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Scientific Data Documentation
Fetal Death Detail Record, 1996
DSN:CC36.FETDTH96
DSN:CC36.FETDTH96.PRVIG
         
Documentation of the Fetal Death Tape File for 1996 Data
This tape documentation was prepared in the Division of Vital
Statistics.  Steve Steimel, Jaleh Mousavi and Jordan Sacks of the
Systems Programming and Statistical Resources Branch were
responsible for updating the fetal death documentation. Joyce
Martin of the Reproductive Statistics Branch was responsible for
providing all needed modifications to keep the documentation up-
to-date.  Joyce Martin and Donna Hoyert of the Mortality
Statistics Branch prepared the Fetal Death Technical Appendix. 
The Registration Methods Staff and the Data Acquisition and
Evaluation Branch provided consultation to State vital statistics
offices regarding collection of fetal death data.
Questions concerning the documentation or general questions
concerning the fetal death file should be directed to the Systems
and Programming Branch, Division of Vital Statistics, NCHS, 6525
Belcrest Road, Room 840 Hyattsville, Maryland  20782 
(301-436-8900).
Questions concerning the Technical Appendix or substantive
questions concerning the fetal death or natality data should be
directed to the Reproductive Statistics Branch, Division of Vital
Statistics, NCHS, 6525 Belcrest Road, Room 840, Hyattsville
Maryland  20782
(301-436-8954).
 
Documentation of the Fetal Death Tape Files for 1996 Data
Information on the US fetal death data tape file was abstracted
from the Report of Fetal Death forms received in all the States
and the District of Columbia, with a record on the data file for
each report of a fetal death received.  The data is provided to
the National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS) through the
Vital Statistics Cooperative Program by the registration offices
of all States, the District of Columbia, and New York City. 
Fetal deaths for Puerto Rico, Virgin Islands, and Guam are
included a separate data set in the public-use file.  Data from 
Arizona, California, Louisiana, Nevada, Ohio, Pennsylvania,
Wyoming, and Guam were coded and keyed by NCHS.  All other 1996
data were submitted in machine readable form. 
US Fetal death data are limited to deaths occurring within the
United States to U.S. residents and nonresidents.  Fetal deaths
occurring to U.S. citizens outside the United States are not
included in this data file.  Fetal death data for Puerto Rico,
Virgin Islands, and Guam are limited to deaths occurring within
the respective territories.
In NCHS tabulations by place of residence, fetal deaths to
nonresidents of the United States are excluded.  The foreign
resident records can be identified by code 4 in tape location 7
of the data tape.  In addition, the majority of fetal death
tables published by NCHS include only those fetal deaths with
stated or presumed gestation of 20 weeks or more (see the
Technical Appendix).  Those records identified with a 2 in tape
location 5 are included in these tabulations.  All other records
are excluded.
Effective January 1, 1989, a revised U.S. Standard Report of
Fetal Death replaced the 1978 revision.  The 1989 revision
provides a wide variety of new information on maternal and fetal
health characteristics.  Questions on complications of labor and
delivery and congenital anomalies of fetus were changed from an
open-ended question to a checkbox format to improve reporting of
information.  Several new items were added that improve the data
file's value for monitoring and research of factors affecting
fetal mortality. 
The Office of Management and Budget revised its designation of
metropolitan statistical areas based on figures from the 1990
Census.  For the 1990 through 1993 data files, NCHS has been
using these new definitions and codes as indicated in the listing
of 320 Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MSAs), Primary
Metropolitan Statistical Areas (PMSAs), and New England County
Metropolitan Areas (NECMAs) that were included in the
documentation for those years.  There are also 20 Consolidated
Metropolitan Statistical Areas (CMSAs), which are made up of
PMSAs.  Because other geographic changes based on the 1990 Census
became effective with the 1994 data file, the metropolitan
statistical area designations were updated as well.  Effective
with the 1994 data file there are 311 MSAs, PMSA, and NECMAs and
18 CMSAs as indicated in the listing included in this
documentation.
                             
Documentation of the Fetal Death Tape File for 1996 Data
NCHS has adopted a new policy on release of vital statistics unit
record data files.  This new policy was implemented with the 1989
vital event files to prevent the inadvertent disclosure of
individuals and institutions.  As a result, this file does not
contain the actual day of the death.  The geographic detail is
also restricted; only counties and cities of 100,000 or more
population based on the 1990 Census as well as metropolitan areas
of 100,000 or more population based on the 1990 Census, are
identified.

Included in this document are:
1.   List of data elements and tape locations.
2.   Machine/File/Data Characteristics.
3.   Detail Record Layout.
4.   Geographic Code Outline.
5.   Metropolitan Statistical Areas as adopted for use by NCHS/DVS.
6.   Documentation Tables 1-14.
7.   Technical Appendix - Fetal Death.
8.   Technical Appendix - Natality.

SYMBOLS USED IN TABLES
Symbol    Explanation
  ---     Data not available
  ...     Category not applicable
   -      Quantity zero
  0.0     Quantity more than 0 but less than 0.05
    *     Figure does not meet standards of reliability or precision

                                             Tape
     Data Items                              Locations
1.   General
     a.   Data year                          1-4
     b.   Tabulation flag                    5
     c.   Record type                        6
     d.   Resident status                    7
2.   Occurrence
     a.   NCHS State                         17-18
     b.   Expanded NCHS State                15-16
     c.   NCHS County                        19-21
     d.   Population size - county           27
     e.   Division                           13
     f.   Region                             12
     g.   FIPS State                         22-23
     h.   FIPS County                        24-26
3.   Residence                          
     a.   NCHS state                         33-34
     b.   Expanded NCHS State                31-32
     c.   NCHS County                        35-37
     d.   NCHS City                          38-40
     e.   Population size - city             41
     f.   Population size - county           59
     g.   NCHS MSA                           357-359
     h.   Met/Nonmet county                  42
     i.   Division                           29
     j.   Region                             28
     k.   FIPS State                         43-44
     l.   FIPS County                        45-47
     m.   FIPS Place                         48-52
     n.   FIPS CMSA                          53-54
     o.   FIPS MSA                           55-58
4.   Prenatal Care
     a.   Month began                        113-116
     b.   Number of visits                   117-120
5.   Fetus
     a.   Sex                                202-203
     b.   Race                               204-206
     c.   Plurality                          214-215
     d.   Weight at delivery                 207-213
     e.   Gestation                          197-201,216-217
     f.   Month/year of delivery             186-187,190-193
     g.   Day of week of delivery            194

                                                  Tape
     Data Items                                   Locations
6.   Mother
     a.   Age                                     69-75,87-88
     b.   Race                                    79-81     
     c.   Marital status                          86
     d.   Education                               82-84
     e.   Hispanic origin                         76-77
7.   Pregnancy History                  
     a.   Born alive, now living                  98-99
     b.   Born alive, now dead                    100-101
     c.   Other terminations                      102-103
     d.   Total birth order                       109-111
     e.   Live birth order                        105-107
8.   Father                             
     a.   Age                                     160-164,173-174
     b.   Race                                    167-169
     c.   Education                               170-172
     d.   Hispanic origin                         165-166
9.   Other Items
     a.   Residence reporting flags               315-339
     b.   Attendant at delivery                   10-11
     c.   Place of delivery                       8-9
     d.   Interval since last live birth          135-139
10.  Medical and Health Data            
     a.   Method of delivery                      220-227
     b.   Medical risk factors                    228-244
     c.   Other risk factors
          Tobacco                                 245-248
          Alcohol                                 249-252
          Weight gain during pregnancy            253-255
     d.   Obstetric procedures                    256-262
     e.   Complications of labor and/or delivery  263-278
     f.   Congenital anomalies                    279-300

All FILES:
1.   Machine used:            IBM/3081/K
2.   Language used:           PL/1
3.   File organization:       Multiple files/one reel
4.   Record format:           Blocked, Fixed Format
5.   Record mode:             IBM/EBCDIC 8-Bit Code
6.   Code scheme:             Numeric/Alphabetic/Blanks
7.   Last block:              May be a short block
8.   Record length:           360
9.   Blocksize:               32400
U.S. DATA SET
1.   Record count:                               63,170
2.   Data counts:   ALL FETAL DEATHS:
                    a.   By occurrence:          63,170
                    b.   By residence:           63,099
                    c.   To foreign residents:       71     
                    20 WEEKS AND OVER:
                    a.   By occurrence:          27,323
                    b.   By residence:           27,294
                    c.   To foreign residents:       29

PUERTO RICO, VIRGIN ISLANDS, AND GUAM DATA SET
1.   Record count:                                  718
PUERTO RICO:
2.   Data counts:   ALL FETAL DEATHS:
                    a.   By occurrence:             649
                    b.   By residence:              645
          
                    20 WEEKS AND OVER:
                    a.   By occurrence:             645
                    b.   By residence:              641
          
VIRGIN ISLANDS:
2.   Data counts:   ALL FETAL DEATHS:
                    a.   By occurrence:              32
                    b.   By residence:               33
                    
                    20 WEEKS AND OVER:
                    a.   By occurrence:              31
                    b.   By residence:               32
               
GUAM:
2.   Data counts:   ALL FETAL DEATHS:
                    a.   By occurrence:              37
                    b.   By residence:               36
                    
                    20 WEEKS AND OVER:
                    a.   By occurrence:              34
                    b.   By residence:               33
          
Record Layout
Item           Item           Variable Name,
Location       Length         Item and Code Outline
  1-4            4            DATAYEAR
                              Year of Delivery (Data Year)  
                                1996    ...    1996
  5              1            TABFLAG
                              Tabulation Inclusion Flag
                                The majority of fetal death tables published by
                                NCHS/DVS include only those fetal deaths with stated
                                or presumed gestation of 20 weeks or more, see the
                                Technical Appendix.  This position is used to
                                indicate which records to include in these tables.
                                1        ...    Under 20 weeks (excluded)
                                2        ...    20 weeks or more (included)
  6               1           RECTYPE
                              Record Type
                                1        ... RESIDENTS:  State and county of
                                             occurrence and residence are the
                                             same 
                                2        ... NONRESIDENTS:  State and/or county
                                             of occurrence and residence are
                                             different.
  7               1           RESTATUS
                              Resident Status
                              U.S. Occurrence
                                1        ... RESIDENTS:  State and county of
                                             occurrence and residence are the
                                             same.
                                2        ... INTRASTATE NONRESIDENTS:  State of
                                             occurrence and residence are the
                                             same, but county is different.
                                3        ... INTERSTATE NONRESIDENTS:  State of
                                             occurrence and residence are
                                             different, but both are in the U.S.
                                4        ... FOREIGN RESIDENTS:  State of
                                             occurrence is one of the 50 States
                                             or the District of Columbia, but
                                             place of residence of mother is
                                             outside of the U.S.
                              Puerto Rico Occurrence
                                1        ... RESIDENTS: State and county of
                                             occurrence and residence are the
                                             same.
                                2        ... INTRASTATE NONRESIDENTS:  State of
                                             occurrence and residence are the
                                             same, but county is different.
                                4        ... FOREIGN RESIDENTS: Occurred in
                                             Puerto Rico to a resident of any
                                             other place.
 
