  500-999 grams
                                05      ...  1000-1499 grams
                                06      ...  1500-1999 grams
                                07      ...  2000-2499 grams
                                08      ...  2500-2999 grams
                                09      ...  3000-3499 grams
                                10      ...  3500-3999 grams
                                11      ...  4000-4499 grams
                                12      ...  4500-4999 grams
                                13      ...  5000-8165 grams
                                14      ...  Unknown or not stated

Item           Item           Variable Name,
Location       Length         Item and Code Outline
  213            1            BIRWT4
                              Weight at Delivery Recode 4
                                1       ...  1499 grams or less
                                2       ...  1500-2499 grams
                                3       ...  2500 grams or more
                                4       ...  Unknown or not stated
  214            1            PLURIMP
                              Plurality Imputation Flag
                                Blank   ...  Plurality is not 
                                             imputed
                                1       ...  Plurality is imputed
  215            1            DPLURAL
                              Plurality
                                Louisiana does not report plurality.
                                1       ...  Single
                                2       ...  Twin
                                3       ...  Triplet
                                4       ...  Quadruplet
                                5       ...  Quadruplet or higher
                                9       ...  Louisiana occurrence 
                                             to resident
  216-217        2            CLINGEST
                              Clinical Estimate of Gestation
                                Clinical estimate is not reported by 
                                all areas. See reporting flags.
                                02-47   ...  Estimated gestation in 
                                             weeks
                                99      ...  Unknown or not stated
  218-219        2            R5
                              Reserved Positions
Item           Item           Variable Name,
Location       Length         Item and Code Outline
  220-314        95           MEDINFO
                              Medical and Health Data
                                Some States do not report an entire 
                                item while other States do not 
                                report all of the categories within 
                                an item. 
                                If an item is not reported, it is 
                                indicated by code zero in the 
                                appropriate reporting flag.
                                If a category within an item is not 
                                reported it is indicated by code 8 
                                in the position for that category.
  220-226        7            DELMETH
                              Method of Delivery
                                Each method is assigned a separate 
                                position, and the code structure for 
                                each method (position) is:
                                1  ...  The method was used
                                2  ...  The method was not used
                                8  ...  Method not on certificate
                                9  ...  Method unknown or not stated
  220            1            VAGINAL
                              Vaginal
  221            1            VBAC
                              Vaginal Birth After Previous C-Section
  222            1            PRIMAC
                              Primary C-Section
  223            1            REPEAC
                              Repeat C-Section
  224            1            FORCEP
                              Forceps
  225            1            VACUUM
                              Vacuum
  226            1            HYSTER
                              Hysterotomy/Hysterectomy
      
Item           Item           Variable Name,
Location       Length         Item and Code Outline
  227                 1            DELMETH6
                              Method of Delivery Recode
                                1  ...  Vaginal (excludes Vaginal 
                                        after previous C-section 
                                2  ...  Vaginal birth after 
                                        previous C-section
                                3  ...  Primary C-section
                                4  ...  Repeat C-Section
                                5  ...  Hysterotomy/Hysterectomy
                                6  ...  Not stated
  228-244        17           MEDRISK
                              Medical Risk Factors
                                Each risk factor is assigned a 
                                separate position, and the code 
                                structure for each risk factor
                                (position) is:
                                1  ...  Factor reported
                                2  ...  Factor not reported
                                8  ...  Factor not on certificate
                                9  ...  Factor not classifiable
  228            1            ANEMIA
                              Anemia (Hct.<30/Hgb.<10)
  229            1            CARDIAC
                              Cardiac disease
  230            1            LUNG
                              Acute or chronic lung disease
  231            1            DIABETES
                              Diabetes
  232            1            HERPES
                              Genital herpes
  233            1            HYDRA
                              Hydramnios/Oligohydramnios
  234            1            HEMO
                              Hemoglobinopathy
Item           Item           Variable Name,
Location       Length         Item and Code Outline
  235            1            CHYPER
                              Hypertension, chronic
  236            1            PHYPER
                              Hypertension, pregnancy-associated
  237            1            ECLAMP
                              Eclampsia
  238            1            INCERVIX
                              Incompetent cervix
  239            1            PRE4000
                              Previous infant 4000+ grams
  240            1            PRETERM
                              Previous preterm or small-for-
                              gestational-age infant
  241            1            RENAL
                              Renal disease
  242            1            RH
                              Rh sensitization
  243            1            UTERINE
                              Uterine bleeding
  244            1            OTHERMR
                              Other Medical Risk Factors 
Item           Item           Variable Name,
Location       Length         Item and Code Outline
  245-255        11           OTHERRSK
                              Other Risk Factors For This Pregnancy
  245-248        4            TOBACRSK
                              Tobacco Risks
  245            1            TOBACCO
                              Tobacco Use During Pregnancy
                                1       ...  Yes
                                2       ...  No
                                9       ...  Unknown or not stated
  246-247        2            CIGAR
                              Average Number of Cigarettes Per Day
                                00-97   ...  As stated
                                98      ...  98 or more cigarettes 
                                             per day
                                99      ...  Unknown or not stated
  248            1            CIGAR6
                              Average Number of Cigarettes Per Day 
                              Recode
                                0       ...  Non smoker
                                1       ...  1-5 cigarettes per day
                                2       ...  6-10 cigarettes per day
                                3       ...  11-20 cigarettes per day
                                4       ...  21-40 cigarettes per day
                                5       ...  41 or more cigarettes 
                                             per day
                                6       ...  Unknown or not stated
  249-252        4            ALCOHRSK
                              Alcohol
  249            1            ALCOHOL
                              Alcohol Use During Pregnancy
                                1       ...  Yes
                                2       ...  No
                                9       ...  Unknown or not stated
          
