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Scientific Data Documentation
Alcohol Consumption Data, 1987
ALCOHOL ABUSE AND ALCOHOLISM DATA


APPARENT PER CAPITA CONSUMPTION (PCCONSU)

 Apparent Total Alcohol Consumption for States and U.S., 1987
 (Volume and ethanol in thousands of gallons)

                Beer               Wine             Spirits           Total
 State    --------------     --------------    ----------------       -----
           Vol.      Eth.      Vol.     Eth.      Vol.      Eth.       Eth.
 --------------------------------------------------------------------------
  AL     78,730     3,543     4,571      590     4,803     1,988      6,121
  AK     14,041       632     1,605      207     1,208       500      1,339
  AZ     98,739     4,443     9,557    1,233     5,546     2,296      7,972
  AR     45,262     2,037     1,548      200     2,420     1,002      3,238
  CA    662,484    29,812   125,764   16,224    49,516    20,500     66,535

  CO     83,022     3,736     8,941    1,153     5,875     2,432      7,322
  CT     67,603     3,042    10,596    1,367     7,183     2,974      7,383
  DE     16,691       751     1,711      221     1,537       636      1,608
  DC     16,926       762     3,987      514     2,971     1,230      2,506
  FL    332,631    14,968    32,128    4,145    24,895    10,306     29,419

  GA    132,740     5,973    10,166    1,311    11,971     4,956     12,241
  HI     29,852     1,343     2,661      343     1,587       657      2,344
  ID     21,972       989     2,219      286     1,061       439      1,714
  IL    288,792    12,996    27,637    3,565    19,489     8,068     24,629
  IN    121,685     5,476     7,624      983     7,150     2,960      9,419

  IA     65,507     2,948     3,699      477     3,171     1,313      4,738
  KS     48,926     2,202     2,481      320     2,671     1,106      3,628
  KY     67,736     3,048     3,155      407     4,297     1,779      5,234
  LA    103,346     4,651     6,348      819     6,218     2,574      8,044
  ME     26,872     1,209     2,783      359     2,113       875      2,443

  MD    105,649     4,754    10,791    1,392     9,534     3,947     10,093
  MA    138,965     6,253    19,189    2,475    13,255     5,488     14,216
  MI    215,038     9,677    18,944    2,444    15,204     6,294     18,415
  MN     98,593     4,437     8,256    1,065     7,689     3,183      8,685
  MS     56,609     2,547     1,455      188     3,217     1,332      4,067

  MO    123,762     5,569     8,682    1,120     7,164     2,966      9,655
  MT     22,017       991     1,624      209     1,178       488      1,688
  NE     39,155     1,762     2,162      279     2,011       832      2,873
  NV     36,850     1,658     5,292      683     4,118     1,705      4,046
  NH     36,631     1,648     3,302      426     4,118     1,705      3,779

  NJ    164,728     7,413    26,171    3,376    15,388     6,371     17,159
  NM     41,494     1,867     3,128      404     1,863       771      3,042
  NY    370,987    16,694    53,585    6,912    31,814    13,171     36,778
  NC    127,989     5,760    11,174    1,441     8,965     3,712     10,913
  ND     15,635       704       817      105     1,110       460      1,269

  OH    258,237    11,621    15,795    2,038    12,292     5,089     18,747
  OK     59,591     2,682     2,975      384     3,539     1,465      4,531
  OR     61,539     2,769     8,925    1,151     3,814     1,579      5,500
  PA    299,912    13,496    15,352    1,980    14,607     6,047     21,524
  RI     25,221     1,135     3,242      418     1,858       769      2,322

  SC     80,644     3,629     5,699      735     5,791     2,397      6,762
  SD     15,215       685       829      107     1,063       440      1,232
  TN    101,866     4,584     4,600      593     5,876     2,432      7,610
  TX    461,986    20,789    28,992    3,740    19,066     7,893     32,423
  UT     21,850       983     1,366      176     1,407       582      1,742

  VT     15,229       685     1,970      254     1,055       437      1,376
  VA    148,506     6,683     9,497    1,225     8,233     3,408     11,316
  WA     99,376     4,472    15,647    2,018     6,978     2,889      9,379
  WV     37,683     1,696     1,525      197     1,508       624      2,517
  WI    157,474     6,816    10,516    1,357     9,066     3,753     11,926
  WY     12,020       541       698       90       780       323        954

 U.S. Total
      5,768,009   259,560   571,381   73,708   389,243   161,147    494,416

 --------------------------------------------------------------------------
 Sources:
        Alcohol Epidemiologic Data System.  Brooks, S.D., Williams, G.E.,
        Stinson, F.S., and Noble, J.  SURVEILLANCE REPORT #13:  APPARENT
        PER CAPITA CONSUMPTION:  NATIONAL, STATE AND REGIONAL TRENDS,
        1977-1987.  Rockville, MD:  National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and
        Alcoholism, Division of Biometry and Epidemiology (September 1989).

 (Entered: 12/88 -- Revised 10/89)

 Apparent Per Capita Ethanol Consumption for U.S., 1850-1987
 (Gallons of ethanol, based on population age 15 and older prior to 1970
  and on population age 14 and older thereafter)

 ------------------------------------------------------
    Year      Beer      Wine     Spirits    Total
 ------------------------------------------------------
    1987      1.34      0.38      0.83      2.54
    1986      1.34      0.39      0.85      2.58
    1985      1.33      0.38      0.90      2.62
    1984      1.35      0.37      0.94      2.65
    1983      1.37      0.36      0.96      2.69
    1982      1.38      0.36      0.98      2.72
    1981      1.39      0.35      1.02      2.76
    1980      1.38      0.34      1.04      2.76

    1979      1.37      0.32      1.06      2.75
    1978      1.32      0.31      1.07      2.71
    1977      1.29      0.29      1.06      2.64
    1976      1.27      0.32      1.10      2.69
    1975      1.26      0.32      1.11      2.70
    1974      1.25      0.31      1.11      2.67
    1973      1.20      0.31      1.10      2.62
    1972      1.17      0.30      1.09      2.56
    1971      1.15      0.31      1.12      2.59
    1970      1.14      0.27      1.11      2.52

    1969      1.12      0.26      1.13      2.51
    1968      1.09      0.26      1.10      2.45
    1967      1.07      0.25      1.05      2.37
    1966      1.06      0.24      1.02      2.32
    1965      1.04      0.24      0.99      2.27
    1964      1.04      0.24      0.95      2.23
    1963      1.01      0.23      0.91      2.15
    1962      0.99      0.22      0.90      2.11
    1961      0.97      0.23      0.86      2.06
    1960      0.99      0.22      0.86      2.07

    1959      1.00      0.22      0.84      2.06
    1958      0.96      0.22      0.80      1.98
    1957      0.97      0.22      0.80      1.99
    1956      1.00      0.22      0.81      2.03
    1955      1.01      0.22      0.77      2.00
    1954      1.01      0.21      0.74      1.96
    1953      1.04      0.20      0.77      2.01
    1952      1.04      0.21      0.73      1.98
    1951      1.03      0.20      0.78      2.01
    1950      1.04      0.23      0.77      2.04

    1949      1.06      0.22      0.70      1.98
    1948      1.07      0.20      0.70      1.97
    1947      1.11      0.16      0.76      2.03
    1946      1.07      0.24      0.99      2.30
    1945      1.17      0.20      0.88      2.25
    1944      1.13      0.18      0.76      2.07
    1943      1.00      0.17      0.66      1.83
    1942      0.90      0.22      0.85      1.97
    1941      0.81      0.18      0.71      1.70
    1940      0.73      0.16      0.67      1.56

    1939      0.75      0.14      0.62      1.51
    1938      0.75      0.13      0.59      1.47
    1937      0.82      0.13      0.64      1.59
    1936      0.79      0.12      0.59      1.50
    1935      0.68      0.09      0.43      1.20
    1934      0.61      0.07      0.29      0.91

 (PROHIBITION)

    1916-19   1.08      0.12      0.76      1.96
    1911-15   1.48      0.14      0.94      2.56
    1906-10   1.47      0.17      0.96      2.60
    1901-05   1.31      0.13      0.95      2.39
    1896-1900 1.19      0.10      0.77      2.06
    1891-95   1.17      0.11      0.95      2.23
    1881-90   0.90      0.14      0.95      1.99
    1871-80   0.56      0.14      1.02      1.72
    1870      0.44      0.10      1.53      2.07
    1860      0.27      0.10      2.16      2.53
    1850      0.14      0.03      1.88      2.05
 -------------------------------------------------------
 Sources: Alcohol Epidemiologic Data System.  Brooks, S.D., Williams, G.E.,
          Stinson, F.S., and Noble J.,  SURVEILLANCE REPORT #13:  APPARENT
          PER CAPITA CONSUMPTION:  NATIONAL, STATE AND REGIONAL TRENDS,
          1977-1987.  Rockville, MD:  National Institute on Alcohol Abuse
          and Alcoholism, Division of Biometry and Epidemiology (September
          1989).

          Data updated from:  Hyman, M., Zimmerman, M., Gurioli, C., and
          Helrich, A.  DRINKERS, DRINKING AND ALCOHOL--RELATED MORTALITY
          AND HOSPITALIZATIONS:  A STATISTICAL COMPENDIUM.  (1980 edition).

 (Entered: 12/88 -- Revised 10/89)

 Apparent Per Capita Ethanol Consumption - Individual States,'77-87
 (Gallons of ethanol, based on population age 14 and older)

 ------------------------------------------------------
   Year      Beer      Wine     Spirits    Total
 ------------------------------------------------------
 Alabama
   1987      1.10      0.18      0.61      1.89
   1986      1.09      0.18      0.64      1.91
   1985      1.06      0.17      0.67      1.90
   1984      1.02      0.19      0.69      1.90
   1983      1.01      0.17      0.71      1.89
   1982      1.00      0.18      0.72      1.89
   1981      1.00      0.19      0.73      1.92
   1980      0.96      0.16      0.74      1.86
   1979      0.98      0.12      0.84      1.94
   1978      0.98      0.12      0.88      1.97
   1977      0.99      0.13      0.84      1.96

 Alaska
   1987      1.64      0.54      1.30      3.48
   1986      1.68      0.56      1.28      3.52
   1985      1.68      0.58      1.53      3.78
   1984      1.73      0.58      1.56      3.86
   1983      1.76      0.61      1.70      4.06
   1982      1.75      0.56      1.74      4.05
   1981      1.71      0.57      1.82      4.10
   1980      1.55      0.50      1.70      3.76
   1979      1.50      0.47      1.65      3.62
   1978      1.39      0.45      1.68      3.52
   1977      1.19      0.42      1.70      3.31

 Arizona
   1987      1.67      0.46      0.86      2.99
   1986      1.77      0.46      0.92      3.15
   1985      1.67      0.46      1.00      3.12
   1984      1.57      0.45      1.06      3.08
   1983      1.62      0.44      1.00      3.06
   1982      1.74      0.40      0.99      3.13
   1981      1.78      0.42      1.01      3.22
   1980      1.69      0.36      0.98      3.03
   1979      1.86      0.39      1.17      3.42
   1978      1.77      0.37      1.10      3.25
   1977      1.70      0.34      1.05      3.10

 Arkansas
   1987      1.08      0.11      0.53      1.72
   1986      1.06      0.09      0.48      1.64
   1985      1.03      0.13      0.58      1.75
   1984      1.02      0.12      0.64      1.78
   1983      1.03      0.13      0.63      1.78
   1982      1.03      0.12      0.63      1.78
   1981      1.06      0.12      0.68      1.87
   1980      1.00      0.12      0.69      1.81
   1979      0.93      0.10      0.57      1.60
   1978      0.97      0.11      0.73      1.82
   1977      0.92      0.10      0.63      1.65

 California
   1987      1.36      0.74      0.94      3.04
   1986      1.36      0.79      0.97      3.12
   1985      1.32      0.78      1.02      3.12
   1984      1.38      0.74      1.07      3.19
   1983      1.37      0.75      1.11      3.23
   1982      1.37      0.72      1.14      3.23
   1981      1.43      0.72      1.21      3.36
   1980      1.42      0.71      1.25      3.38
   1979      1.42      0.70      1.28      3.40
   1978      1.36      0.68      1.32      3.36
   1977      1.31      0.67      1.28      3.25

 Colorado
   1987      1.43      0.44      0.93      2.80
   1986      1.47      0.46      0.94      2.88
   1985      1.47      0.50      1.18      3.15
   1984      1.51      0.46      1.12      3.09
   1983      1.57      0.46      1.12      3.15
   1982      1.64      0.46      1.18      3.28
   1981      1.63      0.44      1.26      3.33
   1980      1.57      0.47      1.31      3.35
   1979      1.68      0.47      1.37      3.52
   1978      1.64      0.47      1.43      3.54
   1977      1.43      0.36      1.22      3.01

 Connecticut
   1987      1.15      0.52      1.13      2.80
   1986      1.13      0.51      1.16      2.80
   1985      1.14      0.50      1.20      2.84
   1984      1.10      0.50      1.20      2.80
   1983      1.10      0.49      1.23      2.82
   1982      1.04      0.49      1.20      2.73
   1981      1.05      0.44      1.18      2.67
   1980      1.06      0.43      1.21      2.70
   1979      1.13      0.40      1.20      2.72
   1978      1.07      0.38      1.20      2.65
   1977      1.05      0.35      1.21      2.61

 Delaware
   1987      1.44      0.42      1.22      3.08
   1986      1.45      0.44      1.24      3.13
   1985      1.46      0.41      1.30      3.16
   1984      1.51      0.38      1.28      3.17
   1983      1.53      0.35      1.34      3.22
   1982      1.53      0.34      1.36      3.23
   1981      1.51      0.32      1.39      3.23
   1980      1.45      0.29      1.38      3.12
   1979      1.38      0.27      1.34      2.99
   1978      1.33      0.25      1.33      2.91
   1977      1.32      0.24      1.35      2.91

 District of Columbia
   1987      1.48      1.00      2.39      4.87
   1986      1.52      1.04      2.21      4.77
   1985      1.49      1.03      2.42      4.94
   1984      1.56      1.11      2.68      5.34
   1983      1.55      1.08      2.79      5.41
   1982      1.48      1.00      2.91      5.39
   1981      1.50      1.06      2.92      5.49
   1980      1.49      0.99      2.94      5.42
   1979      1.48      0.99      3.03      5.49
   1978      1.43      0.94      3.14      5.51
   1977      1.39      0.89      3.26      5.53

 Florida
   1987      1.51      0.42      1.04      2.96
   1986      1.50      0.41      1.06      2.97
   1985      1.47      0.41      1.16      3.04
   1984      1.48      0.40      1.24      3.12
   1983      1.56      0.40      1.23      3.19
   1982      1.56      0.40      1.33      3.29
   1981      1.55      0.39      1.38      3.31
   1980      1.42      0.37      1.43      3.22
   1979      1.47      0.37      1.51      3.34
   1978      1.41      0.34      1.48      3.23
   1977      1.33      0.33      1.47      3.13

 Georgia
   1987      1.22      0.27      1.01      2.50
   1986      1.22      0.27      0.96      2.44
   1985      1.17      0.25      1.01      2.43
   1984      1.18      0.23      1.06      2.48
   1983      1.14      0.22      1.05      2.42
   1982      1.12      0.21      1.04      2.37
   1981      1.10      0.18      1.09      2.38
   1980      1.07      0.19      1.09      2.35
   1979      1.17      0.19      1.22      2.58
   1978      1.14      0.19      1.26      2.59
   1977      1.08      0.16      1.23      2.47

 Hawaii
   1987      1.57      0.40      0.77      2.74
   1986      1.60      0.44      0.86      2.89
   1985      1.59      0.41      0.88      2.88
   1984      1.65      0.41      0.91      2.97
   1983      1.57      0.44      1.12      3.13
   1982      1.80      0.48      1.14      3.42
   1981      1.74      0.44      1.16      3.34
   1980      1.65      0.46      1.21      3.31
   1979      1.60      0.44      1.28      3.32
   1978      1.38      0.46      1.30      3.15
   1977      1.61      0.36      1.26      3.23

 Idaho
   1987      1.31      0.38      0.58      2.27
   1986      1.34      0.38      0.61      2.33
   1985      1.35      0.36      0.71      2.42
   1984      1.40      0.31      0.72      2.43
   1983      1.44      0.30      0.76      2.51
   1982      1.47      0.31      0.81      2.58
   1981      1.54      0.33      0.83      2.70
   1980      1.53      0.30      0.77      2.60
   1979      1.55      0.27      0.84      2.65
   1978      1.50      0.26      0.80      2.56
   1977      1.50      0.22      0.79      2.52

 Illinois
   1987      1.41      0.39      0.87      2.67
   1986      1.40      0.39      0.90      2.68
   1985      1.38      0.37      0.98      2.72
   1984      1.40      0.37      1.01      2.77
   1983      1.42      0.35      1.03      2.80
   1982      1.41      0.35      1.06      2.83
   1981      1.43      0.35      1.12      2.91
   1980      1.43      0.33      1.24      3.00
   1979      1.45      0.33      1.17      2.94
   1978      1.38      0.31      1.19      2.88
   1977      1.35      0.30      1.22      2.87

 Indiana
   1987      1.31      0.38      0.58      2.27
   1986      1.25      0.23      0.67      2.15
   1985      1.25      0.22      0.72      2.19
   1984      1.26      0.21      0.72      2.19
   1983      1.27      0.19      0.73      2.19
   1982      1.29      0.18      0.76      2.23
   1981      1.29      0.18      0.78      2.25
   1980      1.26      0.17      0.77      2.21
   1979      1.23      0.15      0.79      2.18
   1978      1.19      0.16      0.79      2.14
   1977      1.14      0.14      0.77      2.05

 Iowa
   1987      1.30      0.21      0.58      2.09
   1986      1.32      0.19      0.53      2.05
   1985      1.31      0.14      0.57      2.02
   1984      1.36      0.12      0.61      2.09
   1983      1.38      0.13      0.64      2.15
   1982      1.39      0.13      0.65      2.17
   1981      1.44      0.13      0.69      2.27
   1980      1.41      0.13      0.71      2.25
   1979      1.40      0.11      0.71      2.22
   1978      1.38      0.11      0.74      2.22
   1977      1.33      0.10      0.74      2.17

 Kansas
   1987      1.12      0.16      0.56      1.84
   1986      1.12      0.17      0.60      1.89
   1985      1.17      0.15      0.64      1.96
   1984      1.18      0.14      0.63      1.95
   1983      1.20      0.13      0.64      1.96
   1982      1.22      0.13      0.67      2.02
   1981      1.23      0.12      0.70      2.05
   1980      1.23      0.11      0.62      1.96
   1979      1.17      0.11      0.73      2.01
   1978      1.14      0.12      0.64      1.89
   1977      1.13      0.10      0.65      1.88

 Kentucky
   1987      1.03      0.14      0.60      1.77
   1986      1.09      0.13      0.62      1.85
   1985      1.07      0.13      0.66      1.86
   1984      1.05      0.12      0.68      1.85
   1983      1.13      0.12      0.69      1.94
   1982      1.14      0.12      0.73      1.99
   1981      1.13      0.10      0.75      1.99
   1980      1.08      0.10      0.73      1.91
   1979      1.10      0.09      0.77      1.97
   1978      1.07      0.09      0.77      1.93
   1977      1.19      0.09      0.75      2.03

 Louisiana
   1987      1.36      0.24      0.75      2.35
   1986      1.39      0.26      0.78      2.43
   1985      1.35      0.27      0.86      2.49
   1984      1.40      0.29      0.94      2.63
   1983      1.43      0.30      1.02      2.75
   1982      1.49      0.30      1.00      2.78
   1981      1.48      0.27      1.02      2.77
   1980      1.41      0.27      1.04      2.71
   1979      1.36      0.26      1.08      2.70
   1978      1.35      0.25      1.07      2.67
   1977      1.30      0.25      1.03      2.57

 Maine
   1987      1.26      0.38      0.91      2.55
   1986      1.28      0.36      0.92      2.56
   1985      1.29      0.33      0.94      2.56
   1984      1.25      0.31      1.01      2.57
   1983      1.32      0.29      1.03      2.63
   1982      1.30      0.30      1.02      2.63
   1981      1.24      0.28      1.05      2.57
   1980      1.32      0.29      1.06      2.67
   1979      1.30      0.27      1.08      2.65
   1978      1.31      0.27      1.05      2.62
   1977      1.37      0.23      1.04      2.64

 Maryland
   1987      1.29      0.38      1.07      2.74
   1986      1.29      0.39      1.09      2.76
   1985      1.31      0.36      1.14      2.81
   1984      1.31      0.36      1.17      2.84
   1983      1.34      0.35      1.20      2.89
   1982      1.27      0.32      1.17      2.77
   1981      1.39      0.34      1.33      3.06
   1980      1.42      0.33      1.35      3.09
   1979      1.43      0.31      1.39      3.14
   1978      1.41      0.31      1.38      3.09
   1977      1.37      0.30      1.39      3.05

 Massachusetts
   1987      1.29      0.51      1.13      2.93
   1986      1.31      0.53      1.13      2.97
   1985      1.30      0.51      1.21      3.01
   1984      1.30      0.51      1.24      3.04
   1983      1.36      0.50      1.21      3.07
   1982      1.35      0.49      1.22      3.07
   1981      1.44      0.49      1.24      3.17
   1980      1.47      0.45      1.27      3.19
   1979      1.39      0.42      1.23      3.04
   1978      1.37      0.40      1.25      3.02
   1977      1.34      0.37      1.24      2.95

 Michigan
   1987      1.32      0.33      0.86      2.51
   1986      1.33      0.33      0.91      2.57
   1985      1.30      0.32      0.95      2.58
   1984      1.32      0.31      0.97      2.60
   1983      1.35      0.28      0.97      2.60
   1982      1.35      0.39      0.98      2.72
   1981      1.34      0.29      1.00      2.63
   1980      1.34      0.28      1.03      2.65
   1979      1.37      0.25      1.03      2.65
   1978      1.43      0.25      1.05      2.74
   1977      1.45      0.24      1.02      2.71

 Minnesota
   1987      1.31      0.32      0.94      2.57
   1986      1.30      0.33      0.93      2.56
   1985      1.31      0.31      1.06      2.68
   1984      1.34      0.28      1.07      2.68
   1983      1.37      0.27      1.10      2.74
   1982      1.36      0.27      1.11      2.75
   1981      1.39      0.27      1.18      2.83
   1980      1.40      0.26      1.20      2.85
   1979      1.35      0.24      1.16      2.75
   1978      1.31      0.23      1.15      2.69
   1977      1.30      0.20      1.15      2.65

 Mississippi
   1987      1.26      0.09      0.66      2.01
   1986      1.26      0.10      0.69      2.05
   1985      1.21      0.10      0.73      2.04
   1984      1.19      0.11      0.77      2.06
   1983      1.19      0.11      0.79      2.09
   1982      1.19      0.11      0.82      2.11
   1981      1.19      0.11      0.84      2.14
   1980      1.13      0.10      0.86      2.09
   1979      1.15      0.10      0.84      2.09
   1978      1.16      0.10      0.91      2.18
   1977      1.08      0.11      0.86      2.05

 Missouri
   1987      1.36      0.27      0.72      2.35
   1986      1.36      0.28      0.73      2.37
   1985      1.33      0.26      0.76      2.36
   1984      1.34      0.25      0.68      2.27
   1983      1.37      0.22      0.78      2.37
   1982      1.38      0.21      0.79      2.38
   1981      1.40      0.21      0.83      2.45
   1980      1.39      0.20      0.84      2.44
   1979      1.37      0.20      0.86      2.43
   1978      1.31      0.20      0.89      2.40
   1977      1.23      0.19      0.83      2.25

 Montana
   1987      1.57      0.33      0.77      2.67
   1986      1.58      0.34      0.82      2.74
   1985      1.60      0.33      0.88      2.81
   1984      1.70      0.32      0.93      2.95
   1983      1.79      0.32      0.99      3.09
   1982      1.82      0.32      1.02      3.17
   1981      1.90      0.33      1.05      3.28
   1980      1.82      0.35      1.04      3.21
   1979      1.83      0.41      1.05      3.29
   1978      1.82      0.20      1.07      3.10
   1977      1.83      0.20      1.10      3.12

 Nebraska
   1987      1.40      0.22      0.66      2.28
   1986      1.38      0.23      0.68      2.28
   1985      1.40      0.22      0.75      2.37
   1984      1.44      0.20      0.76      2.41
   1983      1.49      0.21      0.79      2.49
   1982      1.50      0.28      0.58      2.37
   1981      1.57      0.20      0.88      2.66
   1980      1.56      0.19      0.89      2.64
   1979      1.50      0.18      0.88      2.57
   1978      1.47      0.18      0.89      2.54
   1977      1.45      0.17      0.91      2.53

 Nevada
   1987      2.05      0.84      2.11      5.00
   1986      2.07      0.88      2.12      5.07
   1985      1.96      0.84      2.18      4.99
   1984      2.01      0.82      2.36      5.19
   1983      1.98      0.79      2.45      5.22
   1982      1.99      0.77      2.50      5.25
   1981      2.08      0.80      2.71      5.59
   1980      2.09      0.79      2.94      5.82
   1979      2.28      0.88      3.28      6.44
   1978      2.20      0.85      3.65      6.69
   1977      2.15      0.83      3.85      6.84

 New Hampshire
   1987      1.93      0.50      1.99      4.42
   1986      1.93      0.52      2.07      4.52
   1985      1.99      0.53      2.21      4.73
   1984      1.99      0.59      2.33      4.91
   1983      2.17      0.56      2.35      5.08
   1982      1.89      0.58      2.34      4.81
   1981      1.89      0.59      2.44      4.92
   1980      2.21      0.69      2.86      5.76
   1979      1.98      0.62      2.61      5.20
   1978      1.99      0.54      2.94      5.46
   1977      1.89      0.50      2.93      5.32

 New Jersey
   1987      1.18      0.54      1.01      2.73
   1986      1.18      0.56      1.04      2.78
   1985      1.18      0.55      1.08      2.81
   1984      1.19      0.55      1.10      2.83
   1983      1.21      0.52      1.13      2.86
   1982      1.22      0.52      1.13      2.87
   1981      1.22      0.51      1.15      2.87
   1980      1.23      0.47      1.13      2.83
   1979      1.18      0.43      1.10      2.71
   1978      1.17      0.42      1.10      2.69
   1977      1.16      0.40      1.13      2.69

 New Mexico
   1987      1.63      0.35      0.67      2.64
   1986      1.64      0.35      0.71      2.70
   1985      1.70      0.36      0.77      2.83
   1984      1.71      0.28      0.76      2.75
   1983      1.72      0.31      0.98      3.00
   1982      1.72      0.34      0.94      3.00
   1981      1.74      0.32      0.95      3.01
   1980      1.66      0.32      1.00      2.99
   1979      1.71      0.30      1.01      3.02
   1978      1.68      0.32      0.98      2.99
   1977      1.65      0.32      0.96      2.93

 New York
   1987      1.15      0.48      0.91      2.54
   1986      1.13      0.50      0.93      2.55
   1985      1.14      0.49      0.98      2.62
   1984      1.15      0.49      1.03      2.67
   1983      1.23      0.49      1.05      2.77
   1982      1.26      0.48      1.10      2.84
   1981      1.25      0.46      1.12      2.83
   1980      1.28      0.46      1.18      2.91
   1979      1.21      0.44      1.17      2.82
   1978      1.18      0.42      1.17      2.77
   1977      1.18      0.38      1.17      2.74

 North Carolina
   1987      1.11      0.28      0.72      2.11
   1986      1.12      0.30      0.74      2.16
   1985      1.09      0.27      0.76      2.13
   1984      1.11      0.24      0.78      2.13
   1983      1.10      0.22      0.80      2.12
   1982      1.07      0.21      0.85      2.13
   1981      1.10      0.21      0.86      2.17
   1980      1.11      0.20      0.86      2.17
   1979      1.08      0.22      0.88      2.18
   1978      1.06      0.20      0.86      2.12
   1977      1.01      0.20      0.84      2.05

 North Dakota
   1987      1.34      0.20      0.88      2.42
   1986      1.32      0.22      0.86      2.40
   1985      1.33      0.19      0.96      2.48
   1984      1.40      0.17      0.98      2.55
   1983      1.48      0.17      1.05      2.71
   1982      1.52      0.18      1.09      2.79
   1981      1.53      0.18      1.14      2.85
   1980      1.53      0.17      1.14      2.83
   1979      1.45      0.16      1.10      2.71
   1978      1.45      0.16      1.15      2.76
   1977      1.35      0.15      1.12      2.62

 Ohio
   1987      1.35      0.24      0.59      2.18
   1986      1.32      0.25      0.61      2.18
   1985      1.37      0.25      0.59      2.20
   1984      1.41      0.25      0.61      2.26
   1983      1.36      0.22      0.65      2.22
   1982      1.40      0.22      0.66      2.28
   1981      1.35      0.22      0.68      2.25
   1980      1.39      0.22      0.72      2.33
   1979      1.36      0.20      0.71      2.26
   1978      1.19      0.20      0.70      2.09
   1977      1.17      0.18      0.70      2.04

 Oklahoma
   1987      1.04      0.15      0.57      1.76
   1986      1.04      0.15      0.61      1.81
   1985      1.04      0.15      0.68      1.87
   1984      1.01      0.16      0.74      1.91
   1983      1.05      0.16      0.77      1.98
   1982      1.17      0.16      0.83      2.17
   1981      1.14      0.16      0.83      2.13
   1980      1.08      0.16      0.71      1.95
   1979      1.05      0.13      0.80      1.98
   1978      1.08      0.14      0.82      2.04
   1977      1.07      0.14      0.78      1.98

 Oregon
   1987      1.26      0.53      0.72      2.51
   1986      1.26      0.54      0.74      2.54
   1985      1.25      0.55      0.77      2.57
   1984      1.28      0.53      0.82      2.63
   1983      1.31      0.53      0.85      2.69
   1982      1.33      0.53      0.88      2.74
   1981      1.38      0.50      0.92      2.80
   1980      1.37      0.51      0.94      2.82
   1979      1.39      0.47      0.96      2.82
   1978      1.34      0.47      0.98      2.79
   1977      1.33      0.46      0.96      2.74

 Pennsylvania
   1987      1.38      0.20      0.62      2.20
   1986      1.38      0.21      0.64      2.23
   1985      1.37      0.21      0.65      2.22
   1984      1.37      0.21      0.66      2.25
   1983      1.41      0.22      0.67      2.29
   1982      1.44      0.23      0.70      2.36
   1981      1.42      0.23      0.72      2.37
   1980      1.45      0.22      0.71      2.39
   1979      1.42      0.22      0.73      2.37
   1978      1.36      0.21      0.74      2.32
   1977      1.35      0.20      0.74      2.29

 Rhode Island
   1987      1.40      0.51      0.95      2.86
   1986      1.41      0.53      0.94      2.87
   1985      1.40      0.51      1.03      2.94
   1984      1.37      0.52      1.03      2.92
   1983      1.48      0.50      1.06      3.04
   1982      1.34      0.55      1.04      2.93
   1981      1.36      0.52      1.04      2.92
   1980      1.46      0.53      1.14      3.14
   1979      1.46      0.50      1.11      3.07
   1978      1.41      0.50      1.16      3.07
   1977      1.39      0.43      1.12      2.93

 South Carolina
   1987      1.34      0.27      0.89      2.50
   1986      1.30      0.27      0.93      2.50
   1985      1.26      0.25      0.99      2.49
   1984      1.26      0.24      1.00      2.50
   1983      1.26      0.20      1.01      2.47
   1982      1.24      0.20      1.00      2.44
   1981      1.25      0.19      1.05      2.49
   1980      1.22      0.18      1.06      2.46
   1979      1.25      0.17      1.18      2.60
   1978      1.20      0.17      1.21      2.59
   1977      1.17      0.17      1.14      2.49

 South Dakota
   1987      1.24      0.19      0.79      2.22
   1986      1.22      0.19      0.82      2.24
   1985      1.22      0.18      0.94      2.34
   1984      1.27      0.17      0.89      2.33
   1983      1.30      0.17      0.95      2.43
   1982      1.29      0.18      0.98      2.45
   1981      1.32      0.19      1.05      2.56
   1980      1.30      0.18      1.07      2.56
   1979      1.23      0.17      1.04      2.44
   1978      1.19      0.17      1.05      2.42
   1977      1.15      0.17      1.06      2.38

 Tennessee
   1987      1.17      0.15      0.62      1.94
   1986      1.17      0.16      0.63      1.96
   1985      1.11      0.16      0.67      1.94
   1984      1.11      0.15      0.70      1.95
   1983      1.10      0.14      0.69      1.93
   1982      1.13      0.14      0.70      1.96
   1981      1.14      0.13      0.72      1.98
   1980      1.10      0.12      0.69      1.92
   1979      1.14      0.11      0.73      1.98
   1978      1.16      0.11      0.72      1.99
   1977      1.10      0.10      0.71      1.91

 Texas
   1987      1.61      0.29      0.61      2.52
   1986      1.67      0.31      0.66      2.63
   1985      1.68      0.30      0.73      2.70
   1984      1.74      0.28      0.79      2.82
   1983      1.73      0.27      0.79      2.79
   1982      1.83      0.18      0.84      2.85
   1981      1.84      0.24      0.85      2.93
   1980      1.77      0.22      0.81      2.80
   1979      1.76      0.14      0.87      2.77
   1978      1.70      0.14      0.84      2.68
   1977      1.63      0.14      0.81      2.58

 Utah
   1987      0.84      0.15      0.50      1.49
   1986      0.89      0.17      0.53      1.58
   1985      0.90      0.15      0.53      1.58
   1984      0.88      0.14      0.52      1.53
   1983      0.88      0.14      0.50      1.52
   1982      1.01      0.15      0.55      1.71
   1981      1.01      0.14      0.58      1.74
   1980      0.96      0.14      0.60      1.71
   1979      0.97      0.16      0.62      1.75
   1978      0.96      0.15      0.61      1.72
   1977      0.97      0.14      0.59      1.70

 Vermont
   1987      1.56      0.58      0.99      3.13
   1986      1.55      0.59      1.05      3.18
   1985      1.49      0.55      1.09      3.13
   1984      1.48      0.49      1.15      3.12
   1983      1.52      0.50      1.19      3.21
   1982      1.49      0.50      1.25      3.24
   1981      1.49      0.50      1.33      3.32
   1980      1.43      0.48      1.39      3.30
   1979      1.57      0.47      1.50      3.54
   1978      1.53      0.47      1.59      3.59
   1977      1.42      0.44      1.58      3.44

 Virginia
   1987      1.40      0.26      0.71      2.37
   1986      1.52      0.27      0.74      2.53
   1985      1.46      0.30      0.79      2.55
   1984      1.46      0.29      0.80      2.55
   1983      1.47      0.27      0.82      2.57
   1982      1.45      0.27      0.86      2.59
   1981      1.23      0.27      0.89      2.39
   1980      1.23      0.25      0.90      2.39
   1979      1.23      0.25      0.92      2.40
   1978      1.22      0.21      0.90      2.33
   1977      1.19      0.21      0.90      2.30

 Washington
   1987      1.23      0.56      0.80      2.59
   1986      1.23      0.61      0.82      2.66
   1985      1.22      0.59      0.87      2.68
   1984      1.24      0.57      0.91      2.71
   1983      1.29      0.54      0.94      2.76
   1982      1.33      0.53      0.99      2.85
   1981      1.38      0.54      1.05      2.97
   1980      1.52      0.52      1.08      3.12
   1979      1.41      0.48      1.10      2.99
   1978      1.39      0.48      1.09      2.96
   1977      1.36      0.45      1.07      2.89

 West Virginia
   1987      1.11      0.13      0.41      1.65
   1986      1.10      0.13      0.42      1.84
   1985      1.11      0.13      0.42      1.66
   1984      1.12      0.12      0.44      1.68
   1983      1.13      0.13      0.48      1.74
   1982      1.11      0.14      0.55      1.80
   1981      1.06      0.14      0.66      1.85
   1980      1.00      0.09      0.72      1.82
   1979      0.97      0.09      0.77      1.83
   1978      0.96      0.09      0.79      1.84
   1977      0.98      0.09      0.78      1.85

 Wisconsin
   1987      1.78      0.36      0.98      3.12
   1986      1.87      0.34      0.96      3.16
   1985      1.82      0.32      1.05      3.19
   1984      1.86      0.30      1.03      3.19
   1983      1.93      0.33      1.07      3.33
   1982      1.93      0.30      1.04      3.27
   1981      1.95      0.31      1.20      3.47
   1980      1.96      0.31      1.20      3.46
   1979      1.88      0.28      1.17      3.33
   1978      1.80      0.28      1.18      3.25
   1977      1.78      0.27      1.26      3.31

 Wyoming
   1987      1.46      0.24      0.87      2.57
   1986      1.46      0.26      0.93      2.64
   1985      1.56      0.25      1.03      2.84
   1984      1.58      0.22      1.05      2.86
   1983      1.66      0.22      1.09      2.98
   1982      1.80      0.24      1.21      3.25
   1981      1.91      0.24      1.27      3.42
   1980      1.85      0.24      1.32      3.42
   1979      1.86      0.22      1.30      3.38
   1978      1.82      0.22      1.36      3.41
   1977      1.79      0.21      1.32      3.31
 ------------------------------------------------------
 Source: Alcohol Epidemiologic Data System.  Brooks, S.D., Williams, G.E.,
         Stinson, F.S., and Noble, J.,  SURVEILLANCE REPORT #13:  APPARENT
         PER CAPITA CONSUMPTION:  NATIONAL, STATE AND REGIONAL TRENDS,
         1977-1987.  Rockville, MD:  National Institute on Alcohol Abuse
         and Alcoholism, Division of Biometry and Epidemiology (September
         1989).

 (Entered: 12/88  --  Revised 10/89)

 Int'l Apparent Per Capita Consumption-All Alcohol Beverages,'83-85
 (In liters of absolute ethanol, based on total population)

 --------------------------------------------------------------------------
 Country                            1983           1984           1985
 --------------------------------------------------------------------------
 France                             14.0           13.5           13.3
 Portugal                           13.4           12.8           13.1
 Luxembourg                         12.6           13.6           13.0
 Spain                              12.8           11.5           11.8
 Italy                              12.3           12.1           11.6

 Hungary                            11.3           11.7           11.5
 Switzerland                        11.1           11.1           11.2
 West Germany                       11.0           10.7           10.8
 Belgium                            10.8           10.6           10.5
 East Germany                       10.5           10.2           10.3

 Austria                            10.2           10.0            9.9
 Denmark                            10.4            9.9            9.9
 Australia                           9.4            9.3            9.4
 New Zealand                         8.9            9.3            9.2
 Czechoslavakia                      9.6            9.5            9.1

 Argentina                          10.0            9.5            8.7
 Bulgaria                            8.8            8.7            8.7
 Netherlands                         8.9            8.6            8.5
 USA                                 8.1            8.0            8.0
 Canada                              8.1            8.0             na

 Yugoslavia                          8.0            7.7            7.7
 Rumania                             7.7             na             na
 United Kingdom                      6.9            6.9            7.1
 Poland                              6.4            6.5            7.0
 Greece *                            6.7            6.8            6.8

 Finland                             6.4            6.5            6.5
 Ireland                             6.1            6.2            6.2
 USSR                                6.1            6.6            5.7
 Japan                               5.8            5.8            5.7
 Cyprus                              5.6            5.7            5.6

 Chile *                             5.4            5.5            5.6
 Sweden                              5.2            5.2            5.2
 South Africa                        4.3            4.5            4.3
 Norway                              3.8            4.0            4.2
 Uruguay *                           4.1            3.9            4.2

 Iceland                             4.1            4.1            4.0
 Venezuela *                         3.6            3.6            3.1
 Colombia **                         2.6            2.5            2.8
 Paraguay *                          1.8            1.9            1.9
 Mexico *                            1.7            1.7            1.8

 Peru *                              1.5            1.4            1.6
 Brazil *                            1.4            1.4            1.4
 Turkey                              1.2            1.1            1.0
 Israel *                            1.0             na             na
 Tunisia *                           0.7            0.7            0.7

 Algeria *                           0.3            0.3            0.3
 Morocco *                           0.2             na             na
 Lebanon **                          0.1            0.1            0.2
 --------------------------------------------------------------------------
 na - Data not available.

 * Either no reliable or no complete statistical data on the consumption
   of distilled spirits were available for this country.

 ** Covers only consumption of beer.  No figures are known on the
    consumption of distilled spirits or wine.

 Note - When calculating the quantity in liters of absolute alcohol in
        beer, in the absence of precise data, an average of 5% alcohol
        content was used; wine was calculated with an average of 12%
        alcohol content.  Other alcoholic beverages, such as cider,
        sake, fruit wines, British wines, and wine coolers, were
        included in the calculation of the total alcohol consumption
        above, if consumption figures were known for them.

 Source - Hoeveel alcoholhoundende dranken worden er in de wereld
          gedrunken (How much alcoholic beverage is drunk worldwide)
          25th edition.  Schiedam, Netherlands: Produktschap voor
          gestilleerde dranken, 54 pp, 1986.

 (Entered: 9/87)

 Int'l Apparent Per Capita Consumption of Beer, 1983-85
 (In liters of beer, based on total population)

 --------------------------------------------------------------------------
 Country                            1983           1984           1985
 --------------------------------------------------------------------------
 West Germany                      148.6          144.4          145.5
 East Germany                      146.7          142.2          141.6
 Czechoslavakia                    147.8          140.1          130.8
 Denmark                           133.97         129.75         121.26
 Belgium                           128.0          126.3          121.0

 Luxembourg                        121.8          120.7      +/- 120.0
 Australia                         117.8          114.5          115.6
 New Zealand                       114.0          116.9          115.2
 Austria                           109.4          107.7          111.6
 United Kingdom                    110.5          110.1          108.9

 Ireland                           108.0          108.4          100
 Hungary                            88.8           87.1           92.4
 USA                                92.0           90.7           90.3
 Netherlands                        87.5           83.4           84.5
 Canada                             83.5           82.7             na

 Switzerland                        70.3           68.6           69.2
 Spain                              58.4           59.0           61.0
 Bulgaria                           61.2       +/- 60.0       +/- 60.0
 Venezuela                          71.1           70.2           59.5
 Finland                            54.64          56.65          59.02

 Colombia                           51.0           50.0           55.2
 Yugoslavia                         48.3           48.8       +/- 50
 Norway                             45.32          46.82          47.52
 Sweden                             44.7           44.5           46.8
 Rumania                            45.0             na             na

 Cyprus                             39.4           39.7           42.0
 South Africa                       38.1           40.8           40.3
 France                             43.7           41.2           40.1
 Portugal                           38.5           35.4           38.1
 Japan                              40.12          38.11          38

 Mexico                             34             33             38
 Paraguay                           31.7           32.6           34
 Greece                             29.0           31.2           33.9
 Peru                               29.0           27.5           30.0
 Poland                             27.5           26.6           29.5

 USSR                               24.3           24.1           24.0
 Brazil                             22.4           21.4           22.3
 Italy                              20.9           19.5           21.6
 Iceland                            16.2           17.1           17.0
 Uruguay                            10.9           10.5           16.4

 Chile                              15.1           15.0           16.0
 Israel                         +/- 11               na             na
 Argentina                          9.12       +/- 10         +/- 10
 Tunisia                            5.8             5.7            5.8
 Turkey                             6.8             5.4            4.0

 Lebanon                            2               2              4
 Algeria                            3.3             3.4            3.4
 Morocco                            1.6              na             na
 --------------------------------------------------------------------------
 na - Data not available.

 Note - Sales data were lacking for a number of consumption figures, which
        were then calculated from production figures for beer.

 Source - Hoeveel alcoholhoundende dranken worden er in de wereld
          gedrunken (How much alcoholic beverage is drunk worldwide)
          25th edition.  Schiedam, Netherlands: Produktschap voor
          gestilleerde dranken, 54 pp, 1986.

 (Entered: 9/87)

 Int'l Apparent Per Capita Consumption of Wine, 1983-85
 (In liters of wine, based on total population)

 --------------------------------------------------------------------------
 Country                            1983           1984           1985
 --------------------------------------------------------------------------
 Portugal                           89.1           84.2           87.0
 Italy                              91.4           90.5           84.8
 France                             85             82             80
 Argentina                          71.1           66.3           60.1
 Luxembourg                         53.6           62.5           57.3

 Switzerland                        48.3           49.9           49.6
 Spain                              57             48             48
 Greece                             44.1           43.9       +/- 42.5
 Chile                              39.1           39.7       +/- 40
 Austria                            37.4           36.4           34.3

 Rumania                        +/- 29               na             na
 Uruguay                            30             28             28
 Yugoslavia                         27.8           26.5       +/- 26.5
 West Germany                       26.5           25.7           25.6
 Hungary                            29.6           30.7           24.8

 Belgium                            21.7           22.9           22.7
 Bulgaria                           22.6       +/- 22.5       +/- 22.5
 Australia                          20.4           21.3           21.3
 Denmark                            18.86          18.86          20.71
 Czechoslavakia                     14.6           15.5           15.8

 Netherlands                        13.87          15.22          14.96
 New Zealand                        12.8           14.1           14.5
 Cyprus                             11.1           11.8           11.9
 Sweden                             10.80          11.61          11.70
 USSR                               12.9           14.5           11.6

 East Germany                       11.2           10.9           10.3
 South Africa                        9.56          10.00          10.02
 United Kingdom                      8.53           9.55           9.96
 Canada                              9.44           9.71            na
 USA                                 8.40           8.70           9.15

 Finland                             8.49           8.87           8.65
 Poland                              7.8            8.3            7.9
 Iceland                             7.70           7.86           7.25
 Norway                              4.01           4.39           5.12
 Israel                          +/- 4.0             na             na

 Ireland                             3.16           3.32           3.52
 Tunisia                             3.10           3.18           3.18
 Brazil                          +/- 2.5        +/- 2.5        +/- 2.5
 Paraguay                            1.9            1.9            1.9
 Morocco                             1.3             na             na

 Algeria                             0.9            1.2            1.2
 Turkey                              0.3            0.4            1.0
 Venezuela                           0.7            0.7            0.7
 Japan                               0.70           0.73           0.7
 Peru                                0.6            0.6            0.6
 Mexico                          +/- 0.2        +/- 0.2        +/- 0.2
 --------------------------------------------------------------------------
 na - Data not available.

 Note - Sales data were lacking for a number of consumption figures, which
        were then calculated from production figures for wine.

 Source - Hoeveel alcoholhoundende dranken worden er in de wereld
          gedrunken (How much alcoholic beverage is drunk worldwide)
          25th edition.  Schiedam, Netherlands: Produktschap voor
          gestilleerde dranken, 54 pp, 1986.

 (Entered: 9/87)

 Int'l Per Capita Consumption of Distilled Spirits, 1983-85
 (In liters of absolute ethanol, based on total population)

 --------------------------------------------------------------------------
 Country                            1983        1984        1985
 --------------------------------------------------------------------------
 Hungary                            4.80        5.10        5.40
 East Germany                       4.8         4.6         4.8
 Poland                             4.1         4.2         4.6
 Czechoslavakia                     3.32        3.28        3.36
 USSR                           +/- 3.3         3.7         3.1

 Bulgaria                           3.04    +/- 3.0     +/- 3.0
 Spain                          +/- 3           2.8     +/- 3
 Finland                            2.83        2.87        2.78
 USA                                2.86        2.81        2.72
 Canada                             2.81        2.67         na

 Luxembourg                     +/- 2.5     +/- 2.5     +/- 2.5
 Japan                              2.18        2.47        2.4
 West Germany                       2.44        2.32        2.37
 France                             2.38        2.22    +/- 2.3
 Iceland                            2.10        2.21        2.26

 Netherlands                        2.63        2.36        2.24
 Switzerland                        2.15        2.11        2.18
 Belgium                            2.17        1.91        2.12
 Cyprus                             2.3         2.3         2.1
 Sweden                             2.26        2.10        2.05

 Yugoslavia                         2.2         2.1     +/- 2
 Rumania                        +/- 2            na          na
 Ireland                            1.40        1.49        1.76
 United Kingdom                     1.63        1.61        1.72
 New Zealand                        1.67        1.75        1.71

 Denmark                            1.55        1.49        1.61
 Austria                            1.55        1.48        1.46
 Norway                             1.29        1.29        1.41
 Australia                          1.12        1.20        1.28
 Italy                              1.2     +/- 1.2     +/- 1.2

 South Africa                       1.20        1.24        1.11
 Argentina                          1.0     +/- 1.0     +/- 1.0
 Portugal                           0.8         0.8         0.8
 --------------------------------------------------------------------------
 na - Data not available.

 Source - Hoeveel alcoholhoundende dranken worden er in de wereld
          gedrunken (How much alcoholic beverage is drunk worldwide)
          25th edition.  Schiedam, Netherlands: Produktschap voor
          gestilleerde dranken, 54 pp, 1986.

 (Entered: 9/87)

 Apparent Total Alcohol Consumption for States and U.S., 1986
 (Volume and ethanol in thousands of gallons)

 --------------------------------------------------------------------------

               Beer               Wine             Spirits
 State   --------------     --------------    ----------------
          Vol.      Eth.     Vol.      Eth.      Vol.      Eth.       Total
 --------------------------------------------------------------------------

 AL     77,448     3,485     4,348      561     4,979     2,061       6,107
 AK     14,711       662     1,710      221     1,219       505       1,387
 AZ    101,449     4,565     9,153    1,181     5,704     2,362       8,108
 AR     44,257     1,992     1,342      173     2,189       906       3,071
 CA    649,059    29,208   130,573   16,844    50,068    20,728      66,780

 CO     84,790     3,816     9,328    1,203     5,904     2,444       7,463
 CT     65,933     2,967    10,448    1,348     7,366     3,049       7,364
 DE     16,448       740     1,756      227     1,534       635       1,602
 DC     17,444       785     4,182      540     2,762     1,143       2,468
 FL    322,199    14,499    31,139    4,017    24,812    10,272      28,788

 GA    129,793     5,841    10,001    1,290    11,066     4,581      11,712
 HI     29,782     1,340     2,838      366     1,737       719       2,425
 ID     22,526     1,014     2,234      288     1,119       463       1,765
 IL    285,335    12,840    27,536    3,552    20,063     8,306      24,698
 IN    121,355     5,461     7,810    1,007     7,094     2,937       9,405

 IA     66,732     3,003     3,435      443     2,933     1,214       4,660
 KS     48,815     2,197     2,509      324     2,809     1,163       3,683
 KY     71,702     3,227     3,090      399     4,449     1,842       5,467
 LA    106,708     4,802     6,828      881     6,514     2,697       8,380
 ME     26,942     1,212     2,646      341     2,094       867       2,421

 MD    103,547     4,660    10,868    1,402     9,520     3,941      10,003
 MA    140,923     6,342    19,747    2,547    13,184     5,458      14,347
 MI    214,912     9,671    18,836    2,430    15,987     6,619      18,720
 MN     97,041     4,367     8,718    1,125     7,519     3,113       8,604
 MS     56,419     2,539     1,522      196     3,338     1,382       4,117

 MO    123,056     5,538     8,703    1,123     7,129     2,951       9,611
 MT     22,417     1,009     1,676      216     1,256       520       1,745
 NE     38,822     1,747     2,215      286     2,066       855       2,888
 NV     35,782     1,610     5,298      683     3,986     1,650       3,944
 NH     35,596     1,602     3,353      433     4,164     1,724       3,758

 NJ    163,564     7,360    27,194    3,508    15,732     6,513      17,382
 NM     41,335     1,860     3,103      400     1,936       802       3,062
 NY    362,738    16,323    56,390    7,274    32,373    13,402      37,000
 NC    126,841     5,708    11,781    1,520     9,162     3,793      11,021
 ND     15,509       698       893      115     1,105       457       1,271

 OH    251,563    11,320    16,825    2,170    12,550     5,196      18,687
 OK     60,364     2,716     3,060      395     3,857     1,597       4,708
 OR     60,758     2,734     9,162    1,182     3,869     1,602       5,518
 PA    299,808    13,491    15,568    2,008    15,093     6,249      21,748
 RI     25,152     1,132     3,301      426     1,820       753       2,311

 SC     77,302     3,479     5,599      722     5,996     2,482       6,683
 SD     15,011       675       826      107     1,092       452       1,234
 TN    100,384     4,517     4,770      615     5,887     2,437       7,570
 TX    475,542    21,399    30,567    3,943    20,401     8,446      33,789
 UT     22,792     1,026     1,481      191     1,473       610       1,826

 VT     14,943       672     1,977      255     1,099       455       1,382
 VA    159,091     7,159     9,838    1,269     8,416     3,484      11,912
 WA     97,451     4,385    16,760    2,162     7,088     2,934       9,482
 WV     37,493     1,687     1,578      204     1,544       639       2,530
 WI    157,933     7,107    10,020    1,293     8,820     3,651      12,051
 WY     12,437       560       763       98       864       357       1,016

 U.S. Total
     5,749,953   258,748   585,299   75,503   394,738   163,422     497,673

 --------------------------------------------------------------------------
 Sources:Alcohol Epidemiologic Data System.  Steffens, R.A., Stinson, F.S.,
         Freel, C.G., and Clem, D.  SURVEILLANCE REPORT #10:  APPARENT
         PER CAPITA CONSUMPTION:  NATIONAL, STATE AND REGIONAL TRENDS,
         1977-1986.  Rockville, MD: National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and
         Alcoholism, Division of Biometry and Epidemiology (October 1988).

 (Entered: 12/88 -- Revised 4/89)

 Int'l Apparent Per Capita Consumption of Beer, 1985-87
 (in liters of beer based on total population)

 ---------------------------------------------------------------------
 Country                  1985               1986               1987
 ---------------------------------------------------------------------

 East Germany             141.6              142.1           ca.145.0
 West Germany             145.5              146.4              144.2
 Czechoslavakia           130.8              133.4              130.0
 New Zealand              115.2              120.8              121.7
 Belgium                  121.0              119.8              121.1

 Austria                  111.6              118.5              118.3
 Denmark                  121.26             125.78             118.05
 Luxembourg               120.4              119.3              116.5
 United Kingdom           108.9              108.1              110.5
 Australia                115.5              111.3              108.2

 Hungary                   92.4               99.4              100.2
 U.S.A.                    90.3               90.8               90.1
 Netherlands               84.5               86.0               84.3
 Canada                    81.6               81.1                n/a
 Ireland                   77.0               77.3           ca. 75

 Venezuela                 59.5               60.7               72.4
 Switzerland               69.2               69.4               69.3
 Finland                   61.7               65.4               68.1
 Bulgaria                  63.3               64.3               66.4
 Spain                     61.0               62.0               64.5

 Columbia                  52.3               54.7               56.3
 Sweden                    46.8               50.0               51.5
 Norway                    47.52              50.78              51.44
 Yugoslavia                45.9               50.1               51.0
 Cyprus                    42.0               44.1               46.6

 South Africa              38.8               41.8               46.4
 Rumania                   50                 48                 44
 Peru                      30.0               36.7               43.3
 Japan                     38                 40.38              43.16
 Portugal                  38.1               38.8               40

 France                    40.1               40.4               38.9
 Mexico                    32.7               35                 36.4
 Paraguay                  34                 25.7               34.2
 Brazil                    22.3               31.6               33.6
 Greece                    33.9               34.4               32.3

 Poland                    29.5               29.7               30.4
 Cuba                      25.6               28.7               29.0
 Italy                     21.6               19.5               25.6
 Uruguay                   17.7               20.3               20.8
 Chili                     16.2               16.6               20.7

 Argentina                 13.02              17.57              18.54
 U.S.S.R.                  24                 17.8               18.2
 Iceland                   17.0               15.8               16.0
 Turkey                     4.0                3.8                4.0
 Tunisia                    5.8                4.6                3.6

 Algeria                    3.4                2.7                3.2
 Morocco                    1.6                1.8                2.1
 ---------------------------------------------------------------------
 na - Data not available

 Note:  Sales data were lacking for a number of consumption figures,
        which were then calculated from production figures for beer.