Item           Item           Variable Name,
Location       Length         Item and Code Outline
  7               1           RESTATUS
                              Resident Status (Cont'd)
                              Virgin Islands Occurrence
                                1        ... RESIDENTS: State and county of
                                             occurrence and residence are the
                                             same.
                                2        ... INTRASTATE NONRESIDENTS:  State of
                                             occurrence and residence are the
                                             same, but county is different.
                                4        ... FOREIGN RESIDENTS:  Occurred in the
                                             Virgin Islands to a resident of any
                                             other place.
                              Guam Occurrence
                                1        ... RESIDENTS: Occurred in Guam to a
                                             resident of Guam or to a resident of
                                             the U.S.
                                4        ... FOREIGN RESIDENTS:  Occurred in Guam
                                             to a resident of any place other
                                             than Guam or of the U.S. 
  8              1            PLDEL
                              Place or Facility of Delivery 
                                1        ... Hospital delivery
                                2        ... Doctor's offices, mother's
                                             residence, fire department, public
                                             place, etc.
                                3        ... Delivery occurred en route to or on
                                             arrival at a facility
                                9        ... Unknown or not stated
  9              1            PLDEL2
                              Place or Facility of Delivery Recode    
                                1        ... In hospital
                                2        ... Not in a hospital (includes unknown)
  10             1            FATTND
                              Attendant at Delivery
                                1        ... Doctor of Medicine (M.D.)
                                2        ... Doctor of Osteopathy (D.O.)
                                3        ... Certified Nurse Midwife (C.N.M.)
                                4        ... Other Midwife
                                5        ... Other
                                9        ... Unknown or not stated
  11             1            FATTNDR
                              Attendant at Delivery Recode
                                1        ... Physician
                                2        ... Midwife
                                3        ... Other
                                9        ... Unknown or not stated
Item           Item           Variable Name,
Location       Length         Item and Code Outline
  12-27          16           FOCCUR
                              Place of Occurrence
                                Refer to the Geographic Code Outline further back in
                                this document for a detailed list of areas and
                                codes.  Some Geographic Codes have changed to
                                reflect the results of the 1990 Census.
  12-14          3            RDSSCOCC
                              Region, Division, and State Subcode of Occurrence
  12             1            REGNOCC
                              Region of Occurrence     
  13             1            DIVOCC
                              Division of Occurrence
  14             1            STSUBOCC
                              State Subcode of Occurrence
                                States are coded within division and the code
                                structure is designed to sequence the States as
                                they appear in NCHS publications.
                                000      ...  Not applicable: P.R., V.I., or Guam
                                              occurrence
                                1        ...  NORTHEAST
                                  1      ...    New England
                                    1    ...      Maine
                                    2    ...      New Hampshire
                                    3    ...      Vermont 
                                    4    ...      Massachusetts
                                    5    ...      Rhode Island
                                    6    ...      Connecticut
                                  2      ...    Middle Atlantic  
                                    1    ...      New York
                                    2    ...      New Jersey
                                    3    ...      Pennsylvania
                                2        ...  MIDWEST
                                  3      ...    East North Central
                                    1    ...      Ohio
                                    2    ...      Indiana
                                    3    ...      Illinois
                                    4    ...      Michigan
                                    5    ...      Wisconsin
                                  4      ...    West North Central
                                    1    ...      Minnesota
                                    2    ...      Iowa
                                    3    ...      Missouri
                                    4    ...      North Dakota
                                    5    ...      South Dakota
                                    6    ...      Nebraska
                                    7    ...      Kansas
Item           Item           Variable Name,
Location       Length         Item and Code Outline
  12-14          3            RDSSCOCC
                              Region, Division, State Subcode of Occurrence (Cont'd)
                                   
                                3        ...  SOUTH
                                  5      ...    South Atlantic
                                    1    ...      Delaware
                                    2    ...      Maryland
                                    3    ...      District of Columbia
                                    4    ...      Virginia
                                    5    ...      West Virginia
                                    6    ...      North Carolina
                                    7    ...      South Carolina
                                    8    ...      Georgia
                                    9    ...      Florida
                                  6      ...    East South Central  
                                    1    ...      Kentucky
                                    2    ...      Tennessee
                                    3    ...      Alabama 
                                    4    ...      Mississippi
                                  7      ...    West South Central
                                    1    ...      Arkansas
                                    2    ...      Louisiana
                                    3    ...      Oklahoma
                                    4    ...      Texas
                                4        ...  WEST
                                  8      ...    Mountain
                                    1    ...      Montana
                                    2    ...      Idaho
                                    3    ...      Wyoming
                                    4    ...      Colorado
                                    5    ...      New Mexico
                                    6    ...      Arizona
                                    7    ...      Utah
                                    8    ...      Nevada
                                  9      ...    Pacific
                                    1    ...      Washington
                                    2    ...      Oregon
                                    3    ...      California
                                    4    ...      Alaska
                                    5    ...      Hawaii

Item           Item           Variable Name,
Location       Length         Item and Code Outline
  15-16          2            STFETEXP
                              Expanded State of Occurrence
                                This item is designed to separately identify New
                                York city records from other New York State records.
                              U.S.
                                01 ...  Alabama
                                02 ...  Alaska
                                03 ...  Arizona
                                04 ...  Arkansas
                                05 ...  California
                                06 ...  Colorado
                                07 ...  Connecticut
                                08 ...  Delaware
                                09 ...  District of Columbia
                                10 ...  Florida
                                11 ...  Georgia
                                12 ...  Hawaii
                                13 ...  Idaho
                                14 ...  Illinois
                                15 ...  Indiana
                                16 ...  Iowa
                                17 ...  Kansas
                                18 ...  Kentucky
                                19 ...  Louisiana
                                20 ...  Maine
                                21 ...  Maryland
                                22 ...  Massachusetts
                                23 ...  Michigan
                                24 ...  Minnesota
                                25 ...  Mississippi
                                26 ...  Missouri
                                27 ...  Montana
                                28 ...  Nebraska
                                29 ...  Nevada
                                30 ...  New Hampshire
                                31 ...  New Jersey
                                32 ...  New Mexico
                                33 ...  New York
                                34 ...  New York city
                                35 ...  North Carolina
                                36 ...  North Dakota
                                37 ...  Ohio
                                38 ...  Oklahoma
Item           Item           Variable Name,
Location       Length         Item and Code Outline
  15-16          2            STFETEXP
                              Expanded State of Occurrence Cont'd
                              U.S.
                                39 ...  Oregon
                                40 ...  Pennsylvania
                                41 ...  Rhode Island
                                42 ...  South Carolina
                                43 ...  South Dakota
                                44 ...  Tennessee
                                45 ...  Texas
                                46 ...  Utah
                                47 ...  Vermont
                                48 ...  Virginia                        
                                49 ...  Washington
                                50 ...  West Virginia
                                51 ...  Wisconsin
                                52 ...  Wyoming
                              Puerto Rico
                                53 ...  Puerto Rico
                              Virgin Islands
                                54 ...  Virgin Islands
                              Guam
                                55 ...  Guam
  17-18           2           STATEFET
                              State of Occurrence
                              U.S.
                                01 ...  Alabama
                                02 ...  Alaska
                                03 ...  Arizona
                                04 ...  Arkansas
                                05 ...  California
                                06 ...  Colorado
                                07 ...  Connecticut
                                08 ...  Delaware
                                09 ...  District of Columbia
                                10 ...  Florida
                                11 ...  Georgia
                                12 ...  Hawaii
                                13 ...  Idaho
                                14 ...  Illinois
                                15 ...  Indiana
                                16 ...  Iowa
                                17 ...  Kansas
                                18 ...  Kentucky
                                19 ...  Louisiana
                                20 ...  Maine
                                21 ...  Maryland
                                22 ...  Massachusetts
                                23 ...  Michigan
                                24 ...  Minnesota

Item           Item           Variable Name,
Location       Length         Item and Code Outline
  17-18          2            STATEFET
                              State of Occurrence Cont'd
                              U.S.
                                25         ...    Mississippi
                                26         ...    Missouri
                                27         ...    Montana
                                28         ...    Nebraska
                                29         ...    Nevada
                                30         ...    New Hampshire
                                31         ...    New Jersey
                                32         ...    New Mexico
                                33         ...    New York
                                34         ...    North Carolina
                                35         ...    North Dakota
                                36         ...    Ohio
                                37         ...    Oklahoma
                                38         ...    Oregon
                                39         ...    Pennsylvania
                                40         ...    Rhode Island
                                41         ...    South Carolina
                                42         ...    South Dakota
                                43         ...    Tennessee
                                44         ...    Texas
                                45         ...    Utah
                                46         ...    Vermont
                                47         ...    Virginia  
                                48         ...    Washington
                                49         ...    West Virginia
                                50         ...    Wisconsin
                                51         ...    Wyoming
                              Puerto Rico
                                52      ...  Puerto Rico
                              Virgin Islands
                                53      ...  Virgin Islands
                              Guam
                                54      ...  Guam
  19-21          3            CNTYFET
                              County of Occurrence
                                001-nnn    ...    Counties and county equivalents
                                                  (independent and coextensive cities)
                                                  are numbered alphabetically within
                                                  each State.  (Note: To uniquely
                                                  identify a county, both the State
                                                  and county codes must be used.)  A
                                                  complete list of counties is shown
                                                  in the Geographic Code Outline
                                                  further back in this document.
Item           Item           Variable Name,
Location       Length         Item and Code Outline
  22-26          5            FIPSOCC
                              Federal Information Processing Standards 
                              (FIPS) Geographic Codes (Occurrence)
                                Refer to the Geographic Code Outline further back
                                in this document for a detailed list of areas and 
                                codes.  For an explanation of FIPS codes, reference
                                should be made to various National Institute of
                                Standards and Technology (NIST) publications.
                                Some Geographic Codes have changed to reflect the
                                results of the 1990 Census.
  22-23          2            STOCCFIP
                              State of Occurrence (FIPS) 
                              U.S.
                                01 ...  Alabama
                                02 ...  Alaska
                                04 ...  Arizona
                                05 ...  Arkansas
                                06 ...  California
                                08 ...  Colorado
                                09 ...  Connecticut
                                10 ...  Delaware
                                11 ...  District of Columbia
                                12 ...  Florida
                                13 ...  Georgia
                                15 ...  Hawaii
                                16 ...  Idaho
                                17 ...  Illinois
                                18 ...  Indiana
                                19 ...  Iowa
                                20 ...  Kansas
                                21 ...  Kentucky
                                22 ...  Louisiana
                                23 ...  Maine
                                24 ...  Maryland
                                25 ...  Massachusetts
                                26 ...  Michigan
                                27 ...  Minnesota
                                28 ...  Mississippi
                                29 ...  Missouri
                                30 ...  Montana
                                31 ...  Nebraska
                                32 ...  Nevada
                                33 ...  New Hampshire
                                34  ... New Jersey
                                35  ... New Mexico
                                36  ... New York
                                37  ... North Carolina
                                38  ... North Dakota
                                39  ... Ohio
 