Item           Item           Variable Name,
Location       Length         Item and Code Outline
  250-251        2            DRINK
                              Average Number of Drinks Per Week
                                00-97   ...  As stated
                                98      ...  98 or more drinks per 
                                             week
                                99      ...  Unknown or not stated
  252            1            DRINK5
                              Average Number of Drinks Per Week Recode
                                0       ...  Non drinker
                                1       ...  1 drink per week
                                2       ...  2 drinks per week
                                3       ...  3-4 drinks per week
                                4       ...  5 or more drinks per 
                                             week
                                5       ...  Unknown or not stated
  253-255        3            WTGANRSK
                              Weight Gain During Pregnancy
  253-254        2            WTGAIN
                              Weight Gain
                                00-97   ...  Stated number of pounds
                                98      ...  98 pounds or more
                                99      ...  Unknown or not stated
  255            1            WTGAIN8
                              Weight Gain Recode
                                1       ...  Less than 10 pounds
                                2       ...  10-14 pounds
                                3       ...  15-19 pounds
                                4       ...  20-24 pounds
                                5       ...  25-29 pounds
                                6       ...  30-34 pounds
                                7       ...  35 or more pounds
                                8       ...  Unknown or not stated

Item           Item           Variable Name,
Location       Length         Item and Code Outline
  256-262        7            OBSTETRC
                              Obstetric Procedures
                                Each procedure is assigned a separate 
                                position, and the code structure 
                                for each procedure (position) is:
                                1  ...  Procedure reported
                                2  ...  Procedure not reported
                                8  ...  Procedure not on certificate
                                9  ...  Procedure not classifiable
  256            1            AMNIO
                              Amniocentesis
  257            1            MONITOR
                              Electronic fetal monitoring
  258            1            INDUCT
                              Induction of labor
  259            1            STIMULA
                              Stimulation of labor
  260            1            TOCOL
                              Tocolysis
  261            1            ULTRAS
                              Ultrasound
  262            1            OTHEROB
                              Other Obstetric Procedures
Item           Item           Variable Name,
Location       Length         Item and Code Outline
  263-278        16           LABOR
                              Complications of Labor and/or Delivery
                                Each complication is assigned a 
                                separate position, and the code 
                                structure for each complication
                                (position) is:
                                1  ...  Complication reported
                                2  ...  Complication not reported
                                8  ...  Complication not on 
                                        certificate
                                9  ...  Complication not classifiable
  263            1            FEBRILE
                              Febrile (>100 degrees F. or 
                              38 degrees C.) 
  264            1            MECONIUM
                              Meconium
  265            1            RUPTURE
                              Premature rupture of membrane 
                              (>12 hours) 
  266            1            ABRUPTIO
                              Abruptio placenta
  267            1            PREPLACE
                              Placenta previa
  268            1            EXCEBLD
                              Other excessive bleeding
  269            1            SEIZURE
                              Seizures during labor
  270            1            PRECIP
                              Precipitous labor (<3 hours) 
  271            1            PROLONG
                              Prolonged labor (>20 hours)
  272            1            DYSFUNC
                              Dysfunctional labor
  273            1            BREECH
                              Breech/Malpresentation
  274            1            CEPHALO
                              Cephalopelvic disproportion
  275            1            CORD
                              Cord prolapse
Item           Item           Variable Name,
Location       Length         Item and Code Outline
  276            1            ANESTHE
                              Anesthetic complications
  277            1            DISTRESS
                              Fetal distress
  278            1            OTHERLB
                              Other Complication of Labor 
                              and/or Delivery
  279-300        22           CONGENIT
                              CONGENITAL ANOMALIES
                                Each anomaly is assigned a separate 
                                position, and the code structure 
                                for each anomaly (position) is:
                                1  ...  Anomaly reported
                                2  ...  Anomaly not reported
                                8  ...  Anomaly not on certificate
                                9  ...  Anomaly not classifiable
  279            1            ANEN
                              Anencephalus
  280            1            SPINA
                              Spina bifida/Meningocele
  281            1            HYDRO
                              Hydrocephalus
  282            1            MICROCE
                              Microcephalus
  283            1            NERVOUS
                              Other central nervous system anomalies
  284            1            HEART
                              Heart malformations
  285            1            CIRCUL
                              Other circulatory/respiratory anomalies
  286            1            RECTAL
                              Rectal atresia/stenosis
  287            1            TRACHEO
                              Tracheo - esophageal fistula/Esophageal 
                              atresia
Item           Item           Variable Name,
Location       Length         Item and Code Outline
  288            1            OMPHALO
                              Omphalocele/Gastroschisis
  289            1            GASTRO
                              Other gastrointestinal anomalies
  290            1            GENITAL
                              Malformed genitalia
  291            1            RENALAGE
                              Renal agenesis
  292            1            UROGEN
                              Other urogenital anomalies
  293            1            CLEFTLP
                              Cleft lip/palate
  294            1            ADACTYLY
                              Polydactyly/Syndactyly/Adactyly
  295            1            CLUBFOOT
                              Club foot
  296            1            HERNIA
                              Diaphragmatic hernia
  297            1            MUSCULO
                              Other musculoskeletal/integumental 
                              anomalies
  298            1            DOWNS
                              Down's syndrome
  299            1            CHROMO
                              Other chromosomal anomalies
  300            1            OTHERCON
                              Other Congenital Anomalies
  301-314        14           R5A
                              Reserved Positions
Item           Item           Variable Name,
Location       Length         Item and Code Outline
  315-339        25           FLRES
                              REPORTING FLAGS FOR PLACE OF RESIDENCE
                                These positions contain flags to 
                                indicate whether or not the specified 
                                item is included in the report of
                                fetal death of the State of residence 
                                identified in positions 31-32.
                                The code structure for each flag 
                                (position) is:
                                0  ...  The item is not reported
                                1  ...  The item is reported
  315            1            GESTALL
                              All Gestations Reported
  316            1            ORIGM
                              Origin of mother
  317            1            ORIGF
                              Origin of father
  318            1            EDUCM
                              Education of mother
  319            1            EDUCF
                              Education of father
  320            1            LLBF
                              Date of last live birth
  321            1            DMARF
                              Marital status
  322            1            DATELMP
                              Date of last normal menses
  323            1            PNCF
                              Month prenatal care began
  324            1            PNVF
                              Number of prenatal visits
  325            1            GESTE
                              Clinical estimate of gestation
  326            1            DELMETRF
                              Method of delivery
  327            1            MEDRSK
                              Medical risk factors