 Source:  Hoeveel alcoholhoude dranken worden er in de wereld
          gedronken?  (How many alcoholic beverages are being consumed
          throughout the world?) 27th edition.  Schiedam, Netherlands:
          Produktschap voor gedistilleerde dranken, 1987.

 (Entered:  11/89)

 Int'l Per Capita Consumption of Wine, 1985-87
 (in liters of wine based on total population)

 -------------------------------------------------------------------
 Country               1985               1986               1987
 -------------------------------------------------------------------
 Italy                  84.8              73.3               79.0
 France                 79.7              76.4               75.1
 Portugal               87.0              70.8               64.3
 Luxembourg             57.3              55.4               58.5
 Argentina              60.1              59.2               58.1

 Spain                  48                47                 54
 Switzerland            49.6              48.6               49.5
 Chili                  40                35                 35
 Austria                34.3              32.8               32.1
 Greece                 37.3              23.7               31.8

 Rumania            ca. 28            ca. 28             ca. 28
 West Germany           25.6              23.3               25.8
 Uruguay                24.3              22.0               25.7
 Yugoslavia             17.4              27.5           ca. 25
 Belgium                22.7              21.7               23.0

 Bulgaria               20.2              22.1               22.5
 Hungary                24.8              23.2               21.5
 Australia              21.6              20.6               21.5
 Denmark                20.71             19.82              20.63
 New Zealand            14.3              16.2               15.3

 Netherlands            14.96             14.9               14.61
 Czechoslavakia         16.0              12.3               13.7
 Cyprus                 11.9              11.8               13.2
 Sweden                 11.7              11.96              11.83
 United Kingdom          9.96             10.40              11.03

 East Germany           10.3              10.9           ca. 10
 Canada                 10.01              9.85                 na
 U.S.A.                  9.15              9.16               9.05
 South Africa            9.7               9.3                9.0
 Poland                  7.9               8.2                8.4

 Iceland                 7.25              6.77               6.8
 Ireland                 6.1               6.1            ca. 6
 Norway                  5.12              5.17               5.93
 U.S.S.R.               11.6               5.6                5.7
 Finland                 4.49              4.92               5.12

 Tunisia                 3.18              3.18               3.18
 Paraguay                1.9               1.9                1.9
 Morocco                 1.3               1.6                1.6
 Brazil                  2.5               2.4                1.5
 Algeria                 1.2               1.2                1.2

 Japan                   0.7               0.71               0.80
 Venezuela               0.7               0.7                0.7
 Peru                    0.6               0.6                0.6
 Turkey                  1.0               0.4                0.4
 Mexico              ca. 0.2           ca. 0.2            ca. 0.2
 -------------------------------------------------------------------
 na - Data not available

 Note:  Sales data were lacking for a number of consumption figures,
        which were then calculated from production figures for wine.

 Source:  Hoeveel alcoholhoude dranken worden er in de wereld
          gedronken? (How many alcoholic beverages are being consumed
          throughout the world?) 27th edition.  Schiedam, Netherlands:
          Produktschap voor gedistilleerde dranken, 1987.

 (Entered:  11/89)

 Int'l Per Capita Consumption of Distilled Spirits, 1985-87
 (in liters of absolute ethanol, based on total population)

 ---------------------------------------------------------------------
 Country             1985                 1986                 1987
 ---------------------------------------------------------------------
 East Germany        4.8                  4.9              ca. 5
 Hungary             5.4                  5.3                  4.7
 Poland              4.6                  4.7                  4.7
 Czechoslavakia      3.52                 3.40                 3.32
 Finland             3.01                 3.17                 3.22

 Spain           ca. 3                ca. 3                ca. 3
 Bulgaria            3.21                 3.41                 2.83
 Canada              2.61             ca. 2.55                   na
 Luxemburg       ca. 2.5              ca. 2.5              ca. 2.5
 U.S.A.              2.72                 2.45                 2.41

 Iceland             2.26                 2.44                 2.40
 Cyprus              2.1                  2.3                  2.4
 Japan               2.4                  2.38                 2.30
 France              2.33                 2.34                 2.30
 West Germany        2.37                 2.29                 2.24

 Belgium             2.12                 1.98                 2.15
 Netherlands         2.24                 2.21                 2.07
 Switzerland         2.18                 2.08                 2.04
 Rumania         ca. 2                ca. 2                ca. 2
 Yugoslavia          1.9              ca. 2                ca. 2

 Sweden              2.06                 2.12                 1.96
 United Kingdom      1.72                 1.71                 1.73
 Ireland             1.8                  1.7              ca. 1.7
 U.S.S.R.            3.1                  1.9                  1.6
 Uruguay             1.5                  1.5                  1.6

 New Zealand         1.72                 1.4                  1.6
 Denmark             1.61                 1.58                 1.50
 Austria             1.46             ca. 1.45             ca. 1.45
 Norway              1.41                 1.28                 1.32
 Australia           1.22                 1.20                 1.3

 South Africa        1.07                 1.27                 1.02
 Italy           ca. 1.2              ca. 1.2              ca. 1.0
 ---------------------------------------------------------------------
 na - Data not available

 Source:  Hoeveel alcoholhoude dranken worden er in de wereld
          gedronken? (How many alcoholic beverages are being consumed
          throughout the world?) 27th edition.  Schiedam, Netherlands:
          Produktschap voor gedistilleerde dranken, 1987.

 (Entered:  11/89)

 Int'l Apparent Per Capita Consumption-All Alcohol Beverages,'85-87
 (in liters of absolute ethanol based on total population)

 ------------------------------------------------------------------
 Country             1985                1986                1987
 ------------------------------------------------------------------
 France              13.3                13.2                13.0
 Luxembourg          13.0                12.7                13.0
 Spain               11.8                11.7                12.7
 Switzerland         11.2                11.0                11.0
 Hungary             11.5                11.4                10.7

 Belgium             10.5                10.3                10.7
 West Germany        10.8                10.5                10.6
 Portugal            13.1                11.2                10.5
 East Germany        10.3                10.5                10.5
 Italy               11.6                10.2                10.0

 Austria              9.9                10.0                 9.9
 Denmark              9.9                10.0                 9.6
 Bulgaria             8.8                 9.3                 8.9
 Argentina            8.9                 9.0                 8.9
 Australia            9.0                 8.7                 8.8

 Czechoslovakia       9.4                 9.0                 8.6
 Netherlands          8.5                 8.6                 8.3
 New Zealand          8.2                 8.3                 8.3
 Canada               7.9                 7.8                 na
 Rumania              7.9                 7.8                 7.6

 U.S.A.               8.0                 7.6                 7.6
 Yugoslavia           6.3                 7.4                 7.6
 United Kingdom       7.1                 7.1                 7.3
 Poland               7.0                 7.2                 7.2
 Finland              6.5                 6.9                 7.1

 Japan                5.7                 5.9                 6.3
 Cyprus               5.6                 5.9                 6.3
 Uruguay              5.1                 5.0                 5.5
 Sweden               5.2                 5.5                 5.4
 Ireland              5.6                 5.5                 5.4

 Greece *             6.2                 4.6                 5.4
 Chili *              5.6                 5.0                 5.2
 South Africa         4.2                 4.5                 4.4
 Norway               4.2                 4.2                 4.4
 Iceland              4.0                 4.1                 4.1

 Venezuela *          3.1                 3.1                 3.7
 U.S.S.R.             5.7                 3.5                 3.2
 Columbia **          2.6                 2.7                 2.8
 Peru *               1.6                 1.9                 2.2
 Brazil *             1.4                 1.9                 1.9

 Paraguay *           1.9                 1.5                 1.9
 Mexico *             1.7                 1.8                 1.8
 Cuba **              1.3                 1.4                 1.5
 Turkey               1.0                 1.0                 1.0
 Tunisia *            0.7                 0.6                 0.6

 Algeria *            0.3                 0.3                 0.3
 Morocco *            0.2                 0.3                 0.3
 ------------------------------------------------------------------
 na - Data not Available

 * Either no reliable or no complete statistical data on the
   consumption of distilled spirits were available for this country

 ** Covers only consumption of beer.  No figures are known on the
    consumption of distilled spirits or wine.

 Note:  When calculating the quantity in liters of absolute alcohol in
        beer, in the absence of precise data, an average of 5% alcohol
        content was used;  wine was calculated with an average of 12%
        alcohol content.  Other alcoholic beverages, such as cider, sake,
        fruit wines British wines, and wine coolers, were included in the
        calculation of the total alcohol consumption above, if
        consumption figures were known for them.

 Source:  Hoeveel alcoholhoude dranken worden er in de wereld
          gedronken? (How many alcoholic beverages are being consumed
          throughout the world?) 27th edition. Schiedam, Netherlands:
          Produktschap voor gedistilleerde dranken, 1987.

 (Entered:  11/89)


PATTERNS OF ALCOHOL USE (DRINK)

 Distribution of White, Non-Hispanic Drinking Levels by Age/Sex,'83
 (Numbers in thousands)

 --------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                   Drinking Level *
         ------------------------------------------------------------------
    Sex                         Light          Moderate         Heavier
  and Age    Abstainer         Drinker          Drinker         Drinker
         ----------------  ---------------  ---------------  --------------
               N      %         N      %         N      %       N      %
 --------------------------------------------------------------------------

 Both Sexes

 18-74 Yrs   42,080  34.1     39,405  31.9     28,641  23.2   13,345  10.8

 18-29 Yrs    9,468  25.5     12,445  33.5     10,883  29.3    4,357  11.7
 30-44 Yrs   10,741  29.4     12,913  35.3      9,126  24.9    3,806  10.4
 45-64 Yrs   15,167  40.4     11,160  29.7      7,119  18.9    4,127  11.0
 65-74 Yrs    6,703  55.1      2,887  23.7      1,513  12.4    1,055   8.7

 Male

 18-74 Yrs   14,174  23.8     17,789  29.9     17,438  29.3   10,135  17.0

 18-29 Yrs    3,249  17.6      5,335  28.9      6,611  35.9    3,245  17.6
 30-44 Yrs    3,491  19.5      5,838  32.6      5,681  31.7    2,919  16.3
 45-64 Yrs    5,193  28.9      5,300  29.5      4,290  23.9    3,178  17.7
 65-74 Yrs    2,241  43.1      1,315  25.3        856  16.4      792  15.2

 Female

 18-74 Yrs   27,906  43.6     21,617  33.8     11,203  17.5    3,210   5.0

 18-29 Yrs    6,219  33.2      7,110  38.0      4,272  22.8    1,113   5.9
 30-44 Yrs    7,250  38.9      7,075  37.9      3,445  18.5      886   4.8
 45-64 Yrs    9,974  50.9      5,860  29.9      2,829  14.4      949   4.8
 65-74 Yrs    4,462  64.2      1,572  22.6        657   9.4      262   3.8
 --------------------------------------------------------------------------
 *Abstainer defined as a person who drinks less than 12 drinks per year or
  a former drinker who has not had a drink in over a year: light drinker
  drinks up to .21 oz of ethanol daily (up to 3 drinks per week); moderate
  drinker drinks between .22 and .99 oz of ethanol daily (4 to 13 drinks
  per week); heavier drinker consumes 1 or more oz of ethanol daily
  (2 drinks or more a day).

 Source:  NCHS, unpublished data from the 1983 Alcohol/Health Practices
          Questionnaire of the National Health Interview Survey.

 (Entered: 9/87)

 Distribution of Black, Non-Hispanic Drinking Levels by Age/Sex,'83
 (Numbers in thousands)

 --------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                   Drinking Level *
         ------------------------------------------------------------------
    Sex                         Light          Moderate         Heavier
  and Age    Abstainer         Drinker          Drinker         Drinker
         ----------------  ---------------  ---------------  --------------
               N      %         N      %         N      %       N      %
 --------------------------------------------------------------------------

 Both Sexes

 18-74 Yrs   8,763  55.5      3,581  22.7      2,314  14.7    1,133   7.2

 18-29 Yrs   3,141  52.9      1,516  25.5        952  16.0      327   5.5
 30-44 Yrs   2,171  46.7      1,238  26.6        798  17.2      438   9.4
 45-64 Yrs   2,489  62.0        714  17.8        513  12.8      301   7.5
 65-74 Yrs     963  80.7        114   9.6         50** 4.2       66   5.6

 Male

 18-74 Yrs   3,012  42.8      1,637  23.3      1,514  21.5      871  12.4

 18-29 Yrs   1,281  46.4        611  22.1        630  22.8      238   8.6
 30-44 Yrs     640  31.4        557  27.4        504  24.8      335  16.5
 45-64 Yrs     745  43.3        388  22.5        341  19.8      246  14.3
 65-74 Yrs     346  66.9         81  15.7         39** 7.5**     51**9.9**

 Female

 18-74 Yrs   5,751  65.7      1,944  22.2        800   9.1      262   3.0

 18-29 Yrs   1,860  58.6        905  28.5        322  10.1       89   2.8
 30-44 Yrs   1,531  58.7        681  26.1        294  11.3      103   4.0
 45-64 Yrs   1,743  75.9        326  14.2        172   7.5       54   2.4
 65-74 Yrs     617  91.2         33** 4.9         11** 1.7**     15** 2.3**
 --------------------------------------------------------------------------
 *Abstainer defined as a person who drinks less than 12 drinks per year or
  a former drinker who has not had a drink in over a year: light drinker
  drinks up to .21 oz of ethanol daily (up to 3 drinks per week); moderate
  drinker drinks between .22 and .99 oz of ethanol daily (4 to 13 drinks
  per week); heavier drinker consumes 1 or more oz of ethanol daily
  (2 drinks or more a day).

 **  Estimate is calculated with data from 5 or fewer respondents.

 Source:  NCHS, unpublished data from the 1983 Alcohol/Health Practices
          Questionnaire of the National Health Interview Survey.

 (Entered: 9/87)

 Distribution of Mexican American Drinking Levels by Age/Sex,'82-84
 (Numbers in thousands)

 --------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                   Drinking Level *
         ------------------------------------------------------------------
    Sex                         Light          Moderate         Heavier
  and Age    Abstainer         Drinker          Drinker         Drinker
         ----------------  ---------------  ---------------  --------------
               N      %         N      %         N      %       N      %
 --------------------------------------------------------------------------

 Both Sexes

 18-74 Yrs  2,380   44.1     1,484   27.5     1,007   18.7     525    9.7

 18-29 Yrs    914   41.6       644   29.3       421   19.2     217    9.9
 30-44 Yrs    683   38.2       516   28.9       387   21.7     201   11.3
 45-64 Yrs    595   52.2       279   24.5       165   14.5     101    8.9
 65-74 Yrs    188   69.2        45   16.4        33   12.2       6**  2.2**

 Male

 18-74 Yrs    621   23.0       778   28.8       816   30.2     485   18.0

 18-29 Yrs    259   22.9       342   30.1       333   29.4     199   17.6
 30-44 Yrs    158   17.4       248   27.3       320   35.2     184   20.2
 45-64 Yrs    141   26.5       161   30.3       134   25.2      96   18.1
 65-74 Yrs     63   40.7        27   21.7        29   22.8       6**  4.8**

 Female

 18-74 Yrs   1 759   65.3       706   26.2       191    7.1      40    1.5

 18-29 Yrs     655   61.6       302   25.8        88    8.3      17    1.6
 30-44 Yrs     525   59.8       268   30.6        67    7.6      18    2.0
 45-64 Yrs     454   74.7       118   19.4        31    5.1       5** 1.0**
 65-74 Yrs     125   84.9        18   11.9         5 ** 3.3       -     -
 --------------------------------------------------------------------------
 *Abstainer defined as a person who drinks less than 12 drinks per year or
  a former drinker who has not had a drink in over a year: light drinker
  drinks up to .21 oz of ethanol daily (up to 3 drinks per week); moderate
  drinker drinks between .22 and .99 oz of ethanol daily (4 to 13 drinks
  per week); heavier drinker consumes 1 or more oz of ethanol daily
  (2 drinks or more a day).

 **  Estimate is calculated with data from 5 or fewer respondents.

 -  Value is zero.

 Source:  NCHS, unpublished data from Hispanic Health and Nutrition
          Examination Survey.

 (Entered: 9/87)

 Distribution of Cuban American Drinking Levels by Age/Sex, '82-84
 (Numbers in thousands)

 --------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                   Drinking Level *
         ------------------------------------------------------------------
    Sex                         Light          Moderate         Heavier
  and Age    Abstainer         Drinker          Drinker         Drinker
         ----------------  ---------------  ---------------  --------------
               N      %         N      %         N      %       N      %
 ---------------------------------------------------------------------------

 Both Sexes

 18-74 Yrs   191    56.3       86    25.5       47    13.9     15     4.4

 18-29 Yrs    29    39.0       33    44.4       11    14.2      2**   2.4**
 30-44 Yrs    51    49.0       29    27.6       18    17.6      6     5.9
 45-64 Yrs    84    65.4       21    16.2       17    13.0      7     5.4
 65-74 Yrs    27    84.0        3    11.1        1**   4.8**    -      -

 Male

 18-74 Yrs    47    30.9       52    34.2       39    25.8     14     9.2

 18-29 Yrs     7    17.2       21    55.3        8    22.7      2**   4.8**
 30-44 Yrs     8    20.2       14    33.2       14    33.1      5    13.5
 45-64 Yrs    24    40.0       14    23.7       15    25.5      7    10.8
 65-74 Yrs     8    62.2        3    25.6        2**  12.2**    -      -

 Female

 18-74 Yrs   144    76.9       34    18.4        8     4.3      1     0.4

 18-29 Yrs    23    60.5       13    33.8        2**   5.8**    -      -
 30-44 Yrs    42    68.0       15    23.9        5     7.3      1**   0.8**
 45-64 Yrs    60    88.2        6     9.5        1**   1.9**    -      -
 65-74 Yrs    19    98.3        -      -         -      -       -      -
 --------------------------------------------------------------------------
 *Abstainer defined as a person who drinks less than 12 drinks per year or
  a former drinker who has not had a drink in over a year: light drinker
  drinks up to .21 oz of ethanol daily (up to 3 drinks per week); moderate
  drinker drinks between .22 and .99 oz of ethanol daily (4 to 13 drinks
  per week); heavier drinker consumes 1 or more oz of ethanol daily
  (2 drinks or more a day).

 **  Estimate is calculated with data from 5 or fewer respondents.

 -  Value is zero.

 Source:  NCHS, unpublished data from Hispanic Health and Nutrition
          Examination Survey.

 (Entered: 9/87)

 Distribution of Puerto Rican Drinking Levels by Age/Sex, 1982-84
 (Numbers in thousands)

 --------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                   Drinking Level *
         ------------------------------------------------------------------
    Sex                         Light          Moderate         Heavier
  and Age    Abstainer         Drinker          Drinker         Drinker
         ----------------  ---------------  ---------------  --------------
               N      %         N      %         N      %       N      %
 --------------------------------------------------------------------------

 Both Sexes

 18-74 Yrs    363   53.4       158   23.2       104   15.3      56    8.2

 18-29 Yrs    122   48.0        68   26.9        43   17.1      20    8.0
 30-44 Yrs    123   50.6        62   25.4        39   15.9      20    8.1
 45-64 Yrs     97   62.3        24   15.3        20   12.9      15    9.5
 65-74 Yrs     21   76.2         4   13.3         2**  6.5**     1**  4.0**

 Male

 18-74 Yrs     80   30.8        64   24.7        71   27.5      44   17.1

 18-29 Yrs     26   26.2        28   28.4        29   29.0      16   16.4
 30-44 Yrs     27   31.8        19   22.5        24   28.4      14   17.2
 45-64 Yrs     22   33.7        14   21.8        16   25.5      12   19.1
 65-74 Yrs      4   48.9         3   26.5         2** 15.7**     1**  8.9**

 Female

 18-74 Yrs    283   67.3        94   22.2        33    7.8      12    2.8

 18-29 Yrs     96   62.1        40   25.9        15    9.4       4    2.7
 30-44 Yrs     95   60.8        43   27.0        14    9.1       5    3.1
 45-64 Yrs     76   82.4        10   10.8         4    4.0       3    2.8
 65-74 Yrs     16   90.2         1**  6.5**       -     -        -     -
 --------------------------------------------------------------------------
 *Abstainer defined as a person who drinks less than 12 drinks per year or
  a former drinker who has not had a drink in over a year: light drinker
  drinks up to .21 oz of ethanol daily (up to 3 drinks per week); moderate
  drinker drinks between .22 and .99 oz of ethanol daily (4 to 13 drinks
  per week); heavier drinker consumes 1 or more oz of ethanol daily
  (2 drinks or more a day).

 **  Estimate is calculated with data from 5 or fewer respondents.

 -  Value is zero.

 Source:  NCHS, unpublished data from Hispanic Health and Nutrition
          Examination Survey.

 (Entered: 9/87)

 Trends in Prevalence of Alcohol Use Among High School Sr., 1975-88

 --------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                    Percent Using Alcohol
 Graduating  -----------------------------------------------------------
 Year           Ever           In Last          In Last       Daily In Last
                In Life        12 Months         30 Days          30 Days
 --------------------------------------------------------------------------
 1988             92.0             85.3             63.9             4.2
 1987             92.2             85.7             66.4             4.8
 1986             91.3             84.5             65.3             4.8
 1985             92.2             85.6             65.9             5.0

 1984             92.6             86.0             67.2             4.8
 1983             92.6             87.3             69.4             5.5
 1982             92.8             86.8             69.7             5.7
 1981             92.6             87.0             70.7             6.0
 1980             93.2             87.9             72.0             6.0

 1979             93.0             88.1             71.8             6.9
 1978             93.1             87.7             72.1             5.7
 1977             92.5             87.0             71.2             6.1
 1976             91.9             85.7             68.3             5.6
 1975             90.4             84.8             68.2             5.7
 --------------------------------------------------------------------------
 Sources:National Institute on Drug Abuse.  NATIONAL TRENDS IN DRUG USE
         AND RELATED FACTORS AMONG AMERICAN HIGH SCHOOL STUDENTS AND YOUNG
         ADULTS, 1975-1988.  Rockville, MD: DHHS Pub. No. (ADM)87-1535,
         1987 / Monitoring the Future: A Continuing Study of the Lifestyles
         and Values of Youth, pre-publication press release, February,
         1989.

 (Entered: 3/89)

 Alcohol Use Among H.S.Sr. by Sex/College Plans/Region/Pop Dens.'86

 Prevalence of Alcohol Use Among High School Seniors by Sex, College Plans,
 Region and Population Density, 1986

 --------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                      Percent Using Alcohol
 1986        ------------------------------------------------------------
                     Ever          In Last        In Last     Daily In Last
                    In Life       12 Months       30 Days        30 Days
 --------------------------------------------------------------------------
 All Seniors            91.3           84.5           65.3           4.8

 Sex:
   Male                 92.3           85.8           69.0           6.7
   Female               90.6           83.4           61.9           2.8

 College Plans:
   None or under 4 yrs  92.2           85.1           66.6           6.8
   Complete 4 yrs       91.1           84.6           64.8           3.5

 Region:
   Northeast            94.3           88.7           67.6           4.9
   North Central        93.5           88.4           71.3           4.9
   South                88.0           78.4           58.2           4.9
   West                 89.7           82.9           64.5           4.2

 Population Density:
   Large SMSA           92.8           86.8           66.2           4.0
   Other SMSA           91.0           84.1           64.8           4.5
   Non-SMSA             90.6           83.0           65.2           5.8
 --------------------------------------------------------------------------
 Source:National Institute on Drug Abuse.  NATIONAL TRENDS IN DRUG USE AND
        RELATED FACTORS AMONG AMERICAN HIGH SCHOOL STUDENTS AND YOUNG
        ADULTS, 1975-1986. Rockville, MD: DHHS Pub. No. (ADM)87-1535, 1987.

 (Entered: 3/89)

 Alcohol Use by H.S.Sr. by Sex/College Plans/Region/Pop Density,'86

 Prevalence of Alcohol Use Among High School Seniors by Sex, College Plans,
 Region and Population Density, 1988

 --------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                      Percent Using Alcohol
 1988        ------------------------------------------------------------
                     Ever          In Last        In Last     Daily In Last
                    In Life       12 Months       30 Days        30 Days
 --------------------------------------------------------------------------
 All Seniors            92.0           85.3           63.9           N/A

 Sex:
   Male                 92.1           85.7           68.0           N/A
   Female               92.0           85.0           59.9           N/A

 College Plans:
   None or under 4 yrs  92.2           85.5           65.0           N/A
   Complete 4 yrs       92.2           85.7           63.6           N/A

 Region:
   Northeast            93.9           88.0           66.7           N/A
   North Central        93.8           88.1           67.9           N/A
   South                89.3           80.9           58.6           N/A
   West                 92.5           86.5           65.0           N/A

 Population Density:
   Large SMSA           92.2           86.1           63.8           N/A
   Other SMSA           92.3           85.7           64.1           N/A
   Non-SMSA             91.3           83.9           63.8           N/A
 --------------------------------------------------------------------------
 N/A = Information not available

 Source:  National Institute on Drug Abuse.  Monitoring the Future: A
          Continuing Study of the Lifestyles and Values of Youth, pre-
          publication press release, February, 1989.

 (Entered: 3/89)

 1st Use of Alcohol & Getting Drunk, U.S. High School Class-'85,'86

 Grade of First Use of Alcohol, U.S. High School Class of 1985 & 1986,
 Grade of First Getting Drunk, U.S. High School Class of 1986

 --------------------------------------------------------------------------
                        Percent of High School Seniors First:
 Grade of ------------------------------------------------------------
 First Use     Using Alcohol (85)   Using Alcohol (86)   Getting Drunk (86)
 --------------------------------------------------------------------------

 6th                   9.7                  8.4                 3.4

 7-8th                23.0                 21.9                14.2

 9th                  22.8                 24.6                19.1

 10th                 18.5                 17.9                15.6

 11th                 11.8                 12.4                12.8

 12th                  6.4                  6.1                 6.3

 Never used            7.8                  8.7                28.6
 --------------------------------------------------------------------------
 SOURCE:  National Institute on Drug Abuse.  DRUG USE AMONG AMERICAN HIGH
          SCHOOL STUDENTS, COLLEGE STUDENTS, AND OTHER YOUNG ADULTS:
          NATIONAL TRENDS THROUGH 1985.  Washington DC, DHHS Publication
          No. (ADM) 86-1450, 1986.
     and
          National Institute on Drug Abuse.  NATIONAL TRENDS IN DRUG USE
          AND RELATED FACTORS AMONG AMERICAN HIGH SCHOOL STUDENTS AND YOUNG
          ADULTS, 1975-1986.  Rockville, MD: DHHS Pub. No. (ADM)87-1535,
          1987.

 (Entered: 9/87)

 Alcohol-Related Behavioral Risk-Factor Rates-21 States,D.C.,'84-85

 Risk-Factor Rates(*)

 --------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                               Risk Factor
                         --------------------------------------------------
                             Binge            Heavier          Drinking
   State                   Drinking**        Drinking#        & Driving##
                         -------------     -------------     -------------
                         1984     1985     1984     1985     1984     1985
 --------------------------------------------------------------------------

 Arizona                  20.8     19.0     12.0      9.3      6.3      5.6
 California               20.4     17.3     10.5      8.2      4.2      3.3
 Connecticut               na      20.6      na       9.2      na       1.5
 District of Columbia      na      15.2      na       6.3      na       2.6
 Florida                   na      17.3      na       9.3      na       3.4

 Georgia                   na      15.3      na       5.9      na       3.9
 Idaho                    17.8     15.6      5.8      5.9      4.2      3.3
 Illinois                 22.8     21.2     10.2     10.9      6.9      6.3
 Indiana                  16.6     19.3      8.1      4.9      4.7      1.3
 Kentucky                  na       8.8      na       5.2      na       1.7

 Minnesota                25.3     23.3      7.7      6.6      6.9      6.8
 Montana                  27.0     22.4      6.9      5.9      8.2      5.5
 New York                  na      19.0      na       8.9      na       4.2
 North Carolina           14.2     12.6      6.8      4.9      4.6      3.7
 North Dakota              na      24.0      na       3.7      na       9.8

 Ohio                     22.5     19.8      8.7      7.5      7.4      4.5
 Rhode Island             19.2     12.9      8.6      6.1      5.0      3.0
 South Carolina           11.0      9.8      5.7      5.2      2.0      3.3
 Tennessee                 8.6      6.3      4.8      5.0      3.3      1.7
 Utah                     10.5     12.2      3.2      3.0      3.9      2.5

 West Virginia            11.6     13.6      5.7      4.6      2.9      2.8
 Wisconsin                28.9     27.3     10.3      9.4     11.3      9.3
 --------------------------------------------------------------------------
 na - Data not available

 *  Percentages.

 **  Person who drank five or more drinks on an occasion one or more times
     in the past month.

 #  Person whose average total alcoholic beverage intake exceeds 60
    drinks per month.

 ##  Person who states he/she has driven after having too much to drink
     one or more times in the past month.

 Source:Brooks, R., et al.  "Behavioral risk-factor surveillance:  Selected
        States, 1984"; MORBIDITY AND MORTALITY WEEKLY REPORT, 35(16):
        253-254, (1986).
    and
        Brooks, R., et al.  "Behavioral risk-factor surveillance in
        selected States--1985"; MORBIDITY AND MORTALITY WEEKLY REPORT,
        35(27):  441-444, (1986).

 (Entered: 9/87)

 Age/Sex Dist. of Drinking Patterns of U.S. Adults in Households'84

 --------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                 Men
 Drinking Pattern         -------------------------------------------------
                            18-29   30-39   40-49   50-59   60 +   All Ages
 --------------------------------------------------------------------------
 Abstainers (%)               18      13      22      29      42       24
 Infrequent low maximum        7       6      13       7      12        9
 Infrequent high maximum       1       3       2       1       1        2
 Less frequent low maximum    11       8      15       7       9       10
 Less frequent high maximum   10       9       2       7       *        6
 Frequent low maximum          6      12      10      15      22       15
 Frequent high maximum        20      27      16      17       9       18
 Frequent heavy drinker       27      21      19      17       4       18N
                             (620)   (511)   (305)   (232)   (413)   (2081)
 --------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                Women
 Drinking Pattern         -------------------------------------------------
                            18-29   30-39   40-49   50-59   60 +   All Ages
 --------------------------------------------------------------------------
 Abstainers (%)               26      31      38      38      51       36
 Infrequent low maximum       17      15      19      18      17       17
 Infrequent high maximum       3       2       1       *       1        2
 Less frequent low maximum    14      16      11      13      14       14
 Less frequent high maximum   11       9       6       4       1        6
 Frequent low maximum         10       7      12      20      14       12
 Frequent high maximum        11      12       7       5       1        8
 Frequent heavy drinker        7       7       6       2       1        5N
                             (892)   (763)   (406)   (358)   (678)   (3097)
 --------------------------------------------------------------------------
 *  Less than 0.5%.  Percentages based on weighted data.  N's given for
    unweighted data.

 Drinking Patterns Defined:
  Abstainer -- Never drinks or drinks less than once per year.
  Infrequent low maximum -- Drinks one to 11 times per year but never
   drinks five or more drinks at a sitting.
  Infrequent high maximum -- Drinks one to 11 times per year and drinks
   five or more drinks at a sitting at least once per year.
  Less frequent low maximum -- Drinks one to three times per month but
   never drinks as many as five drinks at a sitting.
  Less frequent high maximum -- Drinks one to three times per month and
   drinks five or more drinks at a sitting at least once per year.
  Frequent low maximum -- Drinks once per week or more often but never
   drinks as many as five drinks at a sitting.
  Frequent high maximum -- Drinks once per week or more often and drinks
   five or more drinks at a sitting at least once per year but not
   classified as frequent heavy drinker.
  Frequent heavy drinker -- Drinks once per week or more often and
   drinks five or more drinks in a single day once a week or more
   often.

 Source:  1984 National Survey by the Alcohol Research Group, reported in
          Hilton, M.  Drinking Patterns and Drinking Problems in 1984:
          Results from a General Population Survey.  ALCOHOLISM: CLINICAL
          AND EXPERIMENTAL RESEARCH, Vol. 11, No. 2, March/April 1987,
          p. 167-175.

 (Entered: 9/87)

 % of Adults Reporting Past Month Use-Alcohol/Marijuana by Sex, '82

 Percent of Adults (#) Reporting Past Month Use of Both Alcohol and
 Marijuana by Sex, with Race and Age Breakouts for Concomitant Use, 1982

 --------------------------------------------------------------------------
                             Males                         Females
                   --------------------------     -------------------------
                            % **    Group-                 % **    Group-
 Drugs Used                 Distri- Specific               Distri- Specific
                    N *     bution     % **        N *     bution     % **
 --------------------------------------------------------------------------
 Alcohol,
 no marijuana     1,092       50                 1,106       40

 Marijuana,
 no alcohol          28        1                    30        1

 Alcohol and marijuana,
 occasionally or more
 frequent use in
 combination ##     337       11                   185        4

                  Race: White           12                             5
                        Black           11                             5
                        Hispanic         6                             1
                        Asian/Pacific
                         Islander        5                             0
                        Native American  6                             4
                        Others           0                             0

                   Age: 12-17 Years      8                             6
                        18-25 Years     24                            12
                        26-34 Years     17                             8
                        35-49 Years     14                             2
                        50-64 Years      2                             0
                        65+ Years        0                             0

 Alcohol and marijuana,
 not in combination  75        3                    75        2

 Unspecified drug use
                    152        5                   183        6

 None               953       30                 1,408       48
 --------------------------------------------------------------------------
 #  Ages 18 years and older.

 *  Unweighted data.

 **  Weighted data.

 ##-
  Based on the following item from the NIDA Household Survey on Drug Abuse:
  On the occasions you have used marijuana  or hashish, about how often did
  you have an alcohol drink around the same time?
       Usually
       About half the time
       Occasionally
       Rarely
       Never
       Never used marijuana or hashish

 Source: Norton, R. and Colliver, J.  Prevalence and patterns of combined
         alcohol and marijuana use.  JOURNAL OF ALCOHOL STUDIES, in press,
         to be published May, 1988.

 (Entered: 9/87)

 Drinking Behavior of Married Mothers of Liveborn Infants, 1980

 Drinking Behavior Before and During Pregnancy of Married Mothers of
 Liveborn Infants by Race/Ethnicity and Age, 1980

 --------------------------------------------------------------------------
                            Total          % of Mothers    % of Mothers Who
                       ---------------      Who Drank *    Stopped Drinking
 Characteristics       Number      %     Before Pregnancy  During Pregnancy
 --------------------------------------------------------------------------

 All Married Mothers   4,405     100.0         55.0               29.6

 Race/Ethnicity
   White, Non-Hispanic 3,727      84.6         58.1               29.2
   Black, Non-Hispanic   247       5.6         39.2               37.1
   Hispanic              253       5.7         39.9               27.7
   Other **              178       4.0         33.2               37.3

 Age - All Races
   Under 20 Years        330       7.5         40.3               39.1
   20-24               1,393      31.6         53.0               33.2
   25-29               1,608      36.5         58.2               29.5
   30-34                 846      19.2         58.6               22.4
   35 and older          228       5.2         53.1               28.1
 --------------------------------------------------------------------------
 * Drinkers are those who consumed at least one drink (0.5 oz. of absolute
   alcohol once a month).

 ** Includes all other races not shown separately.

 Source:  National Center for Health Statistics:  Preliminary Data from the
          Natality Survey.

 (Entered: 9/87)

 Drinking Behavior of Married Mothers of Stillborn Infants, 1980

 Drinking Behavior Before and During Pregnancy of Married Mothers of
 Stillborn Infants by Race/Ethnicity and Age, 1980

 --------------------------------------------------------------------------
                            Total          % of Mothers    % of Mothers Who
                       ---------------      Who Drank *    Stopped Drinking
 Characteristics       Number      %     Before Pregnancy  During Pregnancy
 --------------------------------------------------------------------------
 All Married Mothers   2,616     100.0         48.9               33.2

 Race/Ethnicity
   White, Non-Hispanic 2,154      82.3         52.3               31.9
   Black, Non-Hispanic   247       9.4         34.0               44.0
   Hispanic              136       5.2         35.3               45.8
   Other **               79       3.0         26.6               33.3

 Age - All Races
   Under 20 Years        211       8.1         45.0               44.2
   20-24                 792      30.3         47.3               39.2
   25-29                 866      33.1         52.4               31.5
   30-34                 520      19.9         49.4               27.2
   35 and older          227       8.7         43.2               23.5
 --------------------------------------------------------------------------
 * Drinkers are those who consumed at least one drink (0.5 oz. of absolute
   alcohol once a month).

 ** Includes all other races not shown separately.

 Source:  National Center for Health Statistics:  Preliminary Data from the
          Natality Survey.

 (Entered: 9/87)

 NIDA Survey: % Rep. Alcohol Use in Lifetime by Age/Demographics'85

 NIDA Household Survey:  Percent Reporting Alcohol Use in Lifetime by
 Age Group and Demographic Characteristics, 1985

 --------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                           Age Group (Years)
 Demographic            ----------------------------------------------
 Characteristic             12-17     18-25     26-34      35+      Total
 --------------------------------------------------------------------------

 Total                       55.5      92.6      93.1      88.0      86.1

 Sex
   Male                      57.8      94.1      96.1      95.3      90.7
   Female                    53.1      91.1      90.3      81.7      81.8

 Race/Ethnicity
   White                     60.7      96.2      95.4      89.9      88.9
   Black                     38.8      79.8      86.5      79.5      74.7
   Hispanic                  44.1      81.3      85.2      73.6      73.2

 Population Density
   Large Metro               52.8      89.8      90.8      85.8      83.7
   Small Metro               54.1      94.6      95.2      91.1      88.4
   Nonmetro                  58.4      91.6      91.9      85.2      84.4

 Region
   Northeast                 60.8      97.1      96.1      91.8      90.1
   North Central             57.0      96.1      95.4      89.9      88.6
   South                     49.2      88.0      89.7      82.7      80.9
   West                      58.5      90.3      92.4      90.4      87.0

 Adult Education
   Less than high school      N/A      87.6      90.4      76.8      80.1
   High school graduate       N/A      92.8      93.1      89.9      88.6
   Some college               N/A      94.4      94.4      94.2      94.3
   College graduate           N/A      96.1      93.6      96.7      95.7

 Current Employment
   Full-time                 82.3      95.1      95.0      93.5      94.0
   Part-time                 64.0      90.6      94.6      86.6      83.3
   Unemployed                70.4      91.4      88.6      84.3      86.6
   Other                     48.2      86.6      86.2      82.0      75.6
 --------------------------------------------------------------------------
 Source: NIDA, National Household Survey on Drug Abuse: Main Findings 1985.
         DHHS Pub. No. (ADM)88-1586, 1988.

 (Entered: 10/88)

 NIDA Survey: % Rep. Alcohol Use in Past Yr. by Age/Demographics'85

 NIDA Household Survey:  Percent Reporting Alcohol Use in the Past Year by
 Age Group and Demographic Characteristics, 1985

 --------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                           Age Group (Years)
 Demographic            ----------------------------------------------
 Characteristic             12-17     18-25     26-34      35+      Total
 --------------------------------------------------------------------------

 Total                       51.7      87.2      84.0      69.9      73.4

 Sex
   Male                      52.9      90.3      88.6      76.7      78.6
   Female                    50.5      84.1      79.7      64.0      68.8

 Race/Ethnicity
   White                     57.1      91.2      86.0      72.2      76.3
   Black                     33.7      73.1      77.6      53.3      59.0
   Hispanic                  40.8      76.0      77.8      59.7      64.0

 Population Density
   Large Metro               49.3      86.1      86.0      76.2      72.7
   Small Metro               50.7      90.2      88.6      74.5      77.2
   Nonmetro                  54.1      84.0      77.5      65.5      69.3

 Region
   Northeast                 58.1      91.5      91.1      79.2      81.2
   North Central             52.0      92.4      88.6      74.5      78.2
   South                     44.5      81.7      76.3      56.0      62.5
   West                      56.1      84.6      82.8      77.5      77.3

 Adult Education
   Less than high school      N/A      79.3      78.3      49.0      57.1
   High school graduate       N/A      87.6      82.8      73.3      78.7
   Some college               N/A      90.6      85.4      83.8      85.9
   College graduate           N/A      91.6      87.9      84.2      86.2

 Current Employment
   Full-time                 81.1      90.6      87.7      80.1      84.2
   Part-time                 60.3      83.5      82.8      74.3      74.4
   Unemployed                66.4      85.7      77.0      67.0      75.8
   Other                     44.2      80.0      72.6      56.5      57.2
 --------------------------------------------------------------------------
 Source: NIDA, National Household Survey on Drug Abuse: Main Findings 1985.
         DHHS Pub. No. (ADM)88-1586, 1988.

 (Entered: 10/88)

 NIDA Survey: % Rep. Alcohol Use in Past Month-Age/Demographic, '85

 NIDA Household Survey:  Percent Reporting Alcohol Use in the Past Month by
 Age Group and Demographic Characteristics, 1985

 --------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                           Age Group (Years)
 Demographic            ----------------------------------------------
 Characteristic             12-17     18-25     26-34      35+      Total
 --------------------------------------------------------------------------

 Total                       31.0      71.4      70.0      57.3      59.1

 Sex
   Male                      33.5      78.3      79.6      67.9      67.8
   Female                    28.4      64.4      60.7      48.3      51.1

 Race/Ethnicity
   White                     34.3      75.7      72.2      59.3      61.8
   Black                     20.9      57.4      65.9      44.0      47.5
   Hispanic                  21.7      58.4      65.1      49.6      50.5

 Population Density
   Large Metro               28.3      67.0      76.2      56.6      59.4
   Small Metro               32.4      74.3      73.9      60.5      62.3
   Nonmetro                  30.7      70.0      61.7      53.7      55.2

 Region
   Northeast                 33.5      76.1      78.9      65.0      66.0
   North Central             33.4      78.2      74.8      62.6      64.8
   South                     25.7      64.3      58.3      42.8      47.1
   West                      34.6      68.9      72.4      67.6      64.9

 Adult Education
   Less than high school      N/A      61.1      62.9      34.0      41.5
   High school graduate       N/A      71.1      65.9      60.7      64.2
   Some college               N/A      74.9      75.8      71.0      73.2
   College graduate           N/A      82.6      74.7      76.0      76.4

 Current Employment
   Full-time                 63.0      76.3      74.2      69.9      72.2
   Part-time                 38.7      66.0      71.3      60.6      58.2
   Unemployed                53.4      70.8      62.8      54.4      62.0
   Other                     23.2      59.8      54.7      41.4      40.2
 --------------------------------------------------------------------------
 Source: NIDA, National Household Survey on Drug Abuse: Main Findings 1985.
         DHHS Pub. No. (ADM)88-1586, 1988.

 (Entered: 10/88)

 NIDA Survey: % Rep. Alcohol Use in Life/Past Yr/Past Mo. by Age'85

 NIDA Household Survey:  Percent Reporting Alcohol Use in Lifetime, Past
 Year, and Past Month by Age, 1985

 --------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                       Past          Past
 Age               Unweighted N        Lifetime        Year         Month
 --------------------------------------------------------------------------

 Total                8,038              86.1          73.4          59.1

 12-17 Years Old                         55.5          51.7          31.0
   12-13                686              27.5          24.2          10.8
   14-15                811              61.0          57.0          34.7
   16-17                749              75.8          71.8          45.9

 18-25 Years Old                         92.6          87.2          71.4
   18-21                844              90.6          84.9          65.6
   22-25                969              94.3          89.2          76.4

 26-34 Years Old                         93.1          84.0          70.0
   26-29                990              94.8          86.3          70.5
   30-34              1,176              91.8          82.2          69.6

 35 Years and Older                      88.0          69.9          57.3
   35-39                324              93.4          82.8          70.1
   40-44                208              90.8          77.3          66.6
   45-49                178              95.7          81.4          70.9
   50+                1,103              84.0          61.5          48.0
 --------------------------------------------------------------------------
 Source: NIDA, National Household Survey on Drug Abuse: Main Findings 1985.
         DHHS Pub. No. (ADM)88-1586, 1988.

 (Entered: 10/88)

 NIDA Survey: % Rep. Alcohol Use by Age Group/Race/Ethnicity/Sex'85

 NIDA Household Survey:  Percent Reporting Alcohol Use in Lifetime, Past
 Year, and Past Month by Age Group, Race/Ethnicity, and Sex, 1985

 --------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                          Age Group (Years)
 Race/Ethnicity            ----------------------------------------------
   and Sex                 12-17     18-25     26-34      35+      Total
 --------------------------------------------------------------------------

 Unweighted Ns
  White Male                523       368       458       453      1,802
  Black Male                271       184       183       135        773
  Hispanic Male             317       236       206       125        884

  White Female              470       426       624       627      2,147
  Black Female              319       277       316       260      1,172
  Hispanic Female           310       292       328       182      1,112

 Used Alcohol in Lifetime
  White Male               61.6      96.4      97.5      96.0       92.5
  Black Male               44.1      81.5      88.6      92.4       81.3
  Hispanic Male            49.8      87.7      92.2      90.5       84.0

  White Female             59.6      95.9      93.3      84.6       85.5
  Black Female             33.5      78.3      84.6      69.5       69.1
  Hispanic Female          38.5      74.4      78.2      58.8       62.8

 Used Alcohol in Past Year
  White Male               57.1      92.8      89.5      77.7       80.2
  Black Male               37.7      76.2      82.3      67.1       67.0
  Hispanic Male            45.4      84.8      87.8      75.9       75.7

  White Female             57.1      89.6      82.6      67.4       72.6
  Black Female             29.6      70.4      73.5      42.7       52.3
  Hispanic Female          36.3      66.6      67.7      45.5       52.8

 Used Alcohol in Past Month
  White Male               36.1      81.0      80.1      69.0       69.5
  Black Male               23.8      66.8      77.3      56.5       57.3
  Hispanic Male            26.0      73.8      82.0      67.1       65.6

  White Female             32.3      70.3      64.4      51.1       54.7
  Black Female             17.9      49.2      55.9      34.4       39.2
  Hispanic Female          17.6      42.1      48.1      34.2       36.1
 --------------------------------------------------------------------------
 Source: NIDA, National Household Survey on Drug Abuse: Main Findings 1985.
         DHHS Pub. No. (ADM)88-1586, 1988.

 (Entered: 10/88)

 NIDA Survey: % Dist. of Alcohol Use-Past Month by Demographics,'85

 NIDA Household Survey:  Percent Distribution of Days of Alcohol Use in
 Past Month by Demographic Characteristics *

 --------------------------------------------------------------------------
 Demographic                            1-4           5-19          20-30
 Characteristic           None          Days          Days          Days
 --------------------------------------------------------------------------

 Total                    41.8          30.3          18.3           9.5

 Age Group
  12-17 Years             70.7          21.4           7.0           1.0
  18-25 Years             29.3          39.9          25.1           5.6
  26-34 Years             30.5          35.4          22.8          11.2
  35+ Years               43.8          27.3          16.9          12.0

 Sex
  Male                    33.0          29.4          23.1          14.5
  Female                  49.9          31.1          13.9           5.0

 Race/Ethnicity
  White                   39.0          30.6          19.8          10.6
  Black                   54.6          27.9          12.0           5.5
  Hispanic                51.7          30.5          13.3           4.5

 Population Density
  Large Metro             42.0          33.7          15.6           8.7
  Small Metro             38.6          30.7          20.0          10.7
  Nonmetro                45.5          28.4          17.5           8.6

 Region
  Northeast               34.9          31.9          21.1          12.1
  North Central           36.0          34.3          20.2           9.5
  South                   54.0          26.0          13.7           6.2
  West                    35.8          31.4          20.6          12.1

 Adult Education **
  Less then high school   60.2          24.2          11.0           4.6
  High school graduate    36.6          35.3          17.8          10.2
  Some college            27.4          37.1          21.4          14.0
  College graduate        23.9          27.4          33.0          15.6

 Current Employment
  Full-time               28.5          34.1          24.9          12.5
  Part-time               42.2          32.2          18.2           7.3
  Unemployed              39.4          35.2          16.5           8.9
  Other                   61.1          23.4           9.2           6.3
 --------------------------------------------------------------------------
 * Due to rounding, row percents may not total 100.0.  The percents for
   "None" differ slightly from those that may be inferred from table I-B-16
   because of missing data for some past month users on number of days
   used.

 **  Respondents age 12-17 are not included in "Adult Education."

 Source: NIDA, National Household Survey on Drug Abuse: Main Findings 1985.
         DHHS Pub. No. (ADM)88-1586, 1988.

 (Entered: 10/88)

 NIDA Survey: # Days in Past Month Respondent Consumed >5 Drinks'85

 NIDA Household Survey: Percent Distribution of Number of Days During
 Past Month Respondent Consumed 5 or More Drinks on the Same Occasion
 by Demographic Characteristics, 1985 *

 ------------------------------------------------------------
 Demographic                             1-4           5-30
 Characteristic            None          Days          Days
 ------------------------------------------------------------

 Total                     79.5          14.1           6.5

 Age Group
   12-17 Years             88.4           7.8           3.8
   18-25 Years             65.1          24.4          10.5
   26-34 Years             70.2          19.9           9.9
   35+ Years               85.6           9.9           4.5

 Sex
   Male                    68.4          21.1          10.6
   Female                  89.6           7.7           2.7

 Race/Ethnicity
   White                   78.5          14.8           6.8
   Black                   85.3           9.8           4.9
   Hispanic                78.5          15.0           6.5

 Population Density
   Large Metro             78.2          15.4           6.4
   Small Metro             78.5          14.9           6.6
   Nonmetro                81.2          12.4           6.4

 Region
   Northeast               73.9          18.9           7.2
   North Central           77.4          14.3           8.3
   South                   85.3          10.2           4.5
   West                    78.8          14.4           6.8

 Adult Education
   Less then high school   84.3          10.6           5.2
   High school graduate    77.0          15.1           7.9
   Some college            76.3          15.5           8.3
   College graduate        75.2          19.4           5.4

 Current Employment
   Full-time               71.0          20.1           8.9
   Part-time               82.5          11.9           5.6
   Unemployed              71.4          19.9           8.7
   Other                   91.6           5.4           3.0
 ------------------------------------------------------------
 *  Due to rounding, row percents may not total 100.0.

 Source: NIDA, National Household Survey on Drug Abuse: Main Findings 1985.
         DHHS. Pub. No. (ADM)88-1586, 1988.

 (Entered: 10/88)

 NIDA Survey: % Rep. Use Selected Drugs/Alcohol Use Past Month, '85

 NIDA Household Survey: Percent Reporting Use of Selected Drugs in Past
 Month by Age Group and Alcohol Use in Past Month, 1985

 ------------------------------------------------------------
                               Alcohol Use
                              in Past Month
 Drugs Used               ---------------------
 in Past Month              No            Yes          Total
 ------------------------------------------------------------

 Total                     40.9          59.1

 12-17 Years Old           69.0          31.0

   Cigarettes               5.9          36.4          15.3
   Marijuana                2.8          32.3          12.0
   Nonmedical Use of
    Any Psychotherapeutic   0.7           8.3           3.0
   Cocaine                   *            4.7           1.5

 18-25 Years Old           28.6          71.4

  Cigarettes              22.1          42.8          36.8
  Marijuana                5.1          28.4          21.8
  Nonmedical Use of
   Any Psychotherapeutic   1.3           8.3           6.3
  Cocaine                  2.0           9.9           7.6

 26-34 Years Old           30.0          70.0

   Cigarettes              25.3          46.8          40.3
   Marijuana                3.3          22.7          16.9
   Nonmedical Use of
    Any Psychotherapeutic   1.2           7.1           5.3
   Cocaine                   *            8.7           6.1

 35 Years and Older        42.7          57.3

   Cigarettes              22.3          36.0          30.1
   Marijuana                1.2           3.1           2.3
   Nonmedical Use of
    Any Psychtherapeutic    1.2           1.8           1.5
   Cocaine                   *            0.9           0.5
 ------------------------------------------------------------
 *  Less than one-half of one percent.

 Source: NIDA, National Household Survey on Drug Abuse: Main Findings 1985.
         DHHS Pub. No. (ADM)88-1586, 1988.

 (Entered: 10/88)

 NIDA Survey: % Rep. Alcohol Use in Lifetime by Age/Demographics'88

 NIDA Household Survey: Percent Reporting Alcohol Use in Their Lifetime by
 Age Group and Demographic Characteristics, 1988

 --------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                         Age Group (Years)
                        ---------------------------------------------------
 Demographic
 Characteristic           12-17      18-25      26-34      35+        Total
 --------------------------------------------------------------------------
 Total                    50.2       90.3       93.3       87.0       85.0


 Sex
   Male                   53.4       91.6       95.0       94.2       89.5
   Female                 46.8       89.1       91.6       80.8       80.8


 Race/Ethnicity
   White                  53.7       93.4       94.4       88.0       86.8
   Black                  36.6       79.3       88.6       82.9       77.0
   Hispanic               47.1       83.2       90.7       81.9       79.3


 Region
   Northeast              53.9       91.2       93.7       91.4       88.2
   Northcentral           53.6       94.1       96.4       86.8       85.9
   South                  46.5       85.8       92.0       83.1       81.3
   West                   49.3       93.7       91.5       89.7       87.3
 --------------------------------------------------------------------------
 Source:  NIDA, National Household Survey on Drug Abuse 1988
          Population Estimates.  DHHS Pub. No. (ADM) 89-1636, 1989.