Item           Item           Variable Name,
Location       Length         Item and Code Outline
  22-23          2            STOCCFIP
                              State of Occurrence (Cont'd)
                              U.S.
                                40       ... Oklahoma
                                41       ... Oregon
                                42       ... Pennsylvania
                                44       ... Rhode Island
                                45       ... South Carolina
                                46       ... South Dakota
                                47       ... Tennessee
                                48       ... Texas
                                49       ... Utah
                                50       ... Vermont
                                51       ... Virginia  
                                53       ... Washington
                                54       ... West Virginia
                                55       ... Wisconsin
                                56       ... Wyoming
                              Puerto Rico
                                72       ... Puerto Rico
                              Virgin Islands
                                78       ... Virgin Islands
                              Guam
                                66       ... Guam
  24-26          3            CNTOCFIP
                              County of Occurrence (FIPS)
                                001-nnn  ... Counties and county equivalents
                                             (independent and coextensive cities)
                                             are numbered alphabetically within
                                             each State.  (Note:  To uniquely
                                             identify a county, both the State
                                             and county codes must be used.)  A
                                             complete list of counties is shown
                                             in the Geographic Code Outline
                                             further back in this document.
  27             1            CNTOCPOP
                              Population Size of County of Occurrence
                                Based on the results of the 1990 Census
                                  0      ... County of  1,000,000 or more
                                  1      ... County of    500,000 to 1,000,000
                                  2      ... County of    250,000 to   500,000 
                                  3      ... County of    100,000 to   250,000
                                  4      ... County of     50,000 to   100,000
                                  5      ... County of     25,000 to    50,000
                                  6      ... County of     Less than    25,000
Item           Item           Variable Name,
Location       Length         Item and Code Outline
  28-59          32           FRESID
                              Place of Residence
                                Refer to the Geographic Code Outline further back in
                                this document for a detailed list of areas and
                                codes.  Some Geographic Codes have changed to
                                reflect the results of the 1990 Census.
  28-30          3            RDSCRES
                              Region, Division, and State Subcode of Residence
  28             1            REGNRES
                              Region of Residence
  29             1            DIVRES
                              Division of Residence
  30             1            STSUBRES
                              State Subcode of Residence
                                States are coded within Division and the code
                                structure is designed to sequence the States as they
                                appear in NCHS publications.
                              APPLICABLE TO U.S. ONLY
                                000      ...  Foreign residents
                                1        ...  NORTHEAST
                                  1      ...    New England
                                    1    ...      Maine
                                    2    ...      New Hampshire
                                    3    ...      Vermont 
                                    4    ...      Massachusetts
                                    5    ...      Rhode Island
                                    6    ...      Connecticut
                                  2      ...    Middle Atlantic  
                                    1    ...      New York
                                    2    ...      New Jersey
                                    3    ...      Pennsylvania
                                2        ...  MIDWEST
                                  3      ...    East North Central
                                    1    ...      Ohio
                                    2    ...      Indiana
                                    3    ...      Illinois
                                    4    ...      Michigan
                                    5    ...      Wisconsin
                                  4      ...    West North Central
                                    1    ...      Minnesota
                                    2    ...      Iowa
                                    3    ...      Missouri
                                    4    ...      North Dakota
                                    5    ...      South Dakota
                                    6    ...      Nebraska
                                    7    ...      Kansas
Item           Item           Variable Name,
Location       Length         Item and Code Outline
  28-30          3            RDSCRES
                              Region, Division, State Subcode of 
                              Residence (Cont'd)
                                3        ...  SOUTH
                                  5      ...    South Atlantic
                                    1    ...      Delaware
                                    2    ...      Maryland
                                    3    ...      District of Columbia
                                    4    ...      Virginia
                                    5    ...      West Virginia
                                    6    ...      North Carolina
                                    7    ...      South Carolina
                                    8    ...      Georgia
                                    9    ...      Florida
                                  6      ...    East South Central  
                                    1    ...      Kentucky
                                    2    ...      Tennessee
                                    3    ...      Alabama 
                                    4    ...      Mississippi
                                  7      ...    West South Central
                                    1    ...      Arkansas
                                    2    ...      Louisiana
                                    3    ...      Oklahoma
                                    4    ...      Texas
                                4        ...  WEST
                                  8      ...    Mountain
                                    1    ...      Montana
                                    2    ...      Idaho
                                    3    ...      Wyoming
                                    4    ...      Colorado
                                    5    ...      New Mexico
                                    6    ...      Arizona
                                    7    ...      Utah
                                    8    ...      Nevada
                                  9      ...    Pacific
                                    1    ...      Washington
                                    2    ...      Oregon
                                    3    ...      California
                                    4    ...      Alaska
                                    5    ...      Hawaii
Item           Item           Variable Name,
Location       Length         Item and Code Outline
  31-32          2            STRESEXP
                              Expanded State of Residence
                                This item is designed to separately identify New
                                York city records from other New York State records.
                              U.S. Occurrence
                                01      ...  Alabama
                                02      ...  Alaska
                                03      ...  Arizona
                                04      ...  Arkansas
                                05      ...  California
                                06      ...  Colorado
                                07      ...  Connecticut
                                08      ...  Delaware
                                09      ...  District of Columbia
                                10      ...  Florida
                                11      ...  Georgia
                                12      ...  Hawaii
                                13      ...  Idaho
                                14      ...  Illinois
                                15      ...  Indiana
                                16      ...  Iowa
                                17      ...  Kansas
                                18      ...  Kentucky
                                19      ...  Louisiana
                                20      ...  Maine
                                21      ...  Maryland
                                22      ...  Massachusetts
                                23      ...  Michigan
                                24      ...  Minnesota
                                25      ...  Mississippi
                                26      ...  Missouri
                                27      ...  Montana
                                28      ...  Nebraska
                                29      ...  Nevada
                                30      ...  New Hampshire
                                31      ...  New Jersey
                                32      ...  New Mexico
                                33      ...  New York
                                34      ...  New York city
                                35      ...  North Carolina
                                36      ...  North Dakota
                                37      ...  Ohio
                                38      ...  Oklahoma
                                39      ...  Oregon
                                40      ...  Pennsylvania
                                41      ...  Rhode Island
                                42      ...  South Carolina
                                43      ...  South Dakota
                                44      ...  Tennessee
                                45      ...  Texas
Item           Item           Variable Name,
Location       Length         Item and Code Outline
  31-32          2            STRESEXP
                              Expanded State of Residence Cont'd
                              U.S. Occurrence
                                46           ...  Utah
                                47           ...  Vermont
                                48           ...  Virginia
                                49           ...  Washington
                                50           ...  West Virginia
                                51           ...  Wisconsin
                                52           ...  Wyoming
                                53-58,60     ...  Foreign Residents
                                53           ...    Puerto Rico
                                54           ...    Virgin Islands
                                55           ...    Guam
                                56           ...    Canada
                                57           ...    Cuba
                                58           ...    Mexico
                                60           ...    Remainder of the world
                              Puerto Rico Occurrence
                                53           ...  Puerto Rico
                                01-52,54-58,60    ...  Foreign residents:  Refer to 
                                                       U.S. for specific code
                                                       structure.
                              Virgin Islands Occurrence
                                54           ...  Virgin Islands
                                01-53,55-58,60    ...  Foreign residents:  Refer to
                                                       U.S. for specific code
                                                       structure.
                              Guam Occurrence
                                55           ...  Guam
                                01-52        ...  U.S. resident is also
                                                  considered a resident of Guam.
                                53-58,60          ...  Foreign residents:  Refer to
                                                       U.S. for specific code
                                                       structure.
Item           Item           Variable Name,
Location       Length         Item and Code Outline
  33-34          2            STATERES
                              State of Residence
                              U.S. Occurrence
                                01 ...  Alabama
                                02 ...  Alaska
                                03 ...  Arizona
                                04 ...  Arkansas
                                05 ...  California
                                06 ...  Colorado
                                07 ...  Connecticut
                                08 ...  Delaware
                                09 ...  District of Columbia
                                10 ...  Florida
                                11 ...  Georgia
                                12 ...  Hawaii
                                13 ...  Idaho
                                14 ...  Illinois
                                15 ...  Indiana                       
                                16 ...  Iowa
                                17 ...  Kansas
                                18 ...  Kentucky
                                19 ...  Louisiana
                                20 ...  Maine
                                21 ...  Maryland
                                22 ...  Massachusetts
                                23 ...  Michigan
                                24 ...  Minnesota
                                25 ...  Mississippi
                                26 ...  Missouri
                                27 ...  Montana
                                28 ...  Nebraska
                                29 ...  Nevada
                                30 ...  New Hampshire
                                31 ...  New Jersey
                                32 ...  New Mexico
                                33 ...  New York
                                34 ...  North Carolina
                                35 ...  North Dakota
                                36 ...  Ohio
                                37 ...  Oklahoma
                                38 ...  Oregon
                                39 ...  Pennsylvania
                                40 ...  Rhode Island
                                41 ...  South Carolina
                                42 ...  South Dakota
Item           Item           Variable Name,
Location       Length         Item and Code Outline
  33-34          2            STATERES
                              State of Residence Cont'd
                              U.S. Occurrence
                                43           ...  Tennessee
                                44           ...  Texas
                                45           ...  Utah
                                46           ...  Vermont
                                47           ...  Virginia
                                48           ...  Washington
                                49           ...  West Virginia
                                50           ...  Wisconsin
                                51           ...  Wyoming
                                52-57,59     ...  Foreign Residents
                                52           ...    Puerto Rico
                                53           ...    Virgin Islands
                                54           ...    Guam
                                55           ...    Canada
                                56           ...    Cuba
                                57           ...    Mexico
                                59           ...    Remainder of the world
                              Puerto Rico Occurrence
                                52           ...  Puerto Rico
                                01-51,53-57,59    ...  Foreign Residents:  Refer to
                                                       U.S. for specific code
                                                       structure.     
                              Virgin Islands Occurrence
                                53           ...  Virgin Islands
                                01-52,54-57,59    ...  Foreign Residents:  Refer to
                                                       U.S. for specific code
                                                       structure.     
                              Guam Occurrence
                                54           ...  Guam
                                01-51        ...  U.S. resident is also
                                                  considered a resident of Guam.
                                52-57,59          ...  Foreign Residents:  Refer to
                                                       U.S. for specific code
                                                       structure.     
  35-37          3            CNTYRES
                              County of Residence
                                A complete list of counties is shown in the
                                Geographic Code Outline further back in this
                                document.
                                001-nnn      ...  Counties and county
                                                  equivalents (independent and
                                                  coextensive cities) are
                                                  numbered alphabetically within
                                                  each State.  (Note: To
                                                  uniquely identify a county,
                                                  both the State and county
                                                  codes must be used.)
                                ZZZ          ...  Foreign Residents
              
Item           Item           Variable Name,
Location       Length         Item and Code Outline
  38-40          3            CITYRES
                              City of Residence
                                A complete list of cities is shown in the
                                Geographic Code Outline further back in this
                                document.
                                001-nnn ...  Cities are numbered alphabetically
                                             within each State and identify each
                                             city with a population of 10,000 or
                                             more in 1990.  (Note:  To uniquely
                                             identify a city, both the State and
                                             city codes must be used.  State,
                                             county and city codes may also be
                                             used.)
                                999     ...  Balance of county
                                ZZZ     ...  Foreign residents
  41             1            CITRSPOP
                              Population Size of City of Residence
                                Based on the results of the 1990 census
                                0       ...  Place of  1,000,000 or more
                                1       ...  Place of    500,000 to 1,000,000
                                2       ...  Place of    250,000 to   500,000
                                3       ...  Place of    100,000 to   250,000
                                4       ...  Place of     50,000 to   100,000
                                5       ...  Place of     25,000 to    50,000
                                6       ...  Place of     10,000 to    25,000
                                9       ...  All other areas in the U.S.
                                Z       ...  Foreign residents
  42             1            METRORES
                              Metropolitan - Nonmetropolitan County of Residence
                              NOTE:  GUAM AND THE VIRGIN ISLANDS DO NOT HAVE ANY
                                    METROPOLITAN AREAS
                                1       ...  Metropolitan county
                                2       ...  Nonmetropolitan county
                                Z       ...  Foreign residents
  43-58          16           FIPSRES
                              Federal Information Processing Standards (FIPS)
                              Geographic Codes (Residence)
                                Refer to the Geographic Code Outline further back in
                                this document for a detailed list of areas and
                                codes.  For an explanation of FIPS codes, reference
                                should be made to various National Institute of
                                Standards and Technology (NIST) publications.  Some
                                Geographic Codes have changed to reflect the results
                                of the 1990 Census.