Item           Item           Variable Name,
Location       Length         Item and Code Outline
  328            1            TOBUSE
                              Tobacco use
  329            1            CIGARSF
                              Number of cigarettes
  330            1            ALCUSE
                              Alcohol use
  331            1            DRINKSF
                              Number of drinks
  332            1            WTGN
                              Weight gain
  333            1            OBSTRC
                              Obstetric procedures
  334            1            CLABOR
                              Complications of labor and/or delivery
  335            1            CONGAN
                              Congenital anomalies
  336            1            UCF
                              Underlying cause
  337            1            PLURALF
                              Plurality
  338-339        2            R8
                              Reserved positions
  340            1            ALLGOCC
                              ALL GESTATIONS REPORTING FLAG FOR PLACE 
                              OF OCCURRENCE
                                This position indicates whether or not 
                                all gestation periods are reported 
                                by the State of occurrence identified 
                                in positions 15-16.
                                0  ...  All gestations are not 
                                        reported
                                1  ...  All gestations are reported
Item           Item           Variable Name,
Location       Length         Item and Code Outline
  341-356        16           R8A
                              Reserved Positions
  357-359        3            SMSARES
                              NCHS Primary Metropolitan Statistical 
                              Area (PMSA/MSA) OF Residence
                                Based on residence of the mother.  
                                Primary Metropolitan Statistical 
                                Areas and Metropolitan Statistical 
                                Areas are those defined by the U.S.
                                Office of Managemnt and Budget(OMB) 
                                as of June 30, 1990.  For New 
                                England, the New England county
                                Metropolitan Areas (NECMA's) are used.
                               
                                Further back in this document is a 
                                list of SMSA's and their component 
                                counties.
                                000     ...  Nonmetropolitan counties
                                001-320 ...  Code range
                                999     ...  Area of less than 
                                             100,000 population
                                ZZZ     ...  Foreigh residents
  360            1            POPSMAS
                              PMSA/MSA Population Size
                                Based on the results of the 1990 Census.
     
                                1  ...  MSA of 250,000 and over
                                2  ...  MSA of 100,000 to 250,000
                                9  ...  MSA of less than 100,000 or
                                        Nonmetropolitan area
                                Z  ...  Foreigh resident



                                                                                



This page last reviewed: Thursday, January 28, 2016
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