 (Entered:  10/89)

 NIDA Survey: % Rep. Alcohol Use Last Year by Age/Demographics, '88

 NIDA Household Survey: Percent Reporting Alcohol Use in the Last Year by
 Age Group and Demographic Characteristics, 1988

 --------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                         Age Group (Years)
                               --------------------------------------------
 Demographic
 Characteristic         12-17       18-25       26-34       35+       Total
 --------------------------------------------------------------------------
 Total                   44.6        81.7        80.5      64.4        68.1


 Sex
   Male                  47.7        85.5        83.4      71.4        73.3
   Female                41.3        78.1        77.7      58.4        63.3


 Race/Ethnicity
   White                 48.3        85.5        82.6      66.1        70.3
   Black                 28.4        68.6        70.5      52.9        56.0
   Hispanic              42.5        73.7        77.5      57.4        63.4


 Region
   Northeast             49.5        84.4        85.8      67.4        71.3
   Northcentral          46.8        88.7        87.0      67.6        72.0
   South                 40.7        73.2        74.2      56.5        60.8
   West                  44.5        87.7        79.9      72.1        73.9
 --------------------------------------------------------------------------
 Source:  NIDA, National Household Survey on Drug Abuse 1988
          Population Estimates.  DHHS Pub. No. (ADM) 89-1636, 1989.

 (Entered:  10/89)

 NIDA Survey: % Rep. Alcohol Use-Past Month by Age/Demographic, '88

 NIDA Household Survey: Percent Reporting Alcohol Use in the Past Month by
 Age Group and Demographic Characteristics, 1988

 ------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                        Age Group (Years)
                               ------------------------------------------
 Demographic
 Characteristic          12-17      18-25      26-34      35+      Total
 ------------------------------------------------------------------------
 Total                    25.2       65.3       64.2     51.5       53.4


 Sex
   Male                   26.8       74.5       73.9     58.6       60.6
   Female                 23.5       56.6       54.8     45.4       46.7


 Race/Ethnicity
   White                  27.4       68.8       66.2     52.7       55.1
   Black                  15.9       50.0       57.0     44.9       44.3
   Hispanic               25.4       61.4       58.8     46.0       49.2


  Region
   Northeast              30.2       70.8       68.8     58.1       59.2
   Northcentral           27.9       73.0       72.8     50.9       55.7
   South                  21.2       53.2       55.9     43.7       45.1
   West                   24.7       74.7       65.4     59.7       60.3
 ------------------------------------------------------------------------
 Source:  NIDA, National Household Survey on Drug Abuse 1988
          Population Estimates.  DHHS Pub. No. (ADM) 89-1636, 1989.

 (Entered:  10/89)

 NIDA Survey: % Rep. Alcohol Use-Lifetime/Past Yr/Past Mo by Age'88

 NIDA Household Survey: Percent Reporting Alcohol Use in Lifetime, Past
 Year, and Past Month by Age Group, 1988

 -------------------------------------------------------------------
 Age (Years)                  Lifetime     Past Year     Past Month


 Total                            85.0          68.1           53.4
 12-17                            50.2          44.6           25.2
 18-25                            90.3          81.7           65.3
 26-34                            93.0          80.5           64.2
 35+                              87.0          64.4           51.5
 -------------------------------------------------------------------
 Source:  NIDA, National Household Survey on Drug Abuse 1988
          Population Estimates.  DHHS Pub. No. (ADM) 89-1636, 1989.

 (Entered:  10/89)

 NIDA Survey: % Rep. Alcohol Use >12-Past Yr by Age/Demographics'88

 NIDA Household Survey: Percent Reporting Alcohol Use 12 or More Times in
 the Past Year by Age Group and Demographic Characteristics, 1988

 -------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                   Age Group (Years)
                      ----------------------------------------------------
 Demographic
 Characteristics      12-17       18-25       26-34       35+       Total
 -------------------------------------------------------------------------
 Total                 18.6        56.6        53.1      42.7        44.3


 Sex
   Male                19.9        65.1        65.5      53.4        54.0
   Female              17.3        48.5        41.1      33.3        35.5


 Race
   White               21.0        59.8        55.1      43.8        46.1
   Black               11.4        45.8        45.4      34.7        35.7
   Hispanic            15.6        46.7        46.6      37.5        38.4


 Region
   Northeast           21.0        59.2        59.7      47.6        48.9
   Northcentral        21.0        66.6        56.0      42.6        46.2
   South               16.9        47.3        46.9      35.3        37.5
   West                16.3        60.5        55.4      51.0        50.5
 -------------------------------------------------------------------------
 Source:  NIDA, National Household Survey on Drug Abuse 1988 Population
          Estimates.  DHHS Pub. No. (ADM) 89-1636, 1989.

 (Entered:  10/89)

 NIDA Survey: % Rep. Alcohol Use >=Weekly-Past Yr by Age/Demo., '88

 NIDA Household Survey: Percent Reporting Alcohol Use Once a Week or More
 in the Past Year by Age Group and Demographic Characteristics, 1988

 -------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                   Age Group (Years)
                      ----------------------------------------------------
 Demographic
 Characteristics      12-17       18-25       26-34       35+       Total
 -------------------------------------------------------------------------
 Total                 5.7         26.2        28.1      25.1        23.9


 Sex
   Male                7.7         37.5        41.2      36.7        34.5
   Female              3.7         15.5        15.5      15.0        14.1


 Race
   White               6.1         26.6        29.0      26.0         24.8
   Black               4.7         22.9        27.0      20.5         20.1
   Hispanic            5.9         25.1        21.3      20.1         19.4


 Region
   Northeast           7.4         24.3        30.8      27.2         25.6
   Northcentral        5.3         32.3        28.1      23.9         23.8
   South               5.1         19.6        26.4      21.8         20.6
   West                5.9         33.7        29.1      30.3         28.5
 -------------------------------------------------------------------------
 Source:  NIDA, National Household Survey on Drug Abuse 1988 Population
          Estimates.  DHHS Pub. No. (ADM) 89-1636, 1989.

 (Entered:  10/89)

 Percent Who Drink Alcohol, by Sex, 1939-1988

 ----------------------------------------------------
 YEAR       BOTH SEXES      MEN        WOMEN
 ----------------------------------------------------
 1988           63           77           56
 1987           65           72           57
 1985           67           72           62
 1984           64           73           57
 1983           65           71           58

 1982           65           69           61
 1981           70           75           66
 1979           69           74           64
 1978           71           75           64
 1977           71           77           65

 1976           71           NA           NA
 1974           68           77           61
 1969           64           NA           NA
 1966           65           70           61
 1964           63           NA           NA

 1960           62           NA           NA
 1958           55           66           45
 1957           58           67           50
 1956           60           NA           NA
 1952           60           68           53

 1951           59           70           46
 1950           60           NA           NA
 1949           58           66           49
 1947           63           72           54
 1946           67           NA           NA
 1945           67           75           60
 1939           58           70           45
 ----------------------------------------------------
 Note:  NA = No data available.

 Question:  Do you have occasion to use alcoholic
            beverages such as liquor, wine, or beer or are you
            a total abstainer?

 Source:  The Gallup Poll. September 7, 1988.
          The Gallup Report No. 265, October 1987.

 (Entered  6/90)


PROJECTIONS OF ALCOHOL ABUSE (ALCABU)

 # of Alcoholics & Alcohol Abusers in U.S. Resident Population,1985

 Estimated Numbers of Alcohol Abusers, Alcoholics, and Alcohol Abusers and
 Alcoholics Combined, in the U.S. Resident, Non-institutionalized
 Population, 1985

 --------------------------------------------------------------------------
                             Alcohol                       Alcohol Abusers
 Sex and Age                 Abusers *      Alcoholics **   and Alcoholics
 --------------------------------------------------------------------------
 Both Sexes

  18 Years and Older        7,183,162       10,459,153        17,642,315

  18-20 Years                 963,113        1,143,207         2,106,320
  21-34 Years               4,406,706        4,802,095         9,208,801
  35-49 Years               1,092,820        3,172,278         4,265,097
  50-64 Years                 580,406          985,892         1,566,299
  65 Years and Older          140,117          355,681           495,798

 Male

  18 Years and Older        4,746,888        7,148,210        11,895,099

  18-20 Years                 617,303          828,173         1,445,476
  21-34 Years               2,621,241        3,429,336         6,050,577
  35-49 Years                 884,853        1,875,804         2,760,657
  50-64 Years                 483,374          710,390         1,193,765
  65 Years and Older          140,117          304,507           444,624

 Female

  18 Years and Older        2,436,274        3,310,943         5,747,216
  18-20 Years                 345,810          315,034           660,884
  21-34 Years               1,785,465        1,372,759         3,158,224
  35-49 Years                 207,967        1,296,474         1,504,440
  50-64 Years                  97,032          275,502           372,534
  65 Years and Older                0           51,174            51,174
 --------------------------------------------------------------------------
 *   Alcohol abusers:  drinkers who during the past year experienced at
     least one severe or moderately severe consequence of alcohol abuse,
     such as job loss, arrest or illness.

 **  Alcoholics:  drinkers who during the past year experienced one or more
     symptoms of alcohol dependence.  To be counted as alcoholic, a
     respondent either had to report at least one symptom of alcohol
     withdrawal, or at least one symptom of loss of control plus one other
     symptom of dependence, excluding withdrawal.

 Source:  Williams, G., et al.  ALCOHOL HEALTH AND RESEARCH WORLD; Vol. XI,
          No. 3, Spring 1987:  "Epidemiologic Bulletin No. 15:  Demographic
          Trends, Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism, 1985-1995."  Rockville, MD:
          National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism, National
          Clearinghouse for Alcohol Information (Spring 1987).

 (Entered: 9/87)

 # of Alcoholics & Alcohol Abusers in U.S. Resident Population,1990

 Estimated Numbers of Alcohol Abusers, Alcoholics, and Alcohol Abusers and
 Alcoholics Combined, in the U.S. Resident, Non-institutionalized
 Population, 1990

 --------------------------------------------------------------------------
                          Alcohol                       Alcohol Abusers
 Sex and Age              Abusers *      Alcoholics **   and Alcoholics
 --------------------------------------------------------------------------
 Both Sexes

  18 Years and Older     7,306,319       10,980,363        18,286,683

  18-20 Years              924,103        1,097,264         2,021,366
  21-34 Years            4,354,436        4,748,969         9,103,406
  35-49 Years            1,300,712        3,770,083         5,070,795
  50-64 Years              572,700          971,941         1,544,641
  65 Years and Older       154,369          392,106           546,475

 Male

  18 Years and Older     4,876,912        7,466,645        12,343,558

  18-20 Years              593,140          795,756         1,388,896
  21-34 Years            2,597,256        3,397,957         5,955,214
  35-49 Years            1,054,562        2,235,570         3,290,132
  50-64 Years              477,585          710,882         1,179,467
  65 Years and Older       154,369          335,480           489,849

 Female

  18 Years and Older     2,429,407        3,513,718         5,943,126

  18-20 Years              330,962          301,508           632,470
  21-34 Years            1,757,180        1,351,012         3,108,192
  35-49 Years              246,150        1,534,513         1,780,663
  50-64 Years               95,115          270,059           365,174
  65 Years and Older             0           56,626            56,626
 --------------------------------------------------------------------------
 *Alcohol abusers:  drinkers who during the past year experienced at least
  one severe or moderately severe consequence of alcohol abuse, such as job
  loss, arrest or illness.

 **Alcoholics:  drinkers who during the past year experienced one or more
   symptoms of alcohol dependence.  To be counted as alcoholic, a
   respondent either had to report at least one symptom of alcohol
   withdrawal, or at least one symptom of loss of control plus one other
   symptom of dependence, excluding withdrawal.

 Source: Williams, G., et al.  ALCOHOL HEALTH AND RESEARCH WORLD; Vol. XI,
         No. 3, Spring 1987:  "Epidemiologic Bulletin No. 15:  Demographic
         Trends, Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism, 1985-1995."  Rockville, MD:
         National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism, National
         Clearinghouse for Alcohol Information (Spring 1987).

 (Entered: 9/87)

 # of Alcoholics & Alcohol Abusers in U.S. Resident Population,1995

 Estimated Numbers of Alcohol Abusers, Alcoholics, and Alcohol Abusers and
 Alcoholics Combined, in the U.S. Resident, Non-institutionalized
 Population, 1995

 --------------------------------------------------------------------------
                             Alcohol                       Alcohol Abusers
 Sex and Age                 Abusers *      Alcoholics **   and Alcoholics
 --------------------------------------------------------------------------
 Both Sexes

  18 Years and Older        7,165,338       11,212,961        18,378,299

  18-20 Years                 826,312          980,975         1,807,288
  21-34 Years               4,059,654        4,430,091         8,489,745
  35-49 Years               1,501,999        4,345,541         5,847,540
  50-64 Years                 613,565        1,039,983         1,653,549
  65 Years and Older          163,807          416,371           580,177

 Male

  18 Years and Older        4,852,364        7,580,263        12,432,627

  18-20 Years                 529,970          711,007         1,240,978
  21-34 Years               2,426,273        3,174,262         5,600,535
  35-49 Years               1,219,693        2,585,632         3,805,325
  50-64 Years                 512,621          753,372         1,265,993
  65 Years and Older          163,807          355,990           519,796

 Female

  18 Years and Older        2,312,974        3,632,698         5,945,672

  18-20 Years                 296,342          269,968           566,310
  21-34 Years               1,633,381        1,255,829         2,889,210
  35-49 Years                 282,306        1,759,909         2,042,215
  50-64 Years                 100,945          286,611           387,556
  65 Years and Older                0           60,381            60,381
 --------------------------------------------------------------------------
 *Alcohol abusers:  drinkers who during the past year experienced at least
  one severe or moderately severe consequence of alcohol abuse, such as job
  loss, arrest or illness.

 **Alcoholics:  drinkers who during the past year experienced one or more
   symptoms of alcohol dependence.  To be counted as alcoholic, a
   respondent either had to report at least one symptom of alcohol
   withdrawal, or at    least one symptom of loss of control plus one other
   symptom of dependence, excluding withdrawal.

 Source: Williams, G., et al.  ALCOHOL HEALTH AND RESEARCH WORLD; Vol. XI,
         No. 3, Spring 1987:  "Epidemiologic Bulletin No. 15:  Demographic
         Trends, Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism, 1985-1995."  Rockville, MD:
         National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism, National
         Clearinghouse for Alcohol Information (Spring 1987).

 (Entered: 9/87)


MORTALITY FROM CIRRHOSIS OF THE LIVER (CIRRMO)

 Deaths From Liver Cirrhosis by Race, Sex, and Age, U.S., 1970-86

 -------------------------------------------------------------------------
 Race, Sex  Total*  0-24   25-34  35-44  45-54  55-64  65-74  75-84   85+
  and Year          Years  Years  Years  Years  Years  Years  Years  Years
 -------------------------------------------------------------------------

 All Races - Both Sexes
   1986     26,310    109  1,186  3,207  4,646  7,203  6,494  2,877    588
   1985     26,927    100  1,250  3,126  4,995  7,586  6,410  2,907    553
   1984     27,468    126  1,168  3,084  5,244  7,856  6,609  2,880    494
   1983     27,414    121  1,210  2,967  5,461  8,097  6,377  2,693    479
   1982     27,838    147  1,204  3,021  5,726  8,194  6,501  2,591    447
   1981     29,451    160  1,196  3,247  6,413  8,661  6,772  2,492    501
   1980     30,730    180  1,293  3,498  7,077  9,081  6,738  2,389    459

   1979     29,851    155  1,229  3,502  7,142  8,810  6,437  2,166    400
   1978     30,066    178  1,180  3,506  7,453  8,996  6,209  2,132    397
   1977     30,848    195  1,259  3,594  7,905  9,261  6,208  2,062    352
   1976     31,453    183  1,172  3,886  8,263  9,558  6,040  1,985    353
   1975     31,623    215  1,169  3,808  8,547  9,688  5,942  1,930    318
   1974     33,319    227  1,257  4,237  9,205  9,926  6,208  1,929    322
   1973     33,350    222  1,201  4,412  9,305 10,114  5,898  1,865    325
 a 1972     32,576    202  1,174  4,614  9,206  9,606  5,556  1,896    316
   1971     31,808    266  1,088  4,412  9,040  9,414  5,352  1,901    324
   1970     31,399    259  1,100  4,522  8,898  9,168  5,246  1,893    306

 All Races - Male
   1986     16,886     61    797  2,296  3,213  4,745  3,994  1,509    271
   1985     17,345     62    832  2,217  3,431  5,113  3,943  1,513    234
   1984     17,662     76    797  2,184  3,571  5,194  4,084  1,523    227
   1983     17,628     55    820  2,069  3,686  5,309  4,028  1,448    206
   1982     18,004     80    821  2,102  3,936  5,393  4,095  1,360    211
   1981     18,978     84    820  2,222  4,264  5,694  4,265  1,380    244
   1980     19,866    101    868  2,339  4,725  6,012  4,276  1,307    225

   1979     19,455     90    851  2,371  4,740  5,832  4,164  1,205    193
   1978     19,693    100    795  2,340  4,851  6,018  4,134  1,240    204
   1977     20,167    108    853  2,367  5,240  6,236  3,969  1,212    175
   1976     20,668    106    790  2,566  5,474  6,426  3,976  1,141    180
   1975     20,830    109    793  2,527  5,630  6,436  4,000  1,164    168
   1974     21,806    128    804  2,711  6,027  6,581  4,214  1,170    164
   1973     21,782    118    785  2,827  5,986  6,791  3,973  1,115    181
 a 1972     21,422     94    716  2,980  6,050  6,532  3,736  1,126    186
   1971     20,680    124    685  2,763  5,823  6,380  3,578  1,140    176
   1970     20,382    116    688  2,790  5,691  6,217  3,583  1,126    166

 All Races - Female
   1986      9,424     48    389    911  1,433  2,458  2,500  1,368    317
   1985      9,582     38    418    909  1,564  2,473  2,467  1,394    319
   1984      9,806     50    371    900  1,673  2,662  2,525  1,357    267
   1983      9,786     66    390    898  1,775  2,788  2,349  1,245    273
   1982      9,834     67    383    919  1,790  2,801  2,406  1,231    236
   1981     10,473     76    376  1,025  2,149  2,967  2,507  1,112    257
   1980     10,864     79    425  1,159  2,352  3,069  2,462  1,082    234

   1979     10,396     65    378  1,131  2,402  2,978  2,273    961    207
   1978     10,373     78    385  1,166  2,602  2,978  2,075    892    193
   1977     10,681     87    406  1,227  2,665  3,025  2,239    850    177
   1976     10,785     77    382  1,320  2,789  3,132  2,064    844    173
   1975     10,793    106    376  1,281  2,917  3,252  1,942    766    150
   1974     11,513     99    453  1,526  3,178  3,345  1,994    759    158
   1973     11,568    104    416  1,585  3,319  3,323  1,925    750    144
 a 1972     11,154    108    458  1,634  3,156  3,074  1,820    770    130
   1971     11,128    142    403  1,649  3,217  3,034  1,774    761    148
   1970     11,017    143    412  1,732  3,207  2,951  1,663    767    140

 -------------------------------------------------------------------------
 Race, Sex  Total*  0-24   25-34  35-44  45-54  55-64  65-74  75-84   85+
  and Year          Years  Years  Years  Years  Years  Years  Years  Years
 -------------------------------------------------------------------------

 White - Both Sexes
   1986     22,043     76    734  2,226  3,624  6,238  5,909  2,680    556
   1985     22,324     74    779  2,087  3,876  6,506  5,702  2,702    512
   1984     23,043     86    707  2,130  4,168  6,780  6,016  2,682    471
   1983     23,056     75    752  2,038  4,348  7,018  5,803  2,549    465
   1982     23,533     93    731  2,111  4,576  7,189  5,973  2,431    424
   1981     24,594    112    705  2,186  5,062  7,556  6,154  2,336    476
   1980     25,368    116    724  2,308  5,557  7,851  6,124  2,243    446

   1979     24,752    109    699  2,387  5,626  7,663  5,861  2,022    377
   1978     24,877    115    649  2,322  5,945  7,807  5,646  2,007    375
   1977     25,448    115    680  2,405  6,225  8,042  5,716  1,921    335
   1976     26,054    105    627  2,591  6,620  8,354  5,526  1,883    341
   1975     26,329    144    605  2,590  6,941  8,494  5,437  1,820    294
   1974     27,743    154    672  2,876  7,424  8,743  5,744  1,819    307
   1973     27,816    136    644  2,986  7,575  8,980  5,431  1,757    305
 a 1972     27,138    124    586  3,146  7,510  8,596  5,070  1,806    296
   1971     26,890    179    581  3,071  7,506  8,477  4,952  1,809    305
   1970     26,464    186    533  3,090  7,433  8,246  4,867  1,806    298

 White - Male
   1986     14,174     43    521  1,633  2,543  4,130  3,656  1,396    252
   1985     14,402     44    554  1,513  2,688  4,403  3,571  1,416    213
   1984     14,874     54    522  1,556  2,846  4,535  3,726  1,416    216
   1983     14,910     39    548  1,466  2,970  4,632  3,677  1,370    202
   1982     15,323     55    539  1,518  3,187  4,754  3,790  1,271    204
   1981     15,946     62    527  1,534  3,394  5,002  3,900  1,292    232
   1980     16,492     75    520  1,574  3,745  5,236  3,897  1,226    212

   1979     16,178     60    518  1,660  3,744  5,082  3,803  1,127    177
   1978     16,413     67    461  1,579  3,923  5,249  3,775  1,163    187
   1977     16,727     69    495  1,623  4,160  5,426  3,653  1,130    167
   1976     17,221     65    441  1,762  4,418  5,618  3,650  1,086    174
   1975     17,458     72    435  1,789  4,591  5,650  3,672  1,090    157
   1974     18,322     92    449  1,880  4,913  5,820  3,905  1,102    157
   1973     18,372     67    449  1,963  4,943  6,061  3,676  1,049    162
 a 1972     17,964     56    392  2,102  4,932  5,846  3,400  1,062    172
   1971     17,672     78    389  1,982  4,887  5,773  3,306  1,081    166
   1970     17,389     84    361  1,969  4,775  5,622  3,335  1,078    161

 White - Female
   1986      7,869     33    213    593  1,081  2,108  2,253  1,284    304
   1985      7,922     30    225    574  1,188  2,103  2,217  1,286    299
   1984      8,169     32    185    574  1,322  2,245  2,290  1,266    255
   1983      8,146     36    204    572  1,378  2,386  2,126  1,179    263
   1982      8,210     38    192    593  1,389  2,435  2,183  1,160    220
   1981      8,648     50    178    652  1,668  2,554  2,254  1,044    244
   1980      8,876     41    204    734  1,812  2,615  2,227  1,017    224

   1979      8,574     49    181    727  1,882  2,581  2,058    895    200
   1978      8,464     48    188    743  2,022  2,558  1,871    844    188
   1977      8,721     46    185    782  2,065  2,616  2,063    791    168
   1976      8,833     40    186    829  2,202  2,736  1,876    797    167
   1975      8,871     72    170    801  2,350  2,844  1,765    730    137
   1974      9,421     62    223    996  2,511  2,923  1,839    717    150
   1973      9,444     69    195  1,023  2,632  2,919  1,755    708    143
 a 1972      9,174     68    194  1,044  2,578  2,750  1,670    744    124
   1971      9,218    101    192  1,089  2,619  2,704  1,646    728    139
   1970      9,075    102    172  1,121  2,658  2,624  1,532    728    137

 -------------------------------------------------------------------------
 Race, Sex  Total*  0-24   25-34  35-44  45-54  55-64  65-74  75-84   85+
  and Year          Years  Years  Years  Years  Years  Years  Years  Years
 -------------------------------------------------------------------------

 Nonwhite - Both Sexes
   1986      4,267     33    452    981  1,022    965    585    197     32
   1985      4,603     26    471  1,039  1,119  1,080    622    205     41
   1984      4,425     40    461    954  1,076  1,076    593    198     23
   1983      4,358     46    458    929  1,113  1,079    574    144     14
   1982      4,305     54    473    910  1,150  1,005    528    160     23
   1981      4,857     48    491  1,061  1,351  1,105    618    156     25
   1980      5,362     64    569  1,190  1,520  1,230    614    146     23

   1979      5,099     46    530  1,115  1,516  1,147    576    144     23
   1978      5,189     63    531  1,184  1,508  1,189    563    125     22
   1977      5,400     80    579  1,189  1,680  1,219    492    141     17
   1976      5,399     78    545  1,295  1,643  1,204    514    102     12
   1975      5,294     71    564  1,218  1,606  1,194    505    110     24
   1974      5,576     73    585  1,361  1,781  1,183    464    110     15
   1973      5,534     86    557  1,426  1,730  1,134    467    108     20
 a 1972      5,438     78    588  1,468  1,696  1,010    486     90     20
   1971      4,918     87    507  1,341  1,534    937    400     92     19
   1970      4,935     73    567  1,432  1,465    922    379     87      8

 Nonwhite - Male
   1986      2,712     18    276    663    670    615    338    113     19
   1985      2,943     18    278    704    743    710    372     97     21
   1984      2,788     22    275    628    725    659    358    107     11
   1983      2,718     16    272    603    716    677    351     78      4
   1982      2,681     25    282    584    749    639    305     89      7
   1981      3,032     22    293    688    870    692    365     88     12
   1980      3,374     26    348    765    980    776    379     81     13

   1979      3,277     30    333    711    996    750    361     78     16
   1978      3,280     33    334    761    928    769    359     77     17
   1977      3,440     39    358    744  1,080    810    316     82      8
   1976      3,447     41    349    804  1,056    808    326     55      6
   1975      3,372     37    358    738  1,039    786    328     74     11
   1974      3,484     36    355    831  1,114    761    309     68      7
   1973      3,410     51    336    864  1,043    730    297     66     19
 a 1972      3,458     38    324    878  1,118    686    336     64     14
   1971      3,008     46    296    781    936    607    272     59     10
   1970      2,993     32    327    821    916    595    248     48      5

 Nonwhite - Female
   1986      1,555     15    176    318    352    350    247     84     13
   1985      1,660      8    193    335    376    370    250    108     20
   1984      1,637     18    186    326    351    417    235     91     12
   1983      1,640     30    186    326    397    402    223     66     10
   1982      1,624     29    191    326    401    366    223     71     16
   1981      1,825     26    198    373    481    413    253     68     13
   1980      1,988     38    221    425    540    454    235     65     10

   1979      1,822     16    197    404    520    397    215     66      7
   1978      1,909     30    197    423    580    420    204     48      5
   1977      1,960     41    221    445    600    409    176     59      9
   1976      1,952     37    196    491    587    396    188     47      6
   1975      1,922     34    206    480    567    408    177     36     13
   1974      2,092     37    230    530    667    422    155     42      8
   1973      2,124     35    221    562    687    404    170     42      1
 a 1972      1,980     40    264    590    578    324    150     26      6
   1971      1,910     41    211    560    598    330    128     33      9
   1970      1,942     41    240    611    549    327    131     39      3
 -------------------------------------------------------------------------
 * Figures for age not stated in "Total" but not distributed among age
   groups.

 a Deaths based on a 50 percent sample.

 Source:  Alcohol Epidemiologic Data System.  Grant, B.F., Zobeck, T.S.,
          and Freel, C.G.:  SURVEILLANCE REPORT #5:  LIVER CIRRHOSIS
          MORTALITY IN THE UNITED STATES, 1970-84.  Rockville, MD:
          National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism, Division
          of Biometry and Epidemiology (July 1987).
   and
          Alcohol Epidemiologic Data System.  Grant, B.F., Zobeck, T.S.,
          and Ng, M-J.C.  SURVEILLANCE REPORT #11:  LIVER CIRRHOSIS
          MORTALITY IN THE UNITED STATES, 1972-86.  Rockville, MD: National
          Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism, Division of Biometry
          and Epidemiology (June 1989).

 (Entered:  12/88 -- Revised 10/89)

 Age-Adjusted Death Rates for Cirrhosis by Race & Sex, 1910-86

 Age-Adjusted Death Rates for Liver Cirrhosis by Race and Sex:  Death
 Registration States, 1910-32, and United States, 1933-86
 (Rates per 100,000 population.  Computed by the direct method, using as
 the standard population the age distribution of the total population of
 the United States as enumerated in 1940.)

 -------------------------------------------------------------------------
                   All Races             White               Nonwhite
    Area    --------------------  -------------------  -------------------
    and       Both   Male Female   Both   Male Female   Both   Male Female
    Year     Sexes                Sexes                Sexes
 -------------------------------------------------------------------------

 United States
   1986        9.3   13.1    5.9    8.6   12.2    5.5   13.0   18.5    8.6
   1985        9.7   13.7    6.1    8.9   12.7    5.6   14.5   20.8    9.4
   1984       10.1   14.2    6.4    9.3   13.3    5.9   14.4   20.4    9.5
   1983       10.2   14.4    6.6    9.5   13.5    6.0   14.7   20.5   10.0
   1982       10.6   14.9    6.7    9.9   14.1    6.1   14.9   20.9   10.1
   1981       11.5   16.1    7.4   10.5   14.9    6.7   17.5   24.5   11.9
   1980       12.2   17.2    7.9   11.1   15.7    7.1   20.0   28.0   13.4

   1979       12.1   17.1    7.8   11.0   15.6    7.0   19.8   28.3   12.9
   1978       12.4   17.5    7.9   11.2   16.0    7.1   20.7   29.0   13.9
   1977       13.0   18.3    8.4   11.7   16.5    7.4   22.2   31.2   14.7
   1976       13.5   19.1    8.6   12.2   17.4    7.7   22.9   32.1   15.1
   1975       13.7   19.4    8.8   12.5   17.8    7.9   22.9   31.9   15.3
   1974       14.7   20.6    9.6   13.4   18.9    8.6   24.8   33.9   17.2
   1973       15.0   20.8    9.8   13.6   19.3    8.7   25.1   33.7   17.9
 a 1972       14.9   20.8    9.6   13.5   19.1    8.6   25.3   35.0   17.1
   1971       14.6   20.2    9.7   13.5   18.9    8.7   23.3   31.0   16.8
   1970       14.6   20.2    9.8   13.4   18.8    8.7   24.0   31.5   17.5

   1969       14.1   19.4    9.5   12.9   18.0    8.4   23.3   30.5   17.1
   1968       13.9   18.9    9.4   12.8   17.7    8.5   22.3   29.0   16.5
   1967       13.4   18.2    9.1   12.5   17.2    8.3   20.1   26.4   14.6
   1966       13.0   17.7    8.7   12.0   16.7    7.9   20.0   26.0   14.7
   1965       12.1   16.4    8.3   11.4   15.6    7.6   17.8   22.9   13.2
   1964       11.4   15.5    7.8   11.0   15.0    7.3   15.1   19.3   11.2
 b 1963       11.2   15.1    7.7   10.7   14.7    7.2   13.8   16.9   10.9*
 b 1962       11.0   15.1    7.4   10.5   14.6    6.8   13.7   16.7   10.9
   1961       10.6   14.5    7.1   10.3   14.2    6.7   12.7   15.9    9.9
   1960       10.5   14.5    6.9   10.3   14.4    6.6   11.9   14.9    9.1

   1959       10.1   13.8    6.7   10.0   13.7    6.4   11.3   13.7    9.1
   1958        9.9   13.6    6.5    9.9   13.7    6.3    9.9   12.5    7.4
   1957       10.5   14.4    6.8   10.4   14.4    6.6   10.8   13.4    8.4*
   1956        9.9   13.3    6.6    9.8   13.4    6.5    9.7   11.8    7.8
   1955        9.4   12.7    6.2    9.4   12.9    6.1    8.5   10.3    6.8
   1954        9.2   12.6    6.1    9.3   12.8    6.0    8.1    9.8    6.5
   1953        9.5   12.8    6.4    9.6   13.0    6.4    8.1   10.0    6.3*
   1952        9.5   12.8    6.2    9.5   13.0    6.2    8.1   10.6    5.7*
   1951        9.1   12.1    6.2    9.2   12.3    6.2    8.1    9.9    6.3
 c 1950        8.5   11.4    5.8    8.6   11.6    5.8    7.4    9.0    5.9*

 c 1949        8.6   11.5    5.7    8.7   11.8    5.8    6.8    8.6*   5.0*
 c 1948       10.5   14.2    7.0   10.7   14.5    7.0    8.3   10.1    6.5*
 c 1947        9.7   12.9    6.6    9.9   13.2    6.7    7.3    8.7    5.9
 c 1946        9.0   12.0    6.0    9.2   12.3    6.1    6.4    8.2    4.6
 c 1945        8.6   11.5    5.8    8.8   11.8    5.9    6.9    8.5    5.4*
 c 1944        8.0   10.5    5.6    8.1   10.7    5.6    6.7    8.3*   4.9*
 c 1943        8.9   11.7    6.1    9.1   11.9    6.2    7.0    8.8    4.9*
 c 1942        9.1   12.1    6.1    9.3   12.4    6.2    6.6    8.6    4.6*
 c 1941        8.8   11.6    5.9    9.0   11.9    6.0    6.4    8.2    4.5*
 c 1940        8.6   11.5    5.6    8.7   11.7    5.6    7.1    9.2    5.0*

   1939        8.5   11.2    5.6    8.5   11.4    5.6    7.4    9.2    5.4*
   1938        8.6   11.3    5.8    8.7   11.4    5.8    7.3    9.1    5.4*
   1937        8.9   11.7    6.0    8.9   11.8    6.0    8.1   10.3    5.6*
   1936        8.8   11.6    5.9    8.7   11.5    5.8    8.8   11.3    6.0*
   1935        8.5   11.2    5.7    8.6   11.3    5.7    7.9    9.9    5.7*
   1934        8.4   10.9    5.8    8.3   10.9    5.7    8.6   10.4    6.7
   1933        8.3   10.5    6.0    8.1   10.4    5.8    9.0   10.1    7.8

 -------------------------------------------------------------------------
                   All Races             White               Nonwhite
    Area    --------------------  -------------------  -------------------
     and      Both   Male Female   Both   Male Female   Both   Male Female
    Year     Sexes                Sexes                Sexes
 -------------------------------------------------------------------------

 Death Registration States **
   1932        8.0   10.3    5.7    8.0   10.3    5.6    8.0    9.2    6.7*
   1931        8.4   10.7    5.9    8.3   10.7    5.8    8.9   10.5*   7.0*
   1930        8.3   10.5    6.0    8.1   10.4    5.8    9.5   11.3    7.6*

   1929        8.3   10.5    6.0    8.2   10.4    6.0    9.2   11.6    6.4*
   1928        8.8   11.3    6.2    8.8   11.4    6.0    8.7   10.2*   7.0
   1927        8.8   11.2    6.3    8.7   11.1    6.2    9.6   11.6    7.2*
   1926        8.6   10.9    6.1    8.5   10.8    6.0    9.6   11.8    7.1*
   1925        8.7   10.9    6.4    8.6   10.9    6.2   10.3   11.5*   8.9
   1924        8.9   11.4    6.1    8.8   11.3    6.0    9.9   12.2    7.3*
   1923        8.8   11.3    6.1    8.7   11.3    6.0    9.6   11.4    7.6*
   1922        9.2   11.7    6.7    9.2   11.7    6.6    9.2   11.1    7.1*
   1921        9.2   11.4    6.8    9.0   11.3    6.7   11.2   12.9*   9.1*
   1920        8.9   11.2    6.5    8.8   11.2    6.3    9.6   11.0*   8.1*

   1919        9.8   12.7    6.8    9.7   12.6    6.6   11.0   13.4    8.1*
   1918       11.7   15.3    7.7   11.6   15.3    7.6   12.2   15.1*   8.8*
   1917       13.4   17.5    9.0     -      -      -      -      -      -
   1916       14.5   19.1    9.5   14.6   19.3    9.6   12.1   15.1*   8.7*
   1915       14.7   19.3    9.9   14.6   19.2    9.8   16.0*  19.8*  11.4*
   1914       15.3   20.3    9.9   15.3   20.3    9.9   15.1*  20.6*   8.4*
   1913       15.9   21.0   10.5     -      -      -      -      -      -
   1912       16.2   21.4   10.6     -      -      -      -      -      -
   1911       17.0   22.2   11.3     -      -      -      -      -      -
   1910       16.4   21.3   11.3     -      -      -      -      -      -
 -------------------------------------------------------------------------
 a Deaths based on a 50 percent sample.

 b Figures by race exclude data for residents from New Jersey because this
   state did not require reporting the item for these years.

 c Based on enumerated population adjusted for age bias in the population
   of races other than white.

 * Age-adjusted rates for which more than half the age-specific rates were
   based on fewer than 20 deaths.

 ** Increased in number from 10 states and the District of Columbia in 1900
    to the entire coterminous United States in 1933.

 - Data not available.

 Source:  Alcohol Epidemiologic Data System.  Grant, B.F., Zobeck, T.S.,
          and Freel, C.G.:  SURVEILLANCE REPORT #5:  LIVER CIRRHOSIS
          MORTALITY IN THE UNITED STATES, 1970-84.  Rockville, MD:
          National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism, Division
          of Biometry and Epidemiology (July 1987).
   and
          Alcohol Epidemiologic Data System.  Grant, B.F., Zobeck, T.S.,
          and Ng, M-J.C.  SURVEILLANCE REPORT #11:  LIVER CIRRHOSIS
          MORTALITY IN THE UNITED STATES, 1972-86.  Rockville, MD: National
          Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism, Division of Biometry
          and Epidemiology (June 1989).

 (Entered:  12/88 -- Revised 10/89)

 Age-Specific Death Rates-Cirrhosis, All Races/Both Sexes, 1910-86

 Age-Specific Death Rates for Liver Cirrhosis, All Races and Both Sexes:
 Death Registration States, 1910-32, and United States, 1933-86
 (Death rates per 100,000 population residing in area for specific group)

 ------------------------------------------------------------------------
   Area     Total   25-34   35-44   45-54   55-64   65-74   75-84    85+
 and Year           Years   Years   Years   Years   Years   Years   Years
 ------------------------------------------------------------------------

 United States

   1986     10.9     2.8     9.7    20.4    32.4    37.5    31.8    21.0
   1985     11.3     3.0     9.4    22.1    34.0    37.7    33.0    20.4
   1984     11.6     2.8    10.1    23.4    35.2    39.5    33.4    18.5
   1983     11.7     3.0    10.1    24.4    36.4    38.6    32.1    18.6
   1982     12.0     3.1    10.7    25.5    37.1    40.1    31.6    18.1
   1981     12.8     3.1    12.3    28.4    39.4    42.5    31.2    21.2
   1980     13.5     3.5    13.5    31.1    41.7    43.1    30.7    20.2

   1979     13.3     3.4    13.9    31.1    41.1    42.0    28.5    18.2
   1978     13.5     3.4    14.4    32.2    42.6    41.4    28.8    19.0
   1977     14.0     3.7    15.3    33.8    44.6    42.4    28.4    17.7
   1976     14.5     3.6    16.9    35.0    46.9    42.4    27.8    18.6
   1975     14.7     3.7    16.7    36.0    48.3    42.7    27.7    17.5
   1974     15.6     4.2    18.6    38.7    50.4    45.7    28.5    18.9
   1973     15.8     4.2    19.4    39.1    52.1    44.5    28.0    20.2
 a 1972     15.6     4.3    20.3    38.9    50.0    43.0    28.9    20.5
   1971     15.4     4.2    19.3    38.5    49.7    42.2    29.8    21.8
   1970     15.4     4.4    19.6    38.2    49.1    42.0    30.6    21.4

   1969     14.8     4.3    19.0    36.7    47.2    39.8    29.5    21.5
   1968     14.6     4.2    18.1    36.8    46.1    40.3    29.6    22.7
   1967     14.1     4.0    17.1    35.1    45.2    39.7    28.1    22.5
   1966     13.6     3.8    16.6    34.1    42.9    38.4    30.5    24.2
   1965     12.8     3.5    15.0    32.2    39.8    35.7    30.5    21.5
   1964     12.1     3.3    13.9    29.8    38.0    35.6    29.9    25.3
 b 1963     11.9     3.3    12.7    30.1    36.3    36.6    29.9    26.1
 b 1962     11.7     3.2    13.0    29.0    35.4    36.5    29.7    26.3
   1961     11.3     3.1    12.3    27.5    34.2    35.3    30.2    25.9
   1960     11.3     2.9    11.8    27.6    32.7    37.4    32.1    28.8

   1959     10.9     2.8    11.5    26.1    31.8    34.9    33.0    28.6
   1958     10.8     2.5    11.1    24.9    31.3    36.6    34.0    31.2
   1957     11.3     2.9    12.1    25.6    33.0    38.2    35.3    32.3
   1956     10.7     2.4    11.2    23.8    30.9    36.8    37.3    32.7
   1955     10.2     2.1    10.5    22.8    28.8    36.1    35.9    37.0
   1954     10.1     2.2    10.4    21.5    29.1    35.5    35.7    37.4
   1953     10.4     2.3    10.7    23.0    29.9    34.7    38.8    37.8
   1952     10.2     2.4    10.6    22.4    29.9    34.4    37.6    37.9
   1951      9.8     2.3    10.1    21.1    28.7    34.0    38.7    40.6
 c 1950      9.2     2.1     9.3    19.1    27.2    33.8    36.9    39.0

 c 1949      9.2     2.1     9.4    18.9    28.3    31.9    38.3    37.5
 c 1948     11.3     2.4    11.0    23.3    33.5    40.8    52.9    60.7
 c 1947     10.4     2.1     9.6    20.6    31.1    39.5    52.9    57.3
 c 1946      9.6     2.1     9.0    18.7    28.5    36.3    49.2    52.8
 c 1945      9.5     2.2     8.5    18.1    27.0    35.7    44.9    54.6
 c 1944      8.6     2.0     7.1    15.3    26.3    35.6    47.8    49.1
 c 1943      9.3     1.9     7.8    18.0    28.5    39.8    52.0    50.4
 c 1942      9.4     2.1     8.5    18.5    29.1    39.2    52.0    51.2
 c 1941      8.9     2.1     7.8    17.6    27.7    39.9    48.8    60.3
 c 1940      8.6     1.8     7.2    16.5    27.8    39.2    51.8    60.0

   1939      8.3     1.7     6.6    15.5    27.8    40.3    55.6    58.6
   1938      8.3     1.7     6.9    16.2    27.1    40.7    58.3    54.9
   1937      8.5     1.7     7.2    17.0    28.3    41.3    59.4    57.3
   1936      8.3     1.7     7.1    15.8    28.8    41.6    57.7    66.7
   1935      7.9     1.6     6.4    15.7    27.3    41.5    60.2    60.3
   1934      7.7     1.8     6.4    15.1    27.2    40.4    60.1    52.8
   1933      7.4     1.6     5.9    14.3    26.9    41.9    59.9    58.1

 ------------------------------------------------------------------------
   Area     Total   25-34   35-44   45-54   55-64   65-74   75-84    85+
 and Year           Years   Years   Years   Years   Years   Years   Years
 ------------------------------------------------------------------------

 Death Registration States *

   1932      7.2     1.4     5.7    14.0    26.1    41.2    58.4    57.6
   1931      7.4     1.7     5.9    14.8    26.8    42.0    59.4    68.1
   1930      7.2     1.5     6.1    14.0    26.8    43.0    57.5    64.4

   1929      7.2     1.5     6.3    14.5    26.1    43.8    57.1    69.5
   1928      7.5     1.6     6.4    15.0    27.7    46.3    63.6    68.3
   1927      7.4     1.5     5.9    14.4    26.7    48.8    66.6    76.0
   1926      7.2     1.6     5.6    13.7    27.8    44.0    71.2    77.6
   1925      7.2     1.4     5.8    14.1    27.5    46.1    71.7    83.8
   1924      7.3     1.5     5.2    15.3    27.1    50.2    64.8    84.9
   1923      7.1     1.2     4.9    14.0    27.5    49.7    73.1    96.8
   1922      7.4     1.4     5.1    13.7    28.9    52.8    78.8    99.7
   1921      7.3     1.4     4.4    13.2    29.9    54.4    78.8    84.5
   1920      7.1     1.3     4.5    12.9    28.1    53.2    78.2    76.6

   1919      7.9     1.4     5.8    15.4    31.4    55.3    83.7    73.2
   1918      9.6     2.4     8.5    19.2    38.4    60.9    80.9    74.0
   1917     10.9     2.7    10.3    24.6    43.2    66.9    90.6    81.1
   1916     11.8     3.7    11.9    25.8    48.1    70.3    89.2    78.7
   1915     12.1     3.5    12.2    26.7    46.7    73.1    90.6    86.2
   1914     12.5     3.6    13.3    29.5    45.4    76.9    95.2    76.1
   1913     12.9     3.8    14.3    30.0    49.5    80.1    86.5    77.2
   1912     13.1     3.9    14.0    29.7    53.2    78.8    94.0    75.8
   1911     13.6     4.3    14.4    32.5    52.6    82.8   100.0    75.9
   1910     13.3     4.3    14.7    31.4    54.2    77.0    86.6    77.2
 ------------------------------------------------------------------------
 a Deaths based on a 50 percent sample.

 b Figures by race exclude data for residents from New Jersey because this
   state did not require reporting the item for these years.

 c Based on enumerated population adjusted for age bias in the population
   of races other than white.

 * Increased in number from 10 states and the District of Columbia in 1900
   to the entire coterminous United States in 1933.

 Source:Alcohol Epidemiologic Data System.  Grant, B.F., Zobeck, T.S.,
        and Freel, C.G.:  SURVEILLANCE REPORT #5:  LIVER CIRRHOSIS
        MORTALITY IN THE UNITED STATES, 1970-84.  Rockville, MD:
        National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism, Division
        of Biometry and Epidemiology (July 1987).
   and
        Alcohol Epidemiologic Data System.  Grant, B.F., Zobeck, T.S.,
        and Ng, M-J.C.  SURVEILLANCE REPORT #11:  LIVER CIRRHOSIS MORTALITY
        IN THE UNITED STATES, 1972-86. Rockville, MD: National Institute on
        Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism, Division of Biometry and Epidemiology
        (June 1989).

 (Entered:  12/88 -- Revised 10/89)

 Age-Specific Death Rates for Cirrhosis by Race & Sex, U.S.,1970-86
 (Death rates per 100,000 pop.)

 ------------------------------------------------------------------------
 Race, Sex  Total   25-34   35-44   45-54   55-64   65-74   75-84    85+
  and Year          Years   Years   Years   Years   Years   Years   Years
 ------------------------------------------------------------------------

 All Races - Both Sexes
   1986     10.9     2.8     9.7    20.4    32.4    37.5    31.8    21.0
   1985     11.3     3.0     9.4    22.1    34.0    37.7    33.0    20.4
   1984     11.6     2.8    10.1    23.4    35.2    39.5    33.4    18.5
   1983     11.7     3.0    10.1    24.4    36.4    38.6    32.1    18.6
   1982     12.0     3.1    10.7    25.5    37.1    40.1    31.6    18.1
   1981     12.8     3.1    12.3    28.4    39.4    42.5    31.2    21.2
   1980     13.5     3.5    13.5    31.1    41.7    43.1    30.7    20.2

   1979     13.3     3.4    13.9    31.1    41.1    42.0    28.5    18.2
   1978     13.5     3.4    14.4    32.2    42.6    41.4    28.8    19.0
   1977     14.0     3.7    15.3    33.8    44.6    42.4    28.4    17.7
   1976     14.5     3.6    16.9    35.0    46.9    42.4    27.8    18.6
   1975     14.7     3.7    16.7    36.0    48.3    42.7    27.7    17.5
   1974     15.6     4.2    18.6    38.7    50.4    45.7    28.5    18.9
   1973     15.8     4.2    19.4    39.1    52.1    44.5    28.0    20.2
 a 1972     15.6     4.3    20.3    38.9    50.0    43.0    28.9    20.5
   1971     15.4     4.2    19.3    38.5    49.7    42.2    29.8    21.8
   1970     15.4     4.4    19.6    38.2    49.1    42.0    30.6    21.4

 ------------------------------------------------------------------------
 Race, Sex  Total   25-34   35-44   45-54   55-64   65-74   75-84    85+
  and Year          Years   Years   Years   Years   Years   Years   Years
 ------------------------------------------------------------------------

 White - Male
   1986     14.2     2.9    11.5    28.0    47.1    53.1    47.6    30.6
   1985     14.5     3.1    11.1    28.0    47.1    53.1    47.6    30.6
   1984     15.2     3.0    11.8    29.8    48.5    56.5    48.8    31.0
   1983     15.3     3.2    11.6    31.1    49.7    56.6    48.5    29.9
   1982     15.9     3.2    12.6    33.2    51.2    59.6    46.2    31.0
   1981     16.6     3.2    13.5    35.1    54.2    62.5    48.2    36.2
   1980     17.3     3.2    14.2    38.4    57.1    63.6    46.8    33.8

   1979     17.1     3.3    15.3    38.0    56.1    63.4    44.0    28.7
   1978     17.5     3.1    15.0    39.4    58.7    64.4    46.5    31.5
   1977     18.0     3.4    16.0    41.3    61.5    61.6    46.0    29.2
   1976     18.7     3.1    17.8    43.4    64.8    65.4    44.7    31.6
   1975     19.1     3.2    18.2    44.7    66.3    67.2    45.6    29.1
   1974     20.2     3.4    19.1    47.7    69.4    73.3    46.8    30.5
   1973     20.4     3.6    20.0    48.0    73.2    70.6    44.8    33.1
 a 1972     20.1     3.3    21.3    48.1    71.3    66.7    45.5    36.2
   1971     20.0     3.5    20.0    47.9    71.2    66.0    46.9    35.9
   1970     19.9     3.3    19.7    47.1    70.2    67.5    47.6    35.8

 ------------------------------------------------------------------------
 Race, Sex  Total   25-34   35-44   45-54   55-64   65-74   75-84    85+
  and Year          Years   Years   Years   Years   Years   Years   Years
 ------------------------------------------------------------------------

 White - Female
   1986      7.5     1.2     4.1    10.8    20.4    26.0    24.9    16.5
   1985      7.6     1.3     4.2    11.9    20.1    26.0    25.5    16.8
   1984      7.9     1.1     4.3    13.3    21.4    27.1    25.6    14.6
   1983      7.9     1.2     4.5    13.9    22.8    25.5    24.5    15.7
   1982      8.1     1.1     4.8    13.9    23.3    26.5    24.6    13.7
   1981      8.6     1.1     5.6    16.5    24.5    27.8    22.7    15.9
   1980      8.9     1.3     6.5    17.7    25.3    27.9    22.7    15.3

   1979      8.6     1.2     6.6    18.1    25.3    26.2    20.5    14.2
   1978      8.6     1.3     6.9    19.2    25.4    24.4    19.8    14.1
   1977      9.0     1.3     7.6    19.4    26.4    27.5    19.0    13.3
   1976      9.2     1.3     8.2    20.4    28.1    25.7    19.5    14.0
   1975      9.3     1.3     8.0    21.5    29.7    24.7    18.4    12.1
   1974      9.9     1.7     9.9    22.9    31.1    26.3    18.6    14.2
   1973     10.0     1.5    10.1    24.0    31.4    25.8    18.7    14.5
 a 1972      9.8     1.6    10.3    23.6    30.0    25.2    20.1    13.1
   1971     10.0     1.7    10.6    24.1    29.9    25.3    20.2    15.4
   1970      9.9     1.6    10.8    24.6    29.5    23.9    21.0    15.9

 ------------------------------------------------------------------------
 Race, Sex  Total   25-34   35-44   45-54   55-64   65-74   75-84    85+
  and Year          Years   Years   Years   Years   Years   Years   Years
 ------------------------------------------------------------------------

 Nonwhite - Male
   1986     15.5     8.6    31.4    47.4    52.8    43.9    35.0    23.5
   1985     17.2     9.0    35.2    54.0    62.2    49.7    30.9    27.3
   1984     16.6     9.3    32.9    54.3    58.9    49.6    34.8    14.1*
   1983     16.6     9.5    33.3    54.7    61.9    49.6    26.3     5.5*
   1982     16.7    10.2    33.8    58.5    60.0    43.9    31.0    10.1*
   1981     19.4    11.1    42.1    69.0    66.9    53.7    31.6    18.5*
   1980     22.1    14.0    48.4    79.0    77.0    57.1    30.0    21.0*

   1979     22.4    14.6    48.1    82.0    76.5    55.5    29.1    27.1*
   1978     22.9    15.4    53.3    77.1    80.4    56.6    28.9    29.3*
   1977     24.5    17.4    53.7    90.6    86.9    51.3    31.4    14.3*
   1976     25.1    17.8    59.8    89.0    88.9    54.9    21.4    10.9*
   1975     25.0    19.3    56.2    88.2    87.7    57.0    30.6    20.4*
   1974     26.5    20.3    64.1    95.4    87.1    55.3    29.7    14.0*
   1973     26.4    20.3    67.5    90.0    85.4    54.5    29.5    39.6*
 a 1972     27.3    20.7    69.5    97.9    81.1    63.3    29.5    29.8*
   1971     24.3    20.0    62.8    83.3    72.6    51.8    28.5    21.3*
   1970     24.8    22.9    66.5    83.1    71.9    48.0    24.7    10.9*

 ------------------------------------------------------------------------
 Race, Sex  Total   25-34   35-44   45-54   55-64   65-74   75-84    85+
  and Year          Years   Years   Years   Years   Years   Years   Years
 ------------------------------------------------------------------------

 Nonwhite - Female
   1986      8.1     5.0    12.8    20.7    24.6    24.1    16.5     7.8
   1985      8.8     5.6    14.2    22.7    26.5    25.0    22.1    12.7
   1984      8.9     5.6    14.5    21.8    30.4    24.0    19.1     7.6*
   1983      9.1     5.8    15.3    25.2    29.9    23.3    14.4     6.8*
   1982      9.2     6.1    16.0    25.9    28.0    23.9    16.1    11.7*
   1981     10.6     6.6    19.4    31.4    32.5    27.9    16.0    10.2*
   1980     11.8     7.8    22.9    35.7    36.7    26.7    15.8     8.3*

   1979     11.3     7.5    23.0    35.1    33.3    25.4    16.7     6.1*
   1978     12.1     7.9    24.8    39.8    36.4    24.9    12.3     4.6*
   1977     12.7     9.3    26.9    41.8    36.6    22.4    15.4     8.7*
   1976     12.9     8.6    30.6    41.4    36.6    25.0    12.5     6.1*
   1975     13.0     9.6    30.6    40.6    38.5    24.5    10.2    14.0*
   1974     14.5    11.3    34.2    48.5    41.1    22.2    12.7     9.4*
   1973     15.0    11.5    36.7    50.7    40.4    25.2    13.2     1.3*
 a 1972     14.3    14.5    39.0    43.7    33.0    22.9     8.6     7.9*
   1971     14.1    12.2    37.4    46.2    34.3    19.9    11.8    12.3*
   1970     14.7    14.3    41.1    43.5    34.7    20.8    15.1     4.3*
 ------------------------------------------------------------------------
 a  Deaths based on a 50 percent sample.

 *  Rate based on fewer than 20 deaths.

 Source:Alcohol Epidemiologic Data System.  Grant, B.F., Zobeck, T.S.,
        and Freel, C.G.:  SURVEILLANCE REPORT #5:  LIVER CIRRHOSIS
        MORTALITY IN THE UNITED STATES, 1970-84.  Rockville, MD:
        National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism, Division
        of Biometry and Epidemiology (July 1987).
   and
        Alcohol Epidemiologic Data System.  Grant, B.F., Zobeck, T.S.,
        and Ng, M-J.C.  SURVEILLANCE REPORT #11:  LIVER CIRRHOSIS MORTALITY
        IN THE UNITED STATES, 1972-86. Rockville, MD: National Institute on
        Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism, Division of Biometry and Epidemiology
        (June 1989).