 

Item           Item           Variable Name,
Location       Length         Item and Code Outline
  43-44          2            STRESFIP
                              State of Residence (FIPS)
                              U.S. Occurrence
                                00           ...  Foreign residents
                                01           ...  Alabama
                                02           ...  Alaska
                                04           ...  Arizona
                                05           ...  Arkansas
                                06           ...  California
                                08           ...  Colorado
                                09           ...  Connecticut
                                10           ...  Delaware
                                11           ...  District of Columbia
                                12           ...  Florida
                                13           ...  Georgia
                                15           ...  Hawaii
                                16           ...  Idaho
                                17           ...  Illinois
                                18           ...  Indiana
                                19           ...  Iowa
                                20           ...  Kansas
                                21           ...  Kentucky
                                22           ...  Louisiana
                                23           ...  Maine
                                24           ...  Maryland
                                25           ...  Massachusetts
                                26           ...  Michigan
                                27           ...  Minnesota
                                28           ...  Mississippi
                                29           ...  Missouri
                                30           ...  Montana
                                31           ...  Nebraska
                                32           ...  Nevada
                                33           ...  New Hampshire
                                34           ...  New Jersey
                                35           ...  New Mexico
                                36           ...  New York
                                37           ...  North Carolina
                                38           ...  North Dakota
                                39           ...  Ohio
                                40           ...  Oklahoma
                                41           ...  Oregon
                                42           ...  Pennsylvania
                                44           ...  Rhode Island
                                45           ...  South Carolina
                                46           ...  South Dakota
                                47           ...  Tennessee
                                48           ...  Texas
                                49           ...  Utah
Item           Item           Variable Name,
Location       Length         Item and Code Outline
  43-44          2            STRESFIP
                              State of Residence (FIPS) (Cont'd) 
                              U.S. Occurrence
                                50           ...  Vermont
                                51           ...  Virginia
                                53           ...  Washington
                                54           ...  West Virginia
                                55           ...  Wisconsin
                                56           ...  Wyoming
                              Puerto Rico Occurrence
                                00-56,66,78  ...  Foreign Residents:  Refer to
                                                  U.S. for specific code
                                                  structure
                                72           ...  Puerto Rico
                              Virgin Islands Occurrence
                                00-56,66,72  ...  Foreign Residents:  Refer to
                                                  U.S. for specific code
                                                  structure
                                78           ...  Virgin Islands
                              Guam Occurrence
                                00,72,78     ...  Foreign Residents:  Refer to
                                                  U.S. for specific code
                                                  structure
                                01-56        ...  U.S. Resident is also
                                                  considered a resident of Guam. 
                                                  Refer to U.S. for specific
                                                  code structure
                                66           ...  Guam
  45-47          3            CNTYRFIP
                              County of Residence (FIPS)
                                000          ...  Foreign residents
                                001-nnn      ...  Counties and county
                                                  equivalents (independent and
                                                  coextensive cities) are
                                                  numbered alphabetically within
                                                  each State.  (Note:  To
                                                  uniquely identify a county,
                                                  both the State and county
                                                  codes must be used.)  A
                                                  complete list of counties is
                                                  shown in the Geographic Code
                                                  Outline further back in this
                                                  document.
   
Item           Item           Variable Name,
Location       Length         Item and Code Outline
  48-52          5            PLACEFIP
                              Place (City) of Residence (FIPS)
                              A complete list of cities is shown in the Geographic
                              code outline further back in this document.
                              Effective with the 1994 data year, the FIPS place code
                              has been added to the fetal death record.  It
                              identifies each city of 10,000 population or more in
                              1990.
                                00000        ...  Foreign residents
                                00001-nnnnn  ...  Code range
  53-54          2            CMSA
                              CMSA of Residence (FIPS)
                                Consolidated Metropolitan Statistical Areas are
                                groupings of certain Primary Metropolitan
                                Statistical Areas and are defined by the U.S. Office
                                of Management and Budget (OMB) as of 1990.
                              All AREAS
                                00      ...  Not a CMSA
                              U.S. Occurrence
                                07      ...  Boston-Worcester-Lawrence, MA-NH-ME-
                                             -CT, CMSA      
                                14      ...  Chicago-Gary-Kenosha, IL-IN-WI, CMSA
                                21      ...  Cincinnati-Hamilton, OH-KY-IN, CMSA
                                28      ...  Cleveland-Akron, OH, CMSA
                                31      ...  Dallas-Fort Worth, TX, CMSA
                                34      ...  Denver-Boulder-Greeley, CO, CMSA
                                35      ...  Detroit-Ann Arbor-Flint, MI,  CMSA
                                42      ...  Houston-Galveston-Brazoria, TX, CMSA
                                49      ...  Los Angeles-Riverside-Orange County,
                                             CA, CMSA
                                56      ...  Miami-Fort Lauderdale, FL, CMSA
                                63      ...  Milwaukee-Racine, WI, CMSA
                                70      ...  New York-Northern New Jersey-Long,
                                             Island, NY-NJ-CT-PA, CMSA
                                77      ...  Philadelphia-Wilmington  -Atlantic 
                                             City, PA-NJ-DE-MD, CMSA
                                79      ...  Portland-Salem, OR-WA, CMSA
                                82      ...  Sacramento-Yolo, CA, CMSA
                                84      ...  San Francisco-Oakland-SanJose, CA,
                                             CMSA
                                91      ...  Seattle-Tacoma-Bremerton, WA, CMSA
                                97      ...  Washington-Baltimore, DC-MD-VA-WV,
                                             CMSA
                              Puerto Rico Occurrence
                                87      ...  San Juan-Caguas-Arecibo,PR,CMSA
  
Item           Item           Variable Name,
Location       Length         Item and Code Outline
  55-58          4            SMSARFIP
                              PMSA/MSA of Residence (FIPS)
                                Primary Metropolitan Statistical Areas and
                                Metropolitan Statistical Areas are those defined by
                                the U.S.  Office of Management and Budget as of
                                1990.  For New England, the New England County
                                Metropolitan Areas (NECMA's) are used.          
     
                                Further back in this document is a list of PMSA's,
                                MSA's, NECMA's, and their component counties.
                                0000    ...  Nonmetropolitan counties or foreign
                                             residents
                                0040-9360... Code range
     
  59             1            CNTRSPOP
                              Population Size of County of Residence
                                Based on the results of the 1990 Census.
                                0       ...  County of  1,000,000 or more
                                1       ...  County of    500,000 to 1,000,000
                                2       ...  County of    250,000 to   500,000
                                3       ...  County of    100,000 to   250,000
                                4       ...  County of     50,000 to   100,000
                                5       ...  County of     25,000 to    50,000
                                6       ...  County of     Less than    25,000
                                Z       ...  Foreign resident
                          
  60-68          9            MDOB
                              Date of Birth of Mother
  60             1            MDOBIMP
                              Day of Birth of Mother Imputation Flag
                                Day is not imputed if month and/or year is unknown.
                                Blank     ...     Day is not imputed
                                1         ...     Day is imputed
  61-62          2            MDOBMON
                              Month of Birth of Mother
                                01        ...     January   
                                02        ...     February
                                03        ...     March
                                04        ...     April
                                05        ...     May
                                06        ...     June
                                07        ...     July
                                08        ...     August
                                09        ...     September
                                10        ...     October
                                11        ...     November
                                12        ...     December
                                99        ...     Unknown or not stated
    
Item           Item           Variable Name,
Location       Length         Item and Code Outline
     
  63-64          2            MDOBDAY
                              Day of Birth of Mother
                                01-31     ...     As applicable to month of birth
                                99        ...     Unknown or not stated
  65-68          4            MDOBYR
                              Year of Birth of Mother
                                Year is checked for valid numeric codes including
                                unknown.  If invalid, year is made unknown.  Year is
                                not changed to unknown if its use results in an
                                impossible computation.  The computed item is made
                                unknown.
                                1900-1996  ...    Code range
                                9999        ...   Unknown or not stated
  69             1            MAGERFLG
                              Reported Age of Mother Used Flag
                                This position is flagged whenever the mother's
                                reported age is used.  The reported age is used, if
                                valid, when age could not be computed or when the
                                computed age is outside the 10-49 code range.
                                Blank       ...   Reported age is not used
                                1           ...   Reported age is used
  70             1            MAGEIMP
                              Age of Mother Imputation Flag
                                Blank       ...   Age is not imputed
                                1           ...   Age is imputed
  71-72          2            DMAGE
                              Age of Mother
                                This item is: a) computed using dates of birth of
                                mother and of delivery; b) reported; or c) imputed. 
                                This is the age item used in NCHS publications.
                                10-49       ...   Age is single years
Item           Item           Variable Name,
Location       Length         Item and Code Outline
  73-74          2            MAGE12
                              Age of Mother Recode 12
                                01 ...  Under 15 years
                                02 ...  15 years
                                03 ...  16 years
                                04 ...  17 years
                                05 ...  18 years
                                06 ...  19 years
                                07 ...  20 - 24 years
                                08 ...  25 - 29 years
                                09 ...  30 - 34 years
                                10 ...  35 - 39 years
                                11 ...  40 - 44 years
                                12 ...  45 - 49 years
     
  75             1            MAGE8
                              Age of Mother Recode 8
                                1  ...  Under 15 years
                                2  ...  15 - 19 years
                                3  ...  20 - 24 years
                                4  ...  25 - 29 years
                                5  ...  30 - 34 years
                                6  ...  35 - 39 years
                                7  ...  40 - 44 years
                                8  ...  45 - 49 years
  76             1            ORMOTH
                              Hispanic Origin of Mother
                                Origin is not reported by all areas.  See reporting
                                flags.       
                                0  ...  Non-Hispanic
                                1  ...  Mexican
                                2  ...  Puerto Rican
                                3  ...  Cuban
                                4  ...  Central or South American
                                5  ...  Other and unknown Hispanic
                                9  ...  Origin unknown or not stated
Item           Item           Variable Name,
Location       Length         Item and Code Outline
  77             1            ORRACEM
                              Hispanic Origin and Race of Mother Recode
                                Origin is not reported by all areas.  See reporting
                                flags.
                                1  ...  Mexican
                                2  ...  Puerto Rican
                                3  ...  Cuban
                                4  ...  Central or South American
                                5  ...  Other and unknown Hispanic
                                6  ...  Non-Hispanic White
                                7  ...  Non-Hispanic Black
                                8  ...  Non-Hispanic other races
                                9  ...  Origin unknown or not stated
  78             1            MRACEIMP
                              Race of Mother Imputation Flag
                                Blank ...    Race is not imputed
                                1     ...    Race is imputed
  79-80          2            MRACE
                              Race of Mother
                              U.S. Occurrence
                                Beginning with 1992 data, some areas started
                                reporting additional Asian or Pacific Islander codes
                                for race.  Codes 18-68 replace old code 08 for these
                                areas.  Code 78 replaces old code 08 for all other
                                areas.  For consistency with Census race code 09
                                (all other races) used prior to 1992 has been
                                imputed.  
                                01 ...  White
                                02 ...  Black
                                03 ...  American Indian (includes Aleuts and
                                        Eskimos)
                                04 ...  Chinese
                                05 ...  Japanese
                                06 ...  Hawaiian (includes part-Hawaiian)
                                07 ...  Filipino
                                18 ...  Asian Indian
                                28 ...  Korean
                                38 ...  Samoan
                                48 ...  Vietnamese
                                58 ...  Guamanian
                                68 ...  Other Asian or Pacific Islander in areas
                                        reporting codes 18-58
                                78 ...  Combined other Asian or Pacific Islander,
                                        includes codes 18-68 for areas that do not
                                        report them separately
Item           Item           Variable Name,
Location       Length         Item and Code Outline
  79-80          2            MRACE
                              Race of Mother (Cont'd)
                              Puerto Rico Occurrence
                                Does not report race.
                                99 ...  Unknown
                              Virgin Islands Occurrence
                                01 ...  White
                                02 ...  Black
                                03 ...  American Indian (includes Aleuts and
                                        Eskimos)
                                04 ...  Chinese
                                05 ...  Japanese
                                06 ...  Hawaiian (includes part-Hawaiian)
                                07 ...  Filipino
                                08 ...  Other Asian or Pacific Islander
                              Guam Occurrence
                                01 ...  White
                                02 ...  Black
                                03 ...  American Indian (includes Aleuts and
                                        Eskimos)
                                04 ...  Chinese
                                05 ...  Japanese
                                06 ...  Hawaiian (includes part-Hawaiian)
                                07 ...  Filipino
                                08 ...  Other Asian or Pacific Islander
                                10 ...  Guamanian
Item           Item           Variable Name,
Location       Length         Item and Code Outline
  81             1            MRACE3
                              Race of Mother Recode
                              U.S./Virgin Islands/Guam Occurrence
                                1       ...  White
                                2       ...  Races other than White or Black
                                3       ...  Black
                              Puerto Rico Occurrence
                                4       ...  Unknown
  82-83          2            DMEDUC
                              Education of Mother
                                Education is not reported by all areas.  See
                                reporting flags.
                                00      ...  No formal education
                                01-08    ... Years of elementary school
                                09      ...  1 year of high school
                                10      ...  2 years of high school
                                11      ...  3 years of high school
                                12      ...  4 years of high school
                                13      ...  1 year of college
                                14      ...  2 years of college
                                15      ...  3 years of college
                                16      ...  4 years of college
                                17      ...  5 or more years of college
                                99      ...  Not stated     
  84             1            MEDUC6
                              Education of Mother Recode
                                Education is not reported by all areas.  See
                                reporting flags.
                                1       ...  0 - 8 years
                                2       ...  9 - 11 years
                                3       ...  12 years
                                4       ...  13 - 15 years
                                5       ...  16 years and over
                                6       ...  Not stated
  85             1            DMARIMP
                              Marital Status of Mother Imputation Flag
                                Marital status is imputed for residents of 
                                reporting areas only, see technical appendix.
                                The marital status item is imputed in the edit
                                program.  However, it was decided not to maintain
                                the imputed values.
                                Blank   ...  Marital Status is not imputed
                                1       ...  Marital Status is imputed
 
Item           Item           Variable Name,
Location       Length         Item and Code Outline
  86             1            DMAR
                              Marital Status of Mother
                                Marital status is not reported by all areas.  See
                                reporting flags.
                              U.S./Virgin Islands/Guam Occurrence
                                1       ...  Married
                                2       ...  Unmarried
                                9       ...  Unknown or not stated
                              Puerto Rico Occurrence
                                1       ...  Married
                                2       ...  Unmarried parents living together
                                3       ...  Unmarried parents not living
                                             together
                                9       ...  Unknown or not stated
  87-88          2            DMAGERPT
                              Reported Age of Mother
                                10-49   ...  Age in single years
                                99      ...  Unknown or not stated
  89-97          9            R2
                              Reserved Positions
  98-99          2            NLBNL
                              Number of Live Births, Now Living
                                00-30   ...  Stated number of children
                                99      ...  Unknown or not stated
  100-101        2            NLBND
                              Number of Live Births, Now Dead
                                00-30   ...  Stated number of children
                                99      ...  Unknown or not stated
  102-103        2            NOTERM
                              Number of Other Terminations
                                Includes spontaneous and induced at any time after
                                conception.
                                00-30   ...  Stated number of other terminations
                                99      ...  Unknown or not stated
   
Item           Item           Variable Name,
Location       Length         Item and Code Outline
  104            1            LBOIMPF
                              Live Birth Order Imputation Flag
                                Live birth order is imputed in the edit program. 
                                However, it was decided not to maintain the imputed
                                values.
                                Blank   ...  Live birth order is not imputed
                                1       ...  Live birth order is imputed
  105-106        2            DLIVORD
                              Detail Live Birth Order
                                Sum of live births now living and now dead.  If
                                either item is unknown, this item is made unknown.
                                00-40   ...  Number of children born alive to
                                             mother
                                99      ...  Unknown live birth order
  107            1            LIVORD9
                              Live Birth Order Recode
                                0       ...  No children born alive to mother
                                1       ...  One
                                2       ...  Two
                                3       ...  Three
                                4       ...  Four
                                5       ...  Five
                                6       ...  Six
                                7       ...  Seven
                                8       ...  Eight or more
                                9       ...  Unknown live birth order
  108            1            TBOIMP
                              Total Birth Order Imputation Flag
                                Total birth order is imputed in the edit program. 
                                However it was decided not to maintain the imputed
                                values.
                                Blank   ...  Total birth order is not imputed
                                1       ...  Total birth order is imputed
  109-110        2            DTOTORD
                              Detail Total Birth Order
                                Sum of live birth order and other terminations of
                                pregnancy plus one (for this pregnancy).  If either
                                item is unknown, this item is made unknown.
                                01-41   ...  Number of live births and other
                                             terminations of pregnancy
                                99      ...  Unknown total birth order
        
Item           Item           Variable Name,
Location       Length         Item and Code Outline
  111            1            TOTORD9
                              Total Birth Order Recode
                                1       ...  One
                                2       ...  Two
                                3       ...  Three
                                4       ...  Four
                                5       ...  Five
                                6       ...  Six
                                7       ...  Seven
                                8       ...  Eight or more
                                9       ...  Unknown total birth order
  112            1            NAMEDMTH
                              Named Month Prenatal Care Began Flag
                                This position identifies records that contained
                                Jan., Feb., etc. instead of first month, second
                                month, etc. for month of pregnancy prenatal care
                                began.
                                Blank   ...  Numeric month given
                                1       ...  Named month given
  113-114        2            MONPRE
                              Detail Month of Pregnancy Prenatal Care Began
                                Month prenatal care began is not reported by all 
                                areas.  See reporting flags.
                                00      ...  No prenatal care
                                01      ...  1st month
                                02      ...  2nd month
                                03      ...  3rd month
                                04      ...  4th month
                                05      ...  5th month
                                06      ...  6th month
                                07      ...  7th month
                                08      ...  8th month
                                09      ...  9th month
                                99      ...  Unknown or not stated
  115            1            MPRE6
                              Month Prenatal Care Began Recode 6
                                Month prenatal care began is not reported by all 
                                areas.  See reporting flags.
                                1       ...  1st - 2nd month
                                2       ...  3rd month
                                3       ...  4th - 6th month
                                4       ...  7th - 9th month
                                5       ...  No prenatal care
                                6       ...  Unknown or not stated
Item           Item           Variable Name,
Location       Length         Item and Code Outline
  116            1            MPRE5
                              Month Prenatal Care Began Recode 5
                                Month prenatal care began is not reported by all 
                                areas.  See reporting flags.
                                1       ...  1st Trimester (1st-3rd month)
                                2       ...  2nd Trimester (4th-6th month)
                                3       ...  3rd Trimester (7th-9th month)
                                4       ...  No prenatal care
                                5       ...  Unknown or not stated
  117-118        2            NPREVIST
                              Total Number of Prenatal Visits
                                Number of prenatal visits is not reported by all
                                areas.  See reporting flags
                                00      ...  No prenatal visits
                                01-48   ...  Stated number of visits
                                49      ...  49 or more visits
                                99      ...  Unknown or not stated
     
  119-120        2            NPREV12
                              Number of Prenatal Visits Recode
                                Number of prenatal visits is not reported by all
                                areas.  See reporting flags
                                01      ...  No visits
                                02      ...  1 - 2 visits
                                03      ...  3 - 4 visits
                                04      ...  5 - 6 visits
                                05      ...  7 - 8 visits
                                06      ...  9 - 10 visits
                                07      ...  11 - 12 visits
                                08      ...  13 - 14 visits
                                09      ...  15 - 16 visits
                                10      ...  17 - 18 visits
                                11      ...  19 visits or more
                                12      ...  Unknown or not stated

Item           Item           Variable Name,
Location       Length         Item and Code Outline
  121-128        8            LMPDATE
                              Date Last Normal Menses Began
                                Date of last normal menses is not reported by all
                                areas.  See reporting flags.
  121-122        2            LMPMON
                              Month
                                01      ...  January
                                02      ...  February
                                03      ...  March
                                04      ...  April
                                05      ...  May
                                06      ...  June
                                07      ...  July
                                08      ...  August
                                09      ...  September
                                10      ...  October
                                11      ...  November
                                12      ...  December
                                99      ...  Unknown or not stated month of LMP
  123-124        2            LMPDAY
                              Day
                                01-31   ...  As applicable to month of LMP
                                99      ...  Unknown or not stated day of LMP
  125-128        4            LMPYR
                              Year
                                1995    ...  1995
                                1996    ...  1996
                                9999    ...  Unknown or not stated year of LMP
Item           Item           Variable Name,
Location       Length         Item and Code Outline
  129-134        6            LLBDATE
                              Date of last Live Birth
                                Date of last live birth is not reported by all
                                areas.  See reporting flags
                                777777  ...  No previous live birth
  129-130        2            LLBMON
                              Month of Last Live Birth
                                01      ...  January
                                02      ...  February
                                03      ...  March
                                04      ...  April
                                05      ...  May
                                06      ...  June
                                07      ...  July
                                08      ...  August
                                09      ...  September
                                10      ...  October
                                11      ...  November
                                12      ...  December
                                99      ...  Unknown or not stated 
  131-134        4            LLBYR
                              Year of Last Live Birth
                                1900-1996    ...  Stated year
                                9999    ...  Unknown or not stated
  135-137        3            DISLLB
                              Interval Since Last Live Birth
                                This item is computed from date of delivery and date
                                of last live birth.
                                777          ...  No previous live birth
                                000          ...  Zero months (plural birth)
                                001-500 ...  One - five hundred months
                                999          ...  Unknown
Item           Item           Variable Name,
Location       Length         Item and Code Outline
  138-139        2            ISLLB1O
                              Interval Since Last Live Birth Recode
                                00      ...  Not applicable (no previous live
                                             birth)
                                01      ...  Zero months (plural birth)
                                02      ...  1 - 11 months
                                03      ...  12 - 17 months
                                04      ...  18 - 23 months
                                05      ...  24 - 35 months
                                06      ...  36 - 47 months
                                07      ...  48 - 59 months
                                08      ...  60 - 71 months
                                09      ...  72 months and over
                                10      ...  Unknown
  140-150        11           R3
                              Reserved Positions
  151-159        9            FDOB
                              Date of Birth of Father
  151            1            FDOBIMP
                              Day of Birth of Father Imputation Flag
                                Day is not imputed if month and/or year is unknown.
                                Blank   ...  Day is not imputed
                                1       ...  Day is imputed

Item           Item           Variable Name,
Location       Length         Item and Code Outline
  152-153        2            FDOBMON
                              Month of Birth of Father
                                01      ...  January
                                02      ...  February
                                03      ...  March
                                04      ...  April
                                05      ...  May
                                06      ...  June
                                07      ...  July
                                08      ...  August
                                09      ...  September
                                10      ...  October
                                11      ...  November
                                12      ...  December
                                99      ...  Unknown or not stated 
  154-155        2            FDOBDAY
                              Day of Birth of Father
                                01-31   ...  As applicable to month of birth
                                99      ...  Unknown or not stated
  156-159        4            FDOBYR
                              Year of Birth of Father
                                Year is checked for valid numeric codes including
                                unknown.  If invalid, year is made unknown.  Year is
                                not changed to unknown if its use results in an
                                impossible computation.  The computed item is made
                                unknown.
                            