 (Entered:  12/88 --Revised 10/89)

 Death Rates-Cirrhosis by Per Capita Consumption,Int'l, Select Yrs.

 Crude and Age-Adjusted Death Rates for Cirrhosis in Order of Per Capita
 Consumption:  International, Selected Years *

 --------------------------------------------------------------------------
                        Liters Pure                Liver Cirrhosis
                          Alcohol        Death Rates per 100,000 Population
 Country (and Year)     Per Capita       ----------------------------------
                        Consumption             Crude        Age-Adjusted**
 --------------------------------------------------------------------------
 France (1984)               13.5                24.4             18.0
 Portugal (1985)             13.1                29.6             22.7
 Italy (1981)                13.0                33.2             22.4
 Luxembourg (1985)           13.0                19.4             13.7
 Spain (1980)                12.4                22.4             17.3

 Hungary (1985)              11.5                43.1             31.7
 Switzerland (1985)          11.2                11.6              7.9
 West Germany (1985)         10.8                23.8             15.0
 Belgium (1984)              10.6                13.3              9.0
 East Germany (1984)         10.2                15.2             10.4

 Austria (1985)               9.9                30.2             20.8
 Denmark (1984)               9.9                12.1              8.8
 Czechoslavakia (1984)        9.5                19.6             15.2
 Australia (1984)             9.3                 7.6              6.3
 New Zealand (1984)           9.3                 3.9              3.2

 Bulgaria (1984)              8.7                14.8             10.4
 Netherlands (1984)           8.6                 5.2              4.0
 Yugoslavia (1982)            8.2                21.6             18.4
 USA (1984)                   8.0                11.6             10.1
 Canada (1984)                8.0                 8.8              7.4

 Romania (1983)               7.7                32.2             25.9
 England and Wales (1984)     6.9                 4.6              3.1
 Greece # (1984)              6.8                 9.9              6.1
 Poland (1984)                6.5                11.3              9.1
 Finland (1984)               6.5                 6.5              4.8

 Ireland (1983)               6.1                 2.9              2.6
 Japan (1985)                 5.7                14.3             10.5
 Sweden (1984)                5.2                 8.2              5.2
 Iceland (1984)               4.1                 0.8              0.8
 Norway (1984)                4.0                 6.1              4.2

 Uruguay # (1984)             3.9                10.0              7.7
 Venezuela # (1983)           3.6                 6.6             11.7
 Paraguay # (1984)            1.9                 4.4              na
 Peru # (1982)                1.5                 5.6              na
 Israel # (1984)              1.0                 5.3              4.9
 --------------------------------------------------------------------------
 na - Data not available.

 *The years selected for presentation in this table were based on the
  latest year for which both consumption and cirrhosis death rates were
  available.

 **The standard population used for calculating age-adjusted death rates is
   the world population.

 #Either no reliable or no complete statistical data on the consumption
  of distilled spirits were available for this country.

 Note - When calculating the quantity in liters of absolute alcohol in
        beer, in the absence of precise data, an average of 5% alcohol
        content was used; wine was calculated with an average of 12%
        alcohol content.  Other alcoholic beverages, such as cider,
        sake, fruit wines, British wines, and wine coolers, were
        included in the calculation of the total alcohol consumption
        above, if consumption figures were known for them.

 Sources Hoeveel alcoholhoundende dranken worden er in de wereld
         gedrunken (How much alcoholic beverage is drunk worldwide)
         25th edition.  Schiedam, Netherlands: Produktschap voor
         gestilleerde dranken, 54 pp, 1986.
     and
         World Health Organization.  ANNUAL WORLD STATISTICS, 1984. Geneva,
         Switzerland: The Publisher, 1984.  (Same publication, 1985 and
         1986)

 (Entered: 10/87)

 Alcohol-attributable fractions & mortality - US, 1987

 Alcohol-attributable fractions (AAFs), total estimated mortality, and
 estimated alcohol-related mortality (ARM), by sex and diagnosis--United
 States, 1987
 ----------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                      Male         Female
                                                  ------------  ------------
 Diagnosis (ICD-9)                    AAF    Age  Deaths   ARM  Deaths   ARM
 ----------------------------------------------------------------------------
 Malignant Neoplasms
  Cancer of the lip/oral cavity/
    pharynx (140-149)                0.50* >=35   5,259  2,630  2,622  1,049
  Cancer of the espohagus (150)      0.75  >=35   6,705  5,029  2,365  1,774
  Cancer of the stomach (151)        0.20  >=35   8,178  1,636  5,428  1,086
  Cancer of the liver/intrahepatic
    bile ducts (155)                 0.15  >=35   4,215    632  2,831    425
  Cancer of the larynx (161)         0.50# >=35   2,968  1,484    690    276

 Mental disorders
  Alcoholic psychoses (291)          1.00  >=15     302    302     80     80
  Alcohol dependence syndrome (303)  1.00  >=15   3,353  3,353    908    908
  Alcohol abuse (305.)               1.00  >=15     537    537    136    136

 Cardiovascular diseases
  Essential hypertension (401)       0.08  >=35   1,633    126  2,368    180
  Alcoholic cardiomyopathy (425.5)   1.00  >=15     688    688    109    109
  Cerebrovascular disease (430-438)  0.07  >=35  58,302  3,970 90,068  5,854

 Respiratory diseases
  Respiratory tuberculosis (011-012) 0.25  >=35     911    228    396     99
  Pneumonia and influenza (480-487)  0.05  >=35  32,379  1,619 34,852  1,743

 Digestive diseases
  Diseases of esophagus/stomach/
    duodenum (530-537)               0.10  >=35   4,545    455  4,520    452
  Alcoholic gastritis (535.3)        1.00  >=15      60     60     13     13
  Alcoholic fatty liver (571.0)      1.00  >=15     672    672    242    242
  Acute alcoholic hepatitis (571.1)  1.00  >=15     518    518    276    276
  Alcoholic cirrhosis of the
    liver (571.2)                    1.00  >=15   5,517  5,517  1,991  1,991
  Alcoholic liver damage,
    unspecified (572.3)              1.00  >=15   1,514  1,514    535    535
  Other cirrhosis of the liver
    (571.5, 571.6)                   0.50  >=35   7,508  3,754  5,097  2,549
  Acute pancreatitis (577.0)         0.42  >=35   1,117    469  1,005    422
  Chronic pancreatitis (577.1)       0.60  >=35     121     73     74     44

 Unintential injuries
  Motor vehicle accidents
    (E810-E825)                      0.42    >0  33,904 14,240 14,386  6,042
  Other road vehicle
    accidents (E826.9)               0.20    >0     159     32     72     14
  Water transport accidents
    (E830-E838)                      0.20    >0     853    171     95     19
  Air/space transport accidents
    (E840-E845)                      0.16    >0   1,032    165    231     37
  Alcohol poisonings (E860, E860.1)  1.00  >=15     151    151     37     37
  Accidental falls (E880-E888)       0.35  >=15   6,091  2,132  5,485  1,920
  Accidents caused by fires
    (E890-E899)                      0.45    >0   2,863  1,288  1,847    831
  Accidental drownings (E910)        0.38    >0   3,529  1,341    831    316
  Other injuries                     0.25  >=15   4,469  1,117  1,410    353

 Intentional injuries
  Suicide (E950-E959)                0.28  >=15  24,073  6,740  6,472  1,812
  Homicide (E960-E969)               0.46  >=15  15,007  6,903  4,792  2,204

 Metabolic disorder
  Diabetes mellitus (250)            0.05  >=35  15,795    790 21,959  1,098

 Other alcohol-related diagnoses
  Alcoholic polyneuropathy (357.5)   1.00  >=15       4      4      0      0
  Excess blood alcohol level (790.3) 1.00  >=15       9      9      2      2

 Total                                                   70,168        34,927
 ----------------------------------------------------------------------------
 *  Deaths occurring before this age were not included in the calculations.

 #  AAF is 0.40 for females.

 Source:  Shultz, J.M.; Rice, D.P.; and Parker, D.L.  Alcohol related
          mortality and years of potential life lost--United States, 1987.
          MORBIDITY AND MORTALITY WEEKLY REPORT 39(11), March 23, 1990,
          p. 173-178.

 (Entered 12/90)

 Alc.-related mort. & male/female ratio by sex & diag. cat.-US,'87

 Estimated alcohol-related mortality and male-to-female ratio, by sex
 and diagnostic category--United States, 1987

 ----------------------------------------------------------------------------
                               Male          Female          Total      Male:
                            ------------   ------------   ------------ female
 Diagnostic category        Deaths ( % )   Deaths ( % )   Deaths ( % )  ratio
 ----------------------------------------------------------------------------
 Malignant neoplasms       11,410 ( 16.3)  4,609 ( 13.2)  16,019 ( 15.2)  2.5

 Mental disorders           4,192 (  6.0)  1,124 (  3.2)   5,316 (  5.1)  3.7

 Cardiovascular diseases    4,604 (  6.6)  6,143 ( 17.6)  10,747 ( 10.2)  0.8

 Respiratory diseases *     1,847 (  2.6)  1,842 (  5.3)   3,688 (  3.5)  1.0

 Digestive diseases        13,032 ( 18.6)  6,524 ( 18.7)  19,556 ( 18.7)  2.0

 Unintentional injuries    20,637 ( 29.4)  9,569 ( 27.4)  30,205 ( 28.7)  2.2

 Intentional injuries      13,644 ( 19.4)  4,016 ( 11.5)  17,660 ( 16.8)  3.4

 Other alcohol-related
   diagnoses                  803 (  1.1)  1,100 (  3.1)   1,903 (  1.8)  0.7

 Total                     70,168 (100.0) 34,927 (100.0) 105,095 (100.0)
 ----------------------------------------------------------------------------
 *  Includes mortality from respiratory tuberculosis.

 Source:  Shultz, J.M.; Rice, D.P.; and Parker, D.L.  Alcohol related
          mortality and years of potential life lost--United States, 1987.
          MORBIDITY AND MORTALITY WEEKLY REPORT 39(11), March 23, 1990,
          p. 173-178.

 (Entered 12/90)

 Alc.-related yrs of potential life lost by sex & diag. cat.-US'87

 Alcohol-related years of potential life lost (YPLL), by sex and
 diagnostic category--United States, 1987

 ----------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                Male             Female            Total
                            ------------      ------------      ------------
 Diagnostic category        YPLL * ( % )      YPLL * ( % )      YPLL * ( % )
 ----------------------------------------------------------------------------
 YPLL to age 65
  Malignant neoplasms      37.5  (  3.3)     10.8  (  2.8)     48.3  (  3.2)

  Mental disorders         52.3  (  4.6)     14.2  (  3.7)     66.5  (  4.3)

  Cardiovascular diseases  13.0  (  1.1)      6.4  (  1.6)     19.3  (  1.3)

  Respiratory diseases #    3.3  (  0.3)      1.4  (  0.4)      4.7  (  0.3)

  Digestive diseases      116.3  ( 10.2)     46.8  ( 12.1)    163.1  ( 10.7)

  Unintentional injuries  571.0  ( 49.8)    207.6  ( 53.9)    778.6  ( 50.8)

  Intentional injuries    350.0  ( 30.5)     96.2  ( 25.0)    446.1  ( 29.1)

  Other alcohol-related
    diagnoses               2.6  (  0.2)      1.9  (  0.5)      4.5  (  0.3)

 Total                  1,145.9  (100.0)    385.3  (100.0)  1,531.2  (100.0)
                            (74.8)             (25.2)           (100.0)
 ----------------------------------------------------------------------------
 YPLL to life expectancy
  Malignant neoplasms     164.8  (  8.8)     71.9  (  8.5)    236.7  (  8.7)

  Mental disorders        100.7  (  5.4)     32.5  (  3.8)    133.3  (  4.9)

  Cardiovascular diseases  55.3  (  2.9)     66.6  (  7.9)    122.0  (  4.5)

  Respiratory diseases #   18.6  (  1.0)     18.1  (  2.1)     36.6  (  1.3)

  Digestive diseases      267.3  ( 14.3)    145.3  ( 17.1)    412.5  ( 15.2)

  Unintentional injuries  769.5  ( 41.1)    339.7  ( 40.1)  1,109.2  ( 40.8)

  Intentional injuries    486.9  ( 26.0)    158.6  ( 18.7)    645.4  ( 23.7)

  Other alcohol-related
    diagnoses              10.7  (  0.6)     15.1  (  1.8)     25.8  (  0.9)

 Total                  1,873.8  (100.0)    847.8  (100.0)  2,721.6  (100.0)
                            (68.9)             (31.1)           (100.0)

 ----------------------------------------------------------------------------
 *  Thousands.

 #  Includes YPLL from respiratory tuberculosis.

 Source:  Shultz, J.M.; Rice, D.P.; and Parker, D.L.  Alcohol related
          mortality and years of potential life lost--United States, 1987.
          MORBIDITY AND MORTALITY WEEKLY REPORT 39(11), March 23, 1990,
          p. 173-178.

 (Entered 12/90)

 Years of potential life lost for alcohol-related deaths - US '87

 Mean years of potential life lost (YPLL) for alcohol-related deaths, by
 sex and diagnostic category--United States, 1987

 ----------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                          Mean YPLL per death
                                ----------------------------------------
 Diagnostic category            Male             Female            Total
 ----------------------------------------------------------------------------
 YPLL to age 65
  Malignant neoplasms           3.3               2.3               3.0

  Mental disorders             12.5              12.6              12.5

  Cardiovascular diseases       2.8               1.0               1.8

  Respiratory diseases *        1.8               0.8               1.3

  Digestive diseases            8.9               7.2               8.3

  Unintentional injuries       27.7              21.7              25.8

  Intentional injuries         25.7              23.9              25.3

  Other alcohol-related
    diagnoses                   3.2               1.7               2.3

 Mean YPLL per death           16.3              11.0              14.6
 ----------------------------------------------------------------------------
 YPLL to life expectancy
  Malignant neoplasms          14.4              15.6              14.8

  Mental disorders             24.0              28.9              25.1

  Cardiovascular diseases      12.0              10.8              11.3

  Respiratory diseases *       10.1               9.8               9.9

  Digestive diseases           20.5              22.3              21.1

  Unintentional injuries       37.3              35.5              36.7

  Intentional injuries         35.7              39.5              36.5

  Other alcohol-related
    diagnoses                  13.4              13.7              13.6

 Mean YPLL per death           26.7              24.3              25.9
 ----------------------------------------------------------------------------
 *  Includes YPLL from respiratory tuberculosis.

 Source:  Shultz, J.M.; Rice, D.P.; and Parker, D.L.  Alcohol related
          mortality and years of potential life lost--United States, 1987.
          MORBIDITY AND MORTALITY WEEKLY REPORT 39(11), March 23, 1990,
          p. 173-178.

 (Entered 12/90)


ALCOHOL-RELATED FATAL TRAFFIC ACCIDENTS (CRASH)

 Traffic Accidents/Non-Alcohol & Alcohol-Related Fatalities, '77-87

 Fatal Traffic Accidents, Traffic Accident Fatalities, and Alcohol-
 Related Traffic Accident Fatalities, 1977-87

 --------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                       Event
              -------------------------------------------------------------
                              Traffic     Alcohol-Related   Percent of All
              Traffic         Accident    Traffic Accident Traffic Accident
 Year        Accidents       Fatalities      Fatalities      Fatalities
                                (a)             (b)             (a/b)
 --------------------------------------------------------------------------
 1987          41,435          46,386          19,918           42.9
 1986          41,090          46,082          20,038           43.5
 1985          39,196          43,825          18,040           41.2
 1984          39,622          44,241          18,523           41.9
 1983          37,971          42,584          17,847           41.9
 1982          38,899          43,721          18,622           42.6
 1981          43,979          49,268          20,658           41.9
 1980          45,271          51,077          21,114           41.3
 1979          45,212          51,084          20,245           39.6
 1978          44,433          50,327          18,362           35.6
 1977          42,064          47,715          17,414           36.5
 --------------------------------------------------------------------------

 Source: Alcohol Epidemiologic Data System.  Zobeck, T., Grant, B.F.,
      Williams, G.D., Bertolucci, D.,  SURVEILLANCE REPORT #12:  TRENDS IN
      ALCOHOL-RELATED FATAL TRAFFIC ACCIDENTS, UNITED STATES:  1977-1987.
      Rockville, MD:  National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism,
      Division of Biometry and Epidemiology (August 1989).

 (Entered:  12/88 -- Revised 10/89)

 Traffic Fatality Rates by Vehicle Miles & Population, 1977-87

 Total and Alcohol-Related Traffic Fatality Rates per Million Vehicle
 Miles Traveled, and 100,000 Population, Registered Vehicles and
 Licensed Drivers:  1977-87

 -----------------------------------------------------------------------
                                          Rate
                 -------------------------------------------------------
                                                100,000         100,000
                     100          100,000      Registered       Licensed
     Year        Million VMT*    Population     Vehicles**      Drivers
 -----------------------------------------------------------------------

 All Fatalities

     1987            2.41          19.06          25.17          28.67
     1986            2.51          19.08          25.40          28.90
     1985            2.47          18.35          24.75          27.94
     1984            2.58          18.70          25.72          28.47
     1983            2.58          18.20          25.13          27.61
     1982            2.75          18.86          26.45          29.09
     1981            3.16          21.48          29.99          34.06
     1980            3.34          22.49          31.62          35.16
     1979            3.34          22.75          32.48          35.66
     1978            3.26          22.66          32.76          35.74
     1977            3.25          21.72          32.40          34.54

     Percent Change
      1977-1987    -25.85         -12.25         -22.31         -16.99


 Alcohol-Related
   Fatalities

     1987            1.04           8.18          10.80          12.31
     1986            1.09           8.30          11.05          12.57
     1985            1.02           7.55          10.19          11.50
     1984            1.08           7.83          10.77          11.92
     1983            1.08           7.63          10.53          11.57
     1982            1.17           8.04          11.27          12.39
     1981            1.33           9.01          12.46          13.96
     1980            1.40           9.52          12.81          14.46
     1979            1.33           9.20          12.70          14.15
     1978            1.30           8.41          11.93          13.66
     1977            1.31           8.05          11.71          13.41

     Percent Change
      1977-1987    -20.61           1.61          -7.77          -8.20
 ----------------------------------------------------------------------
 *     Vehicle miles traveled.
 **    Includes all motor vehicles and motorcycles, privately, commercially
       and publicly owned.

 Source:  Alcohol Epidemiologic Data System.  Zobeck, T., Grant, B.F.,
      Williams, G.D., Bertolucci, D.,  SURVEILLANCE REPORT #12:  TRENDS IN
      ALCOHOL-RELATED FATAL TRAFFIC ACCIDENTS, UNITED STATES:  1977-1987.
      Rockville, MD:  National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism,
      Division of Biometry and Epidemiology (August 1989).

 (Entered:  12/88 -- Revised 10/89)

 % Drivers in Fatal Traffic Accidents Given BAC Tests, '77, '87

 Percent of Drivers Involved in Fatal Traffic Accidents Given BAC Tests,
 by State and Injury Severity:  1977 & 1987

 -------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                     Drivers Given BAC Tests
                        --------------------------------------------------
                                 1977                       1987
                        ----------------------     -----------------------
    State               Dead    Alive  Combined    Dead    Alive  Combined
 -------------------------------------------------------------------------

 Total                  41.8     10.6     24.2     72.9     22.2     44.3

 Alabama                 1.1      0.8      0.9     67.9     20.6     45.2
 Alaska                 69.0     35.6     49.1     75.7     55.6     63.0
 Arizona                39.9     15.0     24.7     64.1     15.0     35.2
 Arkansas               10.5      4.5      7.3     39.2     21.4     30.3
 California             86.7     19.2     47.9     89.4     22.4     50.4

 Colorado               88.2     58.2     72.4     87.7     47.9     64.9
 Connecticut            63.8     14.3     34.5     88.2     25.6     54.6
 Delaware               75.9     68.0     71.0     95.6     67.2     79.7
 District of Columbia   72.2     24.1     35.5     25.0     54.7     47.8
 Florida                44.4     16.8     27.5     61.5     18.0     33.9

 Georgia                24.2     12.0     17.6     74.0     34.8     52.6
 Hawaii                 88.5      4.4     38.7     92.1     29.7     52.3
 Idaho                  56.1     19.3     37.5     89.5     14.1     54.5
 Illinois               58.1      2.2     26.1     84.9     10.7     41.2
 Indiana                 0.7      1.2      0.9     92.2     54.9     72.3

 Iowa                   35.5      8.1     22.1     74.7     30.4     52.4
 Kansas                 20.2     10.0     14.9     60.2     33.9     47.7
 Kentucky               56.7     15.8     34.6     77.0     30.0     52.1
 Louisiana              35.9     29.0     32.0     41.5     39.1     40.2
 Maine                  59.0     11.0     33.2     86.8     34.7     57.4

 Maryland               48.2      1.5     21.1     87.1      7.6     39.5
 Massachusetts          27.1      3.1     12.4     86.9      3.9     40.1
 Michigan               58.9     12.5     31.3     60.3     22.6     38.5
 Minnesota              50.2      8.9     27.3     88.9     46.3     64.7
 Mississippi             1.1      2.7      1.9      9.3      4.1      6.7

 Missouri               22.7      3.3     12.3     63.1      3.5     31.3
 Montana                59.7      3.7     32.3     86.1     56.8     71.3
 Nebraska               67.6     50.2     58.5     84.0     75.3     79.5
 Nevada                 81.6     35.7     58.5     91.6     42.3     63.6
 New Hampshire          88.4     25.7     53.9     71.4     27.6     49.2

 New Jersey             79.7     16.7     41.0     87.6     31.6     52.7
 New Mexico              0.0      0.0      0.0     86.1     25.7     51.5
 New York               13.4      0.2      5.1     72.9      3.4     30.4
 North Carolina          0.4      0.6      0.5     84.9      0.3     36.9
 North Dakota            0.0      0.0      0.0     74.3     15.4     49.2

 Ohio                   29.4      7.6     17.0     51.4     14.4     31.0
 Oklahoma               61.2      8.1     34.1     64.9     11.4     34.8
 Oregon                 91.0     28.0     55.3     90.6     29.9     56.3
 Pennsylvania           46.6      4.5     22.2     79.0     20.3     46.1
 Rhode Island           90.6      7.1     43.2     30.6      6.7     17.3

 South Carolina         17.9      2.0      9.0     43.9     16.0     29.6
 South Dakota           70.1     19.7     44.4     89.9     48.0     69.7
 Tennessee              33.5     19.0     25.5     77.6     48.8     63.0
 Texas                   0.3      1.2      0.7     55.5     24.6     37.6
 Utah                   34.1     20.3     26.0     73.9     62.4     66.9

 Vermont                35.8     22.9     29.2     95.0     63.5     81.1
 Virginia               52.1      1.2     23.2     83.9      0.3     39.4
 Washington             79.0     27.1     51.3     85.2     36.5     58.6
 West Virginia           2.6      1.2      1.9     87.9     19.3     52.3
 Wisconsin              84.4      0.8     38.3     85.3     15.5     48.7
 Wyoming                55.4     12.5     33.6     87.3     46.3     67.4
 -------------------------------------------------------------------------
 Source:  Alcohol Epidemiologic Data System.  Zobeck, T., Grant, B.F.,
      Williams, G.D., Bertolucci, D.,  SURVEILLANCE REPORT #12:  TRENDS IN
      ALCOHOL-RELATED FATAL TRAFFIC ACCIDENTS, UNITED STATES:  1977-1987.
      Rockville, MD:  National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism,
      Division of Biometry and Epidemiology (August 1989).

 (Entered: 12/88 -- Revised 10/89)

 Ages of Drivers in Traffic Accidents, Given BAC Tests, '77, '87

 ------------------------------------------------------------------------
                               Drivers Given BAC Tests
             ------------------------------------------------------------
                       1977                              1987
             -------------------------         --------------------------
 Sex/Age      Dead     Alive   Combined         Dead     Alive   Combined
 ------------------------------------------------------------------------
 Male
   16-19     1,507      649      2,156         1,903       999      2,902
            (42.5)*   (13.5)    (25.9)        (73.5)    (30.5)     (49.5)

   20-24     2,229      842      3,071         3,034     1,522      4,556
            (45.3)    (14.6)    (28.7)        (76.4)    (32.2)     (52.4)

   25-34     2,301      847      3,148         4,494     2,004      6,498
            (46.0)    (12.2)    (26.4)        (78.8)    (26.8)     (49.3)

   35-44     1,043      352      1,395         2,322       969      3,291
            (44.8)    (9.2)     (22.6)        (77.4)    (21.3)     (43.6)

   45+       1,894      454      2,348         3,445       962      4,407
            (35.4)    (7.7)     (20.9)        (66.4)    (16.4)     (39.9)

   Total     8,974    3,144     12,118        15,198     6,456     21,654
            (42.5)   (11.6)     (25.1)        (74.3)    (24.9)     (46.7)

 Female
   16-19       306       75        381           623       215        838
            (43.2)    (6.6)     (20.7)        (72.8)    (20.5)     (43.9)

   20-24       398       97        495           682       247        929
            (44.9)    (8.2)     (23.9)        (71.8)    (19.0)     (41.3)

   25-34       399       86        485         1,014       350      1,364
            (43.0)    (5.8)     (20.2)        (73.3)    (17.6)     (40.4)

   35-44       248       63        311           649       177        826
            (44.0)    (7.0)     (21.3)        (70.7)    (13.5)     (37.1)

   45+         480       77        557         1,236       190      1,426
            (32.6)    (5.2)     (18.8)        (62.4)    (10.9)     (38.3)

   Total     1,831      398      2,229         4,204     1,179      5,383
            (40.2)    (6.4)     (20.8)        (69.1)    (16.0)     (39.9)

 --------------------------------------------------------------------------
 *  Figures in parentheses are percentages.

 Source:  Alcohol Epidemiologic Data System.  Zobeck, T., Grant, B.F.,
      Williams, G.D., Bertolucci, D.,  SURVEILLANCE REPORT #12:  TRENDS IN
      ALCOHOL-RELATED FATAL TRAFFIC ACCIDENTS, UNITED STATES:  1977-1987.
      Rockville, MD:  National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism,
      Division of Biometry and Epidemiology (August 1989).

 (Entered: 12/88 -- Revised 10/89)


ALCOHOL-RELATED MORBIDITY (MORBID)

 Hospital Discharges Any Alcohol-Related Diagnosis,U.S. Total'79-85

 Average and Annual Hospital Discharges for Any Alcohol-Related Diagnosis,
 U.S. Total, by Sex, Age and Region:  United States, 1979-85
 --------------------------------------------------------------------------
                 First-listed Diagnosis             All-listed Diagnosis
 Sex, Age,   ----------------------------     -----------------------------
 or Region    Number of   Discharges per        Number of   Discharges per
 and Year    Discharges    10,000 pop.         Discharges    10,000 pop.
 --------------------------------------------------------------------------

 U.S. Total

  Average,
  1979-85      626,289         34.1            1,090,255         59.3

  1985         594,234         31.2            1,115,076         58.5
  1984         579,048         30.8            1,085,884         57.7
  1983         586,301         31.5            1,063,430         57.2
  1982         633,916         34.5            1,096,304         59.6
  1981         681,528         37.5            1,127,495         62.0
  1980         670,456         37.4            1,095,368         61.2
  1979         638,542         36.1            1,048,229         59.2


 Sex

 Male
  Average,
  1979-85      461,420         52.3              774,288         87.8

  1985         451,499         49.3              799,179         87.3
  1984         417,012         46.2              754,035         83.6
  1983         425,441         47.7              742,828         83.3
  1982         466,449         52.9              782,531         88.8
  1981         502,192         57.6              799,517         91.7
  1980         491,834         57.3              782,396         91.2
  1979         475,516         55.8              759,530         89.1

 Female
  Average,
  1979-85      164,869         17.2              315,967         33.0

  1985         142,735         14.4              315,897         31.9
  1984         162,036         16.5              331,849         33.9
  1983         160,860         16.6              320,602         33.1
  1982         167,467         17.5              313,773         32.8
  1981         179,336         18.9              327,978         34.6
  1980         178,622         19.2              312,972         33.6
  1979         163,026         17.8              288,699         31.4


 Age

 14-24 Years
  Average,
  1979-85       53,266         11.8               85,234         18.9

  1985          52,982         12.2               89,535         20.7
  1984          50,087         11.4               83,034         18.9
  1983          50,126         11.3               83,024         18.7
  1982          61,041         13.6               94,147         20.9
  1981          55,966         12.2               88,409         19.3
  1980          49,540         10.7               77,055         16.7
  1979          53,123         11.4               81,437         17.5

 25-44 Years
  Average,
  1979-85      270,181         40.1              407,297         60.4

  1985         279,000         37.8              436,402         59.1
  1984         262,091         36.6              420,614         58.8
  1983         263,182         37.8              405,634         58.3
  1982         271,945         40.3              410,048         60.7
  1981         286,927         43.9              414,579         63.4
  1980         274,501         43.8              394,591         62.9
  1979         253,619         41.5              369,208         60.4

 45-64 Years
  Average,
  1979-85      236,079         52.9              423,086         94.8

  1985         198,673         44.2              407,836         90.8
  1984         202,277         45.2              391,187         87.4
  1983         210,289         47.1              394,645         88.5
  1982         233,386         52.4              414,865         93.1
  1981         264,328         59.3              453,085        101.7
  1980         274,377         61.7              453,896        102.0
  1979         269,226         60.7              446,085        100.5

 65 Years and Older
  Average,
  1979-85       66,763         24.9              174,639         65.1

  1985          63,579         22.3              181,303         63.5
  1984          64,593         23.0              191,049         68.1
  1983          62,704         22.8              180,127         65.6
  1982          67,544         25.1              177,244         66.0
  1981          74,307         28.3              171,422         65.3
  1980          72,038         28.2              169,826         66.5
  1979          62,574         24.9              151,499         60.3


 Region

 Northeast
  Average,
  1979-85      246,681         61.5              353,143         88.0

  1985         215,103         52.7              338,638         83.0
  1984         211,367         52.0              330,880         81.4
  1983         229,423         56.9              340,460         84.4
  1982         239,969         59.9              344,274         85.9
  1981         269,229         67.5              366,099         91.8
  1980         288,696         72.9              383,672         96.9
  1979         272,979         69.1              367,977         93.2

 North Central
  Average,
  1979-85      182,124         39.1              313,397         67.3

  1985         177,953         37.9              319,922         68.1
  1984         174,830         37.3              302,915         64.6
  1983         180,511         38.8              318,589         68.4
  1982         182,374         39.2              318,204         68.4
  1981         201,747         43.4              332,084         71.4
  1980         186,337         40.3              308,245         66.6
  1979         171,115         37.1              293,817         63.7

 South
  Average,
  1979-85      117,145         19.0              245,079         39.7

  1985         122,532         18.8              263,387         40.5
  1984         122,691         19.2              274,152         43.0
  1983         101,284         16.1              230,239         36.6
  1982         124,169         20.1              250,143         40.5
  1981         126,336         20.8              250,075         41.2
  1980         117,718         19.9              229,141         38.7
  1979         105,288         18.1              218,417         37.6

 West
  Average,
  1979-85       80,339         22.6              178,637         50.3

  1985          78,646         20.8              193,129         51.2
  1984          70,160         19.1              177,937         48.3
  1983          75,083         20.7              174,142         48.1
  1982          87,404         24.6              183,683         51.7
  1981          84,216         24.2              179,237         51.4
  1980          77,705         22.8              174,310         51.2
  1979          89,160         26.8              168,018         50.5
 --------------------------------------------------------------------------
 SOURCE:  Unpublished data from the National Hospital Discharge Survey.

 (Entered: 9/87)

 First-Listed Proportionate Morbidity for Any Alcohol-Related Diagnosis,
 by Age, Race, Region and Sex, 1979-85.

 --------------------------------------------------------------------------
                   Both Sexes              Male                Female
   Region    -------------------- -------------------- --------------------
   and Age     All   White   All    All   White   All    All   White   All
              Races         Other  Races         Other  Races         Other
                            Races                Races                Races
 --------------------------------------------------------------------------

 U.S. Total
 14+ Years     2.13   1.89   3.68   3.51   3.05   6.43   1.02   0.94   1.51

 14-24 Years   1.63   1.65   1.54   2.38   2.36   2.49    .97   1.02    .79
 25-44 Years   3.72   3.19   6.03   6.76   5.74  11.18   1.45   1.29   2.16
 45-64 Years   2.81   2.57   4.41   4.22   3.80   7.10   1.50   1.41   2.06
 65+ Years      .64    .62    .83   1.00    .96   1.37    .37    .36    .41

 Northeast
 14+ Years     4.05   3.22   9.39   6.83   5.30  16.26   1.67   1.46   3.10

 14-24 Years   2.47   2.36   3.02   3.79   3.55   4.95   1.22   1.20   1.31
 25-44 Years   8.77   6.82  15.73  15.63  12.09  27.16   3.08   2.61   4.91
 45-64 Years   5.13   4.36  10.25   7.87   6.55  16.46   2.40   2.19   3.79
 65+ Years      .74    .71   1.09   1.12   1.06   1.86    .45    .45     *

 North Central
 14+ Years     2.21   2.10   3.31   3.55   3.34   5.67   1.13   1.08   1.59

 14-24 Years   2.53   2.55   2.42   3.59   3.52   4.18   1.63   1.69   1.21
 25-44 Years   3.92   3.71   5.28   6.85   6.48   9.34   1.71   1.61   2.35
 45-64 Years   2.55   2.45   3.49   3.77   3.62   5.34   1.43   1.36   2.01
 65+ Years      .66    .66    .73   1.07   1.05   1.43    .35    .36     *

 South
 14+ Years     1.16   1.08   1.53   1.89   1.76   2.50    .60    .55    .83

 14-24 Years    .63    .67    .46    .93   1.00     *     .39    .41     *
 25-44 Years   1.57   1.41   2.11   2.93   2.66   3.87    .66    .56    .98
 45-64 Years   1.78   1.68   2.29   2.64   2.48   3.49   1.02    .95   1.35
 65+ Years      .51    .50    .63    .80    .77    .95    .31    .29    .38

 West
 14+ Years     1.63   1.46   2.77   2.46   2.20   4.16    .91    .84   1.45

 14-24 Years   1.07    .95   1.70   1.37   1.21   2.34    .77    .71     *
 25-44 Years   2.31   2.02   3.87   3.87   3.42   6.14   1.05    .91   1.82
 45-64 Years   2.37   2.22   3.35   3.29   3.05   4.75   1.51   1.45   1.93
 65+ Years      .73    .67   1.27   1.12   1.03   1.98    .41    .39     *
 --------------------------------------------------------------------------
 * There were fewer than 30 NHDS records for this cell of the table.  Data
   are not reported because of questionable reliability.

 NOTE:  This table excludes all discharges for any diagnosis related to
        pregnancy, childbirth or the puerperium.   ICD 630-676 .

 SOURCE:  Unpublished data from the National Hospital Discharge Survey

 (Entered: 9/87)

 
 All-Listed Proportionate Morbidity for Any Alcohol-Related Diagnosis,
 by Age, Race, Region & Sex, 1979-85.

 --------------------------------------------------------------------------
                   Both Sexes             Male                 Female
   Region    -------------------- -------------------- --------------------
   and Age     All   White   All    All   White   All    All   White   All
              Races         Other  Races         Other  Races         Other
                            Races                Races                Races
 --------------------------------------------------------------------------

 U.S. Total
 14+ Years     3.70   3.31   6.23   5.88   5.16  10.55   1.93   1.80   2.79

 14-24 Years   2.59   2.60   2.52   3.78   3.75   3.93   1.55   1.58   1.42
 25-44 Years   5.59   4.75   9.24   9.78   8.20  16.55   2.47   2.17   3.73
 45-64 Years   5.03   4.57   8.08   7.44   6.65  12.88   2.80   2.63   3.90
 65+ Years     1.67   1.63   2.07   2.51   2.42   3.36   1.04   1.03   1.09

 Northeast
 14+ Years     5.79   4.72  12.67   9.36   7.40  21.44   2.73   2.45   4.65

 14-24 Years   3.33   3.18   4.04   4.92   4.60   6.52   1.81   1.80   1.85
 25-44 Years  10.96   8.39  20.10  19.16  14.60  33.97   4.15   3.42   6.96
 45-64 Years   7.54   6.50  14.49  11.16   9.36  22.86   3.94   3.67   5.78
 65+ Years     1.93   1.87   2.59   2.77   2.64   4.29   1.30   1.29   1.34

 North Central
 14+ Years     3.80   3.54   6.29   5.94   5.50  10.44   2.06   1.93   3.25

 14-24 Years   3.89   3.90   3.80   5.62   5.56   6.19   2.41   2.45   2.16
 25-44 Years   5.94   5.44   9.17   9.95   9.12  15.46   2.91   2.64   4.62
 45-64 Years   4.55   4.28   7.22   6.70   6.27  11.27   2.59   2.43   3.98
 65+ Years     1.69   1.64   2.42   2.63   2.53   4.33    .98    .97   1.12

 South
 14+ Years     2.42   2.23   3.33   3.89   3.55   5.55   1.30   1.20   1.72

 14-24 Years   1.24   1.30   1.01   1.94   2.05   1.52    .68    .69    .63
 25-44 Years   2.92   2.55   4.21   5.30   4.58   7.87   1.32   1.16   1.87
 45-64 Years   3.76   3.46   5.30   5.63   5.16   8.27   2.10   1.92   2.98
 65+ Years     1.33   1.30   1.56   1.97   1.90   2.40    .86    .86    .91

 West
 14+ Years     3.60   3.27   5.93   5.34   4.81   8.87   2.11   1.97   3.13

 14-24 Years   2.17   1.94   3.51   2.77   2.46   4.56   1.59   1.43   2.50
 25-44 Years   4.67   4.11   7.70   7.39   6.53  11.77   2.48   2.21   4.02
 45-64 Years   5.23   4.82   7.91   7.36   6.66  11.72   3.24   3.12   4.03
 65+ Years     1.99   1.93   2.66   3.03   2.92   4.08   1.15   1.14   1.32
 --------------------------------------------------------------------------
 NOTE:  This table excludes all discharges for any diagnosis related to
        pregnancy, childbirth or the puerperium.   ICD 630-676 .

 SOURCE:  Unpublished data from the National Hospital Discharge Survey

 (Entered: 9.87)


CRIMINAL OFFENSES (CRIME)

 Alcohol Use Among Convicted Offenders Just Before Committing Current
 Offense, by Crime Type, United States, 1983

 --------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                        Number     Percentage of Convicted
  Current Offense                      Convicted   Persons Who Used Alcohol
 --------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Total                               132,620             48%

 Violent                                 32,112             54
  Murder/attempted murder                 3,345             49
  Manslaughter                            1,188             68
  Rape/sexual assault                     4,017             52
  Robbery                                11,945             48
  Assault                                 9,609             62
  Other violent (includes kidnapping,     2,008             49
   purse snatching, hit-and-run
   driving, and child abuse)

 Property                                51,660             40
  Burglary                               17,335             44
  Auto theft                              2,960             51
  Fraud/forgery/embezzlement              5,976             22
  Larceny                                18,001             37
  Stolen property                         3,676             45
  Other property (includes arson,         3,712             51
   destruction of property, property
   damage from hit-and-run driving,
   and trespass)

 Drugs                                   13,181             29
  Traffic                                 5,469             26
  Possession                              6,830             30
  Other drugs                               882             44

 Public order                            34,036             64
  Weapons                                 2,769             32
  Obstructing justice                     6,856             43
  Traffic                                 3,734             36
  Driving while intoxicated (includes    13,406             93
   driving while intoxicated and
   driving under the influence of drugs)
  Drunkenness/morals offenses (also       4,894             70
   includes vagrancy and commercialized
   vice)
  Other public order (includes rioting,   2,377             28
   habitual offender, family-related
   offenses such as nonupport or
   abandonment, invasion of privacy, and
   contributing to the delinquency of a
   minor)

 Other (includes juvenile offenses and    1,008             40
   unspecified offenses)

 Information unavailable                    623             --
 --------------------------------------------------------------------------
 Source:  U.S. Department of Justice, Bureau of Justice Statistics.
          Jail inmates 1983.  BUREAU OF JUSTICE STATISTICS BULLETIN,
          November 1985. Washington, DC: USDOJ, 1985.

 (Entered: 9/87)

 Arrests For Specific Alcohol-Related Offenses, by Offense/State'86

 --------------------------------------------------------------------------
       Driving Under   Liquor.Law    Drunkenness     Disorderly    Vagrancy
         Influence      Violation                     Conduct
 --------------------------------------------------------------------------

 State  1,467,822        475,684         783,133        621,994      32,994

  AL       26,141           6,846         22,811          8,602          51
  AK        1,399             264             56            444         N/A
  AZ       27,676           5,837            N/A         13,984       1,726
  AR       20,348           5,056         20,107          5,201         262
  CA      346,397          50,918        189,293         14,347      11,760

  CO       31,230          14,029              2         17,082       1,656
  CT       14,679           4,082              4         28,631         200
  DE          432           1,939            191          1,879         N/A
  DC         N/A.             25            803          7,298            1
  FL       67,892          15,754         18,597         24,752         N/A

  GA       23,870           5,196          4,896            N/A          12
  HI        5,548           2,321            N/A            908           2
  ID        7,890           2,664            327          1,400          24
  IL       42,110          30,539          1,391         60,432         238
  IN       17,309           7,076         16,561          5,436          16

  IO       17,261           7,549         13,714          3,249          41
  KS       11,553           5,357            222          4,084         102
  KY       22,160           2,071         26,416          3,675          65
  LA       13,483             813         15,192          8,771         209
  ME        8,807           2,587             33          2,241          45

  MD       26,463           4,505           N/A           6,069         291
  MA       22,299           6,928             95          8,624         129
  MI       59,491          28,128            342         24,706       1,126
  MN       29,313           8,125              1          8,482           5
  MS        9,482           1,303          9,085          2,925          18

  MO       22,610           7,236          1,121          9,628         363
  MT        1,563           1,007            N/A            549         N/A
  NE       10,526           6,039            N/A          4,224         241
  NV        6,133           3,302          2,028          2,032       5,012
  NH        9,837           3,501          2,243          1,691          17

  NJ       23,268          12,179              4         35,978         166
  NM       13,640           4,946            407          3,825          34
  NY       50,789          25,605              4         96,323       7,079
  NC       72,957          19,403            N/A         13,108          27
  ND        3,039           2,841            N/A            759           4

  OH       39,458          14,155         26,896         27,486         386
  OK       26,472           5,499         38,578          3,842         N/A
  OR       20,960          11,126            N/A          2,800         N/A
  PA       28,041          42,222         33,672         44,935         398
  RI        2,653           1,564            125          3,262         145

  SC       13,780          10,236         23,840         16,601           9
  SD        5,198           3,112             17          1,389           8
  TN       14,357           1,950         29,866          6,717         106
  TX      115,686          19,898        209,871         39,456         546
  UT       12,585          13,862          6,780          2,776          77

  VT        3,117             270            N/A            568           1
  VA       43,481           8,915         53,929         11,748           6
  WA       28,305          10,118            148          2,644         170
  WV        8,055             755         10,629          1,990          60
  WI       32,893          23,591            288         22,863          82
  WY        5,186           2,440          2,608          1,578          78

 In many States where drunkenness and/or vagrancy are not treated as
 criminal actions, these categories are not permissible causes of arrest.
 Arrest statistics are provided by the Federal Bureau of Investigation's
 Uniform Crime Reporting (UCR) Program.  In one respect these data may be
 considered conservative estimates of alcohol-related arrests.  Arrests are
 classified by single offense, using a hierarchical rule.  Consequently,
 crimes committed while intoxicated are categorized under the primary
 offense.  On the other hand, "Driving Under the Influence" includes
 impairment due to any type of drug; it is not limited to impairment due to
 alcohol.
 --------------------------------------------------------------------------
 Source:  U.S. Department of Justice, FBI Uniform Crime
          Reports, 1986.  Washington, DC, July 25, 1987.

 (Entered: 12/88)

 Total Arrests for Alcohol-Related Offenses, by State, 1986

 --------------------------------------------------------------------------
              Total Alcohol         Total Arrests      Percentage Alcohol-
                 Arrests                           Related to Total Arrests
 --------------------------------------------------------------------------

 State          3,381,627             10,730,088               32

  AL             64,451                161,337                 40
  AK              2,163                 13,106                 17
  AZ             49,223                203,764                 24
  AK             50,974                120,645                 42
  CA            612,715              1,625,986                 38
  CO             63,999                208,056                 31

  CT             47,596                154,558                 31
  DE              4,441                 29,342                 15
  DC              8,127                 48,734                 17
  FL            126,995                627,887                 20
  GA             33,974                223,995                 15

  HI              8,779                 44,514                 20
  ID             12,305                 36,947                 33
  IL            134,710                463,029                 29
  IL             46,398                116,323                 40
  IN             41,814                 92,889                 45

  IA             21,318                 78,962                 27
  KS             54,387                 96,559                 56
  KN             38,468                161,218                 24
  LA             13,713                 42,069                 33
  ME             37,328                207,699                 18

  MD             38,075                104,197                 37
  MA            113,793                332,793                 34
  MI             45,926                142,435                 32
  MN             22,813                 55,826                 41
  MO             40,958                190,416                 22

  MT              3,119                  7,819                 40
  NE             21,030                 58,073                 36
  NV             18,507                 76,250                 24
  NH             17,289                 37,553                 46
  NJ             71,595                298,608                 24

  NM             22,852                 61,484                 37
  NY            179,800              1,126,704                 16
  NC            105,495                377,916                 28
  ND              6,643                 18,278                 36
  OH            108,381                331,980                 33

  OK             74,391                156,292                 48
  OR             34,886                119,502                 29
  PA            149,268                362,305                 41
  RI              7,749                 39,899                 19
  SC             64,466                159,216                 40

  SD              9,724                 23,170                 42
  TN             52,996                106,718                 50
  TX             85,457                881,013                 44
  UT             36,080                 99,026                 36
  VT              3,956                  8,694                 46

  VA            118,079                332,169                 36
  WA             41,385                162,137                 26
  WV             21,489                 65,354                 33
  WI             79,657                212,139                 38
  WY             11,890                 24,503                 49

 In many States where drunkenness and/or vagrancy are not treated as
 criminal actions, these categories are not permissible causes of arrest.
 Arrest statistics are provided by the Federal Bureau of Investigation's
 Uniform Crime Reporting (UCR) Program.  In one respect these data may be
 considered conservative estimates of alcohol-related arrests.  Arrests are
 classified by single offense, using a hierarchical rule.  Consequently,
 crimes committed while intoxicated are categorized under the primary
 offense.  On the other hand, "Driving Under the Influence" includes
 impairment due to any type of drug; it is not limited to impairment due to
 alcohol.
 --------------------------------------------------------------------------
 Source:  U.S. Department of Justice, FBI Uniform Crime
          Reports, 1986.  Washington, DC, July 25, 1987.

 (Entered: 12/88)


OTHER CONSEQUENCES/PROBLEMS (MISPROB)

 Percentages of Male and Female Drinkers Aged 21 Years and Older Reporting
 Specific Problem Consequences and Symptoms of Alcohol Dependence in a
 12-Month Period, United States, 1981

 --------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                    Percentage of Drinkers*
        Consequences and Symptoms                   -----------------------
                                                     Female           Male
 --------------------------------------------------------------------------

 Problem Consequences

  Drove while drunk or high                            17              38
  Started fight with spouse                            11              17
  Spouse told respondent to cut down drinking           5              21
  Started fight with someone outside family             4               9
  Harmed housework or chores                            3               7
  Problems in relations with children                   2               2
  Spouse threatened to leave                           (0.1)**          3
  Hurt job chances                                     (0.2)            1
  Accident in home                                     (0.2)            3

  Two or more problem consequences                     11              29

 Dependence Symptoms

  Memory lapses                                        10              23
  Gulping drinks                                        8              17
  Morning drinking                                      2               7
  Inability to quit or cut down                         2               4
  Inability to stop drinking until intoxicated          3               9

  One or more dependence symptoms                      17              32
 --------------------------------------------------------------------------
 * These percentages were calculated using all drinkers as the denominator
   for each sex.  All drinkers were 60.6 percent of all female respondents
   and 76.4 percent of all male respondents.

 ** Figures in parentheses based upon a positive response from only one
    respondent.

 Source: Wilsnack, S.C., Wilsnack, R.W., and Klassen, A.D.  Drinking and
         drinking problems among women in a U.S. national survey.  ALCOHOL
         HEALTH & RESEARCH WORLD, Vol. 9, No. 2, 3-13, Winter 1984/85.

 (Entered: 9/87)


 Percent of Emergency Room Suicide Episodes (Attempted Suicides) Involving
 the Five Top-Ranking Drugs, Drug Abuse Warning Network (DAWN) 1976-85

 --------------------------------------------------------------------------
           Alcohol-in-    Diazepam              Acetaminophen    Flurazepam
 Year      combination    (Valium)     Aspirin     (Tylenol)      (Dalmane)
 --------------------------------------------------------------------------
 1985          17.7         10.2         10.6         10.9          2.9
 1984          18.9         11.5         10.7          9.9          3.8
 1983          19.7         12.5         11.3          7.8          4.7
 1982          20.8         14.0         10.4          7.1          5.5
 1981          21.2         15.3         10.3          6.6          6.2
 1980          20.5         17.4          9.6          5.5          6.4
 1979          19.4         20.2          9.5          4.7          6.6
 1978          17.7         22.2          9.5          4.0          6.4
 1977          16.2         23.5          9.6          3.5          6.1
 1976          15.1         24.6         10.1          2.8          5.7
 --------------------------------------------------------------------------
 Note:
  The DAWN system records only events in which drugs other than alcohol
  are implicated.  Therefore, this table does not include suicide events
  in which alcohol is implicated in the absence of other drugs and these
  numbers underestimate the true involvement of alcohol in suicide events.
  Diazepam is a tranquilizer; aspirin and acetominophen are non-narcotic
  analgesics; flurazepam is a non-barbiturate sedative.  Data in this
  table come from a subset of DAWN facilities and these data should not
  be combined with data in Quick Facts Table I-H-4.

 Source:
  National Institute on Drug Abuse.  TRENDS IN SUICIDE CASES REPORTED
  TO DAWN: 1976-1985.  Rockville, MD: NIDA, Division of Epidemiology
  and Statistical Analysis, 1988.

 (Entered : 4/88)


 Percent of Medical Examiner Suicide Episodes (Deaths) Involving the Four
 Top-Ranking Drugs, Drug Abuse Warning Network (DAWN) 1976-85

 --------------------------------------------------------------------------
              Alcohol-in-   Amitriptyline   d-Propoxyphene    Secobarbital
 Year         combination      (Elavil)        (Darvon)         (Seconal)
 --------------------------------------------------------------------------
 1985            27.5            13.5            10.2             7.3
 1984            24.7            15.5             9.6             6.4
 1983            20.9            16.4             9.3             8.8
 1982            23.4            15.2             6.6             9.8
 1981            22.3            16.3             9.2             9.4
 1980            23.2            13.3             9.6            12.6
 1979            24.3            11.8            11.5            10.3
 1978            20.5            12.3            13.3            14.8
 1977            20.2            11.4            14.8            11.7
 1976            22.2             9.8            11.0            13.6
 --------------------------------------------------------------------------
 Note:
  The DAWN system records only events in which drugs other than alcohol
  are implicated.  Therefore, this table does not include suicide events
  in which alcohol is implicated in the absence of other drugs and these
  numbers underestimate the true involvement of alcohol in suicide events.
  Amitriptyline is an antidepressant; d-propoxyphene is a narcotic
  analgesic; secobarbitol is a barbiturate sedative.  Data in this table
  come from a subset of DAWN facilities and these data should not be
  combined with data in Quick Facts Table I-H-4.

 Source:
  National Institute on Drug Abuse.  TRENDS IN SUICIDE CASES REPORTED
  TO DAWN: 1976-1985.  Rockville, MD: NIDA, Division of Epidemiology
  and Statistical Analysis, 1988.

 (Entered : 4/88)


 Percent of Medical Examiner Suicide Episodes (Deaths) and Emergency Room
 Suicide Episodes (Attempted Suicides) Involving Alcohol in Combination
 with Other Drugs, Drug Abuse Warning Network (DAWN) 1986

 --------------------------------------------------------------------------
                         Medical Examiner Suicide    Emergency Room Suicide
                             Episodes (Deaths)         Episodes (Attempts)
 --------------------------------------------------------------------------
 Total                             26.3                       17.3

 Sex
    Males                          31.3                       21.8
    Females                        20.4                       15.0

 Race
    White                          26.7                       18.6
    Black                          37.7                       13.4
    Hispanic                       34.8                       13.7

 Age
    10-17 Years                    19.2                        5.4 *
    18-29 Years                    33.4                       17.2
    30 Years and Older             25.9                       23.2
 --------------------------------------------------------------------------
 * For this group, alcohol in combination with other drugs was the fourth-
   ranked drug-implicated suicide category, behind aspirin (20.5),
   acetominophin (18.3) and ibuprofen (6.7).  For all other groups, alcohol
   in combination with other drugs was the first-ranked drug-implicated
   suicide category.

 Note:
  The DAWN system records only events in which drugs other than alcohol
  are implicated.  Therefore, this table does not include suicide events
  in which alcohol is implicated in the absence of other drugs and these
  numbers underestimate the true involvement of alcohol in suicide events.
  Data in this table are based on a more complete sample of DAWN
  facilities and are, therefore, not directly comparable to trend data
  presented in Quick Facts Tables I-H-2 and I-H-3.

 Source:
  National Institute on Drug Abuse.  DAWN SUICIDE CASES; 1986.
  Rockville, MD: NIDA, Division of Epidemiology  and Statistical
  Analysis, 1988.

 (Entered : 4/88)

 Alcohol Involvement in U.S. Aviation Accidents, 1975-81

 --------------------------------------------------------------------------
                     All Aviation
 --------------------------------------------------------------------------
                     Total   1981   1980   1979   1978   1977   1976   1975
 --------------------------------------------------------------------------
 All accidents      28,849  3,715  3,820  4,016  4,498  4,306  4,217  4,232

 Fatal accidents     4,947    707    675    687    794    706    704    674

 Conclusive toxico-
  logy tests *       3,536    524    481    500    553    506    494    478

 Positive alcohol
  tests                358     55     60     39     54     48     52     30

 Percent positive     10.1   10.5   12.5    7.8    9.8    9.5   10.5   10.5

 Other known alcohol-
  involved accidents **
                       102      9      5      8     18     24     19     19

 Total alcohol-involved
  accidents            460     64     65     47     72     72     71     69
                      (791 persons killed)
 --------------------------------------------------------------------------

                     Commuter
 --------------------------------------------------------------------------
                     Total   1981   1980   1979   1978   1977   1976   1975
 --------------------------------------------------------------------------
 All accidents         311     33     38     52     61     44     35     48

 Fatal accidents        77     10      8     15     14      9      9     12

 Conclusive toxicology
  tests *               47      5      5      9      6      4      7     11

 Positive alcohol tests  3      -      1      1      -      -      -      1

 Percent positive      6.4      -   20.0   11.1      -      -      -    9.1

 Other known alcohol-
  involved accidents **  1      -      -      1      -      -      -      -

 Total alcohol-involved
  accidents              4      -      1      2      -      -      -      1
                        (6 persons killed)
 --------------------------------------------------------------------------

                     On-Demand Air Taxi
 --------------------------------------------------------------------------
                     Total   1981   1980   1979   1978   1977   1976   1975
 --------------------------------------------------------------------------
 All accidents       1,130    155    170    160    198    158    137    152

 Fatal accidents       254     39     45     30     54     31     31     24

 Conclusive toxicology
  tests *              162     23     29     24     34     23     15     14

 Positive alcohol tests 12      2      2      2      2      3      -      1

 Percent positive      7.4    8.7    6.9    8.3    5.9   13.0      -    7.1

 Other known alcohol-
  involved accidents **  4      -      1      1      2      -      -      -

 Total alcohol-involved
  accidents             16      2      3      3      4      3      -      1
                       (43 persons killed)
 --------------------------------------------------------------------------
                     General Aviation
 --------------------------------------------------------------------------
                     Total   1981   1980   1979   1978   1977   1976   1975
 --------------------------------------------------------------------------
 All accidents      27,249  3,502  3,597  3,825  4,218  4,083  4,023  4,006

 Fatal accidents     4,596    654    622    638    721    663    662    636

 Conclusive toxicology
  tests *            3,256    487    438    455    502    469    462    443

 Positive alcohol
  tests                343     53     57     36     52     45     52     48

 Percent positive     10.5   10.9   13.0    7.9   10.4    9.6   11.3   10.9

 Other known alcohol-
  involved accidents ** 97      9      4      6     16     24     19     19

 Total alcohol-involved
  accidents            440     62     61     42     68     69     71     67
                      (742 persons killed)
 --------------------------------------------------------------------------
 * "Conclusive toxicology tests" are those in which samples were adequate
   for testing for alcohol, and appropriate testing was performed.
   Toxicological tests are not always possible.

 ** The category "Other known alcohol-involved accidents" comprises fatal
    and nonfatal accidents in which alcohol involvement was determined from
    witness statements.

 SOURCE: National Transportation Safety Board.  Safety Study: Statistical
         Review of Alcohol-Involved Aviation Accidents.  NTSB No. SS-84-03.
         NTIS No. PB84-917003.  Washington, DC: NTSB, 1984.

 (Entered 4/88)


 NIDA Household Survey: Percent Reporting Problems in Lifetime Attributed
 to Use of Alcohol by Age Group for the Total Sample, Users Only, and
 Those Who Had 5 or More Drinks on the Same Occasion on 5 or More of the
 Past 30 Days, 1985

 --------------------------------------------------------------------------
 Problems in Lifetime                Age Group (Years)
 Attributed to            --------------------------------------
 Alcohol Use              12-17      18-25      26-34       35+       Total
 --------------------------------------------------------------------------

 Total Sample
                         2,246 *    1,813      2,166      1,813      8,038
  Tried to cut down       11.8       28.8       26.5       19.1       21.3
  Larger amounts           6.7       13.8       10.7        4.1        7.3
  Every day                3.1       13.5       17.8       15.0       13.9
  Needed, dependent        2.5        5.0        7.7        4.4        4.9
  Withdrawal symptoms      1.4        3.0        4.1        2.0        2.5

 Used Alcohol at Least Once
                         1,116      1,578      1,942      1,486      6,122
  Tried to cut down       21.5       31.3       28.4       21.8       24.8
  Larger amounts          12.2       14.9       11.5        4.7        8.6
  Every day                5.6       14.6       19.2       17.1       16.2
  Needed, dependent        4.5        5.4        8.3        5.0        5.7
  Withdrawal symptoms      2.6        3.2        4.4        2.3        2.9

 Five or More Drinks on Same Occasion
  on Five or More Days in Past 30 Days
                            62        154        171         87        474
  Tried to cut down       34.2       50.1       52.9       54.7       51.6
  Larger amounts          50.5       39.7       31.3       16.5       29.8
  Every day               32.6       46.1       41.9       66.1       51.3
  Needed, dependent       10.4       14.8       21.9       22.7       19.4
  Withdrawal symptoms      4.1        7.2       14.5       15.9       12.2
 --------------------------------------------------------------------------
 *  Figures in brackets      are unweighted Ns for the sample.

 Questions:
  (1) Have you ever tried to cut down on your use of any of these drugs?
  (2) Circle the number next to each drug for which you have needed larger
      amounts to get the same effect or that you could no longer get high
      on the amount you used to use.
  (3) Circle the number next to each drug you have ever used every day or
      almost daily for two or more weeks in a row.
  (4) Circle the number next to each drug you felt you needed or were
      dependent on.
  (5) Circle the number next to each drug for which you've had withdrawal
      symptoms, that is, you felt sick because you stopped or cut down on
      your use of it.

 Source: NIDA, National Household Survey on Drug Abuse: Main Findings 1985.
         DHHS Pub. No. (ADM)88-1586. 1988.

 (Entered: 10/88)


 NIDA Household Survey: Percent of Past Year Drinkers Reporting Problems
 in the Past Year Associated with Their Alcohol Use by Age Group, 1985

 --------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                          Age Group (Years)
 Problems Associated with         --------------------------------
 Drinking During Past Year *      12-17    18-25    26-34     35+     Total
 --------------------------------------------------------------------------

 Agressive or cross
   while drinking.                 21.2     28.4     23.6     14.3     19.8
 Heated argument while drinking.   11.1     18.8     13.8      7.5     11.5
 Stayed away from work or school.   4.8     11.2      6.8      1.3      4.8
 High or tight on job or
   at school.                       9.5      9.1      4.9      1.6      4.4
 Lost or nearly lost job.           0.9      1.2      1.8      1.1      1.3
 Partner told me I should cut
   down.                           11.3     10.4     12.4     10.7     11.0
 Relative told me I should cut
   down.                            6.0      8.5      7.4      5.6      6.6
 Friend told me I should cut
   down.                            5.8      5.2      4.2      3.2      4.0
 Tossed down drinks fast to
   get effect.                     29.2     21.6     14.0      4.4     11.9
 Afraid I might be or become
   alcoholic.                      12.7      8.7     10.6      6.1      8.1
 Stayed drunk for more than
   one day.                         6.8      7.0      4.6      2.0      4.0
 Difficult for me to stop drinking. 9.5     10.6     10.0      3.7      7.0
 Unable to remember what happened. 24.7     26.1     16.6      7.5     14.6
 Quick drink when no one
   was looking.                    17.7      4.0      4.5      2.1      4.2
 Drink first thing in the morning.  1.6      1.9      1.9      1.9      1.9
 Hands shook after drinking
   day before.                      3.9      7.9      4.3      2.6      4.2
 Got high or tight while
   drinking alone.                  9.0      8.0     12.0      8.4      9.1
 Keep on drinking after
   promising myself not to.         8.3      7.9      8.6      5.1      6.7

        Unweighted N             1,017    1,469    1,744    1,121    5,351
 --------------------------------------------------------------------------
 * Only respondents who reported having had at least one drink in the past
   12 months are included.

 Source: NIDA, National Household Survey on Drug Abuse: Main Findings 1985.
         DHHS Pub. No. (ADM)88-1586, 1988.

 (Entered: 10/88)


 Age-Adjusted Percent of Persons 20 Years of Age and Over Who Had Selected
 Unhealthy Behaviors by Smoking Status, Number of Cigarettes Smoked Daily,
 Health Practices, and Sex:  United States, 1985.

 --------------------------------------------------------------------------
                       Smoking Status               Number of cigarettes
                                                           daily (c)
             ---------------------------------    -------------------------
             All                                  Less
             Smoking   Never   Former  Current    than                35 or
             Statuses  Smoker  Smoker  Smoker     15    15-24  25-34  More
 --------------------------------------------------------------------------
   Heavier drinker (a)

 Both sexes    7.8       3.6     8.9    12.6       9.5  10.7   16.9   22.5
 Male         13.1       7.9    12.7    18.9      15.3  15.5   21.8   28.9
 Female        3.0       1.1     3.7     6.1       5.2   5.7   10.2    9.5

   Consumes Five Drinks or More (b)

 Both sexes   12.1       6.8    14.1    18.7      13.6  19.0   22.1   26.2
 Male         20.5      13.8    21.2    28.7      23.0  29.3   30.6   33.0
 Female        4.6       2.2     5.0     8.5       6.7   8.7   10.4   13.2

   Sleeps Six Hours or Less

 Both sexes   22.3      21.0    21.2    24.6      22.6  23.3   27.1   31.6
 Male         22.8      21.5    22.5    24.9      23.7  22.5   26.0   31.1
 Female       21.6      20.4    19.9    24.4      21.8  23.9   28.6   34.1

   Never eats Breakfast

 Both sexes   24.4      18.1    21.2    35.4      26.7  35.9   42.1   47.6
 Male         24.8      18.9    22.3    33.3      23.4  31.9   39.4   45.5
 Female       24.0      17.7    19.8    37.6      29.2  39.8   45.9   51.7

   Snacks Daily

 Both sexes   38.4      38.4    40.8    36.9      33.6  36.8   40.4   42.4
 Male         39.6      39.3    40.4    38.5      34.7  38.2   42.3   42.5
 Female       37.4      37.6    41.5    35.3      32.7  35.2   37.7   42.5

   Less Physically Active (d)

 Both sexes   18.9      17.2    18.4    21.8      20.8  21.0   23.1   26.1
 Male         15.7      13.2    14.6    18.8      18.0  17.7   19.0   23.6
 Female       21.9      19.9    23.3    24.9      23.0  24.5   29.9   30.9

   Sedentary (e)

 Both sexes   56.7      55.6    52.3    60.6      57.0  61.7   64.1   64.7
 Male         51.0      46.6    47.7    57.2      53.0  57.6   60.5   62.1
 Female       61.8      61.1    58.5    64.3      60.0  65.7   68.8   70.5

   Overweight (f)

 Both sexes   24.6      26.4    27.0    19.6      19.3  17.4   22.2   22.4
 Male         26.5      28.1    30.0    21.2      19.4  18.7   23.0   27.2
 Female       22.7      24.9    23.0    17.9      19.3  16.0   20.5   19.7
 --------------------------------------------------------------------------
 Source:  Charlotte A. Schoeburn, M.P.H., and Veronica Benson, Division of
          Health
   Interview Statistics.  NCHS ADVANCE DATA;  No. 154; May 27, 1988:
   Relationships Between Smoking and Other Unhealthy Habits: United States,
   1985.

 a. Measure developed by the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and
    Alcoholism.  Categories based on ounces of ethanol consumed during the
    past two weeks; heavier drinker is defined as having had an average 1.0
    ounce of ethanol (two drinks)or more per day.
 b. Five drinks or more on ten days or more in the past year.
 c. Current smokers only.
 d. Based on perceived level of physical activity.
 e. Sedentary equals energy expenditure on leisure activity of 0.0-1.4.
    kilocalories/kilogram/day.
 f. Twenty % or more above desirable weight.  Based on 1983 Metropolitan
    Life Insurance Company standards (1983 Statist. bull. 64(1): (2-9).
    National Health Interview Survey data are self-reported and estimates
    may vary form those that would be obtained if physical measurements
    were taken.

 (Entered:  10/89)


COSTS TO SOCIETY (SOCCOST)

 Costs to Society: Alcohol Abuse/Drug Abuse/Mental Illness, U.S.'80
 (in millions of dollars)

 --------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                   Other
                                         Alcohol    Drug    Mental    Total
 Types of Costs                           Abuse    Abuse   Illness     (e)
 --------------------------------------------------------------------------
 Core costs
  Direct
    Treatment                             9,487    1,200   20,961   31,647
    Support                                 984      243    2,597    3,823
  Indirect
    Mortality (a)                        14,456    1,980    7,196   23,632
    Morbidity (b)                        54,680   26,028   21,664  102,372
      Reduced productivity (c)          (50,575) (25,716)  (3,122) (79,413)
      Lost employment                    (4,105)    (312) (18,542) (22,959)
                                         -------  -------  -------  -------
  Total (e)                              79,607   29,451   52,418  161,476

 Other related costs
  Direct
    Motor vehicle crashes(property loss)  2,185      (d)        -    2,185
    Crime (b)                             2,347    5,910      870    9,127
      Public                             (2,062)  (4,454)    (635)  (7,151)
      Private                              (261)  (1,345)    (235)  (1,841)
      Property loss/damage                  (24)    (111)      (-)    (135)
    Social welfare programs                  38        2      201      241
    Other                                 2,912      537      659    4,108

  Indirect
    Victims of crime                        172      845        -    1,017
    Crime careers                             -    8,725        -    8,725
    Incarceration                         1,801    1,466       88    3,356
    Motor vehicle crashes (time loss)       464      (d)        -      464
                                        -------  -------  -------  -------
  Total (e)                               9,919   17,485    1,818   29,222
 --------------------------------------------------------------------------
 Total (c,e)                             89,526   46,936   54,236  190,698
 --------------------------------------------------------------------------
  SOURCE: Adapted from Harwood et al. 1984
  (a) At 6 percent discount rate.
  (b) Components are indicated in parentheses.
  (c) Total costs for each of the 3 disorders are not comparable because
      the completeness of data available for each category varied
      significantly.  For example, the estimate of reduced productivity is
      relatively complete for alcohol abuse, partially complete for drug
      abuse, and incomplete for mental illness.
  (d) Although costs are hypothesized to occur in this category, data are
      insufficient for a reliable estimate.
  (e) Totals may not add exactly because of rounding.


 Economic Costs to Society of Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism, U.S.'83

 ----------------------------------------------------------------
                                                        Costs
 Types of Costs                                      ($ millions)
 ----------------------------------------------------------------

 Core costs
  Direct
    Treatment (a)                                        $13,457
    Health support services                                1,549
  Indirect
    Mortality (b)                                         18,151
    Reduced productivity                                  65,582
    Lost employment                                        5,323
 Other related costs
  Direct
    Motor vehicle crashes                                  2,697
    Crime                                                  2,631
    Social welfare administration                             49
    Other                                                  3,673
  Indirect
    Victims of crime                                         194
    Incarceration                                          2,979
    Motor vehicle crashes                                    590
                                                        --------
  Total                                                 $116,875
 ----------------------------------------------------------------
  SOURCE: Harwood et al. 1985.
  (a) For alcohol abuse and alcoholism, liver cirrhosis, other illnesses,
      motor vehicle crashes, and other injuries.
  (b) At 6 percent discount rate.

 Public Revenues From Taxation of Alcohol Beverages, 1964-1987
 (in $1,000)

 Total Public Revenues From Taxation of Alcohol Beverages
 by Beverage Type, 1964-1987 (in $1,000)

 --------------------------------------------------------------
                Total      Distilled
 Year          Revenue      Spirits         Wine         Beer
 --------------------------------------------------------------
 1964        5,529,631    3,793,386      243,208    1,493,037
 1965        5,766,694    4,014,108      231,121    1,521,465
 1966        5,982,041    4,163,207      256,699    1,562,135
 1967        6,558,258    4,574,693      276,737    1,706,828
 1968        6,878,964    4,809,724      314,644    1,754,596

 1969        7,545,539    5,272,616      337,219    1,935,704
 1970        7,759,264    5,331,290      372,971    2,055,003
 1971        8,191,528    5,506,000      465,636    2,219,892
 1972        8,446,325    5,716,157      508,365    2,221,803
 1973        8,959,757    6,030,002      494,659    2,435,096

 1974        9,531,820    6,280,747      529,326    2,721,747
 1975        9,676,261    6,299,055      575,028    2,802,174
 1976        9,761,063    6,251,499      533,058    2,976,506
 1977       10,089,454    6,442,979      554,040    3,092,433
 1978       10,892,379    6,947,042      612,200    3,328,117

 1979       11,083,056    6,846,244      764,038    3,472,774
 1980       11,317,491    6,779,670      847,957    3,689,864
 1981       11,820,087    6,951,168      938,978    3,929,944
 1982       11,819,569    6,766,020      980,682    4 072,868
 1983       12,204,079    6,931,162    1,027,208    4,254,709

 1984       12,298,440    6,741,832    1,118,494    4,438,114
 1985(2)    12,596,539    6,773,937    1,151,240    4,671,361
 1986(1)(2) 13,003,079    7,012,096    1,291,774    4,699,209
 1987(2)    13,371,957    7,102,771    1,128,357    5,140,829
 --------------------------------------------------------------
 Note:  Because of rounding, items may not add to totals.
        State and local collections include brandy revenues with
        wine revenues before 1976 and with spirits revenues
        beginning in 1976.

 (1) Revised

 (2) 1985, 1986 and 1987 federal revenues are for fiscal
     year ending September 30.

 Source:  The Bottom Line, Volume 9, Number 2,1989.

 (Entered:  6/90)


 Tax Revenue per Capita from Combined State and Local Alcohol Beverage
 Collection, 1987

 ---------------------------------------------------------------
 License            Population(1)   Revenues   Per Capita
 States               (1,000)       ($1,000)     Revenue    Rank
 ---------------------------------------------------------------
 Alaska                    525       $14,246       $27.14    32
 Arizona                 3,386       116,537        34.42    19
 Arkansas                2,388        43,884        18.38    48
 California             27,663       551,684        19.94    47
 Colorado                3,296       102,888        31.22    21

 Connecticut             3,211       121,063        37.70    12
 Delaware                  644         5,573         8.65    51
 D.C                       622        41,105        66.08     2
 Florida                12,023       633,004        52.65     5
 Georgia                 6,222       313,337        50.36     6

 Hawaii                  1,083        65,509        60.49     3
 Illinois               11,582       338,844        29.26    29
 Indiana                 5,531       112,032        20.26    46
 Kansas                  2,746        52,198        21.08    43
 Kentucky                3,727        68,002        18.25    49

 Louisiana               4,461       124,966        28.01    30
 Maryland                4,535       100,573        22.18    41
 Massachusetts           5,855       106,799        18.24    50
 Minnesota               4,246       153,155        36.07    15
 Missouri                5,103       103,639        20.31    45

 Nebraska                1,594        33,561        21.05    44
 Nevada                  1,007        79,735        79.18     1
 New Jersey              7,672       175,410        22.86    40
 New Mexico              1,500        46,164        30.78    23
 New York               17,825       465,858        26.14    34

 North Dakota              672        19,948        29.68    27
 Oklahoma                3,272        77,422        23.66    38
 Rhode Island              986        29,578        30.00    26
 South Carolina          3,425       161,405        47.13     8
 South Dakota              709        25,763        36.34    14
 Tennessee               4,855       203,458        41.91    11
 Texas                  16.789       520,019        30.97    22
 Wisconsin               4,807       123,086        25.61    35
 ---------------------------------------------------------------
 License State
 Total                 173,692    $5,130,446       $29.54
 --------------------------------------------------------------

 --------------------------------------------------------------
 Control            Population(1)   Revenues   Per Capita

 States               (1,000)        (1,000)     Revenue   Rank
 --------------------------------------------------------------
 Alabama                 4,083      $199,292       $48.41     7
 Idaho                     998        30,237        30.30    25
 Iowa                    2,834        77,687        27.41    31
 Maine                   1,187        49,990        42.11    10
 Michigan                9,200       279,921        30.43    24

 Mississippi             2,625        94,261        35.91    17
 Montana                   809        19,482        24.08    37
 New Hampshire           1,057        46,280        43.78     9
 North Carolina          6,413       230,416        35.93    16
 Ohio                      672        19,948        29.68    27

 Oregon                  2,724        63,562        23.33    39
 Pennsylvania           11,936       305,337        25.58    36
 Utah                    1,680        45,559        27.12    33
 Vermont                   548        20,449        37.32    13
 Virginia                5,904       207,900        35.21    18
 Washington              4,538       284,564        54.77     4
 West Virginia           1,897        41,355        21.80    42
 Wyoming                   490        15,344        31.31    20
 --------------------------------------------------------------
 Control States
 Total                  69,707    $2,291,832       $32.88

 --------------------------------------------------------------
 Note:  Alcohol revenues are broken down into those generated
        from license states and those which come from control
        states.  The primary difference between these two
        categories is that control states exercise a more complete
        control over liquor distribution by acting as the
        wholesale agent for both on-premise and off-premise
        outlets.  These wholesale markup profits generate
        substantially more revenue for the states involved
        in this system.

 Source:  The Bottom Line, Volume 9, Number 2, 1989

 (Entered  6/90)


 State Alcohol Beverage and Distilled Spirits Tax Revenues
 as Percentages of Total State Tax Revenues, 1987

 ---------------------------------------------------------------
                                        Percentage of Total
                                           Revenues From
                    Gross            ---------------------------
 License        State Revenues        Alcohol         Distilled
 States            ($1,000)          Beverages         Spirits
 ---------------------------------------------------------------
 Alaska             $1,066,057         1.34%            0.68%
 Arizona             3,487,669         2.93%            0.98%
 Arkansas            1,891,171         2.19%            0.74%
 California         35,994,177         1.31%            0.57%
 Colorado            2,565,675         2.60%            1.09%

 Connecticut         4,399,999         2.75%            1.30%
 Delaware              946,495         0.59%            0.40%
 D.C.                1,914,657         2.15%            1.11%
 Florida             9,875,456         6.41%            2.33%
 Georgia             5,331,241         3.26%            1.10%

 Hawaii              1,710,095         3.61%            0.92%
 Illinois           10,465,913         2.48%            0.97%
 Indiana             4,786,013         2.34%            0.87%
 Kansas              2,095,134         2.45%            0.94%
 Kentucky            3,557,498         1.72%            0.66%

 Louisiana           3,448,641         2.80%            0.87%
 Maryland            5,265,882         1.57%            0.66%
 Massachusetts       8,482,918         1.19%            0.71%
 Minnesota           5,558,824         2.44%            1.18%
 Missouri            3,947,434         2.37%            0.88%

 Nebraska            1,204,451         2.43%            0.81%
 Nevada              1,136,490         4.55%            2.07%
 New Jersey          9,560,815         1.58%            0.83%
 New Mexico          1,588,002         2.57%            0.82%
 New York           24,741,853         1.46%            0.80%

 North Dakota          573,491         3.10%            1.23%
 Oklahoma            2,683,113         2.49%            1.19%
 Rhode Island        1,055,642         2.68%            1.06%
 South Carolina      3,176,804         5.08%            1.95%
 South Dakota          417,070         4.27%            1.79%
 Tennessee           3,618,615         3.10%            1.28%
 Texas              11,279,430         4.27%            1.47%
 Wisconsin           5,691,243         2.05%            0.89%
 ---------------------------------------------------------------
 License State
 Total            $183,517,968         2.38%            0.98%
 ---------------------------------------------------------------

 ---------------------------------------------------------------
                                        Percentage of Total
                                           Revenues From
                    Gross            ---------------------------
 Control        State Revenues        Alcohol         Distilled
 States            ($1,000)          Beverages         Spirits
 ---------------------------------------------------------------
 Alabama            $3,255,714         4.42%            2.21%
 Idaho                 840,842         3.48%            1.63%
 Iowa                2,688,629         2.82%            1.11%
 Maine               1,306,362         3.83%            2.01%
 Michigan            9,921,962         2.82%            1.59%

 Mississippi         1,975,159         4.77%            2.22%
 Montana               596,331         3.22%            2.28%
 New Hampshire         612,573         7.55%            4.52%
 North Carolina      6,235,163         3.37%            1.72%
 Ohio                9,807,578         3.06%            1.52%

 Oregon              2,313,793         2.75%            2.20%
 Pennsylvania       11,484,110         2.66%            1.53%
 Utah                1,464,558         3.03%            1.56%
 Vermont               547,802         3.70%            2.24%
 Virginia            5,587,042         3.44%            1.82%
 Washington          5,666,978         4.09%            2.52%
 West Virginia       1,838,863         2.09%            0.81%
 Wyoming               635,064         1.86%            0.92%
 --------------------------------------------------------------
 Control States
 Total             $66,778,523         2.23%            1.75%
 --------------------------------------------------------------
 Note:  Alcohol revenues are broken down into those generated
        from license states and those which come from control
        states.  The primary difference between these two
        categories is that control states exercise a more complete
        control over liquor distribution by acting as the
        wholesale agent for both on-premise and off-premise
        outlets.  These wholesale markup profits generate
        substantially more revenue for the states involved
        in this system.

 Source:  The Bottom Line, Volume 9, Number 2, 1989

 (Entered  6/90))

 Combined State and Local Tax Collections by Beverage Type, 1987
 (in $1,000)

 ---------------------------------------------------------------
 License           Distilled
 States             Spirits        Wine        Beer        Total
 ---------------------------------------------------------------
 Alaska               $7,198     $1,548      $5,500      $14,246
 Arizona              38,471     17,704      60,362      116,537
 Arkansas             14,609      2,482      26,793       43,884
 California          227,410     93,985     230,289      551,684
 Colorado             39,811     13,146      49,931      102,888

 Connecticut          57,230     17,721      46,112      121,063
 Delaware              3,744        739       1,091        5,573
 D.C.                 21,265      7,050      12,789       41,105
 Florida             229,904    101,802     301,298      633,004
 Georgia              91,973     31,297     190,067      313,337

 Hawaii               16,839      7,467      41,203       65,509
 Illinois            132,221     40,977     165,646      338,844
 Indiana              41,809     10,190      60,032      112,032
 Kansas               19,718      4,185      28,296       52,198
 Kentucky             28,682      5,020      34,301       68,002

 Louisiana            37,311      7,326      80,329      124,966
 Maryland             41,999     12,970      45,604      100,573
 Massachusetts        62,902     15,090      28,807      106,799
 Minnesota            71,960     14,097      67,098      153,155
 Missouri             37,884     10,830      54,925      103,639

 Nebraska             10,886      3,256      19,419       33,561
 Nevada               34,892     11,631      33,213       79,735
 New Jersey           87,789     28,103      59,518      175,410
 New Mexico           14,366      6,124      25,674       46,164
 New York            237,262     55,178     173,417      465,858

 North Dakota          7,790      1,461      10,697       19,948
 Oklahoma             35,006      6,737      35,679       77,422
 Rhode Island         11,568      4,656      13,354       29,578
 South Carolina       61,966     11,610      87,829      161,405
 South Dakota         10,208      2,199      13,356       25,763
 Tennessee            70,430     15,204     117,824      203,458
 Texas               174,485     40,259     305,275      520,019
 Wisconsin            52,609     10,890      59,587      123,086
 ---------------------------------------------------------------
 License State
 Total            $2,032,196   $612,933  $2,485,317   $5,130,446
 ---------------------------------------------------------------

 ---------------------------------------------------------------
 Control          Distilled
 States            Spirits        Wine        Beer        Total
 --------------------------------------------------------------
 Alabama            $75,591    $12,136    $111,565     $199,292
 Idaho               13,977      3,946      12,315       30,237
 Iowa                30,432      7,932      39,323       77,687
 Maine               26,276      4,580      19,134       49,990
 Michigan           157,399     21,674     100,848      279,921

 Mississippi         43,858      4,991      45,412       94,261
 Montana             13,680      2,143       3,659       19,482
 New Hampshire       27,688      6,391      12,201       46,280
 North Carolina     110,051     22,017      98,348      230,416
 Ohio               153,139     21,150     141,908      316,197

 Oregon              50,987      6,391       6,184       63,562
 Pennsylvania       175,636     49,451      80,249      305,337
 Utah                23,394      6,215      15,950       45,559
 Vermont             12,281      1,820       6,348       20,449
 Virginia           104,607     20,294      82,999      207,900
 Washington         149,218     38,904      60,443      248,564
 West Virginia       17,713      2,334      21,309       41,355
 Wyoming              7,024      1,765       6,537       15,344
 --------------------------------------------------------------
 Control States
 Total           $1,192,967   $234,134    $864,731   $2,291,832
 --------------------------------------------------------------
 Note:  Alcohol revenues are broken down into those generated
        from license states and those which come from control
        states.  The primary difference between these two
        categories is that control states exercise a more complete
        control over liquor distribution by acting as the
        wholesale agent for both on-premise and off-premise
        outlets.  These wholesale markup profits generate
        substantially more revenue for the states involved
        in this system.

 Source:  The Bottom Line, Volume 9, Number 2, 1989

 (Entered  6/90)

 Advertising Expenditures for Alcoholic Beverages by Type
 (in $ millions)

 ------------------------------------------------------------
 Television         Beer       Wine       Spirits       Total
 ------------------------------------------------------------
   1989            602.4       69.3          0.1       671.8
   1988            679.7      139.5          0.5       819.7
   1987            635.2      197.5          1.7       834.4
   1986            617.2      209.2          0.1       826.5
   1985            539.4      151.2          0.4       691.0
   1984            532.9      125.3          0.0       658.2
   1980            312.2       98.0          0.0       410.2
   1975            101.0       38.0          0.0       139.0

 ------------------------------------------------------------
  Radio             Beer       Wine       Spirits       Total
 ------------------------------------------------------------
   1989            127.6       20.6           0.2       148.4
   1988            144.8       15.5           1.0       161.3
   1987            152.6       20.6           0.7       173.9
   1986            174.5       27.2           0.0       201.7
   1985            160.6       30.5           0.0       191.1
   1984            166.0       23.4           0.0       189.4
   1980             75.4       14.0           0.0        89.4
   1975             25.6        9.4           0.0        35.0

 ------------------------------------------------------------
 Magazine           Beer       Wine       Spirits       Total
 ------------------------------------------------------------
   1989             26.1       16.2         214.2       256.5
   1988             18.0       14.1         179.6       211.7
   1987             21.0       16.2         169.1       206.3
   1986             36.9       19.5         169.0       225.4
   1985             36.2       22.8         179.9       238.9
   1984             20.3       15.7         193.2       229.2
   1980             15.9       15.1         207.6       238.6
   1975              4.5        8.4          90.9       103.8

 ------------------------------------------------------------
 Outdoor            Beer       Wine       Spirits       Total
 ------------------------------------------------------------
   1989             19.8        0.8          36.9        57.5
   1988             22.5        1.5          34.1        58.1
   1987             22.5        4.8          42.1        69.4
   1986             15.7        0.9          45.9        62.5
   1985             12.7        1.3          63.3        77.3
   1984             14.5        2.3          70.1        86.9
   1980              6.3        0.1          53.5        59.9
   1975              2.0        0.7          38.7        41.4

 ------------------------------------------------------------
 Newspapers         Beer       Wine       Spirits       Total
 ------------------------------------------------------------
   1989             31.5        6.2          14.9        52.6
   1988             33.5        6.4          17.9        57.8
   1987             31.0       15.9          31.6        78.5
   1986             28.1        7.7          34.9        70.7
   1985             20.2       13.1          51.5        84.8
   1984             21.1       15.0          74.4       110.5
   1980              9.5       10.6          74.0        94.1
   1975              6.0        2.6          64.2        72.8

 ------------------------------------------------------------
 Supplements        Beer       Wine       Spirits       Total
 ------------------------------------------------------------
   1989              1.0        1.8          10.9        13.7
   1988              0.8        1.9           7.4        10.1
   1987              0.3        1.0           7.8         9.1
   1986              1.0        1.2          10.0        12.2
   1985              0.9        1.8           7.8        10.5
   1984              0.4        1.2           8.4        10.0
   1980              0.3        1.3          12.9        14.5
   1975              0.5        0.3           2.8         3.6

 ------------------------------------------------------------
 All Types          Beer       Wine       Spirits       Total
 ------------------------------------------------------------
   1989            808.4      114.8         277.2      1200.4
   1988            899.3      179.1         240.5      1318.9
   1987            862.7      256.0         253.1      1371.8
   1986            873.4      265.9         259.9      1399.2
   1985            770.0      220.7         303.0      1293.7
   1984            755.3      182.9         346.2      1284.4
   1980            419.6      139.1         348.0       906.7
   1975            139.6       59.4         196.6       395.6

 ------------------------------------------------------------
 Notes:
     1.  Wine category includes wine coolers as of 1983.
     2.  Totals calculated after rounding of components.
     3.  Television includes network, spot, syndicated and
         cable TV.
     4.  Radio includes network and spot.

 Sources:  Impact; Volume 16, NOS. 14 & 15, 1986.
                   Volume 18, NOS. 15 & 16, 1988.
                   Volume 19, NOS. 16 & 17, 1989.
                   Volume 20, NO.       19, 1990
                   LNA, BAR, and IMPACT DATABANK.

 (Entered 2/91)


ATTITUDES AND PERCEPTIONS CONCERNING ALCOHOL (OPINION)

 Trends in Perceived Harmfulness of Alcohol, U.S. H.S. Srs., '75-88

 --------------------------------------------------------------------------
                               Percentage saying "great risk" *
  Question   ------------------------------------------------------
                      1975   1976   1977   1978   1979   1980   1981   1982
 --------------------------------------------------------------------------
 Q:  How much do you think people risk harming themselves (phycially or in
     other ways), if they...

 Try 1 or 2 drinks
 of an alcoholic
 beverage (beer,
 wine, liquor)         5.3    4.8    4.1    3.4    4.1    3.8    4.6    3.5

 Take 1 or 2 drinks
 nearly every day     21.5   21.2   18.5   19.6   22.6   20.3   21.6   21.6

 Take 4 or 5 drinks
 nearly every day     63.5   61.0   62.9   63.1   66.2   65.7   64.5   65.5

 Have 5 or more
 drinks once or
 twice each
 weekend              37.8   37.0   34.7   34.5   34.9   35.9   36.3   36.0


 --------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                 Percentage saying "great risk" *
  Question --------------------------------------------------------
                           1983   1984   1985   1986   1987   1988
 --------------------------------------------------------------------------
 Q:  How much do you think people risk harming themselves (phycially or in
     other ways), if they...

 Try 1 or 2 drinks
 of an alcoholic
 beverage (beer,
 wine, liquor)              4.2    4.6    5.0    4.6    6.2    6.0

 Take 1 or 2 drinks
 nearly every day          21.6   23.0   24.4   25.1   26.2   27.3

 Take 4 or 5 drinks
 nearly every day          66.8   68.4   69.8   66.5   69.7   68.5

 Have 5 or more
 drinks once or
 twice each
 weekend                   38.6   41.7   43.0   39.1   41.9   42.6
 --------------------------------------------------------------------------
 *  Answer alternatives were:  (1) no risk, (2) slight risk, (3) moderate
    risk, (4) great risk, and (5) Can't say, drug unfamiliar.

 Sources:National Institute on Drug Abuse.  NATIONAL TRENDS IN DRUG USE AND
         RELATED FACTORS AMONG AMERICAN HIGH SCHOOL STUDENTS AND YOUNG
         ADULTS, 1975-1988. Rockville, MD: DHHS Pub. No. (ADM)87-1535, 1987
      &
         National Institute on Drug Abuse.  Monitoring the Future: A
         Continuing Study of the Lifestyles and Values of Youth, pre-
         publication press release, February, 1989.

 (Entered: 3/89)

 Trends in Disapproval of Alcohol Use, U.S. High School Srs.,'75-88

 --------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                 Percentage "disapproving" *
  Question  -------------------------------------------------------
                       1975  1976  1977  1978  1979  1980  1981  1982  1983
 --------------------------------------------------------------------------
 Q:  Do you disapprove of people (who are 18 or older) doing each of the
     following? **

 Try 1 or 2 drinks
 of an alcoholic
 beverage (beer,
 wine, liquor)         21.6  18.2  15.6  15.6  15.8  16.0  17.2  18.2  18.4

 Take 1 or 2 drinks
 nearly every day      67.6  68.9  66.8  67.7  68.3  69.0  69.1  69.9  68.9

 Take 4 or 5 drinks
 nearly every day      88.7  90.7  88.4  90.2  91.7  90.8  91.8  90.9  90.0

 Have 5 or more
 drinks once or
 twice each
 weekend               60.3  58.6  57.4  56.2  56.7  55.6  55.5  58.8  56.6
 --------------------------------------------------------------------------


 --------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                     Percentage "disapproving" *
  Question --------------------------------------------------------
                       1984   1985   1986   1987   1988
 --------------------------------------------------------------------------
 Q:  Do you disapprove of people (who are 18 or older) doing each of the
     following? **

 Try 1 or 2 drinks
 of an alcoholic
 beverage (beer,
 wine, liquor)         17.4   20.3   20.9   21.4   22.6

 Take 1 or 2 drinks
 nearly every day      72.9   70.9   72.8   74.2   75.0

 Take 4 or 5 drinks
 nearly every day      91.0   92.0   91.4   92.2   92.8

 Have 5 or more
 drinks once or
 twice each
 weekend               59.6   60.4   62.4   62.0   65.3
 --------------------------------------------------------------------------
 *  Answer alternatives were:  (1) don't disapprove, (2) disapprove, and
    (3) strongly disapprove. Percentages are shown for categories (2) & (3)
    combined.

 ** The 1975 question asked about people who are "20 or older."

 Sources:National Institute on Drug Abuse.  NATIONAL TRENDS IN DRUG USE AND
         RELATED FACTORS AMONG AMERICAN HIGH SCHOOL STUDENTS AND YOUNG
         ADULTS, 1975-1988. Rockville, MD: DHHS Pub. No. (ADM)87-1535, 1987
      &
         National Institute on Drug Abuse.  Monitoring the Future: A
         Continuing Study of the Lifestyles and Values of Youth, pre-
         publication press release, February, 1989.

 (Entered: 3/89)

 Trends in Attitudes-Legality of Alcohol Use,U.S. H.S. Srs., '75-88

 --------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                 Percentage saying "yes" *
  Question   ----------------------------------------------------------
                 1977  1978  1979  1980  1981  1982  1983  1984  1985  1986
 --------------------------------------------------------------------------
 Q:  Do you think that people (who are 18 or older) should be prohibited by
     law from doing each of the following?

 Get drunk in
 private         18.6  17.4  16.8  16.7  19.6  19.4  19.9  19.7  19.8  18.5

 Get drunk in
 public places   49.0  50.3  50.4  48.3  49.1  50.7  52.2  51.1  53.1  52.2
 --------------------------------------------------------------------------
 *  Answer alternatives were:  (1) no, (2) not sure, and (3) yes.

 Source:National Institute on Drug Abuse.  NATIONAL TRENDS IN DRUG USE AND
        RELATED FACTORS AMONG AMERICAN HIGH SCHOOL STUDENTS AND YOUNG
        ADULTS, 1975-1986. Rockville, MD: DHHS Pub. No. (ADM)87-1535, 1987

 (Entered: 9/87)

 
 Trends in Perception of Friends' Disapproval of Alcohol Use, U.S. High
 School Seniors, 1975-88

 --------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                   Percentage "disapproving" *
  Question --------------------------------------------------------
                       1975  1976  1977  1978  1979  1980  1981  1982  1983
 --------------------------------------------------------------------------
 Q:  How do you think your close friends feel (or would feel) about you...

 Taking one
 or two drinks
 nearly every day      67.2  N/A   71.0  N/A   71.0  70.5  69.5  71.9  71.7

 Taking
 four or five
 drinks every day      89.2  N/A   88.1  N/A   88.5  87.9  86.4  86.6  86.0

 Having five
 or more drinks once or
 twice every weekend   55.0  N/A   53.4  N/A   51.3  50.6  50.3  51.2  50.6

 --------------------------------------------------------------------------

 --------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                     Percentage "disapproving" *
  Question  -------------------------------------------------------
                           1984   1985   1986   1987   1988
 --------------------------------------------------------------------------

 Q:  How do you think your close friends feel (or would feel) about you...

 Taking one
 or two drinks
 nearly every day          73.6   75.4   75.9   71.8   74.9

 Taking
 four or five
 drinks every day          86.1   88.2   87.4   85.6   87.1

 Having five
 or more drinks once
 or twice every weekend    51.3   55.9   54.9   52.4   54.0

 --------------------------------------------------------------------------
 * Answer alternatives were:  (1) don't disapprove, (2) disapprove, and
   (3) strongly disapprove.  Percentages are shown for categories (2) & (3)
   combined.

 N/A = Information not available.

 Sources:National Institute on Drug Abuse.  NATIONAL TRENDS IN DRUG USE AND
         RELATED FACTORS AMONG AMERICAN HIGH SCHOOL STUDENTS AND YOUNG
         ADULTS, 1975-1988. Rockville, MD: DHHS Pub. No. (ADM)87-1535, 1987
       &
         National Institute on Drug Abuse.  Monitoring the Future: A
         Continuing Study of the Lifestyles and Values of Youth, pre-
         publication press release, February, 1989.

 (Entered: 3/89)


TREATMENT DATA FROM 1987 STATE ALCOHOL & DRUG ABUSE PROFILE (SAD87)

 Costs: State Supported Alcohol/Drug Abuse Services by State,'85-87

 Expenditures for State Supported Alcohol And Drug Abuse Services by State
 for Fiscal Years 1985, 1986, and 1987

 -----------------------------------------------------------------------
                       TOTAL ALCOHOL AND DRUG ABUSE EXPENDITURES
                  ----------------------------------------------------
 STATE               FY 1985         FY 1986         FY 1987      CHANGE
 -----------------------------------------------------------------------
 Alabama            5,915,793       6,628,533       7,303,100      23.5%
 Alaska            19,511,863      18,866,700      21,528,100      10.3%
 Arizona           20,218,120      21,273,146      22,377,637      10.7%
 Arkansas           5,403,542       5,770,019       6,654,927      23.2%
 California       201,933,720     211,861,000     221,072,000       9.5%
 Colorado          16,219,222      24,498,392      25,446,218      56.9%
 Connecticut       27,087,735      36,290,844      40,466,215      49.4%
 Delaware           3,756,902       3,496,879       4,006,730       6.6%
 District of Col   18,897,677      23,756,425      26,579,185      40.6%
 Florida           42,891,735      62,217,740      74,781,721      74.3%
 Georgia           23,797,742      29,029,176      32,145,874      35.1%
 Hawaii             3,673,124       4,533,022       4,349,258      18.4%
 Idaho              2,822,875       2,878,325       2,405,900     -14.8%
 Illinois          47,356,816      59,850,800      65,509,900      38.3%
 Indiana           17,683,691      21,893,125      21,310,966      20.5%
 Iowa              12,281,053      14,938,060      14,637,903      19.2%
 Kansas             8,402,000       9,951,855      11,868,600      41.3%
 Kentucky           7,900,941       9,497,100      10,371,525      31.3%
 Louisiana         12,814,939      14,840,614      11,339,400     -11.5%
 Maine              8,632,814       6,398,023       7,310,944     -15.3%
 Maryland          28,149,997      40,803,832      42,365,613      50.5%
 Massachusetts     35,934,301      34,588,516      48,910,423      36.1%
 Michigan          65,545,875      77,031,584      80,857,857      23.4%
 Minnesota          5,009,800       5,327,587       5,378,812       7.4%
 Mississippi        6,826,300       6,094,081       5,527,359     -19.0%
 Missouri          11,402,338      13,389,238      16,375,024      43.6%
 Montana            8,060,073       9,175,393       9,863,356      22.4%
 Nebraska           6,183,667       6,837,388       7,618,509      23.2%
 Nevada             6,552,090       5,548,531       5,999,831      -8.4%
 New Hampshire      2,335,190       2,251,114       2,406,233       3.0%
 New Jersey        22,307,000      44,058,000      38,658,000      73.3%
 New Mexico        13,571,286      16,357,200      13,940,168       2.7%
 New York         309,368,481     370,369,815     450,522,342      45.6%
 North Carolina     6,523,519      28,753,576      34,850,619      19.4%
 North Dakota       1,777,000       2,827,269       2,795,597      57.3%
 Ohio              35,960,797      68,441,833      36,761,949       2.2%
 Oklahoma           5,923,068      10,984,639      11,581,816      95.5%
 Oregon            10,915,230      11,324,766      40,171,578     268.0%
 Pennsylvania      65,712,000      69,570,000      74,213,581      12.9%
 Puerto Rico       17,718,444      17,956,398      21,423,297      22.4%
 Rhode Island       7,292,084       7,496,722       9,332,346      28.0%
 South Carolina     12,512,29      20,356,999      24,075,988      92.4%
 South Dakota       4,015,716       3,479,520       3,976,883      -1.0%
 Tennessee         10,100,800      14,221,276      19,852,378      96.5%
 Texas             20,433,115      14,389,108      14,527,476     -28.9%
 Utah              12,929,062      15,377,966      17,117,638      32.4%
 Vermont            3,778,941       4,957,943       5,441,463      44.0%
 Virginia          27,027,873      29,490,704      31,539,019      16.7%
 Washington        28,844,525      22,366,465      24,711,601      14.1%
 West Virginia      7,447,581       6,851,015       7,800,503       4.7%
 Wisconsin         52,724,554      67,863,733      65,971,112      25.1%
 Wyoming            3,882,453       3,290,280       3,462,646     -10.8%

 TOTALS         1,364,559,349   1,641,037,098   1,809,497,120      31.2%
 -----------------------------------------------------------------------
 N/A = Information not available.

 Note:  Totals for this table may differ from Tables III-A-3
        and III-A-4 because data in this table are only depicted
        for those State and Territorial Agencies that reported
        all three years.  American Samoa, Guam, and the Virgin
        Islands are excluded from this table.

 Source:  State Alcohol and Drug Abuse Profile, FY 1987; data are included
          for "only those programs which received at least some funds
          administered by the State Alcohol/Drug Agency during the State's
          Fiscal Year 1987".

 (Entered 3/89)


 Comparison of Expenditures for State Supported Alcohol and Drug Abuse
 Services by Funding Source and by Type of Program for Fiscal Years 1985,
 1986, and 1987

 --------------------------------------------------------------------------
 FUNDING SOURCE              FY 1985        PERCENT CHANGE      FY 1986
 --------------------------------------------------------------------------
 State Alcohol/
 Drug Agency               667,351,584          12.6%         751,389,473

 Other State Agency         59,408,503          60.7%          95,491,625

 Alcohol/Drug
 Abuse Block Grant         237,648,522           8.0%         256,561,753

 Other Federal
 Government                 25,157,896          78.0%          44,777,552

 County or Local
 Agencies                  101,581,588          50.9%         153,335,470

 Other Sources             288,082,781          18.0%         339,944,643

 Grand Total             1,379,230,874          19.0%       1,641,500,516

 --------------------------------------------------------------------------
 TYPE OF ACTIVITY            FY 1985      PERCENT CHANGE        FY 1986
 --------------------------------------------------------------------------
 Treatment               1,032,002,296          16.7%       1,204,408,668

 Prevention                156,688,166          19.8%         187,693,298

 Other **                  190,540,412          30.9%         249,398,550

 Grand Total             1,379,230,874          19.0%       1,641,500,516
 --------------------------------------------------------------------------

 --------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                               1985 to 1987
 FUNDING SOURCE            FY 1986      % CHANGE     FY 1987     % CHANGE
 --------------------------------------------------------------------------
 State Alcohol/
 Drug Agency             751,389,473      9.1%     819,807,824      22.8%

 Other State Agency       95,491,625      9.2%     104,310,843      75.6%

 Alcohol/Drug
 Abuse Block Grant       256,561,753      6.2%     272,360,693      14.6%

 Other Federal
 Government               44,777,552     15.6%      51,766,318     105.8%

 County or Local
 Agencies                153,335,470      7.5%     164,800,471      62.2%

 Other Sources           339,944,643     16.6%     396,450,971      37.6%

 Grand Total           1,641,500,516     10.2%   1,809,497,120      31.2%

 --------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                               1985 to 1987
 TYPE OF ACTIVITY          FY 1986     % CHANGE     FY 1987      % CHANGE
 --------------------------------------------------------------------------
 Treatment             1,204,408,668     12.9%   1,359,506,961      31.7%

 Prevention              187,693,298     19.4%     224,088,191      43.0%

 Other **                249,398,550     -9.4%     225,901,968      18.6%

 Grand Total           1,641,500,516     10.2%   1,809,497,120      31.2%
 --------------------------------------------------------------------------
 ** "OTHER" Type of Activity category includes activities such as training,
     research, and activities that States were unable to report by specific
     categories.

 Note: Totals for these tables may differ from Tables III-A-3 and III-A-4
       because data in these tables are only depicted for those State and
       Territorial Agencies that reported all three years.  American Samoa,
       Guam, and the Virgin Islands are excluded form this table.

 Source: State Alcohol and Drug Abuse Profile, FY 1987; data are included
         for "only those programs which received at least some funds
         administered by the State Alcohol/Drug Agency" during Fiscal Year
         1987".

 (Entered 3/89)


 Expenditures for State Supported Alcohol and Drug Abuse Services by State
 and Funding Source for Fiscal Year 1987

 -----------------------------------------------------------------------
                                     FUNDING SOURCE
                  ------------------------------------------------------
                      STATE         OTHER      ALCOHOL/       OTHER
                     ALCOHOL/       STATE     DRUG ABUSE     FEDERAL
 STATE             DRUG AGENCY     AGENCY     BLOCK GRANT   GOVERNMENT
 -----------------------------------------------------------------------
 Alabama             2,695,411          N/A    3,927,275      680,414
 Alaska             12,661,000      715,000    2,064,100    2,538,000
 Arizona (a,b)       8,956,984      574,541    5,291,161          N/A
 Arkansas            2,615,596            0    2,439,726      984,279

 California (a)     78,255,000    1,497,000   34,051,000    3,619,000
 Colorado           11,590,676      949,871    3,834,124      263,674
 Connecticut        17,551,722            0    4,449,498    2,438,193
 Delaware            2,719,750      162,056    1,097,252       19,245
 District of Col       128,468   23,242,311    1,776,200      206,455

 Florida            33,801,984    1,095,000   20,942,288      289,138
 Georgia            24,433,091          N/A    3,925,110      156,211
 Guam                      N/A          N/A      209,937          N/A
 Hawaii              1,872,722          N/A    1,243,880          N/A
 Idaho               1,727,100          N/A      642,800       32,300
 Illinois           52,939,400      100,000   11,456,300    1,014,200

 Indiana             4,957,827   10,879,167    2,798,747    2,675,225
 Iowa                7,504,361    1,151,507    2,319,161      192,194
 Kansas              5,439,948    1,445,000    1,644,652      489,000
 Kentucky            6,424,666      432,817    2,646,979          N/A
 Louisiana           4,781,469          N/A    5,958,309      327,863

 Maine               4,702,828    1,075,174    1,532,942          N/A
 Maryland           26,174,940            0    4,172,301    1,040,082
 Massachusetts      39,510,423          N/A    9,400,000          N/A
 Michigan           29,057,429          N/A   11,784,533    3,146,094
 Minnesota           2,279,758          N/A    3,099,054          N/A

 Mississippi         2,449,962            0    1,047,511    2,029,886
 Missouri           10,200,885          N/A    5,117,343      790,412
 Montana               503,643    1,984,506      971,190      840,832
 Nebraska            4,672,559            0    1,540,230            0
 Nevada (c)          2,338,443            0    1,241,056            0

 New Hampshire       1,376,037          N/A    1,015,121          N/A
 New Jersey         21,985,000            0   10,171,000      987,000
 New Mexico (a)      2,461,248      707,135    1,706,508            0
 New York (a,d,e)  190,213,527    4,657,900   35,874,500    8,331,900
 North Carolina     12,860,884          N/A    3,933,569      322,977

 North Dakota        1,235,977            0    1,559,620            0
 Ohio               16,603,294    3,251,365    8,558,398    2,009,863
 Oklahoma            4,510,066    4,988,744    1,974,736      108,270
 Oregon              7,217,339   20,345,307    3,461,952    1,476,700
 Pennsylvania       30,475,690    6,746,377   12,081,562      154,000

 Puerto Rico        14,601,022    2,384,789    3,969,492      467,994
 Rhode Island (f,g)  7,407,973          N/A    1,924,373          N/A
 South Carolina      8,224,370    4,167,536    2,479,164    1,322,780
 South Dakota (f)      422,763      514,158      956,272       51,938
 Tennessee           6,480,412    1,620,366    3,176,803    1,072,414

 Texas (h)           4,837,251          N/A    9,001,730      688,495
 Utah                6,105,571    1,172,441    2,099,714      760,830
 Vermont             2,751,140      167,000    1,114,620            0
 Virginia           14,295,104          N/A    4,248,498      693,176

 Washington         19,713,486          N/A    4,249,712      748,403
 West Virginia       2,636,497    1,169,522    1,422,697      226,881
 Wisconsin          37,702,567    7,114,253    4,498,443    8,570,000
 Wyoming             2,742,561            0      467,487            0

 TOTALS            819,807,824  104,310,843  272,570,630   51,766,318

 PERCENT OF TOTAL        45.3%         5.8%        15.1%         2.9%
 -----------------------------------------------------------------------
                                     FUNDING SOURCE
                  ------------------------------------------------------
                        COUNTY
                       OR LOCAL       OTHER           GRAND
 STATE                 AGENCIES      SOURCES          TOTAL
 -----------------------------------------------------------------------
 Alabama                    N/A           N/A       7,303,100
 Alaska               2,150,000     1,400,000      21,528,100
 Arizona (a,b)              N/A     7,554,951      22,377,637
 Arkansas               615,326             0       6,654,927

 California (a)      34,534,000    69,116,000     221,072,000
 Colorado             3,904,702     4,903,171      25,446,218
 Connecticut                  0    16,026,802      40,466,215
 Delaware                     0         8,427       4,006,730
 District of Col            N/A     1,225,751      26,579,185

 Florida             18,653,311           N/A      74,781,721
 Georgia                701,268     2,930,194      32,145,874
 Guam                    41,956           N/A         251,893
 Hawaii                  20,347     1,212,309       4,349,258
 Idaho                      N/A         3,700       2,405,900
 Illinois                   N/A             0      65,509,900

 Indiana                    N/A           N/A      21,310,966
 Iowa                 1,315,417     2,155,263      14,637,903
 Kansas               2,200,000       650,000      11,868,600
 Kentucky               867,063           N/A      10,371,525
 Louisiana                  N/A       271,759      11,339,400

 Maine                      N/A           N/A       7,310,944
 Maryland             1,160,671     9,817,619      42,365,613
 Massachusetts              N/A           N/A      48,910,423
 Michigan             8,119,634    28,750,167      80,857,857
 Minnesota                  N/A           N/A       5,378,812

 Mississippi                N/A           N/A       5,527,359
 Missouri               266,384           N/A      16,375,024
 Montana              1,572,653     3,990,532       9,863,356
 Nebraska               567,118       838,602       7,618,509
 Nevada (c)             157,161     2,263,171       5,999,831

 New Hampshire              N/A        15,075       2,406,233
 New Jersey           2,015,000     3,500,000      38,658,000
 New Mexico (a)               0     9,065,277      13,940,168
 New York (a,d,e)    33,429,300   178,015,215     450,522,342
 North Carolina      17,733,189           N/A      34,850,619

 North Dakota                 0             0       2,795,597
 Ohio                 1,491,494     4,847,535      36,761,949
 Oklahoma                   N/A           N/A      11,581,816
 Oregon               5,256,582     2,413,698      40,171,578
 Pennsylvania         6,261,976    18,493,976      74,213,581

 Puerto Rico                  0             0      21,423,297
 Rhode Island (f,g)         N/A           N/A       9,332,346
 South Carolina       4,180,000     3,702,138      24,075,988
 South Dakota (f)       658,323     1,373,429       3,976,883
 Tennessee            3,391,608     4,110,775      19,852,378

 Texas (h)                  N/A           N/A      14,527,476
 Utah                 2,592,114     4,386,968      17,117,638
 Vermont                      0     1,408,703       5,441,463
 Virginia             7,695,950     4,606,291      31,539,019

 Washington                 N/A           N/A      24,711,601
 West Virginia          115,558     2,229,348       7,800,503
 Wisconsin            2,921,724     5,164,125      65,971,112
 Wyoming                252,598           N/A       3,462,646

 TOTALS             164,842,427   396,450,971   1,809,749,013

 PERCENT OF TOTAL          9.1%         21.9%          100.0%
 -----------------------------------------------------------------------
 a = Figures represent allocated funds rather than expenditures.
 b = Alcohol/Drug Abuse Block Grant includes $324,272 Alcohol and Drug
     Treatment and Rehabilitation (ADTR) Block Grant monies.
 c = County or Local Agencies category includes required matching funds.
 d = Other Sources category includes Medicaid, client fees, Juvenile
     Justice Prevention Funds.
 e = Other State Agency category includes lab revenues, methadone
     registry, capital construction, Medicaid MIS and suballocations
     from Dept. of Social Services.
 f = Figures represent an estimate of expenditures.
 g = State Alcohol/Drug Agency category includes substance abuse detox
     facility, DUI program and TASC.
 h = Other Federal category includes ADTR Block Grant Funds.