                                1894-1996    ...  Code range
                                9999    ...  Unknown or not stated
  160            1            FAGERFLG
                              Reported Age of Father Used Flag
                                This position is flagged whenever the father's
                                reported age is used.  The reported age is used, if
                                valid, when age could not be computed or when the
                                computed age is less than 10.
                                Blank        ...  Reported age is not used
                                1            ...  Reported age is used
Item           Item           Variable Name,
Location       Length         Item and Code Outline
  161-162        2            DFAGE
                              Age of Father
                                This item is either computed from date of birth of
                                father and date of delivery or is the reported age. 
                                This is the age item used in NCHS publications.
                                10-98   ...  Age is single years
                                99      ...  Unknown or not stated
  163-164        2            FAGE11
                              Age of Father Recode
                                01      ...  Under 15 years
                                02      ...  15 - 19 years
                                03      ...  20 - 24 years
                                04      ...  25 - 29 years
                                05      ...  30 - 34 years
                                06      ...  35 - 39 years
                                07      ...  40 - 44 years
                                08      ...  45 - 49 years
                                09      ...  50 - 54 years
                                10      ...  55 - 59 years
                                11      ...  60 - 98 years
                                12      ...  Not stated
     
  165            1            ORFATH
                              Hispanic Origin of Father
                                Origin is not reported by all areas.  See reporting
                                flags.
                                0       ...  Non-Hispanic
                                1       ...  Mexican
                                2       ...  Puerto Rican
                                3       ...  Cuban
                                4       ...  Central or South American
                                5       ...  Other and unknown Hispanic
                                9       ...  Origin unknown or not stated
Item           Item           Variable Name,
Location       Length         Item and Code Outline
  166            1            ORRACEF
                              Hispanic Origin and Race of Father Recode
                                Origin is not reported by all areas.  See
                                reporting flags.
                                1  ...  Mexican
                                2  ...  Puerto Rican
                                3  ...  Cuban     
                                4  ...  Central or South American
                                5  ...  Other and unknown Hispanic
                                6  ...  Non-Hispanic White
                                7  ...  Non-Hispanic Black
                                8  ...  Non-Hispanic other or unknown race
                                9  ...  Origin unknown or not stated
  167-168        2            FRACE
                              Race of Father
                              U.S. Occurrence
                                Beginning with 1992 data, some areas started
                                reporting additional Asian or Pacific Islander codes
                                for race.  Codes 18-68 replace old code 08 for these
                                areas.  Code 78 replaces old code 08 for all other
                                areas.  Code 09 (all other races) used prior to 1992
                                has been changed to 99.
                                01 ...  White
                                02 ...  Black
                                03 ...  American Indian (includes Aleuts and
                                        Eskimos)
                                04 ...  Chinese
                                05 ...  Japanese
                                06 ...  Hawaiian (includes part-Hawaiian)
                                07 ...  Filipino
                                18 ...  Asian Indian
                                28 ...  Korean
                                38 ...  Samoan
                                48 ...  Vietnamese
                                58 ...  Guamanian
                                68 ...  Other Asian or Pacific Islander in areas
                                        reporting codes 18-58
                                78 ...  Combined other Asian or Pacific Islander,
                                        includes codes 18-68 for areas that do not
                                        report them separately
                                99 ...  Unknown or not stated
                              Puerto Rico Occurrence
                                Does not report race
                                99 ...  Unknown
Item           Item           Variable Name,
Location       Length         Item and Code Outline
  167-168        2            FRACE
                              Race of Father (Cont'd)
                              Virgin Islands Occurrence
                                01 ...  White
                                02 ...  Black
                                03 ...  American Indian (includes Aleuts and
                                        Eskimos)
                                04 ...  Chinese
                                05 ...  Japanese
                                06 ...  Hawaiian (includes part-Hawaiian)
                                07 ...  Filipino
                                08 ...  Other Asian or Pacific Islander
                                99 ...  Unknown or not stated
                              Guam Occurrence
                                01 ...  White
                                02 ...  Black
                                03 ...  American Indian (includes Aleuts and
                                        Eskimos)
                                04 ...  Chinese
                                05 ...  Japanese
                                06 ...  Hawaiian (includes part-Hawaiian)
                                07 ...  Filipino
                                08 ...  Other Asian or Pacific Islander
                                10 ...  Guamanian
                                99 ...  Unknown or not stated
  169           1             FRACE4    
                              Race of Father Recode
                                1  ...  White
                                2  ...  Race other than White, Black, or unknown
                                3  ...  Black
                                4  ...  Unknown or not stated
Item           Item           Variable Name,
Location       Length         Item and Code Outline
  170-171        2            DFEDUC
                              Education of Father
                                Education is not reported by all areas.  See 
                                reporting flags
                                00      ...  No formal education
                                01-08   ...  Years of elementary school
                                09      ...  1 year of high school
                                10      ...  2 years of high school
                                11      ...  3 years of high school
                                12      ...  4 years of high school
                                13      ...  1 year of college
                                14      ...  2 years of college
                                15      ...  3 years of college
                                16      ...  4 years of college
                                17      ...  5 or more years of college
                                99      ...  Not stated
  172           1             FEDUC6
                              Education of Father Recode
                                Education is not reported by all areas.  See 
                                reporting flags
                                1       ...  0 - 8 years
                                2       ...  9 - 11 years
                                3       ...  12 years
                                4       ...  13 - 15 years
                                5       ...  16 years and over
                                6       ...  Not stated
  173-174        2            DFAGERPT
                              Reported Age of Father
                                10-98   ...  Age in single years
                                99      ...  Unknown or not stated
  175-183        9            R4
                              Reserved Positions
  184            1            FDODMIMP
                              Month of Delivery Imputation Flag
                                Blank   ...  Month is not imputed
                                1       ...  Month is imputed
Item           Item           Variable Name,
Location       Length         Item and Code Outline
  185            1            FDODDIMP
                              Day of Delivery Imputation Flag
                                Blank   ...  Day is not imputed
                                1       ...  Day is imputed
  186-187        2            DELMON
                              Month
                                01      ...  January
                                02      ...  February
                                03      ...  March
                                04      ...  April
                                05      ...  May
                                06      ...  June
                                07      ...  July
                                08      ...  August
                                09      ...  September
                                10      ...  October
                                11      ...  November
                                12      ...  December
  188-189        2            DELDAY
                              Day
                                01-31   ...  As applicable to month of birth
  190-193        4            DELYR
                              Year
                                1996    ...  1996
  194            1            WEEKDAY
                              Day of Week of Delivery
                                1       ...  Sunday
                                2       ...  Monday
                                3       ...  Tuesday
                                4       ...  Wednesday
                                5       ...  Thursday
                                6       ...  Friday
                                7       ...  Saturday
  
Item           Item           Variable Name,
Location       Length         Item and Code Outline
  195            1            GESTESTM
                              Clinical Estimate of Gestation Used Flag
                                This position is flagged whenever the clinical
                                estimate of gestation is used.  It is used whenever
                                gestation could not be computed or when the computed
                                gestation is outside the 02-47 code range.
                                Blank   ...  Clinical estimate is not used
                                1       ...  Clinical estimate is used
  196            1            GESTIMP
                              Gestation Imputation Flag
                                Blank   ...  Gestation is not imputed
                                1       ...  Gestation is imputed
  197-198        2            DGESTAT
                              Gestation
                                This item is: a) computed using dates of delivery
                                and last normal menses; b) the clinical estimate; 
                                c) imputed; or d) unknown when there is insufficient
                                data to impute or no valid clinical estimate.  This
                                is the gestation item used in NCHS publications.
                                02-47   ...  2nd through 47th week of gestation
                                99      ...  Unknown
Item           Item           Variable Name,
Location       Length         Item and Code Outline
  199-200        2            GESTAT12
                              Gestation Recode 12
                                01      ...  Under 16 weeks
                                02      ...  16-19 weeks
                                03      ...  20-23 weeks
                                04      ...  24-27 weeks
                                05      ...  28-31 weeks
                                06      ...  32-35 weeks
                                07      ...  36    weeks
                                08      ...  37-39 weeks
                                09      ...  40    weeks
                                10      ...  41    weeks
                                11      ...  42    weeks and over
                                12      ...  Unknown
  201             1            GESTAT5
                              Gestation Recode 5
                                1       ...  Under 20 weeks
                                2       ...  20-23 weeks
                                3       ...  24-27 weeks
                                4       ...  28 weeks and over 
                                5       ...  Unknown
  202            1            FSEXIMP
                              Sex Imputation Flag
                                Sex is imputed only for those records with stated or
                                presumed period of gestation of 20 weeks or more.
                                Blank   ...  Sex is not imputed
                                1       ...  Sex is imputed
  203           1            FSEX
                             Sex
                                1       ...  Male
                                2       ...  Female
                                9       ...  Unknown or not stated
Item           Item           Variable Name,
Location       Length         Item and Code Outline
  204-205        2            MRACE
                              Race of Fetus
                              U.S. Occurrence
                                Beginning with 1992 data, some areas started
                                reporting additional Asian or Pacific Islander codes
                                for race.  Codes 18-68 replace old code 08 for these
                                areas.  Code 78 replaces old code 08 for all other
                                areas.  For consistency with Census race code 09
                                (all other races) used prior to 1992 has been
                                imputed.  
                                01 ...  White
                                02 ...  Black
                                03 ...  American Indian (includes Aleuts and
                                        Eskimos)
                                04 ...  Chinese
                                05 ...  Japanese
                                06 ...  Hawaiian (includes part-Hawaiian)
                                07 ...  Filipino
                                18 ...  Asian Indian
                                28 ...  Korean
                                38 ...  Samoan
                                48 ...  Vietnamese
                                58 ...  Guamanian
                                68 ...  Other Asian or Pacific Islander in areas
                                        reporting codes 18-58
                                78 ...  Combined other Asian or Pacific Islander,
                                        includes codes 18-68 for areas that do not
                                        report them separately
                              Puerto Rico Occurrence
                                Does not report race.
                                99 ...  Unknown
                              Virgin Islands Occurrence
                                01 ...  White
                                02 ...  Black
                                03 ...  American Indian (includes Aleuts and
                                        Eskimos)
                                04 ...  Chinese
                                05 ...  Japanese
                                06 ...  Hawaiian (includes part-Hawaiian)
                                07 ...  Filipino
                                08 ...  Other Asian or Pacific Islander
                              Guam Occurrence
                                01 ...  White
                                02 ...  Black
                                03 ...  American Indian (includes Aleuts and
                                        Eskimos)
                                04 ...  Chinese
                                05 ...  Japanese
                                06 ...  Hawaiian (includes part-Hawaiian)
                                07 ...  Filipino
                                08 ...  Other Asian or Pacific Islander
                                10 ...  Guamanian
Item           Item           Variable Name,
Location       Length         Item and Code Outline
  206            1            MRACE3
                              Race of Fetus Recode
                              U.S./Virgin Islands/Guam Occurrence
                                1       ...  White
                                2       ...  Races other than White or Black
                                3       ...  Black
                              Puerto Rico Occurrence
                                4       ...  Unknown
  207-210        4            DBIRWT
                              Weight at Delivery
                                0000-8165... Number of grams
                                9999     ... Unknown or not stated
  211-212        2            BIRWT14
                              Weight at Delivery Recode 14
                           
                                01      ...  249 grams or less
                                02      ...  250-349 grams
                                03      ...  350-499 grams
                                04      ...  500-999 grams
                                05      ...  1000-1499 grams
                                06      ...  1500-1999 grams
                                07      ...  2000-2499 grams
                                08      ...  2500-2999 grams
                                09      ...  3000-3499 grams
                                10      ...  3500-3999 grams
                                11      ...  4000-4499 grams
                                12      ...  4500-4999 grams
                                13      ...  5000-8165 grams
                                14      ...  Unknown or not stated
  213            1            BIRWT4
                              Weight at Delivery Recode 4
                                1       ...  1499 grams or less
                                2       ...  1500-2499 grams
                                3       ...  2500 grams or more
                                4       ...  Unknown or not stated
  214            1            PLURIMP
                              Plurality Imputation Flag
                                Blank   ...  Plurality is not imputed
                                1       ...  Plurality is imputed
Item           Item           Variable Name,
Location       Length         Item and Code Outline
  215            1            DPLURAL
                              Plurality
                                1       ...  Single
                                2       ...  Twin
                                3       ...  Triplet
                                4       ...  Quadruplet
                                5       ...  Quintuplet or higher
                                
  216-217        2            CLINGEST
                              Clinical Estimate of Gestation
                                Clinical estimate is not reported by all areas.  See
                                reporting flags.
                                02-47   ...  Estimated gestation in weeks
                                99      ...  Unknown or not stated
  218-219        2            R5
                              Reserved Positions
 
Item           Item           Variable Name,
Location       Length         Item and Code Outline
  220-314        95           MEDINFO
                              Medical and Health Data
                                Some States do not report an entire item while other
                                States do not report all of the categories within an
                                item. 
                                If an item is not reported, it is indicated by code 
                                zero in the appropriate reporting flag.
                                If a category within an item is not reported it is
                                indicated by code 8 in the position for that
                                category.
  220-226        7            DELMETH
                              Method of Delivery
                                Each method is assigned a separate position, and the
                                code structure for each method (position) is:
                                1  ...  The method was used
                                2  ...  The method was not used
                                8  ...  Method not on certificate
                                9  ...  Method unknown or not stated
  220            1            VAGINAL
                              Vaginal
  221            1            VBAC
                              Vaginal Birth After Previous C-Section
  222            1            PRIMAC
                              Primary C-Section
  223            1            REPEAC
                              Repeat C-Section
  224            1            FORCEP
                              Forceps
  225            1            VACUUM
                              Vacuum
  226            1            HYSTER
                              Hysterotomy/Hysterectomy

Item           Item           Variable Name,
Location       Length         Item and Code Outline
  227            1            DELMETH6
                              Method of Delivery Recode
                                1  ...  Vaginal (excludes Vaginal after previous 
                                        C-section 
                                2  ...  Vaginal birth after previous C-section
                                3  ...  Primary C-section
                                4  ...  Repeat C-Section
                                5  ...  Hysterotomy/Hysterectomy
                                6  ...  Not stated
  228-244        17           MEDRISK
                              Medical Risk Factors
                                Each risk factor is assigned a separate position,
                                and the code structure for each risk factor
                                (position) is:
                                1  ...  Factor reported
                                2  ...  Factor not reported
                                8  ...  Factor not on certificate
                                9  ...  Factor not classifiable
  228            1            ANEMIA
                              Anemia (Hct.<30/Hgb.<10)
  229            1            CARDIAC
                              Cardiac disease
  230            1            LUNG
                              Acute or chronic lung disease
  231            1            DIABETES
                              Diabetes
  232            1            HERPES
                              Genital herpes
  233            1            HYDRA
                              Hydramnios/Oligohydramnios
  234            1            HEMO
                              Hemoglobinopathy

Item           Item           Variable Name,
Location       Length         Item and Code Outline
  235            1            CHYPER
                              Hypertension, chronic
  236            1            PHYPER
                              Hypertension, pregnancy-associated
  237            1            ECLAMP
                              Eclampsia
  238            1            INCERVIX
                              Incompetent cervix
  239            1            PRE4000
                              Previous infant 4000+ grams
  240            1            PRETERM
                              Previous preterm or small-for-gestational-age infant
  241            1            RENAL
                              Renal disease
  242            1            RH
                              Rh sensitization
  243            1            UTERINE
                              Uterine bleeding
  244            1            OTHERMR
                              Other Medical Risk Factors 
 
Item           Item           Variable Name,
Location       Length         Item and Code Outline
  245-255        11           OTHERRSK
                              Other Risk Factors For This Pregnancy
  245-248        4            TOBACRSK
                              Tobacco Risks
  245            1            TOBACCO
                              Tobacco Use During Pregnancy
                                1       ...  Yes
                                2       ...  No
                                9       ...  Unknown or not stated
  246-247        2            CIGAR
                              Average Number of Cigarettes Per Day
                                00-97   ...  As stated
                                98      ...  98 or more cigarettes per day
                                99      ...  Unknown or not stated
  248            1            CIGAR6
                              Average Number of Cigarettes Per Day Recode
                                0       ...  Non smoker
                                1       ...  1-5 cigarettes per day
                                2       ...  6-10 cigarettes per day
                                3       ...  11-20 cigarettes per day
                                4       ...  21-40 cigarettes per day
                                5       ...  41 or more cigarettes per day
                                6       ...  Unknown or not stated
  249-252        4            ALCOHRSK
                              Alcohol
  249            1            ALCOHOL
                              Alcohol Use During Pregnancy
                                1       ...  Yes
                                2       ...  No
                                9       ...  Unknown or not stated

 

Item           Item           Variable Name,
Location       Length         Item and Code Outline
  250-251        2            DRINK
                              Average Number of Drinks Per Week
                                00-97   ...  As stated
                                98      ...  98 or more drinks per week
                                99      ...  Unknown or not stated
  252            1            DRINK5
                              Average Number of Drinks Per Week Recode
                                0       ...  Non drinker
                                1       ...  1 drink per week
                                2       ...  2 drinks per week
                                3       ...  3-4 drinks per week
                                4       ...  5 or more drinks per week
                                5       ...  Unknown or not stated
  253-255        3            WTGANRSK
                              Weight Gain During Pregnancy
  253-254        2            WTGAIN
                              Weight Gain
                                00-97   ...  Stated number of pounds
                                98      ...  98 pounds or more
                                99      ...  Unknown or not stated
  255            1            WTGAIN8
                              Weight Gain Recode
                                1       ...  Less than 10 pounds
                                2       ...  10-14 pounds
                                3       ...  15-19 pounds
                                4       ...  20-24 pounds
                                5       ...  25-29 pounds
                                6       ...  30-34 pounds
                                7       ...  35 or more pounds
                                8       ...  Unknown or not stated

Item           Item           Variable Name,
Location       Length         Item and Code Outline
  256-262        7            OBSTETRC
                              Obstetric Procedures
                                Each procedure is assigned a separate position, and
                                the code structure for each procedure (position) is:
                                1  ...  Procedure reported
                                2  ...  Procedure not reported
                                8  ...  Procedure not on certificate
                                9  ...  Procedure not classifiable
  256            1            AMNIO
                              Amniocentesis
  257            1            MONITOR
                              Electronic fetal monitoring
  258            1            INDUCT
                              Induction of labor
  259            1            STIMULA
                              Stimulation of labor
  260            1            TOCOL
                              Tocolysis
  261            1            ULTRAS
                              Ultrasound
  262            1            OTHEROB
                              Other Obstetric Procedures

Item           Item           Variable Name,
Location       Length         Item and Code Outline
  263-278        16           LABOR
                              Complications of Labor and/or Delivery
                                Each complication is assigned a separate position,
                                and the code structure for each complication
                                (position) is:
                                1  ...  Complication reported
                                2  ...  Complication not reported
                                8  ...  Complication not on certificate
                                9  ...  Complication not classifiable
  263            1            FEBRILE
                              Febrile (>100 degrees F. or 38 degrees C.) 
  264            1            MECONIUM
                              Meconium
  265            1            RUPTURE
                              Premature rupture of membrane (>12 hours) 
  266            1            ABRUPTIO
                              Abruptio placenta
  267            1            PREPLACE
                              Placenta previa
  268            1            EXCEBLD
                              Other excessive bleeding
  269            1            SEIZURE
                              Seizures during labor
  270            1            PRECIP
                              Precipitous labor (<3 hours) 
  271            1            PROLONG
                              Prolonged labor (>20 hours)
  272            1            DYSFUNC
                              Dysfunctional labor
  273            1            BREECH
                              Breech/Malpresentation
  274            1            CEPHALO
                              Cephalopelvic disproportion
  275            1            CORD
                              Cord prolapse

Item           Item           Variable Name,
Location       Length         Item and Code Outline
  276            1            ANESTHE
                              Anesthetic complications
  277            1            DISTRESS
                              Fetal distress
  278            1            OTHERLB
                              Other Complication of Labor and/or Delivery
  279-300        22           CONGENIT
                              CONGENITAL ANOMALIES
                                Each anomaly is assigned a separate position, and
                                the code structure for each anomaly (position) is:
                                1  ...  Anomaly reported
                                2  ...  Anomaly not reported
                                8  ...  Anomaly not on certificate
                                9  ...  Anomaly not classifiable
  279            1            ANEN
                              Anencephalus
  280            1            SPINA
                              Spina bifida/Meningocele
  281            1            HYDRO
                              Hydrocephalus
  282            1            MICROCE
                              Microcephalus
  283            1            NERVOUS
                              Other central nervous system anomalies
  284            1            HEART
                              Heart malformations
  285            1            CIRCUL
                              Other circulatory/respiratory anomalies
  286            1            RECTAL
                              Rectal atresia/stenosis
  287            1            TRACHEO
                              Tracheo - esophageal fistula/Esophageal atresia

 

Item           Item           Variable Name,
Location       Length         Item and Code Outline
  288            1            OMPHALO
                              Omphalocele/Gastroschisis
  289            1            GASTRO
                              Other gastrointestinal anomalies
  290            1            GENITAL
                              Malformed genitalia
  291            1            RENALAGE
                              Renal agenesis
  292            1            UROGEN
                              Other urogenital anomalies
  293            1            CLEFTLP
                              Cleft lip/palate
  294            1            ADACTYLY
                              Polydactyly/Syndactyly/Adactyly
  295            1            CLUBFOOT
                              Club foot
  296            1            HERNIA
                              Diaphragmatic hernia
  297            1            MUSCULO
                              Other musculoskeletal/integumental anomalies
  298            1            DOWNS
                              Down's syndrome
  299            1            CHROMO
                              Other chromosomal anomalies
  300            1            OTHERCON
                              Other Congenital Anomalies
 