 N/A = Information not available.

 Cautionary Note:
  In a number of States complete information is not available
  on all funding sources for State supported programs.  In
  most instances where such information is not presented the
  amount of such funding, if any, is probably minimal.
  However, since in some instances such funding may be
  substantial, the percents presented at the bottom of this
  table should be used only as gross estimates of the overall
  levels of funding from various sources.  It is likely that
  the "Other State", "Other Federal", "County or Local" and
  "Other Sources" categories actually contribute more monies
  and higher percentages than the figures shown.

 Source:
  State Alcohol and Drug Abuse Profile, FY 1987; data are included for
  "only those programs which received at least some funds administered
  by the State Alcohol/Drug Agency during Fiscal Year 1987".

 (Entered 3/89)


 Expenditures for State Supported Alcohol and Drug Abuse Services by State
 and Type of Program Activity for Fiscal Year 1987

 --------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                  TYPE OF PROGRAM ACTIVITY
                      -----------------------------------------------------
 STATE               TREATMENT       PREVENTION       OTHER         TOTAL
 --------------------------------------------------------------------------
 Alabama              6,089,157        751,365       462,578      7,303,100
 Alaska              13,721,500      5,842,500     1,964,100     21,528,100
 Arizona (a)         20,088,213      1,596,622       692,802     22,377,637
 Arkansas             5,627,807        596,203       430,917      6,654,927

 California (a)     156,032,000     32,839,000    32,201,000    221,072,000
 Colorado            20,395,555      3,486,440     1,564,223     25,446,218
 Connecticut         33,082,662      3,040,958     4,342,595     40,466,215
 Delaware             2,989,029        231,956       785,745      4,006,730
 District of Col     20,811,317      1,129,253     4,638,615     26,579,185

 Florida             68,293,843      6,319,401       168,477     74,781,721
 Georgia             30,391,265        785,022       969,587     32,145,874
 Guam                    85,024        108,086        58,783        251,893
 Hawaii               3,450,156        511,017       388,085      4,349,258
 Idaho                2,079,500        135,500       190,900      2,405,900
 Illinois            54,150,800      5,358,400     6,000,700     65,509,900

 Indiana             19,017,428      1,495,986       797,552     21,310,966
 Iowa                12,028,466      2,609,437             0     14,637,903
 Kansas               8,998,914      1,806,216     1,063,470     11,868,600
 Kentucky             8,644,457      1,086,914       640,154     10,371,525
 Louisiana            8,543,168      1,641,121     1,155,111     11,339,400

 Maine                5,999,542        783,067       528,335      7,310,944
 Maryland            38,306,552      1,062,530     2,996,531     42,365,613
 Massachusetts       37,030,181      5,179,393     6,700,849     48,910,423
 Michigan            58,895,864     13,554,896     8,407,097     80,857,857
 Minnesota            3,399,024      1,025,783       954,005      5,378,812

 Mississippi          4,274,317        223,042     1,030,000      5,527,359
 Missouri            14,524,828        812,945     1,037,251     16,375,024
 Montana              8,847,686        700,947       314,723      9,863,356
 Nebraska             6,455,183        846,640       316,686      7,618,509
 Nevada               5,094,070        299,715       606,046      5,999,831

 New Hampshire        1,430,691        580,955       394,587      2,406,233
 New Jersey          28,911,000      7,002,000     2,745,000     38,658,000
 New Mexico (a)      12,899,675        968,548        71,945     13,940,168
 New York (a)       356,563,836     58,912,506    35,046,000    450,522,342
 North Carolina       2,675,117        862,507    31,312,995     34,850,619

 North Dakota         2,551,087         97,113       147,397      2,795,597
 Ohio                26,640,460      4,595,901     5,525,588     36,761,979
 Oklahoma            10,701,915        469,136       410,765     11,581,816
 Oregon              27,511,392     11,147,811     1,512,375     40,171,578
 Pennsylvania        54,801,483     12,450,078     6,962,020     74,213,581

 Puerto Rico         13,781,163      2,245,910     5,396,224     21,423,297
 Rhode Island         7,980,013        772,175       580,158      9,332,346
 South Carolina      15,532,386      6,975,115     1,568,487     24,075,988
 South Dakota         3,251,871        338,744       386,268      3,976,883
 Tennessee           12,585,331      4,414,815     2,852,232     19,852,378

 Texas                8,250,992      3,340,949     2,935,535     14,527,476
 Utah                11,167,699      5,217,395       732,544     17,117,638
 Vermont              3,889,139        871,164       681,160      5,441,463
 Virginia (b)            N/A             N/A            N/A      31,539,019

 Washington          22,676,269        865,000     1,170,332     24,711,601
 West Virginia        6,386,672      1,067,256       346,575      7,800,503
 Wisconsin           49,509,626      4,492,257    11,969,229     65,971,112
 Wyoming              2,546,660        648,597       267,389      3,462,646

 TOTALS           1,359,591,985    224,196,287   194,421,722  1,809,749,013

 PERCENT OF TOTAL         76.5%          12.6%         10.9%
 --------------------------------------------------------------------------
 a = Figures represent allocated funds rather than expenditures.
 b = State was unable to differentiate among program categories.

 N/A = Information not available.

 NOTE:  "OTHER" category includes other activities beyond treatment or
        prevention services, e.g., training, research and administration.

 Source:
  State Alcohol and Drug Abuse Profile, FY 1987; data are included for
  "only those programs which received at least some funds administered
  by the State Alcohol/Drug Agency during Fiscal Year 1987".

 (Entered 3/89)


 Number of Alcohol and/or Drug Treatment Units which Received Funds
 Administered by the State Alcohol/Drug Abuse Agency for Fiscal Year 1987

 ---------------------------------------------------------------------
                                               COMBINED     TOTAL
                                               ALCOHOL/    ALCOHOL/
                        ALCOHOL      DRUG        DRUG       DRUG
                       TREATMENT   TREATMENT   TREATMENT  TREATMENT
 STATE                   UNITS       UNITS       UNITS      UNITS
 ---------------------------------------------------------------------
 Alabama (a)              13          5           16          46
 Alaska                    0          2           45          47
 Arizona                  38         18          122         178
 Arkansas                  5          4           19          28
 California              635        249          N/A         884

 Colorado                 63          7           23          93
 Connecticut              31         27           42         100
 Delaware                  5          2            6          13
 District of Col           4          9            2          15
 Florida                  55         76           42         173

 Georgia                   0          0           43          43
 Guam                      0          0            1           1
 Hawaii                    3          2           17          22
 Idaho                     0          0           20          20
 Illinois                318         93           26         437
 Indiana                   0          0           42          42

 Iowa                      0          0           29          29
 Kansas                    0          0           65          65
 Kentucky                  0          0          132         132
 Louisiana                 0          0           43          43
 Maine                     0          0           34          34

 Maryland                 62         42           20         124
 Massachusetts            33         11          254         298
 Michigan                 13          4          248         265
 Minnesota                 1          2           43          46
 Mississippi              50          1           22          73

 Missouri                  3          5           80          88
 Montana                   1          2           27          30
 Nebraska                  0          0          127         127
 Nevada                    2          1           25          28
 New Hampshire             6          2           17          25

 New Jersey              121         50           17         188
 New Mexico               22         11           20          53
 New York                300        513           27         840
 North Carolina           23          1           41          65
 North Dakota              0          0            7           7

 Ohio                     92         47           42         181
 Oklahoma                  0          0           48          48
 Oregon                   52          9           39         100
 Pennsylvania             40         26          459         525
 Puerto Rico (b)           8        160            5         173

 Rhode Island             19          7            4          30
 South Carolina            2          0           38          40
 South Dakota              0          0           18          18
 Tennessee                 1          2           51          54
 Texas                     0          3           72          75

 Utah                      5          0           65          70
 Vermont                   0          0           27          27
 Virginia                 20          6           64          90
 Washington               37         27           60         124

 West Virginia             0          0           29          29
 Wisconsin                 0          2          322         324
 Wyoming                   0          0           22          22

 TOTALS                2,083      1,428        3,109       6,632

 PERCENT OF TOTAL      31.4%      21.5%        46.9%      100.0%
 ---------------------------------------------------------------------
 a = Includes 12 prevention units.
 b = Total includes 91 private day treatment units.

 N/A = Information not available.

 Source:
  State Alcohol and Drug Abuse Profile, FY 1987; data are included for
  "only those programs which received at least some funds administered
  by the State Alcohol/Drug Agency" during Fiscal Year 1987.

 (Entered 3/89)

 % of Alcohol and/or Drug Treatment Units which Received Funds, '87

 Estimate of Percent of Total Alcohol and/or Drug Treatment Units in Each
 State That Received Any Funds Administered by the State Alcohol/Drug
 Agency for Fiscal Year 1987

 ------------------------------------------------------------------
                         ESTIMATE OF PERCENT OF TOTAL TREATMENT
 STATE                        UNITS FUNDED BY STATE AGENCY
 ------------------------------------------------------------------
 Alabama                                    51
 Alaska                                     82
 American Samoa                            N/A
 Arizona                                    67
 Arkansas                                   61

 California                                 60
 Colorado                                   34
 Connecticut                                64
 Delaware                                   50
 District of Col                            60

 Florida                                    80
 Georgia                                   N/A
 Guam                                      100
 Hawaii                                     80
 Idaho                                      64
 Illinois                                   45

 Indiana                                    20
 Iowa                                       53
 Kansas                                     40
 Kentucky                                   40
 Louisiana                                  33

 Maine                                      58
 Maryland                                   51
 Massachusetts                             N/A
 Michigan                                   49
 Minnesota                                  17

 Mississippi                                75
 Missouri                                   42
 Montana                                    75
 Nebraska                                   78
 Nevada                                     40

 New Hampshire                              36
 New Jersey/Alcohol                         50
 New Jersey/Drug                            90
 New Mexico                                N/A

 New York/Alcohol                           81
 New York/Drug                              65
 North Carolina                             73
 North Dakota                               25
 Ohio (a)                                   45

 Oklahoma                                   50
 Oregon                                     53
 Pennsylvania                               68
 Puerto Rico                               100
 Rhode Island                               70

 South Carolina                             60
 South Dakota                               64
 Tennessee                                  60
 Texas                                      26
 Utah                                       77

 Vermont                                    90
 Virginia                                   75
 Washington                                 44
 West Virginia                              85

 Wisconsin                                  80
 Wyoming                                    85
 ------------------------------------------------------------------

 (a) = Alcohol units only.

 N/A = Information not available.

 Source:  State Alcohol and Drug Abuse Profile, FY 1987.

 (Entered 3/89)

 # Alcohol Client Treatment Admissions-Sex/State for Fiscal Yr.,'87

 -------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                       SEX
                 ---------------------------------------------
 STATE                     MALE       FEMALE   NOT REPORTED      TOTAL
 -------------------------------------------------------------------------
 Alabama                  3,922        1,482          0         5,404
 Alaska                   6,712        2,239          0         8,951
 Arizona                 15,700        4,930          0        20,630
 Arkansas                 6,741        1,097          0         7,838
 California (a)         100,900       23,300          0       124,200
 Colorado                35,001        6,226     10,890        52,117
 Connecticut             10,931        2,679          0        13,610
 Delaware                 3,449          612          4         4,065
 District of Col          4,482        1,121          0         5,603
 Florida                 48,613       14,048          0        62,661
 Georgia                 33,521        7,659          0        41,180
 Guam                       N/A          N/A         40            40
 Hawaii                     776          280          0         1,056
 Idaho                    3,848        1,089          0         4,937
 Illinois                55,470       13,138        532        69,140
 Indiana                  9,962        3,079          0        13,041
 Iowa                    14,574        3,834          0        18,408
 Kansas                   8,885        1,681          2        10,568
 Kentucky                11,036        2,272          0        13,308
 Louisiana                5,136        1,474          0         6,610
 Maine (b)               14,108        4,756          0        18,864
 Maryland                16,701        3,459          0        20,160
 Massachusetts           71,108       15,748          0        86,856
 Michigan                29,660        7,599        218        37,477
 Minnesota               36,765        6,647        447        43,859
 Mississippi              6,121          925         88         7,134
 Missouri                18,266        3,447          0        21,713
 Montana                  5,493        3,927          0         9,420
 Nebraska                14,649        4,639          0        19,288
 Nevada                   2,423          578      7,495        10,496
 New Hampshire            1,969          791         46         2,806
 New Jersey              20,263        5,418          0        25,681
 New Mexico               9,316        2,188         14        11,518
 New York (c)           109,916       40,654          0       150,570
 North Carolina          16,442        2,917          0        19,359
 North Dakota               829          322          0         1,151
 Ohio                    14,412        4,353          0        18,765
 Oklahoma                 5,733        1,465      1,252         8,450
 Oregon                  23,532        7,116          0        30,648
 Pennsylvania            31,712        7,840          0        39,552
 Puerto Rico              3,068          161          0         3,229
 Rhode Island             5,072        1,120          0         6,192
 South Carolina          19,709        4,011        930        24,650
 South Dakota             3,389        1,480          0         4,869
 Tennessee                6,373        1,862          0         8,235
 Texas                    4,982        1,557     19,436        25,975
 Utah                     9,942        1,624          0        11,566
 Vermont                  2,624        1,024          0         3,648
 Virginia                36,392        6,322          0        42,714
 Washington              30,710        7,774          0        38,484
 West Virginia            7,606        1,620          0         9,226
 Wisconsin (d)           39,946       13,077     11,493        64,516
 Wyoming (e)              5,062        1,973          0         7,035

 TOTALS               1,003,952      260,634     52,887     1,317,473

 PERCENT OF TOTAL         76.2%        19.8%       4.0%        100.0%
 -------------------------------------------------------------------------
 a = Alcohol client admissions data are estimated.
 b = Includes both alcohol and drug admissions; approximately 76% of
      total admissions are alcohol and 24% are drug.
 c = All client admissions information is for CY 1986 and is estimated.
 d = "not Reported" column represents duplicate admissions.
 e = Includes both alcohol and drug admissions.

 N/A = Information not available.

 Source:
  State Alcohol and Drug Abuse Profile, FY 1987; data are included for
  "only those programs which received some funds administered by the
  State Alcohol Agency" during Fiscal Year 1987.

 (Entered 3/89)

 # Alcohol Client Treatment Admissions by Race/Eth./State for FY'87

 ----------------------------------------------------------------------
                                        RACE/ETHNICITY
                        -----------------------------------------------
                           WHITE,     BLACK,                 ASIAN
                          NOT OF      NOT OF                   OR
                         HISPANIC    HISPANIC               PACIFIC
 STATE                    ORIGIN      ORIGIN    HISPANIC    ISLANDER
 ----------------------------------------------------------------------
 Alabama                   3,959      1,300        N/A         N/A
 Alaska                    4,525        152        106          23
 Arizona                  12,131        735      2,901         N/A
 Arkansas                  6,385      1,387        N/A         N/A

 California (a)           83,150     24,400     12,350         750
 Colorado                 28,116      2,103      9,276         N/A
 Connecticut               9,801      2,607      1,162         N/A
 Delaware                  3,001        971         81         N/A
 District of Col             392      4,930        112          46

 Florida                  50,034      9,626      2,782          50
 Georgia                  27,648     13,366         72          21
 Guam                         10          2          0          28
 Hawaii                      542         26         47         354
 Idaho                     4,340         23        355           0
 Illinois                 44,160     19,933      3,766          52

 Indiana                  10,873      1,978        137          10
 Iowa                     17,163        491        245          27
 Kansas                    8,230      1,188        607          25
 Kentucky                 11,251        949          2         N/A
 Louisiana                 4,357      2,071        152          13

 Maine (b)                17,431         75        N/A          19
 Maryland                 13,541      6,380        152          32
 Massachusetts            75,828      6,311      2,752          98
 Michigan                 30,283      5,508        771          33
 Minnesota                29,665      2,634        853          58

 Mississippi               4,435      2,574        N/A         N/A
 Missouri                 15,897      5,410        173          19
 Montana                   7,741         23        121           9
 Nebraska (b)             14,114        901        614          14
 Nevada                    2,631        161         98           4

 New Hampshire             2,746         10          9           4
 New Jersey               16,025      7,629      1,905          57
 New Mexico                3,425        172      5,051          12
 New York (c)            102,387     32,373     13,551         452
 North Carolina           13,023      5,954         18         N/A

 North Dakota              1,029          3          2           0
 Ohio                     14,749      3,734        226          19
 Oklahoma                  5,451        612        130           6
 Oregon                   25,097        927      1,522          92
 Pennsylvania             28,650      9,958        843          23

 Puerto Rico                 N/A        N/A      3,229         N/A
 Rhode Island              2,299        109         24           4
 South Carolina           17,477      6,981         71          15
 South Dakota              3,678         19          0           0
 Tennessee                 6,945      1,252          2           3

 Texas                     4,161      1,140      1,196           4
 Utah                      8,604        214      1,147          75
 Vermont                     N/A        N/A        N/A         N/A
 Virginia                 27,337     11,533        427         128

 Washington               31,231      2,372      1,732         196
 West Virginia             8,682        536          5           1
 Wisconsin                47,632      3,382        853          73
 Wyoming                   5,839        211        703         N/A

 TOTALS                  918,101    204,954     72,333       2,653

 PERCENT OF TOTAL          69.7%      15.6%       5.5%        0.2%

 ----------------------------------------------------------------------
                                        RACE/ETHNICITY
                        -----------------------------------------------
                         NATIVE                    NOT
 STATE                  AMERICAN     OTHER     REPORTED       TOTAL
 ----------------------------------------------------------------------
 Alabama                    N/A          8         137         5,404
 Alaska                   4,145          0           0         8,951
 Arizona                  4,724         84          55        20,630
 Arkansas                   N/A        N/A          66         7,838

 California (a)           3,400        150           0       124,200
 Colorado                 1,608        124      10,890        52,117
 Connecticut                N/A         38           2        13,610
 Delaware                   N/A        N/A          12         4,065
 District of Col             16         57          50         5,603

 Florida                    169          0           0        62,661
 Georgia                     28         45           0        41,180
 Guam                         0          0           0            40
 Hawaii                      10          0          77         1,056
 Idaho                      219          0           0         4,937
 Illinois                   293        277         659        69,140

 Indiana                     10         33           0        13,041
 Iowa                       236         32         214        18,408
 Kansas                     464         22          32        10,568
 Kentucky                   N/A        N/A       1,106        13,308
 Louisiana                   17          0           0         6,610

 Maine (b)                1,075        N/A         264        18,864
 Maryland                    55          0           0        20,160
 Massachusetts              296      1,556          15        86,856
 Michigan                   723         62          97        37,477
 Minnesota                9,573         63       1,013        43,859

 Mississippi                 81         11          33         7,134
 Missouri                   214          0           0        21,713
 Montana                  1,521          5           0         9,420
 Nebraska                 3,599         32          14        19,288
 Nevada                      95         12       7,495        10,496

 New Hampshire               13          1          33         2,806
 New Jersey                  51          0          14        25,681
 New Mexico               2,840         18           0        11,518
 New York (c)             1,054        753           0       150,570
 North Carolina             336         17          11        19,359

 North Dakota                99          2          16         1,151
 Ohio                        37          0           0        18,765
 Oklahoma                   977         25       1,249         8,450
 Oregon                   3,010          0           0        30,648
 Pennsylvania                78          0           0        39,552

 Puerto Rico                N/A        N/A         N/A         3,229
 Rhode Island                 8         53       3,695         6,192
 South Carolina              34          2          70        24,650
 South Dakota             1,121         51           0         4,869
 Tennessee                   14         19           0         8,235

 Texas                       36          0      19,438        25,975
 Utah                     1,183        146         197        11,566
 Vermont                    N/A        N/A       3,648         3,648
 Virginia                    43        N/A       3,246        42,714

 Washington               2,678        121       2,722        38,484
 West Virginia                2          0           0         9,226
 Wisconsin                1,083          0      11,493        64,516
 Wyoming (d)                N/A        N/A         282         7,035

 TOTALS                  47,268      3,819      68,345     1,317,473

 PERCENT OF TOTAL          3.6%       0.3%        5.2%        100.0%
 -------------------------------------------------------------------
 a = Alcohol client admissions data are estimated.
 b = Alcohol and drug client admissions are combined; approximately
     76% of total admissions are alcohol and 24% drug.
 c = All client admissions data are for calendar year 1986 and are
     estimated.
 d = Alcohol and drug admissions are combined.

 N/A = Information not available.

 Source:
  State Alcohol and Drug Abuse Profile, FY 1987; data are included for
  only those treatment units "which received some funds administered
  by the State Alcohol Agency" during Fiscal Year 1987.

 (Entered 3/89)

 # Alcohol Client Treatment Admissions by  Age/State for FY 1987

 --------------------------------------------------------------------
                                      AGE GROUP
                 --------------------------------------------------
                   UNDER
 STATE            AGE 18  18 TO 20  21 TO 24  25 TO 34  35 TO 44
 --------------------------------------------------------------------
 Alabama               73      157      522     2,206     1,297
 Alaska               352      975    1,216     2,465     2,014
 Arizona              817      536    2,199     7,124     5,423
 Arkansas             131      603      N/A       N/A       N/A

 California (a)     2,150    2,850    8,300    42,950    39,600
 Colorado             883    1,820    4,406    14,696    10,223
 Connecticut (b)      350      350    1,815     4,779     3,259
 Delaware             119      164      372     1,361       949
 District of Col        0      224      504     2,185     1,457

 Florida            1,823    4,043    5,390    18,840    18,840
 Georgia              534    1,010    3,103    12,463    11,347
 Guam                   0        2        6        25         5
 Hawaii               N/A      N/A      N/A       N/A       N/A
 Idaho                944      N/A      N/A       N/A       N/A
 Illinois           3,580      N/A      N/A       N/A       N/A

 Indiana            1,018    1,009    1,850     4,401     2,805
 Iowa               1,245    2,094    3,113     6,084     3,149
 Kansas               314      745    1,741     4,069     2,090
 Kentucky             601    1,563    1,698     4,420     1,726
 Louisiana            609      428      868     2,465     1,256

 Maine (c)          3,371      532    1,379     5,666     4,341
 Maryland           1,439    1,142    2,929     7,463     4,071
 Massachusetts (d)    154    4,717   30,460    27,209    14,060
 Michigan           1,822    2,167    5,003    14,995     7,940
 Minnesota          2,001    2,326    3,986    13,042    10,068

 Mississippi          151      366    1,091     2,785     1,568
 Missouri             495      997    2,357     7,075     5,520
 Montana            1,048      595    1,027     1,294     3,309
 Nebraska           1,811    1,391    2,071     5,527     3,991
 Nevada               N/A      N/A      N/A       N/A       N/A

 New Hampshire        139      248      440     1,002       587
 New Jersey         1,477    1,349    3,097     9,959     5,866
 New Mexico           943      N/A      N/A       N/A       N/A
 New York (e)       6,136    4,524   17,662    41,347    55,711
 North Carolina       249      624    1,634     6,158     5,087

 North Dakota          70       76     154        417       249
 Ohio               1,220    1,032    2,177     7,205     4,053
 Oklahoma             289      404      850     2,587     1,576
 Oregon             3,739    2,149    2,974     9,197     6,220
 Pennsylvania       1,865    2,094    4,819    14,368     9,170

 Puerto Rico          N/A      N/A      N/A       N/A       N/A
 Rhode Island         145      130      340     1,016       507
 South Carolina     1,356    1,493    2,634     8,097     5,845
 South Dakota         773      429      634     1,296       877
 Tennessee            607      465    1,056     2,998     1,786

 Texas                 90      316      722     2,580     1,606
 Utah                 306      708    1,250     4,296     2,688
 Vermont              316      213      485     1,282       751
 Virginia           1,699    2,325    5,545    13,569     9,852

 Washington           N/A    2,249    5,941    11,966     9,437
 West Virginia        816      525    1,191     3,042     1,925
 Wisconsin          2,949      N/A      N/A       N/A       N/A
 Wyoming (d,f)        732      N/A      N/A     2,399     1,698

 TOTALS            53,751   54,159  141,011   360,370   285,799

 PERCENT OF TOTAL    4.1%     4.1%    10.7%     27.4%     21.7%

 --------------------------------------------------------------------
                                        AGE GROUP
                   --------------------------------------------------
                                          AGE 65     NOT
 STATE              45 TO 54  55 TO 64  AND OVER   REPORTED     TOTAL
 --------------------------------------------------------------------
 Alabama               650       292        70        137       5,404
 Alaska              1,522       361        46          0       8,951
 Arizona             2,735     1,275       484         37      20,630
 Arkansas              N/A       N/A       182      6,922       7,838

 California (a)     17,600     9,050     1,700          0     124,200
 Colorado            5,487     2,702     1,010     10,890      52,117
 Connecticut (b)       N/A       N/A       807      2,250      13,610
 Delaware              615       308       173          4       4,065
 District of Col       840       336        57          0       5,603

 Florida             8,243     4,113     1,369          0      62,661
 Georgia             7,565     3,942     1,216          0      41,180
 Guam                    2         0         0          0          40
 Hawaii                N/A       N/A       N/A      1,056       1,056
 Idaho                 N/A       N/A       N/A      3,993       4,937
 Illinois              N/A       N/A     1,192     64,368      29,140

 Indiana             1,253       583       116          6      13,041
 Iowa                1,347       711       257        408      18,408
 Kansas              1,020       456       131          2      10,568
 Kentucky            1,220       424       327      1,329      13,308
 Louisiana             614       306        64          0       6,610

 Maine (c)           1,679     1,310       333        253      18,864
 Maryland            2,021       875       220          0      20,160
 Massachusetts (d)   7,008     3,248       N/A          0      86,856
 Michigan            3,466     1,438       428        218      37,477
 Minnesota           6,443     3,738     1,808        447      43,859

 Mississippi           704       306        75         88       7,134
 Missouri            3,305     1,653       307          4      21,713
 Montana             1,123       748       276          0       9,420
 Nebraska            2,401     1,795       301          0      19,288
 Nevada                N/A       N/A       N/A     10,496      10,496

 New Hampshire         233        81        30         46       2,806
 New Jersey          2,429     1,204       274         26      25,681
 New Mexico            N/A       N/A       215     10,360      11,518
 New York (e)       12,045    10,540     2,605          0     150,570
 North Carolina      3,377     1,750       480          0      19,359

 North Dakota          118        48        19          0       1,151
 Ohio                1,914       920       244          0      18,765
 Oklahoma              917       445       130      1,252       8,450
 Oregon              2,974     2,974       421          0      30,648
 Pennsylvania        4,446     2,159       631          0      29,552

 Puerto Rico           N/A       N/A       N/A      3,229       3,229
 Rhode Island          205       108        24      3,717       6,192
 South Carolina      3,088     1,498       570         69      24,650
 South Dakota          479       271       110          0       4,869
 Tennessee             869       338       116          0       8,235

 Texas                 794       356        75     19,436      25,975
 Utah                1,359       701       155        103      11,566
 Vermont               347       183        51         20       3,648
 Virginia            6,056     2,879       789          0      42,714

 Washington          5,174     2,500     1,063        154      38,484
 West Virginia         986       567       174          0       9,226
 Wisconsin             N/A       N/A     2,198     59,369      64,516
 Wyoming (d,f)         890       459       N/A        857       7,035

 TOTALS            127,563    69,951    23,323    201,546   1,317,473

 PERCENT OF TOTAL     9.7%      5.3%      1.8%      15.3%      100.0%
 --------------------------------------------------------------------

 a = Alcohol client admissions data are estimated.
 b = Age 65 and over category contains age 60 and over.
 c = Alcohol and drug client admissions are combined; approximately
     76% of total admissions are alcohol and 24% drug.  Also, estimates
     are provided for the four age groups from 25 to 64.
 d = Age 55 to 64 category contains age 55 and over.
 e = All client admissions information is for CY 1986 and is estimated.
 f = Includes both alcohol and drug admissions.

 N/A = Information not available.

 Source:
  State Alcohol and Drug Abuse Profile, FY 1987; data are included for
  "only those programs which received some funds administered by the
  State Alcohol Agency" during Fiscal Year 1987.

 (Entered 3/89)

 # Alcohol Client Treatment Admissions by Age,Sex,State for FY '87

 --------------------------------------------------------------------------
                           UNDER AGE 18                    18 TO 20
                      ------------------------      -----------------------
 --------------------------------------------------------------------------
 STATE                MALE    FEMALE        NR      MALE    FEMALE       NR
 Alabama                43       30                  122       35
 Alaska                264       88                  731      244
 Arizona               490      327                  394      142
 Arkansas              N/A      N/A        131       N/A      N/A       603

 California (a)      1,450      700                2,000      850
 Colorado              665      218                1,540      280
 Connecticut (b)       238      112                  259       91
 Delaware               82       37                  147       17
 District of Col         0        0                  179       45

 Florida               N/A      N/A      1,823       N/A      N/A     4,043
 Georgia               417      117                  827      183
 Guam                  N/A      N/A                  N/A      N/A         2
 Hawaii                N/A      N/A                  N/A      N/A
 Idaho                 726      218                  N/A      N/A
 Illinois            2,411    1,169                  N/A      N/A

 Indiana               N/A      N/A      1,018       N/A      N/A     1,009
 Iowa                  801      444                1,609      485
 Kansas                231       83                  613      132
 Kentucky              469      132                1,326      237
 Louisiana             352      257                  327      101

 Maine (c)           2,400      971                  388      144
 Maryland            1,070      369                  966      176
 Massachusetts (d)      86       68                3,687    1,030
 Michigan            1,131      691                1,797      370
 Minnesota           1,362      639                1,828      498

 Mississippi           116       35                  317       49
 Missouri              281      214                  781      216
 Montana               581      467                  386      209
 Nebraska            1,099      712                1,019      372
 Nevada                N/A      N/A                  N/A      N/A

 New Hampshire          90       48          1       179       65         4
 New Jersey          1,010      467                1,065      284
 New Mexico            N/A      N/A        943       N/A      N/A
 New York (e)        3,290    2,846                3,304    1,220
 North Carolina        193       56                  531       93

 North Dakota           41       29                   47       29
 Ohio                  937      283                  793      239
 Oklahoma              176      113                  333       71
 Oregon                N/A      N/A      3,739       N/A      N/A     2,149
 Pennsylvania        1,274      591                1,689      405

 Puerto Rico           N/A      N/A                  N/A      N/A
 Rhode Island          101       44                   91       39
 South Carolina        963      374         19     1,198      235        60
 South Dakota          393      380                  302      127
 Tennessee             455      152                  364      101

 Texas                  73       17                  196      120
 Utah                  224       82                  601      107
 Vermont               171      145                  158       55
 Virginia            1,196      503                2,008      317

 Washington            N/A      N/A        N/A       N/A      N/A     2,249
 West Virginia         576      240                  432       93
 Wisconsin           1,803    1,146                  N/A      N/A
 Wyoming (f)           527      205                  N/A      N/A

 TOTALS             30,258   15,819      7,674    34,534    9,506    10,119

 --------------------------------------------------------------------------
                             21 TO 24                      25 TO 34
                      ------------------------      -----------------------
 STATE                MALE     FEMALE        NR      MALE    FEMALE      NR
 --------------------------------------------------------------------------
 Alabama               398       124                1,558      648
 Alaska                912       304                1,849      616
 Arizona             1,684       515                5,313    1,811
 Arkansas              N/A       N/A                  N/A      N/A

 California (a)      6,000     2,300               33,650    9,300
 Colorado            3,640       766               12,180    2,516
 Connecticut (b)     1,374       441                3,800      979
 Delaware              295        77                1,098      263
 District of Col       403       101                1,747      438

 Florida               N/A       N/A      5,390       N/A      N/A   18,840
 Georgia             2,451       652          0     9,951    2,512
 Guam                  N/A       N/A          6       N/A      N/A       25
 Hawaii                N/A       N/A                  N/A      N/A
 Idaho                 N/A       N/A                  N/A      N/A
 Illinois              N/A       N/A                  N/A      N/A

 Indiana               N/A       N/A      1,850       N/A      N/A    4,401
 Iowa                2,588       525                4,858    1,226
 Kansas              1,466       275                3,418      651
 Kentucky            1,415       283                3,645      775
 Louisiana             706       162                1,964      501

 Maine (c)           1,008       371                4,191    1,475
 Maryland            2,406       523                6,155    1,308
 Massachusetts (d)  24,601     5,859               22,355    4,854
 Michigan            4,114       889               11,973    3,022
 Minnesota           3,180       806               10,899    2,143

 Mississippi           963       128                2,425      360
 Missouri            1,871       486                5,852    1,223
 Montana               642       385                  738      556
 Nebraska            1,554       517                4,019    1,508
 Nevada                N/A       N/A                  N/A      N/A

 New Hampshire         325       113          2       719      266       17
 New Jersey          2,382       715                7,760    2,199
 New Mexico            N/A       N/A                  N/A      N/A
 New York (e)       13,190     4,472               30,777   10,570
 North Carolina      1,347       287                5,133    1,025

 North Dakota          104        50                  306      111
 Ohio                1,672       505                5,533    1,672
 Oklahoma              684       166                2,053      534
 Oregon                N/A       N/A      2,974       N/A      N/A    9,197
 Pennsylvania        3,805     1,014               11,468    2,900

 Puerto Rico           N/A       N/A                  N/A      N/A
 Rhode Island          252        88                  764      252
 South Carolina      2,118       406        110     6,586    1,234      277
 South Dakota          471       163                  931      365
 Tennessee             818       238                2,297      701

 Texas                 491       231                1,860      720
 Utah                1,064       186                3,684      612
 Vermont               348       137                  988      294
 Virginia            4,741       804               11,533    2,036

 Washington            N/A       N/A      5,941       N/A      N/A   11,966
 West Virginia         988       203                2,556      486
 Wisconsin             N/A       N/A                  N/A      N/A
 Wyoming (f)           N/A       N/A                1,775      624

 TOTALS             98,471    26,267     16,273   250,361   65,286   44,723

 --------------------------------------------------------------------------
                             35 TO 44                      45 TO 54
                      ------------------------      -----------------------
 STATE                MALE    FEMALE        NR      MALE    FEMALE       NR
 --------------------------------------------------------------------------
 Alabama               978      319                  478       172
 Alaska              1,510      504                1,141       381
 Arizona             4,164    1,259                2,154       581
 Arkansas              N/A      N/A                  N/A       N/A

 California (a)     33,350    6,250               15,200     2,400
 Colorado            8,785    1,438                4,865       622
 Connecticut (b)     2,690      569                  N/A       N/A
 Delaware              843      106                  546        69
 District of Col     1,166      291                  672       168

 Florida               N/A      N/A    18,840        N/A       N/A    8,243
 Georgia             9,352    1,995                6,277     1,288
 Guam                  N/A      N/A         5        N/A       N/A        2
 Hawaii                N/A      N/A                  N/A       N/A
 Idaho                 N/A      N/A                  N/A       N/A
 Illinois              N/A      N/A                  N/A       N/A

 Indiana               N/A      N/A     2,805        N/A       N/A    1,253
 Iowa                2,507      642                1,080       267
 Kansas              1,773      317                  859       161
 Kentucky            1,415      311                1,037       183
 Louisiana             993      263                  479       135

 Maine (c)           3,269    1,072                1,381       298
 Maryland            3,431      640                1,712       309
 Massachusetts (d)  11,753    2,307                5,898     1,110
 Michigan            6,286    1,654                2,817       649
 Minnesota           8,737    1,331                5,801       642

 Mississippi         1,355      213                  600       104
 Missouri            4,699      821                2,986       319
 Montana             1,843    1,466                  681       442
 Nebraska            3,134      857                1,951       450
 Nevada                N/A      N/A                  N/A       N/A

 New Hampshire         391      187         9        167        62        4
 New Jersey          4,772    1,094                2,008       421
 New Mexico            N/A      N/A                  N/A       N/A
 New York (e)       40,669   15,042                8,793     3,252
 North Carolina      4,350      737                2,930       447

 North Dakota          179       70                   94        24
 Ohio                3,123      930                1,470       444
 Oklahoma            1,242      334                  750       167
 Oregon                N/A      N/A     6,220        N/A       N/A    2,974
 Pennsylvania        7,477    1,693                3,681       765

 Puerto Rico           N/A      N/A                  N/A       N/A
 Rhode Island          377      130                  153        52
 South Carolina      4,600      968       277      2,513       502       73
 South Dakota          635      242                  369       110
 Tennessee           1,388      398                  675       194

 Texas               1,310      296                  674       120
 Utah                2,301      387                1,200       159
 Vermont               504      247                  263        84
 Virginia            8,500    1,352                5,254       802

 Washington            N/A      N/A     9,437        N/A       N/A    5,174
 West Virginia       1,624      301                  803       183
 Wisconsin             N/A      N/A                  N/A       N/A
 Wyoming (f)         1,206      492                  606       284

 TOTALS            198,681   49,525    37,593     91,018    18,822   17,723

 --------------------------------------------------------------------------
                             55 TO 64                    65 AND OVER
                      ------------------------      -----------------------
 STATE                MALE    FEMALE        NR      MALE    FEMALE       NR
 --------------------------------------------------------------------------
 Alabama               205       87                   56      14
 Alaska                271       90                   34      12
 Arizona             1,064      211                  406      78
 Arkansas              N/A      N/A                  N/A     N/A        182

 California (a)      7,750    1,300                1,500     200
 Colorado            2,416      286                  910     100
 Connecticut (b)       N/A      N/A                  653     154
 Delaware              281       27                  157      16
 District of Col       269       67                   46      11

 Florida               N/A      N/A     4,113        N/A     N/A      1,369
 Georgia             3,225      717                1,021     195
 Guam                  N/A      N/A                  N/A     N/A
 Hawaii                N/A      N/A                  N/A     N/A
 Idaho                 N/A      N/A                  N/A     N/A
 Illinois              N/A      N/A                1,028     164

 Indiana               N/A      N/A       583        N/A     N/A        116
 Iowa                  604      107                  219      38
 Kansas                414       42                  111      20
 Kentucky              361       63                  265      62
 Louisiana             257       49                   58       6

 Maine (c)           1,056      254                  277      56
 Maryland              761      114                  200      20
 Massachusetts (d)   2,728      520                  N/A     N/A
 Michigan            1,190      248                  352      76
 Minnesota           3,331      407                1,627     181

 Mississippi           275       31                   70       5
 Missouri            1,499      154                  294      13
 Montana               454      294                  168     108
 Nebraska            1,607      188                  266      35
 Nevada                N/A      N/A                  N/A     N/A

 New Hampshire          53       27         1         18      12
 New Jersey          1,020      184                  225      49
 New Mexico            N/A      N/A                  N/A     N/A        215
 New York (e)        7,694    2,846                2,199     406
 North Carolina      1,545      205                  413      67

 North Dakota           41        7                   17       2
 Ohio                  706      214                  178      66
 Oklahoma              377       68                  118      12
 Oregon                N/A      N/A     2,974        N/A     N/A        421
 Pennsylvania        1,801      358                  517     114

 Puerto Rico           N/A      N/A                  N/A     N/A
 Rhode Island           94       14                   18       6
 South Carolina      1,247      211        40        484      81          5
 South Dakota          200       71                   88      22
 Tennessee             275       63                  101      15

 Texas                 311       45                   67       8
 Utah                  634       67                  142      13
 Vermont               147       36                   31      20
 Virginia            2,477      402                  683     106

 Washington            N/A      N/A     2,500        N/A     N/A      1,063
 West Virginia         479       88                  148      26
 Wisconsin             N/A      N/A                1,552     646
 Wyoming (f)           357      102                  N/A     N/A

 TOTALS             49,476   10,264    10,211     16,717   3,235      3,371

 -------------------------------------------------------------------------
                      AGE NOT REPORTED                     TOTALS
                   ---------------------     -----------------------------
 STATE             MALE   FEMALE      NR     MALE    FEMALE    NR    TOTAL
 -------------------------------------------------------------------------
 Alabama            84       53        0    3,922    1,482      0    5,404
 Alaska              0        0        0    6,712    2,239      0    8,951
 Arizona            31        6            15,700    4,930      0   20,630
 Arkansas          N/A      N/A    6,922    6,741    1,097      0    7,838

 California (a)      0        0        0  100,900   23,300      0  124,200
 Colorado          N/A      N/A   10,890   35,001    6,226 10,890   52,117
 Connecticut (b) 1,917      333        0   10,931    2,679      0   13,610
 Delaware          N/A      N/A        4    3,449      612      4    4,065
 District of Col     0        0        0    4,482    1,121      0    5,603

 Florida             0        0        0   48,613   14,048      0   62,661
 Georgia             0        0        0   33,521    7,659      0   41,180
 Guam                0        0        0      N/A      N/A     40       40
 Hawaii            776      280        0      776      280      0    1,056
 Idaho           3,122      871        0    3,848    1,089      0    4,937
 Illinois       52,031   11,805      532   55,470   13,138    532   69,140

 Indiana           N/A      N/A        6    9,962    3,079      0   13,041
 Iowa              308      100        0   14,574    3,834      0   18,408
 Kansas            N/A      N/A        2    8,885    1,681      2   10,568
 Kentucky        1,103      226        0   11,036    2,272      0   13,308
 Louisiana           0        0        0    5,136    1,474      0    6,610

 Maine (c)         138      155        0   14,108    4,756      0   18,864
 Maryland            0        0        0   16,701    3,459      0   20,160
 Massachusetts (d)   0        0        0   71,108   15,748      0   86,856
 Michigan          N/A      N/A      218   29,660    7,599    218   37,477
 Minnesota           0        0        0   36,765    6,647    447   43,859

 Mississippi         0        0       88    6,121      925     88    7,134
 Missouri            3        1        0   18,266    3,447      0   21,713
 Montana             0        0        0    5,493    3,927      0    9,420
 Nebraska            0        0        0   14,649    4,639      0   19,288
 Nevada          2,423      578    7,495    2,423      578  7,495   10,496

 New Hampshire      27       11        8    1,969      791     46    2,806
 New Jersey         21        5        0   20,263    5,418      0   25,681
 New Mexico        N/A      N/A   10,360    9,316    2,188     14   11,518
 New York (e)        0        0        0  109,916   40,654      0  150,570
 North Carolina      0        0        0   16,442    2,917      0   19,359

 North Dakota        0        0        0      829      322      0    1,151
 Ohio                0        0        0   14,412    4,353      0   18,765
 Oklahoma          N/A      N/A    1,252    5,733    1,465  1,252    8,450
 Oregon            N/A      N/A        0   23,532    7,116      0   30,648
 Pennsylvania        0        0        0   31,712    7,840      0   39,552

 Puerto Rico       N/A      N/A    3,229    3,068      161      0    3,229
 Rhode Island    3,222      495        0    5,072    1,120      0    6,192
 South Carolina    N/A      N/A       69   19,709    4,011    930   24,650
 South Dakota        0        0        0    3,389    1,480      0    4,869
 Tennessee           0        0        0    6,373    1,862      0    8,235

 Texas             N/A      N/A   19,436    4,982    1,557 19,436   25,975
 Utah               92       11        0    9,942    1,624      0   11,566
 Vermont            14        6        0    2,624    1,024      0    3,648
 Virginia            0        0        0   36,392    6,322      0   42,714

 Washington        N/A      N/A      154      N/A      N/A 38,484   38,484
 West Virginia       0        0        0    7,606    1,620      0    9,226
 Wisconsin      36,591   11,285        0   39,946   13,077 11,493   64,516
 Wyoming (f)       N/A      N/A      857    5,062    1,973      0    7,035

 TOTALS        101,903   26,221   61,522  973,242  252,860 91,371 1,317,473
 --------------------------------------------------------------------------
 a = Alcohol client admissions data are estimated.
 b = 65 and over category represents age 60 and over.
 c = Alcohol & drug client admissions are combined; approximately 76% of
     total admissions are alcohol and 24% drug.  Also, estimates are
     provided for the four age groups from 25 to 64.
 d = 55 - 64 category represents age 55 and over.
 e = All client admissions data are for calandar year 1986 & are estimated.
 f = Alcohol and drug client admissions are combined.

 N/A = Information not available.
 NR = Not reported.

 Source:
  State Alcohol and Drug Abuse Profile, FY 1987; data are included for
  only those treatment units "which received some funds administered by
  the State Alcohol Agency" during Fiscal Year 1987.

 (Entered 3/89)

 # Alcohol Client Treatment Admissions by Environment/Care/State'87

 Number of Alcohol Client Treatment Admissions by Type of Environment, Type
 of Care, and State for Fiscal Year 1987

 --------------------------------------------------------------------------
                   DETOXIFICATION     REHAB/RESIDENTIAL      OUTPATIENT
                 ------------------  ------------------  ------------------
 STATE           HOSPITAL  NON-HOSP  HOSPITAL  NON-HOSP  HOSPITAL  NON-HOSP
 --------------------------------------------------------------------------
 Alabama               0         0         0     3,018        0       2,386
 Alaska              242     1,178       295     1,683        0       5,553
 Arizona              12     2,316         0     4,250        0      14,052
 Arkansas              0     1,280         0     4,345        0       2,213

 California (a,b)      0    81,100         0    20,100        0      23,000
 Colorado             54    36,833         0     3,247        0      11,983
 Connecticut (c)   1,109     5,336       430     2,840      869       3,026
 Delaware              0     2,659         0       498        0         908
 District of Col       0     3,052         0     1,060        0       1,491

 Florida             N/A       N/A       N/A       N/A      N/A         N/A
 Georgia           9,553     7,545               1,970               22,112
 Guam                  0         2         0         0        0          38
 Hawaii                2         0         0       354        0         700
 Idaho                36       809         0       689        0       3,403
 Illinois            N/A    30,933       N/A     7,201      N/A      31,006

 Indiana               0     4,863       647     1,871        0       5,660
 Iowa                  0       160         0     1,051        0      17,197
 Kansas                0     2,722         0     1,308        0       6,532
 Kentucky            802     2,250       593     1,413        0       8,250
 Louisiana            20       669         0       436        0       5,485

 Maine (d)           535     1,280       617     3,060      891      12,481
 Maryland              0     1,243         0     4,537        0      14,380
 Massachusetts         0    60,134         0     6,330        0      20,392
 Michigan              0     5,417         0     6,595        0      25,465
 Minnesota             0    38,565     3,159     1,354        0         781

 Mississippi           5        86       121     4,099        0       2,823
 Missouri            108    11,336         0     4,878        0       5,391
 Montana           1,822       313     2,150       902        0       4,233
 Nebraska            234     7,082       548     2,222      796       8,406
 Nevada                0     8,991         0       884        0         621

 New Hampshire         0       398         0       430        0       1,978
 New Jersey        8,242     4,038       243     3,695    1,775       7,688
 New Mexico (e)        0       N/A         0     5,553        0       5,965
 New York (f)     35,876    31,620    10,806     7,599   24,405      40,264
 North Carolina    7,142       510         0     2,201        0       9,506

 North Dakota        N/A       N/A       N/A       N/A      N/A       1,151
 Ohio                N/A     7,902       N/A     1,586      N/A       9,277
 Oklahoma              0     2,366     1,071     1,145      584       3,284
 Oregon                0     5,310         0     2,776        0      22,562
 Pennsylvania      6,999     5,036       478     6,276        0      20,763

 Puerto Rico           0         0       314       137        0       2,778
 Rhode Island      3,644         0        85       539      117       1,807
 South Carolina        0     4,164       859     1,302        0      18,325
 South Dakota          0       895         0       179        0       3,795
 Tennessee             0        28       288     2,330        0       5,589

 Texas             1,012     4,751     4,510     3,810        0      11,892
 Utah                  4     3,523         0     2,489        0       5,550
 Vermont               0       610         0       769        0       2,269
 Virginia            N/A     4,777     1,866     2,629      489      32,953

 Washington (g)        0     9,164         0     5,704        0      25,915
 West Virginia         0       124         0     1,616      384       7,102
 Wisconsin         4,457     2,195     1,477     2,439        0      53,948
 Wyoming (h)           0         0         0       633        0       6,402

 TOTALS           81,910   405,565    30,557   148,032   30,310     560,731

 PERCENT OF TOTAL  16.8%     83.2%     17.1%     82.9%     5.1%       94.9%

 --------------------------------------------------------------------------
                           ALL TYPES OF CARE
                    --------------------------------             TOTAL
 STATE              HOSPITAL  NON-HOSP  NOT REPORTED          ADMISSIONS
 --------------------------------------------------------------------------
 Alabama                0       5,404        0                    5,404
 Alaska               537       8,414        0                    8,951
 Arizona               12      20,618        0                   20,630
 Arkansas               0       7,838        0                    7,838

 California (a,b)       0     124,200        0                  124,200
 Colorado              54      52,063        0                   52,117
 Connecticut (c)    2,408      11,202        0                   13,610
 Delaware               0       4,065        0                    4,065
 District of Col        0       5,603        0                    5,603

 Florida              N/A         N/A   62,661                   62,661
 Georgia            9,553      31,627        0                   41,180
 Guam                   0          40        0                       40
 Hawaii                 2       1,054        0                    1,056
 Idaho                 36       4,901        0                    4,937
 Illinois             N/A      69,140        0                   69,140

 Indiana              647      12,394        0                   13,041
 Iowa                   0      18,408        0                   18,408
 Kansas                 0      10,568        0                   10,568
 Kentucky           1,395      11,913        0                   13,308
 Louisiana             20       6,590        0                    6,610

 Maine (d)          2,043      16,821        0                   18,864
 Maryland               0      20,160        0                   20,160
 Massachusetts          0      86,856        0                   86,856
 Michigan               0      37,477        0                   37,477
 Minnesota          3,159      40,700        0                   43,859

 Mississippi          126       7,008        0                    7,134
 Missouri             108      21,605        0                   21,713
 Montana            3,972       5,448        0                    9,420
 Nebraska           1,578      17,710        0                   19,288
 Nevada                 0      10,496        0                   10,496

 New Hampshire          0       2,806        0                    2,806
 New Jersey        10,260      15,421        0                   25,681
 New Mexico (e)         0      11,518        0                   11,518
 New York (f)      71,087      79,483        0                  150,570
 North Carolina     7,142      12,217        0                   19,359

 North Dakota         N/A       1,151        0                    1,151
 Ohio                 N/A      18,765        0                   18,765
 Oklahoma           1,655       6,795        0                    8,450
 Oregon                 0      30,648        0                   30,648
 Pennsylvania       7,477      32,075        0                   39,552

 Puerto Rico          314       2,915        0                    3,229
 Rhode Island       3,846       2,346        0                    6,192
 South Carolina       859      23,791        0                   24,650
 South Dakota           0       4,869        0                    4,869
 Tennessee            288       7,947        0                    8,235

 Texas              5,522      20,453        0                   25,975
 Utah                   4      11,562        0                   11,566
 Vermont                0       3,648        0                    3,648
 Virginia           2,355      40,359        0                   42,714

 Washington (g)         0      40,783   (2,299)                  38,484
 West Virginia        384       8,842        0                    9,226
 Wisconsin          5,934      58,582        0                   64,516
 Wyoming (h)                    7,035        0                    7,035

 TOTALS           142,777   1,114,334   60,362                1,317,473

 PERCENT OF TOTAL   10.8%       84.6%     4.6%                   100.0%
 --------------------------------------------------------------------------
 a = Alcohol client admissions data are estimated.
 b = Environment categories are residential and non-residential instead of
     hospital and non-hospital.
 c = Data are for number of clients served instead of client admissions.
 d = Includes both alcohol and drug admissions; approximately 76% of total
     admissions are alcohol and 24% drug.
 e = Residential rehabilitation and detoxification are combined.
 f = All client admissions data are for calendar year 1986 and are
     estimated.
 g = "Not Reported" column includes 2,299 duplicate admissions already
      contained in other columns.
 h = Includes both alcohol and drug admissions.

 N/A = Information not available

 Source:
  State Alcohol and Drug Abuse Profile, FY 1987; data are included for
  only those treatment units "which received some funds administered
  by the State Alcohol Agency" during Fiscal Year 1987.

 (Entered 3/89)


TREATMENT DATA - NAT'L DRUG/ALCOHOLISM TREATMENT UNIT SURVEY (NDA87)

 Total Number of Reporting Units and Clients in Treatment by Unit
 Function and Orientation:  October 30, 1987

 --------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                             Unit Orientation
                              ---------------------------------------------
  Unit Function               Alcohol       Drug       Combined       Total
                                 Only       Only        Alcohol
                                                       and Drug
 --------------------------------------------------------------------------
 Treatment Units                1,708     1,075        4,083          6,866

  Clients in Treatment
    Drug Abuse Clients            N/A   144,446      119,064        263,510
    Alcoholism Clients        136,917       N/A      213,696        350,613
    Total Clients             136,917   144,446      332,760        614,123

 Prevention/Education Units     1,132       603        3,476          5,211

 Other Units                      946       406        2,492          3,844

 Total Number of Units (a)      2,132     1,198        5,360          8,690
 --------------------------------------------------------------------------
 a = Total is not equal to the sum of units shown above because units may
     report more than one function.

 SOURCE:  NIDA and NIAAA, 1987 National Drug and Alcoholism Treatment Unit
          Survey.

 (Entered:  10/89)


 Number of Treatment Facilities, Number of Clients in Treatment, Budgeted
 Capacity, and Utilization Rate by Type of Client and Facility
 Orientation: October 30, 1987

 --------------------------------------------------------------------------
   Type of client/              Number     Number     Budgeted  Utilization
 facility orientation             of         of       capacity     rate *
                             facilities * clients *
 --------------------------------------------------------------------------
 Total                           6,732     599,612     745,145       80.5

 Drug abuse clients in
  Drug-only facilities           1,067     143,263     157,185       91.1
  Combined facilities            3,948     116,888     171,623       68.1
  Total drug abuse clients       5,015     260,151     328,808       79.1

 Alcoholism clients in
  Alcoholism-only facilities     1,664     131,241     157,281       83.4
  Combined facilities            3,963     206,687     259,056       79.8
  Total alcoholism clients       5,627     337,928     416,337       81.2

 Unduplicated count of
  combined facilities, both
  types of clients               4,001     323,575     430,679       75.1
 --------------------------------------------------------------------------
 *Excludes data from facilities which did not report budgeted capacity for
  drug or alcohol clients.  The total # of clients may not equal the sum
  across drug and alcohol clients because the total includes data from
  combined facilities which reported capacity for 1 type of client but not
  the other.  Data on budgeted capacity are complete as reported.

 NOTE:
  Reported numbers of clients are point-prevalence data indicating number
  of clients in treatment on a single reference day.

 SOURCE:
  NIDA and NIAAA, Highlights from the 1987 National Drug and Alcoholism
  Treatment Unit Survey.

 (Entered: 5/89)


 Number of Drug Abuse Clients in Treatment by Modality and
 Environment/Type of Care: October 30, 1987

 --------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                    Modality
 Environment/       ------------------------------------------       Total
 type of care         Detox-        Mainten-     Drug-free
                    ification        ance
 --------------------------------------------------------------------------
 Hospital/inpatient   3,408            448           6,831          10,687
 Residential          1,273            809          25,232          27,314
 Outpatient           6,098         81,417         137,994         225,509

 Total               10,779         82,674         170,057         263,510
 --------------------------------------------------------------------------
 NOTE:
  Reported numbers of clients are point-prevalence data indicating number
  of clients in treatment on a single reference day.

 SOURCE:
  NIDA and NIAAA, Highlights from the 1987 National Drug and Alcoholism
  Treatment Unit Survey.

 (Entered: 5/89)


 Annual Unduplicated Count of Clients Served in 12-Month Period Ending
 October 30, 1987 and Number of Treatment Units Reporting, by Unit
 Orientation

 --------------------------------------------------------------------------
 Unit Orientation                 Number of      Number of          Percent
                                      Units        Clients
 --------------------------------------------------------------------------
 Alcohol Abuse Only                   1,682        589,053             41.2
 Combined Alcohol and Drug Abuse      3,904        840,981             58.8
   Total Alcohol                      5,586      1,430,034            100.0

 Drug Abuse Only                      1,044        340,452             40.8
 Combined Drug and Alcohol Abuse      3,836        493,625             59.2
   Total Drug                         4,880        834,077            100.0

 All Units                            6,671      2,264,111
 --------------------------------------------------------------------------
 NOTE: The total # of units reporting is the unduplicated sum of alcohol
       only, drug only and combined units.  As clients could have been
       treated at more than one unit, this table may include some multiple
       counting of clients.

 SOURCE:  NIDA and NIAAA, 1987 National Drug and Alcoholism Treatment Unit
          Survey.

 (Entered:  10/89)

 Estimated Number and Percent of IV Drug Users in Treatment by Unit
 Orientation:  October 30, 1987

 --------------------------------------------------------------------------
 Orientation            Number of        Total      Number of    Percent of
                            Units      Clients       IV Users      IV Users
 --------------------------------------------------------------------------
 Alcohol Only Units         1,708      136,917          5,914           4.3
 Drug Only Units            1,075      144,446         84,788          58.7
 Combined Units             4,083      332,760         34,536          10.4
 Total                      6,866      614,123        125,238          20.4
 --------------------------------------------------------------------------
 NOTE:The 6,866 units shown in this table include 2,712 units for which the
      percentage of IV drug users was zero or missing.  Therefore, the
      numbers and percentages of IV drug users shown here are
      underestimates.

 SOURCE: NIDA and NIAAA, 1987 National Drug and Alcoholism Treatment Unit
         Survey.

 (Entered 10/89)

 # Treatment Facilities & Clients by Facility Location, Oct. 30 '87

 --------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Facility              Alcohol              Drug                Total
  location         -----------------   -----------------   ----------------
                    Facil.   Clients    Facil.   Clients   Facil.*  Clients
 --------------------------------------------------------------------------
 Community mental
   health center      842     60,946      811     28,236     935     89,182
 Hospital **        1,166     55,270      966     34,621   1,238     89,891
 Correctional
   facility            60      2,945       70      6,489      80      9,434
 Halfway house/
   recovery house     698     12,838      358      4,211     724     17,049
 Other residential
   facility           701     21,705      643     23,615     866     45,320
 Outpatient
   facility         2,004    173,912    1,983    132,494   2,584    306,406
 Other                319     22,973      326     33,834     438     56,807
 Not reported           1         24        1         10       1         34

 Total              5,791    350,613    5,158    263,510   6,866    614,123
 --------------------------------------------------------------------------
 * The number of facilities shown in this column is less than the sum of
   facilities shown in the alcohol and drug columns because facilities
   providing combined drug and alcohol treatment are counted only once.

 ** Includes general hospitals (including VA), alcoholism hospitals,
    mental/psychiatric hospitals, and other specialized hospitals.

 SOURCE: NIDA & NIAAA, Highlights from the 1987 National Drug &Alcoholism
         Treatment Unit Survey.

 (Entered: 5/89)


 Number and Percent Distribution of Alcoholism Clients by Age, Sex, and
 Race/Ethnicity According to Unit Location in Single Location Alcoholism
 Only and Combined Units:  October 30, 1987

 --------------------------------------------------------------------------
                       Hospital           Nonhospital             Total
                   --------------------------------------------------------
 Demographic       Number   Percent    Number   Percent    Number   Percent
 Characteristics
 --------------------------------------------------------------------------
 Age (a)
  Under 18          2,454       6.2    18,197       6.4    20,651       6.4
  18-20             1,686       4.3    18,824       6.7    20,510       6.4
  21-24             4,050      10.2    39,957      14.1    44,007      13.7
  25-34            11,155      28.2    88,571      31.3    99,726      31.0
  35-44            10,138      25.7    67,434      23.9    77,572      24.1
  45-54             5,560      14.1    32,138      11.4    37,698      11.7
  55-64             3,271       8.3    13,364       4.7    16,635       5.2
  65 and over       1,208       3.1     4,121       1.5     5,329       1.7
    Subtotal       39,522     100.0   282,606     100.0   322,128     100.0
  Unknown           7,572              14,262              21,834
    Total          47,094             296,875             343,969

  Units reporting   1,082               4,542               5,624

 Sex (b)
  Male             34,698      80.0   218,018      75.8   252,716      76.3
  Female            8,651      20.0    69,677      24.2    78,328      23.7
    Subtotal       43,349     100.0   287,695     100.0   331,044     100.0
  Unknown           3,742               9,141              12,833
    Total          47,091             296,836             343,927

  Units Reporting   1,082               4,542               5,624

 Race/Ethnicity (c)
  White            27,773      71.8   204,065      71.4   231,838      71.4
  Black             7,059      18.2    42,814      15.0    49,873      15.4
  Hispanic          2,924       7.6    29,561      10.3    32,485      10.0
  Asian/Pacific
    Islander          139       0.4     1,543       0.5     1,682       0.5
  American Indian/
    Alaskan Native    722       1.9     6,697       2.3     7,419       2.3
  Other                69       0.2     1,150       0.4     1,219       0.4
    Subtotal       38,686     100.0   285,830     100.0   324,516     100.0
  Unknown           8,130              10,847              18,977
    Total          46,816             296,742             343,558

  Units Reporting   1,081               4,540               5,621
 --------------------------------------------------------------------------
 a = Excludes data from units that did not report clients by age
 b = Excludes data from units that did not report clients by sex
 c = Excludes data from units that did not report clients by race/ethnicity

 NOTE: Excludes data from units that provided both hospital and nonhospital
       care.  Column percentages are based on subtotal, excluding unknowns
       of age, race and sex.  Percentages may not sum to 100 because of
       rounding.

 SOURCE:  NIDA and NIAAA, 1987 National Drug and Alcoholism Treatment Unit
          Survey.

 (Entered:  10/89)


 Number and Percent Distribution of Alcoholism Clients by Age, Sex, and
 Race/Ethnicity According to Inpatient-Outpatient Setting: October 30,
 1987

 --------------------------------------------------------------------------
                      Inpatients          Outpatients            Total
                    -------------------------------------------------------
 Demographic
 Characteristics    Number  Percent     Number  Percent     Number  Percent
 --------------------------------------------------------------------------
 Age (a)
  Under 18           3,535      7.2     17,474      6.3     21,009      6.4
  18-20              2,562      5.2     18,287      6.6     20,849      6.4
  21-24              6,166     12.5     38,755     13.9     44,921     13.7
  25-34             15,113     30.7     86,433     31.0    101,546     31.0
  35-44             11,858     24.1     66,849     24.0     78,707     24.0
  45-54              6,036     12.3     13,986      5.0     16,905      5.2
  65 and over        1,046      2.1      4,363      1.6      5,409      1.7
    Subtotal        49,235    100.0    278,463    100.0    327,698    100.0
  Unknown            2,444              20,097              22,541
    Total           51,679             298,560             350,239

  Units Reporting    2,715               3,781               5,674

 Sex (b)
  Male              38,916     78.5    218,088     75.9    257,004     76.3
  Female            10,641     21.5     69,232     24.1     79,873     23.7
    Subtotal        49,557    100.0    287,320    100.0    336,877    100.0
  Unknown            1,262              12,065              13,327
    Total           50,819             299,385             350,204

  Units Reporting    2,714               3,782               5,674

 Race/Ethnicity (c)
  White             34,566     71.6    201,347     71.5    235,913     71.5
  Black              8,379     17.4     42,584     15.1     50,963     15.4
  Hispanic           3,195      6.6     29,422     10.4     32,617      9.9
  Asian/Pacific        188      0.4      1,503      0.5      1,691      0.5
    Islander
  American Indian/   1,837      3.8      5,746      2.0      7,583      2.3
    Alaskan Native
  Other                 88      0.2      1,137      0.4      1,225      0.4
    Subtotal        48,253    100.0    281,739    100.0    329,992    100.0
  Unknown            2,532              17,247              19,779
    Total           50,785             298,986             349,771

  Units Reporting    2,712               3,778               5,671
 --------------------------------------------------------------------------
 a = Excludes data from units that did not report clients by age
 b = Excludes data from units that did not report clients by sex
 c = Excludes data from units that did not report clients by race/ethnicity

 NOTE: Sum of units reporting inpatients & outpatients does not equal total
       units reporting because units may offer both types of services.
       Column percentages are based on subtotal,excluding unknowns for age,
       race and sex.  Percentages may not sum to 100 because of rounding.

 SOURCE: NIDA and NIAAA, 1987 National Drug and Alcoholism Treatment Unit
         Survey.

 (Entered:  10/89)


 Number and Percent Distribution of Alcoholism Clients by Age, Sex, and
 Race/Ethnicity According to Type of Care in Single Type of Care
 Alcoholism Only and Combined Units:  October 30, 1987

 --------------------------------------------------------------------------
                             Medical              Social    Rehabilitation/
 Demographic          Detoxification      Detoxification           Recovery
 Characteristics     ------------------------------------------------------
                    Number   Percent    Number   Percent    Number  Percent
 --------------------------------------------------------------------------
 Age (a)
  Under 18              85       3.0        40       2.0     1,513      7.9
  18-20                145       5.0        74       3.7     1,126      5.9
  21-24                301      10.4       240      11.9     2,785     14.6
  25-34                793      27.5       600      29.7     6,351     33.2
  35-44                770      26.7       544      26.9     4,211     22.0
  45-54                419      14.5       320      15.8     2,087     10.9
  55-64                257       8.9       161       8.0       833      4.4
  65 and over          111       3.9        44       2.2       229      1.2
    Subtotal         2,881     100.0     2,023     100.0    19,135    100.0
  Unknown              252                  76                 571
    Total            3,133               2,099              19,706

  Units Reporting      201                 100               1,066

 Sex (b)
  Male               2,387      77.4     1,753      83.8    15,256     78.8
  Female               695      22.6       339      16.2     4,104     21.2
    Subtotal         3,082     100.0     2,092     100.0    19,360    100.0
  Unknown               51                   7                 302
    Total            3,133               2,099              19,662

  Units Reporting      201                 100               1,065

 Race/Ethnicity (c)
  White              1,937      67.8     1,381      67.5    13,471     70.3
  Black                589      20.6       446      21.8     3,398     17.7
  Hispanic             277       9.7       112       5.5     1,408      7.4
  Asian/Pacific
    Islander             5       0.2         5       0.2       102      0.5
  American Indian/
    Alaskan Native      46       1.6        99       4.8       722      3.8
  Other                  5       0.2         4       0.2        49      0.3
    Subtotal         2,859     100.0     2,047     100.0    19,150    100.0
  Unknown              274                  52                 512
    Total            3,133               2,099              19,662

  Units Reporting      201                  100               1,065

 --------------------------------------------------------------------------
                          Custodial/               Total         Outpatient
 Demographic             Domiciliary           Inpatient     Rehabilitation
 Characteristics     ------------------------------------------------------
                    Number   Percent    Number   Percent    Number  Percent
 --------------------------------------------------------------------------
 Age (a)
  Under 18             63        4.3     1,701       6.7    14,735      6.6
  18-20                68        4.7     1,413       5.5    15,178      6.8
  21-24               124        8.5     3,450      13.5    31,763     14.2
  25-34               391       26.9     8,135      31.9    69,400     31.1
  35-44               363       25.0     5,888      23.1    53,225     23.8
  45-54               230       15.9     3,056      12.0    25,395     11.4
  55-64               163       11.2     1,414       5.5    10,395      4.7
  65 and over          49        3.4       433       1.7     3,219      1.4
    Subtotal        1,451      100.0    25,490     100.0   223,310    100.0
  Unknown               9                  908              11,686
    Total           1,460               26,398             235,003

  Units Reporting     100                1,467               2,945

 Sex (b)
  Male              1,260       86.3    20,656      79.5   172,834     75.5
  Female              200       13.7     5,338      20.5    56,085     24.5
    Subtotal        1,460      100.0    25,994     100.0   228,919    100.0
  Unknown               0                  360               6,089
    Total           1,460               26,354             235,008

  Units Reporting     100                1,466               2,946

 Race/Ethnicity (c)
  White             1,076       73.7    17,865      70.0   161,903     71.5
  Black               241       16.5     4,674      18.3    32,433     14.3
  Hispanic            105        7.2     1,902       7.5    25,454     11.2
  Asian/Pacific
    Islander            1        0.1       113       0.4     1,277      0.6
  American Indian/
    Alaskan Native     35        2.4       902       3.5     4,391      1.9
  Other                 1        0.1        59       0.2     1,034      0.5
    Subtotal        1,459      100.0    25,515     100.0   226,492    100.0
  Unknown               1                  839               8,343
    Total           1,460               26,354             234,900

  Units Reporting     100                1,466               2,945
 --------------------------------------------------------------------------

 (a) = Excludes data from units that did not report clients by age.
 (b) = Excludes data from units that did not report clients by sex.
 (c) = Excludes data from units that did not report clients by race/eth.

 NOTE:Excludes data from facilities that provided multiple types of care.
      Column percentages are based on subtotal, excluding unknowns for age,
      race and sex.  Percentages may not sum to 100 because of rounding.

 SOURCE: NIDA and NIAAA, 1987 National Drug and Alcoholism Treatment Unit
         Survey.

 (Entered:  10/89)


 Annual Unduplicated Count of Alcoholism Clients Served in the 12-Month
 Period Ending October 30, 1987, by Type of Care in Alcoholism Only and
 Combined Units

 --------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                  Annual Alcoholism
                                       Clients
                                ---------------------
 Type of Care                   Number        Percent       Number of Units
 --------------------------------------------------------------------------
 Alcohol Only Units
  Medical Detoxification        49,589          10.8                     66
  Social Detoxification         60,719          13.2                     63
  Inpatient Rehabilitation      72,878          15.8                    451
  Custodial/Domiciliary          3,670           0.8                     48
  Outpatient Rehabilitation    273,922          59.4                    806
    Subtotal                   460,778         100.0                  1,434
  Multiple Types               128,275                                  248
    Total                      589,053                                1,682

 Combined Units
  Medical Detoxification        49,750           9.7                    146
  Social Detoxification         13,088           2.5                     36
  Inpatient Rehabilitation      63,378          12.3                    610
  Custodial/Domiciliary          2,620           0.5                     54
  Outpatient Rehabilitation    384,472          74.9                  2,070
    Subtotal                   513,308         100.0                  2,916
  Multiple Types               327,673                                  988
    Total                      840,981                                3,904

 Total
  Medical Detoxification        99,339          10.2                    212
  Social Detoxification         73,807           7.6                     99
  Inpatient Rehabilitation     136,256          14.0                  1,061
  Custodial/Domiciliary          6,290           0.6                    102
  Outpatient Rehabilitation    658,394          67.6                  2,876
    Subtotal                   974,086         100.0                  4,350
  Multiple Types               455,948                                1,236
    Total                    1,430,034                                5,586
 --------------------------------------------------------------------------

 NOTE:Percentages based on subtotal for single type of care only.
      Percentages may not sum to 100 because of rounding.  As clients could
      have been treated at more than one unit, this table may include some
      multiple counting of clients.

 SOURCE:  NIDA and NIAAA, 1987 National Drug and Alcoholism Treatment Unit
          Survey.

 (Entered:  10/89)


 Number of Alcohol and Combined Units, Alcoholism Clients in Treatment,
 Budgeted Capacity, and Utilization Rate by Unit Location and Type of
 Care:  October 30, 1987

 --------------------------------------------------------------------------
                       Community    Hospital (a)    Correctional    Halfway
  Type of Care            Mental                        Facility      House
                          Health
                          Center
 --------------------------------------------------------------------------
 Inpatient/Residential

  Medical Detoxification
    Number of Units           65             707               3         14
    Clients                  302           4,467             214         90
    Capacity                 497           7,518             264        123
    Utilization Rate        60.8            59.4            81.1       73.2

  Social Detoxification
    Number of Units           57              65               3         51
    Clients                  532             477              30        292
    Capacity                 652             680              30        382
    Utilization Rate        81.6            70.1           100.0       76.4

  Rehabilitation/Recovery
    Number of Units           87             779              17        624
    Clients                  997          13,094             892      9,613
    Capacity               1,285          18,760           1,014     11,601
    Utilization Rate        77.6            69.8            88.0       82.9

  Custodial/Domiciliary
    Number of Units           10              22               8         62
    Clients                  187             312             124        774
    Capacity                 196             564             168        920
    Utilization Rate        95.4            55.3            73.8       84.1

  Inpatient Total
    Number of Units (c)      148           1,024              27        691
    Clients                2,018          18,350           1,260     10,769
    Capacity               2,630          27,522           1,476     13,026
    Utilization Rate        76.7            66.7            85.4       82.7

 Outpatient

    Number of Units          735             527              35         78
    Clients               53,562          36,379           1,685      2,069
    Capacity              60,152          42,789           2,928      2,721
    Utilization Rate        89.0            85.0            57.6       76.0

 --------------------------------------------------------------------------

                           Other      Outpatient           Other  Total (b)
  Type of Care       Residential        Facility
                        Facility
 --------------------------------------------------------------------------
 Inpatient/Residential

  Medical Detoxification
    Number of Units           89              15              46        939
    Clients                  686             169             463      6,391
    Capacity               1,065             185             701     10,353
    Utilization Rate        64.4            91.4            66.1       61.7

  Social Detoxification
    Number of Units          144               8              61        390
    Clients                1,533             105           1,032      4,015
    Capacity               2,064              53           2,272      6,154
    Utilization Rate        74.3           198.1            45.4       65.2

  Rehabilitation/Recovery
    Number of Units          551              30              96      2,185
    Clients               10,620             264           2,011     37,501
    Capacity              14,209             369           3,369     50,615
    Utilization Rate        74.7            71.5            59.7       74.1

  Custodial/Domiciliary
    Number of Units           56               5              19        182
    Clients                  857             119             315      2,688
    Capacity               1,148             125             701      3,822
    Utilization Rate        74.7            95.2            44.9       70.3

  Inpatient Total
    Number of Units (c)      672              46             161      2,770
    Clients               13,696             657           3,821     50,595
    Capacity              18,486             732           7,043     70,944
    Utilization Rate        74.1            89.8            54.3       71.3

 Outpatient

    Number of Units          183           1,932             211      3,701
    Clients                7,932         166,874          18,832    287,333
    Capacity               9,296         205,623          21,844    345,393
    Utilization Rate        85.3            81.2            86.1       83.2
 --------------------------------------------------------------------------
 a = Hospital category includes general hospitals, alcoholism hospitals,
     mental psychiatric hospitals and other specialized hospitals
 b = Total includes data form one unit that did not report unit location.
 c = Total number of units may not equal the sum of the numbers of units
     across types of care as units may provide more than one type of care.

 NOTE:  Excludes data from units that did not report budgeted capacity.
        Some outpatient units reported providing services to
        residential/inpatients

 SOURCE:  NIDA and NIAAA 1987 National Drug and Alcoholism Treatment Unit
          Survey.

 (Entered:  10/89)


 Number of Alcoholism Only and Combined Units, Alcoholism Clients in
 Treatment, Budgeted Capacity and Utilization Rate, by Unit Location and
 Facility Location:  October 30, 1987

 --------------------------------------------------------------------------
                       Community    Hospital (a)    Correctional    Halfway
  Facility Location       Mental                        Facility      House
                          Health
                          Center
 --------------------------------------------------------------------------
 Inpatient/Residential

  Hospital
    Number of Units           59             965               3         31
    Clients                  560          16,304              59        455
    Capacity                 690          24,465              59        554
    Utilization Rate        81.2            66.6           100.0       82.1

  Nonhospital
    Number of Units          106              86              24        660
    Clients                1,458           2,046           1,201     10,314
    Capacity               1,940           3,058           1,417     12,472
    Utilization Rate        75.2            66.9            84.8       82.7

  Total
    Number of Units (c)      148           1,024              27        691
    Clients                2,018          18,350           1,260     10,769
    Capacity               2,630          27,522           1,476     13,026
    Utilization Rate        76.7            66.7            85.4       82.7

 Outpatient/Nonresidential

  Hospital
    Number of Units           16             224               0          1
    Clients                  888          14,613               0          8
    Capacity               1,063          17,678               0         10
    Utilization Rate        83.5            82.7             N/A       80.0

  Nonhospital
    Number of Units          721             308              35         77
    Clients               52,674          21,766           1,685      2,061
    Capacity              59,089          25,111           2,928      2,711
    Utilization Rate        89.1            86.7            57.6       76.0

 Total
    Number of Units (c)      735             527              35         78
    Clients               53,562          36,379           1,685      2,069
    Capacity              60,152          42,789           2,928      2,721
    Utilization Rate        89.0            85.0            57.6       76.0

 --------------------------------------------------------------------------

                           Other      Outpatient           Other  Total (b)
  Facility Location  Residential        Facility
                        Facility
 --------------------------------------------------------------------------
 Inpatient/Residential

  Hospital
    Number of Units           64              15              36      1,173
    Clients                1,190              36           1,027     19,631
    Capacity               1,796              92           2,042     29,698
    Utilization Rate        66.3            39.1            50.3       66.1

  Nonhospital
    Number of Units          620              32             127      1,656
    Clients               12,506             621           2,794     30,964
    Capacity              16,690             640           5,001     41,247
    Utilization Rate        74.9            97.0            55.9       75.1

  Total
    Number of Units (c)      672              46             161      2,770
    Clients               13,696             657           3,821     50,595
    Capacity              18,486             732           7,043     70,944
    Utilization Rate        74.1            89.8            54.3       71.3

 Outpatient/Nonresidential

  Hospital
    Number of Units           10              33               5        289
    Clients                   99           2,789              77     18,474
    Capacity                 211           3,387             101     22,450
    Utilization Rate        46.9            82.3            76.2       82.3

  Nonhospital
    Number of Units          173           1,901             208      3,423
    Clients                7,833         164,085          18,755    268,859
    Capacity               9,085         202,236          21,783    322,943
    Utilization Rate        86.2            81.1            86.1       83.3

 Total
    Number of Units (c)      183           1,932             211      3,701
    Clients                7,932         166,874          18,832    287,333
    Capacity               9,296         205,623          21,884    345,393
    Utilization Rate        85.3            81.2            86.1       83.2
 --------------------------------------------------------------------------
 a = Hospital category includes general hospitals, alcoholism hospitals,
     mental/psychiatric hospitals and other specialized hospitals
 b = Total includes data form one unit that did not report unit location.
 c = Total number of units may not equal the sum of the numbers of units
     across facility locations as units may provide treatment in more than
     one location.

 NOTE:  Excludes data from units that did not report budgeted capacity.
        Some outpatient units reported providing services to
        residential/inpatients

 SOURCE:  NIDA and NIAAA 1987 National Drug and Alcoholism Treatment Unit
          Survey.

 (Entered:  10/89)


 Average Number of Inpatient and Outpatient Alcoholism Clients Per
 Counselor and Units Reporting Clents Per Counselor in Alcoholism Only
 Units According to Unit Location and Type of Care Provided by Unit

 --------------------------------------------------------------------------
                              Community  Hospital (a)    Correc-    Halfway
 Type of Care                    Mental                   tional      House
 Provided                        Health                 Facility
                                 Center
 --------------------------------------------------------------------------
 Inpatient

  Medical Detoxification
  Only Units
    Clients Per Counselor        5.0              5.9        N/A        4.0
    Units Reporting                3               49          0          1

  Social Detoxification
  Only Units
    Clients Per Counselor        5.8              8.7        N/A        5.7
    Units Reporting                4                6          0          3

  Rehabilitation/Recovery
  Only Units
    Clients Per Counselor        5.0              6.0       16.3        7.6
    Units Reporting                3               51          4        285

  Custodial/Domiciliary
  Only Units
    Clients Per Counselor       13.0              5.0       30.0        9.4
    Units Reporting                1                1          1         29

  Multiple Type of Care Units
    Clients Per Counselor       11.1              6.7       16.0        7.5
    Units Reporting               10              103          1         46

  Total
    Clients Pre Counselor        8.4              6.4       18.5        7.7
    Units Reporting               21              210          6        364

 Outpatient

  Total
    Clients Per Counselor       32.8             27.6       21.3       18.4
    Units Reporting              105              135          4         21

 --------------------------------------------------------------------------
 Type of Care                  Other       Outpatient      Other      Total
 Provided                Residential         Facility
                           Facility
 --------------------------------------------------------------------------
 Inpatient

  Medical Detoxification
  Only Units
    Clients Per Counselor        6.3              N/A        8.8        6.1
    Units Reporting                7                0          6         66

  Social Detoxification
  Only Units
    Clients Per Counselor        8.5              N/A        8.4        8.2
    Units Reporting               30                0         19         62

  Rehabilitation/Recovery
  Only Units
    Clients Per Counselor        7.8             10.0        6.8        7.5
    Units Reporting               96                1         12        452

  Custodial/Domiciliary
  Only Units
    Clients Per Counselor       11.5              N/A        6.7       10.2
    Units Reporting               13                0          3         48


  Multiple Type of Care Units
    Clients Per Counselor        7.1              5.4        8.6        7.3
    Units Reporting               69                5         17        251

  Total
    Clients Pre Counselor        7.8              6.2        8.1        7.5
    Units Reporting              215                6         57        879

 Outpatient

  Total
    Clients Per Counselor       19.8             31.8       37.6       30.8
    Units Reporting               48              597         65        975
 --------------------------------------------------------------------------
 a = Hospital category includes general hospitals, alcoholism hospitals,
     mental/psychiatric hospitals and other specialized hospitals.

 NOTE: Excludes data for units which did not report inpatient or outpatient
       clients per counselor and those to which these items did not apply.
       Data on clients per counselor are unweighted averages across units.

 SOURCE:  NIDA and NIAAA, 1987 National Drug and Alcoholism Treatment Unit
          Survey.

 (Entered:  10/89)

 Alcoholism Clients in Alcohol/Combined Units by State/Sex,Oct30'87

 --------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                          Sex
                       ----------------------------------------
 State                  Male      Female      Unknown      Total      Units
                                                                  Reporting
 --------------------------------------------------------------------------
 Alabama              1,148         343             0      1,491         41
 Alaska                 917         361            15      1,293         29
 Arizona              2,698       1,010           106      3,814         72
 Arkansas             1,648         302             0      1,950         45
 California          47,853      14,095         1,229     63,177        879
 Colorado             6,549       1,654           328      8,531        158
 Connecticut          2,322         633           516      3,471        102
 Delaware             1,144         249             0      1,393         17
 District of Columbia   860         269           115      1,244         12
 Florida              8,786       2,965            32     11,783        193

 Georgia              4,246       1,331           355      5,932         51
 Hawaii                 594         144             0        738         30
 Idaho                  885         447             0      1,332         27
 Illinois             9,195       3,222           106     12,523        194
 Indiana              4,214       1,104            62      5,380         98
 Iowa                 2,572         811            15      3,398         94
 Kansas               1,560         391           645      2,596         71
 Kentucky             3,107       1,061           894      5,062        125
 Louisiana            3,788       1,356             2      5,146         75
 Maine                1,592         548           179      2,319         40

 Maryland             8,554       1,766            13     10,333        142
 Massachusetts        8,606       2,961           441     12,008        165
 Michigan             8,140       3,132           759     12,031        205
 Minnesota            1,826         599            56      2,481        137
 Mississippi          2,267         401         1,267      3,935         84
 Missouri             3,097         853            26      3,976         90
 Montana              1,000         441             0      1,441         34
 Nebraska             2,944       1,482             4      4,430        105
 Nevada                 547         228             2        777         37
 New Hampshire        1,131         563           707      2,401         51

 New Jersey           6,453       2,316            73      8,842        154
 New Mexico           3,072         900            43      4,015         47
 New York            26,500       8,467         1,159     36,126        398
 North Carolina       4,402       1,340           589      6,331         98
 North Dakota         1,082         524            65      1,671         30
 Ohio                 9,015       3,338           411     12,764        239
 Oklahoma             1,781         631            19      2,431         52
 Oregon               5,569       1,797            10      7,376        130
 Pennsylvania        10,706       3,696           282     14,684        313
 Rhode Island         1,961         799             0      2,760         41

 South Carolina       8,470       1,829             0     10,299         51
 South Dakota         1,184         247            38      1,469         29
 Tennessee            2,276         824            16      3,116         54
 Texas                4,156       1,092           166      5,414        216
 Utah                 3,439         765            50      4,254         38
 Vermont                720         362             0      1,082         18
 Virginia             4,920       1,853           728      7,501         79
 Washington           7,730       1,819             1      9,550         98
 West Virginia        1,542         384         1,260      3,186         22
 Wisconsin            4,745       1,896           120      6,761        117
 Wyoming                361         172           423        956         23
 Puerto Rico          3,130         100             0      3,230         24

 Total              257,004      79,873        13,327    350,204      5,674
 --------------------------------------------------------------------------
 SOURCE:  NIDA and NIAAA, 1987 National Drug and Alcoholism Treatment Unit
          Survey.

 (Entered:  10/89)

 Alcoholism Clients by State & Race/Ethnicity, Oct. 30, 1987

 --------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                   Race/Ethnicity
                ---------------------------------------------------
 State          White   Black   Hispanic   Other   Unknown    Total   Units
                                                                    Report-
                                                                        ing
 --------------------------------------------------------------------------
 Alabama        1,054     376          2       3        56    1,491      41
 Alaska           615      17          9     647         5    1,293      29
 Arizona        2,217     154        692     424       297    3,784      72
 Arkansas       1,416     457         30      34        13    1,950      45
 California    38,583   6,958     14,110   2,121     1,405   63,177     879
 Colorado       5,178     306      1,802     208     1,023    8,517     157
 Connecticut    1,424     294        246      10     1,497    3,471     102
 Delaware         446     116         18       9       804    1,393      17
 District of
   Columbia       131     960          8      28       117    1,244      12
 Florida        8,927   1,672        862      50       330   11,841     193

 Georgia        3,385   2,155         18      18       356    5,932      51
 Hawaii           240      15         32     233       218      738      30
 Idaho          1,156       7        122      47         0    1,332      27
 Illinois       9,308   1,958        626     250       381   12,523     194
 Indiana        3,809     718         75      36       721    5,359      97
 Iowa           3,013     120         27      34       204    3,398      94
 Kansas         1,698     110         89      53       646    2,596      71
 Kentucky       3,728     404         17      24       889    5,062     125
 Louisiana      3,307   1,731         69      26        13    5,146      75
 Maine          2,202      13          4      53        47    2,319      40

 Maryland       6,907   3,231        134      40        21   10,333     142
 Massachusetts  9,860   1,055        439     267       388   12,009     165
 Michigan       8,325   2,055        290     259       845   11,774     205
 Minnesota      2,039     100         28     248        66    2,481     137
 Mississippi    1,347     955          5       4     1,624    3,935      84
 Missouri       2,715     663         25      21       552    3,976      90
 Montana        1,107       5         19     310         0    1,441      34
 Nebraska       3,814     167        168     251        30    4,430     105
 Nevada           627      71         26      48         5      777      37
 New Hampshire  1,979      25         12       8       377    2,401      51

 New Jersey     5,979   2,014        677      30       142    8,842     154
 New Mexico       917      73      1,770   1,207        48    4,015      47
 New York      23,420   7,488      3,171     399     1,475   35,953     397
 North Carolina 3,711   1,892         21      76       631    6,331      98
 North Dakota   1,380       3         10     181        97    1,671      30
 Ohio           9,715   2,081        474      72       422   12,764     239
 Oklahoma       1,754     220         42     393        22    2,431      52
 Oregon         6,099     223        484     546        24    7,376     130
 Pennsylvania  11,503   2,474        383      39       285   14,684     313
 Rhode Island   1,936     125         39      28       632    2,760      41

 South Carolina 7,097   3,029         14      43       116   10,299      51
 South Dakota     791       4          6     253       415    1,469      29
 Tennessee      2,246     500          6       2       362    3,116      54
 Texas          3,115     659      1,085     108       447    5,414     216
 Utah           3,330      94        479     276        75    4,254      38
 Vermont        1,003       9          5       0        65    1,082      18
 Virginia       4,813   1,742        144      43       759    7,501      79
 Washington     7,794     844        387     459        66    9,550      98
 West Virginia  2,919     263          1       3         0    3,186      22
 Wisconsin      5,363     350        159     542       350    6,764     117
 Wyoming          471       8         26      35       416      956      23
 Puerto Rico        0       0      3,230       0         0    3,230      24

 Total        235,913  50,963     32,617  10,499    19,779  349,771   5,671
 --------------------------------------------------------------------------
 SOURCE:  NIDA and NIAAA, 1987 National Drug and Alcoholism Treatment Unit
          Survey.

 (Entered:  10/89)

 Alcoholism Clients by State and Age, Oct. 30, 1987

 --------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                     Age Groups
                      --------------------------------------------
 State                Under 18    18-20    21-24    25-34    35-44    Units
                                                                  Reporting
 --------------------------------------------------------------------------
 Alabama                    30       64      159      420      357       41
 Alaska                     78      100      200      461      273       29
 Arizona                   298      219      438      966    1,024       72
 Arkansas                  128      166      306      488      368       45
 California              3,255    3,134     8396   19,728   16,356      879
 Colorado                  394      503    1,223    2,855    1,663      157
 Connectucut                67      207      284      702      382      102
 Delaware                   12       52      187      555      341       17
 District of Columbia       14       15       58      279      346       12
 Florida                   320      598    1,685    3,389    3,115      193

 Georgia                   160      181      549    1,750    1,648       51
 Hawaii                     90       22       90      201       79       30
 Idaho                     146      113      216      398      285       27
 Illinois                  829      914    1,561    3,898    3,031      194
 Indiana                   355      463      842    1,236      944       98
 Iowa                      374      292      486    1,024      570       94
 Kansas                    151      191      467      569      356       71
 Kentucky                  290      574      568    1,311      800      126
 Louisiana                 438      334      654    1,779    1,103       75
 Maine                     101      130      367      600      615       40

 Maryland                  528      621    1,458    3,242    2,322      142
 Massachusetts             375      581    1,745    3,507    2,613      165
 Michigan                  741      689    1,565    3,348    2,588      205
 Minnesota                 249      151      352      722      447      137
 Mississippi               117      254      438      823      489       84
 Missouri                  262      226      511    1,109      824       90
 Montana                   148      135      182      414      320       34
 Nebraska                  521      472      857    1,235      745      105
 Nevada                     85       28      100      235      177       37
 New Hampshire             212      128      194      516      350       51

 New Jersey                955      575    1,116    2,516    1,822      154
 New Mexico                265      282      601    1,297      844       47
 New York                1,369    1,382    3,987    9,399    8,258      398
 North Carolina            151      258      605    1,778    1,579       98
 North Dakota              149      138      201      499      378       30
 Ohio                    1,250      767    1,641    3,913    2,649      239
 Oklahoma                  141      352      305      636      491       52
 Oregon                    608      382      923    2,469    1,556      130
 Pennsylvania            1,765    1,170    2,137    3,868    3,348      313
 Rhode Island              114      108      257      912      696       41

 South Carolina            584      627    1,126    3,252    2,669       51
 South Dakota               72      181      152      294      177       29
 Tennessee                 167      127      349      779      681       54
 Texas                     626      323      673    1,319    1,183      216
 Utah                      154      303      596    1,641      919       38
 Vermont                   111      160      199      315      169       18
 Virgina                   631      495      988    2,199    1,361       79
 Washington                370      710    1,301    2,608    2,352       98
 West Virginia             239      203      428    1,018      659       22
 Wisconsin                 462      668      940    2,191    1,126      117
 Wyoming                    56       63       72      140      121       23
 Puerto Rico                 2       18      186      743    1,098       24

 Total                  21,009   20,849   44,921   101,546  78,707    5,674

 --------------------------------------------------------------------------

                                        Age Groups
                         -----------------------------------------
 State                 45-54    55-64   65 and  Unknown    Total      Units
                                          Over                    Reporting
 --------------------------------------------------------------------------
 Alabama                 212      139       11       99    1,491         41
 Alaska                  134       37        8        2    1,293         29
 Arizona                 385      208       37      239    3,814         72
 Arkansas                278      180       34        2    1,950         45
 California            6,861    2,910      909    1,628   63,177        879
 Colorado                726      267      131      764    8,526        157
 Connectucut             236      108       50    1,435    3,471        102
 Delaware                131       83       30        2    1,393         17
 District of Columbia    154       58       12      308    1,244         12
 Florida               1,477      682      308      209   11,783        193

 Georgia                 867      354      103      320    5,932         51
 Hawaii                   32       14        5      205      738         30
 Idaho                    91       51       22       10    1,332         27
 Illinois              1,107      556      146      480   12,522        194
 Indiana                 532      220       58      730    5,380         98
 Iowa                    265      122       50      215    3,398         94
 Kansas                  145       79       29      609    2,596         71
 Kentucky                412      127       46      978    5,106        126
 Louisiana               530      214       67       27    5,146         75
 Maine                   210       73       32      191    2,319         40

 Maryland              1,285      594      197       80   10,327        142
 Massachusetts         1,210      533      174    1,270   12,008        165
 Michigan              1,318      521      152    1,109   12,031        205
 Minnesota               263      141       86       70    2,481        137
 Mississippi             281      201       41    1,291    3,935         84
 Missouri                339      170       36      499    3,976         90
 Montana                 156       67       19        0    1,441         34
 Nebraska                345      181       67        7    4,430        105
 Nevada                  101       38       10        3      777         37
 New Hampshire           140       58       14      789    2,401         51

 New Jersey            1,119      460      142      137    8,842        154
 New Mexico              322      200       67       97    4,015         47
 New York              5,317    1,979      471    3,964   36,126        398
 North Carolina          870      345      120      625    6,331         98
 North Dakota            147       81       33       45    1,671         30
 Ohio                  1,239      551      214      540   12,764        239
 Oklahoma                236      110       46      114    2,431         52
 Oregon                  805      342       94      197    7,376        130
 Pennsylvania          1,434      596      170      196   14,684        313
 Rhode Island            321      192       60      100    2,760         41

 South Carolina        1,114      586      223      118   10,299         51
 South Dakota            106       39       15      433    1,469         29
 Tennessee               436      163       61      353    3,116         54
 Texas                   561      293      165      271    5,414        216
 Utah                    367      166       69       39    4,254         38
 Vermont                  71       27       16       14    1,082         18
 Virginia                594      294       80      859    7,501         79
 Washington            1,276      598      230      105    9,550         98
 West Virginia           387      190       62        0    3,186         22
 Wisconsin               609      321      102      345    6,764        117
 Wyoming                  59       23        4      418      956         23
 Puerto Rico             739      363       81        0    3,230         24

 TOTAL                38,352   16,905    5,409   22,541  350,239      5,674
 --------------------------------------------------------------------------
 SOURCE:  NIDA and NIAAA, 1987 National Drug and Alcoholism Treatment Unit
          Survey.

 (Entered:  10/89)


 Number of Alcoholism and Combined Treatment Units, Alcoholism Clients in
 Treatment, Budgeted Capacity and Utilization Rate, by State:  October
 30, 1987

 --------------------------------------------------------------------------
                      Treatment      Clients in      Budgeted   Utilization
 State                    Units       Treatment      Capacity          Rate
 --------------------------------------------------------------------------
 Alabama                    41            1,339         1,671          80.1
 Alaska                     30            1,293         1,934          66.9
 Arizona                    72            3,796         4,865          78.0
 Arkansas                   45            1,946         2,325          83.7
 California                880           63,177        73,600          85.8
 Colorado                  160            8,678        11,826          73.4
 Connecticut               106            3,279         3,781          86.7
 Delaware                   16            1,323         1,509          87.7
 District of Columbia       12              646         1,229          52.6
 Florida                   187           11,416        12,797          89.2

 Georgia                    51            5,927         6,589          90.0
 Hawaii                     29              598           808          74.0
 Idaho                      28            1,332         1,669          79.8
 Illinois                  175           10,989        12,785          86.0
 Indiana                    93            5,367         6,959          77.1
 Iowa                       94            3,398         4,433          76.7
 Kansas                     74            2,596         3,301          78.6
 Kentucky                  116            4,617         5,681          81.3
 Louisiana                  76            5,146         4,756         108.2
 Maine                      39            2,308         3,694          62.5

 Maryland                  141            9,647        11,742          82.2
 Massachusetts             164           12,025        14,106          85.2
 Michigan                  206           11,976        17,259          69.4
 Minnesota                 137            2,475         3,802          65.1
 Mississippi                71            3,266         5,196          62.9
 Missouri                   93            3,976         5,436          73.1
 Montana                    33            1,400         1,548          90.4
 Nebraska                  107            4,435         4,973          89.2
 Nevada                     40              777           916          84.8
 New Hampshire              51            2,344         2,089         112.2

 New Jersey                154            8,852        11,887          74.5
 New Mexico                 47            4,015         4,090          98.2
 New York                  367           31,946        38,888          82.1
 North Carolina             98            6,331         7,196          88.0
 North Dakota               30            1,671         2,269          73.6
 Ohio                      238           12,793        15,736          81.3
 Oklahoma                   52            2,431         3,271          74.3
 Oregon                    130            7,376         8,359          88.2
 Pennsylvania              325           14,680        22,894          64.1
 Rhode Island               41            2,760         3,404          81.1

 South Carolina             51           10,299        11,156          92.3
 South Dakota               29            1,469         1,863          78.9
 Tennessee                  55            3,116         3,552          87.7
 Texas                     221            5,235         9,115          57.4
 Utah                       39            4,254         4,209         101.1
 Vermont                    19            1,082         1,246          86.8
 Virginia                   77            7,307         8,044          90.8
 Washington                 99            9,550        11,793          81.0
 West Virginia              16              530           652          81.3
 Wisconsin                 125            6,553         7,756          84.5
 Wyoming                    23              956         1,289          74.2
 Puerto Rico                24            3,230         4,389          73.6

 Total                    5,627         337,928       416,337          81.2
 --------------------------------------------------------------------------
 NOTE: Excludes units which did not report budgeted capacity for alcoholism
       clients.

 SOURCE:  NIDA and NIAAA, 1987 National Drug and Alcoholism Treatment Unit
          Survey.

 (Entered:  10/89)


 Number of Alcoholism Treatment Units, Alcoholism Clients in Treatment,
 Budgeted Capacity, and Utilization Rate According To Unit Orientation
 and Ownership:  October 30,1987.

 --------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                  Unit Ownership
                           Private                Public
 Unit Orientation ----------------------------------------------      Total
                  For Profit   Non-Profit   State/Local   Federal
 --------------------------------------------------------------------------
 Alcohol Only
  Number of Units        236        1,086           286       56       1664
  Clients             23,990       68,484        31,366    7,401    131,241
  Capacity            32,046       81,067        35,132    9,036    157,281
  Utilization Rate      74.9         84.5          89.3     81.9       83.4


 Combined
  Number of Units        643        2,607           609      104      3,963
  Clients             18,338      125,870        51,757   10,722    206,687
  Capacity            31,984      159,490        56,408   11,174    259,056
  Utilization Rate      57.3         78.9          91.8     96.0       79.8


 Total
  Number of Units        879         3693           895      160      5,627
  Clients             42,328      194,354        83,123   18,123    337,928
  Capacity            64,030      240,557        91,540   20,210    416,337
  Utilization Rate      66.1         80.8          90.8     89.7       81.2
 --------------------------------------------------------------------------
 SOURCE:  NIDA and NIAAA, 1987 National Drug and Alcoholism Treatment Unit
          Survey.

 (Entered:  10/89)


 Number of Alcoholism Units Reporting Funding, Total Funding, Average
 Funding Per Unit, Annual Unduplicated Client Count, and Average Funding
 Per Client by Source of Funds:  Funding for Fiscal Year Including
 October 30, 1987 and Clients Treated in 12-Month Period Ending with that
 Date

 --------------------------------------------------------------------------
                             Units     Total    Average     Annual  Dollars
 Funding Source          Reporting   Funding    Funding     Undup-      Per
                                   ($1,000's)  Per Unit    licated   Client
                                              ($1,000's)
 --------------------------------------------------------------------------
 Federal
  ADAMHA Program Support
    (other than Block Grants)  177      9,404       53.1     54,104     174
  Other Federal Funds          511     72,669      142.2    152,780     476
  Subtotal                     665     82,073      123.4    195,746     419

 State/Local Government
  State (includes ADAMHA
    Block Grants)            2,515    336,834      133.9    749,525     449
  Local (e.g., city, county) 1,812    105,728       58.3    569,013     186
  Government Fees for Service  788     74,612       94.7    230,018     324
  Subtotal                   3,296    517,173      156.9    934,534     553

 Other Public
  Public Welfare (e.g.
    Title XX, Food Stamps)     874     27,111       31.0    191,300     142
  Public Third-Party (e.g.
    CHAMPUS, Medicaid)       1,332    142,798      107.2    402,869     354
  Subtotal                   2,044    169,909       83.1    541,655     314

 Private
  Donations                  1,254     26,548       21.2    329,300      81
  Private Third-Party (e.g.,
    BlueCross/
    Blue Shield, HMO)        2,151    579,264      269.3    607,531     953
  Client Fees                3,657    218,410       59.7    946,717     231
 Subtotal                    4,032    824,222      204.4  1,038,816     793

 Other                         904     63,275       70.0    262,961     241

 Total                       4,822  1,656,652      343.6  1,249,735   1,326
 --------------------------------------------------------------------------
 NOTE:
  Based on alcohol data from alcoholism only and combined alcohol and
  drug abuse treatment units.  Excludes data from units which did not
  report annual unduplicated number of clients and which did not report
  funding.  Due to rounding thousands, funds may not sum to total.
  Totals and subtotals for units reporting and annual unduplicated
  client count may not equal the sum of the values for the component
  funding sources as units may report funds from multiple sources.  As
  clients could have been treated at more than one unit, the annual
  unduplicated client count column may include some multiple counting of
  clients.

 SOURCE:  NIDA and NIAAA, 1987 National Drug and Alcoholism Treatment Unit
          Survey.

 (Entered:  10/89)


 Total Financial Support for Alcoholism and Drug Abuse Treatment Services
 by Funding Source and Number of Units Reporting Receiving Funds From
 Each Source:  Fiscal Year Including October 1987

 --------------------------------------------------------------------------
                       Drug Funds        Alcohol Funds        Total Funds
 Funding-------------------------------------------------------
 Source               Amount     Units    Amount    Units     Amount  Units
                   ($1,000's)          ($1,000's)          ($1,000's)
 --------------------------------------------------------------------------
 Federal
  ADAMHA Program
    Support (other
    than Block
    Grants)           11,160      183      9,440      179     20,600    240
  Other Federal Fund  36,268      460     76,957      530    113,225    647
  Subtotal            47,429      621     86,397      686    133,825    852

 State/Local Government
  State (includes
    ADAMHA Block
    Grants)          355,402    2,533    345,023    2,588    700,425  3,506
  Local (e.g., city,
    County            64,184    1,565    107,660    1,852    171,844  2,398
  Government Fees for
    Service           73,834      706     78,830      805    152,664    954
  Subtotal           493,420    3,180    531,513    3,386  1,024,933  4,355

 Other Public
  Public Welfare
    (e.g., Title XX,
    Food Stamps)      55,800      704     27,778      887     83,578  1,106
  Public Third-Party
    (e.g.,CHAMPUS,
    Medicaid)        139,224    1,284    145,746    1,368    284,970  1,694
  Subtotal           195,024    1,822    173,524    2,088    368,548  2,574

 Private
  Donation            27,576    1,128     26,906    1,274     54,482  1,605
  Private Third-
    Party (e.g.,
    Blue Cross/Blue
    Shield, HMO)     346,963    1,804    592,447    2,209    939,409  2,455
  Client Fees        157,185    3,158    236,531    3,727    393,716  4,510
  Subtotal           531,724    3,551    855,844    4,114  1,387,607  4,965

 Other                40,411      763     64,752      927    105,163  1,134

 Total             1,308,008    4,403  1,712,069    4,949  3,020,077  6,001
 --------------------------------------------------------------------------
 NOTE:
  As funding amounts have been rounded to the nearest thousand, values
  may not sum to totals.  The number of units reporting does not equal
  the total of units reporting separate funding sources because of units
  receiving funding from multiple sources.  In addition the number of
  units reporting in the total funds column does not equal the sum of
  the number reporting alcoholism and drug abuse funds because units may
  receive funds for both types of treatment.

 SOURCE:  NIDA and NIAAA, 1987 National Drug and Alcoholism Treatment Unit
          Survey.

 (Entered:  10/89)


 Funding for Alcoholism Treatment (in Thousands of Dollars), by State and
 Funding Source, and Number of Units Reporting Funding:  Fiscal Year
 Including October 30, 1987

 --------------------------------------------------------------------------
 State                State     Local   ADAMHA     Other    State/  Private
                    Govern-   Govern-            Federal    Local Donations
                       ment      ment                        Fees
 --------------------------------------------------------------------------
 Alabama             2,255        166      103        26        49      106
 Alaska              5,953      1,329        0     1,045       230      296
 Arizona             5,536      1,851      450     1,929     2,058      526
 Arkansas            1,712         17       36        60        64      187
 California         34,345     15,254       51    18,273     1,743    4,335
 Colorado            6,290      2,948        0        36     1,361      167
 Connecticut        10,619        142        0       364     1,365      329
 Delaware            1,327          7        0         4       620       30
 District
    of Columbia          0      1,782        0       100         0        0
 Florida            18,238      4,142    3,792       809       564    1,068

 Georgia            14,804        790      139       884       354        5
 Hawaii              1,032         23       17       351       245      253
 Idaho               1,318         26       88        12         1       45
 Illinois           21,913      2,340       54     1,915     1,874    1,687
 Indiana             4,122        423      168     3,013       454      246
 Iowa                9,815        725        6     3,741       373      383
 Kansas              1,896        813        4        71       205      138
 Kentucky            3,984        345      140       205     2,183      162
 Louisiana           5,158         40        0       283        97      261
 Maine               3,074         59       14       909       422      102

 Maryland           13,175      3,133      296     1,338       667      274
 Massachusetts      13,532        342      479     1,152     7,517      492
 Michigan            5,989      3,166        0     1,807     5,261    1,234
 Minnisota           2,593      3,681        0     3,695     7,480      657
 Mississippi         2,493        188      186       738       120       19
 Missouri            5,200        125      444     1,763     3,165      999
 Montana             2,458      1,423        0       459        50       23
 Nebraska            3,155        495      456     1,424       640      150
 Nevada              1,523        183       14       317       157      164
 New Hampshire       1,158         53        0       365     1,453       89

 New Jersey          2,909      7,033      185     2,624     1,416    1,181
 New Mexico          7,048        447       30     2,201       842       29
 New York           42,465     22,201       25     2,469    14,412      701
 North Carolina     10,928      4,178      448       521     1,062      745
 North Dakota        6,313         26        0        41       288      158
 Ohio                9,395      4,193      295     1,795     1,548    1,769
 Oklahoma            1,755          2      285     1,069     1,207      246
 Oregon              5,428      3,517       59     2,084       491      814
 Pennsylvania        5,307      5,987      231     1,245     6,689    2,175
 Rhode Island        3,335        122       22       152       483       11

 South Carolina      7,667      1,635        0     1,733        20      192
 South Dakota          630        668        0     1,082       216       61
 Tennessee           3,876        114      216     2,209       160      357
 Texas               7,014        883      389     2,401     1,352    1,361
 Utah                3,466      1,064       30       788       152       68
 Vermont             1,379         11        0        22       109       69
 Virginia            6,613      3,115      126     4,108       472      237
 Washington          4,220      1,016       90     1,063     2,499      654
 West Virginia       2,478         68        0        21       973      368
 Wisconsin           4,324      4,769       42     2,169     3,516      283
 Wyoming             1,068        155       32        63       151        3
 Puerto Rico         2,738        445        0         8         2    1,002

 Total             345,023    107,660    9,440    76,957    78,830   26,906

 --------------------------------------------------------------------------
 State          Public    Public   Private    Client   Other    Total     #
               Welfare     Third     Third      Fees                     of
                           Party     Party                            Units
 ---------------------------------------------------------------------------
 Alabama            85       722     3,993       816     747    9,065    37
 Alaska             34        16     1,100       534     629   11,166    29
 Arizona           214       777    13,552     3,820   1,259   31,972    69
 Arkansas        1,338       357     1,287       270   1,308    6,635    45
 California      4,967    20,414   252,014    82,302   1,750  435,448   856
 Colorado           29     2,067     6,953     6,082     796   26,731   127
 Connecticut     1,148     1,761     3,883     4,603     763   24,976    90
 Delaware            0         1         0     1,306     136    3,430    16
 District
   of Columbia       0         0        30        26       0    1,938     7
 Florida           221     3,532    11,511     6,137   1,009   51,023   156

 Georgia             0     1,620     5,645    13,839      26   38,106    43
 Hawaii            275         3        67       613     808    3,688    23
 Idaho               8        14       286       563      20    2,380    15
 Illinois          229     1,745    12,622     4,950     605   49,935   153
 Indiana         1,391     1,701     8,531     2,685   2,385   25,119    84
 Iowa              428     1,930     5,014       783     471   23,669    87
 Kansas             93       728     3,412     1,216     162    8,738    60
 Kentucky            7     1,795     2,621       990     593   13,023   111
 Louisiana          21     1,370     1,642     3,454      53   12,378    61
 Maine              49       399       686       848     371    6,932    32

 Maryland           50     6,583     2,842     5,313     806   34,478   116
 Massachusetts     290     2,637     5,068     3,967   2,769   38,245   140
 Michigan        1,456     3,508    15,022     4,373   3,366   45,182   178
 Minnesota       2,038     3,196    11,904     5,229   1,067   41,537   103
 Mississippi       452       249       676       620     205    5,945    67
 Missouri          107       689     4,433     1,346     389   18,661    82
 Montana             0       216     5,566     2,289     645   13,129    34
 Nebraska           40       201     2,759     5,726     680   15,728   105
 Nevada            101         8        75       409      71    3,021    32
 New Hampshire      67       454     4,374       384      18    8,416    35

 New Jersey        192       460    17,988     4,967   2,681   41,635   121
 New Mexico         15       610     1,288     1,755     544   14,809    42
 New York        5,657    45,725    39,952    18,712  10,523  202,841   324
 North Carolina    333       804     2,704     4,171   1,774   27,668    91
 North Dakota       38     1,397     4,505     1,989     251   15,005    28
 Ohio            2,713     7,832    32,989     6,119   2,939   71,587   214
 Oklahoma           37       640     1,240       878     270    7,628    40
 Oregon            231       425     3,462     4,210     655   21,375   123
 Pennsylvania      826    11,750    25,094     3,863     893   64,059   279
 Rhode Island      257     1,435    15,569     1,510     176   23,070    37

 South Carolina    120       799     2,908     2,851     666   18,589    46
 South Dakota       22        13       814       421      23    3,949    26
 Tennessee         103     1,382     3,035     1,251     156   12,859    49
 Texas              94     5,709    23,576     6,606  11,804   61,189   150
 Utah              168       181       918     1,755     503    9,093    34
 Vermont            25       202       331       281      32    2,461    19
 Virginia          787     1,475    10,548     3,167   3,813   34,461    66
 Washington        912     1,606     6,935     3,865   1,510   24,372    85
 West Virginia       6       487       599       377       0    5,378    17
 Wisconsin          66     4,071    10,033     2,055   1,547   32,875   123
 Wyoming            15        52       390       232      75    2,237    18
 Puerto Rico        25         0         0         5      12    4,237    24

 Total          27,778   145,746   592,447   236,531  64,752 1,712069 4,949
 --------------------------------------------------------------------------
 NOTE: As funding amounts are rounded to the nearest thousand, values shown
       may not sum to totals vertically (across States) or horizontally
       (across funding catergories).