Item           Item           Variable Name,
Location       Length         Item and Code Outline
  301-314        14           UCAUSE
                              UNDERLYING CAUSE OF FETAL DEATH
  301-304        4            DETICD
                              ICD CODE (9TH REVISION)
                               See the "International Classification of Diseases",
                               1975 Revision, Volume 1.  For injuries and
                               poisoning, the external cause is  coded (E800-E999)
                               rather than the Nature of Injury (800-999).  These
                               positions do not include the letter E for the
                               external cause of injury.  For those causes that do
                               not have a 4th digit, location 304 is blank.
  305            1            R6
                              Reserved Position
  306-308        3            C72
                              72 Cause Recode
                                A recode of the ICD cause code into 72 groups for
                                NCHS publications.  Further back in this document is
                                a complete list of recodes and the causes included.
                                010-770 ...  Code range (not inclusive)
  309-314        6            R7
                              Reserved Positions

Item           Item           Variable Name,
Location       Length         Item and Code Outline
  315-339        25           FLRES
                              REPORTING FLAGS FOR PLACE OF RESIDENCE
                                These positions contain flags to indicate whether or
                                not the specified item is included in the report of
                                fetal death of the State of residence identified in
                                positions 31-32.
                                The code structure for each flag (position) is:
                                0  ...  The item is not reported
                                1  ...  The item is reported
  315            1            GESTALL
                              All Gestations Reported
  316            1            ORIGM
                              Origin of mother
  317            1            ORIGF
                              Origin of father
  318            1            EDUCM
                              Education of mother
  319            1            EDUCF
                              Education of father
  320            1            LLBF
                              Date of last live birth
  321            1            DMARF
                              Marital status
  322            1            DATELMP
                              Date of last normal menses
  323            1            PNCF
                              Month prenatal care began
  324            1            PNVF
                              Number of prenatal visits
  325            1            GESTE
                              Clinical estimate of gestation
  326            1            DELMETRF
                              Method of delivery
  327            1            MEDRSK
                              Medical risk factors
Item           Item           Variable Name,
Location       Length         Item and Code Outline
  328            1            TOBUSE
                              Tobacco use
  329            1            CIGARSF
                              Number of cigarettes
  330            1            ALCUSE
                              Alcohol use
  331            1            DRINKSF
                              Number of drinks
  332            1            WTGN
                              Weight gain
  333            1            OBSTRC
                              Obstetric procedures
  334            1            CLABOR
                              Complications of labor and/or delivery
  335            1            CONGAN
                              Congenital anomalies
  336            1            UCF
                              Underlying cause
  337            1            PLURALF
                              Plurality
  338-339        2            R8
                              Reserved positions
  340            1            ALLGOCC
                              ALL GESTATIONS REPORTING FLAG FOR PLACE OF OCCURRENCE
                                This position indicates whether or not all gestation
                                periods are reported by the State of occurrence
                                identified in positions 15-16.
                                0  ...  All gestations are not reported
                                1  ...  All gestations are reported

Item           Item           Variable Name,
Location       Length         Item and Code Outline
  341            1            GESTCIMP
                              Computed Gestation Imputation Flag
                                Gestation is imputed if day of LMP is the only item
                                unknown of the items used to compute gestation.
                                Blank   ...  Gestation is not imputed
                                1       ...  Gestation is imputed
  342-343        2            GESTCOMP
                              Computed Gestation
                                This item is computed using dates of last normal
                                menses and delivery.
                                02-47   ...  2nd through 47th week of gestation
                                99      ...  Unknown
  344-345        2            MAGECOMP
                              Computed Age of Mother
                                This item is computed using dates of delivery and of
                                birth of mother and is computed if, at least, year
                                of birth of mother is known.
                                10-49   ...  Age in single years
                                99      ...  Unknown
  346-347        2            FAGECOMP
                              Computed Age of Father
                                This item is computed using dates of delivery and of
                                birth of father and is computed if, at least, year
                                of birth of father is known.
                                10-98   ...  Age is single years
                                99      ...  Unknown
Item           Item           Variable Name,
Location       Length         Item and Code Outline
  348-349        2            SN
                              Shipment Number
                                01-nn   ...  Shipments from each reporting area
                                             are numbered consecutively.
  350            1            RPRTAREA
                              Reporting Area
                                These codes used with the State of occurrence codes,
                                locations 17-18, identify separate reporting areas.
                                1       ...  Bronx borough, Bronx county
                                2       ...  Brooklyn borough, Kings county
                                3       ...  Manhattan borough, New York county
                                4       ...  Queens borough, Queens county
                                5       ...  Staten island borough, Richmond
                                             county    
                                6       ...  Chicago
                                0       ...  All other areas
  351-356        6            CERTNUMB
                              Certificate Number
     
                              Assigned within reporting area.

Item           Item           Variable Name,
Location       Length         Item and Code Outline
  357-359        3            SMSARES
                              NCHS Primary Metropolitan Statistical Area (PMSA/MSA)
                              Of Residence
                                Based on residence of the mother.  Primary
                                Metropolitan Statistical Areas and Metropolitan
                                Statistical Areas are those defined by the U.S.
                                Office of Management and Budget (OMB) as of 
                                1990.  For New England, the New England County
                                Metropolitan Areas (NECMA's) are used.
                                Further back in this document is a list of SMSA's
                                and their component counties.
                                000          ...  Nonmetropolitan counties
                                001-311 ...  Code range
                                ZZZ          ...  Foreign residents
  360                 1            POPSMAS
                              PMSA/MSA Population Size
                                Based on the results of the 1990 Census.
     
                                1       ...  MSA of 250,000 and over
                                2       ...  MSA of 100,000 to 250,000
                                3       ...  MSA of less than 100,000
                                9       ...  Nonmetropolitan area
                                Z       ...  Foreign resident

Vital Statistics Geographic Code Outline for the United States
The following pages show in detail the geographic codes used by the Division
of Vital Statistics in the processing of vital event data occurring in the
United States.  When an event occurs to a nonresident of the United States,
residence data are coded only to the "State" level; several western hemisphere
countries or the remainder of the world are uniquely identified.  Along with
the Division of Vital Statistics codes, the Federal Information Processing
Standards (FIPS) codes are shown for several items.  Both sets of codes appear
on the vital event public-use files.  Codes are effective with the 1994 data
year and are based on the 1990 Census.
To aid the user in interpreting the geographic codes, a brief explanation of
the codes and of the column headings/abbreviations shown on the following
pages are:
State (St):  Each State and the District of Columbia are numbered
alphabetically.  In addition, several unique codes are used to identify
nonresidents of the U.S.
County (Cnty):  Counties and county equivalents (independent and coextensive
cities) are numbered alphabetically within each state.
P/MSA:  Primary metropolitan statistical areas and metropolitan statistical
areas are those established by the U.S. Office of Management and Budget (OMB)
using 1990 Census population counts.  For New England, the New England County
Metropolitan Areas (NECMA) are used.
M/NM:  Metropolitan counties (code 1) are component counties of P/MSA's
Nonmetropolitan counties (code 2) are not part of any P/MSA.
City or Place:  Cities/Places are numbered alphabetically within each State
and identify each city with a population of 10,000 or more in 1990
P/S:  Population size code for city/place of residence based on the 1990
Census.  Refer to the code outline given earlier in this document for specific
codes and meanings.
Name:  Each State, county, and city name is listed along with its respective
code.  In addition, places used to identify nonresidents of the U.S. are also
listed along with their codes.
FIPS:  For an explanation of FIPS codes, reference should be made to various
National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) publications.
So! How do I find Yavapai county, Arizona; or Tupelo city, Mississippi?
Since counties and cities/places are numbered within State, the State and
county or the State and city/places codes must be used to select these areas. 
It is most helpful if the county is known when looking for a particular city
since areas are shown by State, county, and city/place.
Yavapai county, Arizona - State and county codes NCHS:  03  014; FIPS: 04 025.
Tupelo, Mississippi - State and city/place codes NCHS: 25 032; FIPS: 28 74840; 
or State, county, city/place codes NCHS:  25 041 032; FIPS:  28 081 74840.
Vital Statistics Geographic Code Outline for Puerto Rico, Virgin Islands and
Guam
The following pages show in detail the geographic codes used by the Division
of Vital Statistics in the processing of vital event data occurring in Puerto
Rico,  Virgin Islands, or Guam.  When an event occurs to a nonresident of
these areas, residence data are coded only to the "State" level; each U.S.
state, several western hemisphere countries or the remainder of the world are
uniquely identified.  Along with the Division of Vital Statistics codes, the
Federal Information Processing Standards (FIPS) codes are shown for several
items.  Both sets of codes appear on the vital event public-use files.  Codes
are effective with the 1994, data year and are based on results of the 1990
Census.
To aid the user in interpreting the geographic codes, a brief explanation of
the codes and of the column headings/abbreviations shown on the following
pages are:
Puerto Rico:
 State (St):  Puerto Rico has its own unique code. In addition, several unique
 codes are used to identify nonresidents of Puerto Rico.
 County (Cnty):  Each municipio (county equivalent) is numbered alphabetically.
 P/MSA:  Primary metropolitan statistical areas and metropolitan statistical
 areas are those established by the U.S. Office of Management and Budget (OMB)
 using 1990 Census population counts.  
 M/NM:  Metropolitan counties (code 1) are component counties of P/MSA's
 Nonmetropolitan counties (code 2) are not part of any P/MSA.
 City or Place:  No city/places in Puerto Rico are identified.
 Name:  Puerto Rico and each municipio are listed along with their respective
 codes.  In addition, places used to identify nonresidents of Puerto Rico are
 also listed along with their codes.
 FIPS:  For an explanation of FIPS codes, reference should be made to various
 National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) publications.
Virgin Islands:
 State (St):  The Virgin Islands has its own unique code. In addition, several
 unique codes are used to identify nonresidents of the Virgin Islands.
 County (Cnty):  Several Islands (county equivalent) are numbered
 alphabetically.
 P/MSA:  None are identified in the Virgin Islands.  
 M/NM:  No metropolitan areas are identified for the Virgin Islands.
 City or Place:  City/places are numbered alphabetically and identify each city
 with a population of 10,000 or more in 1990.
 P/S:  Population size code for city of residence based on the 1990 Census. 
 Refer to the code outline given earlier in this document for specific codes and
 meanings.
 Name: The Virgin Islands as a whole and several islands are listed along with
 their respective codes.  In addition, places used to identify nonresidents of
 the Virgin Islands are also listed along with their codes.
Guam:
 State (St):  Guam has its own unique code. In addition, several unique codes
 are used to identify nonresidents of Guam.
 County (Cnty):  None are identified in Guam.
 P/MSA:  None are identified in Guam.  
 M/NM:  No metropolitan areas are identified for Guam.
 City or Place:  None are identified in Guam.
 P/S:  No population size groups are identified for Guam.
 Name: Guam as a whole is listed along with its respective code.  In addition,
 places used to identify nonresidents of Guam are also listed along with their
 codes.



This page last reviewed: Thursday, January 28, 2016
This information is provided as technical reference material. Please contact us at cwus@cdc.gov to request a simple text version of this document.
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