 SOURCE:  NIDA and NIAAA, 1987 National Drug and Alcoholism Treatment Unit
          Survey.

 (Entered:  10/89)

 Glossary of Terms from the 1987 NDATUS Final Report

 The following glossary of terms may include some terms related to drugs
 other than alcohol, which are not included in the NDATUS data tables
 provided in Quick Facts.

 --------------------------------------------------------------------------
 ACTIVE CLIENT - An individual who:  (1) has been admitted to the treatment
 unit and for whom a treatment plan has been developed; (2) has been seen
 on a scheduled appointment basis at least once during October 1987; and
 (3) has not been discharged from treatment, i.e., continued care is
 expected to be given this client.  This is a general definition which may
 be adjusted to more appropriately reflect what constitutes an active
 client at the State level.

 ACTUAL CLIENTS IN TREATMENT - The actual number of active clients being
 treated in each type of care/modality and facility location/environment as
 of the point prevalence date of October 30, 1987.

 ADAMHA PROGRAM SUPPORT FUNDS - Funds received for alcohol or drug abuse
 treatment from NIAAA, NIDA, or NIMH through direct project grants or
 contracts (including services and services research).

 AFTERCARE/FOLLOWUP SERVICES - Provided after the cessation of routine
 treatment or recovery services provided by the unit.

 ALCOHOLISM HOSPITAL - An institution that provides 24-hour services for
 the diagnosis and treatment of alcoholic patients through an organized
 medical or professional staff and permanent facilities that include
 inpatient beds, medical and nursing services.  Clients residing in this
 type of hospital setting should be receiving services primarily for
 alcoholism and/or other drugs of abuse.

 AMERICAN INDIAN/ALASKAN NATIVE - A person having origins in any of the
 original peoples of North America.

 AVERSIVE TECHNIQUES - Behavioral approaches to the treatment of drug
 abusers or alcoholics that include the use of procedures which punish
 unwanted actions and behaviors.

 BLACK, NOT OF HISPANIC ORIGIN - A person having origins in any of the
 peoples of sub-Saharan Africa or Haiti who does not self-classify as
 Hispanic.

 CAPACITY OF TREATMENT - The maximum number of individuals who could be
 enrolled as active clients as of October 30, 1987 given the unit's
 staffing, funding, and physical facility at that time.  For residential
 and other 24-hour care units, treatment capacity is equal to the number of
 beds available at the unit.  For outpatient units, treatment capacity
 reflects the maximum active client case-load a unit could carry.  This
 maximum caseload would depend upon such factors as the percentage of staff
 hours devoted to direct client care, the average length of counseling
 sessions, and the frequency of client visits to the unit.

 CENTRAL INTAKE - Refers to the services performed by a unit whose function
 is to screen applicants to determine their suitability for treatment and
 to place or refer suitable applicants to an appropriate treatment modality
 or for other needed services.  Applicants are screened using one or more
 of the following diagnostic procedures assessing substance use/abuse
 dependency:  (1) medical examination; (2) psychological testing; (3)
 psychiatric examination; (4) urine testing; and/or (5) social history
 evaluation.

 CHILD CARE SERVICES - Services which provide care for minor children of
 active clients, including supervised activities.

 CLIENT FEES - Direct payment to the treatment unit from clients for
 services received.  May be apportioned on a sliding-scale based on client
 income.

 CLIENT/COUNSELOR RATIO - The proportion of clients to counselors in a
 unit.  This ratio is computed by dividing the number of clients by the
 number of counselors to derive the average active client caseload per
 counselor.

 COLLATERALS - Individuals affected by the drug abuse or alcoholism of a
 family member or friend.  Although services such as family counseling may
 be provided to collaterals, these individuals were not considered actual
 clients in the NDATUS survey.

 COMMUNITY MENTAL HEALTH CENTER (CMCH) - Includes five types of services
 which are provided in a comprehensive manner in order to provide a
 community service.  The five services provided by CMHC's are outpatient
 care, inpatient care, partial hospitalization, emergency care and
 consultation and education.

 CORRECTIONAL FACILITY - Includes adult or juvenile correctional
 institutions, reentry and diversion facilities, and prisons.

 CRISIS INTERVENTION SERVICES - Activities which provide information about
 the availability of services and/or provide services directly to a person
 on an outpatient basis when he/she is in a crisis situation.  A hotline
 could provide this service by referring a person for emergency care or to
 an appropriate treatment unit.

 CUSTODIAL/DOMICILIARY - Provision of food, shelter, and assistance in
 routine daily living on a long-term basis for persons with alcohol or
 other drug-related problems.

 DETOXIFICATION (DRUG) - The period of planned withdrawal from drug
 dependency supported by use of a prescribed medication.  If methadone is
 being used, detoxification cannot exceed 21 days.  When methadone
 detoxification exceeds 21 days, treatment modality becomes maintenance.

 DETOXIFICATION (MEDICAL) - The use of medication under the supervision of
 medical personnel to systematically reduce or eliminate the effects of
 alcohol in the body in a hospital or other 24-hour care facility.

 DETOXIFICATION (SOCIAL) - To systematically reduce or eliminate the
 effects of alcohol in the body on a drug-free basis, in a specialized
 nonmedical facility by trained personnel with physician services available
 when required.

 DRIVING WHILE INTOXICATED/ALCOHOL SAFETY ACTION PROGRAM (DWI/ASAP) - These
 programs are designed to educate or provide referral or treatment services
 to persons who are arrested for Driving While Intoxicated (DWI) or Driving
 Under the Influence (DUI).  In California, these offenses are known as
 first offender and multi-offender drinking driver programs.

 DRUG FREE - A treatment regimen that does not include any pharmacologic
 agent or medication as the primary part of the drug treatment including
 drug detoxification.  Temporary medication may be prescribed in a drug
 free modality, e.g., short-term use of tranquilizers or clonidine for
 opiate withdrawal, but the primary treatment method is counseling
 (individual, group, family, etc.), not pharmacotherapy.

 EARLY INTERVENTION SERVICES - These services are intended to encourage
 persons to seek early help for their alcohol and drug problems, provide
 crisis services, educate the helping professions to recognize persons with
 substance abuse problems and to offer appropriate services, and the like.

 EMPLOYEE ASSISTANCE PROGRAM (EAP) SERVICES - Services designed to assist
 employees in overcoming job performance problems.  The program provides or
 arranges services for employees or their collaterals, which can include
 diagnosis, referral, counseling, education, treatment or rehabilitation,
 etc.  The services can also include marketing of an employee assistance
 program.

 ENVIRONMENT - The physical setting and circumstances in which the drug
 abuse or alcoholism client receives treatment.

 FACILITY LOCATION - The place at which a particular type of care is
 administered.

 FAMILY COUNSELING/THERAPY SERVICES - Services which are provided during
 the same session to members of a family/collateral group.

 FUNDING SOURCE - Includes all sources of operating funds for a treatment
 unit in effect during a 12-month time span which includes the survey date
 of October 30, 1987.

 GENERAL HOSPITAL, INCLUDING VETERAN'S ADMINISTRATION (VA) HOSPITALS -
 Nonspecialized acute care hospitals where the average length of stay for a
 patient is usually less than 30 days.  A VA hospital is a hospital which
 operates under the auspices of the Veteran's Administration.

 GROUP COUNSELING/THERAPY SERVICES - Services which are provided to a group
 of clients by unit staff members.  This would include but not be limited
 to psychotherapy, insight therapy, reality therapy, transactional
 analysis, and the various types of expressive groups.

 HALFWAY HOUSE/RECOVERY HOME - A community-based, peer group oriented,
 residential facility that provides food, shelter, and supportive services
 (including vocational, recreational, social services) in a supportive non-
 drug use, non-drinking environment for the ambulatory and mentally
 competent recovering substance abuser who may be reentering the work
 force.  It also provides or arranges for provision of appropriate
 treatment services.  The recovery home concept is used mainly in
 California.

 HISPANIC - A person of Cuban, Mexican, Puerto Rican, and all other Spanish
 cultures and origins, regardless of race (includes Central and South
 America and Spain).

 HOSPITAL INPATIENT - An institution that provides 24-hour services for the
 diagnosis and treatment of patients through an organized medical or
 professional staff and permanent licensed medical/psychiatric facilities
 that include inpatient beds, medical, and nursing services.  Patients
 residing in hospital settings should be receiving services primarily for
 alcoholism and/or other drugs of abuse.

 HOTLINE - A telephone service that provides information and referral and
 immediate counseling, frequently in a crisis situation.

 IMPAIRED HEALTH PROFESSIONAL - Services designed and directed to
 professional individuals in the health care field whose performance is
 negatively affected by abuse of drugs or alcohol.  These individuals may
 include physicians, nurses, psychologists, social workers, etc.

 INDIVIDUAL COUNSELING/THERAPY SERVICES - Services which are provided to a
 client on a one-to-one basis by a unit staff member.

 LOCAL GOVERNMENT FUNDS - Provided by local government (city, county, etc.)
 to provide drug abuse or alcoholism treatment services on a program or
 unit level.

 MAINTENANCE - The continued administering of methadone and other approved
 pharmacological adjuncts at relatively stable dosage levels as an oral
 substitute for opiates among opiate dependent clients.  Maintenance may be
 provided in conjunction with appropriate social and medical services.
 This category also includes those clients who are being withdrawn from
 maintenance treatment.

 MENTAL/PSYCHIATRIC HOSPITAL - A medical facility which offers short-term
 intensive inpatient treatment and prolonged inpatient treatment to persons
 suffering from a variety of mental or psychiatric disorders, including
 alcohol and drug-related disorders.  Such facilities can be public or
 private.

 METHADONE TREATMENT - Refers to methadone maintenance or detoxification.
 Methadone maintenance is the continued administering of methadone, in
 conjunction with provision of appropriate social and medical services, at
 relatively stable dosage levels for 21 days or more.  Methadone is used as
 an oral substitute for opiates during the rehabilitative phase of
 treatment.  This category also includes those clients who are being
 withdrawn from maintenance treatment.

 MODALITY - The primary treatment approach or regimen assigned to the
 client by the treatment unit staff.  Modalities are differentiated by the
 type and extent of therapy and services administered to the client.

 NON-HOSPITAL - A facility that is not physically located in a hospital
 that a person would enter only to receive drug abuse or alcoholism
 services, such as a community center, storefront, etc.

 OTHER FEDERAL FUNDS - Funds made available to the States or treatment
 units from any Federal agency, e.g., Federal Prison System, Veterans
 Administration, Bureau of Community Health Services, Indian Health
 Service, etc.  This designation is to be used when ADAMHA Block Grant or
 ADAMHA Program Support funding categories are not appropriate.

 OTHER RESIDENTIAL FACILITY - A live-in setting where nonmedical
 rehabilitative drug abuse and/or alcoholism services are available to
 residents in locations such as foster homes, group homes, or boarding
 houses.  This designation is to be used when the other residential
 facilities listed for Item C, Unit's Location on the first page of the
 NDATUS form are not appropriate.  (See Appendix B.)

 OTHER SPECIALIZED HOSPITAL - Includes hospitals that emphasize the
 diagnosis and treatment of particular disorders, e.g., psychiatric,
 children, epilepsy, maternity, orthopedics, etc.  This designation is to
 be used when the other hospitals listed for Item C, Unit's Location on the
 first page of the NDATUS form are not appropriate.  (See Appendix B.)

 OUTPATIENT - Treatment/recovery/aftercare, or rehabilitation services
 provided by a unit where the client does not reside in a treatment
 facility.  The client receives drug abuse or alcoholism treatment services
 with or without medication, including counseling and supportive services.
 Daycare is included in this category.  This is also known as
 non-residential services in the alcoholism field.

 OUTPATIENT FACILITY - An establishment or a distinct part of an
 establishment, which is primarily engaged in providing drug abuse or
 alcoholism services for persons who reside elsewhere.  This term is
 included on page 1 in Item C, Unit's Location and on the drug matrix on
 Page 2 as an environment.

 OUTREACH SERVICES - Outreach activities involve efforts in the community
 for early case-finding and early intervention services to drug and alcohol
 abusers.  These services would also include efforts to educate various
 groups about drug and alcohol abuse.

 OWNERSHIP - Is the type of organization legally responsible for the
 operation of the unit.  The four categories include:  (1) For Profit which
 includes individual, partnership or corporation; (2) Nonprofit which
 includes church related, nonprofit corporation or other nonprofit; (3)
 State/Local Government which includes State, county, city and city/county
 governments, hospital district, and other substate governments; and (4)
 Federal Government which includes the U.S. Public Health Service, Armed
 Forces, Veterans Administration, Federal Prison System, or any other
 Federal agency.

 PHYSICAL EXAMINATION SERVICES - A medical examination by (or supervised
 by) a physician or other health professional to determine the status of an
 individual's health.

 PREVENTION/EDUCATION - Those activities that are intended to reduce or
 minimize the incidence of new drug abuse or alcoholism problems and the
 negative consequences of the use of alcohol and/or licit or illicit drugs.
 Available services may vary widely but are generally associated with
 information, education, alternatives, and primary and early intervention
 activities, and may also encompass services such as literature
 distribution, media campaigns, clearinghouse activities, speaker's bureau,
 and school or peer group situations.  These services may be directed at
 any segment of the population.

 PRIVATE DONATION FUNDS - Contributions from foundation grants, cash
 donations, cash value of donated goods, and contributions from United Way
 and other charitable institutions.

 PRIVATE THIRD-PARTY FUNDS - This category includes payments from Blue
 Cross and Blue Shield Plans, other commercial insurance companies, and
 independent plans.  Independent plans include employer- or
 employee-sponsored programs, health maintenance organizations, and private
 group clinics.

 PUBLIC INEBRIATES - Individuals who are habitually intoxicated in public
 places.

 PUBLIC THIRD-PARTY FUNDS - Benefits paid through Title XVIII (Medicare),
 XIX (Medicaid), or XVI (Supplemental Security Income, SSI).  This category
 includes the Civilian Health and Medical Program of the Uniformed Services
 (CHAMPUS) and the Civilian Health and Medical Program of the Veterans'
 Administration (CHAMP-VA).

 PUBLIC WELFARE - Medical or social service benefits or payments made
 available through local general assistance or general relief programs,
 including food stamps.

 RECOVERY - A process to develop and sustain an abstinent lifestyle within
 a helping context of mutual aid from drug free peers and adherence to
 principles of behavior that promote sobriety.

 REHABILITATION/RECOVERY - An approach which provides a planned program of
 professionally directed evaluation, care, and treatment for the
 restoration of functioning for persons impaired by drug abuse or
 alcoholism.  In some States, this type of care is referred to as treatment
 or recovery (excluding detoxification).

 RESEARCH SERVICES - Activities performed by unit staff to systematically
 collect and/or analyze empirical data based on the scientific model of
 developing knowledge.

 RESIDENTIAL - Assessment, diagnosis, care, and treatment to clients who
 reside in a nonmedical treatment facility (other than a prison or
 hospital) that provides residential support, ambulatory care during the
 treatment and rehabilitation process including counseling, group therapy
 and other health-related services.  Residential facilities include
 quarterway house, halfway house/recovery homes, group homes and
 therapeutic communities.

 SELF-HELP GROUP SERVICES - Independent support groups or fellowships
 organized by and for drug abusers, alcoholics or their collaterals to help
 members achieve and maintain abstinence from and/or cope with the effects
 of licit or illicit drugs and alcohol.  Examples are Alcoholics Anonymous,
 Narcotics Anonymous, Women for Sobriety, Al Anon or other
 non-professionally led groups such as Al Anon-Adult Children of
 Alcoholics.

 SPECIALIZED PROGRAM - Programs designed to treat a special population
 group and staffed with professionals trained in caring for members of the
 designated group.  See Item F on page 1 of the NDATUS form in Appendix B
 for a listing of these special population groups.

 STATE GOVERNMENT FUNDS (INCLUDING ADAMHA BLOCK GRANT FUNDS) - Funds
 provided by State legislation to provide treatment services on a program
 or unit level.  Include funds received by your unit through the State
 under the Alcohol, Drug Abuse and Mental Health Services Block Grants,
 Title XIX, Part B of the Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act of 1981 (P.L.
 97-35), and the Anti-Drug Abuse Act of 1986 (P.L. 99-570) which are
 directed at the goals of reducing or preventing drug and alcoholism
 dependency, rehabilitating individuals and families, providing for
 community-based care, and securing referral or admission for institutional
 care when other forms of care are not appropriate.

 STATE/LOCAL GOVERNMENT FEES FOR SERVICE - State or local monies paid to
 programs or units as reimbursement for services provided to clients.

 TEEN SUICIDE PREVENTION SERVICES - Services for youth, family members, and
 peers designed to educate, prevent, or intervene in teen suicidal
 behavior.

 TRANSPORTATION SERVICES - A service designed to provide a client with the
 means to travel or to move from place to place by auto or bus or other
 conveyance.

 TREATMENT (NOT METHADONE) - Formal organized services for persons who have
 abused alcohol and/or other drugs.  These services are designed to alter
 specific physical, mental, or social functions of persons receiving care
 by reducing client disability or discomfort, and ameliorate the signs or
 symptoms caused by alcohol and/or drug abuse.  For purposes of this
 survey, detoxification services are considered to be a treatment.  This is
 also referred to as recovery services in some States.

 TREATMENT UNIT - A facility having:  (1) a formal structured arrangement
 for alcohol or drug abuse treatment or recovery using alcohol or drug-
 specified personnel; and (2) a designated portion of the facility (or
 resources) for treatment services; and (3) an allocated budget for such
 treatment services.  A treatment unit must directly provide services to
 clients at the facility's location.  The unit usually offers some form of
 initial evaluation or diagnosis of its clients and, thereafter, may
 include a wide range of different services, such as counseling, job
 placement, or other rehabilitation services.  This is also referred to as
 a recovery unit in some States.

 TYPE OF CARE - The primary treatment approach or regimen assigned to the
 client by the treatment unit staff.  Types of care as shown on the drug
 and alcohol matrices on pages 2 and 3 of the form are differentiated by
 the type and extent of therapy and services administered to the client.
 (See Appendix B.)

 UNDUPLICATED ANNUAL CLIENT COUNT - The number of different clients a unit
 served in the 12-month period ending October 30, 1987.  This number is
 unduplicated only within units.  As clients could be treated at more than
 one unit reporting to NDATUS at some time during the 12-month reference
 period, tabulations of the unduplicated annual count may in fact include
 some multiple counting.

 UNIT'S LOCATION - The type of facilities listed in Item C on Page 1 of the
 NDATUS form in which the unit is located.  (See Appendix B.)

 WHITE, NOT OF HISPANIC ORIGIN - A Caucasian person having origins in any
 of the people of Europe (includes Portugal), North Africa, or the Middle
 East.
1TREATMENT DATA - NAT'L DRUG/ALCOHOLISM TREATMENT UNIT SURVEY (NDA89)
2Highlights from the 1989 NDATUS (text of report)

 (The tables referred to in this document can be found in Quick Facts files
 NDATUS89-1 through NDATUS89-13)

 Background Information

 This report presents highlights of the findings of the 1989 National Drug
 and Alcoholism Treatment Unit Survey (NDATUS) based on data collected as of
 the point-prevalence date of September 30, 1989.  NDATUS is a voluntary
 survey which is designed to be a census of all known drug abuse and
 alcoholism treatment facilities in the United States.  Begun by the National
 Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA), NDATUS has been conducted periodically since
 1974.  Since 1979 the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism
 (NIAAA) has joined NIDA in sponsoring the survey.

 The purpose of NDATUS is to identify all drug abuse and alcoholism treatment
 and prevention facilities throughout the nation and to collect information
 regarding their scope, utilization, and other characteristics.  Facilities
 in both the public and private sectors are included, regardless of source of
 funding support.  Unit identification and descriptive information such as
 ownership and specialized programs are collected from both treatment and
 non-treatment facilities.  From treatment units, NDATUS also collects data
 about the types of services provided, client capacity and census on the
 point-prevalence date, client demographic characteristics, funding amounts
 and sources, and staffing.

 The data are collected in cooperation with the State Alcohol and Drug Abuse
 Agencies, which assist in identifying programs to be surveyed, distributing
 forms to individual facilities, collecting forms and answering respondents'
 questions, checking and editing data, and sending completed questionnaires
 to NIDA.

 As in 1987, the 1989 NDATUS accepted the States' identification numbers and
 their definition of what constitutes a facility for reporting purposes.
 (Previous surveys had required that facilities be identified by a unique
 Government-issued ID number, and data were reported at the clinic level.)
 In some cases multiple-site facilities were reported as a single unit
 (representing the parent organization), whereas in other cases each site
 was reported as a separate facility.  Although this variation may affect
 the number of facilities, it has no effect on the total number of clients.

 Following a brief section on the total number of facilities reporting,
 including both treatment and prevention units, the remainder of the report
 is restricted to data on facilities providing treatment services.  Topics
 addressed include numbers of clients in treatment, budgeted capacity and
 utilization rates, numbers of clients by facility location/environment
 and type of treatment, client demographic characteristics, facility counts
 and client census by facility location, financial support for treatment
 services by funding source, facility ownership, IV drug users in treatment,
 number of clients in the 12 months ending with the point-prevalence date,
 numbers of facilities and client census by State, and staffing.  More
 comprehensive information will be provided in the MAIN FINDINGS REPORT to
 be published later this year.

 Some of the tables in this report show total alcohol clients (from alcohol-
 only and combined alcohol and drug facilities), total drug clients (from
 drug-only and combined facilities), and total clients of both types (from
 all facilities).  Where these tables also show the numbers of facilities
 reporting, readers should note that combined drug and alcohol facilities
 are counted in both the drug and alcohol columns but are included only
 once in the total facility count.

 In most cases, tabulations of treatment data are based on facilities which
 reported either budgeted client capacity or actual clients on the point-
 prevalence date.  However, tables showing utilization rates are based on
 data from facilities which reported budgeted capacity; these tables
 exclude a few facilities which reported actual clients but no budgeted
 capacity.

 It also should be noted that data for individual items are sometimes
 missing.  In the tables in this report, the total numbers of clients,
 facilities, etc. vary because of the exclusion of observations for which
 particular items were not reported.


 Number of Facilities Reporting

 Data on the number of facilities reporting to NDATUS are shown in Table 1.
 It should be noted that Table 1 is the only data display in which non-
 treatment facilities are included.  Key findings include the following:

 - A total of 9,608 facilities reported to the 1989 NDATUS Survey.
 - Of this total:
  - 7,759 of these facilities provided treatment services,
  - 5,796 of these facilities provided prevention and education regarding
    drug and alcohol abuse, and
  - 3,633 of these facilities provided central intake and other types of
    services.


 Treatment Facilities and Clients in Treatment

 Data on the total numbers of clients in treatment are shown in Table 2.
 Key findings include the following:

 - Alcoholism treatment was provided by a total of 6,493 facilities
   (including alcohol-only and combined facilities).
 - Drug treatment was provided by a total of 6,287 facilities (including
   drug-only and combined facilities).
 - A total of 734,955 clients were in treatment at these facilities on the
   point-prevalence date of September 30, 1989.  Of this total:
  - 383,525 were alcoholism clients and
  - 351,430 were drug abuse clients.
 - Although there were fewer drug-only facilities than alcohol-only
   facilities (1,266 versus 1,472), the drug-only facilities were
   generally larger and reported more clients in treatment (178,651
   versus 131,555).


 Budgeted Capacity and Utilization Rate

 Data on budgeted capacity and utilization rate are shown in Table 3.
 Key findings include the following:

 - Overall, 79.6 percent of all reported treatment capacity was being
   utilized.
 - Disaggregated by client type:
  - The utilization rate for drug clients was 79.4 percent.
  - The utilization rate for alcohol clients was 79.7 percent.
 - The utilization rate was the highest in drug-only units (90.1 percent);
   it was the lowest for drug capacity in combined units (70.8 percent).


 Type of Care and Environment/Facility Location

 Data on alcohol clients, by facility location and type of care,
 are shown in Table 4.  Key findings include the following:

 - The vast majority of alcohol clients (86.9 percent) received
   outpatient/nonresidential care.
 - Only 13.1 percent received inpatient/residential care.  Of these 50,367
   alcohol clients:
  - Almost three quarters (71.4 percent) were in rehabilitation/recovery,
  - One eighth (13.1 percent) were in medical detoxification, and
  - Less than 10 percent were served by each other type of care.
 - Care was provided in hospitals for 11.3 percent of all alcohol clients
   and for 36.9 percent of alcohol clients receiving inpatient/residential
   care.

 Data on drug clients, by modality and treatment environment,
 are shown in Table 5.  Key findings include the following:

 - The treatment environment of the 351,430 drug abuse clients was:
  - A hospital/inpatient environment for 3.8 percent of drug abuse clients,
  - A residential environment for 11.6 percent of drug abuse clients, and
  - An outpatient environment for 84.6 percent of drug abuse clients.
 - The modality of treatment for the drug abuse clients was:
  - Detoxification for 4.4 percent of all drug abuse clients,
  - Maintenance for 27.1 percent of all drug abuse clients, and
  - Drug-free treatment for 68.6 percent of all drug abuse clients.


 Treatment Client Demographic Characteristics

 Data on client sex, race/ethnicity, and age are shown in Table 6.
 Key findings include the following:

 - Females accounted for 29.6 percent of all clients.  The proportion of
   women was somewhat higher among drug clients (34.2 percent) than among
   alcohol clients (25.4 percent).
 - Overall, five eighths (62.6 percent) of all clients were white, 20.6
   percent were Black, and 13.8 percent were Hispanic.  Black and Hispanic
   clients accounted for 44.0 percent of the drug abuse clients, compared
   to only 25.8 percent of the alcoholism clients.
 - Drug abuse clients were more heavily concentrated than alcoholism clients
   among the client population under 18 years of age (14.7 percent of drug
   clients versus 6.2 percent of alcohol clients).  Alcoholism clients were
   more heavily concentrated than drug clients among the client population
   45 years of age and older (17.2 percent of alcoholism clients versus
   8.7 percent of drug clients).


 Facility Location

 Data on facility location are shown in Table 7.
 Key findings include the following:

 - Almost two fifths (39.2 percent) of treatment units are located in
   outpatient facilities, but these treat over half (51.2 percent) of all
   drug abuse and alcoholism clients.
 - Hospitals are the next most numerous location for treatment units (17.6
   percent), but these treat a far smaller proportion of clients (12.3
   percent).
 - Halfway/Recovery House and Other Residential Facility locations are also
   relatively numerous (23.2 percent of facilities in both categories
   combined), but these resource-intensive locations treat fewer than one
   client in ten (9.4 percent).


 Financial Support for Treatment Services

 Data on financial support for drug and alcohol services for the facilities'
 fiscal years that included September 30, 1989, are included in Table 8.
 These figures are  based on 6,709 facilities that reported funding data.
 They may be low, because some facilities are thought not to have reported
 all of their funding.  Key findings include the following:

 - Treatment facilities reported $3.99 billion in total funding.  Of this
   total funding:
  - $1.72 billion was funding for alcohol treatment,
  - $1.73 billion was funding for drug treatment, and
  - $540 million was funding for combined units that was not allocated by
    type of treatment.
 - Private third-party payers, such as Blue Cross/Blue Shield and HMOs,
   provided the largest share of financial support for overall treatment
   services (31.0 percent), drug treatment (29.3 percent), and alcohol
   treatment (31.9 percent).
 - State government funding, which included ADAMHA Block Grants, was the
   next most important source of financial support.  This source provided
   24.1 percent of all treatment funds, 25.3 percent of drug treatment
   funds, and 24.1 percent of alcohol treatment funds.
 - Fees paid by clients accounted for 12.0 percent of funding.


 Ownership of Treatment Facilities

 Data on ownership of treatment facilities are shown in Table 9.
 Key findings include the following:

 - Of the 7,759 treatment facilities that reported to NDATUS, 64.8 percent
   were privately owned, nonprofit facilities.  These facilities also
   treated the majority of all clients on the point-prevalence date,
   accounting for 60.0 percent of all clients, 59.1 percent of alcohol
   clients, and 61.0 percent of drug clients.
 - The 16.2 percent of facilities owned by State and Local governments
   accounted for a disproportionately large share of clients.  These
   facilities treated 23.8 percent of all clients, 22.6 percent of alcohol
   clients, and 25.0 percent of drug clients.  The average number of
   clients per unit for these facilities was 47 percent higher than the
   average for all facilities.


 Clients Who Were IV Drug Users When They Started Treatment

 Commensurate with present concerns regarding the spread of AIDS, treatment
 facilities were asked to report the percentage of their drug and alcohol
 clients who were intravenous drug users (IVDUs) at the time they started
 treatment.  This item is relevant for data reported in the alcohol section
 (as well as the drug section) because of alcohol clients with secondary
 drug problems.  By applying these percentages to the total numbers of drug
 and alcohol clients reported as of the point-prevalence date, we arrived at
 estimates of the total numbers of IVDUs.  These estimates are shown in
 Table 10.  Key findings include the following:

 - A total of 129,985 clients were reported to have been IVDUs at the time
   they entered treatment.  This represents 25.7 percent of the total
   clients reported by facilities reporting IVDU data.
 - Among drug clients, 112,257 clients (41.1 percent of all drug clients in
   facilities reporting IVDU data) were reported to have been IVDUs.
 - Among alcohol clients, 17,728 clients (7.6 percent of all alcohol clients
   in facilities reporting IVDU data) were reported to have been IVDUs.


 Number of Clients Treated in the Past 12 Months

 NDATUS has historically collected client census information only for a
 particular point-prevalence date.  Starting with the 1987 NDATUS, however,
 questions regarding the unduplicated counts of drug and alcohol clients
 treated in the 12-month period ending September 30, 1989, have been added.
 Data on this variable are shown in Table 11.  Key findings include
 the following:

 - A 12-month total of 1,450,252 alcoholism clients, treated at 5,300
   facilities, was reported to NDATUS.
 - A 12-month total of 995,994 drug abuse clients, treated at 5,024
   facilities, was reported to NDATUS.


 Staffing

 Data on staffing are shown in Table 12.  Key findings include the following:

 - Direct care staff make up 73.3 percent of the total paid staff time, in
   full-time equivalents (FTEs); administration and support staff account
   for the other 26.7 percent of FTEs.
 - Medical staff provide 24.3 percent of the FTEs of paid direct care staff.
   Counseling staff, including psychologists, social workers, credentialed
   counselors, and other counselors, provide 60.1 percent of the FTEs of
   paid direct care staff.  Credentialed counselors alone provide 28.0
   percent of the paid direct care staff FTEs.
 - Volunteers provide staffing equivalent to 6.8 percent of paid direct
   care FTEs and 9.4 percent of paid support staff FTEs.
 - Part-time staff account for 13.4 percent of paid direct care FTEs and
   29.6 percent of paid direct care staff persons. Part-time staffing is
   highest for physicians (36.3 percent of FTEs).


 Data by State

 State-level data on treatment facilities and clients in treatment on the
 point-prevalence date of September 30, 1989 are shown in Table 13.
 Key findings are as follows:

 - New York and California together accounted for almost one-third (31.8
   percent) of all clients in treatment at the 7,759 reporting facilities.
 - The highest proportions of drug clients were found in the District of
   Columbia (74.6 percent of all clients), Texas (69.0 percent), and New
   York (67.7 percent).
 - The highest proportions of alcoholism clients were found in South Dakota
   (88.3 percent of all clients), West Virginia (84.2 percent), Alaska (79.1
   percent), North Dakota (75.2 percent), Nebraska (74.6 percent), and South
   Carolina (74.4 percent).SOURCE:  NIDA and NIAAA, 1989 National Drug and
   Alcoholism Treatment Unit Survey.

 (Entered: 12/90)


 Total Number of Facilities Reporting to NDATUS by Facility Function and
 Facility Orientation: September 30, 1989

 ----------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                     Combined
 Facility                 Alcohol-       Drug-        Alcohol         Total
 Function                  Only          Only         and Drug     Facilities
                         Facilities    Facilities   Facilities
 ----------------------------------------------------------------------------
 Treatment                 1,472         1,266         5,021         7,759
 Prevention/Education        960           674         4,162         5,796
 Other                       609           472         2,552         3,633

 Number of Facilities      1,782         1,449         6,377         9,608
 ----------------------------------------------------------------------------
 NOTE:  As facilities may report more than one function, columns do not sum
        to the total number of facilities.
 SOURCE:  NIDA and NIAAA, 1989 National Drug and Alcoholism Treatment Unit
          Survey.

 (Entered: 12/90)


 Total Number of Clients in Treatment According to Facility Orientation
 and Client Type: September 30, 1989

 ----------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                     Combined
                          Alcohol-       Drug-        Alcohol         All
                           Only          Only         and Drug     Facilities
                         Facilities    Facilities   Facilities
 ----------------------------------------------------------------------------
 Alcoholism Clients      131,555             0       251,970       383,525
 Drug Abuse Clients            0       178,651       172,779       351,430

   Total Clients         131,555       178,651       424,749       734,955

 Number of Facilities      1,472         1,266         5,021         7,759
 ----------------------------------------------------------------------------
 SOURCE:  NIDA and NIAAA, 1989 National Drug and Alcoholism Treatment Unit
          Survey.

 (Entered: 12/90)

 Number of Treatment Facilities, Number of Clients in Treatment,
 Budgeted Capacity, and Utilization Rate by Type of Client and Facility
 Orientation: September 30, 1989

 ----------------------------------------------------------------------------
 Type of Client/          Number of    Number of      Budgeted    Utilization
 Facility Orientation    Facilities     Clients *     Capacity *      Rate *
 ----------------------------------------------------------------------------
 Total                     7,642       718,966       903,250          79.6

 Alcoholism Clients in
  Alcoholism-Only Fac.    1,455       128,732       155,402          82.8
  Combined Facilities     4,919       245,705       314,201          78.2

  Total Alc. Clients      6,374       374,437       469,603          79.7

 Drug Abuse Clients in
  Drug-Only Facilities    1,247       175,513       194,834          90.1
  Combined Facilities     4,923       169,016       238,813          70.8

  Total Drug Abuse Clnts. 6,170       344,529       433,647          79.4

 Unduplicated Count of     4,940       414,721       553,014          75.0
 Combined Facilities,
 Both Types of Client
 ----------------------------------------------------------------------------
 *  Excludes data from facilities which did not report budgeted capacity
    for drug or alcohol clients.  The total number of clients may not equal
    the sum across drug and alcohol clients because the total includes data
    from combined facilities, which reported capacity for one type of client
    but not the other.  Data on budgeted capacity are complete as reported.

 SOURCE:  NIDA and NIAAA, 1989 National Drug and Alcoholism Treatment Unit
          Survey.

 (Entered: 12/90)


 Number of Alcoholism Clients in Treatment by Type of Care and Facility
 Location: September 30, 1989

 ----------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                           Facility Location
                                      ---------------------------
 Type of Care                           Hospital     Nonhospital      Total
                                       Inpatient
 ----------------------------------------------------------------------------
 Inpatient Residential
  Medical Detoxification                 4,777         1,829         6,606
  Social Detoxification                    742         2,478         3,220
  Rehabilitation/Recovery               12,361        23,578        35,939
  Custodial/Domiciliary                    707         3,895         4,602

  Subtotal Inpatient/Residential        18,587        31,780        50,367

 Outpatient/Nonresidential               24,594       308,564       333,158

 Total Inpatients and Outpatients        43,181       340,344       383,525
 ----------------------------------------------------------------------------
 SOURCE:  NIDA and NIAAA, 1989 National Drug and Alcoholism Treatment Unit
          Survey.

 (Entered: 12/90)


 Estimated Number and Percent of IV Drug Users in Treatment by Unit
 Orientation:  October 30, 1987

 ------------------------------------------------------------------------
 Orientation          Number of        Total      Number of    Percent of
                          Units      Clients       IV Users      IV Users
 ------------------------------------------------------------------------
 Alcohol Only Units       1,708      136,917          5,914           4.3
 Drug Only Units          1,075      144,446         84,788          58.7
 Combined Units           4,083      332,760         34,536          10.4
 Total                    6,866      614,123        125,238          20.4
 ------------------------------------------------------------------------

 NOTE:  The 6,866 units shown in this table include 2,712 units for which the
        percentage of IV drug users was zero or missing.  Therefore, the
        numbers and percentages of IV drug users shown here are
        underestimates.

 SOURCE:  NIDA and NIAAA, 1987 National Drug and Alcoholism Treatment Unit
          Survey.

 (Entered 10/89)


 Percent Distribution of Treatment Clients by Sex, Race/Ethnicity, and
 Age: September 30, 1989

 ----------------------------------------------------------------------------
 Sex, Race/Ethnicity,                   Alcohol         Drug           All
 and Age                                Clients        Clients       Clients
 ----------------------------------------------------------------------------
 Male                                   274,544       219,551       494,095
 Female                                  93,258       114,252       207,510

   Number of Clients *                  367,802       333,803       701,605

 White                                  252,238       172,275       424,513
 Black                                   54,807        84,895       139,702
 Hispanic                                37,654        56,105        93,759
 Other Race/Ethnicity                    13,554         7,131        20,685

   Number of Clients *                  358,253       320,406       678,659

 Under 18 years                          21,980        47,432        69,412
 18-20 years                             24,022        21,384        45,406
 21-24 years                             47,591        40,335        87,927
 25-34 years                            116,180       109,172       225,352
 35-44 years                             84,331        76,601       160,932
 45-54 years                             38,931        20,925        59,856
 55-64 years                             16,545         5,790        22,335
 65 years and over                        5,690         1,444         7,134

   Number of Clients *                  355,270       323,083       678,353
 ----------------------------------------------------------------------------
 *  Excludes clients for whom sex, race/ethnicity, or age was not known or
    not reported.

 SOURCE:  NIDA and NIAAA, 1989 National Drug and Alcoholism Treatment Unit
          Survey.

 (Entered: 12/90)


 Number of Treatment Facilities and Number of Clients by Facility
 Location: September 30, 1989

 ------------------------------------------------------------------------
 Facility Location                  Alcohol         Drug          All ***
                                   Facilities    Facilities    Facilities
 ------------------------------------------------------------------------
 CMHC *                                 906           874           978
 Hospital **                          1,261         1,165         1,369
 Correctional Facility                   83           107           116
 Halfway/Recovery House                 707           452           746
 Other Residential Facility             794           867         1,053
 Outpatient Facility                  2,414         2,453         3,045
 Other                                  328           369           452

 Total                                6,493         6,287         7,759
 ------------------------------------------------------------------------
 Facility Location                  Alcohol         Drug           All
                                    Clients       Clients       Clients
 ------------------------------------------------------------------------
 CMHC *                              70,723        39,663       110,386
 Hospital **                         46,877        43,863        90,740
 Correctional Facility                3,658        10,538        14,196
 Halfway/Recovery House              11,936         6,370        18,306
 Other Residential Facility          20,579        30,492        51,089
 Outpatient Facility                202,689       173,886       376,575
 Other                               27,045        46,618        73,663

 Total                              383,525       351,430       734,955
 ------------------------------------------------------------------------
 *  Community Mental Health Center

 **  Includes general hospitals (including VA), alcoholism hospitals,
     mental/psychiatric hospitals, and other specialized hospitals.

 ***  The number of facilities shown in this column is less than the sum of
      facilities shown in the alcohol and drug columns because facilities
      providing combined drug and alcohol treatment are counted only once.

 SOURCE:  NIDA and NIAAA, 1989 National Drug and Alcoholism Treatment Unit
          Survey.

 (Entered: 12/90)

 Financial Support for Services:  Fiscal Year Including Sept.'89

 Total Financial Support for Alcohol and Drug Abuse Treatment Services
 by Funding Source and Number of Facilities Reporting Receiving Funds
 From Each Source:  Fiscal Year Including September 1989

 ----------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                           Funds (in thousands of dollars)
                                        -----------------------------------
 Funding Source                         Alcohol         Drug            All
 ----------------------------------------------------------------------------
 State Government                       415,101       436,738       959,324
   (includes ADAMHA Block Grant)
 Local Government                       112,759        91,418       237,452
   (e.g., city, county)
 Federal Funds                           83,251        53,230       149,387
 State/Local Government                  80,016        72,886       171,582
 Fees for Service
 Private Donations                       26,679        32,651        69,051
 Public Welfare                          26,475        63,841        93,764
   (e.g., Title XX, Food Stamps)
 Public Third Party                     145,435       182,414       391,709
   (e.g., CHAMPUS, Medicaid)
 Private Third Party                    549,025       505,398     1,235,847
   (e.g., Blue Cross/Blue Shield, HMO)
 Client Fees                            227,314       193,535       480,218
 Other                                   53,713        93,962       200,281

 Total                                1,719,768     1,726,074     3,988,616
 ----------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                            Facilities Reporting Funding
                                        -----------------------------------
 Funding Source                         Alcohol         Drug            All
 ----------------------------------------------------------------------------
 State Government                         2,409         2,415         3,695
   (includes ADAMHA Block Grant)
 Local Government                         1,558         1,475         2,395
   (e.g., city, county)
 Federal Funds                              684           679         1,037
 State/Local Government                     900           861         1,255
 Fees for Service
 Private Donations                        1,215         1,165         1,807
 Public Welfare                             830           734         1,199
   (e.g., Title XX, Food Stamps)
 Public Third Party                       1,435         1,374         2,060
   (e.g., CHAMPUS, Medicaid)
 Private Third Party                      2,337         2,059         3,009
   (e.g., Blue Cross/Blue Shield, HMO)
 Client Fees                              3,728         3,378         5,132
 Other                                    1,106           983         1,646

 Total                                    4,746         4,429         6,709
 ----------------------------------------------------------------------------
 NOTE:  Amounts in funding source categories may not sum to total because
        of rounding.  The number of facilities reporting does not equal the
        total of facilities reporting separate funding sources, because of
        facilities receiving funding from multiple sources.  The number of
        facilities reporting in the total funds column does not equal the
        sum of the number reporting alcoholism and drug abuse funds because
        facilities may receive funds for both types of treatment.  Total
        funds exceeds the sum of alcohol funds and drug funds because some
        combined units did not disaggregate reported funds.

 SOURCE:  NIDA and NIAAA, 1989 National Drug and Alcoholism Treatment Unit
          Survey.

 (Entered: 12/90)

 Distribution of Treatment Facilities and Alcohol, Drug, and Total
 Clients by Facility Ownership:  September 30, 1989

 ----------------------------------------------------------------------------
 Ownership               Facilities      Alcohol        Drug           All
                                         Clients       Clients       Clients
 ----------------------------------------------------------------------------
 Private For-Profit         1,276        53,765        40,486        94,251
                            (16.4) *      (14.1)        (11.5)        (12.8)

 Private Nonprofit          5,030       226,799       214,448       441,247
                            (64.9)        (59.1)        (61.0)         (60.0)

 State/Local Government     1,258        86,767        87,882       174,649
                            (16.2)        (22.6)        (25.0)        (23.8)

 Federal Government           195        16,194         8,614        24,808
                             (2.5)         (4.2)         (2.5)         (3.4)

 Total                      7,759       383,525       351,430       734,955
 ----------------------------------------------------------------------------
 *  Numbers in brackets () are column percentages.

 SOURCE:  NIDA and NIAAA, 1989 National Drug and Alcoholism Treatment Unit
          Survey.

 (Entered: 12/90)


 Estimated Number of Clients Who Were Intravenous Drug Users (IVDUs) at
 the Time They Started Treatment:  Sept. 30, 1989

 ----------------------------------------------------------------------------
                          Alcohol-        Drug-
 Type of Client             Only          Only        Combined         All
                         Facilities    Facilities    Facilities    Facilities
 ----------------------------------------------------------------------------
 IVDUs Listed as            4,728             0        13,000        17,728
   Alcohol Clients

 IVDUs Listed as                0        84,028        28,229       112,257
   Drug Clients

 Total IVDU Clients         4,728        84,028        41,229       129,985
 ----------------------------------------------------------------------------
 SOURCE:  NIDA and NIAAA, 1989 National Drug and Alcoholism Treatment Unit
          Survey.

 (Entered: 12/90)


 Unduplicated Number of Clients Treated in the 12 Months Ending
 September 30, 1989 and Numbers of Facilities Reporting These Counts,
 by Client Type and Facility Orientation

 ----------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                     Number of Clients Reported
                       ---------------------------------------------------
 Type of Client          Alcohol-      Drug-
                          Only         Only        Combined         All
                       Facilities   Facilities    Facilities    Facilities
 -------------------------------------------------------------------------
 Alcohol Clients         480,868           0       969,384     1,450,252
 Drug Clients                  0     367,191       628,803       995,994

 Total Clients           480,868     367,191     1,598,187     2,445,246
 -------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                   Number of Facilities Reporting
                       ---------------------------------------------------
 Type of Client          Alcohol-      Drug-
                          Only         Only        Combined         All
                       Facilities   Facilities    Facilities    Facilities
 -------------------------------------------------------------------------
 Alcohol Clients           1,305           0         3,995         5,300
 Drug Clients                  0       1,051         3,973         5,024

 Total Clients             1,305       1,051         4,099 *       6,455 *
 -------------------------------------------------------------------------
 *  Total combined facilities reporting is less than the sum of combined
    facilities reporting alcohol and drug clients because most combined
    facilities reported both types of clients.

 SOURCE:  NIDA and NIAAA, 1989 National Drug and Alcoholism Treatment Unit
          Survey.

 (Entered: 12/90)

 Staff, by Occupation, Paid/Volunteer Status, and Full-Time/Part-Time
 Status, by Unit Orientation

 ------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                  Total
 Pay Status/Type of            Full-Time        Part-Time       Part-Time
 Staff/Job                   Staff-Person     Staff-Person      Hours per
                                                                  Week
 ------------------------------------------------------------------------
 Paid Staff
   Direct Care
     Physicians                  1,809            4,500          36,130
     Registered Nurses           8,507            4,141          59,388
     Other Medical               4,410            1,923          28,963
     Psychologists               3,574            2,776          28,865
     Social Workers              5,313            2,245          27,218
     Credentialed Counselors    19,302            4,176          61,598
     Other Counselors           12,197            3,711          50,644
     Other Direct Care          10,055            3,922          60,490

     Subtotal                   65,167           27,394         353,296

   Support
     Administration Support     24,600            6,622          97,249

   Subtotal                     89,767           34,016         450,545

 Volunteers
   Direct Care                   4,136            5,865          35,166
   Support
     Administration Support      2,025            3,158          19,337

   Subtotal                      6,161            9,023          54,503

 All Staff
   Total                        95,928           43,039         505,048
 ------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                Part-Time *
 Pay Status/Type of               Staff:          Total **       Total ***
 Staff/Job                      Full-Time         Staff         Full-Time
                               Equivalents       Persons       Equivalents
 -------------------------------------------------------------------------
 Paid Staff
   Direct Care
     Physicians                   1,033            6,309           2,842
     Registered Nurses            1,697           12,648          10,204
     Other Medical                  828            6,333           5,238
     Psychologists                  825            6,350           4,399
     Social Workers                 778            7,558           6,091
     Credentialed Counselors      1,760           23,478          21,062
     Other Counselors             1,447           15,908          13,644
     Other Direct Care            1,728           13,977          11,783

     Subtotal                    10,094           92,561          75,261

   Support
     Administration Support       2,778           31,322          27,378

   Subtotal                      12,873          123,783         102,640

 Volunteers
   Direct Care                    1,005           10,001           5,141
   Support
     Administration Support         553            5,183           2,578

   Subtotal                       1,558           15,184           7,719

 All Staff
   Total                         14,430          138,967         110,358
 -------------------------------------------------------------------------
 *  Full-time equivalents of part-time staff are computed by dividing total
    part-time hours per week by 35.  That is, 35 hours is assumed to be a
    full-time work week.

 **  Total staff persons are computed as the sum of full-time staff persons
     and part-time staff persons.

 ***  Total full-time equivalents are computed as the sum of total full-time
      staff and full-time equivalents of part-time staff.  This variable
      represents to total staff effort.

 SOURCE:  NIDA and NIAAA, 1989 National Drug and Alcoholism Treatment Unit
          Survey.

 (Entered: 12/90)


 Number of Treatment Units and Clients in Treatment for Each State and
 Outlying Area According to Type of Client/Unit Orientation:
 September 30, 1989

 -----------------------------------------------------------------------
                           Type of Client/Unit Orientation
            ------------------------------------------------------------
 State           Alcohol                Drug                 Total
            ----------------      ----------------      ----------------
            Units    Clients      Units    Clients      Units    Clients
 -----------------------------------------------------------------------
 AL            34      1,609         33      1,713         35      3,322
 AK            43      1,968         27        521         47      2,489
 AZ           125      5,266        115      4,291        148      9,557
 AR            35      1,967         36      1,444         38      3,411
 CA           907     66,041        752     50,391      1,184    116,432
 CO           247     12,721        165      6,243        264     18,964
 CT           101      5,490        109      6,861        139     12,351
 DE            22      1,444         20        731         26      2,175
 DC            22      1,068         37      3,144         42      4,212
 FL           210     13,509        244     15,194        255     28,703
 GA            42      3,204         46      5,490         50      8,694
 Guam           1         18          1          1          1         19
 HI            23        818         25        903         26      1,721
 ID            25      1,903         25      1,247         25      3,150
 IL           276     17,237        271     15,194        319     29,266
 IN           202      9,479        200      4,844        205     14,323
 IA            60      4,223         58      1,298         60      5,521
 KS           126      3,267        126      1,994        128      5,261
 KY           141      5,755        139      2,389        142      8,144
 LA            87      4,425         89      5,125         90      9,550
 ME            40      2,450         39      1,246         41      3,696
 MD            33     10,219        141      8,577        182     18,796
 MA           192      9,701        189      8,953        204     18,654
 MI           292     18,100        318     14,114        333     32,214
 MN           161      2,841        143      1,558        166      4,399
 MS            64      4,486         63      1,930         65      6,416
 MO           106      4,898        107      4,207        111      9,105
 MT            34      1,221         33        612         35      1,833
 NB           124      4,902        119      1,666        125      6,568
 NV            29        472         30        734         32      1,206
 NH            31      1,097         31        670         34      1,767
 NJ           221      9,440        171     11,385        269     20,825
 NM            46      2,670         32      1,103         52      3,773
 NY           429     37,902        371     79,515        735    117,417
 NC            91      9,142         90      5,601        105     14,743
 ND            30      1,540         30        508         30      2,048
 OH           300     14,024        315     13,902        332     27,926
 OK            71      3,523         70      2,832         72      6,355
 OR           124      9,542        101      5,700        143     15,242
 PA           275     10,980        294     12,383        304     23,363
 RI            60      3,444         52      2,420         71      5,864
 SC            52     10,668         51      3,672         53     14,340
 SD            26        955         24        127         26      1,082
 TN            59      3,010         59      2,411         60      5,421
 TX           214      4,597        246     10,236        261     14,833
 UT            38      3,160         39      1,875         41      5,035
 VT            21        911         21        742         21      1,653
 Virg. Is.      1         27          1         37          1         64
 VA            90      8,098         93      5,411         97     13,509
 WA           123     11,962        119      7,026        135     18,988
 WV            21      1,659         21        312         21      1,971
 WI           197      8,637        194      4,693        199     13,330
 WY            38      1,672         38        650         39      2,322
 Puerto Rico   31      4,163        124      8,769        140     12,932
 Total      6,493    383,525      6,287    351,430      7,759    734,955
 -----------------------------------------------------------------------
 * The number of facilities shown in this column is less than the sum of the
   numbers of facilities in the alcohol and drug columns because facilities
   providing combined drug and alcohol treatment are counted only once.

 SOURCE:  NIDA and NIAAA, 1989 National Drug and Alcoholism Treatment Unit
          Survey.

 (Entered: 12/90)




This page last reviewed: Thursday, January 28, 2016
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